Effective Social Science

Eight Cases in Economics, Political Science, and Sociology

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Author: Bernard Barber

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 9781610440240

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 1082

Does social science influence social policy? This is a topic of perennial concern among students of politics, the economy, and other social institutions. In Effective Social Science, eight prominent social researchers offer first-hand descriptions of the impact of their work on government and corporate policy. In their own words, these noted political scientists, economists, and sociologists—among them such influential scholars as James Coleman, Joseph Pechman, and Eliz Ginzberg—tell us what it was like to become involved in the making of social policy. These rich personal narratives, derived from detailed interviews conducted by Bernard Barber (himself a veteran of the biomedical poliy arena), illuminate the role of social science in diverse areas, including school desegregation, comprehensive income taxation, military manpower utilization, transportation deregulation, and the protection of privacy. The patterns traced in this volume indicate that social science can influence policy, but only as part of a pluralistic, political process; effective social research requires advocacy as well as a conducive social and idealogical climate. For anyone curious about the relationship between social knowledge and social action, this book provides striking illustration and fruitful analysis.

Methods That Matter

Integrating Mixed Methods for More Effective Social Science Research

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Author: M. Cameron Hay

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022632883X

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 4959

To do research that really makes a difference—the authors of this book argue—social scientists need questions and methods that reflect the complexity of the world. Bringing together a consortium of voices across a variety of fields, Methods that Matter offers compelling and successful examples of mixed methods research that do just that. In case after case, the researchers here break out of the traditional methodological silos that have long separated social science disciplines in order to better describe the intricacies of our personal and social worlds. Historically, the largest division between social science methods has been that between quantitative and qualitative measures. For people trained in psychology or sociology, the bias has been toward the former, using surveys and experiments that yield readily comparable numerical results. For people trained in anthropology, it has been toward the latter, using ethnographic observations and interviews that offer richer nuances of meaning but are difficult to compare across societies. Discussing their own endeavors to combine the quantitative with the qualitative, the authors invite readers into a conversation about the best designs and practices of mixed methodologies to stimulate creative ideas and find new pathways of insight. The result is an engaging exploration of a promising new approach to the social sciences.

Effective Writing

A Guide for Social Science Students

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Author: Pedro Pak-tao Ng

Publisher: Chinese University Press

ISBN: 9789629961169

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 446

View: 6341

French rule in Syria and Lebanon coincided with the rise of colonial resistance around the world and with profound social trauma after World War I. In this tightly argued study, Elizabeth Thompson shows how Syrians and Lebanese mobilized, like other colonized peoples, to claim the terms of citizenship enjoyed in the European metropole. The negotiations between the French and citizens of the Mandate set the terms of politics for decades after Syria and Lebanon achieved independence in 1946. Colonial Citizens highlights gender as a central battlefield upon which the relative rights and obligations of states and citizens were established. The participants in this struggle included not only elite nationalists and French rulers, but also new mass movements of women, workers, youth, and Islamic populists. The author examines the "gendered battles" fought over France's paternalistic policies in health, education, labor, and the press. Two important and enduring political structures issued from these conflicts: * First, a colonial welfare state emerged by World War II that recognized social rights of citizens to health, education, and labor protection. * Second, tacit gender pacts were forged first by the French and then reaffirmed by the nationalist rulers of the independent states. These gender pacts represented a compromise among male political rivals, who agreed to exclude and marginalize female citizens in public life. This study provides a major contribution to the social construction of gender in nationalist and postcolonial discourse. Returning workers, low-ranking religious figures, and most of all, women to the narrative history of the region--figures usually omitted--Colonial Citizens enhances our understanding of the interwar period in the Middle East, providing needed context for a better understanding of statebuilding, nationalism, Islam, and gender since World War II.

Social Science Goes to War

The Human Terrain System in Iraq and Afghanistan

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Author: Montgomery McFate,Janice H. Laurence

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190613092

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 1471

The Human Terrain System (HTS) was catapulted into existence in 2006 by the US military's urgent need for knowledge of the human dimension of the battlespace in Iraq and Afghanistan. Its centrepiece was embedded groups of mixed military and civilian personnel, known as Human Terrain Teams (HTTs), whose mission was to conduct social science research and analysis and to advise military commanders about the local population. Bringing social science - and actual social scientists - to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan was bold and challenging. Despite the controversy over HTS among scholars, there is little good, reliable source material written by those with experience of HTS or about the actual work carried out by teams in theatre. This volume goes beyond the anecdotes, snippets and blogs to provide a comprehensive, objective and detailed view of HTS. The contributors put the program in historical context, discuss the obstacles it faced, analyse its successes, and detail the work of the teams downrange. Most importantly, they capture some of the diverse lived experience of HTS scholars and practitioners drawn from an eclectic array of the social sciences.

Social Science in Question

Towards a Postdisciplinary Framework

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Author: Mark J Smith

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761960416

Category: Social Science

Page: 364

View: 5882

How do social scientists study the social world? Is social scientific practice in transformation? Can social science learn from its own past? This major text takes the reader on an intellectual journey starting with the story of modern science and the impact that this has had on social scientific practice, and going on to outline and critically review the major approaches to social scientific inquiry, ranging from positivism to postmodernism. Throughout, readers are encouraged to think carefully about what it means to: study the social world in a scientific way; make connections between what they do and the everyday lives of the people they study; and look beyond their discipline and think in a postdisciplinary wa

Social Studies for the Caribbean

CXC Core Units and Options

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Author: B.A. Rohlehr

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435984076

Category: Caribbean Area

Page: 222

View: 1607

Fully meets the requirements of the latest CSEC® syllabus - Complete coverage of the core options, plus the options in communications, tourism and consumer affairs, including co-operatives - Practical guidance on how to approach the School-Based Assessment and on the alternative to the School-Based Assessment - Activities develop Social Studies skills and exam practice questions help students prepare for their exam

Operational Research and the Social Sciences

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Author: S.A. Cropper,Michael C. Jackson,Paul Keys

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461307899

Category: Psychology

Page: 723

View: 3635

Twenty five years ago, in 1964, The Operational Research Society's first International Conference (held at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge) took as its theme "Operational Research and the Social Sciences". The Conference sessions were organised around topics such as: Organisations and Control; Social Effects of Policies; Conflict Resolution; The Systems Concept; Models, Decisions and Operational Research. An examination of the published proceedings (J.R.Lawrence ed., 1966, Operational Research and the Social Sciences, Tavistock, London) reveals a distinct contrast between the types of contribution made by the representatives of the two academic communities involved. Nevertheless, the Conference served to break down some barriers, largely of ignorance about the objects, methods and findings of each concern. In the ensuing twenty five years, although debate has continued about the relationship between OR and the social sciences, mutual understanding has proved more difficult to achieve than many must have hoped for in 1964.

Leaving the Cave

Evolutionary Naturalism in Social-scientific Thought

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Author: Pat Duffy Hutcheon

Publisher: Wilfrid Laurier Univ. Press

ISBN: 0889202583

Category: Social Science

Page: 504

View: 6558

How can one explain the general failure of the social sciences to accumulate reliable knowledge? According to Pat Duffy Hutcheon the social sciences have failed us in the twentieth century. Practitioners in the social realm (such as politicians, therapists, educators and economists) are unable to provide the answers we seek to meet the challenges of our everyday lives and the next millennium. In Leaving the Cave Hutcheon explores the reasons for this failure. In this pioneering study of the development of social and biological evolutionary theory she contends that, for the first time in history, there exists a paradigm capable of integrating the life sciences and the social/behavioural sciences, a model to make effective social science a reality. To illustrate her arguments Hutcheon traces the development of a current of thought she identifies as evolutionary naturalism. She focusses on the lives and writings of those thinkers who have most illuminated this philosophy, from the Hellenic Greeks, through the works of the early pioneers of modern social scientific thought, to the social theorists of the late nineteenth and twentieth centuries whose ideas have been firmly rooted in the Darwinian and Pavlovian revolutions in biology and neuroscience. Leaving the Cave is an innovative, multidisciplinary study of the development of social science, the philosophy of evolutionary naturalism and the effect of each on the other. Certain to arouse controversy, this is a book which everyone concerned for the future of the social sciences will want to read.

Playful Religion

Challenges for the Study of Religion

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Author: A. F. Droogers

Publisher: Eburon Uitgeverij B.V.

ISBN: 9059721047

Category: Religion

Page: 172

View: 9381

Playful Religion explores the concept of play as it appears within the rituals and practices of various religions from around the world, such as Latin American Pentecostalism and the African religion of Candomblé. Despite the seriousness of the issues religion generally deals with, this book demonstrates that the idea of play is an essential part of religious life across cultures and throughout history. Making use of case studies that focus on contemporary religious choices, religious syncretism, and the fate of religion in Western Europe, Playful Religion is an in-depth look at the changing and highly imaginative face of global religion.

The Constitution of Social Practices

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Author: Kevin McMillan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 135171774X

Category: Social Science

Page: 198

View: 2122

Practices – specific, recurrent types of human action and activity – are perhaps the most fundamental "building blocks" of social reality. This book argues that the detailed empirical study of practices is essential to effective social-scientific inquiry. It develops a philosophical infrastructure for understanding human practices, and argues that practice theory should be the analytical centrepiece of social theory and the philosophy of the social sciences. What would social scientists’ research look like if they took these insights seriously? To answer this question, the book offers an analytical framework to guide empirical research on practices in different times and places. The author explores how practices can be identified, characterised and explained, how they function in concrete contexts and how they might change over time and space. The Constitution of Social Practices lies at the intersection of philosophy, social theory, cultural theory and the social sciences. It is essential reading for scholars in social theory and the philosophy of social science, as well as the broad range of researchers and students across the social sciences and humanities whose work stands to benefit from serious consideration of practices.

Handbook for Research Students in the Social Sciences

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Author: Graham Allan,C. J. Skinner

Publisher: Taylor & Francis US

ISBN: 9781850009351

Category: Social Science

Page: 283

View: 5884

Aimed at helping research students, working full- or part-time in the social sciences, to be as effective as possible in the pursuit of their degrees. Organized in three parts, the book discusses how to undertake a research degree, study and research skills and strategic approaches to research.

Handbook of Effective Literacy Instruction

Research-Based Practice K-8

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Author: Barbara M. Taylor,Nell K. Duke

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1462510981

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 625

View: 1490

This highly readable handbook synthesizes the best research on K-8 literacy instruction and distills key implications for classroom practice. Noted contributors provide clear recommendations for creating effective, motivating classroom environments; teaching core components of literacy; integrating literacy with content-area instruction; and building a schoolwide literacy program that helps all students succeed. Helpful figures, tables, resource lists, reflection questions, and concrete examples from real classrooms make the book an ideal tool for teacher training and professional development. Numerous reproducible worksheets and checklists can be downloaded and printed in a convenient 8 1/2" x 11" size.

PEDAGOGY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES

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Author: MANGAL, S. K.,MANGAL, UMA

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9387472264

Category:

Page: 664

View: 8805

Written in an easy-to-understand style, the text has been thoroughly revised in tune with the spirit and need of the new nomenclature Pedagogy of Social Sciences in place of the old designation Teaching of Social Studies. It reflects on the theoretical knowledge and practical skills required to teach Social Sciences in an effective manner. Introducing new chapters, the second edition of the book mainly focuses on improving the methodological concepts of the Social Sciences teachers. In doing so, it covers various strategies and devices of teaching Social Sciences, e-learning in Social Sciences, e-learning resources in Social Sciences, and professional growth of the Social Sciences teacher. Besides, the chapters of the previous edition have been updated, with the required information given in various new sections. This book is suitable for a course on ‘Pedagogy of Social Sciences’ for the students of B.Ed. and M.A. (Education). It can also be used for the in-service teacher education programmes organized by the Central and State education boards. NEW TO THE SECOND EDITION  In addition to the four new chapters, the book now incorporates several new sections: • Concept and meaning of the term Social Sciences; distinguishing the subject Social Sciences from Natural Sciences and the subject Social Studies; justification for using the term teaching/pedagogy of Social Sciences in place of teaching/pedagogy of Social Studies (Chapter 1) • Bloom’s revised taxonomy, 2001 (Chapter 4) • Views of NCF and Focus Group (NCERT) about curriculum at the various stages of school education (Chapter 5) • Survey method and cooperative learning method for the teaching of Social Sciences (Chapter 7) • Reference books in Social Sciences (Chapter 9) • Atlases, newspapers, digital audio recorders and players and documentaries as instructional material or teaching aids (Chapter 11) • Question banks, grading system, open book examinations and use of rubrics as the means and ways for improving the evaluation programmes in Social Sciences (Chapter 23)  Also, the chapter on ‘Relationship of Social Studies with other Subjects’ has been replaced with a more comprehensive and detailed chapter on ‘Correlation in Social Sciences’ (Chapter 6). KEY FEATURES  Chapter-end summary and study questions to help readers review the important topics and drill the concept discussed, respectively.  Numerous figures and tables to facilitate easy understanding of the concepts.  References and Suggested Readings to provide scope for further reading.

Social Science, Social Policy & the Law

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Author: Patricia Ewick,Robert A. Kagan,Austin Sarat

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 1610441915

Category: Law

Page: 400

View: 7673

Social science has been an important influence on legal thought since the legal realists of the1930s began to argue that laws should be socially workable as well as legally valid. With the expansion of legal rights in the 1960s, the law and social science were bound together by an optimistic belief that legal interventions, if fully informed by social science, could become an effective instrument of social improvement. Legal justice, it was hoped, could translate directly into social justice. Though this optimism has receded in both disciplines, social science and the law have remained intimately connected. Social Science, Social Policy, and the Law maps out this new relationship, applying social science to particular legal issues and reflecting upon the role of social science in legal thought. Several case studies illustrate the way that the law is embedded within the tangled interests and incentives that drive the social world. One study examines the entrepreneurialism that has shaped our systems of punishment from the colonial practice of deportation to today's privatized jails. Another case shows how many of those who do not qualify for legal aid cannot afford an effective legal defense with the consequence that economic inequality leads to inequality before the law. Two other studies look at the mixed results of legal regulation: the failure of legal safeguards to stop NASA's fatal 1986 Challenger launch decision, and the complicated effects of regulations to curb conflicts of interest in law firms. These two cases demonstrate that the law's effectiveness can depend, not only on how it is drafted, but also on how well it harmonizes with pre-existing social norms and patterns of self-regulation. The contributors to this volume share the belief that social science can and should influence legal policymaking. Empirical research is necessary to offset anecdotal evidence and untested assertions. But research that is acceptable to the academy may not stand up in court, and, as a result, social science does not always get a sympathetic hearing from legal decision makers. The relationship between social science and the law will always be complex; this volume takes a lead in showing how it can nonetheless be productive.