Evaluating Measurement Accuracy

A Practical Approach

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Author: Semyon G. Rabinovich

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319601253

Category: Science

Page: 323

View: 7594

This book presents a systematic and comprehensive exposition of the theory of measurement accuracy and provides solutions that fill significant and long-standing gaps in the classical theory. It eliminates the shortcomings of the classical theory by including methods for estimating accuracy of single measurements, the most common type of measurement. The book also develops methods of reduction and enumeration for indirect measurements, which do not require Taylor series and produce a precise solution to this problem. It produces grounded methods and recommendations for summation of errors. The monograph also analyzes and critiques two foundation metrological documents, the International Vocabulary of Metrology (VIM) and the Guide to the Expression of Uncertainty in Measurement (GUM), and discusses directions for their revision. This new edition adds a step-by-step guide on how to evaluate measurement accuracy and recommendations on how to calculate systematic error of multiple measurements. There is also an extended section on the method of reduction, which provides an alternative to the least-square method and the method of enumeration. Many sections are also rewritten to improve the structure and usability of the material. The 3rd edition reflects the latest developments in metrology and offers new results, and it is designed to be accessible to readers at various levels and positions, including scientists, engineers, and undergraduate and graduate students. By presenting material from a practical perspective and offering solutions and recommendations for problems that arise in conducting real-life measurements, author Semyon Rabinovich offers an invaluable resource for scientists in any field.

Metrology and Theory of Measurement

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Author: Valery A. Slaev,Anna G. Chunovkina,Leonid A. Mironovsky

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110284820

Category: Science

Page: 581

View: 9290

Metrology is the science of measurements. It is traceable to measurement standards, thus to the concept of measurement accuracy, which is used in all natural and technical sciences, as well as in some fields of social sciences and liberal arts. The key problem is one of obtaining knowledge of the physical reality, which is observed through a prism of an assemblage of quantity properties describing the objectively-real world. One of the fundamental tasks of metrology is the development of theoretical and methodological aspects of the procedure of getting an accurate knowledge relating to objects and processes of the surrounding world. Due to the rapid development of information technologies and intelligent measurement systems and measuring instruments, as well as to the growing usage of mathematical methods in social and biological sciences, this monograph is dedicated to convey the fundamental theory.

Lung Cancer: A Practical Approach to Evidence-Based Clinical Evaluation and Management

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Author: Lynn T. Tanoue,Frank C Detterbeck

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0323496067

Category: Medical

Page: 350

View: 8484

Get a quick, expert overview of the many key facets of lung cancer evaluation and management with this concise, practical resource by Drs. Lynn T. Tanoue and Frank Detterbeck. This easy-to-read reference presents a summary of today’s best evidence-based approaches to diagnosis and management in this critical area. Covers diagnosis and evaluation, treatment considerations, and comprehensive care options for patients with lung cancer. Provides insight on evidence for today’s best practices, as well as future directions in the field. Consolidates today’s evidence-based information on the clinical aspects of lung cancer into one convenient resource.

The Welfare Economics of Public Policy

A Practical Approach to Project and Policy Evaluation

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Author: Richard E. Just,Darrell L. Hueth,Andrew Schmitz

Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing

ISBN: 1845421574

Category: Political Science

Page: 712

View: 3289

The Welfare Economics of Public Policy is a great book that should be of interest to all economists interested in applied welfare analysis. It is a good reference book for economists studying the effects of public policy. Finally, it should be a useful textbook for students studying economic policy and applied welfare economics. Jean-Paul Chavas, American Journal of Agricultural Economics . . . a very comprehensive overview of the state of the art in welfare economics. It can be used as a teaching book for advanced students as well as a reference volume for researchers. This duality of possible uses is supported by the fact that very complex issues are presented in an easily readable manner. More technical aspects are then outlined in the appendices of the relevant chapters, offering colleagues the option to study formal considerations in more detail. . . a welcome addition to and expression of the knowledge base of agricultural economics. Stefan Mann, Journal of Agricultural Economics I am absolutely delighted that the authors have revised and republished this text. I have used the previous version for years in my graduate environmental economics course; usually I had to share the one copy I have with students and I felt it was a shame that these students did not have the opportunity to purchase the book since every serious environmental economist should have this volume on their shelf. It has been a continuous reference volume for me over the years and I am sure this is true of many others in the discipline. In the field of applied welfare analysis (spanning environmental economics, international trade, agricultural policy, etc.) there is no need for further elaboration when Just, Hueth and Schmitz is referenced. Everyone knows the book that is being referred to: the bible of applied welfare economics. Catherine Kling, Iowa State University, US For the record, I am one of the people who requested that the authors revise and re-issue their textbook. It is an extremely valuable book for applied economists; as with the previous edition, I will use it extensively in two of my courses and consult it frequently in my own research endeavors. Richard Adams, Oregon State University, US The original book is very well known in our profession and is still used in many classes. It will be wonderful to have a revised edition of this classic book. Colin Carter, University of California, Davis, US This outstanding text, a follow-up to the authors award-winning 1982 text, provides a thorough treatment of economic welfare theory and develops a complete theoretical and empirical framework for applied project and policy evaluation. The authors illustrate how this theory can be used to develop policy analysis from both theory and estimation in a variety of areas including: international trade, the economics of technological change, agricultural economics, the economics of information, environmental economics, and the economics of extractive and renewable natural resources. Building on willingness-to-pay (WTP) measures as the foundation for applied welfare economics, the authors develop measures for firms and households where households are viewed as both consumers and owner/sellers of resources. Possibilities are presented for (1) approximating WTP with consumer surplus, (2) measuring WTP exactly subject to errors in existing econometric work, and (3) using duality theory to specify econometric equations consistent with theory. Later chapters cover specific areas of welfare measurement under imperfect competition, uncertainty, incomplete information, externalities, and dynamic considerations. Applications are considered explicitly for policy issues related to information, international trade, the environment, agriculture, and other natural resource issues. The Welfare Economics of Public Policy is ideal for graduate and undergraduate courses in applied welfare economics, public policy, agricultural policy, and environmental economi

A Practical Approach to the Spectrum of Alcoholic Liver Disease, An Issue of Clinics in Liver Disease - E-Book

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Author: David Bernstein

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455747378

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 7931

The Guest Editor has organized this issue to focus on the clinical management of alcoholic liver disease. Authors have written state-of-the-art reviews on the following topics: Prevalence and Natural History of ALD; Alcohol Metabolism; Immunology in ALD; Histological Findings in ALD; Diagnosis and Management of Alcoholic Hepatitis; Management of Alcohol Abuse; Long Term Management of Alcoholic Liver Disease; Infections in ALD; Nutrition in ALD; Alcohol’s Effect on Other Chronic Liver Diseases; Liver Cancer and Alcohol; Evaluation and Selection of Candidates for Liver Transplantation; and ALD and Specific Transplant-Related Issues.

Psychological Testing

A Practical Approach to Design and Evaluation

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Author: Theresa J.B. Kline

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1506315941

Category: Social Science

Page: 368

View: 3907

Psychological Testing: A Practical Approach to Design and Evaluation offers a fresh and innovative approach for graduate students and faculty in the fields of testing, measurement, psychometrics, research design, and related areas of study. Author Theresa J.B. Kline guides readers through the process of designing and evaluating a test, while ensuring that the test meets the highest professional standards. The author uses simple, clear examples throughout and fully details the required statistical analyses. Topics include—but are not limited to—design of item stems and responses; sampling strategies; classical and modern test theory; IRT program examples; reliability of tests and raters; validation using content, criterion-related, and factor analytic approaches; test and item bias; and professional and ethical issues in testing.

A Manager's Guide To PR Projects

A Practical Approach

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Author: Patricia J. Parsons

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135624763

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 104

View: 8481

A Manager's Guide to PR Projects picks up where classic public relations textbooks leave off. It provides hands-on guidance in planning the preliminary research for a public relations project and creating a plan to achieve specific goals, guiding the reader through managing the project's implementation. It contains worksheets that can be used for a visual representation of the planning process for both student edification and presentation to clients. The book is designed as a user-friendly guide to take the reader through the four-step public relations planning process from a number of vantage points. Intended as a learning tool for use in both the class and beyond, this book's approaches are based on real experiences in the management of communications projects designed to meet organizational goals through achieving public relations objectives.

Assessing Culturally and Linguistically Diverse Students

A Practical Guide

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Author: Robert L. Rhodes,Salvador Hector Ochoa,Samuel O. Ortiz

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 9781606237434

Category: Psychology

Page: 234

View: 2262

This is the first book to present a practical, problem-solving approach and hands-on tools and techniques for assessing English language learners and culturally diverse students in K-12 settings. It meets a crucial need among practitioners and special educators working in today's schools. Provided are research-based, step-by-step procedures for conducting effective interviews with students, parents, and teachers; making the best use of interpreters; addressing special issues in the prereferral process; and conducting accurate, unbiased assessments of academic achievement, intellectual functioning, language proficiency, and acculturation. Among the book's special features are reproducible worksheets, questionnaires, and checklists--including several in both English and Spanish--in a ready-to-use, large-size format. This book is in The Guilford Practical Intervention in the Schools Series, edited by T. Chris Riley-Tillman.

Health Measurement Scales

A practical guide to their development and use

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Author: David L. Streiner,Geoffrey R. Norman,John Cairney

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191508330

Category: Medical

Page: 448

View: 3229

Clinicians and those in health sciences are frequently called upon to measure subjective states such as attitudes, feelings, quality of life, educational achievement and aptitude, and learning style in their patients. This fifth edition of Health Measurement Scales enables these groups to both develop scales to measure non-tangible health outcomes, and better evaluate and differentiate between existing tools. Health Measurement Scales is the ultimate guide to developing and validating measurement scales that are to be used in the health sciences. The book covers how the individual items are developed; various biases that can affect responses (e.g. social desirability, yea-saying, framing); various response options; how to select the best items in the set; how to combine them into a scale; and finally how to determine the reliability and validity of the scale. It concludes with a discussion of ethical issues that may be encountered, and guidelines for reporting the results of the scale development process. Appendices include a comprehensive guide to finding existing scales, and a brief introduction to exploratory and confirmatory factor analysis, making this book a must-read for any practitioner dealing with this kind of data.

The Practical Guide

Identification, Evaluation, and Treatment of Overweight and Obesity in Adults

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Obesity

Page: 80

View: 2319

Practical Hepatic Pathology: A Diagnostic Approach E-Book

A Volume in the Pattern Recognition Series

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Author: Romil Saxena

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 1455711969

Category: Medical

Page: 728

View: 8432

Practical Hepatic Pathology—a new volume in the new Pattern Recognition series—offers you a practical guide to diagnosing every challenging liver biopsy that you encounter in your daily practice. Dr. Romil Saxena presents diagnoses according to a pattern-based organization that guides you from a histological pattern of injury, through the appropriate work-up, around the pitfalls, and to the best diagnosis. Lavish, full-color images capture key hepatic pathology patterns of injury, pathognomonic features and common variations of all major liver diseases and hepatic neoplasms. No other single source delivers the practical, hands-on information you need to solve even the toughest diagnostic challenges in liver biopsies. Recognize the basic patterns of liver injury through an algorithmic approach and establish diagnosis by a pattern-based visual index present at the beginning of the book. Evaluate and interpret biopsy samples using superb, high-quality, full-color images that illustrate pathognomonic features and common variations. Get comprehensive information on major adult and childhood liver diseases, hepatic neoplasms and pre-neoplastic nodules including clinical features, laboratory tests, imaging findings and differential diagnosis. Understand the pathology and practice of liver transplantation with coverage of the clinical aspects of this procedure.

A Practical Approach to Orthopaedic Medicine

A Practical Approach

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Author: Elaine Atkins,Jill Kerr,Emily Goodlad

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702044156

Category: Medical

Page: 480

View: 357

In the new third edition of this popular multidisciplinary text, Elaine Atkins, Jill Kerr and Emily Goodlad continue to advance the field of orthopaedic medicine. Always inspired by the work of Dr James Cyriax, this edition, renamed A Practical Approach to Orthopaedic Medicine, updates techniques and incorporates recent research discoveries into the text. There are also self assessment tasks to test your understanding of orthopaedic medicine on EVOLVE, an online electronic learning solution site designed to work alongside textbooks to stimulate clinical reasoning and to enhance learning. The introductory chapters deal with the principles of orthopaedic medicine, with the following chapters taking the clinician through the practice of orthopaedic medicine joint by joint. This edition includes: Substantially revised chapters Extended evidence-based commentaries underpinning indications and contraindications to treatment of spinal lesions Expanded critique of the treatment of peripheral joints including recent advances in the approach to tendinopathy Clearly described and illustrated injection and manual techniques New page layout for easy navigation Foreword by Monica Kesson A Practical Approach to Orthopaedic Medicine is a complete reference source that provides the most up-to-date principles and practice for students and postgraduate medical practitioners, physiotherapists and other allied health professionals, including podiatrists and osteopaths. It is essential reading.

Medical Imaging and Radiotherapy Research E-Book

Skills and Strategies

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Author: Aarthi Ramlaul

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 0702048283

Category: Medical

Page: 312

View: 9583

All you need to successfully undertake a research project! This exciting new book provides radiography students and practitioners with the key skills and strategies required to undertake research within medical imaging and radiotherapy. Quantitative and qualitative research methods are covered and guidance given on the entire research process - from literature researching, information management and literature evaluation, through to data collection, data analysis and writing up. Specific instruction is given on the structure and presentation of dissertations, writing articles for publication and on presentation skills for presenting at conferences. FEATURES Tailored to meet the specific needs of radiography students plus practitioners undertaking research Includes practice tips and pitfalls to avoid Covers how to apply for research funding for larger scale projects Practical examples throughout clarify the concepts Accompanying EVOLVE website EVOLVE website An accompanying website includes interactive examples of how to use the statistics tests discussed within the text. Tailored to meet needs of radiography and medical imaging students and practitioners undertaking research Accompanying website includes 10 examples on how to use descriptive and inferential statistics packages with interactive 10-step exercises and video clips on how to start up the packages Case examples throughout clarify concepts.

Interactive Learning Systems Evaluation

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Author: Thomas C. Reeves,John G. Hedberg

Publisher: Educational Technology

ISBN: 9780877783046

Category: Education

Page: 297

View: 2145

Describes how to evaluate interactive learning systems, both in their initial development and later in regard to effectiveness and efficiency. These include web-based systems, computer-aided learning, etc.

International Handbook of Behavior Modification and Therapy

Second Edition

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Author: Alan S. Bellack,Michel Hersen,Alan E. Kazdin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461305233

Category: Psychology

Page: 908

View: 8334

It is particularly gratifying to prepare a second edition of a book, because there is the necessary impli cation that the first edition was well received. Moreover, now an opportunity is provided to correct the problems or limitations that existed in the first edition as well as to address recent developments in the field. Thus, we are grateful to our friends, colleagues, and students, as well as to the reviewers who have expressed their approval of the first edition and who have given us valuable input on how the revision could best be structured. Perhaps the first thing that the reader will notice about the second edition is that it is more extensive than the first. The volume currently has 41 chapters, in contrast to the 31 chapters that comprised the earlier version. Chapters 3, 9, 29, and 30 of the first edition either have been dropped or were combined, whereas 14 new chapters have been added. In effect, we are gratified in being able to reflect the continued growth of behavior therapy in the 1980s. Behavior therapists have addressed an ever-increasing number of disorders and behavioral dysfunctions in an increasing range of populations. The most notable advances are taking place in such areas as cognitive approaches, geriatrics, and behavioral medicine, and also in the treatment of childhood disorders.

Measurement and Evaluation in Human Performance

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Author: James R. Morrow

Publisher: Human Kinetics

ISBN: 0736090398

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 457

View: 3084

Measurement and Evaluation in Human Performance,Fourth Edition, introduces students to tests and measurements as well as statistical decision making and interpretation with regard to human performance problems in the areas of kinesiology, physical education, health, and fitness.

Elemente der Psychophysik

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Author: Gustav Theodor Fechner

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Psychology, Experimental

Page: 336

View: 9883

Measurement Uncertainty in Chemical Analysis

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Author: Paul De Bièvre,Helmut Günzler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540439905

Category: Science

Page: 283

View: 1205

It is now becoming recognized in the measurement community that it is as important to communicate the uncertainty related to a specific measurement as it is to report the measurement itself. Without knowing the uncertainty, it is impossible for the users of the result to know what confidence can be placed in it; it is also impossible to assess the comparability of different measurements of the same parameter. This volume collects 20 outstanding papers on the topic, mostly published from 1999-2002 in the journal "Accreditation and Quality Assurance." They provide the rationale for why it is important to evaluate and report the uncertainty of a result in a consistent manner. They also describe the concept of uncertainty, the methodology for evaluating uncertainty, and the advantages of using suitable reference materials. Finally, the benefits to both the analytical laboratory and the user of the results are considered.