Experiment!

Planning, Implementing and Interpreting

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Author: Oivind Andersson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118311019

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 9899

Experiments are the most effective way to learn about the world.By cleverly interfering with something to see how it reacts we areable to find out how it works. In contrast to passive observation,experimenting provides us with data relevant to our research andthus less time and effort is spent separating relevant fromirrelevant information. The art of experimentation is often learnt by doing, so anintuitive understanding of the experimental method usually evolvesgradually through years of trial and error. This book speeds up thejourney for the reader to becoming a proficientexperimenter. Organized in two parts, this unique text begins by providing ageneral introduction to the scientific approach toexperimentation. It then describes the processes and toolsrequired, including the relevant statistical and experimentalmethods. Towards the end of the book a methodology ispresented, which leads the reader through the three phases of anexperiment: ‘Planning’, ‘Data Collection’,and ‘Analysis and Synthesis’. Experiment! Provides an excellent introduction to the methodology andimplementation of experimentation in the natural, engineering andmedical sciences Puts practical tools into scientific context Features a number of selected actual experiments to explorewhat are the key characteristics of good experiments Includes examples and exercises in every chapter This book focuses on general research skills, such as adopting ascientific mindset, learning how to plan meaningful experiments andunderstanding the fundamentals of collecting and interpreting data.It is directed to anyone engaged in experiments, especially Ph.D.and masters students just starting to create and develop their ownexperiments.

Handbuch Online-Forschung

Sozialwissenschaftliche Datengewinnung und -auswertung in digitalen Netzen

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Author: Martin Welker,Monika Taddicken,Jan-Hinrik Schmidt,Nikolaus Jackob

Publisher: Herbert von Halem Verlag

ISBN: 3869621281

Category: Social Science

Page: 592

View: 2721

Die Online-Forschung ist eine besondere Disziplin: Das Internet ist sowohl Gegenstand als auch hauptsächliches Medium der Forschungen. Durch technische Entwicklungen befindet sich die Online-Forschung zudem im dynamischen Wandel: Die Weiterentwicklung der Analysemethoden, neue Auswertungsinstrumente und die wissenschaftliche Untersuchung des Social Web haben das Forschungsfeld verändert. Das Handbuch Online-Forschung bietet einen gut verständlichen Überblick über die sozialwissenschaftlich motivierte, internetgestützte Datengewinnung und deren Auswertung. In einer kompakten Darstellungsweise wird die gesamte Breite des Feldes sowohl theorie- als auch praxisbezogen bearbeitet und erlaubt einen akademischen und praktischen Überblick. Die Bandbreite der Themen reicht von den Grundlagen der Online-Forschung über Forschung im Social Web - auch im Zusammenhang mit dem Thema Forschungsethik - bis zu Praxisthemen wie Online-Mitarbeiterbefragungen oder die Umsetzung von Befragungen von Kindern. Wesentlich sind die Online-Inhaltsanalyse sowie mobile, standardisierte und repräsentative Online-Befragungen. Der Band beinhaltet aktuelle Themen und Entwicklungen, so z.B. Aspekte des Datenschutzes und Potenziale durch das Social Web, andererseits resümiert das Handbuch die Erträge, die über die Jahre erarbeitet wurden - wie Fragen der Repräsentativität, Panel-Forschung oder den Umgang mit schwierigen Befragtengruppen. Zur Zielgruppe gehören Sozialwissenschaftler, Ökonomen, Psychologen an Fachhochschulen und Universitäten, welche Methoden und Instrumente des Feldes reflektieren und anwenden, genauso wie Mitarbeiter und Projektverantwortliche von Unternehmen und Institutionen, die an der Entwicklung oder Anwendung von Online-Forschung beteiligt sind. Genau diese Interdisziplinarität und Relevanz in akademischer Forschung und Praxis waren auch bei der Zusammensetzung der Autoren ein wichtiges Kriterium.

Planning, Implementing, and Evaluating Targeted Communication Programs

A Manual for Business Communicators

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Author: Gary W. Selnow,William D. Crano

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780899302089

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 291

View: 8233

This book is well documented, well written, well researched and is up-to-date. It is non-sexist. It is more than a manual for business communicators.' It is more than a book of how to's.' And it is more than a book of do's and don'ts. The authors and contributors skillfully draw upon a broad range of social sciences literature and their personal communication experience, both of which make this book invaluable in our understanding of the relationship between communication theory and practice. Beyond that, they offer clear guidelines for effective public communication. "Public Relations Review" This book discusses the strategy of targeted communication and explains the steps necessary to plan and implement an effective information program. Selnow and Crano both place their recommendations in a communication theory and research perspective and show them to have practical application in real-world programs. They deal not only with the how to's, but with the why's as well.

Experimental Design for Formulation

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Author: Wendell F. Smith

Publisher: SIAM

ISBN: 0898715806

Category: Science

Page: 367

View: 7437

Gender-Structured Population Modeling: Mathematical Methods, Numerics, and Simulations gives a unified presentation of and mathematical framework for modeling population growth by couple formation.

Der stumme Frühling

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Author: Rachel Carson

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406704220

Category: Nature

Page: 348

View: 3869

Der stumme Frühling erschien erstmals 1962. Der Titel bezieht sich auf das eingangs erzählte Märchen von der blühenden Stadt, in der sich eine seltsame, schleichende Seuche ausbreitet … Das spannend geschriebene Sachbuch wirkte bei seinem Erscheinen wie ein Alarmsignal und avancierte rasch zur Bibel der damals entstehendenÖkologie-Bewegung. ZumerstenMal wurde hier in eindringlichem Appell die Fragwürdigkeit des chemischen Pflanzenschutzes dargelegt. An einer Fülle von Tatsachen machte Rachel Carson seine schädlichen Auswirkungen auf die Natur und die Menschen deutlich. Ihre Warnungen haben seither nichts von ihrer Aktualität verloren.

Statistical Design and Analysis of Experiments

With Applications to Engineering and Science

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Author: Robert L. Mason,Richard F. Gunst,James L. Hess

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471458511

Category: Mathematics

Page: 760

View: 1251

Emphasizes the strategy of experimentation, data analysis, and theinterpretation of experimental results. Features numerous examples using actual engineering andscientific studies. Presents statistics as an integral component of experimentationfrom the planning stage to the presentation of theconclusions. Deep and concentrated experimental design coverage, withequivalent but separate emphasis on the analysis of data from thevarious designs. Topics can be implemented by practitioners and do not require ahigh level of training in statistics. New edition includes new and updated material and computeroutput.

Proceedings of the 2nd European Simulation Congress, Sept. 9-12, 1986, The Park Hotel, Antwerp, Belgium

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Author: Philippe Geril

Publisher: VSP

ISBN: 9789067640954

Category: Architecture

Page: 807

View: 6888

This Proceedings volume deals with the uses and problems of simulation in a wide variety of fields and provides a comprehensive overview of the subject. The 130 internationally contributed papers cover the methodologies and algorithms of simulation techniques and simulation tools --- including both hardware and software. The simulation of well-defined systems is covered, as is the simulation of ill-defined systems. In addition to the more advanced methodologies and new mathematical concepts discussed here emphasis is given to the advanced information processing techniques. Advanced information processing encompasses the nonconventional data processing (multiprocessor and pipelining techniques) the automation of data acquisition (information base management systems), as well as the automation of the reasoning process and the knowledge acquisition (knowledge based systems). Such techniques will allow research workers to concentrate on the disciplinary aspects of the implemented problem, rather than on computer implementation and programming aspects.

Die Grundsätze wissenschaftlicher Betriebsführung

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Author: Frederick Winslow Taylor,R. Roesler

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3861957132

Category:

Page: 96

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Fredericks W. Taylors Werk "Die Grunds tze wissenschaftlicher Betriebsf hrung" ist einer der wichtigsten betriebswirtschaftlichen Klassiker. Das Buch von Taylor (1856-1915) begr ndet den Taylorismus, der den richtigen Bewegungsablauf aus umfangreichen Zeit- und Arbeitsstudien ermittelte. Taylor untersuchte als Inginieur verschiedene Unternehmen und bewirkte in diesen Branchen deutliche Verbesserungen.

Experimental Learning in Production Management

IFIP TC5 / WG5.7 Third Workshop on Games in Production Management: The effects of games on developing production management 27–29 June 1997, Espoo, Finland

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Author: Riitta Smeds,J. Smeds

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0387353542

Category: Computers

Page: 168

View: 764

This book is based on the presentations at the Third Workshop on Games in Production Management, The Effects of Games on Developing Production Management, held in Espoo, Finland, June 27-29, 1997. The workshop was organized by the Special Interest Group on Games of IFIP Working Group 5.7, which is coordinated by Professor Jens Riis. The Special Interest Group aims to enhance learning in production management in academia and in industry, through the development, application and research of simulation games. Currently, the Special Interest Group is developing a catalogue of games in production management, which will be available on the Internet. The two previous workshops of the Special Interest Group were held in Aalborg and in Sf/lnderborg, and a workshop and exhibition of simulation games was arranged in connection with the APMS '96 Conference in Kyoto in November 1996. In these workshops, various simulation games have been presented, experimented, and discussed, and experiences exchanged. As a result, a network of researchers and teachers interested in games has been created. The third workshop with participants from ten countries further expanded and strengthened the network, and created ideas for potential joint research projects in simulation for learning in production management. The workshop was sponsored by the IFIP Working Group 5.7 on Computer Aided Production Management Systems, Helsinki University of Technology, the Finnish Graduate School of Industrial Management, and the City of Espoo, which we gratefully acknowledge.

Manual for the Planning and Implementation of Therapeutic Studies

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Author: S. Biefang,W. Köpcke,M.A. Schreiber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642932371

Category: Medical

Page: 103

View: 9515

The German edition of this manual appeared in 1979. Its main objective then was to extend help to those engaged in multiaentric therapeutic studies, especially with respect to the "Federal Government's Program on Promoting Research and Development in the Service of Health". Experience with therapeutic studies in the Federal Republic of Germany showed that considerable problems as to methods and implementation of such studies exist. The manual was an attempt to present current metho dological knowledge and the experience obtained from completed studies in the light of the international literature. No radically new methodo logy was produced; however, the information representing the state-of the art, which is widely scattered up to now, has been compiled. For the American edition of this manual a few changes have been made. These concern especially the literature where references to German un published manuscripts were omitted. The authors wish to thank Dr. Andreas Jaffe for the translation, and Evelyn Birke who typewrited the lecture-notes manuscrip~ • . GUnzburg and Munich Sibylle Biefang November 1981 Wolfgang Kopcke Martin A. Schreiber Contents Page Foreword 1. Methods of Therapeutic Studies 2 1. 1. Terminology 4 1. 2. Experimental Design 11 1. 3. Types of Studies 20 1. 4. Steps in Drug Testing 2. Checklist for the Planning, Implementation and Evaluation 22 of Therapeutic Studies 22 2. 1. Planning of Experiments 29 2. 2. Documentation 36 2. 3. Organization 41 2. 4. Statistical Analysis 44 2. 5.

Analyzing and Interpreting Ethnographic Data

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Author: Margaret Diane LeCompte,Jean J. Schensul

Publisher: Rowman Altamira

ISBN: 9780761989745

Category: Social Science

Page: 243

View: 4900

Book Five of the Ethnographer's Toolkit series provides the reader with a variety of methods for transforming piles of fieldnotes, observations, audio and videotapes, questionnaires, surveys, documents, maps, and other kinds of data into research results that help people understand their world more fully and facilitate problem solving. Using methods common to qualitative and quantitative methods, this slim volume discusses ways of organizing, retrieving, rendering manageable, and interpreting the data through everything from simple statistics to narratives, graphic representation to triangulation. The volume keeps a continuous focus on producing results that can be used in policy and programmatic settings.

Science Cultivating Practice

A History of Agricultural Science in the Netherlands and its Colonies, 1863–1986

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Author: H. Maat

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401729549

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 1103

Science Cultivating Practice is an institutional history of agricultural science in the Netherlands and its overseas territories. The focus of this study is the variety of views about a proper relationship between science and (agricultural) practice. Such views and plans materialised in the overall organisation of research and education. Moreover, the book provides case studies of genetics and plant breeding in the Netherlands, colonial rice breeding, and agricultural statistics. Ideas affected the organisation as much as the other way round. The net result was an institutional development in which the values of academic science were rated higher than the values of practice. This book is a distinctive piece of work as it treats the dynamics of science in a European as well as in a colonial context. These different ecological and social environments lead to other forms of knowledge and experimentation as well as other ways of organising science.

Social Experimentation

a Method for Planning and Evaluating Social Intervention

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Author: Henry W. Riecken,Robert F. Boruch

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1483269957

Category: Social Science

Page: 358

View: 4573

Social Experimentation: A Method for Planning and Evaluating Social Intervention summarizes the available knowledge about how randomized experiments might be used in planning and evaluating ameliorative social programs. The book presents various aspects of social experimentation - design, measurement, execution, sponsorship, and utilization of results. Chapters are devoted to topics on experimentation as a method of program planning and evaluation; experimental design and analysis; institutional and political factors in social experimentation; and aspects of time and institutional capacity. Sociologists will find the book a valuable piece of reference.