Ella Baker and the Black Freedom Movement

A Radical Democratic Vision

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Author: Barbara Ransby

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807862704

Category: Political Science

Page: 496

View: 5896

One of the most important African American leaders of the twentieth century and perhaps the most influential woman in the civil rights movement, Ella Baker (1903-1986) was an activist whose remarkable career spanned fifty years and touched thousands of lives. A gifted grassroots organizer, Baker shunned the spotlight in favor of vital behind-the-scenes work that helped power the black freedom struggle. She was a national officer and key figure in the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, one of the founders of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference, and a prime mover in the creation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee. Baker made a place for herself in predominantly male political circles that included W. E. B. Du Bois, Thurgood Marshall, and Martin Luther King Jr., all the while maintaining relationships with a vibrant group of women, students, and activists both black and white. In this deeply researched biography, Barbara Ransby chronicles Baker's long and rich political career as an organizer, an intellectual, and a teacher, from her early experiences in depression-era Harlem to the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s. Ransby shows Baker to be a complex figure whose radical, democratic worldview, commitment to empowering the black poor, and emphasis on group-centered, grassroots leadership set her apart from most of her political contemporaries. Beyond documenting an extraordinary life, the book paints a vivid picture of the African American fight for justice and its intersections with other progressive struggles worldwide across the twentieth century.

Ali

Ein Leben

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Author: Jonathan Eig

Publisher: DVA

ISBN: 3641172179

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 704

View: 2145

Das schillernde Leben der Boxlegende ganz neu erzählt Muhammad Ali – drei Mal unumstrittener Boxweltmeister – ist eine der schillerndsten Figuren des 20. Jahrhunderts, seine Geschichte verknüpft mit den großen politischen und kulturellen Konflikten seiner Zeit. Für viele ist er ein Symbol für den Kampf für Freiheit und gegen Unterdrückung. Dem Menschen hinter dieser Heldensaga sind wir jedoch nie nahe gekommen. Der Bestsellerautor und Sportlerbiograph Jonathan Eig erzählt dieses außergewöhnliche Leben auf der Basis bisher unbekannter Quellen noch einmal neu. Der »echte Ali« war Pazifist und Boxer, Muslim und treuloser Ehemann, ein Schwarzer, der zum Symbol für den Kampf gegen Rassismus aufstieg, aber seinesgleichen demütigte – ein Leben voller Brüche und Widersprüche. Mit Bildteil

#BlackLivesMatter

Eine Geschichte vom Überleben

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Author: Patrisse Khan-Cullors,asha bandele

Publisher: Kiepenheuer & Witsch

ISBN: 3462318187

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 288

View: 321

Wie viel ein schwarzes Leben zählt. Patrisse Khan-Cullors, die Mitbegründerin der neuen Bürgerrechtsbewegung #BlackLivesMatter, erzählt in diesem Buch vom Aufwachsen in einem Land, das von Armut, Ungleichheit und rassistischer Polizeigewalt geprägt ist. Sie schildert, wie sie Menschen begegnet, die entschlossen sind, Amerika zu verändern. Gemeinsam mit ihnen fordert sie eine neue Antwort auf eine alte Frage: Wie viel zählt ein schwarzes Leben? Als im Sommer 2013 der Nachbarschaftswachmann George Zimmerman, der den 17-jährigen schwarzen Schüler Trayvon Martin erschossen hat, freigesprochen wird, entsteht in den USA eine neue Bürgerrechtsbewegung unter dem Hashtag #BlackLivesMatter. In diesem Buch erzählt die Mitbegründerin ihre Geschichte. Patrisse Khan-Cullors wird in einem der ärmsten Viertel von Los Angeles geboren. Schon als kleines Mädchen erlebt sie den grundlegenden Unterschied, den ihre Hautfarbe bedeutet: in der Schule, in Freundschaften, in der Nachbarschaft. Der Zusammenhalt in ihrer Familie wird immer wieder auf die Probe gestellt – ihre Eltern, Verwandten und Geschwister kämpfen verzweifelt gegen die Folgen von Polizeigewalt, Ausbeutung in McJobs, Drogensucht, Rassismus und staatlicher Willkür. Auf dem Weg in ein selbstbestimmtes und freies Leben helfen ihr Kunst, Bildung und große Offenheit für andere Menschen. Ein Netzwerk entsteht, dessen Engagement über den Kampf gegen Rassismus hinausgeht. In eindringlicher Sprache erzählt Patrisse Khan-Cullors aus dem Alltag eines unbekannten Amerikas. Ihre zutiefst bewegende Geschichte hat eine einfache Botschaft: #BlackLivesMatter.

Program

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Author: Organization of American Historians. Meeting

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Historians

Page: N.A

View: 1467

Manliness and Its Discontents

The Black Middle Class and the Transformation of Masculinity, 1900-1930

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Author: Martin Summers

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 080786417X

Category: Social Science

Page: 400

View: 4955

In a pathbreaking new assessment of the shaping of black male identity in the early twentieth century, Martin Summers explores how middle-class African American and African Caribbean immigrant men constructed a gendered sense of self through organizational life, work, leisure, and cultural production. Examining both the public and private aspects of gender formation, Summers challenges the current trajectory of masculinity studies by treating black men as historical agents in their own identity formation, rather than as screens on which white men projected their own racial and gender anxieties and desires. Manliness and Its Discontents focuses on four distinct yet overlapping social milieus: the fraternal order of Prince Hall Freemasonry; the black nationalist Universal Negro Improvement Association, or the Garvey movement; the modernist circles of the Harlem Renaissance; and the campuses of historically black Howard and Fisk Universities. Between 1900 and 1930, Summers argues, dominant notions of what it meant to be a man within the black middle class changed from a Victorian ideal of manliness--characterized by the importance of producer values, respectability, and patriarchy--to a modern ethos of masculinity, which was shaped more by consumption, physicality, and sexuality. Summers evaluates the relationships between black men and black women as well as relationships among black men themselves, broadening our understanding of the way that gender works along with class, sexuality, and age to shape identities and produce relationships of power.

Toward an Intellectual History of Black Women

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Author: Mia E. Bay,Farah J. Griffin,Martha S. Jones,Barbara D. Savage

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469620928

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 7348

Despite recent advances in the study of black thought, black women intellectuals remain often neglected. This collection of essays by fifteen scholars of history and literature establishes black women's places in intellectual history by engaging the work of writers, educators, activists, religious leaders, and social reformers in the United States, Africa, and the Caribbean. Dedicated to recovering the contributions of thinkers marginalized by both their race and their gender, these essays uncover the work of unconventional intellectuals, both formally educated and self-taught, and explore the broad community of ideas in which their work participated. The end result is a field-defining and innovative volume that addresses topics ranging from religion and slavery to the politicized and gendered reappraisal of the black female body in contemporary culture. Contributors are Mia E. Bay, Judith Byfield, Alexandra Cornelius, Thadious Davis, Corinne T. Field, Arlette Frund, Kaiama L. Glover, Farah J. Griffin, Martha S. Jones, Natasha Lightfoot, Sherie Randolph, Barbara D. Savage, Jon Sensbach, Maboula Soumahoro, and Cheryl Wall.

Children of Fire

A History of African Americans

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Author: Thomas C. Holt

Publisher: Hill and Wang

ISBN: 9780809067138

Category: History

Page: 464

View: 1993

Ordinary people don’t experience history as it is taught by historians. They live across the convenient chronological divides we impose on the past. The same people who lived through the Civil War and the eradication of slavery also dealt with the hardships of Reconstruction, so why do we almost always treat them separately? In Children of Fire, renowned historian Thomas C. Holt challenges this form to tell the story of generations of African Americans through the lived experience of the subjects themselves, with all of the nuances, ironies, contradictions, and complexities one might expect. Building on seminal books like John Hope Franklin’s From Slavery to Freedom and many others, Holt captures the entire African American experience from the moment the first twenty African slaves were sold at Jamestown in 1619. Each chapter focuses on a generation of individuals who shaped the course of American history, hoping for a better life for their children but often confronting the ebb and flow of their civil rights and status within society. Many familiar faces grace these pages—Frederick Douglass, W.E.B. DuBois, Martin Luther King, and Barack Obama—but also some overlooked ones. Figures like Anthony Johnson, a slave who bought his freedom in late seventeenth century Virginia and built a sizable plantation, only to have it stolen away from his children by an increasingly racist court system. Or Frank Moore, a WWI veteran and sharecropper who sued his landlord for unfair practices, but found himself charged with murder after fighting off an angry white posse. Taken together, their stories tell how African Americans fashioned a culture and identity amid the turmoil of four centuries of American history.

Many Minds, One Heart

SNCC's Dream for a New America

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Author: Wesley C. Hogan

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 0807867896

Category: History

Page: 480

View: 4774

How did the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee break open the caste system in the American South between 1960 and 1965? In this innovative study, Wesley Hogan explores what SNCC accomplished and, more important, how it fostered significant social change in such a short time. She offers new insights into the internal dynamics of SNCC as well as the workings of the larger civil rights and Black Power movement of which it was a part. As Hogan chronicles, the members of SNCC created some of the civil rights movement's boldest experiments in freedom, including the sit-ins of 1960, the rejuvenated Freedom Rides of 1961, and grassroots democracy projects in Georgia and Mississippi. She highlights several key players--including Charles Sherrod, Bob Moses, and Fannie Lou Hamer--as innovators of grassroots activism and democratic practice. Breaking new ground, Hogan shows how SNCC laid the foundation for the emergence of the New Left and created new definitions of political leadership during the civil rights and Vietnam eras. She traces the ways other social movements--such as Black Power, women's liberation, and the antiwar movement--adapted practices developed within SNCC to apply to their particular causes. Many Minds, One Heart ultimately reframes the movement and asks us to look anew at where America stands on justice and equality today.

The Cambridge Companion to Malcolm X

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Author: Robert E. Terrill

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139825453

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: N.A

View: 7906

Malcolm X is one of the most important figures in the twentieth-century struggle for equality in America. With the passing of time, and changing attitudes to race and religion in American society, the significance of a public figure like Malcolm X continues to evolve and to challenge. This Companion presents new perspectives on Malcolm X's life and legacy in a series of specially commissioned essays by prominent scholars from a range of disciplines. As a result, this is an unusually rich analysis of this important African American leader, orator, and cultural icon. Intended as a source of information on his life, career and influence and as an innovative substantive scholarly contribution in its own right, the book also includes an introduction, a chronology of the life of Malcolm X, and a select bibliography.

The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture

Volume 24: Race

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Author: Thomas C. Holt,Laurie Beth Green,Charles Reagan Wilson

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469607247

Category: Reference

Page: 320

View: 5112

There is no denying that race is a critical issue in understanding the South. However, this concluding volume of The New Encyclopedia of Southern Culture challenges previous understandings, revealing the region's rich, ever-expanding diversity and providing new explorations of race relations. In 36 thematic and 29 topical essays, contributors examine such subjects as the Tuskegee Syphilis Study, Japanese American incarceration in the South, relations between African Americans and Native Americans, Chinese men adopting Mexican identities, Latino religious practices, and Vietnamese life in the region. Together the essays paint a nuanced portrait of how concepts of race in the South have influenced its history, art, politics, and culture beyond the familiar binary of black and white.

Exodus Politics

Civil Rights and Leadership in African American Literature and Culture

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Author: Robert J. Patterson

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 081393527X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 216

View: 2361

Using the term "exodus politics" to theorize the valorization of black male leadership in the movement for civil rights, Robert J. Patterson explores the ways in which the political strategies and ideologies of this movement paradoxically undermined the collective enfranchisement of black people. He argues that by narrowly conceptualizing civil rights in only racial terms and relying solely on a male figure, conventional African American leadership, though frequently redemptive, can also erode the very goals of civil rights. The author turns to contemporary African American writers such as Ernest Gaines, Gayl Jones, Alice Walker, and Charles Johnson to show how they challenge the dominant models of civil rights leadership. He draws on a variety of disciplines—including black feminism, civil rights history, cultural studies, and liberation theology—in order to develop a more nuanced formulation of black subjectivity and politics. Patterson's connection of the concept of racial rights to gender and sexual rights allows him to illuminate the literature's promotion of more expansive models. By considering the competing and varied political interests of black communities, these writers reimagine the dominant models in a way that can empower communities to be self-sustaining in the absence of a messianic male leader.

America, History and Life

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Canada

Page: N.A

View: 4518

Article abstracts and citations of reviews and dissertations covering the United States and Canada.

Freedom Facts and Firsts

400 Years of the African American Civil Rights Experience

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Author: Jessie Carney Smith,Linda T Wynn

Publisher: Visible Ink Press

ISBN: 1578592607

Category: Social Science

Page: 408

View: 8257

Spanning nearly 400 years from the early abolitionists to the present, this guide book profiles more than 400 people, places, and events that have shaped the history of the black struggle for freedom. Coverage includes information on such mainstay figures as Martin Luther King Jr., Malcolm X, and Rosa Parks, but also delves into how lesser known figures contributed to and shaped the history of civil rights. Learn how the Housewives' League of Detroit started a nationwide movement to support black businesses, helping many to survive the depression; or discover what effect sports journalist Samuel Harold Lacy had on Jackie Robinson's historic entrance into the major leagues. This comprehensive resource chronicles the breadth and passion of an entire people's quest for freedom.

Mobilizing New York

AIDS, Antipoverty, and Feminist Activism

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Author: Tamar W. Carroll

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 146961989X

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 2466

Examining three interconnected case studies, Tamar Carroll powerfully demonstrates the ability of grassroots community activism to bridge racial and cultural differences and effect social change. Drawing on a rich array of oral histories, archival records, newspapers, films, and photographs from post–World War II New York City, Carroll shows how poor people transformed the antipoverty organization Mobilization for Youth and shaped the subsequent War on Poverty. Highlighting the little-known National Congress of Neighborhood Women, she reveals the significant participation of working-class white ethnic women and women of color in New York City's feminist activism. Finally, Carroll traces the partnership between the AIDS Coalition to Unleash Power (ACT UP) and Women's Health Action Mobilization (WHAM!), showing how gay men and feminists collaborated to create a supportive community for those affected by the AIDS epidemic, to improve health care, and to oppose homophobia and misogyny during the culture wars of the 1980s and 1990s. Carroll contends that social policies that encourage the political mobilization of marginalized groups and foster coalitions across identity differences are the most effective means of solving social problems and realizing democracy.

Nurturing Different Dreams

Youth Ministry across Lines of Difference

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Author: Katherine Turpin,Anne Carter Walker

Publisher: Wipf and Stock Publishers

ISBN: 163087552X

Category: Religion

Page: 150

View: 6342

Increasingly, adolescents and young adults in the United States are racially and socioeconomically diverse, while the teaching population remains predominantly white and middle class. Many youth ministry programs that utilize volunteer mentors recruit adults who are ill-equipped to bridge cultural differences and effectively build sustainable relationships with adolescents who come from different backgrounds than their own. College and university campus ministries that are historically white struggle to provide adequate support and mentoring for students who have traditionally not been represented in the college population. Often, mentoring relationships break down over cultural misunderstandings. As educators who come from backgrounds marked by privilege, Katherine Turpin and Anne Carter Walker draw from their experiences in an intentionally culturally diverse youth ministry program to name the challenges and inadequacies of ministry with young people from marginalized communities. Through engaging case studies and vignettes, the authors re-examine the assumptions about youth agency, vocational development, educational practice, and mentoring. Offering concrete guidelines and practices for working effectively across lines of difference, Nurturing Different Dreams invites readers to consider their own cultural assumptions and practices for mentoring adolescents, and assists readers in analyzing and transforming their practices of mentoring young people who come from different communities than their own.

Eric Williams and the Anticolonial Tradition

The Making of a Diasporan Intellectual

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Author: Maurice St. Pierre

Publisher: University of Virginia Press

ISBN: 0813936853

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 272

View: 5895

A leader in the social movement that achieved Trinidad and Tobago’s independence from Britain in 1962, Eric Williams (1911–1981) served as its first prime minister. Although much has been written about Williams as a historian and a politician, Maurice St. Pierre is the first to offer a full-length treatment of him as an intellectual. St. Pierre focuses on Williams's role not only in challenging the colonial exploitation of Trinbagonians but also in seeking to educate and mobilize them in an effort to generate a collective identity in the struggle for independence. Drawing on extensive archival research and using a conflated theoretical framework, the author offers a portrait of Williams that shows how his experiences in Trinidad, England, and America radicalized him and how his relationships with other Caribbean intellectuals—along with Aimé Césaire in Martinique, Juan Bosch in the Dominican Republic, George Lamming of Barbados, and Frantz Fanon from Martinique—enabled him to seize opportunities for social change and make a significant contribution to Caribbean epistemology.