Evidence Matters

Science, Proof, and Truth in the Law

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Author: Susan Haack

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113999266X

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 887

Is truth in the law just plain truth - or something sui generis? Is a trial a search for truth? Do adversarial procedures and exclusionary rules of evidence enable, or impede, the accurate determination of factual issues? Can degrees of proof be identified with mathematical probabilities? What role can statistical evidence properly play? How can courts best handle the scientific testimony on which cases sometimes turn? How are they to distinguish reliable scientific testimony from unreliable hokum? These interdisciplinary essays explore such questions about science, proof, and truth in the law. With her characteristic clarity and verve, Haack brings her original and distinctive work in theory of knowledge and philosophy of science to bear on real-life legal issues. She includes detailed analyses of a wide variety of cases and lucid summaries of relevant scientific work, of the many roles of the scientific peer-review system, and of relevant legal developments.

Jurist in Context

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Author: William Twining

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108480977

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 404

View: 9572

A leading English jurist reflects on the development of his thoughts and writings in legal theory over sixty years.

Evidence in the Psychological Therapies

A Critical Guidance for Practitioners

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Author: Chris Mace,Stirling Moorey,Bernard Roberts

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134615752

Category: Psychology

Page: 232

View: 8093

Evidence-based practice is likely to determine standards for publicly and insurance-funded psychotherapies in the near future. How should practitioners prepare themselves for this? Evidence in the Psychological Therapies takes a critical look at the meaning of evidence. It examines which kinds of evidence are most relevant to psychological therapies, and Mow the quality of evidence can be assessed. The potential impact of evidence on practice is illustrated across a range of clinical settings and therapeutic models. The contributors include distinguished academics in law and philosophy, clinical researchers who have contributed to the evidence base for psychological therapies, and prominent therapists who have put research into practice and pioneered effective methods of audit. This accessible discussion of a topic no practitioner can ignore is recommended to all psychotherapists, including psychoanalysts, CBT therapists, psychiatrists, clinical psychologists, counsellors and those in training.

Knowledge into Action: Research and Evaluation in Library and Information Science

Research and Evaluation in Library and Information Science

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Author: Danny P. Wallace,Connie J Van Fleet

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 1610692667

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 388

View: 7525

The only book currently available that comprehensively integrates research and evaluation for evidence-based library and information science practice.

Use and abuse of law in the Athenian courts

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Author: Chris Carey,Ifigeneia Giannadaki,Brenda Griffith-Williams

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9004377891

Category: History

Page: 402

View: 5982

This volume brings together leading scholars and rising researchers in the field of Greek law to examine the role played by the law in thinking and practice in the legal system of classical Athens from a variety of perspectives.

Criminal Evidence

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Author: Jefferson L. Ingram

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1437735045

Category: Law

Page: 1040

View: 6325

Part of the John C. Klotter Justice Administration Legal Series, this revision presents the latest developments in the law of evidence that are of interest to criminal justice personnel. Highlights include: chapter outlines, lists of key terms and concepts for each chapter, a glossary, and new, up-to-date cases in Part II. Introduces the reader to the basics of collecting, preserving, and presenting evidence in a criminal court to convict the guilty and acquit the innocent. Highlights include: chapter outlines, lists of key terms and concepts for each chapter, briefs of judicial decisions, a glossary, appendices, and up-to-date table of cases. New eleventh edition presents the latest developments in the law of evidence that are of interest to criminal justice personnel. Student aids include chapter outlines, key terms and concepts lists, a glossary, a table of cases cited, and online case study questons. Professor resources are available on the publisher's homepage, and include Instructor's Guide, Test Bank, and Lecture PowerPoint Slides.

Representation and Productive Ambiguity in Mathematics and the Sciences

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Author: Emily R. Grosholz

Publisher: Clarendon Press

ISBN: 0191538515

Category: Mathematics

Page: 330

View: 7348

Emily Grosholz offers an original investigation of demonstration in mathematics and science, examining how it works and why it is persuasive. Focusing on geometrical demonstration, she shows the roles that representation and ambiguity play in mathematical discovery. She presents a wide range of case studies in mechanics, topology, algebra, logic, and chemistry, from ancient Greece to the present day, but focusing particularly on the seventeenth and twentieth centuries. She argues that reductive methods are effective not because they diminish but because they multiply and juxtapose modes of representation. Such problem-solving is, she argues, best understood in terms of Leibnizian 'analysis' - the search for conditions of intelligibility. Discovery and justification are then two aspects of one rational way of proceeding, which produces the mathematician's formal experience. Grosholz defends the importance of iconic, as well as symbolic and indexical, signs in mathematical representation, and argues that pragmatic, as well as syntactic and semantic, considerations are indispensable for mathematical reasoning. By taking a close look at the way results are presented on the page in mathematical (and biological, chemical, and mechanical) texts, she shows that when two or more traditions combine in the service of problem solving, notations and diagrams are sublty altered, multiplied, and juxtaposed, and surrounded by prose in natural language which explains the novel combination. Viewed this way, the texts yield striking examples of language and notation that are irreducibly ambiguous and productive because they are ambiguous. Grosholtz's arguments, which invoke Descartes, Locke, Hume, and Kant, will be of considerable interest to philosophers and historians of mathematics and science, and also have far-reaching consequences for epistemology and philosophy of language.

The God of Covenant and Creation

Scientific Naturalism and its Challenge to the Christian Faith

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Author: Larry S. Chapp

Publisher: A&C Black

ISBN: 0567595277

Category: Religion

Page: 304

View: 435

A new exciting attempt to reconcile theology and science in a contemporara "theology of nature".

Acting under Uncertainty

Multidisciplinary Conceptions

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Author: George M. von Furstenberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401578737

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 486

View: 1443

Uncertainty could be associated with wisdom, enterprise, and discovery. In ordinary speech, however, it has mostly negative connotations. There is "fear of the unknown" and "ignorance is bliss;" there are maxims to the effect that "what you don't know doesn't hurt you" (or: "bother you") in several languages. This volume suggests that we need be bothered by the excessive confidence with which scientists, particularly social scientists, present some of their conclusions and overstate their range of application. Otherwise many of the questions that should be raised about all the major uncertainties attending a particular issue routinely may continue to be thwarted or suppressed. Down playing uncertainty does not lead to more responsible or surer action, it sidetracks research agendas, and leaves the decision makers exposed to nasty surprise. This volume demonstrates that recognizing the many forms of uncertainty that enter into the development of any particular subject matter is a precondition for more responsible choice and deeper knowledge. Our purpose is to contribute to a broader appreciation of uncertainty than regularly accorded in any of the numerous disciplines represented here. The seventeenth-century French philosopher Descartes, quoted in this volume, wrote that "whoever is searching after truth must, once in his life, doubt all things; insofar as this is possible. " White areas left on maps of the world in past centuries were a much more productive challenge than marking the end of the known world with the pillars of Hercules.

Argumentation Methods for Artificial Intelligence in Law

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Author: Douglas Walton

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540278818

Category: Law

Page: 270

View: 4470

Use of argumentation methods applied to legal reasoning is a relatively new field of study. The book provides a survey of the leading problems, and outlines how future research using argumentation-based methods show great promise of leading to useful solutions. The problems studied include not only these of argument evaluation and argument invention, but also analysis of specific kinds of evidence commonly used in law, like witness testimony, circumstantial evidence, forensic evidence and character evidence. New tools for analyzing these kinds of evidence are introduced.

Das Gift der Gewissheit

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Author: Scott Turow

Publisher: Karl Blessing Verlag

ISBN: 364114860X

Category: Fiction

Page: N.A

View: 1301

Für gewöhnlich tragen Arthur Ravens Mandanten feinen Zwirn und sitzen hinter Mahagonischreibtischen. Romeo Gandolph jedoch trägt Handschellen und sitzt hinter Gittern im Trakt für zum Tode verurteilte Straftäter in Rudyard. Man hat ihn für schuldig befunden, am 4. Juli 1991 zwei Männer und eine Frau in einem Imbissrestaurant beraubt und erschossen zu haben. Obwohl er die Tat bereits mehrfach gestanden hat, schwört er nun, dass er nicht der Mörder ist. Das Bundesberufungsgericht von Kindle County ernennt Raven zum Pflichtverteidiger in diesem scheinbar aussichtslosen Verfahren, das doch nur dazu dienen soll, längst gesichert geglaubte Fakten ein weiteres Mal abzuhaken. Der Anwalt macht sich missmutig an die Arbeit, entdeckt aber schon bald Hinweise darauf, dass sein Mandant möglicherweise unschuldig ist. Er ist dankbar für die Unterstützung, die Gillian Sullivan anbietet, doch er kann nicht ahnen, dass ihm die ehemalige Richterin, die Gandolph in erster Instanz zum Tode verurteil hatte, ihre dunkle Vergangenheit verschweigt. Der spektakuläre Auftritt eines Zeugen lässt die Ereignisse schließlich in einem ganz anderen Licht erscheinen und führt Anklage und Verteidigung vor Augen, wie sich die Wahrheit zu immer neuen Trugbildern verzerrt. Turows mitreißende Inszenierung dieses Prozesses vermittelt jenseits von Hollywood-Heroismus und Schwarz-Weiß-Malerei, wie morsch das Justizsystem ist, das über Leben und Tod von Menschen entscheidet, und wie schwierig es für alle Beteiligten ist, sich mit ihren Emotionen auseinander zu setzen. Selbstzweifel, Reue und Verbitterung sind seinen Figuren ebenso eigen wie guter Glaube, Ehrgeiz und Hoffnung. Ein spannendes Courtroom-Drama, das schließlich nur die eine Gewissheit postuliert: Der Weg zur Hölle ist gepflastert mit guten Absichten.

Der stumme Frühling

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Author: Rachel Carson

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN: 3406704220

Category: Nature

Page: 348

View: 8345

Der stumme Frühling erschien erstmals 1962. Der Titel bezieht sich auf das eingangs erzählte Märchen von der blühenden Stadt, in der sich eine seltsame, schleichende Seuche ausbreitet … Das spannend geschriebene Sachbuch wirkte bei seinem Erscheinen wie ein Alarmsignal und avancierte rasch zur Bibel der damals entstehendenÖkologie-Bewegung. ZumerstenMal wurde hier in eindringlichem Appell die Fragwürdigkeit des chemischen Pflanzenschutzes dargelegt. An einer Fülle von Tatsachen machte Rachel Carson seine schädlichen Auswirkungen auf die Natur und die Menschen deutlich. Ihre Warnungen haben seither nichts von ihrer Aktualität verloren.

The Secret - Das Geheimnis

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Author: Rhonda Byrne

Publisher: Arkana

ISBN: 364110579X

Category: Body, Mind & Spirit

Page: 240

View: 1254

Alle Leser sind im Grunde auf der Suche nach der einen Erkenntnis, die nicht nur ihre intellektuelle Neugier befriedigt, sondern ihnen Anleitung gibt, ihr Leben glücklicher und erfüllter zu gestalten. Diese eine Erkenntnis – „The Secret“, wie Autorin Rhonda Byrne es nennt – war wenigen Auserwählten der Menschheitsgeschichte gegenwärtig. Die Smaragdtafel des Hermes Trismegistos, die Keimzelle aller heute bestehenden esoterischen Systeme, hat es ausgedrückt mit den Worten: „Wie innen, so außen“. Große Geister wie Platon, Leonardo da Vinci und Einstein haben um das Geheimnis gewusst; moderne Autoren wie Neale Donald Walsch und Bärbel Mohr haben in jüngster Zeit eine Millionen-Leserschaft damit inspiriert. „The Secret“, das als Dokumentarfilm schon weltweit erfolgreich lief, beweist in einer überzeugenden Mischung aus Erklärungen der Autorin und Zitaten bekannter Weisheitslehrer die Wahrheit einiger grundlegender Erkenntnisse: Wir sind selbst Schöpfer unserer Realität. Die Dinge, die uns im Alltag begegnen, haben wir durch die eigene Gedankenenergie angezogen. Die Kraft, die wir „Gott“ nennen, war und ist nie wirklich von uns getrennt. Einige Bestsellerautoren schicken ihre Helden auf die spannende Suche nach einem fiktiven Geheimnis. Mit „The Secret“ werden Sie selbst zum Sucher und können einen Schatz finden – nicht fiktiv, sondern wirklich.

Drogen

Die Geschichte eines langen Krieges

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Author: Johann Hari

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104035687

Category: Fiction

Page: 448

View: 4659

»Hari vereint präzise Recherche mit einer zutiefst menschlichen Erzählung. Dieses Buch wird eine dringend notwendige Debatte auslösen.« Glenn Greenwald Der Krieg gegen die Drogen gilt inzwischen als gescheitert, der Handel mit Drogen ist ein blühendes Geschäft, alle Maßnahmen gegen den Konsum sind weitgehend erfolglos. Woran liegt das? Der britische Journalist Johann Hari begibt sich auf eine einzigartige Reise – von Brooklyn über Mexiko bis nach Deutschland – und erzählt die Geschichten derjenigen, deren Leben vom immerwährenden Kampf gegen Drogen geprägt ist: von Dealern, Süchtigen, Kartellmitgliedern, den Verlierern und Profiteuren. Mit seiner grandiosen literarischen Reportage schreibt Hari sowohl eine Geschichte des Krieges gegen Drogen als auch ein mitreißendes und streitbares Plädoyer zum Umdenken. »Hervorragender Journalismus, packend erzählt.« Naomi Klein »Phantastisch!« Noam Chomsky

Debate Resolved

Evolution, Creation, Intelligent Design and Hybrids

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Author: George Grebens PhD

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 146911562X

Category: Science

Page: 677

View: 9708

This e-book has a life that began with 28 pages of recommendations to a high school teacher who requested ways of addressing a publishers three questions on the Neo-Evolution vs. Creation debate. This was in May 2005. Since then I expanded similar Q&As in various media, participated in public debates (2007-2009). I look back to the successful high level Evolution vs. Creation debates that were held during the 1970s and early 1980s. Dr. Henry M. Morris and Dr. Duane T. Gish had used their newly developed Creation Scientific Model to challenge those who defended the Evolution Scientific Model. The Debates format was very constructive and contributed strategically in addressing many key issues that required further clarification. The debaters were well prepared and well-disciplined and even if some of the debaters appeared to have lost in this round, the debate exercise itself helped to rejuvenate the debaters and the audience thus helping them to energize and look forward towards the next round of the continuing series of debates

The Handbook of Divorce Mediation

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Author: L. Marlow,S.R. Sauber

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489924957

Category: Psychology

Page: 508

View: 5397

Mediation, as a procedure to assist couples in dealing with the problems incident to their separation and divorce, is still relatively new in the United States. For the would-be practitioner, that poses certain problems. Divorce mediation cannot provide a long history of generally accepted procedures. Nor is there even a body of information to which would-be practitioners can turn for instruction or guidance. And, of course, there are no established schools that can train or prepare a practitioner to do this work. To make matters worse, the situation is likely to remain in this state for some time to come. Given this fact, it was felt that it would be useful for practitioners (even for those already engaged in divorce mediation) to have a handbook which would trace a typical mediation from its inception to its conclusion and which would provide them with the substantive informa tion they need to know in order to do divorce mediation. It is hoped that this handbook will fill this need. Having said that, however, it must be acknowledged that the purpose of this book is very much beyond that. Until now, divorce mediation in the United States has been shaped principally by such books as O. J. Coogler's Structured Mediation in Divorce Settlements: A Handbook for Marital Mediators, 1 and John Haynes' Divorce Mediation: 2 A Practical Guide for Therapists and Counselors.