Epilepsy as a Dynamic Disease

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Author: John Milton,Peter Jung

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 366205048X

Category: Science

Page: 417

View: 9749

The first book to bring together experts in epilepsy, bio-engineering and dynamical systems theory, to discuss the possibility of treating epilepsy by controlling mechanisms that cause seizures. It includes a unique reference database with more than 1000 references, including hard-to-access references in the Russian literature.

Quantitative EEG Analysis Methods and Clinical Applications

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Author: Shanbao Tong,Nitish Vyomesh Thakor

Publisher: Artech House

ISBN: 1596932058

Category: Electroencephalography

Page: 421

View: 3820

This authoritative volume provides an overview of basic and advanced techniques used in quantitative EEG (qEEG) analysis. The book provides a wide range of mathematical tools used in qEEG, from single channel discriptors to the interactions among multi-channel EEG analysis. Moreover, you find coverage of the latest and most popular application in the field, including mental and neurological disease detection/monitoring, physiological and cognitive phenomena research, and fMRI.

Epilepsy

The Intersection of Neurosciences, Biology, Mathematics, Engineering, and Physics

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Author: Ivan Osorio,Hitten P. Zaveri,Mark G. Frei,Susan Arthurs

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781439838860

Category: Medical

Page: 578

View: 8038

Epilepsy, one of the most prevalent neurological disorders, affects approximately 1% (greater than 60 million) of the world's population. In an estimated 20 million of these patients, seizures are not controlled even by multiple anti-seizure drugs, and are extremely difficult to predict. Epilepsy: The Intersection of Neurosciences, Biology, Mathematics, Engineering, and Physics seamlessly brings together the neurosciences, mathematics, computational sciences, engineering, physics, and clinical epileptology to present to readers a highly didactic, integrated, clear and practically useful knowledge base and research directions. Laying out the foundations of signal analysis, data conditioning, linear and non-linear analysis, introduction to dynamical systems and fundamental anatomical and neurophysiological concepts, this book: Introduces non-physicians to language and concepts necessary to establish a meaningful dialog with epileptologists Introduces physicians to dynamical theory and signal processing without which interdisciplinary collaborations would not be productive Mines knowledge from fields devoted to the investigation of aperiodic paroxysmal relaxation phenomena, such as earthquakes, which bear dynamical similarities with epilepsy, so as to lay the proper scientific foundations for epileptology and foster much needed therapeutic advances efficiently Reviews spatiotemporal behavior of seizures, mechanisms of epileptogenesis and ictogenesis as well as of seizure control and ancillary technology Calls attention to nocturnal frontal lobe epilepsy as a potentially fruitful paradigm for advancing seizure prediction. Of all neurological disorders, epilepsy demands of investigators the broadest and deepest knowledge of dynamical, control, and system theories, knowledge that cannot be amassed without possessing a certain level of sophistication in relevant areas of neurosciences, physics, mathematics, and engineering. Narrowing the inescapable cultural chasm that commonly fragments multidisciplinary efforts, this book captures and enriches the burgeoning interdisciplinary synergism in the nascent field of dynamical epileptology.

Psychiatry as Medicine

Contemporary Psychotherapies

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Author: A. Fried,J. Agassi

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400968639

Category: Psychology

Page: 192

View: 5111

PREFACE This volume is a sequel to yet independent of our Paranoia: A Study in Diagnosis, Reidel, Dordrecht and Boston, 1976. Whereas our first book centered on diagnosis, this centers on treatment. In our first volume, all discussions of nosology (theory of illness) and of treatment was ancillary to our discussion of diagnosis; similarly all discussion of this volume dealing with nosology - there is very little on diagnosis here - is ancillary to our discussion of psychotherapy. It is still our profoundest conviction that to speak of treatment without diagnosis is meaningless, if not irresponsible, since otherwise one does not know what one is talking about. Hence, our present study, though it centers on theories of treatment, links psychotherapy with psychopathology. It is the rationale of psychotherapy which is of importance, and the rationale dwells in this link. We wish our present study to be self-contained and understood by readers who are not familiar with our first book - or with any specific literature. Our discussion of medicine in general, meaning the rationale of therapy in general, helps the uninitiated reader, as well as the initiated, we hope: it certainly has helped us. We did not see how else can we study a branch of medicine; we felt the need for some idea of how medicine is supposed to work.

Epilepsy

Global Issues for the Practicing Neurologist

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Author: Jerome Engel, MD, PhD

Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing

ISBN: 9781934559123

Category: Medical

Page: 240

View: 7663

This volume is the second in a series developed under the auspices of the World Federation of Neurology to meet the needs of neurologists who must practice medicine without many of the advantages that are often taken for granted in the industrialized world. It is targeted to neurologists practicing in low-resource environments and those who wish to practice cost-effective neurology, and addresses issues important for neurologists in developing countries that are not covered in standard textbooks. The series will update the reader in currently accepted diagnostic and management practice. Material is presented in a user-friendly, interactive manner, with abundant case material. Epilepsy is one of the most common serious primary brain disorders, affecting forty million people worldwide. According to the World Health Organization, epilepsy accounts for 1% of the Global Burden of Disease, equivalent to lung cancer in men and to breast cancer in women. It is not surprising, therefore, that ten to twenty texts on epilepsy are published annually. These texts contain the very latest information on diagnosis and treatment of various aspects of epilepsy; however, approximately 80% of people with epilepsy in the world live in developing countries, where modern diagnostic and treatment approaches do not exist. Upwards of 90% of people with epilepsy in these areas receive no treatment at all. This is the first text to address the issues faced by neurologists who must deliver care with limited resources, often in a setting of tropical diseases and malnutrition, that characterize practice in developing countries.

Clinical Biochemistry

Metabolic and Clinical Aspects

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Author: William J. Marshall,Márta Lapsley,Andrew Day,Ruth Ayling

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 070205478X

Category: Medical

Page: 996

View: 7278

Essential reading for candidates for the MRCPath examination and similar postgraduate examinations in clinical biochemistry. The book gives an overview of the acquisition of data, as well as concentrating on clinical aspects of the subject, giving detailed coverage of all conditions where clinical biochemistry is used in diagnosis and management. In common with other diagnostic specialties clinical biochemistry now uses an increasing number of techniques involving the 'new biology': these are covered in this book. It is also increasingly common for medically qualified clinical biochemists to become involved in the clinical management of patients (eg nutritional support) and material on this will be included. Significant changes to content to reflect changes in how clinical chemistry services are organised and to reflect the advent of metabolic medicine as a recognised specialty. Chapter on Clinical biochemistry of nutrition to include new information on regulation of appetite and the clinical management of obesity. New chapter to bring together information on inborn errors of metabolism affecting adults. New chapter on clinical biochemistry of cardiovascular disease. The diabetes chapter has been split into two separate chapters to allow more detailed description of the practical clinical management of the disease.

Handbook of Severe Disability

A Text for Rehabilitation Counselors, Other Vocational Practitioners, and Allied Health Professionals

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Author: Walter C. Stolov,Michael R. Clowers

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 9780756700249

Category:

Page: 445

View: 7220

Chapter include: comprehensive rehabilitation: evaluation & treatment; psychosocial adjustment to chronic disease & disability; significant body systems; disability consequences of bed rest; spinal cord injury; neuromuscular diseases; peripheral neuropathies; multiple sclerosis; stroke & cerebral trauma: cerebral palsy; epilepsy; amputation; rheumatic diseases; organic musculoskeletal back disorders; chronic pain; alcoholism; drug abuse; mental illness; mental retardation; sexual adjustment to chronic disease & disability; cardiovascular diseases; pulmonary dysfunction; diabetes mellitus; end-stage renal disease; hemophilia; sickle cell disease; cancers; blindness & visual impairments; hearing impairments & deafness; burn; plastic & reconstructive surgery.

Status Epilepticus

A Clinical Perspective

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Author: Frank W. Drislane

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1592599451

Category: Medical

Page: 363

View: 5172

A panel of senior clinicians critically reviews the many forms of status epilepticus (SE), their causes, manifestations, methods of diagnosis, and appropriate treatments. The emphasis is on the disease as encountered by the clinician in the field and the importance of correct recognition and diagnosis. The authors provide for each form of SE the underlying genetic, biological, and developmental background, the pathophysiological processes, as well as the precipitating factors that lead to an episode. For the difficult problem of diagnosing nonconvulsive SE, they offer detailed syndrome classifications, differential diagnoses, descriptions of seizure "imitators," notes on unusual behavioral and cognitive manifestations, and carefully delineated clinical presentations. Additional highlights include striking EEG reproductions that provide classic examples of patients in SE, SE in very young children and neonates, and an analysis of the cellular physiology and processes occurring during SE.

Saunders Manual of Small Animal Practice - E-Book

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Author: Stephen J. Birchard,Robert G. Sherding

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 141606429X

Category: Medical

Page: 2032

View: 8315

Meticulously organized by body system for optimal readability and ease of reference, the 3rd edition of this best-selling manual provides quick, comprehensive, and practical guidance on evaluating and managing a full range of common medical and surgical conditions encountered in small animal practice. Medical chapters discuss etiology, clinical signs, diagnoses and treatment, while surgical chapters discuss anatomy, preoperative considerations, procedures and postoperative care. It also contains an entire section devoted to avian and exotic pets and a comprehensive drug formulary. A consistent outline format provides easy access to information on etiology, clinical signs, diagnosis, and treatment for each disease or disorder, as well as anatomy, preoperative conditions, techniques, and postoperative care for surgical procedures. Key Points draw attention to helpful tips and key concepts. Includes a comprehensive section covering diagnosis, treatment, and surgery for avian and exotic pets. Features new chapters that cover key topics such as physical therapy and rehabilitation, pain management, vaccination guidelines, and syncope. Includes the latest information on drugs and clinical equipment throughout.

Seizure Prediction in Epilepsy

From Basic Mechanisms to Clinical Applications

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Author: Björn Schelter,Jens Timmer,Andreas Schulze-Bonhage

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527625208

Category: Science

Page: 369

View: 6133

Comprising some 30 contributions, experts from around the world present and discuss recent advances related to seizure prediction in epilepsy. The book covers an extraordinarily broad spectrum, starting from modeling epilepsy in single cells or networks of a few cells to precisely-tailored seizure prediction techniques as applied to human data. This unique overview of our current level of knowledge and future perspectives provides theoreticians as well as practitioners, newcomers and experts with an up-to-date survey of developments in this important field of research.

Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Epilepsy

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Author: Orrin Devinsky, MD,Steven V. Pacia, MD,Steven C. Shachter, MD

Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing

ISBN: 9781934559086

Category: Medical

Page: 344

View: 6084

Epilepsy is a difficult illness to control; up to 35% of patients do not respond fully to traditional medical treatments. For this reason, many sufferers choose to rely on or incorporate complementary and alternative medicine (CAM) into their treatment regimens. Written for physicians, knowledgeable laypersons, and other professionals, Complementary and Alternative Therapies for Epilepsy bridges the worlds of traditional medicine and CAM to foster a broader perspective of healthcare for patients. The book respects cultural differences that may incorporate alternative medicine into a medical management program, and encourages patients to safely continue receiving necessary medical treatments. Wherever possible, scientific evidence supports the choice of treatment modalities, as well as the effectiveness of a combined traditional and CAM approach. Readers will find incisive discussions in sections on: Learning to Reduce Seizures Asian, Herbal and Homeopathic Therapies Nutritional Therapies Alternative Medical Therapies Oxygen Therapies Manipulation and Osteopathic Therapies Music, Art, and Pet Therapies From stress and epilepsy, to acupuncture, massage, craniosacral therapies, homeopathy, ketogenic diets, aromatherapy, hypnosis, and more, the book is all-inclusive and enlightening. Additional commentary by the editors provides a critical vantage point from which to interpret the data and viewpoints of the contributors, all experts in the therapies presented. This balanced, scientific approach will appeal to even those most skeptical of alternative therapies, making the book essential for every professional who seeks to provide the broadest range of effective patient care.

Epilepsy and the Ketogenic Diet

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Author: Carl E. Stafstrom,Jong M. Rho

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1592598080

Category: Medical

Page: 355

View: 5883

The Nutrition and Health series of books has an overriding mission to provide health professionals with texts that are considered essential because each includes: (1) a synthe sis of the state of the science, (2) timely, in -depth reviews by the leading researchers in their respective fields, (3) extensive, up-to-date, fully annotated reference lists, (4) a detailed index, (5) relevant tables and figures, (6) identification of paradigm shifts and the consequences, (7) suggestions of areas for future research, and (8) balanced, data driven answers to patient /health professionals questions that are based upon the totality of evidence rather than the findings of any single study. The series volumes are not the outcome of a symposium. Rather, each editor has the potential to examine a chosen area with a broad perspective, both in subject matter as well as in the choice of chapter authors. The international perspective, especially with regard to public health initiatives, is emphasized where appropriate. The editors, whose trainings are both research- and practice-oriented, have the opportunity to develop a primary objective for their book; define the scope and focus, and then invite the leading authorities from around the world to be part oftheir initiative. The authors are encouraged to provide an overview of the field, discuss their own research, and relate the research findings to potential human health consequences.

Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures

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Author: Simon Shorvon,Renzo Guerrini,Mark Cook,Samden Lhatoo

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191640964

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 8243

Epilepsy is the most common serious neurological condition, affecting children and adults, and can occur in a variety of medical settings. It has many causes and many forms, and a variable prognosis. Mortality and morbidity are high, social and legal consequences can stretch well beyond the purely medical, and its management is often poor. Part of the Oxford Textbooks in Clinical Neurology (OTCN) series, this volume covers the scientific basis, clinical diagnosis, and treatment of epilepsy and epileptic seizures. Written by internationally-renowned specialists, each chapter comprehensively covers the current knowledge and evidence base related to each aspect of the disorder, with an emphasis on the personal experience of the authors. The print edition of the Oxford Textbook of Epilepsy and Epileptic Seizures is complemented by an online version, which allows access to the full content of the textbook, contains links from the references to primary research journal articles, enables full text searches, and provides access to figures and tables that can be downloaded to PowerPoint®. This textbook will prove a useful clinical reference for neurologists and senior trainees in neurology, an educational manual for trainees, and will offer practical assistance to all physicians advising people with epilepsy.

Imitators of Epilepsy

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Author: Dr. Robert S Fisher,Dr. Peter Kaplan

Publisher: Demos Medical Publishing

ISBN: 9781934559192

Category: Medical

Page: 408

View: 9264

Many patients referred for an epilepsy evaluation actually suffer from one of many conditions that can imitate it. Imitators of epilepsy are a diverse group that involve consideration of many areas of internal medicine, neurology, and psychiatry. The most important imitators of epileptic seizures are dizziness, vertigo, syncope, complicated migraine; and somewhat less frequently sleep disorders, transient cerebral ischemia, paroxysmal movement disorders, endocrine or metabolic dysfunction, delirium, psychiatric conditions or transient global amnesia. Clearly under-recognized are hyperventilation episodes, panic attacks, and other psychogenic and psychiatric paroxysmal disorders that may simulate epileptic seizures. This volume provides a comprehensive review of the differential diagnosis of seizures: how do the imitators of epilepsy present clinically, what are their particular distinguishing historical features, and what tests are helpful with diagnosis? Expanding beyond the first edition, this second edition is divided into four sections. The first deals with an introduction and approach diagnosing spells, the electroencephalography of epilepsy and its imitators, and specialized tests of diagnosis such as measurement of serum prolactin. There are chapters on epileptic seizures that do not look like typical epileptic seizures, and conversely, apparent epileptic seizures that are not. A second section approaches imitators of epileptic seizures along age-based lines; i.e., what sorts of spells are likely to beset infants, children, or the elderly? A third section addresses individual imitators of epilepsy, ranging from the common to the rare, from dizziness and faintness to startle disease, arranged according to whether they might simulate partial, generalized, or both types of epileptic seizures. The volume finishes off with hyperventilation syndrome, psychogenic seizures (with or without epilepsy), and panic disorders. Most chapters review the basic definitions and physiology of the respective imitator, followed by the clinical characteristics. Emphasis is given to those features that may differentiate it from an epileptic event, but also mark it for what it is, and give possible criteria for an alternate diagnosis. Case vignettes are used to illustrate particular aspects, along with tables that compare and contrast phenotypically similar conditions. Based on their extensive clinical experience, the authors provide a personal perspective on diagnosis and treatment.

Jelliffe

American Psychoanalyst and Physician and His Correspondence with Sigmund Freud and C. G. Jung

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Author: John Burnham

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 9780226081144

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 324

View: 4625

Smith Ely Jelliffe (1866-1945) was a distinguished American physician who became one of the first psychoanalysts in the world. This book, an account of his life and times, also includes his unpublished and hiterto unknown correspondence with Sigmund Freud and C. G. Jung, a correspondence of nearly thirty years which continued long after the historic break between Freud and Jung. John Burnham, a well-known historian of medicine and psychoanalysis, and William McGuire, the executive editor of Jung's collected works, have based this book on the recently discovered Jelliffe papers, an important collection once believed to have been lost in a fire. Jelliffe's colorful and versatile career led him from botany and neurology (he was coauthor of a neurology text that remained standard for some forty years) to psychiatry, psychoanalysis (of which he was a founding father in the United States), and psychosomatic medicine (in which he also pioneered). Jelliffe also made outstanding contributions to medical journalism. With William Alanson White he founded the Psychoanalytic Review, and his work as editor of the Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease from 1902 to 1944 may have set a record for editorial longevity. Jelliffe was a charismatic speaker and teacher who in all his roles induced physicians and other thinkers to explore new ideas and ways of thinking. Jelliffe's correspondence with Jung and Freud illuminates the personal and professional lives of the three men. The letters help to clarify concepts in both the Jungian and Freudian schools. The shifting emphasis of Jelliffe's relationships with the two masters of psychoanalysis—first when the two were colleagues, then for the greater span of time when they were rivals and adversaries—is revealing of Jenlliffe's own flexible views. Jelliffe, furthermore, provides insights into the history of medicine and medical institutions and customs through Jelliffe's frank accounts of the developing medical profession in America. Jelliffe describes, for example, what it was like for a young M.D. to set up an economically viable practice in the 1890s. In addition, Burnham explores the problem of measuring the influence of a man like Jelliffe upon the history of ideas and institutions.