Feminism and the Power of Law

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Author: Carol Smart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134972830

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 2064

In this now established text the author presents her analysis of the power of law and argues for a feminist post-structuralist approach. She comments on pornography, as well as discussing recent research on rape trials and abortion legislation.

Women, Crime and Criminology (Routledge Revivals)

A Feminist Critique

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Author: Carol Smart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136161465

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 5306

First published in 1977, Women, Crime and Criminology presents a feminist critique of classical and contemporary theories of female criminality. It addresses the issue that criminology literature has, throughout history, been predominantly male-oriented, always treating female criminality as marginal to the ‘proper’ study of crime in society. Carol Smart explores a new direction in criminology, and the sociology of deviance, by investigating female crime from a committed feminist position. Examining the types of offences committed by female offenders, Smart points to the fallacies inherent in a reliance on official statistics and shows the deficiencies of the popular argument that female emancipation has caused an increase in female crime rates. She deals with studies of prostitution and rape and considers the treatment of women – as offenders and victims – by the criminal law, the police and courts, and the penal system. Particular attention is given to the question of lenient treatment for female offenders with the conclusion that women and girls are, in some important instances, actually discriminated against in our legal and penal systems. The relationship between female criminality and mental illness is discussed and the author concludes by dealing with some of the problems inherent in developing a feminist criminology.

Law, Crime and Sexuality

Essays in Feminism

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Author: Carol Smart

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9781446231029

Category: Feminism theory

Page: 256

View: 9166

Law, crime, and sexuality transcends the traditional fragmentation of sociology, criminology, socio-legal studies, and feminist theory and philosophy. It enables readers to draw on aspects from each discipline and see how various themes and discussions are related. Compiled specifically for students' needs, the essays show that theory need not be too hard or too inaccessible, and help students to understand the law in conceptual terms while enabling them to become fully aware of the extent to which the law is implicated in our everyday lives.

Class, Race, Gender, and Crime

The Social Realities of Justice in America

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Author: Gregg Barak,Paul Leighton,Jeanne Flavin

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Publishers

ISBN: 074259971X

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 9504

A decade after its first publication, Class, Race, Gender, and Crime remains the only authored book to systematically address the impact of class, race, and gender on criminological theory and all phases of the criminal justice process. The new edition has been thoroughly revised, for easier use in courses, and updated throughout, including new examples ranging from Bernie Madoff and the recent financial crisis to the increasing impact of globalization.

Women, Crime and Criminology

A Feminist Critique

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Author: Carol Smart

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 9780203079676

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 4071

First published in 1977, Women, Crime and Criminology presents a feminist critique of classical and contemporary theories of female criminality. It addresses the issue that criminology literature has, throughout history, been predominantly male-oriented, always treating female criminality as marginal to the 'proper' study of crime in society. Carol Smart explores a new direction in criminology, and the sociology of deviance, by investigating female crime from a committed feminist position. Examining the types of offences committed by female offenders, Smart points to the fallacies inherent in a reliance on official statistics and shows the deficiencies of the popular argument that female emancipation has caused an increase in female crime rates. She deals with studies of prostitution and rape and considers the treatment of women - as offenders and victims - by the criminal law, the police and courts, and the penal system. Particular attention is given to the question of lenient treatment for female offenders with the conclusion that women and girls are, in some important instances, actually discriminated against in our legal and penal systems. The relationship between female criminality and mental illness is discussed and the author concludes by dealing with some of the problems inherent in developing a feminist criminology.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

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Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 3185

​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

What is Crime?

Controversies Over the Nature of Crime and what to Do about it

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Author: Stuart Henry,Mark Lanier

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847698073

Category: Social Science

Page: 258

View: 8091

For decades, scholars have disagreed about what kinds of behavior count as crime. Is it simply a violation of the criminal law? Is it behavior that causes serious harm? Is the seriousness affected by how many people are harmed and does it make a difference who those people are? Are crimes less criminal if the victims are black, lower class, or foreigners? When corporations victimize workers is that a crime? What about when governments violate basic human rights of their citizens, and who then polices governments? In What Is Crime? the first book-length treatment of the topic, contributors debate the content of crime from diverse perspectives: consensus/moral, cultural/relative, conflict/power, anarchist/critical, feminist, racial/ethnic, postmodernist, and integrational. Henry and Lanier synthesize these perspectives and explore what each means for crime control policy.

Battered Women in the Courtroom

The Power of Judicial Responses

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Author: James Ptacek

Publisher: UPNE

ISBN: 9781555533915

Category: Law

Page: 240

View: 3337

For the first time, a study of the ways in which judges respond to abused women.

Exploiting the Limits of Law

Swedish Feminism and the Challenge to Pessimism

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Author: Professor Åsa Gunnarsson,Professor Eva-Maria Svensson,Professor Margaret Davies

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409495906

Category: Law

Page: 244

View: 8443

Moving beyond the question of whether an area of scholarly investigation can truly be characterized as 'legal', Exploiting the Limits of Law combats the often unhelpful constraints of law's subject-matter and formal processes. Through a process of reflection on the limits of law and repeated efforts to redraw them, this book challenges the general sense of pessimism among feminists and others about the usefulness of law as an instrument of change. The work combines theoretical analysis of the law's boundaries with investigation of the practical settings for changing legal and policy environments. Both the empirical focus of this volume, and its underlying theoretical concern with the limits of the law and its gender implications, render it of interest to legal scholars throughout the world, whether of EU law, feminism, social policy or philosophy.

Radical Issues in Criminology

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Author: Pat Carlen,Mike Collison

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780389200833

Category: Law

Page: 212

View: 4236

This collection of essays deals with central issues relating to the rule of law, individual rights and the politics of penal reform. The issues examined include juvenile justice, criminal violence, feminism and criminology, civil liberties, police powers, justice in prisons and the necessity for social life to be regulated by law. The emphasis throughout is upon specific concrete problems and the formulation of possible solutions. In marked contrast to many radical criminologists, who have fashioned utopian visions of a socialist society untroubled by problems of social regulation, each contributor to this book focuses sharply upon tangible problems and workable alternatives. By eschewing global theories of either crime or law, and by avoiding generalized "radical" recipes for change, these essays provide an important counter-balance to recent libertarian, anarchistic and utopian trends in modern criminology.

Partial Excuses to Murder

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Author: Stanley Meng Heong Yeo

Publisher: Federation Press

ISBN: 9781862870475

Category: Criminal liability

Page: 287

View: 1978

Sixteen papers on provocation, diminished responsibility, excessive self-defence and intoxication described in the Adelaide Law Review as: "a comprehensive and illuminating view of the four defences" Other publications agree: "Those of us who must defend in the cold aftermath of a killing would do well to have a copy of this book handy."ACT Law Society Newsletter "There is a healthy balance between theoretical perspective and practical application."Victorian Law Institute Journal

States of Passion

Law, Identity, and Social Construction of Desire

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Author: Yvonne Zylan

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199813477

Category: Law

Page: 334

View: 6942

In States of Passion: Law, Identity and the Social Construction of Desire, Professor Yvonne Zylan explores the role of legal discourse in shaping sexual experience, sexual expression, and sexual identity. The book focuses on three topics: anti-gay hate crime laws, same-sex sexual harassment, and same-sex marriage, examining how sexuality is socially constructed through the institutionally-specific production of legal discourse. States of Passion argues that law's power to authorize specific discourses and practices of love, desire, hatred, fear, and vulnerability remain grounded in the powerful discourses and institutional practices that mark law as dispassionate, cerebral, and fundamentally procedural. States of Passion contends that those states of passion we experience in our daily lives as particularly significant-to our sense of self, to our collective and social identities, and to our ideas about the body and its dictates-increasingly have as much to do with the state as they do with passion.

The Criminalization of a Woman's Body

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Author: Clarice Feinman

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9781560241713

Category: Law

Page: 221

View: 1883

This groundbreaking book addresses the ominous trend of introducing and passing laws and court decisions regulating the actions of women and the control of their bodies. One of the few books published on the criminalization of women's bodies, this timely book takes a serious look at the effect these laws would have on women and the threat to their autonomy, privacy, and control; their bodily integrity; control over reproductive capacities; and their constitutional rights. From ancient literature to the literature and law of contemporary society, a woman's value has often rested on her fulfilling expected roles as wife and mother. The lack of respect for women inherent in this predominantly male-oriented line of thinking is reinforced in this new trend of legislation and court decisions attempting to regulate women's behavior and reproductive capacity. The Criminalization of a Woman's Body thoroughly discusses these special laws governing women's personal choices and the threats these laws and court decisions pose to women's autonomy and constitutional rights. Scholars from Israel, Italy, and the United States provide a multidimensional discussion of the problem facing women in many, if not all, countries. Contributors represent various disciplines including, law, philosophy, medicine, political science, sociology, women's studies, and criminal justice. Articles analyze sensitive issues surrounding abortion and its impending criminalization in several countries; controversial topics on contract motherhood; the power of administrative agencies to control and informally criminalize pregnant women and new mothers; policies meant to protect the fetus from pregnant women who deviate from medically, socially, and legally sanctioned behavior which may deter women from seeking any medical care; and the destruction of families due to the criminalization of pregnant women and new mothers and the consequent removal of their children and placement into foster care. Professors, students, librarians, agency workers dealing with women's issues, and women and men in the general public will find this important book a helpful tool in sorting through the complex issues on criminalizing women's bodies.

The Politics of Criminology

Critical Studies on Deviance and Social Control

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Author: Stratos Georgoulas

Publisher: LIT Verlag Münster

ISBN: 3643901860

Category: Social Science

Page: 363

View: 7855

The issue of the politics of criminology is a significant theme in academic debate, policy implementation, and legal reform. Against administrative criminologists who have been criticized as "technicians of the State" or "apologists for criminal justice," functioning primarily to "manage" the consequences and conflict of structural inequalities in advanced democratic states, this book brings policy back to what it was, a sociological study of the entire social framework of the inequalities of power, wealth, and authority, which is the result of class relations of industrial society. (Series: Deviance and Social Control - Vol. 1)

Criminology

A Sociological Introduction

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Author: Eamonn Carrabine,Paul Iganski,Maggy Lee

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415281676

Category: Law

Page: 428

View: 3123

Covering all the major areas of the subject, this introduction to criminology features specific topics such as the history and theory of criminology and categories of crime.

The Blackwell Companion to Criminology

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Author: Colin Sumner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470998954

Category: Social Science

Page: 544

View: 4528

The Blackwell Companion to Criminology provides a contemporary and global resource to scholarship in both classical and topical areas of criminology. Written accessibly, and with its international perspective and first-rate scholarship, this is truly the first global handbook of criminology. Editors and contributors are international experts in criminology, offering a comparative perspective on theories and systems Contains full discussion of key debates and theories, the implications of new topics, studies and ideas, and contemporary developments Coverage includes: class, gender, and race, criminal justice, juvenile delinquency, punishment, mass media, international crimes, and social control

Making Trouble

Cultural Constructions of Crime, Deviance, and Control

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Author: Dr Jeff Ferrell,Neil Websdale

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202367200

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 6296

In Making Trouble, leading scholars in criminology, sociology, criminal justice, womens studies, and social history explore the mediated cultural dynamics that govern image construction and understanding of a wide range of contemporary controversies (for instance, drug dealing, freight train graffi ti, anti-abortion violence, etc.). Edited within unifying central themes such as "situated media"; the evolution of policing and social control; and the gendered construction of crime, deviance, and control, Making Trouble marks a signifi cant expansion within this field.

Routledge International Handbook of Crime and Gender Studies

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Author: Claire M. Renzetti,Angela R. Gover

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415782163

Category: Social Science

Page: 315

View: 9137

Criminological research has historically been based on the study of men, boys and crime. As a result, the criminal justice system's development of policies, programs, and treatment regimes was based on the male offender. It was not until the 1970s that some criminologists began to draw attention to the neglect of gender in the study of crime, but today, the study of gender and crime is burgeoning within criminology and includes a vast literature. The Routledge International Handbook of Crime and Gender Studies is a collection of original, cutting-edge, multidisciplinary essays which provide a thorough overview of the history and development of research on gender and crime, covering topics based around: theoretical and methodological approaches gender and victimization gender and offending gendered work in the criminal justice system future directions in gender and crime research. Alongside these essays are boxes which highlight particularly innovative ideas or controversial topics – such as cybercrime, restorative justice, campus crime, and media depictions. A second set of boxes features leading gender and crime researchers who reflect on what sparked their interest in the subject. This engaging and thoughtful collection will be invaluable for students and scholars of criminology, sociology, psychology, public health, social work, cultural studies, media studies, economics and political science.

Racialization, Crime, and Criminal Justice in Canada

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Author: Wendy Chan,Dorothy Chunn

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442605766

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 2569

Race still matters in Canada, and in the context of crime and criminal justice, it matters a lot. In this book, the authors focus on the ways in which racial minority groups are criminalized, as well as the ways in which the Canadian criminal justice system is racialized. Employing an intersectional analysis, Chan and Chunn explore how the connection between race and crime is further affected by class, gender, and other social relations.The text covers not only conventional topics such as policing, sentencing, and the media, but also neglected areas such as the criminalization of immigration, poverty, and mental illness.