Evolutionary Psychiatry

A new beginning

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Author: Anthony Stevens,John Price

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317580486

Category: Psychology

Page: 344

View: 724

Evolutionary Psychiatry was first published in 1996, the second edition followed in 2000. This ground breaking book challenged the medical model which supplied few effective answers to long-standing conundrums. A comprehensive introduction to the science of Darwinian Psychiatry, the second edition included important fresh material on a number of disorders, along with a chapter on research. Anthony Stevens and John Price argue that psychiatric symptoms are manifestations of ancient adaptive strategies which are no longer necessarily appropriate but which can best be understood and treated in an evolutionary and developmental context. Particularly important are the theories Stevens and Price propose to account for the worldwide existence of mood disorders and schizophrenia, as well as offering solutions for such puzzles as paedophilia, sado-masochism and the function of dreams. Readily accessible to both the specialist and non-specialist reader, Evolutionary Psychiatry describes in detail the disorders and conditions commonly encountered in psychiatric practice and shows how evolutionary theory can account for their biological origins and functional nature.? This Classic Edition of the book includes a new preface by Anthony Stevens and a foreword by Paul Gilbert.

Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine

The Origins of Psychopathology

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Author: Martin Brüne

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198717946

Category: Evolutionary psychology

Page: 448

View: 4096

The Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry and Psychosomatic Medicine updates and expands on the original Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry (OUP, 2008) to provide answers to these questions by emphasising an evolutionary perspective on psychiatric and psychosomatic conditions. It explains how the human brain/mind has been shaped by natural and sexual selection; why adaptations to environmental conditions in our evolutionary past may nowadays work in suboptimalways; and how human cognition, emotions, and behaviour can be scientifically framed to improve our understanding of how people try to attain important biosocial goals pertaining to one's status in society,mating, eliciting and providing care, and maintaining rewarding relationships.

Evolutionary Psychiatry, second edition

A New Beginning

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Author: Anthony Stevens,John Price

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317724690

Category: Psychology

Page: 310

View: 5748

Challenging a medical model which has supplied few effective answers to long-standing conundrums, Evolutionary Psychiatry proposes a new conceptual framework for psychiatry based on Darwinian theory. Anthony Stevens and John Price argue that psychiatric symptoms are manifestations of ancient adaptive strategies which are no longer necessarily appropriate but which can best be understood and treated in an evolutionary and developmental context. They propose theories to account for the widespread existence of affective disorders, borderline states and schizophrenia, as well as offering solutions for puzzles such as sadomasochism and the function of dreams. This comprehensive introduction to the new science of Darwinian Psychiatry is readily accessible to both the specialist and non-specialist reader. It describes in detail the disorders and conditions commonly encountered in psychiatric practice and show how evolutionary theory can account for their biological origins and functional nature.

Textbook of Evolutionary Psychiatry

The Origins of Psychopathology

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Author: Martin Brüne

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199207688

Category: Medical

Page: 385

View: 3533

In the past couple of decades, studies investigating the genetic background of psychiatric disorders have mushroomed. Research into the brain mechanisms and regions of the brain involved in certain dysfunctions have greatly improved our knowledge of the relationship between brain pathology and psychopathology. By contrast, we know far less about 'why' certain individuals remain vulnerable to psychiatric disease at all, and whether they were selected by evolutionary forces or simply by-products of other species-specific characteristics. This comprehensive book presents a new integrative approach to understanding psychopathological conditions - an approach that embraces cognition, emotion, behaviour, and their nature-nurture interactions. Central to this approach is the introduction of human evolution into the psychiatric model - psychiatrists need to know why the human mind and brain evolved in the way it did. In three parts, the book presents a comprehensive account of human brain evolution in terms of physical features and function, showing how these relate to our current understanding of psychopathology. Accessibly written, the book shows how a consideration of evolutionary factors in psychiatry can improve our understanding and treatment of specific disorders such as suicidal behaviour, anorexia, and depression.

Religious Beliefs, Evolutionary Psychiatry, and Mental Health in America

Evolutionary Threat Assessment Systems Theory

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Author: Kevin J. Flannelly

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319524887

Category: Social Science

Page: 341

View: 9463

This book provides a new perspective on the association between religious beliefs and mental health. The book is divided into five parts, the first of which traces the development of theories of organic evolution in the cultural and religious context before Charles Darwin. Part II describes the major evolutionary theories that Darwin proposed in his three books on evolution, and the religious, sociological, and scientific reactions to his theories. Part III introduces the reader to the concept of evolutionary psychiatry. It discusses how different regions of the brain evolved over time, and explains that certain brain regions evolved to protect us from danger by assessing threats of harm in the environment, including other humans. Specifically, this part describes: how psychiatric symptoms that are commonly experienced by normal individuals during their everyday lives are the product of brain mechanisms that evolved to protect us from harm; the prevalence rate of psychiatric symptoms in the U.S. general population; how religious and other beliefs influence the brain mechanisms that underlie psychiatric symptoms; and the brain regions that are involved in different psychiatric disorders. Part IV presents the findings of U.S. studies demonstrating that positive beliefs about God and life-after-death, and belief in meaning-in-life and divine forgiveness have salutary associations with mental health, whereas negative beliefs about God and life-after-death, belief in the Devil and human evil, and doubts about one’s religious beliefs have pernicious associations with mental health. The last part of the book summarizes each section and recommends research on the brain mechanism underlying psychiatric symptoms, and the relationships among these brain mechanisms, religious beliefs, and mental health in the context of ETAS Theory.

Good Reasons for Bad Feelings

Insights from the Frontier of Evolutionary Psychiatry

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Author: Randolph M. Nesse, MD

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 1101985682

Category: Medical

Page: 384

View: 1468

A founder of the field of evolutionary medicine uses his decades of experience as a psychiatrist to provide a much-needed new framework for making sense of mental illness. Why do I feel bad? There is real power in understanding our bad feelings. With his classic Why We Get Sick, Dr. Randolph Nesse helped to establish the field of evolutionary medicine. Now he returns with a book that transforms our understanding of mental disorders by exploring a fundamentally new question. Instead of asking why certain people suffer from mental illness, Nesse asks why natural selection has left us all with fragile minds. Drawing on revealing stories from his own clinical practice and insights from evolutionary biology, Nesse shows how negative emotions are useful in certain situations, yet can become overwhelming. Anxiety protects us from harm in the face of danger, but false alarms are inevitable. Low moods prevent us from wasting effort in pursuit of unreachable goals, but they often escalate into pathological depression. Other mental disorders, such as addiction and anorexia, result from the mismatch between modern environment and our ancient human past. And there are good evolutionary reasons for sexual disorders and for why genes for schizophrenia persist. Taken together, these and many more insights help to explain the pervasiveness of human suffering, and show us new paths for relieving it by understanding individuals as individuals.

Philosophical issues in psychiatry III

The Nature and Sources of Historical Change

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Author: Kenneth S. Kendler,Josef Parnas

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191038857

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 5911

Psychiatry has long struggled with the nature of its diagnoses. The problems raised by questions about the nature of psychiatric illness are particularly fascinating because they sit at the intersection of philosophy, empirical psychiatric/psychological research, measurement theory, historical tradition and policy. In being the only medical specialty that diagnoses and treats mental illness, psychiatry has been subject to major changes in the last 150 years. This book explores the forces that have shaped these changes and especially how substantial "internal" advances in our knowledge of the nature and causes of psychiatric illness have interacted with a plethora of external forces that have impacted on the psychiatric profession. It includes contributions from philosophers of science with an interest in psychiatry, psychiatrists and psychologists with expertise in the history of their field and historians of psychiatry. Each chapter is accompanied by an introduction and a commentary. The result is a dynamic discussion about the nature of psychiatric disorders, and a book that is compelling reading for those in the field of mental health, history of science and medicine, and philosophy.

Maladapting Minds

Philosophy, Psychiatry, and Evolutionary Theory

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Author: Pieter R. Adriaens,Andreas De Block

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199558663

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 6247

Ever since Darwin, psychiatrists have been tempted to put evolutionary theory to use in their efforts to understand and explain mental disorders. Varying in success, scope and scientific rigour, these attempts have often caught the attention of philosophers. There are many studies about how the philosophy of psychiatry has been informed by twentieth-century 'continental' philosophy (in focusing on topics such as embodiment, narrativity and gender) as well as 'analytic' philosophy (in focusing on more conceptual issues). Thus far, however, there are simply no studies about how philosophical issues in psychiatric theory and practice can be, and have been informed by evolutionary theory. Maladapting Minds explores the relationship between evolutionary theory and philosophy of psychiatry. In particular, it discusses a number of reasons why philosophers of psychiatry should take an interest in evolutionary explanations of mental disorders, and, more generally, in evolutionarythinking. The many chapters deal with evolutionary accounts of various mental disorders, including phobias, fetishism, developmental disorders, depression, autism spectrum disorders, and schizophrenia. Written by both world-class philosophers, psychologists and evolutionary psychiatrists, this volume illustrates that many debates in contemporary philosophy of psychiatry are profoundly influenced by evolutionary approaches to mental disorders. In doing so, it represents the very first attempts to critically explore the interface between evolutionary theory and philosophy of psychiatry. It is important reading for psychiatrists, philosophers of mind, and evolutionary psychologists.

Psychiatry

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Author: Allan Tasman,Jerald Kay,Jeffrey A. Lieberman,Michael B. First,Michelle Riba

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118753364

Category: Medical

Page: 2768

View: 9484

Now in a new Fourth Edition, Psychiatry remains the leading reference on all aspects of the current practice and latest developments in psychiatry. From an international team of recognised expert editors and contributors, Psychiatry provides a truly comprehensive overview of the entire field of psychiatry in 132 chapters across two volumes. It includes two new sections, on psychosomatic medicine and collaborative care, and on emergency psychiatry, and compares Diagnostic and Statistical Manual (DSM-5) and International Classification of Diseases (ICD10) classifications for every psychiatric disorder. Psychiatry, Fourth Edition is an essential reference for psychiatrists in clinical practice and clinical research, residents in training, and for all those involved in the treatment psychiatric disorders. Includes a a companion website at www.tasmanpsychiatry.com featuring PDFs of each chapter and downloadable images

The Disordered Mind

An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Mental Illness

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Author: George Graham

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135160147

Category: Philosophy

Page: 304

View: 1486

"George Graham is contemporary philosophy’s most gifted and humane writer. The Disordered Mind is a wise, deep, and thorough inquiry into the nature of the human mind and the various ‘creaks, cracks, and crevices’ into which it is prone sometimes to wander." Owen Flanagan, Duke University, USA "The book is a success, it is consistently insightful and humane, and conveys a clear understanding not only of relevant philosophical topics, but also of a much more difficult issue, the relevance of those topics to understanding mental illness." Philip Gerrans, University of Adelaide, Australia "The Disordered Mind is a must read for anyone who is a psychiatrist, psychologist, philosopher, neurologist, or mental health worker. Indeed, it is a must read for any thoughtful person who simply desires to understand more deeply and more realistically the workings of their own mind as well as the workings of the human mind in general." Richard Garrett, Bentley University, USA Mental disorder raises profound questions about the nature of the mind. The Disordered Mind: An Introduction to Philosophy of Mind and Mental Illness is the first book to systematically examine and explain, from a philosophical standpoint, what mental disorder is: its reality, causes, consequences, and more. It is also an outstanding introduction to philosophy of mind from the perspective of mental disorder. Each chapter explores a central question or problem about mental disorder, including: What is mental disorder and can it be distinguished from neurological disorder? What roles should reference to psychological, cultural, and social factors play in the medical/scientific understanding of mental disorder? What makes mental disorders undesirable? Are they diseases? Mental disorder and the mind–body problem Is mental disorder a breakdown of rationality? What is a rational mind? Addiction, responsibility and compulsion Ethical dilemmas posed by mental disorder, including questions of dignity and self-respect. Each topic is clearly explained and placed in both a clinical and philosophical context. Mental disorders discussed include clinical depression, dissociative identity disorder, anxiety, religious delusions, and paranoia. Several non-mental neurological disorders that possess psychological symptoms are also examined, including Alzheimer’s disease, Down’s syndrome, and Tourette’s syndrome. Additional features, such as chapter summaries and annotated further reading, provide helpful tools for those coming to the subject for the first time. Throughout, George Graham draws expertly on issues that cut across philosophy, science, and psychiatry. As such, The Disordered Mind is a superb introduction to the philosophy of mental disorder for students of philosophy, psychology, psychiatry, and related mental health professions. PHILOSOPHY/PSYCHOLOGY

Lieber Freund, aus meinem Leben schreibe ich dir in deines

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Author: Yiyun Li

Publisher: Carl Hanser Verlag GmbH Co KG

ISBN: 3446259775

Category: Fiction

Page: 160

View: 356

„Was für ein langer Weg es ist von einem Leben zu einem anderen: Doch warum schreiben, wenn nicht wegen dieser Distanz.“ Yiyun Li schreibt – ohne je das Wort zu verwenden – über ihren Selbstmordversuch, über das, was es bedeutet, an der Grenze zwischen Leben und Tod zu stehen. Sie kam als Immunologin von China nach Amerika und entdeckte erst dort, dass das Schreiben eine Form des Widerstands gegen die existenzielle Leere sein kann. In diesem zutiefst bewegenden Buch erzählt Yiyun Li von ihren Depressionen und von jenen Büchern von Stefan Zweig, Elizabeth Bishop und William Trevor, die sie aus ihrer Einsamkeit herausgerissen haben. Ein Buch über die lebensspendende Kraft der Literatur.

Evolutionary Explanations of Human Behaviour

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Author: John Cartwright

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 0415241480

Category: Psychology

Page: 196

View: 3059

In recent years, a new discipline has arisen that argues human behaviour can be understood in terms of evolutionary processes. Evolutionary Explanations of Human Behaviour is an introductory level book covering evolutionary psychology, this new and controversial field. The book deals with three main areas: human reproductive behaviour, evolutionary explanations of mental disorders and the evolution of intelligence and the brain. The book is particularly suitable for the AQA-A A2 syllabus, but will also be of interest to undergraduates studying evolutionary psychology for the first time and anyone with a general interest in this new discipline.

Taube oder Falke

Warum wir sind, wie wir sind - und was wir daran ändern können

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Author: Claudia Szczesny-Friedmann

Publisher: Rowohlt Verlag GmbH

ISBN: 3644457719

Category: Psychology

Page: 240

View: 7065

Claudia Szczesny-Friedmann analysiert in diesem Buch evolutionspsychologisch die grundlegenden Strategien im Umgang mit anderen: Kooperation und Konkurrenz. «Tauben» sind kooperativ eingestellt und neigen zu Vorsicht und Rücksicht. «Falken» sind auf Kampf eingestellt und darauf, die überlegene Position zu erringen. Die Kenntnis der unterschiedlichen Verhaltensweisen hilft uns, unser eigenes Repertoire zu erweitern, um flexibel und den Umständen angemessen reagieren zu können. «Tauben» können lernen, dem Impuls zu widerstehen, im Konfliktfall zu fliehen oder sich zu unterwerfen, während «Falken» bei der Durchsetzung ihrer Interessen die Rücksicht auf andere im Blick haben sollten. Die Autorin zeigt, wie wir unser eigenes Verhaltensrepertoire erweitern und so zu einem fairen Umgang mit uns selbst gelangen können.

Angst

Origins of Anxiety and Depression

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Author: Jeffrey P. Kahn

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199796440

Category: Medical

Page: 294

View: 4182

Why do so many people suffer the slings and arrows of outrageous angst? Some twenty percent of us are afflicted with common Anxiety and Depressive disorders. That's not just nervous or scared or sad - that is painful dysfunction without obvious benefit. A new theoretical synthesis suggests that while animals share a set of evolved social instincts, we humans experience commonplace Anxiety and Depressive disorders when we use our reason to defy that biology.

The Pale Criminal

Psychoanalytic Perspectives

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Author: Stephen J. Costello

Publisher: Karnac Books

ISBN: 9781855752955

Category: Psychology

Page: 181

View: 8106

It is Costello's aim to bring a 'unifying vision and theoretical integration' to the array of perspectives and theories in the field of criminality, and examines the contributions of both orthodox and evolutionary psychiatry, and explores the role of family experience in shaping the 'pale criminal'.

International Review of Industrial and Organizational Psychology 1996

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Author: Cary L. Cooper,Ivan T. Robertson

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0471961116

Category: Medical

Page: 332

View: 1143

This is the eleventh in a series of annual volumes which provide authoritative reviews in the field of Industrial and Organizational Psychology. The chapters are written by established experts and the topics are carefully chosen to reflect the major concerns in the research literature and in current practice. Each chapter offers a comprehensive and critical survey of a chosen topic, and is supported by a valuable bibliography. Topics for future volumes in the series will be selected for their importance and relevance at that time, so that the series will be the main authoritative and current guide to important areas and developments in the field of Industrial and Organizational Psychology, for professional psychologists, managers and scholors.

Handbuch Meditation

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Author: Culadasa John Yates

Publisher: Arkana

ISBN: 3641201853

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 560

View: 8543

Das universale Standardwerk zur Meditation. Die Meditation ist der Königsweg zum Erwachen. Sie erlaubt uns, mit zunehmender Übung immer tiefere Zustände der Glückseligkeit, des Friedens und der Erkenntnis zu erreichen, die schließlich in der endgültigen und dauerhaften Befreiung vom Leiden gipfeln. Der Meditationslehrer und promovierte Neurowissenschaftler Culadasa John Yates zeigt in dieser universalen Meditationsanleitung, wie wir Schritt für Schritt unsere Praxis vertiefen können. Das an Erfahrungstiefe und Kenntnisreichtum über die Stufen der Meditation einzigartige Handbuch gestattet es sowohl Einsteigern als auch erfahrenen Meditierenden, allseits bekannte Hindernisse und Probleme – beispielsweise Gedankenwandern, Unachtsamkeit oder Langeweile – zu überwinden, indem die Ursachen erklärt und eingängige Lösungsmethoden vorgestellt werden. Hierbei werden auch aktuelle neurowissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse genutzt. Das neue Standardwerk zur Meditation führt anhand vieler Übungen und Beispiele in erleuchtete Dimensionen des Bewusstseins.

Evolutionäre Psychologie

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Author: David M. Buss

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827370945

Category: Evolution

Page: 599

View: 4876

In den verschiedenen Verhaltenswissenschaften hat sich ein Ansatz etabliert, der als "Neodarwinische Renaissance" angesehen werden kann. Dieser evolutionäre Ansatz breitet sich in jüngster Zeit auch in der Psychologie zunehmend aus. David Buss gilt als einer der Pioniere der evolutionären Psychologie. Die inhaltlichen Schwerpunkte in dem Standardwerk von Buss liegen auf Fragen zu Liebe und Partnerschaft sowie zur Persönlichkeit. Es orientiert sich an den grundlegenden Anpassungsproblemen der Psychologie. Die verschiedenen Teilbereiche der Psychologie werden aus einer evolutionären Perspektive betrachtet.

The Noonday Demon

An Atlas Of Depression

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Author: Andrew Solomon

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN: 1451676883

Category: Psychology

Page: 576

View: 7654

With uncommon humanity, candor, wit, and erudition, award-winning author Andrew Solomon takes the reader on a journey of incomparable range and resonance into the most pervasive of family secrets. His contribution to our understanding not only of mental illness but also of the human condition is truly stunning. The Noonday Demon examines depression in personal, cultural, and scientific terms. Drawing on his own struggles with the illness and interviews with fellow sufferers, doctors and scientists, policymakers and politicians, drug designers and philosophers, Solomon reveals the subtle complexities and sheer agony of the disease. He confronts the challenge of defining the illness and describes the vast range of available medications, the efficacy of alternative treatments, and the impact the malady has had on various demographic populations around the world and throughout history. He also explores the thorny patch of moral and ethical questions posed by emerging biological explanations for mental illness. The depth of human experience Solomon chronicles, the range of his intelligence, and his boundless curiosity and compassion will change the reader's view of the world.