Evolution and Human Behaviour

Darwinian Perspectives on the Human Condition


Author: John Cartwright

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137348011

Category: Science

Page: 520

View: 9097

This comprehensive book offers a compelling synthesis of key ideas and concepts, and addresses in fundamental evolutionary terms the way humans think, feel and behave. This revised, updated and expanded edition includes new material on epigenetics, life history and error management theories, homosexuality, disease and gene-culture co-evolution.

Evolution and Human Behavior

Darwinian Perspectives on Human Nature


Author: John Cartwright

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262531702

Category: Psychology

Page: 376

View: 8618

The book covers fundamental issues such as the origins and function of sexual reproduction, mating behavior, human mate choice, patterns of violence in families, altruistic behavior, the evolution of brain size and the origins of language, the modular mind, and the relationship between genes and culture.

Evolution of Human Behavior


Author: Agustin Fuentes

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195333596

Category: Science

Page: 300

View: 1758

"Author Agustin Fuentes incorporates recent innovations in evolutionary theory with emerging perspectives from genomic approaches, the current fossil record, and ethnographic studies. He examines basic assumptions about why humans behave as they do, the facts of human evolution, patterns of evolutionary change in a global environmental-temporal context, and the interconnected roles of cooperation and conflict in human history. The net result is a text that moves toward a more holistic understanding of the patterns of human evolution and a more integrated perspective on the evolution of human behavior."--BOOK JACKET.

Sense and Nonsense

Evolutionary Perspectives on Human Behaviour


Author: Kevin N. Laland,Gillian R. Brown

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199586969

Category: Medical

Page: 270

View: 572

This book asks whether evolution can help us to understand human behaviour and explores diverse evolutionary methods and arguments. It provides a short, readable introduction to the science behind the works of Dawkins, Dennett, Wilson and Pinker. It is widely used in undergraduate courses around the world.

Evolution and Human Sexual Behavior


Author: Peter B. Gray

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 0674074394

Category: Science

Page: 376

View: 5801

A comprehensive survey of the evolutionary science of human sexual behavior, Evolution and Human Sexual Behavior invites us to imagine human sex from the vantage point of our primate cousins, in order to underscore the role of evolution in shaping all that happens, biologically and behaviorally, when romantic passions are aroused.

Evolution, Human Behaviour and Morality

The Legacy of Westermarck


Author: Olli Lagerspetz,Jan Antfolk,Ylva Gustafsson,Camilla Kronqvist

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 131713821X

Category: Social Science

Page: 250

View: 5680

This book highlights the recent re-emergence of Edward Westermarck's work in modern approaches to morality and altruism, examining his importance as one of the founding fathers of anthropology and as a moral relativist, who identified our moral feelings with biologically-evolved retributive emotions. Questioning the extent to which current debates on the relationship between biology and morality are similar to those in which Westermarck himself was involved, the authors ask what can be learnt from his arguments and from the criticism that he encountered. Drawing on Westermarck's manuscripts and papers as well as his published work, the authors show the importance of situating debates, whether modern or classical, in their correct methodological and philosophical context. This volume is a rigorous assessment of the ways in which morality is connected with human biological nature. It plays close attention to the development of debates in this field and will appeal to scholars of sociology, anthropology and philosophy.

Evolution and Human Behaviour

An Introduction to Darwinian Anthropology


Author: Alex Alland

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135691797

Category: Reference

Page: 368

View: 465

Originally published in 1967. This reprints the second edition of 1973, revised and expanded. Evolution and Human Behaviour considers man’s biological and cultural development within the framework of Darwinian evolution. Rejecting analogue models of biological evolution common in the social sciences, the author shows how the theory of biological evolution applies to the study of contemporary human behaviour.

Evolutionary Ecology and Human Behavior


Author: Eric Alden Smith,Bruce Winterhalder

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 9780202365954

Category: Social Science

Page: 470

View: 1275

Evolutionary ecology has grown into an exciting and dynamic area of research in the biological sciences. Only recently, however, has there been noteworthy progress in adapting theory, concepts, and models from this fi eld for analysis of human behavior and evolution.

The Evolutionary Origin of Human Behavior

How Play and Evolution Carried Us from Our Reptile Predecessors to the Storytellers We Are


Author: Keith C. M. Glegg

Publisher: iUniverse

ISBN: 144011806X

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 5235

Up until now, there has been no explanation of how the outer layers of human behavior helped drive the evolution of ancient reptiles into modern-day humans. How did behavioral phenomena such as play, learning by copying, language, REM sleep, and storytelling influence the development of humanity as a whole? The development of play was particularly important in the evolutionary process, as it provided the bridge between the instinctive brains of reptiles to the powerful brains of birds and mammals. Play, however, is just one factor that can help explain evolution and the development of human behavior. In this book, you'll consider a gamut of issues, including Evolutionary stages The paradox of animals that feed on animals The importance and repercussions of copy-learning Primitive games The emergence of sleep The scientific community needs to think in new ways to accurately look at human evolutionary history. Take that leap, and consider new explanations of old behavior as you read The Evolutionary Origin of Human Behavior: How Play and Evolution Carried Us from Our Reptile Predecessors to the Storytellers We Are.

Sex, Evolution, and Behavior


Author: Martin Daly,Margo Wilson

Publisher: Brooks/Cole Publishing Company


Category: Science

Page: 402

View: 2663

This text provides an elementary level discussion of recent theory relating to the evolutionary and adaptive aspects of reproductive behaviour. The relation between ultimate and proximate levels of explanation is the major theme of the book. Two new chapters in this edition incorporate findings from recent research and there is also new material on humans, physiology, and development. Sex and reproductive behaviour are examined from an evolutionary comparative perspective and numerous empirical studies and examples are cited.

Adaptation and Human Behavior

An Anthropological Perspective


Author: Napoleon Chagnon

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351329189

Category: Social Science

Page: 527

View: 1576

This volume presents state-of-the-art empirical studies working in a paradigm that has become known as human behavioral ecology. The emergence of this approach in anthropology was marked by publication by Aldine in 1979 of an earlier collection of studies edited by Chagnon and Irons entitled Evolutionary Biology and Human Social Behavior: An Anthropological Perspective. During the two decades that have passed since then, this innovative approach has matured and expanded into new areas that are explored here. The book opens with an introductory chapter by Chagnon and Irons tracing the origins of human behavioral ecology and its subsequent development. Subsequent chapters, written by both younger scholars and established researchers, cover a wide range of societies and topics organ-ized into six sections. The first section includes two chapters that provide historical background on the development of human behavioral ecology and com-pare it to two complementary approaches in the study of evolution and human behavior, evolutionary psychology, and dual inheritance theory. The second section includes five studies of mating efforts in a variety of societies from South America and Africa. The third section covers parenting, with five studies on soci-eties from Africa, Asia, and North America. The fourth section breaks somewhat with the tradition in human behavioral ecology by focusing on one particularly problematic issue, the demographic transition, using data from Europe, North America, and Asia. The fifth section includes studies of cooperation and helping behaviors, using data from societies in Micronesia and South America. The sixth and final section consists of a single chapter that places the volume in a broader critical and comparative context. The contributions to this volume demonstrate, with a high degree of theoretical and methodological sophistication--the maturity and freshness of this new paradigm in the study of human behavior. The volume will be of interest to anthropologists and other professions working on the study of cross-cultural human behavior.

Evolutionary Psychology

A Beginner's Guide


Author: Robin Dunbar,Louise Barrett,John Lycett

Publisher: Oneworld Publications

ISBN: 1780740190

Category: Science

Page: 240

View: 9221

Evolutionary Psychology: A Beginner’s Guide is a uniquely accessible yet comprehensive guide to the study of the effects of evolutionary theory on human behaviour. Written specifically for the general reader, and for entry-level students, it covers all the most important elements of this interdisciplinary subject, from the role of evolution in our selection of partner, to the influence of genetics on parenting. The book draws widely on examples, case studies and background facts to convey a substantial amount of information, and is authored by the UK’s leading experts in the field, from the only dedicated research and teaching institute.

Evolutionary Explanations of Human Behaviour


Author: John H. Cartwright

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134549040

Category: Psychology

Page: 210

View: 7498

In recent years, a new discipline has arisen that argues human behaviour can be understood in terms of evolutionary processes. Evolutionary Explanations of Human Behaviour is an introductory level book covering evolutionary psychology, this new and controversial field. The book deals with three main areas: human reproductive behaviour, evolutionary explanations of mental disorders and the evolution of intelligence and the brain. The book is particularly suitable for the AQA-A A2 syllabus, but will also be of interest to undergraduates studying evolutionary psychology for the first time and anyone with a general interest in this new discipline.

Human Evolutionary Psychology


Author: Louise Barrett,Robin Dunbar,John Lycett

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691096228

Category: Psychology

Page: 434

View: 606

Why do people resort to plastic surgery to look young? Why are stepchildren at greatest risk of fatal abuse? Why do we prefer gossip to algebra? Why must Dogon wives live alone in a dark hut for five days a month? Why are young children good at learning language but not sharing? Over the past decade, psychologists and behavioral ecologists have been finding answers to such seemingly unrelated questions by applying an evolutionary perspective to the study of human behavior and psychology. Human Evolutionary Psychology is a comprehensive, balanced, and readable introduction to this burgeoning field. It combines a sophisticated understanding of the basics of evolutionary theory with a solid grasp of empirical case studies. Covering not only such traditional subjects as kin selection and mate choice, this text also examines more complex understandings of marriage practices and inheritance rules and the way in which individual action influences the structure of societies and aspects of cultural evolution. It critically assesses the value of evolutionary explanations to humans in both modern Western society and traditional preindustrial societies. And it fairly presents debates within the field, identifying areas of compatibility among sometimes competing approaches. Combining a broad scope with the more in-depth knowledge and sophisticated understanding needed to approach the primary literature, this text is the ideal introduction to the exciting and rapidly expanding study of human evolutionary psychology.

Evolutionary Psychology: Neuroscience Perspectives concerning Human Behavior and Experience

Neuroscience Perspectives Concerning Human Behavior and Experience


Author: William J. Ray

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412995892

Category: Psychology

Page: 512

View: 5222

This book brings together current perspectives concerning the manner in which human mind, behavior and experience evolved. In addition to the traditional psychological literature, it draws from work in the cognitive and affective neurosciences, ethology, and genetics. The focus will be on a unification and integration of evolutionary understandings within a broader consideration.

Brain, Behaviour and Evolution


Author: David A. Oakley,H. C. Plotkin

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351370243

Category: Psychology

Page: 254

View: 8281

Originally published in 1979, this book provides students with an example of the ways in which an evolutionary perspective can rephrase and clarify traditional questions and issues in psychology. The format provides the student firstly with the minimal amount of basic information in neuroanatomy, genetics and modern evolutionary theory in a form which is readily related to the remainder of the volume. The book then goes on to consider the relationships between different forms of explanation in biology, and the role of brain behaviour students in these relationships. Finally, the reader is given an opportunity to follow the reasoning which stems from a biological approach when applied to topics in human behaviour such as learning, dreaming, sleeping, exploration, anxiety, reasoning, intelligence and consciousness. Modern evolutionary biology places man in a broader context than does traditional psychology, and this new perspective reduces our tendency to view life solely from a human standpoint. The significance as well as the uniqueness of some traditionally ‘human’ attributes are challenged by this approach.

That complex whole

culture and the evolution of human behavior


Author: Lee Cronk

Publisher: Westview Pr


Category: Psychology

Page: 160

View: 3410

A lively discussion of the relationship between culture and biology in the evolution of human behavior.

The Evolution of Human Sexuality


Author: Donald Symons

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199878471

Category: Psychology

Page: 368

View: 2419

Anthropology, Sexual Studies, Psychology, Sociology, Gender and Cultural Studies