Elementary Algebraic Geometry

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Author: Klaus Hulek

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821829521

Category: Mathematics

Page: 213

View: 2162

This book is a true introduction to the basic concepts and techniques of algebraic geometry. The language is purposefully kept on an elementary level, avoiding sheaf theory and cohomology theory. The introduction of new algebraic concepts is always motivated by a discussion of the corresponding geometric ideas. The main point of the book is to illustrate the interplay between abstract theory and specific examples. The book contains numerous problems that illustrate the general theory. The text is suitable for advanced undergraduates and beginning graduate students. It contains sufficient material for a one-semester course. The reader should be familiar with the basic concepts of modern algebra. A course in one complex variable would be helpful, but is not necessary.

Differentialgeometrie

Kurven - Flächen - Mannigfaltigkeiten

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Author: Wolfgang Kühnel

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658006153

Category: Mathematics

Page: 284

View: 2453

Dieses Buch ist eine Einführung in die Differentialgeometrie und ein passender Begleiter zum Differentialgeometrie-Modul (ein- und zweisemestrig). Zunächst geht es um die klassischen Aspekte wie die Geometrie von Kurven und Flächen, bevor dann höherdimensionale Flächen sowie abstrakte Mannigfaltigkeiten betrachtet werden. Die Nahtstelle ist dabei das zentrale Kapitel "Die innere Geometrie von Flächen". Dieses führt den Leser bis hin zu dem berühmten Satz von Gauß-Bonnet, der ein entscheidendes Bindeglied zwischen lokaler und globaler Geometrie darstellt. Die zweite Hälfte des Buches ist der Riemannschen Geometrie gewidmet. Den Abschluss bildet ein Kapitel über "Einstein-Räume", die eine große Bedeutung sowohl in der "Reinen Mathematik" als auch in der Allgemeinen Relativitätstheorie von A. Einstein haben. Es wird großer Wert auf Anschaulichkeit gelegt, was durch zahlreiche Abbildungen unterstützt wird. Bei der Neuauflage wurden einige zusätzliche Lösungen zu den Übungsaufgaben ergänzt.

Advanced Topics in Linear Algebra

Weaving Matrix Problems through the Weyr Form

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Author: Kevin O'Meara,John Clark,Charles Vinsonhaler

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019987817X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 432

View: 5319

The Weyr matrix canonical form is a largely unknown cousin of the Jordan canonical form. Discovered by Eduard Weyr in 1885, the Weyr form outperforms the Jordan form in a number of mathematical situations, yet it remains somewhat of a mystery, even to many who are skilled in linear algebra. Written in an engaging style, this book presents various advanced topics in linear algebra linked through the Weyr form. Kevin O'Meara, John Clark, and Charles Vinsonhaler develop the Weyr form from scratch and include an algorithm for computing it. A fascinating duality exists between the Weyr form and the Jordan form. Developing an understanding of both forms will allow students and researchers to exploit the mathematical capabilities of each in varying situations. Weaving together ideas and applications from various mathematical disciplines, Advanced Topics in Linear Algebra is much more than a derivation of the Weyr form. It presents novel applications of linear algebra, such as matrix commutativity problems, approximate simultaneous diagonalization, and algebraic geometry, with the latter two having topical connections to phylogenetic invariants in biomathematics and multivariate interpolation. Among the related mathematical disciplines from which the book draws ideas are commutative and noncommutative ring theory, module theory, field theory, topology, and algebraic geometry. Numerous examples and current open problems are included, increasing the book's utility as a graduate text or as a reference for mathematicians and researchers in linear algebra.

Enumerative Geometry and String Theory

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Author: Sheldon Katz

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821836870

Category: Mathematics

Page: 206

View: 3590

Perhaps the most famous example of how ideas from modern physics have revolutionized mathematics is the way string theory has led to an overhaul of enumerative geometry, an area of mathematics that started in the eighteen hundreds. Century-old problems of enumerating geometric configurations have now been solved using new and deep mathematical techniques inspired by physics!The book begins with an insightful introduction to enumerative geometry. From there, the goal becomes explaining the more advanced elements of enumerative algebraic geometry. Along the way, there are some crash courses on intermediate topics which are essential tools for the student of modern mathematics, such as cohomology and other topics in geometry. The physics content assumes nothing beyond a first undergraduate course. The focus is on explaining the action principle in physics, the idea of string theory, and how these directly lead to questions in geometry. Once these topics are in place, the connection between physics and enumerative geometry is made with the introduction of topological quantum field theory and quantum cohomology.

Ebene algebraische Kurven

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Author: Gerd Fischer

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322803112

Category: Mathematics

Page: 177

View: 6235

Neben den elementaren Dingen, wie Tangenten, Singularitäten und Wendepunkten werden auch schwierigere Begriffe wie lokale Zweige und Geschlecht behandelt. Höhepunkte sind die klassischen Formeln von Plücker und Clebsch, die Beziehungen zwischen verschiedenen globalen und lokalen Invarianten einer Kurve beschreiben.

Birationally Rigid Varieties

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Author: Aleksandr V. Pukhlikov

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821894765

Category: Mathematics

Page: 367

View: 4587

Birational rigidity is a striking and mysterious phenomenon in higher-dimensional algebraic geometry. It turns out that certain natural families of algebraic varieties (for example, three-dimensional quartics) belong to the same classification type as the

Elementary Algebraic Geometry

Second Edition

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Author: Keith Kendig

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 048680187X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 320

View: 7790

Designed to make learning introductory algebraic geometry as easy as possible, this text is intended for advanced undergraduates and graduate students who have taken a one-year course in algebra and are familiar with complex analysis. This newly updated second edition enhances the original treatment's extensive use of concrete examples and exercises with numerous figures that have been specially redrawn in Adobe Illustrator. An introductory chapter that focuses on examples of curves is followed by a more rigorous and careful look at plane curves. Subsequent chapters explore commutative ring theory and algebraic geometry as well as varieties of arbitrary dimension and some elementary mathematics on curves. Upon finishing the text, students will have a foundation for advancing in several different directions, including toward a further study of complex algebraic or analytic varieties or to the scheme-theoretic treatments of algebraic geometry. 2015 edition.

Algebraic Geometry

A Problem Solving Approach

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Author: Thomas A. Garrity

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821893963

Category: Mathematics

Page: 335

View: 6703

Algebraic Geometry has been at the center of much of mathematics for hundreds of years. It is not an easy field to break into, despite its humble beginnings in the study of circles, ellipses, hyperbolas, and parabolas. This text consists of a series of ex

Geometrie und Billard

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Author: Serge Tabachnikov

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642319254

Category: Mathematics

Page: 165

View: 1137

Wie bewegt sich ein Massenpunkt in einem Gebiet, an dessen Rand er elastisch zurückprallt? Welchen Weg nimmt ein Lichtstrahl in einem Gebiet mit ideal reflektierenden Rändern? Anhand dieser und ähnlicher Fragen stellt das vorliegende Buch Zusammenhänge zwischen Billard und Differentialgeometrie, klassischer Mechanik sowie geometrischer Optik her. Dabei beschäftigt sich das Buch unter anderem mit dem Variationsprinzip beim mathematischen Billard, der symplektischen Geometrie von Lichtstrahlen, der Existenz oder Nichtexistenz von Kaustiken, periodischen Billardtrajektorien und dem Mechanismus für Chaos bei der Billarddynamik. Ergänzend wartet dieses Buch mit einer beachtlichen Anzahl von Exkursen auf, die sich verwandten Themen widmen, darunter der Vierfarbensatz, die mathematisch-physikalische Beschreibung von Regenbögen, der poincaresche Wiederkehrsatz, Hilberts viertes Problem oder der Schließungssatz von Poncelet.​

Algebra für Einsteiger

Von der Gleichungsauflösung zur Galois-Theorie

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Author: Jörg Bewersdorff

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658022620

Category: Mathematics

Page: 214

View: 1962

Dieses Buch ist eine leicht verständliche Einführung in die Algebra, die den historischen und konkreten Aspekt in den Vordergrund rückt. Der rote Faden ist eines der klassischen und fundamentalen Probleme der Algebra: Nachdem im 16. Jahrhundert allgemeine Lösungsformeln für Gleichungen dritten und vierten Grades gefunden wurden, schlugen entsprechende Bemühungen für Gleichungen fünften Grades fehl. Nach fast dreihundertjähriger Suche führte dies schließlich zur Begründung der so genannten Galois-Theorie: Mit ihrer Hilfe kann festgestellt werden, ob eine Gleichung mittels geschachtelter Wurzelausdrücke lösbar ist. Das Buch liefert eine gute Motivation für die moderne Galois-Theorie, die den Studierenden oft so abstrakt und schwer erscheint. In dieser Auflage wurde ein Kapitel ergänzt, in dem ein alternativer, auf Emil Artin zurückgehender Beweis des Hauptsatzes der Galois-Theorie wiedergegeben wird. Dieses Kapitel kann fast unabhängig von den anderen Kapiteln gelesen werden.

Rudiments of Algebraic Geometry

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Author: W.E. Jenner

Publisher: Courier Dover Publications

ISBN: 0486818063

Category: Mathematics

Page: 112

View: 4826

Aimed at advanced undergraduate students of mathematics, this concise text covers the basics of algebraic geometry. Topics include affine spaces, projective spaces, rational curves, algebraic sets with group structure, more. 1963 edition.

Computational Algebraic Geometry

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Author: Hal Schenck

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521536509

Category: Mathematics

Page: 193

View: 303

This 2003 book investigates interplay between algebra and geometry. Covers: homological algebra, algebraic combinatorics and algebraic topology, and algebraic geometry.

Differentialgeometrie von Kurven und Flächen

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Author: Manfredo P. do Carmo

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322850722

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 263

View: 2984

Inhalt: Kurven - Reguläre Flächen - Die Geometrie der Gauß-Abbildung - Die innere Geometrie von Flächen - Anhang

Elementary Algebra

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Author: Ron Larson

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0547102275

Category: Mathematics

Page: 720

View: 7764

Larson IS student success. ELEMENTARY ALGEBRA owes its success to the hallmark features for which the Larson team is known: learning by example, a straightforward and accessible writing style, emphasis on visualization through the use of graphs to reinforce algebraic and numeric solutions and to interpret data, and comprehensive exercise sets. These pedagogical features are carefully coordinated to ensure that students are better able to make connections between mathematical concepts and understand the content. With a bright, appealing design, the new Fifth Edition builds on the Larson tradition of guided learning by incorporating a comprehensive range of student success materials to help develop students’ proficiency and conceptual understanding of algebra. The text also continues coverage and integration of geometry in examples and exercises. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Introduction to Algebraic Geometry

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Author: Brendan Hassett

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139464590

Category: Mathematics

Page: N.A

View: 3962

Algebraic geometry, central to pure mathematics, has important applications in such fields as engineering, computer science, statistics and computational biology, which exploit the computational algorithms that the theory provides. Users get the full benefit, however, when they know something of the underlying theory, as well as basic procedures and facts. This book is a systematic introduction to the central concepts of algebraic geometry most useful for computation. Written for advanced undergraduate and graduate students in mathematics and researchers in application areas, it focuses on specific examples and restricts development of formalism to what is needed to address these examples. In particular, it introduces the notion of Gröbner bases early on and develops algorithms for almost everything covered. It is based on courses given over the past five years in a large interdisciplinary programme in computational algebraic geometry at Rice University, spanning mathematics, computer science, biomathematics and bioinformatics.

Basic Algebraic Geometry 2

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Author: Igorʹ Rostislavovich Shafarevich

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540575542

Category: Mathematics

Page: 269

View: 779

The second volume of Shafarevich's introductory book on algebraic geometry focuses on schemes, complex algebraic varieties and complex manifolds. As with Volume 1 the author has revised the text and added new material, e.g. a section on real algebraic curves. Although the material is more advanced than in Volume 1 the algebraic apparatus is kept to a minimum making the book accessible to non-specialists. It can be read independently of Volume 1 and is suitable for beginning graduate students in mathematics as well as in theoretical physics.

Vektoranalysis

Differentialformen in Analysis, Geometrie und Physik

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Author: Ilka Agricola,Thomas Friedrich

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3834896721

Category: Mathematics

Page: 313

View: 5770

Dieses Lehrbuch eignet sich als Fortsetzungskurs in Analysis nach den Grundvorlesungen im ersten Studienjahr. Die Vektoranalysis ist ein klassisches Teilgebiet der Mathematik mit vielfältigen Anwendungen, zum Beispiel in der Physik. Das Buch führt die Studierenden in die Welt der Differentialformen und Analysis auf Untermannigfaltigkeiten des Rn ein. Teile des Buches können auch sehr gut für Vorlesungen in Differentialgeometrie oder Mathematischer Physik verwendet werden. Der Text enthält viele ausführliche Beispiele mit vollständigem Lösungsweg, die zur Übung hilfreich sind. Zahlreiche Abbildungen veranschaulichen den Text. Am Ende jedes Kapitels befinden sich weitere Übungsaufgaben. In der ersten Auflage erschien das Buch unter dem Titel "Globale Analysis". Der Text wurde an vielen Stellen überarbeitet. Fast alle Bilder wurden neu erstellt. Inhaltliche Ergänzungen wurden u. a. in der Differentialgeometrie sowie der Elektrodynamik vorgenommen.