Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement

A Radical Democratic Vision

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Author: Barbara Ransby

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807862704

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 602

One of the most important African American leaders of the twentieth century and perhaps the most influential woman in the civil rights movement, Ella Baker (1903-1986) was an activist whose remarkable career spanned fifty years and touched thousands of lives. A gifted grassroots organizer, Baker shunned the spotlight in favor of vital behind-the-scenes work that helped power the black freedom struggle. She was a national officer and key figure in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, one of the founders of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and a prime mover in the creation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Baker made a place for herself in predominantly male political circles that included W. E. B. Du Bois, Thurgood Marshall, and Martin Luther King Jr., all the while maintaining relationships with a vibrant group of women, students, and activists both black and white. In this deeply researched biography, Barbara Ransby chronicles Baker's long and rich political career as an organizer, an intellectual, and a teacher, from her early experiences in depression-era Harlem to the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Ransby shows Baker to be a complex figure whose radical, democratic worldview, commitment to empowering the black poor, and emphasis on group-centered, grassroots leadership set her apart from most of her political contemporaries. Beyond documenting an extraordinary life, the book paints a vivid picture of the African American fight for justice and its intersections with other progressive struggles worldwide across the twentieth century.

Program

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Author: Organization of American Historians. Meeting

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Historians

Page: N.A

View: 5194

Manliness and Its Discontents

The Black Middle Class and the Transformation of Masculinity, 1900-1930

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Author: Martin Summers

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 080786417X

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 7469

In a pathbreaking new assessment of the shaping of black male identity in the early twentieth century, Martin Summers explores how middle-class African American and African Caribbean immigrant men constructed a gendered sense of self through organizational life, work, leisure, and cultural production. Examining both the public and private aspects of gender formation, Summers challenges the current trajectory of masculinity studies by treating black men as historical agents in their own identity formation, rather than as screens on which white men projected their own racial and gender anxieties and desires. Manliness and Its Discontents focuses on four distinct yet overlapping social milieus: the fraternal order of Prince Hall Freemasonry; the black nationalist Universal Negro Improvement Association, or the Garvey movement; the modernist circles of the Harlem Renaissance; and the campuses of historically black Howard and Fisk Universities. Between 1900 and 1930, Summers argues, dominant notions of what it meant to be a man within the black middle class changed from a Victorian ideal of manliness--characterized by the importance of producer values, respectability, and patriarchy--to a modern ethos of masculinity, which was shaped more by consumption, physicality, and sexuality. Summers evaluates the relationships between black men and black women as well as relationships among black men themselves, broadening our understanding of the way that gender works along with class, sexuality, and age to shape identities and produce relationships of power.

Toward an Intellectual History of Black Women

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Author: Mia E. Bay,Farah J. Griffin,Martha S. Jones,Barbara D. Savage

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469620928

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 9890

Despite recent advances in the study of black thought, black women intellectuals remain often neglected. This collection of essays by fifteen scholars of history and literature establishes black women's places in intellectual history by engaging the work of writers, educators, activists, religious leaders, and social reformers in the United States, Africa, and the Caribbean. Dedicated to recovering the contributions of thinkers marginalized by both their race and their gender, these essays uncover the work of unconventional intellectuals, both formally educated and self-taught, and explore the broad community of ideas in which their work participated. The end result is a field-defining and innovative volume that addresses topics ranging from religion and slavery to the politicized and gendered reappraisal of the black female body in contemporary culture. Contributors are Mia E. Bay, Judith Byfield, Alexandra Cornelius, Thadious Davis, Corinne T. Field, Arlette Frund, Kaiama L. Glover, Farah J. Griffin, Martha S. Jones, Natasha Lightfoot, Sherie Randolph, Barbara D. Savage, Jon Sensbach, Maboula Soumahoro, and Cheryl Wall.

Ich weiß, warum der gefangene Vogel singt

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Author: Maya Angelou

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518759442

Category: Fiction

Page: 321

View: 5157

Die Ikone der afroamerikanischen Literatur, ihr epochemachendes Werk: Maya Angelou wächst in den Dreißigerjahren im Kramerladen ihrer Großmutter am Rande einer Baumwollplantage auf. Für sie und ihren Bruder ein Ort des Zaubers und des Spiels inmitten einer schwarzen Gemeinde, die der Hass und die Armut auszulöschen droht ... Dieses Buch erzählt die Geschichte eines trotzigen Mädchens im Kampf gegen unvorstellbare Widerstände. Und zur gleichen Zeit singt es die schönste Hymne auf die weltverändernde Kraft der Worte, der Fantasie, der Zärtlichkeit im Angesicht des Grauens. »Eine Offenbarung und mein Talisman.« Oprah Winfrey »Sie hatte neunzehn Talente, gebrauchte zehn und war ein richtiges Original.« Toni Morrison »Markiert den Anfang einer neuen Ära.« James Baldwin »Das erste Buch, das ich als Jugendliche gelesen habe.« Rihanna »Eine phänomenale Frau!« Beyoncé

My Song

Die Autobiographie

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Author: Harry Belafonte,Michael Shnayerson

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462305344

Category: Music

Page: 656

View: 3405

Eine mitreißende Jahrhundertgeschichte: Harry Belafontes Autobiographie Sänger, Schauspieler, politischer Aktivist. Harry Belafontes Leben mutet an wie ein Märchen und liest sich wie ein Roman: Aus ärmlichen Verhältnissen stammend, wurde er zu einem der bekanntesten und beliebtesten Entertainer unserer Zeit. Ein Mann, der die Macht, die ihm seine Popularität verleiht, seit Jahrzehnten nutzt, um für eine gerechtere Gesellschaft zu kämpfen. Er kannte sie alle: Eleanor Roosevelt, Sidney Poitier, John F. Kennedy, Martin Luther King, Jr., Robert Kennedy, Nelson Mandela, Fidel Castro. Die Lebensgeschichte Harry Belafontes ist eine Jahrhundertstory. Auf wunderbar lebendige Weise erzählt er von seiner Kindheit im Harlem der 1930er-Jahre, wo Ganoven den Ton angaben, von Kindheitstagen zwischen jamaikanischen Bananenplan tagen, von seinen Kollegen in der Schauspielklasse des deutschen Exilanten Erwin Piscator – Marlon Brando, Walter Matthau und Tony Curtis – damals allesamt noch so unbekannt wie Belafonte, von den Anfängen der Bürgerrechtsbewegung, seiner Freundschaft mit Martin Luther King, Jr., und wie es dazu kam, dass er 1960 Wahlkampfwerbung für John F. Kennedy machte. Bis heute hat Harry Belafonte, seit Jahren UNICEF-Botschafter, nichts von seiner Leidenschaft für den politischen Kampf eingebüßt: Er wirft Barack Obama vor, nicht genug Herz für die Armen zu zeigen, und sucht, gerade auch mit diesem Buch, den Dialog mit politisch aktiven jungen Menschen auf der ganzen Welt. Eine inspirierende Autobiographie, ein Buch, das vor Energie und Lebensfreude vibriert wie die Songs Harry Belafontes.

Children of Fire

A History of African Americans

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Author: Thomas C. Holt

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 9780809067138

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 3448

Ordinary people don’t experience history as it is taught by historians. They live across the convenient chronological divides we impose on the past. The same people who lived through the Civil War and the eradication of slavery also dealt with the hardships of Reconstruction, so why do we almost always treat them separately? In Children of Fire, renowned historian Thomas C. Holt challenges this form to tell the story of generations of African Americans through the lived experience of the subjects themselves, with all of the nuances, ironies, contradictions, and complexities one might expect. Building on seminal books like John Hope Franklin’s From Slavery to Freedom and many others, Holt captures the entire African American experience from the moment the first twenty African slaves were sold at Jamestown in 1619. Each chapter focuses on a generation of individuals who shaped the course of American history, hoping for a better life for their children but often confronting the ebb and flow of their civil rights and status within society. Many familiar faces grace these pages—Frederick Douglass, W.E.B. DuBois, Martin Luther King, and Barack Obama—but also some overlooked ones. Figures like Anthony Johnson, a slave who bought his freedom in late seventeenth century Virginia and built a sizable plantation, only to have it stolen away from his children by an increasingly racist court system. Or Frank Moore, a WWI veteran and sharecropper who sued his landlord for unfair practices, but found himself charged with murder after fighting off an angry white posse. Taken together, their stories tell how African Americans fashioned a culture and identity amid the turmoil of four centuries of American history.

Many Minds, One Heart

SNCC's Dream for a New America

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Author: Wesley C. Hogan

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807867896

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 1110

How did the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee break open the caste system in the American South between 1960 and 1965? In this innovative study, Wesley Hogan explores what SNCC accomplished and, more important, how it fostered significant social change in such a short time. She offers new insights into the internal dynamics of SNCC as well as the workings of the larger civil rights and Black Power movement of which it was a part. As Hogan chronicles, the members of SNCC created some of the civil rights movement's boldest experiments in freedom, including the sit-ins of 1960, the rejuvenated Freedom Rides of 1961, and grassroots democracy projects in Georgia and Mississippi. She highlights several key players--including Charles Sherrod, Bob Moses, and Fannie Lou Hamer--as innovators of grassroots activism and democratic practice. Breaking new ground, Hogan shows how SNCC laid the foundation for the emergence of the New Left and created new definitions of political leadership during the civil rights and Vietnam eras. She traces the ways other social movements--such as Black Power, women's liberation, and the antiwar movement--adapted practices developed within SNCC to apply to their particular causes. Many Minds, One Heart ultimately reframes the movement and asks us to look anew at where America stands on justice and equality today.

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

Volume 24: Race

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Author: Thomas C. Holt,Laurie Beth Green,Charles Reagan Wilson

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469607247

Category: Reference

Page: 320

View: 1247

There is no denying that race is a critical issue in understanding the South. However, this concluding volume of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture challenges previous understandings, revealing the region's rich, ever-expanding diversity and providing new explorations of race relations. In 36 thematic and 29 topical essays, contributors examine such subjects as the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, Japanese American incarceration in the South, relations between African Americans and Native Americans, Chinese men adopting Mexican identities, Latino religious practices, and Vietnamese life in the region. Together the essays paint a nuanced portrait of how concepts of race in the South have influenced its history, art, politics, and culture beyond the familiar binary of black and white.

The Cambridge Companion to Malcolm X

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Author: Robert E. Terrill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139825453

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

View: 1536

Malcolm X is one of the most important figures in the twentieth-century struggle for equality in America. With the passing of time, and changing attitudes to race and religion in American society, the significance of a public figure like Malcolm X continues to evolve and to challenge. This Companion presents new perspectives on Malcolm X's life and legacy in a series of specially commissioned essays by prominent scholars from a range of disciplines. As a result, this is an unusually rich analysis of this important African American leader, orator, and cultural icon. Intended as a source of information on his life, career and influence and as an innovative substantive scholarly contribution in its own right, the book also includes an introduction, a chronology of the life of Malcolm X, and a select bibliography.

Exodus Politics

Civil Rights and Leadership in African American Literature and Culture

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Author: Robert J. Patterson

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 081393527X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 216

View: 4162

Using the term "exodus politics" to theorize the valorization of black male leadership in the movement for civil rights, Robert J. Patterson explores the ways in which the political strategies and ideologies of this movement paradoxically undermined the collective enfranchisement of black people. He argues that by narrowly conceptualizing civil rights in only racial terms and relying solely on a male figure, conventional African American leadership, though frequently redemptive, can also erode the very goals of civil rights. The author turns to contemporary African American writers such as Ernest Gaines, Gayl Jones, Alice Walker, and Charles Johnson to show how they challenge the dominant models of civil rights leadership. He draws on a variety of disciplines—including black feminism, civil rights history, cultural studies, and liberation theology—in order to develop a more nuanced formulation of black subjectivity and politics. Patterson's connection of the concept of racial rights to gender and sexual rights allows him to illuminate the literature's promotion of more expansive models. By considering the competing and varied political interests of black communities, these writers reimagine the dominant models in a way that can empower communities to be self-sustaining in the absence of a messianic male leader.

America, History and Life

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Canada

Page: N.A

View: 9583

Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.

Angst und Schrecken im Wahlkampf

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Author: Hunter S. Thompson

Publisher: Heyne Verlag

ISBN: 3641172144

Category: Fiction

Page: 576

View: 1622

Zwölf Monate aus dem Leben des legendären Gonzojournalisten 1972 hat Hunter S. Thompson die Tour des amerikanischen Präsidentschaftswahlkampfes begleitet und in diesem Buch schonungslos Bilanz gezogen. Er enthüllt die Intrigen hinter den Kulissen des Wahlkampfes und entlarvt dabei die Mechanismen des politischen Machtkampfes. Ein kritisches Statement, das noch immer Gültigkeit hat.

We were eight years in power

Eine amerikanische Tragödie

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Author: Ta-Nehisi Coates

Publisher: Hanser Berlin

ISBN: 3446259805

Category: Political Science

Page: 416

View: 1243

Mit Barack Obama sollte die amerikanische Gesellschaft ihren jahrhundertealten Rassismus überwinden. Am Ende seiner Amtszeit zerschlugen sich die Reste dieser Hoffnung mit der Machtübernahme Donald Trumps, den Ta-Nehisi Coates als "Amerikas ersten weißen Präsidenten" bezeichnet: ein Mann, dessen politische Existenz in der Abgrenzung zu Obama besteht. Coates zeichnet ein bestechend kluges und leidenschaftliches Porträt der Obama-Ära und ihres Vermächtnisses – ein essenzielles Werk zum Verständnis der Vergangenheit, Gegenwart und Zukunft der USA, von einem Autor, dessen eigene Geschichte jener acht Jahre von einem Arbeitsamt in Harlem bis ins Oval Office führte, wo er den Präsidenten interviewte.

Freedom Facts and Firsts

400 Years of the African American Civil Rights Experience

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Author: Jessie Carney Smith,Linda T Wynn

Publisher: Visible Ink Press

ISBN: 1578592607

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 660

Spanning nearly 400 years from the early abolitionists to the present, this guide book profiles more than 400 people, places, and events that have shaped the history of the black struggle for freedom. Coverage includes information on such mainstay figures as Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, and Rosa Parks, but also delves into how lesser known figures contributed to and shaped the history of civil rights. Learn how the Housewives' League of Detroit started a nationwide movement to support black businesses, helping many to survive the depression; or discover what effect sports journalist Samuel Harold Lacy had on Jackie Robinson's historic entrance into the major leagues. This comprehensive resource chronicles the breadth and passion of an entire people's quest for freedom.

Mobilizing New York

AIDS, Antipoverty, and Feminist Activism

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Author: Tamar W. Carroll

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 146961989X

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 1403

Examining three interconnected case studies, Tamar Carroll powerfully demonstrates the ability of grassroots community activism to bridge racial and cultural differences and effect social change. Drawing on a rich array of oral histories, archival records, newspapers, films, and photographs from post–World War II New York City, Carroll shows how poor people transformed the antipoverty organization Mobilization for Youth and shaped the subsequent War on Poverty. Highlighting the little-known National Congress of Neighborhood Women, she reveals the significant participation of working-class white ethnic women and women of color in New York City's feminist activism. Finally, Carroll traces the partnership between the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) and Women's Health Action Mobilization (WHAM!), showing how gay men and feminists collaborated to create a supportive community for those affected by the AIDS epidemic, to improve health care, and to oppose homophobia and misogyny during the culture wars of the 1980s and 1990s. Carroll contends that social policies that encourage the political mobilization of marginalized groups and foster coalitions across identity differences are the most effective means of solving social problems and realizing democracy.