Ireland Before and After the Famine

Explorations in Economic History, 1800-1925


Author: Cormac Ó Gráda

Publisher: Manchester University Press

ISBN: 9780719040351

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 224

View: 1873

This edition of Cormac O'Grada's study expands upon his central arguments about the agricultural and demographic developments surrounding the Great Irish Famine. It provides new statistical information, new appendices and integrated responses to the new research and writing on the subject that has appeared since the publication of the first edition in 1987.

In Search of Stability

Explorations in Historical Political Economy


Author: Charles S. Maier

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521346986

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 4371

In Search of Stability: Explorations in Historical Political Economy ponders the issue of how Western industrial societies overcame major challenges to political and economic stability in the twentieth century. Successive essays ask: what ideological messages did American influence transmit to Europe after World War I, then again after World War II? Did Nazis and Italian fascists share an economic ideology or impose a unique economic system in the interwar period and during World War II? How do their accomplishments stack up comparatively against those of the liberal democracies? After 1945, what was the relationship between concepts of productivity and class division? How have the major experiences of twentieth-century inflation arisen out of class and interest-group rivalry? Most generally, what has been the representation of interests in capitalist political economies?

Explorations in Historical Geography

Interpretative Essays


Author: Alan R. H. Baker,Derek Gregory

Publisher: CUP Archive

ISBN: 0521249686

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 7824

This interdisciplinary 1984 volume extends the debate about the purpose and practice of historical geography.

Explorations in Economic Growth


Author: Sakari Heikkinen,J. L. van Zanden

Publisher: Aksant Academic Pub


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 384

View: 6941

The quest for economic growth has been one of the great global issues since the Second World War. Indeed, economic growth has also been one of the great themes of the discipline of economic history. The processes and causes of "modern economic growth," using the title of Simon Kuznets' famous book, have puzzled economic historians for at least the last half a century--and they still do, as this collection of essays shows. Over the past 50 years, historical national accounting has become a major tool of economic historians for analyzing the process of economic growth overall. The construction and application of historical national accounts has been one of the most dynamic branches of economic history. This volume contains a series of articles by members of the international network that has, in the past quarter of a century, continued and elaborated upon the research program that emerged as a result of the ground breaking research by Clark. Kuznets, Solow, and Swan. In the 1980s the network becamerather well organized--for example, as a result of the stimulating influence of Angus Maddison and his colleagues at Groningen University--which resulted in series of workshops and conferences, as well as sessions at several international economic history congresses (Milan, 1994; Madrid, 1998; Buenos Aires, 2002). The aim of this volume is to evaluate the current state of the field, present new findings and analytical tools, and to reevaluate the research agenda of the network.

Explorations in OEEC History


Author: OECD

Publisher: OECD Publishing

ISBN: 9264067973


Page: 281

View: 7790

This book examines the major moments punctuating OEEC history from the original offer of Marshall Aid in 1947 to the decision to create the OECD in 1960.

Routledge Handbook of Major Events in Economic History


Author: Randall E. Parker,Robert M. Whaples

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135080801

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 456

View: 5247

The Handbook of Major Events in Economic History aims to introduce readers to the important macroeconomic events of the past two hundred years. The chapters endeavour to explain what went on and why during the most significant economic epochs of the nineteenth, twentieth and early twenty-first centuries and how where we are today fits in this historical timeline. Its short chapters reflect the most up-to-date research and are written by well-known economists who are authorities on their subjects. The Handbook of Major Events in Economic History was written with the intent of presenting the professional consensus in explaining the economics driving these historical events.

Routledge Handbook of Modern Economic History


Author: Robert Whaples,Randall E. Parker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415677041

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 352

View: 4357

The Routledge Handbook of Modern Economic History aims to introduce readers to important approaches and findings of economic historians who study the modern world. Its short chapters reflect the most up-to-date research and are written by well-known economic historians who are authorities on their subjects. Modern economic history blends two approaches – Cliometrics (which focuses on measuring economic variables and explicitly testing theories about the historical performance and development of the economy) and the New Institutional Economics (which focuses on how social, cultural, legal and organizational norms and rules shape economic outcomes and their evolution). Part 1 of the Handbook introduces these approaches and other important methodological issues for economic history. The most fundamental shift in the economic history of the world began about two and a half centuries ago when eons of slow economic change and faltering economic growth gave way to sustained, rapid economic expansion. Part 2 examines this theme and the primary forces economic historians have linked to economic growth, stagnation and fluctuations – including technological change, entrepreneurship, competition, the biological environment, war, financial panics and business cycles. Part 3 examines the evolution of broad sectors that typify a modern economy including agriculture, banking, transportation, health care, housing, and entertainment. It begins by examining an equally important "sector" of the economy which scholars have increasingly analyzed using economic tools – religion. Part 4 focuses on the work force and human outcomes including inequality, labor markets, unions, education, immigration, slavery, urbanization, and the evolving economic roles of women and African-Americans. The text will be of great value to those taking economic history courses as well as a reference book useful to professional practitioners, policy makers and the public.

The New Economic History of the Railways (Routledge Revivals)


Author: Patrick O'Brien

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317576896

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 122

View: 9131

The book, first published in 1977, contrasts new and older approaches to the history of transport and outlines a critical exposition of the methods used to quantify the contribution of railways to economic growth by means of counterfactual speculation and the measurement of social savings. The author also outlines and appraises an alternative measure of the impact of railways, namely the social rate of return on capital invested in railways. The final chapters are concerned with the effects on growth generated by the construction and diffusion of railways through expenditure on labour, capital goods and industrial inputs and through their effects on the integration of markets, and patterns of location.

Explorations in History and Globalization


Author: Cátia Antunes,Karwan Fatah-Black

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317243838

Category: History

Page: 278

View: 2583

Considering the ways in which the ‘global turn’ is changing the theory and practice of historical disciplines, Explorations in History and Globalization engages with the concept and methodology of globalization, challenging traditional divisions of space and time to offer a range of perspectives on how globalization has affected social, economic, political and cultural history. Each chapter covers a specific theme, discussing how globalization has shaped these themes and how they have contributed to globalization throughout history. Including topics such as ecological exchanges, trade, exchanges of knowledge, migration, empire and urbanization, this volume both explains historical trajectories through a global analytical framework and provides tools that students can employ when posing their own research questions about historical globalization. Containing suggestions for further reading and guidance on the ways in which primary source material can be used as a basis for global historical studies, this is the ideal volume for all students interested in the global exchanges between people throughout history.

Research in Economic History


Author: Alexander J. Field,Gregory Clark

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0762309938

Category: Political Science

Page: 405

View: 2737

This volume includes seven papers in quantitative economic history. Four were accepted through our regular channels. These include Harald Edquist and Magnus Henrekson on Technological Breakthroughs and Productivity Growth, Scott Redenius on New National Bank Loan Rate Estimates, 1887-1975, Ebru Guven Solakoglu on the Net Effect of Railroads on Stature in the Post Bellum Economy, and Pedro Lains on Growth in a Protected Environment, Portugal, 1850?? 1950. Three papers are from a 2004 conference,??Towards a Global History of Prices and Wages.??? These include Metin Cosgel on Agricultural Productivity in the Early Ottoman Empire, Johan S??derberg on Grain Prices in Cairo and Europe in the Middle Ages, and Jun Seong Ho and James Lewis on Wages, Rents, and Interest Rates in Southern Korea, 1700 to 1900.

An Economic History of Film


Author: Michael Pokorny,John Sedgwick

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134344295

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 368

View: 8348

The movie industry boomed in the twentieth century, and is still going strong today. However, the economics of movies has been curiously under explored until now. Innovative and informative, this accessible book, which includes contributions from some of the leading experts in the area, is a huge step forward in our understanding of this important topic.

Quantitative Economic History

The Good of Counting


Author: Joshua L. Rosenbloom

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135977852

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 9736

The essays in this book use the analytical tools and theoretical framework of economics to interpret quantitative historical evidence, offering new ways to approach historical issues and suggesting entirely new types of evidence outside conventional archives. Rosenbloom has gathered together seven essays from leading quantitative economic historians, illustrating the breadth of scope and continued importance of quantitative economic history. All of the chapters explore in one way or another the economic and social transformations associated with the emergence of an industrial and post-industrial economy, with most focusing on the transformations of the US economy in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries, the technological innovations that factored into this transformation and the relationship between industrialization and rising wealth inequality.

Enterprise and Trade in Victorian Britain

Essays in Historical Economics


Author: D. N. McCloskey

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134558341

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 232

View: 3787

The essays in this book focus on the controversies concerning Britain's economic performance between the mid-nineteenth century and the First World War. The overriding theme is that Britain's own resources were consistently more productive, more resilient and more successful than is normally assumed. And if the economy's achievement was considerable, the influence on it of external factors (trade, international competition, policy) were much less significant than is normally supposed. The book is structured as follows: Part One: The Method of Historical Economics Part Two: Enterprise in Late Victorian Britain Part Three: Britain in the World Economy, 1846-1913.


A New Economic History, 1780-1939


Author: Cormac O Grada,Cormac Ó Gráda

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198205988

Category: Social Science

Page: 536

View: 6806

Cormac � Gr�da unites historical research with economic theory in this original and stimulating book, which will be essential reading for all students of Irish history. Within a broadly chronological framework, Ireland offers a fresh, comprehensive examination of all the well-known puzzles of Irish economic history including the inevitability of the Famine, the role of land tenure in agricultural backwardness, and the failure of the economy to industrialize. O'Gr�da's account is both accessible, with technical discussion kept to a minimum, and intellectually exciting.

Famines in European Economic History

The Last Great European Famines Reconsidered


Author: Declan Curran,Lubomyr Luciuk,Andrew G. Newby

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317483111

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 268

View: 3316

This volume explores economic, social, and political dimensions of three catastrophic famines which struck mid-nineteenth and early-twentieth century Europe; the Irish Famine (An Gorta Mór ) of 1845–1850, the Finnish Famine (Suuret Nälkävuodet) of the 1860s and the Ukrainian Famine (Holodomor) of 1932/1933. In addition to providing new insights into these events on international, national and regional scales, this volume contributes to an increased comparative historiography in historical famine studies. The parallel studies presented in this book challenge and enhance established understandings of famine tragedies, including: famine causation and culpability; social and regional famine vulnerabilities; core–periphery relationships between nations and regions; degrees of national autonomy and self-sufficiency; as well as famine memory and identity. Famines in European Economic History advocates that the impact and long-term consequences of famine for a nation should be understood in the context of evolving geopolitical relations that extend beyond its borders. Furthermore, regional structures within a nation can lead to unevenness in both the severity of the immediate famine crisis and the post-famine recovery. This book will be of interest to those in the fields of economic history, European history and economic geography.