Methods That Matter

Integrating Mixed Methods for More Effective Social Science Research

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Author: M. Cameron Hay

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 022632883X

Category: Social Science

Page: 448

View: 4426

To do research that really makes a difference—the authors of this book argue—social scientists need questions and methods that reflect the complexity of the world. Bringing together a consortium of voices across a variety of fields, Methods that Matter offers compelling and successful examples of mixed methods research that do just that. In case after case, the researchers here break out of the traditional methodological silos that have long separated social science disciplines in order to better describe the intricacies of our personal and social worlds. Historically, the largest division between social science methods has been that between quantitative and qualitative measures. For people trained in psychology or sociology, the bias has been toward the former, using surveys and experiments that yield readily comparable numerical results. For people trained in anthropology, it has been toward the latter, using ethnographic observations and interviews that offer richer nuances of meaning but are difficult to compare across societies. Discussing their own endeavors to combine the quantitative with the qualitative, the authors invite readers into a conversation about the best designs and practices of mixed methodologies to stimulate creative ideas and find new pathways of insight. The result is an engaging exploration of a promising new approach to the social sciences.

Effective Social Science

Eight Cases in Economics, Political Science, and Sociology

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Author: Bernard Barber

Publisher: Russell Sage Foundation

ISBN: 9781610440240

Category: Social Science

Page: 216

View: 6871

Does social science influence social policy? This is a topic of perennial concern among students of politics, the economy, and other social institutions. In Effective Social Science, eight prominent social researchers offer first-hand descriptions of the impact of their work on government and corporate policy. In their own words, these noted political scientists, economists, and sociologists—among them such influential scholars as James Coleman, Joseph Pechman, and Eliz Ginzberg—tell us what it was like to become involved in the making of social policy. These rich personal narratives, derived from detailed interviews conducted by Bernard Barber (himself a veteran of the biomedical poliy arena), illuminate the role of social science in diverse areas, including school desegregation, comprehensive income taxation, military manpower utilization, transportation deregulation, and the protection of privacy. The patterns traced in this volume indicate that social science can influence policy, but only as part of a pluralistic, political process; effective social research requires advocacy as well as a conducive social and idealogical climate. For anyone curious about the relationship between social knowledge and social action, this book provides striking illustration and fruitful analysis.

Effective Writing

A Guide for Social Science Students

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Author: Pedro Pak-tao Ng

Publisher: Chinese University Press

ISBN: 9789629961169

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 446

View: 1379

French rule in Syria and Lebanon coincided with the rise of colonial resistance around the world and with profound social trauma after World War I. In this tightly argued study, Elizabeth Thompson shows how Syrians and Lebanese mobilized, like other colonized peoples, to claim the terms of citizenship enjoyed in the European metropole. The negotiations between the French and citizens of the Mandate set the terms of politics for decades after Syria and Lebanon achieved independence in 1946. Colonial Citizens highlights gender as a central battlefield upon which the relative rights and obligations of states and citizens were established. The participants in this struggle included not only elite nationalists and French rulers, but also new mass movements of women, workers, youth, and Islamic populists. The author examines the "gendered battles" fought over France's paternalistic policies in health, education, labor, and the press. Two important and enduring political structures issued from these conflicts: * First, a colonial welfare state emerged by World War II that recognized social rights of citizens to health, education, and labor protection. * Second, tacit gender pacts were forged first by the French and then reaffirmed by the nationalist rulers of the independent states. These gender pacts represented a compromise among male political rivals, who agreed to exclude and marginalize female citizens in public life. This study provides a major contribution to the social construction of gender in nationalist and postcolonial discourse. Returning workers, low-ranking religious figures, and most of all, women to the narrative history of the region--figures usually omitted--Colonial Citizens enhances our understanding of the interwar period in the Middle East, providing needed context for a better understanding of statebuilding, nationalism, Islam, and gender since World War II.

The Essentials of Social Studies, Grades K-8

Effective Curriculum, Instruction, and Assessment (Priorities in Practice series)

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Author: Kathy Checkley

Publisher: ASCD

ISBN: 1416616896

Category: Education

Page: 86

View: 9158

In today's climate of accountability and high-stakes testing, many U.S. schools are choosing to focus on the three Rs to the exclusion of other subjects, including social studies. Yet it is more crucial than ever for schools to foster the qualities that will enable students to actively participate in a democratic and global society. The Essentials of Social Studies, Grades K-8 takes a look at how innovative educators are helping students to hone these skills. Readers of this book will learn more about *The challenges that elementary and middle school teachers face in keeping social studies in the curriculum. * How to align social studies lessons with curriculum standards. * Strategies to infuse social studies instruction with passion and purpose. * Ways to promote students' deep understanding of social studies content. * Why lessons and assessments should give students opportunities to solve problems, work on projects, and engage in simulations. * How social studies can prepare students for a lifetime of active civic involvement. * Professional development that will help teachers bring the social studies curriculum to life in the classroom. The future of the United States in no small part depends on how well social studies teachers prepare students to assume their responsibilities as citizens. The Essentials of Social Studies, Grades K-8 will help teachers rise to this considerable challenge.

Exploring Globalization Opportunities and Challenges in Social Studies

Effective Instructional Approaches

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Author: Lydiah Nganga,John Kambutu,William B. Russell

Publisher: Peter Lang Pub Incorporated

ISBN: 9781433121289

Category: Education

Page: 267

View: 868

This book on global issues, trends, and practices is intended to serve primarily as an instructional and learning resource in social studies methods courses for preservice teachers. In addition, it is an effective social studies and global education resource for college faculty, graduate students, inservice educators, and other professionals because it has divergent, practical, and relevant ideas. Teaching global education is challenging. It requires an understanding of globalization and how it affects policies, reforms, and education. Therefore, this book explores real global issues in the classroom and also offers different innovative instructional strategies that educators have employed while teaching social studies courses. The volume includes detailed reviews of literature and research findings which facilitate the design of quality pertinent units and lessons plans. Indeed, this book is a critical tool to help educators and students to gain a better understanding of globalization and global education.

Best Practices in Social Studies Assessment

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Author: Mark Pearcy

Publisher: IAP

ISBN: 1681237636

Category: Education

Page: 153

View: 8189

The importance of social studies assessment is beyond question. The National Council of the Social Studies’ C3 Framework recognizes the importance of high?quality assessments—its major objective, a “deep understanding of the sociocultural world,” has as its underpinning the idea that students must be able to investigate the world, and that teachers much be able to assess their understanding of it. However, there is a comparative dearth of research that focuses on effective social studies assessment, particularly with regard to the impact of teacher practice on the development of best practices. Such research is vital to moving social studies away from an emphasis on testing and more towards using assessment as a means of educating our students. In Best Practices of Social Studies Assessment, we focus on an essential question: what is an "effective" assessment? Helping teachers develop practical, creative, curriculum?appropriate strategies is essential, especially in an era in which teachers are faced with the dilemma of creating inquiry?based assessments in the midst of preexisting regimes of standardized summative assessments. In this volume, research conducted between university professors and working teachers is described, focusing on innovative assessment practices. These practices include role?playing activities depicting historical events; Socratic seminars revolving around public policy issues; collaborative student projects on a wide range of social inquiries, including the implementation of UN programs; and the promotion of critical thinking and writing skills, on subjects as diverse as school violence and the impact of imperialism. These adaptive assessments highlight the essential role of the teacher in creating assessments that blend higher?order critical thinking, complex content knowledge, and an understanding of their own students. The strategies described in this volume focus on the ability of expert educators to “[acknowledge] the structures, power, and consequences of high?stakes testing regimes while simultaneously designing and sustaining classroom assessment methods that embody the social?participatory nature of learning and reflect research on effective practice” (p. 289). The volume also describes the shared characteristics of the teachers who created these assessments, especially their emphasis on self?reflection and student autonomy, as well as their professional willingness to take on challenges associated with performance?based assessments, even in the face of institutional pressures and external demands.

Effective Social Work with Children and Families

A Skills Handbook

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Author: Peter Unwin,Rachel Hogg

Publisher: SAGE Publications

ISBN: 0857027301

Category: Social Science

Page: 224

View: 6848

Covering a core topic on the curriculum, this book provides students with the key knowledge and skills that they need for practice and is fully up-to-date, incorporating the findings of the Munro Report (2011).

Social Science Goes to War

The Human Terrain System in Iraq and Afghanistan

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Author: Montgomery McFate,Janice H. Laurence

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190613378

Category: Social Science

Page: 320

View: 7862

The Human Terrain System (HTS) was catapulted into existence in 2006 by the US military's urgent need for knowledge of the human dimension of the battlespace in Iraq and Afghanistan. Its centrepiece was embedded groups of mixed military and civilian personnel, known as Human Terrain Teams (HTTs), whose mission was to conduct social science research and analysis and to advise military commanders about the local population. Bringing social science - and actual social scientists - to the wars in Iraq and Afghanistan was bold and challenging. Despite the controversy over HTS among scholars, there is little good, reliable source material written by those with experience of HTS or about the actual work carried out by teams in theatre. This volume goes beyond the anecdotes, snippets and blogs to provide a comprehensive, objective and detailed view of HTS. The contributors put the program in historical context, discuss the obstacles it faced, analyse its successes, and detail the work of the teams downrange. Most importantly, they capture some of the diverse lived experience of HTS scholars and practitioners drawn from an eclectic array of the social sciences.

Effective Teaching in Elementary Social Studies

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Author: Tom V. Savage,David G. Armstrong

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780131738430

Category: Education

Page: 329

View: 627

The sixth edition of this popular book helps readers aid children in developing thinking skills and master principles, encouraging them to understand the world, approach challenges from different perspectives, and understand and stand firm in the face of injustice. Understanding social studies is crucial to the creation of thoughtful, involved citizens. Up-to-date material on technology and pro-social behavior challenges readers to reflect upon significant issues. Topics include: the definition of social studies; history and geography; political science and economics; sociology, anthropology and psychology; teaching social studies; culture, gender, and exceptionalities; planning and assessing by working with the social studies standards. This book will serve as an excellent resource for all educators in the field of social studies, as well as for those employed in various fields where social studies is a component in understanding today's social trends.

Operational Research and the Social Sciences

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Author: S.A. Cropper,Michael C. Jackson,Paul Keys

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461307899

Category: Psychology

Page: 723

View: 3930

Twenty five years ago, in 1964, The Operational Research Society's first International Conference (held at Gonville and Caius College, Cambridge) took as its theme "Operational Research and the Social Sciences". The Conference sessions were organised around topics such as: Organisations and Control; Social Effects of Policies; Conflict Resolution; The Systems Concept; Models, Decisions and Operational Research. An examination of the published proceedings (J.R.Lawrence ed., 1966, Operational Research and the Social Sciences, Tavistock, London) reveals a distinct contrast between the types of contribution made by the representatives of the two academic communities involved. Nevertheless, the Conference served to break down some barriers, largely of ignorance about the objects, methods and findings of each concern. In the ensuing twenty five years, although debate has continued about the relationship between OR and the social sciences, mutual understanding has proved more difficult to achieve than many must have hoped for in 1964.

Instructional Strategies for Middle and High School Social Studies

Methods, Assessment, and Classroom Management

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Author: Bruce E. Larson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317539427

Category: Education

Page: 312

View: 7151

Instructional Strategies for Middle and High School Social Studies: Methods, Assessment, and Classroom Management is an exciting methods-based text that integrates appropriate management and assessment techniques with seven distinct teaching strategies. Writing explicitly for pre-service social studies teachers, veteran teacher educator Bruce E. Larson offers detailed descriptions of a range of instructional strategies, along with guidelines for deciding how and when to use each. Part I offers the foundations for teaching and learning in a social studies classroom, and explores contextual, theoretical, and policy factors that all teachers need to consider before entering the classroom. Part II delivers a range of comprehensive strategies for providing instruction that is appropriate for particular lessons, student abilities, and classroom environments. The practical strategies in Part II build upon the learning theories described in Part I, positioning Instructional Strategies for Middle and High School Social Studies to be the go-to, all-inclusive teacher’s guide to the social studies classroom. New to this Edition A list of goals before each chapter presents an overview of the chapter’s content focus, and provides an outline for the chapter review. Extensively revised Part I (chapters 1–4) provides an updated review of national standards developed for teaching history, geography, civics, and economics. In-depth applications of the Common Core State Standards for the social studies are also explored. New "Reality Check" feature provides directions for integrating field-based experiences into the chapters, and contextualizes the ideas in the book for a classroom setting. Each chapter in Part II (chapters 5–11) has been expanded to include a section labeled "Enhancing Student Learning with Technology," offering websites, links, and other resources for integrating recent technologies into the classroom. Chapters 5–11 include a new "Making Your Lesson More Meaningful for ELLs" feature, which provides ideas—based on current research and theories about learning language—for engaging ELLs, specific for each instructional strategy. Expanded discussion of the "Understanding by Design" model equips teachers to design learning experiences that promote student understanding by intentionally designing what happens in the classroom, and developing authentic formative assessments of student learning.

PEDAGOGY OF SOCIAL SCIENCES

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Author: MANGAL, S. K.,MANGAL, UMA

Publisher: PHI Learning Pvt. Ltd.

ISBN: 9387472264

Category:

Page: 664

View: 9703

Written in an easy-to-understand style, the text has been thoroughly revised in tune with the spirit and need of the new nomenclature Pedagogy of Social Sciences in place of the old designation Teaching of Social Studies. It reflects on the theoretical knowledge and practical skills required to teach Social Sciences in an effective manner. Introducing new chapters, the second edition of the book mainly focuses on improving the methodological concepts of the Social Sciences teachers. In doing so, it covers various strategies and devices of teaching Social Sciences, e-learning in Social Sciences, e-learning resources in Social Sciences, and professional growth of the Social Sciences teacher. Besides, the chapters of the previous edition have been updated, with the required information given in various new sections. This book is suitable for a course on ‘Pedagogy of Social Sciences’ for the students of B.Ed. and M.A. (Education). It can also be used for the in-service teacher education programmes organized by the Central and State education boards. NEW TO THE SECOND EDITION  In addition to the four new chapters, the book now incorporates several new sections: • Concept and meaning of the term Social Sciences; distinguishing the subject Social Sciences from Natural Sciences and the subject Social Studies; justification for using the term teaching/pedagogy of Social Sciences in place of teaching/pedagogy of Social Studies (Chapter 1) • Bloom’s revised taxonomy, 2001 (Chapter 4) • Views of NCF and Focus Group (NCERT) about curriculum at the various stages of school education (Chapter 5) • Survey method and cooperative learning method for the teaching of Social Sciences (Chapter 7) • Reference books in Social Sciences (Chapter 9) • Atlases, newspapers, digital audio recorders and players and documentaries as instructional material or teaching aids (Chapter 11) • Question banks, grading system, open book examinations and use of rubrics as the means and ways for improving the evaluation programmes in Social Sciences (Chapter 23)  Also, the chapter on ‘Relationship of Social Studies with other Subjects’ has been replaced with a more comprehensive and detailed chapter on ‘Correlation in Social Sciences’ (Chapter 6). KEY FEATURES  Chapter-end summary and study questions to help readers review the important topics and drill the concept discussed, respectively.  Numerous figures and tables to facilitate easy understanding of the concepts.  References and Suggested Readings to provide scope for further reading.

Teaching Social Studies that Matters

Curriculum for Active Learning

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Author: Stephen J. Thornton

Publisher: Teachers College Press

ISBN: 9780807745229

Category: Education

Page: 127

View: 4604

No plan to increase achievement and enact reform in the social studies classroom will succeed without recognizing the central importance of the teacher as the gatekeeperof instruction. In this book, Thornton details why teachers must develop strong skills in curriculum planning and teaching methods in order for effective instruction to occur. Thornton helps teachers to develop a vision of their practice that will build strong social studies programs and inspire students to learn. This book features replicable examples of the kinds of reflective practice that will enable teachers to animate classroom instruction and create a dynamic social studies curriculum and an analysis of how teachers adapt and shape state and district level curricula and classroom materials to fit the specific needs of their students, and a model of how to develop an instructional program with suggestions for lesson planning.

Teaching Social Studies in Middle and Secondary Schools

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Author: Candy Beal,Cheryl Mason Bolick,Peter H. Martorella

Publisher: Allyn & Bacon

ISBN: 9780131591813

Category: Education

Page: 425

View: 7194

This comprehensive introduction to teaching social studies to middle and secondary school students includes many new ideas for teaching in our 21stcentury classrooms. Continuing the tradition of social studies innovator Peter Martorella and taking a constructivist approach, the authors address current issues such as diversity, technology, inclusion, and teacher certification. Martorella believed that the fundamental purpose of social studies should be the development of reflective, competent, and concerned citizens. The goal of the book is to assist preservice and inservice middle and secondary teachers in becoming more effective teachers of social studies. To do this, the authors draw on theory, research, and the wisdom of experienced teachers. The text is organized in three parts: the origins of social studies, developing reflective and concerned citizens, and analyzing and improving the teaching of social studies. The book continues to address the need of helping students to develop a global perspective and become open-minded reflective citizens of the world. The blend of teacher insight, current research findings, and well-grounded theories give new and experienced educators the foundation they need to nurture and sustain effective social studies instruction.

Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science

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Author: National Research Council,Division of Behavioral and Social Sciences and Education,Board on Behavioral, Cognitive, and Sensory Sciences,Committee on the Science of Team Science

Publisher: National Academies Press

ISBN: 0309316855

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 6175

The past half-century has witnessed a dramatic increase in the scale and complexity of scientific research. The growing scale of science has been accompanied by a shift toward collaborative research, referred to as "team science." Scientific research is increasingly conducted by small teams and larger groups rather than individual investigators, but the challenges of collaboration can slow these teams' progress in achieving their scientific goals. How does a team-based approach work, and how can universities and research institutions support teams? Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science synthesizes and integrates the available research to provide guidance on assembling the science team; leadership, education and professional development for science teams and groups. It also examines institutional and organizational structures and policies to support science teams and identifies areas where further research is needed to help science teams and groups achieve their scientific and translational goals. This report offers major public policy recommendations for science research agencies and policymakers, as well as recommendations for individual scientists, disciplinary associations, and research universities. Enhancing the Effectiveness of Team Science will be of interest to university research administrators, team science leaders, science faculty, and graduate and postdoctoral students.

The Routledge Doctoral Supervisor's Companion

Supporting Effective Research in Education and the Social Sciences

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Author: Melanie Walker,Pat Thomson

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113697170X

Category: Education

Page: 300

View: 2384

Accompanying The Routledge Doctoral Student’s Companion this book examines what it means to be a doctoral student in education and the social sciences, providing a guide for those supervising students. Exploring the key role and pedagogical challenges that face supervisors in students’ personal development, the contributors outline the research capabilities which are essential for confidence, quality and success in doctorate level research. Providing guidance about helpful resources and methodological support, the chapters: frame important questions within the history of debates act as a road map through international literatures make suggestions for good practice raise important questions and provide answers to key pedagogical issues provide advice on enabling students’ scholarly careers and identities. While there is no one solution to ideal supervision, this wide-ranging text offers resources that will help supervisors develop their own personal approach to supervision. Ideal for all supervisors whether assisting part-time of full-time students, it is also highly suitable for helping academics to support international students who confront Western doctoral traditions and academic cultures, helping both supervisor and student to understand why things are as they are.