Economy/Society

Markets, Meanings, and Social Structure

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Author: Bruce G. Carruthers,Sarah L. Babb

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412994969

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 235

View: 4957

In this long-awaited second edition of Economy/Society Markets, Meanings, and Social Structure, authors Carruthers and Babb continue to offer an accessible introduction to the way social arrangements affect economic activity, and shows that economic exchanges are deeply embedded in social relationships. Understanding how society shapes the economy helps us answer many important questions. For example, how does advertising get people to buy things? How do people use their social connections to get jobs? How did large bureaucratic organizations come to be so pervasive in modern economies—and what difference does it make? How can we explain the persistence of economic inequalities between men and women and across racial groups? Why do some countries become rich while others stay poor? This book presents sociological answers to questions like these, and encourages its readers to view the economy through a sociological lens.

Law/Society

Origins, Interactions, and Change

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Author: John Sutton

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 9780761987055

Category: Family & Relationships

Page: 301

View: 5768

Foundations of the Sociology of Law provides a conceptual framework for thinking about the full range of topics within the sociology of law discipline. The book: contrasts normative and sociological perspectives on law; presents a primer on the logic of research and inference as applied to law related issues; examines theories of legal change; and discusses law in action with specific reference to civil rights legislation.

The Sociology of Childhood

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Author: William A. Corsaro

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 9780761987512

Category: Social Science

Page: 359

View: 7464

′The provision of many amusing examples from Corsaro′s own research experience with children make his book a thoroughly enjoyable read as well as a valuable critical sociological analysis of childhood′ - Sociology The Sociology of Childhood is the Second Edition of a text that has been universally acclaimed as the best book on the subject available today. It is the only text that thoroughly covers children and childhood from a sociological perspective. The second edition retains the same quality coverage of social theories of childhood, the consideration of children and childhood in historical and cultural perspective, children′s peer cultures from preschool through preadolescence, and the social problems of children. The book has been updated to include new research, information, and discussions on the latest social indicators regarding children in the United States and around the world. Key Features New chapter on up-to-date methods of research for studying children. New chapters on theory, cultural change, and children′s peer cultures. New section on children′s rights including a description and discussion of the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child. Updated chapter on the Future of Childhood addresses current policy debates and changing demographics related to children in today′s societies. Contains many examples of children′s actual play and behavior. Provides photographs and charts that capture the complexity and diversity of children′s lives. The Sociology of Childhood is highly recommended for use as the core text in courses on the sociology of children and childhood, as well as for parents, teachers, and other adults interested in the social lives and development of children. It can also be used in early education, child development, and child psychology courses, and as a supplemental text in the area of family studies. William A. Corsaro is the Robert H. Shaffer Class of 1967 Endowed Professor of Sociology at Indiana University, Bloomington, where he teaches courses on the sociology of childhood, childhood in contemporary society, and ethnographic research methods. Corsaro is the author of Friendship and Peer Culture in the Early Years (1985) and "We′re Friends, Right": Inside Kids′ Culture (2003). He was a Fulbright Senior Research Fellow in Bologna, Italy, in 1983-84 and a Fulbright Senior Specialist Fellow in Trondheim, Norway, in 2003. His research has been featured on NPR, the BBC in London, and in the New Yorker.

Making Societies

The Historical Construction of Our World

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Author: William G. Roy

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 9780761986621

Category: Social Science

Page: 219

View: 9608

This book shows how the social constructions of time, space, race, gender and class intersect with each other to produce particular social phenomena that are enduring and significant for our society. Leading the reader through examples drawn from around the world, the author shows how these categories are social constructions; historically formed, ideologically loaded, and subject to change.

Conflict, Order and Action

Readings in Sociology

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Author: Edward Ksenych,David Liu

Publisher: Canadian Scholars’ Press

ISBN: 9781551301921

Category: Social Science

Page: 474

View: 8856

This engaging collection of classic and contemporary readings is designed to complement introductory sociology texts by offering students a lively variety of examples of the practice of sociological inquiry. The authors bring together selections of seminal sociological thought, current North American formulations of the sociological imagination, as well as applications of sociology to contemporary topics and issues with a Canadian focus. The aim of the reader is to provide selections that are compelling, relatively accessible, and reflect the diversity of theoretical approaches and methodologies that constitute sociological inquiry within the limitations of having an affordable book. It provides rich supplementary resource material for the main topics usually taken up in introductory courses: the sociological perspective, culture, action and interaction, socialisation, work and the economy, social inequality, gender relations, family, deviance and social control, and social change. In addition, the reader is an excellent resource for courses with fieldwork assignments. It provides a section on selected field projects that can be done in a one or two semester course, and contains articles that can serve as examples of each project.

Money and Credit

A Sociological Approach

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Author: Bruce G. Carruthers,Laura Ariovich

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745643914

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 215

View: 6577

This book offers a fresh and uniquely sociological perspective on money and credit. As basic economic institutions, money and credit are easy to overlook when they work well. When they malfunction, their importance becomes obvious and demands further investigation. Bruce G. Carruthers and Laura Ariovich examine the social dimensions of money and credit at both the individual and corporate levels, from the development of personal credit in a consumer society to the role of government in the creation of money. In clear prose, they illustrate how the overall economy is governed by the financial system and the flow of capital into, and out of, firms. They also explore the social meanings of money, and how people distinguish between "dirty" and "clean" money. This accessible and engaging book will be essential reading for upper-level students of economic sociology, and those interested in how the bills, coins, and plastic in our pockets shape the world in which we live.

Global Capitalism

A Sociological Perspective

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Author: Miguel A. Centeno,Joseph N. Cohen

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 0745644503

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 246

View: 9233

The global financial crisis has challenged many of our most authoritative economic ideologies and policies. After thirty years of reshaping the world to conform to the market, governments and societies are now calling for a retreat to a yet undefined new economic order. In order to provide a guide to what the twenty-first-century economy might look like, this book revisits the great project of Global Capitalism. What did it actually entail? How far did it go? What were its strengths and failings? By deconstructing its core ideas and examining its empirical record, can we gain clues about how to move forward after the crisis? Miguel Centeno and Joseph Cohen define capitalism as a historically-evolving and socially-constructed institution, rooted in three core economic activities trade, finance and marketing and identify the three key challenges that any new economic system will need to surmount inequality, governance, and environmental sustainability. This accessible and engaging book will be essential reading for students of economic sociology, and all those interested in the construction of our economic future.

Sociology in Perspective

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Author: Mark Kirby

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435331603

Category: Sociology

Page: 831

View: 7686

This text, specifically for AQA specifications, is designed to be easy and encouraging for students to use. The book contains updated material and activities together with a new chapter on study skills. It also indicates clearly where activities meet the new evidence requirements for key skills.

Midwifery

Preparation for Practice

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Author: Sally K. Tracy,Carol Thorogood,Jan Pincombe,Sally Pairman

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN: 072957928X

Category: Medical

Page: 976

View: 9685

Midwifery Preparation for Practice 2e is the only text which reflects the historical and socio – political environment in which midwives in Australia and New Zealand practice. In addition, it is the only text which incorporates the philosophy and standards endorsed by New Zealand and Australian Colleges of Midwives while also focusing on the partnership between midwives with women and the woman- centred model of midwifery care. The second edition has built on the existing philosophy and structure of Midwifery: Preparation for Practice, though with a greater emphasis on the development of critical thinking and researching skills. Key chapters have been re-written to reflect recent changes in government legislation while current research and pertinent examples are included throughout the text. This new edition is supported by a comprehensive suite of resources for both Instructors and Students using the Evolve website as a platform. These ancillaries will re-enforce the critical thinking elements for students with interactive case studies and scenario based learning exercises as well as the multiple choice questions. Presents unique philosophy and woman-centered approach in line with the standards set by the ACNM and NZCM Key contributors from Australia and New Zealand Key terms, Chapter Overview, Learning Outcomes and Review Questions included in every chapter. Reflective exercises, Critical thinking exercises and Clinical Scenarios to encourage active student learning 2 new Indigenous chapters highlight key health aspects relevant for Midwives working with Aboriginal and Torres Strait Islander women and Maori women New chapter on Perineal care and repair Increased coverage of anatomy and physiology Instructor and Student resources on Evolve with a focus on critical thinking – Weblinks, interactive case studies, PowerPoints, additional exercises with questions and answers

Social Theory

Its Origins, History, and Contemporary Relevance

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Author: Daniel W. Rossides

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9781882289509

Category: Social Science

Page: 389

View: 6350

Social Theory: Its Origins, History, and Contemporary Relevance analyzes the tradition of social theory in terms of its origins and changes in kind of societies. Rossides provides a full discussion of the sociohistorical environments that generated Western social theory with a focus on the contemporary modern world. While employing a sociology of knowledge approach that identifies theories as aristocratic versus democratic, liberal versus socialist and also liberal feminist versus radical feminist; it attempts to construct a scientific, unified social theory in the West. Additionally, it also features African American theory, American culture studies, political and legal philosophy, and environmental theory.

Khipu kamayuq

newsletter of the Latin American Studies Program, University of Massachusetts

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 7618

The Social Organization of Work

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Author: Teresa A. Sullivan,Randy Hodson

Publisher: Wadsworth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 508

View: 5265

Part One: History and Methods. 1. The Evolution of Work. 2. Studying the World of Work. Part Two: The Personal Context of Work. 3. Work and Family. 4. Meaningful Work. 5. Barriers and Disruptions at Work. 6. Collective Responses to Work. Part Three: Industries and Technologies. 7. Technology and Organization. 8. From Field, Mine and Factory. 9. The High-Technology Workplace. 10. Services. Part Four: Occupations and Professions. 11. Professions and Professions. 12. Executives, Managers, and Administrators. 13. Clerical and Sales Workers. 14. Marginal Jobs. Part Five: Work in the Twenty-First Century. 15. The World of the Large Corporation. 16. Work in a Global Economy. 17. The Future of Work. Appendix Table 1. Detailed Occupational Data.

Age and Structural Lag

Society's Failure to Provide Meaningful Opportunities in Work, Family, and Leisure

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Author: Matilda White Riley,Robert L. Kahn,Anne Foner

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 5140

"In society at large, lives have been drastically altered over this century--as a consequence of increased longevity, advances in science and education, the gender revolution, improvements in public health, and other historical trends and events--but numerous inflexible social structures, roles, and norms have lagged behind. There is a mismatch or imbalance between the transformation of the aging process from birth to death and the role opportunities or places in the social structure that could foster and reward people at the various stages of their lives. While the twentieth century has experienced a revolution in human development and aging, there has been no comparable revolution in the role structures of society to keep pace with the changes in the ways people grow up and grow old. The lag involves not only institutional and organizational arrangements, but also the many aspects of culture that, in addition to being internalized by people, are built into role expectations and societal mores and laws. For the future, then, structural changes will be needed if people are to find opportunities to spread leisure and work, as well as education, more evenly over the life course, and to make room for family affairs." --from Age and Structural Lag

Absees

Soviet and East European Abstracts Series

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Russia

Page: N.A

View: 5840

Vols. for 1977- include microfiche in pockets.

Global Exchanges and Gender Perspectives in Africa

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Author: Jean-Bernard Ouédraogo,Roseline M. Achieng'

Publisher: African Books Collective

ISBN: 2869784880

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 1221

The global perspectives adopted in this volume by the authors, from different academic disciplines and social experiences, ought not to be locked in sterile linearity which within process of globalisation would fail to perceive, the irreversible opening up of the worlds of the south. There is the need within the framework of the analyses presented here, to quite cogently define the sense of the notion of the market. The market here does not refer to saving or the localised exchange of goods, a perspective which is imposed by normative perceptions. In fact, a strictly materialistic reading of exchange would be included, since every social practice and interaction implies a communitarian transaction; meanwhile the exchange system under study here broadens to root out the obligation of the maximisation of mercantile profit from the cycle of exchange. Trade here would have a meaning closer to those of old, one of human interaction, in a way that one could also refer to 'bon commerce' between humans. In one way, trade places itself at the heart of social exchanges, included the power of money, and is carried along by a multitude of social interactions. The reader is called upon to take into account the major mercantile formations of the social trade system, the market society, without forgetting the diversity of exchange routes as well as the varying modalities of social construction, at the margins and within market logics - those of implicit value in trade between humans - which the texts herein also seek to review. The age-old project of restructuring the domestic economy, the market society as it has developed in the West, - whence it has set out to conquer the whole wide world - places at the very centre of the current capitalist expansion the challenge of imperatively reshaping gender identity, inter alia, in market relations.