Explorations in the Economics of Aging

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Author: David A. Wise

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226903370

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 388

View: 3187

"This is the thirteenth in a series of NBER volumes on the Economics of Aging"--Introduction.

The Economic Effects of Aging in the United States and Japan

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Author: Michael D. Hurd,Naohiro Yashiro

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226361024

Category: Social Science

Page: 372

View: 1005

Due to falling fertility rates, the aging of the baby-boom cohort, and increases in life expectancy, the percentage of the population that is elderly is expected to increase rapidly in the United States and Japan over the next two decades. These fourteen essays show that, despite differences in culture and social and government structure, population aging will have many similar macro and micro effects on the economic status and behavior of the elderly in both countries. The most obvious effects will be on social programs such as public pension systems and the provision for medical needs of the elderly. But, the contributors demonstrate, aging will also affect markets for labor, capital, housing, and health care services. It will affect firms through their participation in the demand side of the labor market and through their provisions for pensions. And aging will influence saving rates, the rate of return on assets, the balance of payments, and, most likely, economic growth. This volume will interest scholars and policy makers concerned with the economics of aging.

The Economics of Aging

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Author: David A. Wise

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226903222

Category: Political Science

Page: 426

View: 6108

The Economics of Aging presents results from an ongoing National Bureau of Economic Research project. Contributors consider the housing mobility and living arrangements of the elderly, their labor force participation and retirement, the economics of their health care, and their financial status. The goal of the research is to further our understanding both of the factors that determine the well-being of the elderly and of the consequences that follow from an increasingly older population with longer individual life spans. Each paper is accompanied by critical commentary.

The Palgrave Handbook of the Philosophy of Aging

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Author: Geoffrey Scarre

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137393564

Category: Philosophy

Page: 559

View: 5913

This comprehensive handbook presents the major philosophical perspectives on the nature, prospects, problems and social context of age and aging in an era of dramatically increasing life-expectancy. Drawing on the latest research in gerontology, medicine and the social sciences, its twenty-seven chapters examine our intuitions and common sense beliefs about the meaning of aging and explore topics such as the existential experience of old age, aging in different philosophical and religious traditions, the place of the elderly in contemporary society and the moral rights and responsibilities of the old. This book provides innovative and leading-edge research that will help to determine the parameters of the philosophy of aging for years to come. Key Features • Structured in four parts addressing the meaning, experience, ethics and future of aging • Comprehensive ethical coverage including of the retirement age, health-care for the elderly and the transhumanist life-extending project • Focused treatment of the dementia ‘epidemic’ and the philosophy of the mind and self The Palgrave Handbook of the Philosophy of Aging is an essential resource for scholars, researchers and advanced students in the philosophy of the self, moral and political philosophy, bioethics, phenomenology, narrative studies and philosophy of economics. It is also an ideal volume for researchers, advanced students and professionals in gerontology, health care, psychology, sociology and population studies.

Research Findings in the Economics of Aging

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Author: David A. Wise

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226903087

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 504

View: 7030

The baby boom generation's entry into old age has led to an unprecedented increase in the elderly population. The social and economic effects of this shift are significant, and in Research Findings in the Economics of Aging, a group of leading researchers takes an eclectic view of the subject. Among the broad topics discussed are work and retirement behavior, disability, and their relationship to the structure of retirement and disability policies. While choices about when to retire are made by individuals, these decisions are influenced by a set of incentives, including retirement benefits and health care, and this volume includes cross-national analyses of the effects of such programs on these decisions. Furthermore, the volume also offers in-depth analysis of the effects of retirement plans, employer contributions, and housing prices on retirement. It explores well-established relationships among economic circumstances, health, and mortality, as well as the effects of poverty and lower levels of economic development on health and life satisfaction. By combining micro and macro evidence, this volume continues a tradition of expanding the research agenda on the economics of aging.

Discoveries in the Economics of Aging

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Author: David A. Wise

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022614612X

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 528

View: 4990

The oldest members of the Baby-Boomer generation are now crossing the threshold of eligibility for Social Security and Medicare with extensive and significant implications for these programs’ overall spending and fiscal sustainability. Yet the aging of the Baby Boomers is just one part of the rapidly changing landscape of aging in the United States and around the world. The latest volume in the NBER’s Economics of Aging series, Discoveries in the Economics of Aging assembles incisive analyses of the most recent research in this expanding field of study. A substantive focus of the volume is the well-documented relationship between health and financial well-being, especially as people age. The contributors explore this issue from a variety of perspectives within the context of the changing demographic landscape. The first part of the volume explores recent trends in health measurement, including the use of alternative measurement indices. Later contributions explore, among other topics, alternate determinants of health, including retirement, marital status, and cohabitation with family, and the potential for innovations, interventions, and public policy to improve health and financial well-being.

Themes in the Economics of Aging

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Author: David A. Wise

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226903330

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 2412

In the past few years, the economic ramifications of aging have garnered close attention from a group of NBER researchers led by David A. Wise. In this volume, Wise and his collaborators continue to analyze a nexus of age-related issues. This volume begins by looking at the implications of private and public personal retirement plans, focusing in particular on the impact of 401(k) programs on retirement strategies in light of potential social security reform and factors such as annuitization and on asset accumulation. Next, the often-observed relationship between health and wealth is dissected from two different perspectives and correlated with striking increases in health-care spending over the past two decades, despite the improved health of older populations. The volume concludes with an investigation of the retirement effects of various social security provisions in both U.S. and German systems. This carefully developed collection expands the current investigative focus and broadens the dialogue on a rapidly growing area of social and economic concern.

On Your Own without a Net

The Transition to Adulthood for Vulnerable Populations

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Author: D. Wayne Osgood,E. Michael Foster,Constance Flanagan,Gretchen R. Ruth

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226637859

Category: Social Science

Page: 432

View: 8824

In the decade after high school, young people continue to rely on their families in many ways-sometimes for financial support, sometimes for help with childcare, and sometimes for continued shelter. But what about those young people who confront special difficulties during this period, many of whom can count on little help from their families? On Your Own Without a Net documents the special challenges facing seven vulnerable populations during the transition to adulthood: former foster care youth, youth formerly involved in the juvenile justice system, youth in the criminal justice system, runaway and homeless youth, former special education students, young people in the mental health system, and youth with physical disabilities. During adolescence, government programs have been a major part of their lives, yet eligibility for most programs typically ends between the ages of eighteen and twenty-one. This critical volume shows the unfortunate repercussions of this termination of support and points out the issues that must be addressed to improve these young people's chances of becoming successful adults.

Geographies of Ageing

Social Processes and the Spatial Unevenness of Population Ageing

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Author: Dr Amanda Davies,Dr Amity James

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409490335

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 941

Population ageing is projected to affect all countries across the world in coming decades. The current rate of population ageing is unprecedented in human history with population projections indicating that this will be an enduring trend. Moreover, population ageing is spatially pervasive, affecting every man, woman and child. This has considerable implications for policy responding to the economic, social and healthcare outcomes of population ageing. The potential economic implications have been likened to those of the 2008 global financial crisis. This book examines the patterns and causes of uneven population ageing. It identifies those countries and localities most likely to experience population ageing and the reasons for this. Attention is also given to the role that youth migration, labour force migration, retirement migration and ageing in place have in influencing the spatial concentrations of older people. The book brings together a range of diverse international case studies to illustrate the importance of understanding the causes of population ageing. Case studies include a review of ageing in Florida's (USA) labour force, an investigation into the housing arrangements for the elderly in Northern Ireland and an assessment of the environmental stewardship activities of Grey Nomads on Western Australia's remote north coast.

No Aging in India

Alzheimer's, The Bad Family, and Other Modern Things

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Author: Lawrence Cohen

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520224620

Category: Social Science

Page: 367

View: 1629

"Beautifully written, erudite, a perfect balance between theory and ethnography. The narratives are wonderful."—E. Valentine Daniel, author of Charred Lullabies "No book in medical anthropology matches No Aging in India in its extraordinary richness of ethnographic detail. A feast of stories, lives, and theory--it contains such a thickness of social experience that the reader feels he or she has become a part of India's local worlds. Lawrence Cohen has written one of the finest ethnographic monographs I have read. A triumph of field research and writing, this book will, I feel sure, set the standard for the next wave of ethnographies in medical anthropology."—Arthur Kleinman, author of Writing at the Margin

Issues in Global Aging

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Author: Frederick L Ahearn Jr

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135417695

Category: Social Science

Page: 182

View: 5368

Gain a new perspective on the international implications of our aging population! This comprehensive book examines a broad array of international concerns in gerontology. Issues in Global Aging addresses the implications of the rapid growth in elderly populations in both the Third World and industrialized nations including the US, Israel, Pakistan, and the UK. It examines successful policy and programmatic approaches to dealing with the practical needs of older citizens for health care, pensions, work, and personal care. Issues in Global Aging brings together case studies, empirical research, and theoretical exploration of policies and services for the elderly around the world. It also considers the spiritual dimension of aging and the influence of various religious and cultural beliefs on gerontology policy and practice. Issues in Global Aging addresses urgent questions concerning the ever-increasing elderly population, including: what are the economic implications of the demographic shift toward an older population? who is responsible for caring for the elderly in various cultures? how can older people find economic security? how does spiritual practice give older people self-esteem and a sense of personal meaning? Issues in Global Aging is an essential source of fresh thought and useful research for gerontologists, social workers, policymakers, economists, and ministers who work with older people.

Perspectives on the Economics of Aging

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Author: David A. Wise

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226903281

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 392

View: 5337

This book investigates several important issues in the economics of aging, including the accumulation of wealth and the relationship between health and financial prosperity. Examining the changes in savings behavior and investment priorities in the United States over the past few decades, contributors to the volume point to a dramatic shift from employer-managed, defined benefit pensions to employee-controlled retirement savings plans. Further, the legislative reforms of the 1980s and the booming stock market of the 1990s did their share to influence individual wealth accumulation patterns of Americans. These studies also explore the relationship between health status and economic status. Considering issues like pension income and health, mortality, and medical care, contributors present evidence from the United States, Britain, South Africa, and Russia. The volume culminates with wide-ranging discussions on a number of key topics in the field including the innovations that have contributed to a decline in mortality rates; the various medical advances that have benefited populations over time; and the determinants of expenditures on health. The findings with regard to cross-sectional differences in health outcomes and health care utilization also pose troubling questions for policymakers seeking to democratize health care across regions and races.

The Craft of Life Course Research

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Author: Glen H. Elder,Janet Z. Giele

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606233610

Category: Psychology

Page: 372

View: 4109

This book brings together prominent investigators to provide a comprehensive guide to doing life course research, including an “inside view” of how they designed and carried out influential longitudinal studies. Using vivid examples, the contributors trace the connections between early and later experience and reveal how researchers and graduate students can discover these links in their own research. Well-organized chapters describe the best and newest ways to: *Use surveys, life records, ethnography, and data archives to collect different types of data over years or even decades. *Apply innovative statistical methods to measure dynamic processes that result in improvement, decline, or reversibility in economic fortune, stress, health, and criminality. *Explore the micro- and macro-level explanatory factors that shape individual trajectories, including genetic and environmental interactions, personal life history, interpersonal ties, and sociocultural institutions.

Care across Distance

Ethnographic Explorations of Aging and Migration

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Author: Azra Hromadžić,Monika Palmberger

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785338013

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 5080

World-wide migration has an unsettling effect on social structures, especially on aging populations and eldercare. This volume investigates how taken-for-granted roles are challenged, intergenerational relationships transformed, economic ties recalibrated, technological innovations utilized, and spiritual relations pursued and desired, and asks what it means to care at a distance and to age abroad. What it does show is that trans-nationalization of care produces unprecedented convergences of people, objects and spaces that challenge our assumptions about the who, how, and where of care.

Studies in the Economics of Aging

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Author: David A. Wise

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226903316

Category: Social Science

Page: 463

View: 9131

Studies in the Economics of Aging is the fourth book in a series from the National Bureau of Economic Research that addresses economic issues in aging and retirement. Building on the research in The Economics of Aging (1989), Issues in the Economics of Aging (1990), and Topics in the Economics of Aging (1992), this volume examines elderly population growth and government spending, life expectancy and health, saving for retirement and housing values, aging in Germany and Taiwan, and the utilization of nursing home and other long-term care.

Science, Technology and the Ageing Society

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Author: Tiago Moreira

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317602196

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 9295

Ageing is widely recognised as one of the social and economic challenges in the contemporary, globalised world, for which scientific, technological and medical solutions are continuously sought. This book proposes that science and technology also played a crucial role in the creation and transformation of the ageing society itself. Drawing on existing work on science, technology and ageing in sociology, anthropology, history of science, geography and social gerontology, Science, Technology and the Ageing Society explores the complex, interweaving relationship between expertise, scientific and technological standards and social, normatively embedded age identities. Through a series of case studies focusing on older people, science and technology, medical research about ageing and ageing-related illnesses, and the role of expertise in the management of ageing populations, Moreira challenges the idea that aging is a problem for the individual and society. Tracing the epistemic and technological infrastructures that underpin multiple of ways of aging, this timely volume is a crucial tool for undergraduate and graduate students interested in social gerontology, health and social care, sociology of aging, science and technology studies and medical sociology.

Women in Late Life

Critical Perspectives on Gender and Age

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Author: Martha Holstein

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 1442222883

Category: Social Science

Page: 316

View: 4676

Women in Late Life explores thorny issues related to gender and aging, including ageism, cultural expectations, body image, caring at the end of life, chronic illness, Social Security, caregiving, and more. Blending personal narrative with current research, this interdisciplinary look at gender and aging is nuanced and beautifully written.

The Politics of Same-Sex Marriage

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Author: Craig A. Rimmerman,Clyde Wilcox

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226720004

Category: Political Science

Page: 385

View: 8798

Same-sex marriage emerged in 2004 as one of the hottest issues of the campaign season. But in a severe blow to gay rights advocates, all eleven states that had the issue on the ballot passed amendments banning the practice, and the subject soon dropped off the media’s radar. This pattern of waxing and waning in the public eye has characterized the debate over same-sex marriage since 1996 and the passing of the Defense of Marriage Act. Since then, court rulings and local legislatures have kept the issue alive in the political sphere, and conservatives and gay rights advocates have made the issue a key battlefield in the culture wars. The Politics of Same-Sex Marriage brings together an esteemed list of scholars to explore all facets of this heated issue, including the ideologies and strategies on both sides of the argument, the public’s response, the use of the issue in political campaigns, and how same-sex marriage fits into the broad context of policy cycles and windows of political opportunity. With comprehensive coverage from a variety of different approaches, this volume will be a vital sourcebook for activists, politicians, and scholars alike.

Critical Gerontology Comes of Age

Advances in Research and Theory for a New Century

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Author: Chris Wellin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351806459

Category: Psychology

Page: 246

View: 7881

Critical Gerontology Comes of Age reflects on how baby boomers, caretakers, and health professionals are perceiving and adapting to historical, social, political, and cultural changes that call into question prior assumptions about aging and life progression. Through an exploration of earlier and later-life stages and the dynamic changes in intergenerational relations, chapter authors reexamine the research, methods, and scope of critical gerontology, a multidisciplinary field that speaks to the experiences of life in the 21st century. Topics include Medicare, privatization of home care, incarceration, outreach to LGTBQ elders, migration, and chronic illness. Grounded in innovative research and case studies, this volume reflects multiple perspectives and is accessible to lay readers, advanced undergraduates and graduate students, and professionals in many fields.

The Art and Science of Aging Well

A Physician's Guide to a Healthy Body, Mind, and Spirit

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Author: Mark E. Williams, M.D.

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 146962740X

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 7777

In the past century, average life expectancies have nearly doubled, and today, for the first time in human history, many people have a realistic chance of living to eighty or beyond. As life expectancy increases, Americans need accurate, scientifically grounded information so that they can take full responsibility for their own later years. In The Art and Science of Aging Well, Mark E. Williams, M.D., discusses the remarkable advances that medical science has made in the field of aging and the steps that people may take to enhance their lives as they age. Through his own observations and by use of the most current medical research, Williams offers practical advice to help aging readers and those who care for them enjoy personal growth and approach aging with optimism and even joy. The Art and Science of Aging Well gives a realistic portrait of how aging occurs and provides important advice for self-improvement and philosophical, spiritual, and conscious evolution. Williams argues that we have considerable choice in determining the quality of our own old age. Refuting the perspective of aging that insists that personal, social, economic, and health care declines are persistent and inevitable, he takes a more holistic approach, revealing the multiple facets of old age. Williams provides the resources for a happy and productive later life.