Eigenvalues in Riemannian Geometry

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Author: Isaac Chavel

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 9780080874340

Category: Mathematics

Page: 362

View: 8307

The basic goals of the book are: (i) to introduce the subject to those interested in discovering it, (ii) to coherently present a number of basic techniques and results, currently used in the subject, to those working in it, and (iii) to present some of the results that are attractive in their own right, and which lend themselves to a presentation not overburdened with technical machinery.

Geometric and Computational Spectral Theory

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Author: Alexandre Girouard,Dmitry Jakobson,Michael Levitin,Nilima Nigam,Iosif Polterovich,Frédéric Rochon

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 147042665X

Category: Geometry, Differential

Page: 284

View: 2585

A co-publication of the AMS and Centre de Recherches Mathématiques The book is a collection of lecture notes and survey papers based on the mini-courses given by leading experts at the 2015 Séminaire de Mathématiques Supérieures on Geometric and Computational Spectral Theory, held from June 15–26, 2015, at the Centre de Recherches Mathématiques, Université de Montréal, Montréal, Quebec, Canada. The volume covers a broad variety of topics in spectral theory, highlighting its connections to differential geometry, mathematical physics and numerical analysis, bringing together the theoretical and computational approaches to spectral theory, and emphasizing the interplay between the two.

Pure and applied differential geometry

PADGE 2007

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Author: Ignace van de Woestyne,Centre for Pure and Applied Differential Geometry

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783832267599

Category: Geometry, Differential

Page: 266

View: 8402

Differential Geometry: The Interface between Pure and Applied Mathematics

The Interface Between Pure and Applied Mathematics : Proceedings of a Conference Held April 23-25, 1986 with Support from the National Science Foundation

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Author: Mladen Luksic,Clyde Martin

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 082185075X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 273

View: 1501

Normally, mathematical research has been divided into 'pure' and 'applied', and only within the past decade has this distinction become blurred. However, differential geometry is one area of mathematics that has not made this distinction and has consistently played a vital role in both general areas. The papers in this volume represent the proceedings of a conference entitled 'Differential Geometry: The Interface Between Pure and Applied Mathematics', which was held in San Antonio, Texas, in April 1986. The purpose of the conference was to explore recent exciting applications and challenging classical problems in differential geometry. The papers represent a tremendous range of applications and techniques in such diverse areas as ordinary differential equations, Lie groups, algebra, numerical analysis and control theory.

Topics in Modern Differential Geometry

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Author: Stefan Haesen,Leopold Verstraelen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9462392404

Category: Mathematics

Page: 284

View: 6083

A variety of introductory articles is provided on a wide range of topics, including variational problems on curves and surfaces with anisotropic curvature. Experts in the fields of Riemannian, Lorentzian and contact geometry present state-of-the-art reviews of their topics. The contributions are written on a graduate level and contain extended bibliographies. The ten chapters are the result of various doctoral courses which were held in 2009 and 2010 at universities in Leuven, Serbia, Romania and Spain.

Heat Kernel and Analysis on Manifolds

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Author: Alexander Grigoryan

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821849352

Category: Mathematics

Page: 482

View: 7902

"This volume contains the expanded lecture notes of courses taught at the Emile Borel Centre of the Henri Poincaré Institute (Paris). In the book, leading experts introduce recent research in their fields. The unifying theme is the study of heat kernels in various situations using related geometric and analytic tools. Topics include analysis of complex-coefficient elliptic operators, diffusions on fractals and on infinite-dimensional groups, heat kernel and isoperimetry on Riemannian manifolds, heat kernels and infinite dimensional analysis, diffusions and Sobolev-type spaces on metric spaces, quasi-regular mappings and p -Laplace operators, heat kernel and spherical inversion on SL 2 (C) , random walks and spectral geometry on crystal lattices, isoperimetric and isocapacitary inequalities, and generating function techniques for random walks on graphs."--Publisher's website.

Old and New Aspects in Spectral Geometry

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Author: M.-E. Craioveanu,Mircea Puta,Themistocles M. Rassias

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781402000522

Category: Mathematics

Page: 446

View: 8487

It is known that to any Riemannian manifold (M, g ) , with or without boundary, one can associate certain fundamental objects. Among them are the Laplace-Beltrami opera tor and the Hodge-de Rham operators, which are natural [that is, they commute with the isometries of (M,g)], elliptic, self-adjoint second order differential operators acting on the space of real valued smooth functions on M and the spaces of smooth differential forms on M, respectively. If M is closed, the spectrum of each such operator is an infinite divergent sequence of real numbers, each eigenvalue being repeated according to its finite multiplicity. Spectral Geometry is concerned with the spectra of these operators, also the extent to which these spectra determine the geometry of (M, g) and the topology of M. This problem has been translated by several authors (most notably M. Kac). into the col loquial question "Can one hear the shape of a manifold?" because of its analogy with the wave equation. This terminology was inspired from earlier results of H. Weyl. It is known that the above spectra cannot completely determine either the geometry of (M , g) or the topology of M. For instance, there are examples of pairs of closed Riemannian manifolds with the same spectra corresponding to the Laplace-Beltrami operators, but which differ substantially in their geometry and which are even not homotopically equiva lent.

Symmetries and Laplacians

Introduction to Harmonic Analysis, Group Representations and Applications

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Author: David Gurarie

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN: 0486462889

Category: Mathematics

Page: 453

View: 9845

Designed as an introduction to harmonic analysis and group representations, this book examines concepts, ideas, results, and techniques related to symmetry groups and Laplacians. Its exposition is based largely on examples and applications of general theory, covering a wide range of topics rather than delving deeply into any particular area. Author David Gurarie, a Professor of Mathematics at Case Western Reserve University, focuses on discrete or continuous geometrical objects and structures, such as regular graphs, lattices, and symmetric Riemannian manifolds. Starting with the basics of representation theory, Professor Gurarie discusses commutative harmonic analysis, representations of compact and finite groups, Lie groups, and the Heisenberg group and semidirect products. Among numerous applications included are integrable hamiltonian systems, geodesic flows on symmetric spaces, and the spectral theory of the Hydrogen atom (Schrodinger operator with Coulomb potential) explicated by its Runge-Lenz symmetry. Three helpful appendixes include supplemental information, and the text concludes with references, a list of frequently used notations, and an index.

Some Nonlinear Problems in Riemannian Geometry

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Author: Thierry Aubin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540607526

Category: Mathematics

Page: 398

View: 6677

This book deals with such important subjects as variational methods, the continuity method, parabolic equations on fiber bundles, ideas concerning points of concentration, blowing-up technique, geometric and topological methods. It explores important geometric problems that are of interest to many mathematicians and scientists but have only recently been partially solved.

Applications of Affine and Weyl Geometry

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Author: Eduardo García-Río,Peter Gilkey,Stana Nikčević,Ramón Vázquez-Lorenzo

Publisher: Morgan & Claypool Publishers

ISBN: 1608457605

Category: Mathematics

Page: 168

View: 2449

Pseudo-Riemannian geometry is, to a large extent, the study of the Levi-Civita connection, which is the unique torsion-free connection compatible with the metric structure. There are, however, other affine connections which arise in different contexts, such as conformal geometry, contact structures, Weyl structures, and almost Hermitian geometry. In this book, we reverse this point of view and instead associate an auxiliary pseudo-Riemannian structure of neutral signature to certain affine connections and use this correspondence to study both geometries. We examine Walker structures, Riemannian extensions, and Kähler--Weyl geometry from this viewpoint. This book is intended to be accessible to mathematicians who are not expert in the subject and to students with a basic grounding in differential geometry. Consequently, the first chapter contains a comprehensive introduction to the basic results and definitions we shall need---proofs are included of many of these results to make it as self-contained as possible. Para-complex geometry plays an important role throughout the book and consequently is treated carefully in various chapters, as is the representation theory underlying various results. It is a feature of this book that, rather than as regarding para-complex geometry as an adjunct to complex geometry, instead, we shall often introduce the para-complex concepts first and only later pass to the complex setting. The second and third chapters are devoted to the study of various kinds of Riemannian extensions that associate to an affine structure on a manifold a corresponding metric of neutral signature on its cotangent bundle. These play a role in various questions involving the spectral geometry of the curvature operator and homogeneous connections on surfaces. The fourth chapter deals with Kähler--Weyl geometry, which lies, in a certain sense, midway between affine geometry and Kähler geometry. Another feature of the book is that we have tried wherever possible to find the original references in the subject for possible historical interest. Thus, we have cited the seminal papers of Levi-Civita, Ricci, Schouten, and Weyl, to name but a few exemplars. We have also given different proofs of various results than those that are given in the literature, to take advantage of the unified treatment of the area given herein.

Complete and Compact Minimal Surfaces

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Author: Kichoon Yang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792303992

Category: Mathematics

Page: 188

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'Et moi, ... , si j'avait su comment en reveni.r, One service mathematics has rendered the je n'y serais point aile.' human race. It has put common sense back Jules Verne where it belongs. on the topmost shelf next to the dusty canister labelled 'discarded non­ 111e series is divergent; therefore we may be sense'. Eric T. Bell able to do something with it. O. Heaviside Mathematics is a tool for thought. A highly necessary tool in a world where both feedback and non­ linearities abound. Similarly, all kinds of parts of mathematics serve as tools for other parts and for other sciences. Applying a simple rewriting rule to the quote on the right above one finds such statements as: 'One service topology has rendered mathematical physics .. .'; 'One service logic has rendered com­ puter science .. .'; 'One service category theory has rendered mathematics .. .'. All arguably true. And all statements obtainable this way form part of the raison d'etre of this series.

Fractal Geometry and Dynamical Systems in Pure and Applied Mathematics: Fractals in pure mathematics

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Author: David Carfi,Michel Laurent Lapidus,Erin P. J. Pearse,Machiel Van Frankenhuysen

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821891472

Category: Mathematics

Page: 399

View: 7827

This volume contains the proceedings from three conferences: the PISRS 2011 International Conference on Analysis, Fractal Geometry, Dynamical Systems and Economics, held November 8-12, 2011 in Messina, Italy; the AMS Special Session on Fractal Geometry in Pure and Applied Mathematics, in memory of Benoit Mandelbrot, held January 4-7, 2012, in Boston, MA; and the AMS Special Session on Geometry and Analysis on Fractal Spaces, held March 3-4, 2012, in Honolulu, HI. Articles in this volume cover fractal geometry (and some aspects of dynamical systems) in pure mathematics. Also included are articles discussing a variety of connections of fractal geometry with other fields of mathematics, including probability theory, number theory, geometric measure theory, partial differential equations, global analysis on non-smooth spaces, harmonic analysis and spectral geometry. The companion volume (Contemporary Mathematics, Volume 601) focuses on applications of fractal geometry and dynamical systems to other sciences, including physics, engineering, computer science, economics, and finance.

Handbook of geometric analysis

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Author: Lizhen Ji

Publisher: Intl Pr of Boston Inc

ISBN: 9781571461308

Category: Mathematics

Page: 676

View: 5907

Geometric Analysis combines differential equations with differential geometry. An important aspect of geometric analysis is to approach geometric problems by studying differential equations. Besides some known linear differential operators such as the Laplace operator, many differential equations arising from differential geometry are nonlinear. A particularly important example is the Monge-Amperè equation. Applications to geometric problems have also motivated new methods and techniques in differential equations. The field of geometric analysis is broad and has had many striking applications.This handbook of geometric analysis—the first of the two to be published in the ALM series—presents introductions and survey papers treating important topics in geometric analysis, with their applications to related fields. It can be used as a reference by graduate students and by researchers in related areas.

Extremum Problems for Eigenvalues of Elliptic Operators

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Author: Antoine Henrot

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3764377062

Category: Mathematics

Page: 202

View: 2178

This book focuses on extremal problems. For instance, it seeks a domain which minimizes or maximizes a given eigenvalue of the Laplace operator with various boundary conditions and various geometric constraints. Also considered is the case of functions of eigenvalues. The text probes similar questions for other elliptic operators, such as Schrodinger, and explores optimal composites and optimal insulation problems in terms of eigenvalues.

Riemannian Geometry

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Author: Wilhelm Klingenberg

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 9783110145939

Category: Mathematics

Page: 409

View: 1331

The series is devoted to the publication of monographs and high-level textbooks in mathematics, mathematical methods and their applications. Apart from covering important areas of current interest, a major aim is to make topics of an interdisciplinary nature accessible to the non-specialist. The works in this series are addressed to advanced students and researchers in mathematics and theoretical physics. In addition, it can serve as a guide for lectures and seminars on a graduate level. The series de Gruyter Studies in Mathematics was founded ca. 35 years ago by the late Professor Heinz Bauer and Professor Peter Gabriel with the aim to establish a series of monographs and textbooks of high standard, written by scholars with an international reputation presenting current fields of research in pure and applied mathematics. While the editorial board of the Studies has changed with the years, the aspirations of the Studies are unchanged. In times of rapid growth of mathematical knowledge carefully written monographs and textbooks written by experts are needed more than ever, not least to pave the way for the next generation of mathematicians. In this sense the editorial board and the publisher of the Studies are devoted to continue the Studies as a service to the mathematical community. Please submit any book proposals to Niels Jacob. Titles in planning include Wolfgang Herfort, Karl H. Hofmann, and Francesco G. Russo, Periodic Locally Compact Groups: A Study of a Class of Totally Disconnected Topological Groups (2018) Mark M. Meerschaert, Alla Sikorskii, and Mohsen Zayernouri, Stochastic and Computational Models for Fractional Calculus, second edition (2018) Flavia Smarazzo and Alberto Tesei, Measure Theory: Radon Measures, Young Measures, and Applications to Parabolic Problems (2019) Elena Cordero and Luigi Rodino, Time-Frequency Analysis of Operators (2019) Kezheng Li, Group Schemes and Their Actions (2019; together with Tsinghua University Press) Mariusz Lemańczyk, Ergodic Theory: Spectral Theory, Joinings, and Their Applications (2020) Marco Abate, Holomorphic Dynamics on Hyperbolic Complex Manifolds (2021) Miroslava Antic, Joeri Van der Veken, and Luc Vrancken, Differential Geometry of Submanifolds: Submanifolds of Almost Complex Spaces and Almost Product Spaces (2021) Kai Liu, Ilpo Laine, and Lianzhong Yang, Complex Differential-Difference Equations (2021) Rajendra Vasant Gurjar, Kayo Masuda, and Masayoshi Miyanishi, Affine Space Fibrations (2022)