Explorations in Economic Sociology

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Author: Richard Swedberg

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610445228

Category: Social Science

Page: 476

View: 6482

Since the mid-1980s, as public discourse has focused increasingly on the troubled economy, many social scientists have argued the need for more analysis of the social relationships that undergird economic life. The original essays in Explorations in Economic Sociology represent the most important work in this renewed field and employ a rich variety of research methods—theoretical, ethnographic, and historical—to illustrate its key concerns. Explorations in Economic Sociology forges innovative social theories of such economic institutions as money, markets, and industry. Although traditional economists have identified markets as driven solely by the forces of supply and demand, social factors frequently intervene. Sales at auction are determined not simply by a seller's personal knowledge of customers. Shareholder attitudes and employee organization influence everything from the way firms borrow money to the way corporate performance is measured. Firms themselves operate in social networks in which trust is a crucial factor in settling the terms for cooperation or competition. Throughout the essays in this volume, the contributors point the way to developing a more healthy economy by fostering productive industrial networks, avoiding disintegration at management levels, and anticipating the consequences of the shift from manufacturing to service industries. Explorations in Economic Sociology is a pioneering work that bridges the gap between social theory and economic analysis and demonstrates the importance of this union in achieving an effective understanding of economic issues. The book should stimulate new interest in economic sociology by bringing together many of its most fundamental voices.

Wirtschaft in der New Economic Sociology

Eine Systematisierung und Kritik

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Author: Jan Sparsam

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658075589

Category: Social Science

Page: 312

View: 4324

Das Buch widmet sich der Rekonstruktion der theoretischen Gehalte und einer immanenten Kritik der vier zentralen marktsoziologischen Konzeptionen der New Economic Sociology, verbunden mit den Namen Granovetter, White, Fligstein und Beckert. Die These lautet, dass die Ansätze ihr erklärtes Ziel, die Erklärung wirtschaftlicher als sozialer Sachverhalte, nicht verwirklichen können. Dazu werden ihre jeweiligen Inkonsistenzen und Leerstellen herausgearbeitet. Zuletzt wird gezeigt, dass nicht nur die Erklärungsstruktur der Ansätze, sondern auch ihre Erklärungslücken denen der Wirtschaftswissenschaft auf überraschende Weise ähneln.

Handbuch der Wirtschaftssoziologie

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Author: Andrea Maurer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3531199072

Category: Social Science

Page: 648

View: 4366

Das Handbuch der Wirtschaftssoziologie bündelt soziologische Perspektiven auf Wirtschaft und demonstriert den Beitrag soziologischer Erklärungen und Analysen für ein besseres Verständnis wirtschaftlicher Institutionen und Prozesse. Die Beiträge schließen damit sowohl eine Lücke innerhalb der klassischen Soziologie als auch der neoklassischen Ökonomik. Es vermittelt einen fundierten und gut aufbereiteten Überblick klassischer sozialwissenschaftlicher Zugänge und die Grundposition der neuen Wirtschaftssoziologie. In der zweiten Auflage finden sich darüber hinaus auch wichtige aktuelle Theorieentwicklungen und bedeutende empirische Studien dargestellt. Neu hinzugekommen sind außerdem gesellschaftstheoretische Beiträge zum Kapitalismus bzw. zu Prozessen der Vermarktlichung und Ökonomisierung und zu deren kritischer Wahrnehmung in der Gesellschaft.

Grundlagen der Wirtschaftssoziologie

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Author: Richard Swedberg

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531158709

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 4306

In ‚Principles of Economic Sociology’ skizziert Richard Swedberg, einer der Wegbereiter der neuen Wirtschaftssoziologie, die Konturen dieser vielversprechenden, in den 1980er Jahren (wieder) entdeckten Forschungstradition und eröffnet so wertvolle Einsichten in eine Soziologie der Wirtschaft. Das in den USA 2004 erschienene Werk, das nun auch in deutscher Sprache vorliegt, ist der ambitionierte Versuch, die noch junge, soziologische Analyseform auf Augenhöhe mit der neoklassischen Ökonomik, der Spieltheorie und auch der ökonomischen Verhaltensforschung zu positionieren und neue, soziologische Einsichten in das Wirtschaftsgeschehen zu eröffnen. Mit großer Leidenschaft und dem notwendigen Augenmaß führt Richard Swedberg, der exklusive Kenner der soziologischen wie der ökonomischen Tradition, in die Grundlagen des Faches ein (Marx, Weber, Toqueville) und vermittelt einen konzisen Überblick über die aktuellen Ansätze wie das Einbettungskonzept von Mark Granovetter, die Netzwerktheorie von Harrison White, das Rationalprogramm von James S. Coleman und die Feldtheorie von Pierre Bourdieu. Insbesondere aber vermitteln die ‚Grundlagen der Wirtschaftssoziologie’ ein lebendiges Bild von den Anwendungsgebieten: Unternehmen, Märkten, Recht, Kultur, Vertrauen, Konsum, Geschlecht u.a.

Der „Neue Institutionalismus“

Studien zum Vergleich seiner Forschungsprogramme

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Author: Michael Schmid

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658202335

Category: Social Science

Page: 374

View: 3207

Der Band versammelt Arbeiten zur Rekonstruktion wirtschaftssoziologischer und institutionenökonomischer Forschungsprogramme. Ziel der Darstellungen ist der Vergleich, deren Themenstellungen und Erklärungsreichweite und der Nachweis, dass eine interdisziplinär integrierte Theorie- und Modellentwicklung erwartbar und fruchtbringend ist. Der Inhalt• Soziologie und Ökonomie• Das institutionentheoretische Forschungsprogramm Die ZielgruppenStudierende und Lehrende der Wirtschaftssoziologie, der Organisationstheorie und der Institutionenökonomik Der AutorProf. Dr. Michael Schmid war an der Universität der Bundeswehr in München tätig.

Explorations in the Sociology of Consumption

Fast Food, Credit Cards and Casinos

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Author: George Ritzer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761971207

Category: Social Science

Page: 257

View: 4000

In this book, one of the leading social theorists and cultural commentators of modern times, turns his gaze on consumption. George Ritzer, author of the famous McDonaldization Thesis, demonstrates the irrational consequences of the rational desire to consume and commodify. He examines how McDonaldization might be resisted, and situates the reader in the new cultural spaces that are emerging in society: shopping malls, casino hotels, Disneyfied theme parks and Las Vegas -- the new `cathedrals of consumption' as he calls them. The book shows how new processes of consumption relate to globalization theory. In illuminating discussions of the work of Thorstein Veblen and the French situationists, Ritzer unearths the roots of problems of consumption in older sociological traditions. He indicates how transgression is bound up with consumption, through an investigation of the obscene in popular and postmodern culture.

Explorations in Classical Sociological Theory

Seeing the Social World

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Author: Kenneth Allan

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412978122

Category: Social Science

Page: 451

View: 3814

Explorations in Classical Sociological Theory: Seeing the Social World, Second Edition is an undergraduate sociological theory textbook that introduces the student to the major classical theorists, including Marx, Spencer, Durkheim, Weber, Simmel, Mead, Schutz, Gilman, and Du Bois. The theorists were chosen for the diversity of their perspectives as well as their ability to introduce the student to contemporary theory. Kenneth Allan uses a lively informative writing style to engage the students in the eras of social change that spawned the major sociological theories and then applies them to the current era, which also is experiencing major social change. Features and benefits: · The book includes a glossary of terms. Each of the theorist’s important concepts are highlighted in the text and clear definitions provided in the glossary. This feature is particularly important because theory is made up of terms and concepts and without the use of a glossary, it is very easy for the undergraduate theory student to lose track of the terms and meanings. · While the book is organized primarily around the individual theorist’s perspective, a categorical scheme is also provided so the student can roughly situate the theorists and decide for themselves some of sociology’s big questions. The scheme provided in the book is not the one usually used by textbooks. The more commonly used scheme (conflict, functional, interaction) hides some really important questions that the student needs to consider (for example, is society an object or does it exist only through interpretations?). · The book provides an appendix with complete definitions of most of sociology’s major "perspectives" e.g., critical theory (including feminism, race, and queer theory, postmodernism, and so on), exchange theory, rational choice theory, dramaturgy, ethnomethodology, structuration, network theory, ecological theory, social phenomenology, and so on. · The book introduces the power and poetry of theory by extensive use of original source material from the theorists writings.

Explorations in Classical Sociological Theory: Seeing the Social World

Seeing the Social World

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Author: Kenneth Allan

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412992435

Category: Social Science

Page: 379

View: 449

Continually praised for its conversational tone, personal examples, and helpful pedagogical tools, the exciting Third Edition of Kenneth Allan's Explorations in Classical Sociological Theory: Seeing the Social World has been reorganized around the modern ideas of progress, knowledge, and democracy. With a historical thread woven throughout the chapters, the book presents a diverse selection of major classical theorists: marx, Spencer, Durkheim, Weber, Simmel, Mead, Schutz, Martineau Gilman, Du Bois, and Parsons. Author Kenneth Allan focuses on the specific views of each theorist, rather than schools of thought, and highlights modernity and postmodernity to help readers understand how classical theory applies to their lives.

Self, Social Structure, and Beliefs

Explorations in Sociology

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Author: Jeffrey C. Alexander,Gary T. Marx,Christine L. Williams

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520241374

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 4886

Annotation This is an exploration of the creative work done by leading sociologists who were inspired by the scholarship of Neil Smelser.

Dance, Modernity, and Culture

Explorations in the Sociology of Dance

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Author: Helen Thomas

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: 9780415087940

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 206

View: 6301

First published in 1995. Routledge is an imprint of Taylor & Francis, an informa company.

Explorations in Pragmatic Economics

Selected Papers of George A. Akerlof (and Co-authors).

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Author: George A. Akerlof

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 9780199253906

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 514

View: 8741

Akerlof's substantial introduction to this volume tells the story of these papers, connecting them and showing how his later work has built upon his early contributions, in many cases improving their arguments, their subtlety, and their usefulness today.

Explorations in the Sociology of Language and Religion

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Author: Tope Omoniyi,Joshua A. Fishman

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027293376

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 347

View: 5015

The Sociology of Language and Religion (SLR) is still in its infancy as a sub-discipline in the macrosociolinguistic tradition. It is therefore no coincidence that the editorial collaboration to produce its first definitive text Explorations in the Sociology of Language and Religion has involved Joshua A. Fishman, often cited in the literature as one of the founders of the Sociology of Language. Tope Omoniyi brings to the collaboration an insightful and incisive critical eye for engaging with diversity in the treatment of language and religion. Together as editors they have successfully midwived the birth of SLR. The studies and debates contained in this volume revisit those themes that both of the contributory disciplines of Sociology of Language and Religion have common interest in. The contributing authors explore new methodologies and paradigms of analysis that they deem appropriate for this interesting and complex interface in an attempt to demonstrate how the shared interests of these disciplines impact social practices in various communities around the world. The ultimate objective of the discussions is to fashion tools for creating a body of new knowledge that supports the emergence of a better society. Towards this end, the authors have harnessed resources from varied geographical, cultural, linguistic and religious constituencies without compromising analytical depth. In the process, they have opened up new areas of sociolinguistic inquiry. The volume is thus presented as a highly useful reference resource both for undergraduate and postgraduate scholarship.

Informality

Social Theory and Contemporary Practice

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Author: Barbara Misztal

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134730276

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

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For most of the twentieth century, modernity has been characterised by the formalisation of social relations as face to face interactions are replaced by impersonal bureaucracy and finance. As we enter the new millennium, however, it becomes increasingly clear that it is only by stepping outside these formal structures that trust and co-operation can be created and social change achieved. In a brilliant theoretical tour de force, illustrated with sustained case studies of changing societies in the former eastern Europe and of changing forms of interaction within so-called virtual communities, Barbara Misztal, argues that only the society that achieves an appropriate balance between the informality and formality of interaction will find itself in a position to move forward to further democratisation and an improved quality of life.

Explorations in Social Theory

From Metatheorizing to Rationalization

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Author: George Ritzer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 0761967729

Category: Social Science

Page: 303

View: 8402

George Ritzer is one of the leading social and cultural commentators of the present day. In this essential new book he considers some of the main tendencies in contemporary social theory. Included here are Ritzer's latest reflections on the uses and misuses of metatheory. According to Ritzer, sociology is a multiparadigm science. The differences and intensities of rivalries between paradigms are often very confusing for students and even for professional sociologists. This book seeks to find a way out of the confusion by sketching out the lineaments of a new integrated sociological paradigm and demonstrates how this paradigm can be applied. It shows the various ways in which Ritzer has developed rationalization theory to shed light on professional integration, the shape of consumer culture, hyperrationality and the state of sociology today.

Economic Sociology

A Systematic Inquiry

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Author: Alejandro Portes

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 307

View: 7185

The sociological study of economic activity has witnessed a significant resurgence. Recent texts have chronicled economic sociology's nineteenth-century origins while pointing to the importance of context and power in economic life, yet the field lacks a clear understanding of the role that concepts at different levels of abstraction play in its organization. Economic Sociology fills this critical gap by surveying the current state of the field while advancing a framework for further theoretical development. Alejandro Portes examines economic sociology's principal assumptions, key explanatory concepts, and selected research sites. He argues that economic activity is embedded in social and cultural relations, but also that power and the unintended consequences of rational purposive action must be factored in when seeking to explain or predict economic behavior. Drawing upon a wealth of examples, Portes identifies three strategic sites of research--the informal economy, ethnic enclaves, and transnational communities--and he eschews grand narratives in favor of mid-range theories that help us understand specific kinds of social action. The book shows how the meta-assumptions of economic sociology can be transformed, under certain conditions, into testable propositions, and puts forward a theoretical agenda aimed at moving the field out of its present impasse.

Annual Review of Sociology

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Author: Karen S. Cook,John Hagan

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780824322298

Category: Social Science

Page: 649

View: 9163

Twenty-four articles by 38 scholars, primarily American, are organized into sections on theory and methods, social processes, institutions and culture, formal organizations, political and economic sociology, differentiation and stratification, individual and society, demography, urban and rural comm

Politics and Policy Making in Education

Explorations in Sociology

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Author: Stephen J. Ball

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136670521

Category: Education

Page: 4

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Based on interviews with key actors in the policy-making process, this book maps the changes in education policy and policy making in the Thatcherite decade. The focus of the book is the 1988 Education Reform Act, its origins, purposes and effects, and it looks behind the scenes at the priorities of the politicians, civil servants and government advisers who were influential in making changes. Using direct quotations from senior civil servants and former secretaries of state it provides a fascinating insight into the way in which policy is made. The book focuses on real-life political conflicts, examining the way in which education policy was related to the ideal of society projected by Thatcherism. It looks in detail at the New Right government advisers and think tanks; the industrial lobby, addressing issues such as the National Curriculum, national testing and City Technical Colleges. The author sets these important issues within a clear theoretical framework which illuminates the whole process of policy making.

Explorations in New Cinema History

Approaches and Case Studies

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Author: Richard Maltby,Daniel Biltereyst,Philippe Meers

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444396404

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 352

View: 4099

Explorations in New Cinema History brings together cutting-edge research by the leading scholars in the field to identify new approaches to writing and understanding the social and cultural history of cinema, focusing on cinema’s audiences, the experience of cinema, and the cinema as a site of social and cultural exchange. Includes contributions from Robert Allen, Annette Kuhn, John Sedwick, Mark Jancovich, Peter Sanfield, and Kathryn Fuller-Seeley among others Develops the original argument that the social history of cinema-going and of the experience of cinema should take precedence over production- and text-based analyses Explores the cinema as a site of social and cultural exchange, including patterns of popularity and taste, the role of individual movie theatres in creating and sustaining their audiences, and the commercial, political and legal aspects of film exhibition and distribution Prompts readers to reassess their understanding of key periods of cinema history, opening up cinema studies to long-overdue conversations with other disciplines in the humanities and social sciences Presents rigorous empirical research, drawing on digital technology and geospatial information systems to provide illuminating insights in to the uses of cinema

Quantitative Explorations in Drug Abuse Policy

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Author: I. Leveson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401177155

Category: Medical

Page: 191

View: 3352

IRVING LEVESON The 19608 was a period of rapid social and economic change, coupled with spectacular growth in the role of government in dealing with social issues. The demands of public programs and policies created enormous pressures for improved information and analyses. In the field of drug abuse these pressures were compounded by the rapid rise of drug use and the absence of much critical information and analysis. The most elementary steps to develop a data base were just beginning, and many years of effort would be required before the accumulation of knowledge could produce. a strong foundation for public policy. There has been enormous progress in improving knowledge about drug abuse since the mid-1960s. However, as in many fields, research has concentrated on a few questions while others largely are ignored, and even where studies exist there are problems of assimilation. Information is widely dispersed, not always accessible and often not in the most useful form. Many analysts do not have adequate understanding of the ways in which studies might enter into policy development, while at the same time, persons responsible for policy formation often do not have sufficient knowledge of how to use research to help resolve policy issues. A major objective of this volume is to illustrate the formation of linkages which may bridge the gap between research and policy.