Experiments in Green and Sustainable Chemistry

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Author: Herbert W. Roesky,Dietmar Kennepohl

Publisher: Wiley-VCH

ISBN: 9783527325467

Category: Science

Page: 307

View: 7119

Encouraging a new attitude and approach to chemistry, this is the first such collection designed for lab courses and experimental teaching. Experts from around the globe present over 40 real-life teaching experiments, all clearly structured and divided into the five main principles of sustainable and green chemistry: catalysis, solvents, high yield and one-pot synthesis, limiting waste and exposure, as well as special topics. With a foreword by Nobel prize winner Jean Marie Lehn.

Green Organic Chemistry in Lecture and Laboratory

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Author: Andrew P. Dicks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1439840776

Category: Science

Page: 298

View: 8538

The last decade has seen a huge interest in green organic chemistry, particularly as chemical educators look to "green" their undergraduate curricula. Detailing published laboratory experiments and proven case studies, this book discusses concrete examples of green organic chemistry teaching approaches from both lecture/seminar and practical perspectives. The experienced contributors address such topics as the elimination of solvents in the organic laboratory, organic reactions under aqueous conditions, organic reactions in non-aqueous media, greener organic reagents, waste management/recycling strategies, and microwave technology as a greener heating tool. This reference allows instructors to directly incorporate material presented in the text into their courses. Encouraging a stimulating organic chemistry experience, the text emphasizes the need for undergraduate education to: Focus on teaching sustainability principles throughout the curriculum Be flexible in the teaching of green chemistry, from modification of an existing laboratory experiment to development of a brand-new course Reflect modern green research areas such as microwave reactivity, alternative reaction solvents, solvent-free chemistry, environmentally friendly reagents, and waste disposal Train students in the "green chemistry decision-making" process Integrating recent research advances in green chemistry research and the Twelve Principles of Organic Chemistry into the lecture and laboratory environments, Green Organic Chemistry in Lecture and Laboratory highlights smaller, more cost-effective experiments with minimized waste disposal and reduced reaction times. This approach develops a fascinating and relevant undergraduate organic laboratory experience while focusing on real-world applications and problem-solving.

Green Organic Chemistry and its Interdisciplinary Applications

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Author: Vera M. Kolb

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1315354578

Category: Science

Page: 175

View: 5435

Green Organic Chemistry and Its Interdisciplinary Applications covers key developments in green chemistry and demonstrates to students that the developments were most often the result of innovative thinking. Using a set of selected experiments, all of which have been performed in the laboratory with undergraduate students, it demonstrates how to optimize and develop green experiments. The book dedicates each chapter to individual applications, such as Engineering The chemical industry The pharmaceutical industry Analytical chemistry Environmental chemistry Each chapter also poses questions at the end, with the answers included. By focusing on both the interdisciplinary applications of green chemistry and the innovative thinking that has produced new developments in the field, this book manages to present two key messages in a manner where they reinforce each other. It provides a single and concise reference for chemists, instructors, and students for learning about green organic chemistry and its great and ever-expanding number of applications.

Problem-Solving Exercises in Green and Sustainable Chemistry

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Author: Albert S. Matlack,Andrew P. Dicks

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482252589

Category: Science

Page: 175

View: 8593

When confronted with a problem in science, the way to proceed is not always obvious. The problem may seem intractable or there may be many possible solutions, with some better than others. Problem-Solving Exercises in Green and Sustainable Chemistry teaches students how to analyze and solve real-world problems that occur in an environmental context, and it encourages creativity in developing solutions to situations based on events that have actually taken place. The problems described in this book are relevant and stimulating in learning and understanding the principles of green and sustainable chemistry. They address various aspects of the field, including: Toxicity Waste generation and disposal Chemical accidents Energy efficiency New policy development The final chapter contains proposed solutions to the presented problems and provides commentaries and references to relevant literature. This book also prompts students to become more comfortable with the idea of multiple "correct" answers to problems. It emphasizes the reality that green chemistry is about making practical decisions and weighing multiple factors that are often conflicting, thus making it difficult or impossible to apply one perfect solution to a given situation. Problem-Solving Exercises in Green and Sustainable Chemistry prepares students to solve challenging problems, whether as green chemists, as architects designing energy-efficient buildings, or as environmentally-conscious citizens.

Green Chemistry for Environmental Remediation

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Author: Rashmi Sanghi,Vandana Singh

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111828772X

Category: Science

Page: 800

View: 2591

The book presents an in depth review from eminent industry practitioners and researchers of the emerging green face of multidimensional environmental chemistry. Topics such as green chemistry in industry, green energy: solar photons to fuels, green nanotechnology and sustainability, and green chemistry modeling address a wide array of iusses encouraging the use of economical ecofriendly benign technologies, which not only improve the yield, but also illustrates the concept of zero waste, a subject of interest to both chemists and environmentalists alike.

Domino Reactions

Concepts for Efficient Organic Synthesis

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Author: Lutz F. Tietze

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527671323

Category: Science

Page: 648

View: 8037

The follow-up to the successful "Domino Reaction in Organic Synthesis", this ready reference brings up to date on the original concept. The chapters have been arranged according to the name of well-known transformations of the first step and in combination with the formed products. Each chapter is written by an internationally renowned expert, and the book is edited by L. F. Tietze, who established the concept of domino reactions. The one-stop source for all synthetic chemists to improve the synthetic efficiency and allow an ecologically and economically beneficial preparation of every chemical compound.

Environmental Chemistry

Green Chemistry and Pollutants in Ecosystems

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Author: Eric Lichtfouse

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540228608

Category: Nature

Page: 780

View: 3207

Environmental chemistry is a new, fast developing science aimed at deciphering fundamental mechanisms ruling the behaviour of pollutants in ecosystems. Applying this knowledge to current environmental issues leads to the remediation of environmental media, and to new, low energy, low emission, sustainable processes. This book describes the state-of-the-art advances regarding the pollution of water, soils, atmosphere, food and living organisms by toxic metals, fossil fuels, pesticides and other organic pollutants. Furthermore, the eco-toxicology section presents novel bio-assays to assess the toxicity of various pollutants such as dioxins and endocrine disrupters within complex media. The green chemistry section highlights novel chemical reactions based upon environmentally friendly conditions. The analytical chemistry section describes very sensitive methods which trace the fate of pollutants in complex ecosystems.

The Role of Ecological Chemistry in Pollution Research and Sustainable Development

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Author: Ali Mufit Bahadir,Gheorghe Duca

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 904812901X

Category: Science

Page: 308

View: 7235

Sustainable Development has become the leading concept of the 21 century. It describes a development, which agrees with the needs of the present generation but does not endanger the chances of the coming generations to satisfy also their needs. “Sustainable development” has become an important general goal for all fields of life like economy, ecology and social balance. The development and shaping of our future has been discussed internationally like on the summits of the Conferences in Rio and in Johannesburg. But this is also a topic on national base in various countries. Leading authorities in various fields of economy and politics have also accepted this concept. Although the concept of sustainable development has been generally accepted, there are still problems how to achieve and evaluate these general goals. It is clear that the definitions about the prime needs vary from man to man, from country to country and from continent to continent. But pollution does not respect national borders. Therefore, it is necessary to develop the politics of economy, ecology and social demands by a synergistic way that they are strengthened by each other. If it is not possible to stop tendencies, which threaten the future quality of life, the cost demands of societies will dramatically increase and negative tendencies will become irreversible.

Chemische Kabinettstücke

spektakuläre Experimente und geistreiche Zitate

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Author: Herbert W. Roesky,Klaus Möckel

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Science

Page: 314

View: 1382

'Where shall we position these masterpieces of the chemical demonstrator's art? Somewhere between white magic and science. Somewhere between gripping theater and chemistry. Somewhere between circus and the Zen koan... The remarkable achievement of Herbert Roesky's and Klaus Mockel's book is the linkage it achieves between the world of the human spirit, expressed in literature and historical continuity, and the art of chemical demonstration. One expects Goethe to move freely in the pages of 'Chemische Kabinettstucke', but Whitman, Nietzsche, Thomas Mann, Salvador Dali, Montaigne, and the prophet Jeremiah! They serve too, authentically and ingeniously, in the authors' deeply humanistic approach to science. The chemical and literary strands of this book are so ably intertwined.' Roald Hoffmann Nobel Laureate in Chemistry Cornell University, Ithaca

Chemie der Nichtmetalle

Synthesen - Strukturen - Bindung – Verwendung

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Author: Ralf Steudel

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110307979

Category: Science

Page: 614

View: 5439

This classic textbook provides a survey of the chemistry of all non-metallic elements. A sophisticated introduction to the theories of chemical bonding forms the foundation for the systematic examination of each element. The topics covered include syntheses, structures, as well as the practical importance of nonmetal chemistry to chemical technology and environmental protection.

Green Chemical Processes

Developments in Research and Education

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Author: Mark Anthony Benvenuto

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110437236

Category: Science

Page: 156

View: 4078

The "greening" of industry processes - i.e., making them more sustainable - is a popular and often lucrative trend which has seen increased attention in recent years. Green Chemical Processes, the 2nd volume of Green Chemical Processing, covers the hot topic of sustainability in chemistry with a view to education, as well as considering corporate and environmental interests, e.g. in the context of energy production. The diverse team of authors allows for a balance between these different, but interconnected perspectives. The American Chemical Society’s 12 Principles of Green Chemistry are woven throughout this text as well as the series to which this book belongs.

Novel Process Windows

Innovative Gates to Intensified and Sustainable Chemical Processes

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Author: Volker Hessel,Dana Kralisch,Norbert Kockmann

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527654844

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 344

View: 6769

This book introduces the concept of novel process windows, focusing on cost improvements, safety, energy and eco-efficiency throughout each step of the process. The first part presents the new reactor and process-related technologies, introducing the potential and benefit analysis. The core of the book details scenarios for unusual parameter sets and the new holistic and systemic approach to processing, while the final part analyses the implications for green and cost-efficient processing. With its practical approach, this is invaluable reading for those working in the pharmaceutical, fine chemicals, fuels and oils industries.

Aqueous Microwave Assisted Chemistry

Synthesis and Catalysis

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Author: Vivek Polshettiwar,Rajender S. Varma

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1849730385

Category: Science

Page: 228

View: 989

The demands for green and sustainable synthetic methods in the fields of healthcare and fine chemicals, combined with the pressure to produce these substances expeditiously and in an environmentally benign fashion, pose significant challenges to the synthetic chemical community. Green chemistry can avoid pollution by utilizing techniques that are environmentally friendly by design and one of the best green techniques is the use of microwave (MW) assisted aqueous synthetic protocols. Fusing MW technique with water (as a benign reaction medium) can offer an extraordinary synergistic effect with greater potential than these two individual components in isolation. Selective microwave heating can be exploited to develop a high yield protocol and the use of water expedites the MW-protocol with more energy efficiency. This book provides an overview of the various processes developed using aqueous microwave chemistry and is written for chemists, chemical engineers and researchers in the early stages who want to develop sustainable and green processes. Written by well known microwave experts, the book is a comprehensive examination of the field and is the first book that deals strictly with aqueous microwave chemistry and represents a significant effort towards green chemistry. It covers all the microwave-assisted aqueous reactions in depth, including heterocycle synthesis, metal catalysis, enzyme catalysis, polymer synthesis, nanomaterials synthesis and nano-catalysis. Each chapter contains representative experimental procedures, helping the reader quickly replicate some of the experiments to gain hands-on experience.

Worldwide Trends in Green Chemistry Education

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Author: Vânia Zuin,Liliana Mammino

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781849739498

Category: Education

Page: 345

View: 4905

Educating the next generation of chemists about green chemistry issues, such as waste minimisation and clean synthesis, is vital for environmental sustainability. This book aims to enable green issues to be taught from the underlying principles of all chemistry courses rather than in isolation. Chapters contributed by green chemistry experts from across the globe with experience in teaching at different academic levels are carefully edited to provide a coherent overview of possible approaches to incorporate green chemistry into existing curriculums. Importantly, green chemistry is placed in the context of broader sustainability developments and useful laboratory experiments and in-class activities to aid teaching are included. Furthermore, the connections between the general objectives of green chemistry education and the design of pedagogical options are highlighted throughout enabling readers to design personalised options most apt for their own context. The contents are split into three sections. The first introduces sustainability and green chemistry education, explores the meaning of sustainable development and provides an overview of different models to integrate sustainability with chemistry education. The second and third parts focus on high school green chemistry education initiatives and green chemistry education at undergraduate and post-graduate levels. This book will provide a valuable resource for chemical educators worldwide who wish to integrate green chemistry into chemical education in a systematic and holistic way. It will also be of interest to anyone wanting to learn more about the different approaches adopted around the world in sustainability education.

Handbook of Green Analytical Chemistry

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Author: de la Guardia,Salvador Garrigues

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 111994094X

Category: Science

Page: 544

View: 1843

The emerging field of green analytical chemistry is concerned with the development of analytical procedures that minimize consumption of hazardous reagents and solvents, and maximize safety for operators and the environment. In recent years there have been significant developments in methodological and technological tools to prevent and reduce the deleterious effects of analytical activities; key strategies include recycling, replacement, reduction and detoxification of reagents and solvents. The Handbook of Green Analytical Chemistry provides a comprehensive overview of the present state and recent developments in green chemical analysis. A series of detailed chapters, written by international specialists in the field, discuss the fundamental principles of green analytical chemistry and present a catalogue of tools for developing environmentally friendly analytical techniques. Topics covered include: Concepts: Fundamental principles, education, laboratory experiments and publication in green analytical chemistry. The Analytical Process: Green sampling techniques and sample preparation, direct analysis of samples, green methods for capillary electrophoresis, chromatography, atomic spectroscopy, solid phase molecular spectroscopy, derivative molecular spectroscopy and electroanalytical methods. Strategies: Energy saving, automation, miniaturization and photocatalytic treatment of laboratory wastes. Fields of Application: Green bioanalytical chemistry, biodiagnostics, environmental analysis and industrial analysis. This advanced handbook is a practical resource for experienced analytical chemists who are interested in implementing green approaches in their work.

The Algebra of Organic Synthesis

Green Metrics, Design Strategy, Route Selection, and Optimization

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Author: John Andraos

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1420093290

Category: Science

Page: 1221

View: 9042

The Algebra of Organic Synthesis combines the aims, philosophies, and efforts involved in organic synthesis, reaction optimization, and green chemistry with techniques for determining quantitatively just how "green" synthesis plans are. It provides the first complete quantitative description of synthesis strategy analysis in the context of green chemistry and reaction optimization. Providing what is perhaps the first complete description of synthesis strategy analysis, this book: Explores quantitative material efficiency for synthesizing molecules, including 1,000+ worked out synthesis plans to important target molecules Explains, in simple language, the most useful ideas in graph theory that have direct application in organic synthesis Reinforces the value of simple mathematical analysis in organic synthesis to help any synthetics or process chemist understand presented ideas and apply them to their own work Illustrates concepts with example target plans to classical targets that are considered milestones in synthetic chemistry, from pharmaceuticals, industrial commodity chemicals, dyestuffs, agrichemicals, flavorings, natural products, and molecules of theoretical interest The accompanying CD-ROM includes a reproduction of the tables in the book, with direct electronic links to files for all plans. Files contain a list of references for each plan, including secondary references for the synthesis of starting materials if applicable. Ancillary materials also include a complete synthesis scheme with fully balanced chemical equations, a synthesis tree, a summary of green metrics parameters, a target bond map and list of reagents that end up in the target molecule, and a series of graphs that offer a visual depiction of the plan performance.

Photochemistry and Photophysics

Concepts, Research, Applications

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Author: Vincenzo Balzani,Paola Ceroni,Alberto Juris

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527671048

Category: Science

Page: 504

View: 5732

This textbook covers the spectrum from basic concepts of photochemistry and photophysics to selected examples of current applications and research. Clearly structured, the first part of the text discusses the formation, properties and reactivity of excited states of inorganic and organic molecules and supramolecular species, as well as experimental techniques. The second part focuses on the photochemical and photophysical processes in nature and artificial systems, using a wealth of examples taken from applications in nature, industry and current research fields, ranging from natural photosynthesis, to photomedicine, polymerizations, photoprotection of materials, holography, luminescence sensors, energy conversion, and storage and sustainability issues. Written by an excellent author team combining scientific experience with didactical writing skills, this is the definitive answer to the needs of students, lecturers and researchers alike going into this interdisciplinary and fast growing field.