Lithic Analysis

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Author: George H. Odell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441990097

Category: Social Science

Page: 262

View: 1872

This practical volume does not intend to replace a mentor, but acts as a readily accessible guide to the basic tools of lithic analysis. The book was awarded the 2005 SAA Award for Excellence in Archaeological Analysis. Some focuses of the manual include: history of stone tool research; procurement, manufacture and function; assemblage variability. It is an incomparable source for academic archaeologists, cultural resource and heritage management archaeologists, government heritage agencies, and upper-level undergraduate and graduate students of archaeology focused on the prehistoric period.

Encyclopedia of the Arctic

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Author: Mark Nuttall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136786805

Category: Reference

Page: 2380

View: 9375

With detailed essays on the Arctic's environment, wildlife, climate, history, exploration, resources, economics, politics, indigenous cultures and languages, conservation initiatives and more, this Encyclopedia is the only major work and comprehensive reference on this vast, complex, changing, and increasingly important part of the globe. Including 305 maps. This Encyclopedia is not only an up-to-date interdisciplinary work of reference for all those involved in teaching or researching Arctic issues, but a fascinating and comprehensive resource for residents of the Arctic, and all those concerned with global environmental issues, sustainability, science, and human interactions with the environment.

Recent advances in Applied Microbiology

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Author: Pratyoosh Shukla

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811052751

Category: Medical

Page: 290

View: 5206

This book is a one-stop reference resource, presenting recent research in various emerging areas of microbiology, including microbial biotechnology, microbes in health, microbial interactions, agricultural microbiology and computational approaches. Recent discoveries in microbiology have created a great deal of interest among researchers around the globe, and as as such the book discusses a number of important research topics, such as microbial enzymes and nanoparticles, bacterial polyhydroxyalkanoates, biosurfactant aided bioprocessing, autophagy and microbial pathogenesis, multidrug resistant bacteria, probiotics, rhizosphere, metal tolerant bacteria, plant- beneficial environmental bacteria and therapeutic applications of fungal chondroitinase. It serves as a valuble resource for masters, doctoral and postdoctoral researchers in life sciences, as well as scientists involved in various interdisciplinary research areas. It also provides useful material for higher-level graduate courses in microbiology and biotechnology.

Planning Production and Inventories in the Extended Enterprise

A State of the Art Handbook

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Author: Karl G. Kempf,Pınar Keskinocak,Reha Uzsoy

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441964854

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 650

View: 7185

In two volumes, Planning Production and Inventories in the Extended Enterprise: A State of the Art Handbook examines production planning across the extended enterprise against a backdrop of important gaps between theory and practice. The early chapters describe the multifaceted nature of production planning problems and reveal many of the core complexities. The middle chapters describe recent research on theoretical techniques to manage these complexities. Accounts of production planning system currently in use in various industries are included in the later chapters. Throughout the two volumes there are suggestions on promising directions for future work focused on closing the gaps.

Homo Symbolicus

The Dawn of Language, Imagination and Spirituality

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Author: Christopher Stuart Henshilwood,Francesco D'Errico

Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing

ISBN: 9027211892

Category: Social Science

Page: 237

View: 9685

The emergence of symbolic culture, classically identified with the European cave paintings of the Ice Age, is now seen, in the light of recent groundbreaking discoveries, as a complex nonlinear process taking root in a remote past and in different regions of the planet. In this book the archaeologists responsible for some of these new discoveries, flanked by ethologists interested in primate cognition and cultural transmission, evolutionary psychologists modelling the emergence of metarepresentations, as well as biologists, philosophers, neuro-scientists and an astronomer combine their research findings. Their results call into question our very conception of human nature and animal behaviour, and they create epistemological bridges between disciplines that build the foundations for a novel vision of our lineage's cultural trajectory and the processes that have led to the emergence of human societies as we know them.

Beyond Foraging and Collecting

Evolutionary Change in Hunter-Gatherer Settlement Systems

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Author: Ben Fitzhugh,Junko Habu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461505437

Category: Social Science

Page: 442

View: 3917

This volume includes new research on the theoretical implications regarding the mechanisms of change in the geographical distribution of hunter-gatherer settlement and land use. It focuses on the long-term changes in the hunter-gatherer settlement on a global scale, including research from several continents. It will be of interest to archaeologists and cultural anthropologists working in the field of the forager/ collector model throughout the world.

Managing Nano-Bio-Info-Cogno Innovations

Converging Technologies in Society

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Author: William Sims Bainbridge

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402041075

Category: Science

Page: 378

View: 5111

With the convergence of Nanotechnology, Biotechnology, Information technology and Cognitive science (NBIC) fields promising to change our competitive, operational, and employment landscape in fundamental ways, we find ourselves on the brink of a new technological and science-driven business revolution. The already emerging reality of convergence is to be found in genomics, robotics, bio-information and artificial intelligence applications, such as: • Self-assembled, self-cleaning and self-healing manufactured materials and textiles, and much stronger, lighter and more customizable structural materials, • Miniature sensors allowing unobtrusive real-time health monitoring and dramatically improved diagnosis; with greatly enhanced real time information to vehicles and drivers on the way, • New generations of supercomputers and efficient energy generators based on biological processes, • Greatly enhanced drug delivery from unprecedented control over fundamental structural properties and biocompatibility of materials. These advances are here already, or in development. And Japan, other Asian nations and Western European countries are investing heavily and moving aggressively to develop and apply NBIC technologies. Notwithstanding the passage of the 21st Century Nanotechnology Research and Development Act, significant further funding and action by both government and private industry will be critical to maintaining US scientific and industry leadership.

Impact of Climate Change on Water and Health

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Author: Velma I. Grover

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1466577509

Category: Science

Page: 426

View: 4849

Since the hydrological cycle is so intricately linked to the climate system, any change in climate impacts the water cycle in terms of change in precipitation patterns, melting of snow and ice, increased evaporation, increased atmospheric water vapor and changes in soil moisture and run off. Consequently, climate change could result in floods in some areas and droughts in others resulting in varying availability and the quality of water affects the quality of life, food security and also health security. This book examines the impact of climate change on water as well as health.

The Soils of Egypt

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Author: Hassan El-Ramady,Tarek Alshaal,Noura Bakr,Tamer Elbana,Elsayed Mohamed,Abdel-Aziz Belal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319955160

Category: Nature

Page: 227

View: 1313

This book reviews the distribution of soils across Egypt, their history, genesis, pollution and management. The conservation of Egyptian soils, soils and their connections to human activities, as well as some future soil issues are also highlighted. It is well known that soil is the main source for food, feed, fuel and fiber production. Accordingly, the study of soils is not only a crucial issue but also an urgent task for all nations worldwide. Due to their important roles in agroecosystems as well as many aspects of our lives, soils have direct and indirect functions in the agricultural, industrial and medicinal sectors. Therefore, understanding the physical, chemical and biological properties of soils, as well as soil security, have now become emerging issues. Climate change has a very dangerous dimension in Egypt concerning the rising sea level. Many coastal zones are already threatened by this sea level rise, and may ultimately disappear. At the same time, water shortages and soil pollution represent the main challenges for the Egyptian nation. Generally speaking, the environmental challenges that Egypt now faces include improving and sustaining soil health, soil carbon sequestration, wastewater treatment, and avoiding the overuse of fertilizers and pesticides. Therefore, this book examines in detail the soils of Egypt from various perspectives including their genesis, history, classification, pollution and degradation, soil security, soil fertility and land uses.

Defining and measuring sustainability

the biogeophysical foundations

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Author: Mohan Munasinghe,Walter Shearer

Publisher: World Bank

ISBN: 9780821331347

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 440

View: 7234

Introdução à definição e medição de sustentabilidade biogeofísica compreendo os artigos de background, estudos de casos e ecossistemas gerenciados.

History of Oriental Astronomy

Proceedings of the Joint Discussion-17 at the 23rd General Assembly of the International Astronomical Union, organised by the Commission 41 (History of Astronomy), held in Kyoto, August 25–26, 1997

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Author: S.M. Ansari

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401598622

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 1385

Proceedings of the Joint Discussion-17 at the 23rd IAU General Assembly, organised by the Commission 41, held in Kyoto, Japan, August 25-26, 1997

Arctic Sustainability Research

Past, Present and Future

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Author: Andrey N Petrov

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 1351614630

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 6259

The Arctic is one of the world's regions most affected by cultural, socio-economic, environmental, and climatic changes. Over the last two decades, scholars, policymakers, extractive industries, governments, intergovernmental forums, and non-governmental organizations have turned their attention to the Arctic, its peoples, resources, and to the challenges and benefits of impending transformations. Arctic sustainability is an issue of increasing concern as well as the resilience and adaptation of Arctic societies to changing conditions. This book offers key insights into the history, current state of knowledge and the future of sustainability, and sustainable development research in the Arctic. Written by an international, interdisciplinary team of experts, it presents a comprehensive progress report on Arctic sustainability research. It identifies key knowledge gaps and provides salient recommendations for prioritizing research in the next decade. Arctic Sustainability Research will appeal to researchers, academics, and policymakers interested in sustainability science and the practices of sustainable development, as well as those working in polar studies, climate change, political geography, and the history of science.

Global Deserts Outlook

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Author: Exequiel Ezcurra

Publisher: UNEP/Earthprint

ISBN: 9789280727227

Category: Nature

Page: 148

View: 5050

The Global Deserts Outlook presents a panorama of the environmental status of the world's deserts: their location and extent, uniqueness and vulnerability, biodiversity and natural resources. The report provides a balanced picture of deserts as ecosystems which form a special part of the world's natural and cultural heritage, and not simply as land that is the end result of the process of desertification. Few places on earth contain a richer collection of natural adaptations to the environment. Readers are challenged to consider the development potential of deserts and their conservation needs, to explore what would be the most appropriate and sustainable livelihoods for people living in desert areas. Deserts do not have much water, but they do have other natural resources. The knowledge and technology exist to manage these resources sustainably; the challenge lies with determining and implementing appropriate actions for desirable long-term outcomes

Handbook of Marine Macroalgae

Biotechnology and Applied Phycology

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Author: Se-Kwon Kim

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1119977657

Category: Science

Page: 608

View: 9621

The Handbook of Macroalgae: Biotechnology and Applied Phycology describes the biological, biotechnological and the industrial applications of seaweeds. Vast research into the cultivation of seaweeds is currently being undertaken but there is a lack of methodological strategies in place to develop novel drugs from these sources. This book aims to rectify this situation, providing an important review of recent advances and potential new applications for macroalgae. Focusing on the chemical and structural nature of seaweeds the book brings the potentially valuable bioactive nature to the fore. Novel compounds isolated from seaweeds are reviewed to provide an invaluable reference for anyone working in the field.

Foragers of the Terminal Pleistocene in North America

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Author: Renee Beauchamp Walker,Boyce N. Driskell

Publisher: U of Nebraska Press

ISBN: 0803207646

Category: Science

Page: 345

View: 8960

These essays cast new light on Paleoindians, the first settlers of North America. Recent research strongly suggests that big-game hunting was but one of the subsistence strategies the first humans in the New World employed and that they also relied on foraging and fishing.

Changing the Atmosphere

Expert Knowledge and Environmental Governance

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Author: Clark A. Miller,Paul N. Edwards

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262632195

Category: Political Science

Page: 385

View: 3446

Incorporating historical, sociological, and philosophical approaches, Changing the Atmosphere presents detailed empirical studies of climate science and its uptake into public policy.

The Neglected Sun

Why the Sun Precludes Climate Catastrophe

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Author: Fritz Vahrenholt,Sebastian Lüning

Publisher: Stacey International Publishers

ISBN: 9781909022249

Category: Science

Page: 412

View: 7345

In this momentous book, Professor Fritz Vahrenholt and Dr Sebastian Luning demonstrate that the critical cause of global temperature change has been, and continues to be, the sun's activity.

The Cosmic Code

Quantum Physics as the Language of Nature

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Author: Heinz R. Pagels

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486485064

Category: Science

Page: 370

View: 3451

" This is one of the most important books on quantum mechanics ever written for lay readers, in which an eminent physicist and successful science writer, Heinz Pagels, discusses and explains the core concepts of physics without resorting to complicated mathematics. "Can be read by anyone. I heartily recommend it!" -- New York Times Book Review. 1982 edition"--

Across Five Aprils

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Author: Irene Hunt

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 9781101127940

Category: Young Adult Fiction

Page: 192

View: 6630

The unforgettable story of young Jethro Creighton who comes of age during the turbulent years of the Civil War. "An intriguing and beautifully written book, a prize to those who take the time to read it, whatever their ages."—The New York Times "This is a beautifully written book, filled with bloodshed, hate, and tears, but also with love, loyalty, and compassion, with unforgettable characters, and with ideas and implications that have meaning for young people today."—Chicago Tribune "A powerfully moving story about the Creighton family of Southern Illinois and their personal struggles in the War Between the States."—Chicago Daily News "Drawing from family records and from stories told by her grandfather, the author has, in an uncommonly fine narrative, created living characters and vividly reconstructed a crucial period of history."—ALA Booklist "An impressive book both as a historically authenticated Civil War novel and as a beautifully written family story...The realistic treatment of the intricate emotional conflicts within a border-state family is superb. The details of battles and campaigns are deftly integrated into letters and conversations, and the characters are completely convincing."—University of Chicago Center for Children's Books From the Paperback edition.