Elasticity and Geometry

From Hair Curls to the Non-linear Response of Shells

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Author: Basile Audoly,Yves Pomeau

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198506252

Category: Mathematics

Page: 586

View: 4106

We experience elasticity everywhere in everyday life: straightening or curling of hairs, irreversible deformations of car bodies after a crash, bouncing of elastic balls (ping-pong, soccer), etc. In the technological domain, many bulk materials are coated with thin layers that may be subject to delamination, another complex process where elasticity is important. This book covers several modern aspects of the venerable field of elasticity theory. This book appliesgeneral methods of classical analysis including advanced nonlinear aspects to derive detailed, fully explicit solutions to specific problems. These theoretical concepts are discussed in connection withexperiments. The matter is self-contained; the prerequisites are calculus at the undergraduate level. This book can serve as a concrete introduction to nonlinear methods in science.

Elasticity and Geometry, From hair curls to the nonlinear response of shells

Physics, Mechanics

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Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467205796

Category: Education

Page: 26

View: 1431

Facts101 is your complete guide to Elasticity and Geometry, From hair curls to the nonlinear response of shells. In this book, you will learn topics such as Mechanics of the human hair, Rippled leaves, uncoiled springs, The equations for elastic plates, and End effects in plate buckling plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Distinction

A Social Critique of the Judgement of Taste

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Author: Pierre Bourdieu

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113587316X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 640

View: 5857

No judgement of taste is innocent - we are all snobs. Pierre Bourdieu's Distinction brilliantly illuminates the social pretentions of the middle classes in the modern world, focusing on the tastes and preferences of the French bourgeoisie. First published in 1979, the book is at once a vast ethnography of contemporary France and a dissection of the bourgeois mind. In the course of everyday life we constantly choose between what we find aesthetically pleasing, and what we consider tacky, merely trendy, or ugly. Taste is not pure. Bourdieu demonstrates that our different aesth

Fluid-Structure Interactions in Low-Reynolds-Number Flows

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Author: Howard A Stone

Publisher: Royal Society of Chemistry

ISBN: 1782628495

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 483

View: 3138

Fluid-structure interactions have been well studied over the years but most of the focus has been on high Reynolds number flows, inertially dominated flows where the drag force from the fluid typically varies as the square of the local fluid speed. There are though a large number of fluid-structure interaction problems at low values of the Reynolds number, where the fluid effects are dominated by viscosity and the drag force from the fluid typically varies linearly with the local fluid speed, which are applicable to many current research areas including hydrodynamics, microfluidics and hemodynamics. Edited by experts in complex fluids, Fluid-Structure Interactions in Low-Reynolds-Number Flows is the first book to bring together topics on this subject including elasticity of beams, flow in tubes, mechanical instabilities induced by complex liquids drying, blood flow, theoretical models for low-Reynolds number locomotion and capsules in flow. The book includes introductory chapters highlighting important background ideas about low Reynolds number flows and elasticity to make the subject matter more approachable to those new to the area across engineering, physics, chemistry and biology.

The Mechanics of Ribbons and Möbius Bands

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Author: Roger Fosdick,Eliot Fried

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9401773009

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 352

View: 2544

Recent developments in biology and nanotechnology have stimulated a rapidly growing interest in the mechanics of thin, flexible ribbons and Mobius bands. This edited volume contains English translations of four seminal papers on this topic, all originally written in German; of these, Michael A. Sadowsky published the first in 1929, followed by two others in 1930, and Walter Wunderlich published the last in 1962. The volume also contains invited, peer-reviewed, original research articles on related topics. Previously published in the Journal of Elasticity, Volume 119, Issue 1-2, 2015.

Advances in Architectural Geometry 2016

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Author: Sigrid Adriaenssens,Fabio Gramazio,Matthias Kohler,Achim Menges,Mark Pauly

Publisher: vdf Hochschulverlag AG

ISBN: 3728137774

Category: Architectural design

Page: 408

View: 1770

The Advances in Architectural Geometry (AAG) symposia serve as a unique forum where developments in the design, analysis and fabrication of building geometry are presented. With participation of both academics and professionals, each symposium aims to gather and present practical work and theoretical research that responds to contemporary design challenges and expands the opportunities for architectural form. The fifth edition of the AAG symposia was hosted by the National Centre for Competence in Research Digital Fabrication at ETH Zurich, Switzerland, in September 2016. This book contains the proceedings from the AAG2016 conference and offers detailed insight into current and novel geometrical developments in architecture. The 22 diverse, peer-reviewed papers present cutting-edge innovations in the fields of mathematics, computer graphics, software design, structural engineering, and the design and construction of architecture.

Practical Applied Mathematics

Modelling, Analysis, Approximation

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Author: Sam Howison

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521842747

Category: Mathematics

Page: 326

View: 3043

Drawing from a wide variety of mathematical subjects, this book aims to show how mathematics is realised in practice in the everyday world. Dozens of applications are used to show that applied mathematics is much more than a series of academic calculations. Mathematical topics covered include distributions, ordinary and partial differential equations, and asymptotic methods as well as basics of modelling. The range of applications is similarly varied, from the modelling of hair to piano tuning, egg incubation and traffic flow. The style is informal but not superficial. In addition, the text is supplemented by a large number of exercises and sideline discussions, assisting the reader's grasp of the material. Used either in the classroom by upper-undergraduate students, or as extra reading for any applied mathematician, this book illustrates how the reader's knowledge can be used to describe the world around them.

Fox and McDonald's Introduction to Fluid Mechanics, Binder Ready Version

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Author: Philip J. Pritchard,John W. Mitchell,John C. Leylegian

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118921879

Category: Science

Page: 672

View: 3958

Fox & McDonald’s Introduction to Fluid Mechanics 9th Edition has been one of the most widely adopted textbooks in the field. This highly-regarded text continues to provide readers with a balanced and comprehensive approach to mastering critical concepts, incorporating a proven problem-solving methodology that helps readers develop an orderly plan to finding the right solution and relating results to expected physical behavior. The ninth edition features a wealth of example problems integrated throughout the text as well as a variety of new end of chapter problems.

Lehninger Principles of Biochemistry

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Author: David L. Nelson,Albert L. Lehninger,Michael M. Cox

Publisher: Macmillan

ISBN: 071677108X

Category: Science

Page: 1158

View: 4881

Authors Dave Nelson and Mike Cox combine the best of the laboratory and best of the classroom, introducing exciting new developments while communicating basic principles of biochemistry.

The Humane Metropolis

People and Nature in the 21st-century City

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Author: Rutherford H. Platt

Publisher: Univ of Massachusetts Press

ISBN: 1558495541

Category: Architecture

Page: 326

View: 8818

Four-fifths of Americans now live in the nation's sprawling metropolitan areas, and half of the world's population is now classified as "urban." As cities become the dominant living evironment for humans, there is growing concern about how to make such places more habitable, more healthy and safe, more ecological, and more equitable -- in short, more "humane." This book explores the prospects for a more humane metropolis through a series of essays and case studies that consider why and how urban places can be made greener and more amenable. Its point of departure is the legacy of William H. Whyte (1917-1999), one of America's most admired urban thinkers. From his eyrie high above Manhattan in the offices of the Rockefeller Brothers Fund, Whyte laid the foundation for today's "smart growth" and "new urbanist" movements with books such as The Last Landscape (1968). His passion for improving the habitability of cities and suburbs is reflected in the diverse grassroots urban design and regreening strategies discussed in this volume. Topics examined in this book include urban and regional greenspaces, urban ecological restoration, social equity, and green design. Some of the contributors are recognized academic experts, while others offer direct practical knowledge of particular problems and initiatives. The editor's introduction and epilogue set the individual chapters in a broader context and suggest how the strategies described, if widely replicated, may help create more humane urban environments. In addition to Rutherford H. Platt, contributors to the volume include Carl Anthony, Thomas Balsley, Timothy Beatley, Eugenie L. Birch, Edward J. Blakely, Colin M. Cathcart, Steven E. Clemants, Christopher A. De Sousa, Steven N. Handel, Peter Harnik, Michael C. Houck, Jerold S. Kayden, Albert LaFarge, Andrew Light, Charles E. Little, Anne C. Lusk, Thalya Parilla, Deborah E. Popper, Frank J. Popper, Mary V. Rickel, Cynthia Rosenzweig, Robert L. Ryan, Laurin N. Sievert, Andrew G. Wiley-Schwartz, and Ann Louise Strong. Included in the back of the book is a DVD of a 22-minute film created by Ted White, which serves as a companion to the text.

Principles of Environmental Physics

Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere

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Author: John Monteith,Mike Unsworth

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123869935

Category: Science

Page: 422

View: 4188

Principles of Environmental Physics: Plants, Animals, and the Atmosphere, 4e, provides a basis for understanding the complex physical interactions of plants and animals with their natural environment. It is the essential reference to provide environmental and ecological scientists and researchers with the physical principles, analytic tools, and data analysis methods they need to solve problems. This book describes the principles by which radiative energy reaches the earth’s surface and reviews the latest knowledge concerning the surface radiation budget. The processes of radiation, convection, conduction, evaporation, and carbon dioxide exchange are analyzed. Many applications of environmental physics principles are reviewed, including the roles of surface albedo and atmospheric aerosols in modifying microclimate and climate, remote sensing of vegetation properties, wind forces on trees and crops, dispersion of pathogens and aerosols, controls of evaporation from vegetation and soil (including implications of changing weather and climate), and interpretation of micrometeorological measurements of carbon dioxide and other trace gas fluxes. Presents a unique synthesis of micrometeorology and ecology in its widest sense Deals quantitatively with the impact of weather on living systems but also with the interactions between organisms and the atmosphere that are a central feature of life on earth Offers numerous worked examples and problems with solutions Provides many examples of laboratory and field measurements and their interpretation Includes an up-to-date bibliography and review of recent micrometeorological applications in forestry, ecology, hydrology, and agriculture

Introduction to Surface and Thin Film Processes

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Author: John Venables

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521785006

Category: Science

Page: 372

View: 6464

Graduate textbook and sourcebook on surface and thin film processes, with links to the World Wide Web.

Conjuring the Universe

The Origins of the Laws of Nature

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Author: Peter Atkins

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198813376

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 4815

The marvellous complexity of the Universe emerges from several deep laws and a handful of fundamental constants that fix its shape, scale, and destiny. There is a deep structure to the world which at the same time is simple, elegant, and beautiful. Where did these laws and these constants come from? And why are the laws so fruitful when written in the language of mathematics? Peter Atkins considers the minimum effort needed to equip the Universe with its laws and its constants. He explores the origin of the conservation of energy, of electromagnetism, of classical and quantum mechanics, and of thermodynamics, showing how all these laws spring from deep symmetries. The revolutionary result is a short but immensely rich weaving together of the fundamental ideas of physics. With his characteristic wit, erudition, and economy, Atkins sketches out how the laws of Nature can spring from very little. Or arguably from nothing at all.

The Conservation of Artifacts Made from Plant Materials

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Author: Mary-Lou E. Florian,Dale Paul Kronkright,Ruth E. Norton

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 0892361603

Category: Art

Page: 348

View: 6401

This teaching guide covers the identification, deterioration, and conservation of artifacts made from plant materials. Detailed information on plant anatomy, morphology, and development, focusing on information useful to the conservator in identifying plant fibers are described, as well as the processing, construction, and decorative techniques commonly used in such artifacts. A final chapter provides a thorough discussion of conservation, preservation, storage, and restoration methods. This is a valuable resource to conservators and students alike.

Understanding Media

The Extensions of Man

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Author: Marshall McLuhan

Publisher: Createspace Independent Publishing Platform

ISBN: 9781537430058

Category:

Page: 396

View: 9513

When first published, Marshall McLuhan's Understanding Media made history with its radical view of the effects of electronic communications upon man and life in the twentieth century.

Cultural Techniques

Grids, Filters, Doors, and Other Articulations of the Real

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Author: Bernhard Siegert

Publisher: Meaning Systems (Fup)

ISBN: 0823263754

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 265

View: 7698

"This volume designates a shift within posthumanistic media studies, that dissolves the concept of media into a network of operations, that reproduce, process and reflect the distinctions that are fundamental for a given culture, e.g. the anthropological difference, the distinctions between natural object and cultural sign, noise and information, eye and gaze"--

Creatine and Creatine Phosphate

Scientific and Clinical Perspectives

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Author: Michael W. Conway,Joseph F. Clark

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080530086

Category: Science

Page: 242

View: 1041

Creatine and Creatine Phosphate: Scientific and Clinical Perspectives is an up-to-date summary of both the scientific and medical aspects of creatine and creatine phosphate metabolism and therapy. It covers in detail the basic biochemistry, bioenergetics and biophysics of these agents with particular emphasis on their role on the cardiovascular and muscle systems. Modern in vivo myocardial and skeletal muscle measurements are outlined, and the importance of the molecules in cardiovascular medicine, sport science and cardiac surgery are highlighted. This book is designed for those interested in the basic scientific background to creatine and creatine phosphate, and also for physicians treating or studying heart and vascular disease. The book will also be vital for sports scientists who wish to acquire a comprehensive knowledge of the molecule which is currently being promoted for performance and exercise programmes.

Raman Spectroscopy for Nanomaterials Characterization

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Author: Challa S.S.R. Kumar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642206204

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 645

View: 3838

First volume of a 40-volume series on nanoscience and nanotechnology, edited by the renowned scientist Challa S.S.R. Kumar. This handbook gives a comprehensive overview about Raman spectroscopy for the characterization of nanomaterials. Modern applications and state-of-the-art techniques are covered and make this volume essential reading for research scientists in academia and industry.

Gravity: A Very Short Introduction

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Author: Timothy Clifton

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0191045330

Category: Science

Page: 144

View: 8282

Gravity is one of the four fundamental interactions that exist in nature. It also has the distinction of being the oldest, weakest, and most difficult force to quantize. Understanding gravity is not only essential for understanding the motion of objects on Earth, but also the motion of all celestial objects, and even the expansion of the Universe itself. It was the study of gravity that led Einstein to his profound realisations about the nature of space and time. Gravity is not only universal, it is also essential for understanding the behaviour of the Universe, and all astrophysical bodies within it. In this Very Short Introduction Timothy Clifton looks at the development of our understanding of gravity since the early observations of Kepler and Newtonian theory. He discusses Einstein's theory of gravity, which now supplants Newton's, showing how it allows us to understand why the frequency of light changes as it passes through a gravitational field, why GPS satellites need their clocks corrected as they orbit the Earth, and why the orbits of distant neutron stars speed up. Today, almost 100 years after Einstein published his theory of gravity, we have even detected the waves of gravitational radiation that he predicted. Clifton concludes by considering the testing and application of general relativity in astrophysics and cosmology, and looks at dark energy and efforts such as string theory to combine gravity with quantum mechanics. ABOUT THE SERIES: The Very Short Introductions series from Oxford University Press contains hundreds of titles in almost every subject area. These pocket-sized books are the perfect way to get ahead in a new subject quickly. Our expert authors combine facts, analysis, perspective, new ideas, and enthusiasm to make interesting and challenging topics highly readable.

Bendings of Surfaces and Stability of Shells

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Author: Alekse_ Vasil_evich Pogorelov

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 9780821898208

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 77

View: 1376

This book contains an accessible exposition of the geometric theory of stability of elastic shells, starting from the basic facts of the theory of finite and infinitesimal bendings of surfaces. The author has included a number of new results obtained in recent years. In particular, the complete solution of the problem of stability of spherical shells under an external pressure is contained here without any assumptions regarding the character of buckling. Within the framework of the mathematical model of the phenomenon, the author gives a complete investigation of the loss of stability of a general, strictly convex shell fastened along an edge under external pressure. The author considers the question of the loss of stability of cylindrical shells under axial compression and the effect of various factors on the critical load, among other questions. In contrast to the author's 1967 book on the subject, this work is limited to a relatively small number of classical problems on the loss of stability of shells, but these problems are investigated more thoroughly.