Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science

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Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on the Science of Team Science

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309316855

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 1914

The past half-century has witnessed a dramatic increase in the scale and complexity of scientific research. The growing scale of science has been accompanied by a shift toward collaborative research, referred to as "team science." Scientific research is increasingly conducted by small teams and larger groups rather than individual investigators, but the challenges of collaboration can slow these teams' progress in achieving their scientific goals. How does a team-based approach work, and how can universities and research institutions support teams? Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science synthesizes and integrates the available research to provide guidance on assembling the science team; leadership, education and professional development for science teams and groups. It also examines institutional and organizational structures and policies to support science teams and identifies areas where further research is needed to help science teams and groups achieve their scientific and translational goals. This report offers major public policy recommendations for science research agencies and policymakers, as well as recommendations for individual scientists, disciplinary associations, and research universities. Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science will be of interest to university research administrators, team science leaders, science faculty, and graduate and postdoctoral students.

Essential Cybersecurity Science

Build, Test, and Evaluate Secure Systems

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Author: Josiah Dykstra

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491921064

Category: Computers

Page: 190

View: 1803

If you’re involved in cybersecurity as a software developer, forensic investigator, or network administrator, this practical guide shows you how to apply the scientific method when assessing techniques for protecting your information systems. You’ll learn how to conduct scientific experiments on everyday tools and procedures, whether you’re evaluating corporate security systems, testing your own security product, or looking for bugs in a mobile game. Once author Josiah Dykstra gets you up to speed on the scientific method, he helps you focus on standalone, domain-specific topics, such as cryptography, malware analysis, and system security engineering. The latter chapters include practical case studies that demonstrate how to use available tools to conduct domain-specific scientific experiments. Learn the steps necessary to conduct scientific experiments in cybersecurity Explore fuzzing to test how your software handles various inputs Measure the performance of the Snort intrusion detection system Locate malicious “needles in a haystack” in your network and IT environment Evaluate cryptography design and application in IoT products Conduct an experiment to identify relationships between similar malware binaries Understand system-level security requirements for enterprise networks and web services

Die 5 Dysfunktionen eines Teams

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Author: Patrick M. Lencioni,Andreas Schieberle

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527690352

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 186

View: 8822

Nach ihren ersten zwei Wochen als neuer CEO von DecisionTech fragte sich Kathryn Petersen angesichts der dortigen Probleme, ob es wirklich richtig gewesen war, den Job anzunehmen. Sie war eigentlich froh über die neue Aufgabe gewesen. Doch hatte sie nicht ahnen können, dass ihr Team so fürchterlich dysfunktional war und die Teammitglieder sie vor eine Herausforderung stellen würden, die sie niemals zuvor so erlebt hatte ... In "Die 5 Dyfunktionen eines Teams" begibt sich Patrick Lencioni in die faszinierende und komplexe Welt von Teams. In seiner Leadership-Fabel folgt der Leser der Geschichte von Kathryn Petersen, die sich mit der ultimativen Führungskrise konfrontiert sieht: die Einigung eines Teams, das sich in einer solchen Unordnung befindet, dass es den Erfolg und das Überleben des gesamten Unternehmens gefährdet. Im Verlauf der Geschichte enthüllt Lencioni die fünf entscheidenden Dysfunktionen, die oft dazu führen, dass Teams scheitern. Er stellt ein Modell und umsetzbare Schritte vor, die zu einem effektiven Team führen und die fünf Dysfunktionen beheben. Diese Dysfunktionen sind: - Fehlendes Vertrauen, - Scheu vor Konflikten, - Fehlendes Engagement, - Scheu vor Verantwortung, - Fehlende Ergebnis-Orientierung. Wie in seinen anderen Büchern hat Patrick Lencioni eine fesselnde Fabel geschrieben, die eine wichtige Botschaft für alle enthält, die danach streben, außergewöhnliche Teamleiter und Führungskräfte zu werden.

The Design of Everyday Things

Psychologie und Design der alltäglichen Dinge

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Author: Norman Don

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800648105

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 9485

Apple, Audi, Braun oder Samsung machen es vor: Gutes Design ist heute eine kritische Voraussetzung für erfolgreiche Produkte. Dieser Klassiker beschreibt die fundamentalen Prinzipien, um Dinge des täglichen Gebrauchs umzuwandeln in unterhaltsame und zufriedenstellende Produkte. Don Norman fordert ein Zusammenspiel von Mensch und Technologie mit dem Ziel, dass Designer und Produktentwickler die Bedürfnisse, Fähigkeiten und Handlungsweisen der Nutzer in den Vordergrund stellen und Designs an diesen angepasst werden. The Design of Everyday Things ist eine informative und spannende Einführung für Designer, Marketer, Produktentwickler und für alle an gutem Design interessierten Menschen. Zum Autor Don Norman ist emeritierter Professor für Kognitionswissenschaften. Er lehrte an der University of California in San Diego und der Northwest University in Illinois. Mitte der Neunzigerjahre leitete Don Norman die Advanced Technology Group bei Apple. Dort prägte er den Begriff der User Experience, um über die reine Benutzbarkeit hinaus eine ganzheitliche Erfahrung der Anwender im Umgang mit Technik in den Vordergrund zu stellen. Norman ist Mitbegründer der Beratungsfirma Nielsen Norman Group und hat unter anderem Autohersteller von BMW bis Toyota beraten. „Keiner kommt an Don Norman vorbei, wenn es um Fragen zu einem Design geht, das sich am Menschen orientiert.“ Brand Eins 7/2013 „Design ist einer der wichtigsten Wettbewerbsvorteile. Dieses Buch macht Spaß zu lesen und ist von größter Bedeutung.” Tom Peters, Co-Autor von „Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen“

Psychology of Science

Implicit and Explicit Processes

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Author: Robert W. Proctor,E.J. Capaldi

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199753628

Category: Medical

Page: 523

View: 8002

Symposium held at Purdue Univ. in June 4-5, 2010.

The Wiley-Blackwell Handbook of the Psychology of Coaching and Mentoring

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Author: Jonathan Passmore,David Peterson,Teresa Freire

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118326490

Category: Psychology

Page: 552

View: 1348

A state-of-the-art reference, drawing on key contemporary research to provide an in-depth, international, and competencies-based approach to the psychology of coaching and mentoring. Puts cutting-edge evidence at the fingertips of organizational psychology practitioners who need it most, but who do not always have the time or resources to keep up with scholarly research Thematic chapters cover theoretical models, efficacy, ethics, training, the influence of emerging fields such as neuroscience and mindfulness, virtual coaching and mentoring and more Contributors include Anthony Grant, David Clutterbuck, Susan David, Robert Garvey, Stephen Palmer, Reinhard Stelter, Robert Lee, David Lane, Tatiana Bachkirova and Carol Kauffman With a Foreword by Sir John Whitmore

Evaluation of Health Care Quality in Advanced Practice Nursing

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Author: Joanne V. Hickey, PhD, RN, FAAN, FCCM,Christine A. Brosnan, DrPH, RN

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 0826107672

Category: Medical

Page: 264

View: 1165

Named a 2013 Doody's Core Title! "This is a wonderful resource that fills a true gap in the literature. This is a topic that needs more exposure and more emphasis in the field of advanced practice nursing. The value of evaluation in healthcare quality will be seen in the outcomes of healthcare improvements." Score: 100, 5 Stars--Doody's Medical Reviews High-level evaluation skills reflecting national standards and benchmarks are becoming increasingly important in our changing health care climate. This is the only nursing textbook to lay the foundation for APNs to achieve the highest possible competency in conducting systematic and in-depth evaluations of all aspects of health care. Comprehensive in scope, it distills current best practice information from numerous sources to create a thorough and reliable resource for APN and DNP graduates. The text addresses both the theoretical basis of evaluation and its application as an integral part of contemporary practice. It provides an overview of evaluation science and critically examines the characteristics, sources, and quality of the nature of evidence. Several frameworks are described to provide the reader with different evaluation models, including those of economic evaluation. The text covers in detail the evaluation of organizations, systems, and standards for practice, including information systems and patient care technology, the redesign of health care in accordance with patient-family centered models, and the challenges of the current trend toward electronic medical records. Also addressed is the evaluation of populations and health care teams, including characteristics, risk factors, and determinants, as well as the emphasis on interdisciplinary collaborative health teams. Additionally, the text covers translating outcomes from evaluation into health care policy, and opportunities for advocacy and leadership among APNs. Key Features: Provides comprehensive coverage of evaluation of patient, population, systems, health team, and health care information systems technology outcomes Presents best practices and evidence-based practices that stress use in practice Uses case studies to illustrate application of evaluation in each practice area Stresses the importance of clear terminology in evaluation and provides definitions of relevant terms

Effective Teamwork

Practical Lessons from Organizational Research

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Author: Michael A. West

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444355341

Category: Psychology

Page: 320

View: 3737

Updated to reflect the latest research evidence, the third edition of Effective Teamwork provides business managers with the necessary guidance and tools to build and maintain effective teamwork strategies. A new edition of a bestselling book on teamwork from an acknowledged leader in the field Offers a unique integration of rigorous research with practical guidance to develop effective leadership teams Features new chapters on virtual teams and top management teams, plus contemporary themes of ethics and values Utilizes research based on positive psychology techniques

Organizational Psychology

A Scientist-Practitioner Approach

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Author: Steve M. Jex,Thomas W. Britt

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118724453

Category: Psychology

Page: 720

View: 2332

The foundation of organizational psychology, updated to reflectthe changing workplace Organizational Psychology: A Scientist-Practitioner Approach,Third Edition provides students with a thorough overview ofboth the science and practice of organizational psychology.Reflecting changes in the global workplace, the third editionexpands coverage of the effects of technology on processes andpersonnel, the generalizability of theories across cultures,including organizational climate, and employee health andwell-being. The new edition retains the hallmark features of thetext and Expanded coverage of the pervasive effects of technology on thesocial environment of work, including virtual work and the impactof social media. More graphics, including tables and charts, to help studentsunderstand and remember various related concepts and theories. Includes a unique full chapter on research methods and the useof statistics in understanding organizations. New chapter on the work/non-work interface, includingconsideration of both employees' life stages and changes over theircareers. Provides Instructors with comprehensive presentation andtesting materials. More on ethics, in light of relatively recent scandals incorporations and in politics. Expanded coverage throughout on cross-cultural issues anddiversity in organizations. Additional readings facilitate in-depth learning. Industrial and organizational psychologists contribute to thesuccess of an organization by improving the performance,satisfaction, and well-being of employees. By identifying howbehaviors and attitudes can be improved through hiring practices,training programs, and feedback and management systems, I/Opsychologists also help organizations transition during periods ofchange and development. Organizational Psychology: AScientist-Practitioner Approach, Third Edition is acomprehensive guide to the theory and application of behavioralscience in the workplace.

Group Work Leadership

An Introduction for Helpers

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Author: Robert K. Conyne

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 1483320812

Category: Education

Page: 376

View: 3663

Group Work Leadership: An Introduction for Helpers presents an evidence-based approach to the theory and practice of group work. Renowned counselor, psychologist, and group work fellow Dr. Robert K. Conyne advances this unique and evolving service in a three-part, comprehensive overview of the skills necessary for trainees of counseling and other helping professionals to succeed in group settings. Section I covers the breadth and foundations of group work; best practice and ethical considerations; dynamics and processes in group work; and how groups tend to develop over time. Section II explores group work leadership styles, methods, techniques, and strategies, as well as both traditional and innovative group work theories. Section III examines the role of reflection in group practice, as well as selecting effective intervention strategies in various settings.

Creating High Performance Teams

Applied Strategies and Tools for Managers and Team Members

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Author: Ray Aldag,Loren Kuzuhara

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136269622

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 416

View: 4101

Creating High Performance Teams is an accessible and thorough new introduction to this key area of business education. Written by teams experts Ray Aldag and Loren Kuzuhara, this book provides students with both a firm grounding in the key concepts of the field and the practical tools to become successful team managers and members. Built on a solid foundation of the most up to date research and theory, chapters are packed with case studies, real-world examples, tasks and discussion questions, while a companion website supports the book with a wealth of useful resources for students, team members, and instructors. Centered around an original model for high performance teams, topics covered include: Building and developing effective teams Managing diversity Effective communication Team processes – meetings, performance management Dealing with change and team problems Current issues – virtual teams, globalization With its combined emphasis on principles and application, interwoven with the tools, topics, and teams most relevant today, Creating High Performance Teams is perfectly placed to equip upper-level undergraduate and MBA students with the knowledge and skills necessary to take on teams in any situation.

Die Grundsätze wissenschaftlicher Betriebsführung

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Author: Frederick Winslow Taylor,R. Roesler

Publisher: BoD – Books on Demand

ISBN: 3861957132

Category:

Page: 96

View: 9560

Fredericks W. Taylors Werk "Die Grunds tze wissenschaftlicher Betriebsf hrung" ist einer der wichtigsten betriebswirtschaftlichen Klassiker. Das Buch von Taylor (1856-1915) begr ndet den Taylorismus, der den richtigen Bewegungsablauf aus umfangreichen Zeit- und Arbeitsstudien ermittelte. Taylor untersuchte als Inginieur verschiedene Unternehmen und bewirkte in diesen Branchen deutliche Verbesserungen.

Cultural Processes

A Social Psychological Perspective

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Author: Angela K.-y. Leung,Chi-yue Chiu,Ying-yi Hong

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139494775

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 2333

With the rapid growth of knowledge concerning ethnic and national group differences in human behaviors in the last two decades, researchers are increasingly curious as to why, how, and when such differences surface. The field is ready to leapfrog from a descriptive science of group differences to a science of cultural processes. The goal of this book is to lay the theoretical foundation for this exciting development by proposing an original process model of culture. This new perspective discusses and extends contemporary social psychological theories of social cognition and social motivation to explain why culture matters in human psychology. We view culture as a loose network of imperfectly shared knowledge representations for coordinating social transactions. As such, culture serves different adaptive functions important for individuals' goal pursuits. Furthermore, with the increasingly globalized and hyper-connected multicultural space, much can be revealed about how different cultural traditions come into contact.

Theorie sozialer Konflikte

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Author: Lewis A. Coser

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531165820

Category: Social Science

Page: 195

View: 1702

Lewis A. Coser versucht in diesem Klassiker der modernen Sozialwissenschaften im Anschluß an Georg Simmels berühmter Untersuchung über den "Streit" den Begriff des sozialen Konfliktes zu klären und dessen empirische Anwendungsmöglichkeiten aufzuzeigen. Als eines der wichtigsten Bücher der neueren Konfliktforschung hat es in der zweiten Hälfte des 20. Jahrhunderts die in diesem Zusammenhang geführten theoretischen Kontroversen maßgeblich bestimmt und eine Vielzahl von empirischen Untersuchungen angeregt.

Das Zeitalter der Erkenntnis

Die Erforschung des Unbewussten in Kunst, Geist und Gehirn von der Wiener Moderne bis heute

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Author: Eric Kandel

Publisher: Siedler Verlag

ISBN: 3641099854

Category: Science

Page: 704

View: 7576

Was passiert in unserem Gehirn, wenn wir Kunst betrachten? Nobelpreisträger Eric Kandel hat mit »Das Zeitalter der Erkenntnis« ein brillantes Buch geschrieben, das uns in das Wien Sigmund Freuds, Gustav Klimts und Arthur Schnitzlers entführt. Dort setzten um 1900 die angesehensten Köpfe der Naturwissenschaft, Medizin und Kunst eine Revolution in Gang, die den Blick auf den menschlichen Geist und seine Beziehung zur Kunst für immer verändern sollte.

Auf der Suche nach Spitzenleistungen

was man von den bestgeführten US-Unternehmen lernen kann

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Author: Thomas J. Peters,Robert H. Waterman

Publisher: Redline Wirtschaft

ISBN: 9783636031532

Category:

Page: 395

View: 343

Soziale Intelligenz

Wer auf andere zugehen kann, hat mehr vom Leben

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Author: Daniel Goleman

Publisher: Droemer eBook

ISBN: 3426451166

Category: Self-Help

Page: 560

View: 4236

Daniel Goleman, Autor des Weltbestsellers Emotionale Intelligenz, präsentiert auf Basis der Psychologie und Hirnforschung revolutionäre Erkenntnisse: Unsere „soziale Intelligenz“ ist nicht nur grundlegend für den täglichen Umgang mit Fremden, Freunden, Partnern und Kollegen, sondern sie beeinflusst auch direkt unser persönliches Glück. „Soziale Intelligenz“ ist zunächst unabdingbar für das Funktionieren unserer Gesellschaft. Sie bildet aber auch die Grundlage jeder ausfüllenden zwischenmenschlichen Beziehung – sei es die zwischen Mann und Frau, Eltern und Kind oder zwischen Vorgesetzten und Mitarbeitern. Damit ist sie auch ursächlich verantwortlich für unser ganz persönliches seelisches und körperliches Wohlbefinden. Die gute Nachricht dieses Buches: Wir selbst können die Qualität dieser Beziehungen gestalten, unsere Fähigkeit zur Empathie stärken und somit unsere soziale Kompetenz verbessern.

Leadership Challenge

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Author: James M. Kouzes,Barry Z. Posner

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527503742

Category: Executive ability

Page: 382

View: 6001

Through research, interviews and the experience of hundreds of managers, Kouzes and Posner show how leadership can be learned and mastered by all. Readable, interesting, and up-to-date. Highly recommended.--Library Journal.

Social Ecology in the Digital Age

Solving Complex Problems in a Globalized World

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Author: Daniel Stokols

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012803114X

Category: Nature

Page: 406

View: 370

Social Ecology in the Digital Age: Solving Complex Problems in a Globalized World provides a comprehensive overview of social ecological theory, research, and practice. Written by renowned expert Daniel Stokols, the book distills key principles from diverse strands of ecological science, offering a robust framework for transdisciplinary research and societal problem-solving. The existential challenges of the 21st Century - global climate change and climate-change denial, environmental pollution, biodiversity loss, food insecurity, disease pandemics, inter-ethnic violence and the threat of nuclear war, cybercrime, the Digital Divide, and extreme poverty and income inequality confronting billions each day - cannot be understood and managed adequately from narrow disciplinary or political perspectives. Social Ecology in the Digital Age is grounded in scientific research but written in a personal and informal style from the vantage point of a former student, current teacher and scholar who has contributed over four decades to the field of social ecology. The book will be of interest to scholars, students, educators, government leaders and community practitioners working in several fields including social and human ecology, psychology, sociology, anthropology, criminology, law, education, biology, medicine, public health, earth system and sustainability science, geography, environmental design, urban planning, informatics, public policy and global governance. Winner of the 2018 Gerald L. Young Book Award from The Society for Human Ecology "Exemplifying the highest standards of scholarly work in the field of human ecology." https://societyforhumanecology.org/human-ecology-homepage/awards/gerald-l-young-book-award-in-human-ecology/ The book traces historical origins and conceptual foundations of biological, human, and social ecology Offers a new conceptual framework that brings together earlier approaches to social ecology and extends them in novel directions Highlights the interrelations between four distinct but closely intertwined spheres of human environments: our natural, built, sociocultural, and virtual (cyber-based) surroundings Spans local to global scales and individual, organizational, community, regional, and global levels of analysis Applies core principles of social ecology to identify multi-level strategies for promoting personal and public health, resolving complex social problems, managing global environmental change, and creating resilient and sustainable communities Underscores social ecology’s vital importance for understanding and managing the environmental and political upheavals of the 21st Century Highlights descriptive, analytic, and transformative (or moral) concerns of social ecology Presents strategies for educating the next generation of social ecologists emphasizing transdisciplinary, team-based, translational, and transcultural approaches