Excavating Modernity

The Roman Past in Fascist Italy

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Author: Joshua Arthurs

Publisher: Cornell University Press

ISBN: 0801468833

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 4280

The cultural and material legacies of the Roman Republic and Empire in evidence throughout Rome have made it the "Eternal City." Too often, however, this patrimony has caused Rome to be seen as static and antique, insulated from the transformations of the modern world. In Excavating Modernity, Joshua Arthurs dramatically revises this perception, arguing that as both place and idea, Rome was strongly shaped by a radical vision of modernity imposed by Mussolini's regime between the two world wars. Italian Fascism's appropriation of the Roman past-the idea of Rome, or romanità- encapsulated the Fascist virtues of discipline, hierarchy, and order; the Fascist "new man" was modeled on the Roman legionary, the epitome of the virile citizen-soldier. This vision of modernity also transcended Italy's borders, with the Roman Empire providing a foundation for Fascism's own vision of Mediterranean domination and a European New Order. At the same time, romanità also served as a vocabulary of anxiety about modernity. Fears of population decline, racial degeneration and revolution were mapped onto the barbarian invasions and the fall of Rome. Offering a critical assessment of romanità and its effects, Arthurs explores the ways in which academics, officials, and ideologues approached Rome not as a site of distant glories but as a blueprint for contemporary life, a source of dynamic values to shape the present and future.

Excavating Modernity

Physical, Temporal and Psychological Strata in Literature, 1900-1930

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Author: Eleanor Dobson,Gemma Banks

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0429847300

Category: History

Page: 182

View: 1125

This book scrutinizes physical, temporal and psychological strata across early twentieth-century literature, focusing on geological and archaeological tropes and conceptions of the stratified psyche. The essays explore psychological perceptions, from practices of envisioning that mimic looking at a painting, photograph or projected light, to the comprehension of the palimpsestic complexities of language, memory and time. This collection is the first to see early twentieth-century physical, temporal and psychological strata interact across a range of canonical and popular authors, working in a variety of genres, from theatre to ghost stories, children’s literature to modernist magna opera.

The Conquest of Ruins

The Third Reich and the Fall of Rome

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Author: Julia Hell

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022658822X

Category: History

Page: 576

View: 7962

The Roman Empire has been a source of inspiration and a model for imitation for Western empires practically since the moment Rome fell. Yet, as Julia Hell shows in The Conquest of Ruins, what has had the strongest grip on aspiring imperial imaginations isn’t that empire’s glory but its fall—and the haunting monuments left in its wake. Hell examines centuries of European empire-building—from Charles V in the sixteenth century and Napoleon’s campaigns of the late seventeenth and early eighteenth centuries to the atrocities of Mussolini and the Third Reich in the 1930s and ’40s—and sees a similar fascination with recreating the Roman past in the contemporary image. In every case—particularly that of the Nazi regime—the ruins of Rome seem to represent a mystery to be solved: how could an empire so powerful be brought so low? Hell argues that this fascination with the ruins of greatness expresses a need on the part of would-be conquerors to find something to ward off a similar demise for their particular empire.

Archaeology and the Letters of Paul

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Author: Laura Salah Nasrallah

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191081744

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 7954

Archaeology and the Letters of Paul illuminates the social, political, economic, and religious lives of those to whom the apostle Paul wrote. Roman Ephesos provides evidence of slave traders and the regulation of slaves; it is a likely setting for household of Philemon, to whom a letter about the slave Onesimus is addressed. In Galatia, an inscription seeks to restrain the demands of travelling Roman officials, illuminating how the apostolic travels of Paul, Cephas, and others disrupted communities. At Philippi, a list of donations from the cult of Silvanus demonstrates the benefactions of a community that, like those in Christ, sought to share abundance in the midst of economic limitations. In Corinth, a landscape of grief extends from monuments to the bones of the dead, and provides a context in which to understand Corinthian practices of baptism on behalf of the dead and the provocative idea that one could live"as if not" mourning or rejoicing. Rome and the Letter to the Romans are the grounds for an investigation of ideas of time and race not only in the first century, when we find an Egyptian obelisk inserted as a timepiece into the mausoleum complex of Augustus, but also of a new Rome under Mussolini that claimed the continuity of Roman racial identity from antiquity to his time and sought to excise Jews. Thessalonikē and the early Christian literature associated with the city demonstrates what is done out of love for Paul-invention of letters, legends, and cult in his name. The book articulates a method for bringing together biblical texts with archaeological remains. This method reconstructs the lives of the many adelphoi—brothers and sisters—whom Paul and his co-writers address. Its project is informed by feminist historiography and gains inspiration from thinkers such as Claudia Rankine, Judith Butler, Giorgio Agamben, Wendy Brown, and Katie Lofton.

Narrating War

Early Modern and Contemporary Perspectives

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Author: Marco Mondini,Massimo Rospocher

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Military history

Page: 277

View: 7899

International Cultural Centre Cracow

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Author: International Cultural Centre (Kraków, Poland)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: International cooperation

Page: N.A

View: 8981

Bulletin

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Germany

Page: N.A

View: 8151

Excavating New York

George Bellow's Landscapes of Modernity

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Author: Sarah Michele Newman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: New York (N.Y.)

Page: 638

View: 4822

Sound Figures of Modernity

German Music and Philosophy

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Author: Jost Hermand,Gerhard Richter

Publisher: Univ of Wisconsin Press

ISBN: 029921933X

Category: Music

Page: 280

View: 1435

The rich conceptual and experiential relays between music and philosophy—echoes of what Theodor W. Adorno once called Klangfiguren, or "sound figures"—resonate with heightened intensity during the period of modernity that extends from early German Idealism to the Critical Theory of the Frankfurt School. This volume traces the political, historical, and philosophical trajectories of a specifically German tradition in which thinkers take recourse to music, both as an aesthetic practice and as the object of their speculative work. The contributors examine the texts of such highly influential writers and thinkers as Schelling, Schopenhauer, Nietzsche, Bloch, Mann, Adorno, and Lukács in relation to individual composers including Beethoven, Wagner, Schönberg, and Eisler. Their explorations of the complexities that arise in conceptualizing music as a mode of representation and philosophy as a mode of aesthetic practice thematize the ways in which the fields of music and philosophy are altered when either attempts to express itself in terms defined by the other. Contributors: Albrecht Betz, Lydia Goehr, Beatrice Hanssen, Jost Hermand, David Farrell Krell, Ludger Lütkehaus, Margaret Moore, Rebekah Pryor Paré, Gerhard Richter, Hans Rudolf Vaget, Samuel Weber

Encountering Modernity

Twentieth Century South African Cinemas

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Author: Keyan G. Tomaselli

Publisher: Rozenberg Publishers

ISBN: 9051708866

Category: Apartheid

Page: 204

View: 1779

Romanticism, History, and the Possibilities of Genre

Re-forming Literature 1789-1837

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Author: Tilottama Rajan,Julia M. Wright

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521028361

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 308

View: 7236

Romanticism has often been associated with the mode of lyric, or otherwise confined within mainstream genres. As a result, we have neglected the sheer diversity and generic hybridity of a literature that ranged from the Gothic novel to the national tale, from monthly periodicals to fictionalized autobiography. In this volume leading scholars of the period explore the ways in which the Romantics developed genre from a taxonomical given into a cultural category, so as to make it the scene of an ongoing struggle between fixed norms and new initiatives. Focusing on non-canonical writers (such as Thelwall, Godwin and the novelists of the 1790s), or placing authors such as Wordsworth and Byron in a non-canonical context, these essays explore the psychic and social politics of genre from a variety of theoretical perspectives, while the introduction looks at how genre itself was rethought by Romantic criticism.

Excavating Mormon pasts

the new historiography of the last half century

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Author: Newell G. Bringhurst,Lavina Fielding Anderson

Publisher: Greg Kofford Books Inc

ISBN: N.A

Category: Religion

Page: 442

View: 3456

The historiography of Mormonism's first hundred years consisted of a loud but fairly simple debate between two voices: faithful Mormonism and anti-Mormonism. The advent of the New Mormon History after World War II-- launched by such works as Leonard Arrington's Great Basin Kingdom, Fawn Brodie's No Man Knows My History, Robert Flanders' Nauvoo: Kingdom on the Mississippi, and Juanita Brooks' Mountain Meadows Massacre--created a more complex, polyvocal discussion. This nuanced dialogue is, after fifty years, only swelling in number of participants, methodological sophistication, respect for primary sources, and consideration of the full range of participants in the many Mormon stories. Excavating Mormon Pasts assembles sixteen knowledgeable scholars from both the Latter-day Saint and the Community of Christ traditions who have long participated skillfully in this dialogue. It presents their insightful and sometimes incisive surveys of where the New Mormon History has come from and which fields remain unexplored. They include Klaus J. Hansen, David L. Paulsen, Roger D. Launius, Stephen C. LeSueur, Glen M. Leonard, Craig L. Foster, M. Guy Bishop, Jessie L. Embry, Kahlile Mehr (heading a team of other international specialists, including Mark L. Grover, Reid L. Neilson, Donald Q. Cannon, and Grant Underwood), Danny L. Jorgensen, Mark A. Scherer, Todd Compton, Martha Sonntag Bradley, Newell G. Bringhurst, Davis Bitton, and Lavina Fielding Anderson. Taking a topical approach, these essays delve into the controversial views of Mormonism's beginnings, the work produced on Mormonism's development during Joseph Smith's lifetime with the divergent paths followed since then, Community of Christ contributions to the explorations--particularly of the shared pre-Martyrdom past, and what may be considered Mormonism's cultural and international flowering. The internal dialogue in this book is vigorous--over exact definitions of the New Mormon History, over which works deserve landmark status and which are peripheral, and over the many questions yet to be answered. Both a vital reference work and a stimulating picture of the New Mormon History in the early twenty-first century, it is also a beguiling invitation for others to join in producing and commenting on Mormon historiography during the next fifty years.

Untimely Ruins

An Archaeology of American Urban Modernity, 1819-1919

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Author: Nick Yablon

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226946657

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 416

View: 9268

American ruins have become increasingly prominent, whether in discussions of “urban blight” and home foreclosures, in commemorations of 9/11, or in postapocalyptic movies. In this highly original book, Nick Yablon argues that the association between American cities and ruins dates back to a much earlier period in the nation’s history. Recovering numerous scenes of urban desolation—from failed banks, abandoned towns, and dilapidated tenements to the crumbling skyscrapers and bridges envisioned in science fiction and cartoons—Untimely Ruins challenges the myth that ruins were absent or insignificant objects in nineteenth-century America. The first book to document an American cult of the ruin, Untimely Ruins traces its deviations as well as derivations from European conventions. Unlike classical and Gothic ruins, which decayed gracefully over centuries and inspired philosophical meditations about the fate of civilizations, America’s ruins were often “untimely,” appearing unpredictably and disappearing before they could accrue an aura of age. As modern ruins of steel and iron, they stimulated critical reflections about contemporary cities, and the unfamiliar kinds of experience they enabled. Unearthing evocative sources everywhere from the archives of amateur photographers to the contents of time-capsules, Untimely Ruins exposes crucial debates about the economic, technological, and cultural transformations known as urban modernity. The result is a fascinating cultural history that uncovers fresh perspectives on the American city.

Mirror of Modernity

Invented Traditions of Modern Japan

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Author: Stephen Vlastos

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520206373

Category: History

Page: 328

View: 3283

This collection of essays challenges the notion that Japan's present cultural identity is the simple legacy of its pre-modern and insular past. Scholars examine "age-old" Japanese cultural practices and show these to be largely creations of the modern era.

Platonism at the Origins of Modernity

Studies on Platonism and Early Modern Philosophy

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Author: Douglas Hedley,Sarah Hutton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402064074

Category: Philosophy

Page: 296

View: 4450

This collection of essays offers an overview of the range and breadth of Platonic philosophy in the early modern period. It examines philosophers of Platonic tradition, such as Cusanus, Ficino, and Cudworth. The book also addresses the impact of Platonism on major philosophers of the period, especially Descartes, Leibniz, Locke, Shaftesbury and Berkeley.

Archaeology and European modernity

producing and consuming the 'Minoans'

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Author: Università di Catania. Centro di archeologia cretese

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 293

View: 3250