Environmental Science, 13th Edition


Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1467258822

Category: Education

Page: 348

View: 2541

Facts101 is your complete guide to Environmental Science, 13th Edition. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Earth Science

Earth sciences, Earth sciences


Author: CTI Reviews

Publisher: Cram101 Textbook Reviews

ISBN: 1490274588

Category: Education

Page: 214

View: 874

Facts101 is your complete guide to Earth Science. In this book, you will learn topics such as as those in your book plus much more. With key features such as key terms, people and places, Facts101 gives you all the information you need to prepare for your next exam. Our practice tests are specific to the textbook and we have designed tools to make the most of your limited study time.

Encyclopedia of Environmental Change

Three Volume Set


Author: John A Matthews

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473928192

Category: Nature

Page: 1496

View: 5146

Accessibly written by a team of international authors, the Encyclopedia of Environmental Change provides a gateway to the complex facts, concepts, techniques, methodology and philosophy of environmental change. This three-volume set illustrates and examines topics within this dynamic and rapidly changing interdisciplinary field. The encyclopedia includes all of the following aspects of environmental change: Diverse evidence of environmental change, including climate change and changes on land and in the oceans Underlying natural and anthropogenic causes and mechanisms Wide-ranging local, regional and global impacts from the polar regions to the tropics Responses of geo-ecosystems and human-environmental systems in the face of past, present and future environmental change Approaches, methodologies and techniques used for reconstructing, dating, monitoring, modelling, projecting and predicting change Social, economic and political dimensions of environmental issues, environmental conservation and management and environmental policy Over 4,000 entries explore the following key themes and more: Conservation Demographic change Environmental management Environmental policy Environmental security Food security Glaciation Green Revolution Human impact on environment Industrialization Landuse change Military impacts on environment Mining and mining impacts Nuclear energy Pollution Renewable resources Solar energy Sustainability Tourism Trade Water resources Water security Wildlife conservation The comprehensive coverage of terminology includes layers of entries ranging from one-line definitions to short essays, making this an invaluable companion for any student of physical geography, environmental geography or environmental sciences.

Earth Science


Author: Edward J. Tarbuck,Frederick K. Lutgens,Dennis Tasa

Publisher: Prentice Hall

ISBN: 9780321928092

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 768

View: 7335

"Earth science, 14th edition, is a college-level text designed for an introductory course in Earth science. It consists of seven units that emphasize broad and up-to-date coverage of basic topics and principles in geology, oceanography, meteorology, and astronomy. The book is intended to be a meaningful, nontechnical survey for undergraduate students with little background in science. Usually these students are taking an Earth science class to meet a portion of their college or university's general requirements. In addition to being informative and up-to-date, Earth science, 14th edition, strives to meet the need of beginning students for a readable and user-friendly text and a highly usable "tool" for learning basic Earth science principles and concepts"--Provided by publisher.

Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning


Author: Eli Hinkel

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317508351

Category: Education

Page: 514

View: 5247

Volume III of the Handbook of Research in Second Language Teaching and Learning, like Volumes I and II, is a comprehensive, state-of-the-art overview of current research into social contexts of second language (L2)/foreign language (FL) teaching and learning; language policy; curriculum; types of instruction; incremental language skills such as listening, speaking, reading, writing, vocabulary, and grammar; international communication; pragmatics; assessment and testing. It differs from earlier volumes in its main purpose—to provide a more in-depth discussion and detailed focus on the development of the essential language skills required for any type of communication: speaking, listening, reading, vocabulary, grammar, and writing. Volume III preserves continuity with previous volumes in its coverage of all the classical areas of research in L2/FL teaching and learning and applied linguistics, but rather than offering a historical review of disciplinary traditions, it explores innovations and new directions of research, acknowledges the enormous complexity of teaching and learning the essential language abilities, and offers a diversity of perspectives. Chapter authors are all leading authorities in their disciplinary areas. What’s new in Volume III? Updates the prominent areas of research, including the sub-disciplines addressed in Volumes I and II, and represents the disciplinary mainstays Considers and discusses perspectives held by different schools of thought on the what, the how, and the why of teaching foundational language skills, including theories, pedagogical principles, and their implementation in practice Captures new and ongoing developments and trends in the key areas of L2/FL teaching and learning, and innovative research topics that have gained substantial recognition in current publications, including the role of corpora, technology, and digital literacy in L2/FL teaching and learning Examines new trends in language pedagogy and research, such as an increased societal emphasis on teaching academic language for schooling, somewhat contradictory definitions of literacy, and the growing needs for instruction in intercultural communication.

Das egoistische Gen

Mit einem Vorwort von Wolfgang Wickler


Author: Richard Dawkins

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3642553915

Category: Science

Page: 489

View: 1682

p”Ein auch heute noch bedeutsamer Klassiker“ Daily Express Sind wir Marionetten unserer Gene? Nach Richard Dawkins ́ vor über 30 Jahren entworfener und heute noch immer provozierender These steuern und dirigieren unsere von Generation zu Generation weitergegebenen Gene uns, um sich selbst zu erhalten. Alle biologischen Organismen dienen somit vor allem dem Überleben und der Unsterblichkeit der Erbanlagen und sind letztlich nur die "Einweg-Behälter" der "egoistischen" Gene. Sind wir Menschen also unserem Gen-Schicksal hilflos ausgeliefert? Dawkins bestreitet dies und macht uns Hoffnung: Seiner Meinung nach sind wir nämlich die einzige Spezies mit der Chance, gegen ihr genetisches Schicksal anzukämpfen.

PCs für Dummies


Author: Dan Gookin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9783527703982

Category: Computers

Page: 397

View: 1425

"PCs für Dummies" ist das richtige Buch für jeden Computeranfänger und für alle, die im Umgang mit dem PC noch unsicher sind. Es erklärt sämtliche Grundfunktionen eines PCs, seiner Basisprogramme und des Internets führt in die Grundlagen von Windows XP ein.

Earth Science

Books a La Carte Edition


Author: Edward J. Tarbuck,Frederick K. Lutgens,Dennis Tasa

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780321714848

Category: Science

Page: 768

View: 8074

Ideal for undergraduates with little or no science background, Earth Science is a student-friendly overview of our physical environment that offers balanced, up-to-date coverage of geology, oceanography, astronomy, and meteorology. The authors focus on readability, with clear, example-driven explanations of concepts and events. The Thirteenth Edition incorporates a new active learning approach and a fully updated visual program. This edition features the exact same content as the traditional text in a convenient, three-hole- punched, loose-leaf version. Books à la Carte also offer a great value--this format costs significantly less than a new textbook.

Physische Geographie


Author: Tom L. McKnight,Darrel Hess

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783827373366


Page: 861

View: 2521

Guinness World Records 2019

Deutschsprachige Ausgabe


Author: Guinness World Records Ltd.

Publisher: Ravensburger Buchverlag Otto Maier GmbH

ISBN: 3473554650

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 256

View: 6987

· Die Nummer 1 in Sachen Rekorde!!! · Brandneue atemberaubende Höchstleistungen · Faszinierende Fotos und Infografiken Der Rekordhalter unter den Rekordbüchern ist zurück, vollgepackt mit herausragenden Leistungen, verrückten Einfällen, kühnen Stunts, faszinierenden Menschen, tollen Tieren sowie spannenden Fakten aus Wissenschaft und Gesellschaft. Entdecke Tausende neuer Bestleistungen aus einer Vielzahl von Themengebieten, wie der Erforschung des Weltalls, Sport, Instagram und Fidget Spinner bis hin zu virtuellen Realitäten und vielem mehr. Hunderte bislang unveröffentlichte Fotos sowie geniale Infografiken illustrieren die atemberaubende Welt der Rekorde und Rekordhalter.

Theory of the Earth: With Proofs and Illustrations;


Author: Archibald Geikie,James Hutton

Publisher: Wentworth Press

ISBN: 9780270254785

Category: Religion

Page: 316

View: 9782

This work has been selected by scholars as being culturally important, and is part of the knowledge base of civilization as we know it. This work was reproduced from the original artifact, and remains as true to the original work as possible. Therefore, you will see the original copyright references, library stamps (as most of these works have been housed in our most important libraries around the world), and other notations in the work. This work is in the public domain in the United States of America, and possibly other nations. Within the United States, you may freely copy and distribute this work, as no entity (individual or corporate) has a copyright on the body of the work. As a reproduction of a historical artifact, this work may contain missing or blurred pages, poor pictures, errant marks, etc. Scholars believe, and we concur, that this work is important enough to be preserved, reproduced, and made generally available to the public. We appreciate your support of the preservation process, and thank you for being an important part of keeping this knowledge alive and relevant.

An Introduction to Physical Science


Author: James Shipman,Jerry D. Wilson,Charles A. Higgins

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133104096

Category: Science

Page: 792

View: 2580

Consistent with previous editions of An Introduction to Physical Science, the goal of the new Thirteenth edition is to stimulate students' interest in and gain knowledge of the physical sciences. Presenting content in such a way that students develop the critical reasoning and problem-solving skills that are needed in an ever-changing technological world, the authors emphasize fundamental concepts as they progress through the five divisions of physical sciences: physics, chemistry, astronomy, meteorology, and geology. Ideal for a non-science majors course, topics are treated both descriptively and quantitatively, providing instructors the flexibility to emphasize an approach that works best for their students. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Entwicklungspsychologie im Kindes- und Jugendalter


Author: Robert Siegler,Nancy Eisenberg,Judy DeLoache,Jenny Saffran

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662470284

Category: Psychology

Page: 688

View: 6727

Wer dieses Standardwerk liest, erhält einen umfassenden Überblick über einschlägige Theorien, moderne Forschungsmethoden und neueste Erkenntnisse zur Kindes- und Jugendentwicklung. Die einfache, klare Sprache sowie zahlreiche Illustrationen und Fallbeispiele machen die Lektüre des Lehrbuchs für Studierende der Entwicklungspsychologie zum echten Vergnügen. Tabellen, Schaubilder, Zusammenfassungen und Praxisbeispiele helfen dabei, den Stoff zu verstehen, zu strukturieren und zu verinnerlichen. Die Inhalte des Werkes gehen dabei teilweise deutlich über den klassischen Lehrstoff für Bachelor-Prüfungen hinaus und vermitteln ein vertieftes Verständnis dafür, wie die Entwicklung in unterschiedlichen Bereichen zusammenhängt, von welchen sozialen und gesellschaftlichen Rahmenbedingungen sie abhängt und wie die Entstehung von Problemen verhindert werden kann. Die Auseinandersetzung mit dieser Lektüre lohnt sich daher nicht nur für die Prüfungsvorbereitung im Bachelor- und Masterstudium. Auch wenn Sie bereits beruflich oder privat mit Kindern und Jugendlichen zu tun haben, wird Ihnen das Buch als wertvolles Nachschlagewerk dienen und immer wieder Lust machen, sich mit den Inhalten auseinanderzusetzen.

Das Spiel der Götter (1)

Die Gärten des Mondes


Author: Steven Erikson

Publisher: Blanvalet Taschenbuch Verlag

ISBN: 3641089778

Category: Fiction

Page: 800

View: 9900

Das malazanische Imperium ist ein Moloch, der sich mit Hilfe seiner Magier und Soldaten unerbittlich ausbreitet. Jetzt soll die letzte freie Stadt fallen. Doch eine ominöse Macht verweigert den Truppen der Kaiserin den letzten Sieg: Über Darujhistan schwebt aus heiterem Himmel eine riesige Festung und versetzt alle Welt in helle Aufregung ...

Environmental Science


Author: William P Cunningham, Prof.,Mary Ann Cunningham, Professor

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 9781260153125

Category: Science

Page: 640

View: 3265

Environmental Science: A Global Concern is a comprehensive presentation of environmental science for non-science majors which emphasizes critical thinking, environmental responsibility, and global awareness. This book is intended for use in a one or two-semester course in environmental science, human ecology, or environmental studies at the college or advanced placement high school level. As practicing scientists and educators, the Cunningham author team brings decades of experience in the classroom, in the practice of science, and in civic engagement. This experience helps give students a clear sense of what environmental science is and why it matters in this exciting, new 13th edition. Environmental Science: A Global Concern provides readers with an up-to-date, introductory global view of essential themes in environmental science. The authors balance evidence of serious environmental challenges with ideas about what we can do to overcome them. An entire chapter focuses on ecological restoration; one of the most important aspects of ecology today. Case studies in most chapters show examples of real progress, and “What Can You Do?” lists give students ideas for contributing to solutions.

Chemistry the Central Science, 13th Ed, Pearson Education, 2015

Chemistry the Central Science


Author: Brown-LeMay-Bursten-Murphy-Woodward-Stoltzfus

Publisher: Bukupedia


Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 1246

View: 6306

To the Instructor Philosophy We authors of Chemistry: The Central Science are delighted and honored that you have chosen us as your instructional partners for your general chemistry class. We have all been active researchers who appreciate both the learning and the discovery aspects of the chemical sciences. We have also all taught general chemistry many times. Our varied, wide-ranging experiences have formed the basis of the close collaborations we have enjoyed as coauthors. In writing our book, our focus is on the students: we try to ensure that the text is not only accurate and up-to-date but also clear and readable. We strive to convey the breadth of chemistry and the excitement that scientists experience in making new discoveries that contribute to our understanding of the physical world. We want the student to appreciate that chemistry is not a body of specialized knowledge that is separate from most aspects of modern life, but central to any attempt to address a host of societal concerns, including renewable energy, environmental sustainability, and improved human health. Publishing the thirteenth edition of this text bespeaks an exceptionally long record of successful textbook writing. We are appreciative of the loyalty and support the book has received over the years, and mindful of our obligation to justify each new edition. We begin our approach to each new edition with an intensive author retreat, in which we ask ourselves the deep questions that we must answer before we can move forward. What justifies yet another edition? What is changing in the world not only of chemistry, but with respect to science education and the qualities of the students we serve? The answer lies only partly in the changing face of chemistry itself. The introduction of many new technologies has changed the landscape in the teaching of sciences at all levels. The use of the Internet in accessing information and presenting learning materials has markedly changed the role of the textbook as one element among many tools for student learning. Our challenge as authors is to maintain the text as the primary source of chemical knowledge and practice, while at the same time integrating it with the new avenues for learning made possible by technology and the Internet. This edition incorporates links to a number of those new methodologies, including use of the Internet, computer-based classroom tools, such as Learning Catalytics™, a cloud-based active learning analytics and assessment system, and web-based tools, particularly MasteringChemistry®, which is continually evolving to provide more effective means of testing and evaluating student performance, while giving the student immediate and helpful feedback. In past versions, MasteringChemistry® provided feedback only on a question level. Now with Knewtonenhanced adaptive follow-up assignments, and Dynamic Study Modules, MasteringChemistry® continually adapts to each student, offering a personalized learning experience. As authors, we want this text to be a central, indispensable learning tool for students. Whether as a physical book or in electronic form, it can be carried everywhere and used at any time. It is the one place students can go to obtain the information outside of the classroom needed for learning, skill development, reference, and test preparation. The text, more effectively than any other instrument, provides the depth of coverage and coherent background in modern chemistry that students need to serve their professional interests and, as appropriate, to prepare for more advanced chemistry courses. If the text is to be effective in supporting your role as instructor, it must be addressed to the students. We have done our best to keep our writing clear and interesting and the book attractive and well illustrated. The book has numerous in-text study aids for students, including carefully placed descriptions of problem-solving strategies. We hope that our cumulative experiences as teachers is evident in our pacing, choice of examples, and the kinds of study aids and motivational tools we have employed. We believe students are more enthusiastic about learning chemistry when they see its importance relative to their own goals and interests; therefore, we have highlighted many important applications of chemistry in everyday life. We hope you make use of this material. It is our philosophy, as authors, that the text and all the supplementary materials provided to support its use must work in concert with you, the instructor. A textbook is only as useful to students as the instructor permits it to be. This book is replete with features that can help students learn and that can guide them as they acquire both conceptual understanding and problem- solving skills. There is a great deal here for the students to use, too much for all of it to be absorbed by any one student. You will be the guide to the best use of the book. Only with your active help will the students be able to utilize most effectively all that the text and its supplements offer. Students care about grades, of course, and with encouragement they will also become interested in the subject matter and care about learning. Please consider emphasizing features of the book that can enhance student appreciation of chemistry, such as the Chemistry Put to Work and Chemistry and Life boxes that show how chemistry impacts modern life and its relationship to health and life processes. Learn to use, and urge students to use, the rich online resources available. Emphasize conceptual understanding and place less emphasis on simple manipulative, algorithmic problem solving. What Is New in This Edition? A great many changes have been made in producing this thirteenth edition. We have continued to improve upon the art program, and new features connected with the art have been introduced. Many figures in the book have undergone modification, and dozens of new figures have been introduced A systematic effort has been made to place explanatory labels directly into figures to guide the student. New designs have been employed to more closely integrate photographic materials into figures that convey chemical principles. We have continued to explore means for more clearly and directly addressing the issue of concept learning. It is well established that conceptual misunderstandings, which impede student learning in many areas, are difficult to correct. We have looked for ways to identify and correct misconceptions via the worked examples in the book, and in the accompanying practice exercises. Among the more important changes made in the new edition, with this in mind, are: • A major new feature of this edition is the addition of a second Practice Exercise to accompany each Sample Exercise within the chapters. The majority of new Practice Exercises are of the multiple-choice variety, which enable feedback via MasteringChemistry®. The correct answers to select Practice Exercises are given in an appendix, and guidance for correcting wrong answers is provided in MasteringChemistry ®. The new Practice Exercise feature adds to the aids provided to students for mastering the concepts advanced in the text and rectifying conceptual misunderstandings. The enlarged practice exercise materials also further cement the relationship of the text to the online learning materials. At the same time, they offer a new supportive learning experience for all students, regardless of whether the MasteringChemistry® program is used. • A second major innovation in this edition is the Design An Experiment feature, which appears as a final exercise in all chapters beginning with Chapter 3, as well as in MasteringChemistry®. The Design an Experiment exercise is a departure from the usual kinds of end-of-chapter exercises in that it is inquiry based, open ended, and tries to stimulate the student to “think like a scientist.” Each exercise presents the student with a scenario in which various unknowns require investigation. The student is called upon to ponder how experiments might be set up to provide answers to particular questions about a system, and/ or test plausible hypotheses that might account for a set of observations. The aim of the Design an Experiment exercises is to foster critical thinking. We hope that they will be effective in active learning environments, which include classroom-based work and discussions, but they are also suitable for individual student work. There is no one right way to solve these exercises, but we authors offer some ideas in an online Instructor’s Resource Manual, which will include results from class testing and analysis of student responses. • The Go Figure exercises introduced in the twelfth edition proved to be a popular innovation, and we have expanded on its use. This feature poses a question that students can answer by examining the figure. These questions encourage students to actually study the figure and understand its primary message. Answers to the Go Figure questions are provided in the back of the text. • The popular Give It Some Thought (GIST) questions embedded in the text have been expanded by improvements in some of the existing questions and addition of new ones. The answers to all the GIST items are provided in the back of the text. • New end-of-chapter exercises have been added, and many of those carried over from the twelfth edition have been significantly revised. Analysis of student responses to the twelfth edition questions in MasteringChemistry® helped us identify and revise or create new questions, prompting improvements and eliminations of some questions. Additionally, analysis of usage of MasteringChemistry® has enhanced our understanding of the ways in which instructors and students have used the end-of-chapter and MasteringChemistry® materials. This, in turn, has led to additional improvements to the content within the text and in the MasteringChemistry® item library. At the end of each chapter, we list the Learning Outcomes that students should be able to perform after studying each section. End-of-chapter exercises, both in the text and in MasteringChemistry ® offer ample opportunities for students to assess mastery of learning outcomes. We trust the Learning Outcomes will help you organize your lectures and tests as the course proceeds. Organization and Contents The first five chapters give a largely macroscopic, phenomenological view of chemistry. The basic concepts introduced—such as nomenclature, stoichiometry, and thermochemistry—provide necessary background for many of the laboratory experiments usually performed in general chemistry. We believe that an early introduction to thermochemistry is desirable because so much of our understanding of chemical processes is based on considerations of energy changes. Thermochemistry is also important when we come to a discussion of bond enthalpies. We believe we have produced an effective, balanced approach to teaching thermodynamics in general chemistry, as well as providing students with an introduction to some of the global issues involving energy production and consumption. It is no easy matter to walk the narrow pathway between—on the one hand—trying to teach too much at too high a level and—on the other hand—resorting to oversimplifications. As with the book as a whole, the emphasis has been on imparting conceptual understanding, as opposed to presenting equations into which students are supposed to plug numbers. The next four chapters (Chapters 6–9) deal with electronic structure and bonding. We have largely retained our presentation of atomic orbitals. For more advanced students, Closer Look boxes in Chapters 6 and 9 highlight radial probability functions and the phases of orbitals. Our approach of placing this latter discussion in a Closer Look box in Chapter 9 enables those who wish to cover this topic to do so, while others may wish to bypass it. In treating this topic and others in Chapters 7 and 9, we have materially enhanced the accompanying figures to more effectively bring home their central messages. In Chapters 10–13, the focus of the text changes to the next level of the organization of matter: examining the states of matter. Chapters 10 and 11 deal with gases, liquids, and intermolecular forces, as in earlier editions. Chapter 12 is devoted to solids, presenting an enlarged and more contemporary view of the solid state as well as of modern materials. The chapter provides an opportunity to show how abstract chemical bonding concepts impact real-world applications. The modular organization of the chapter allows you to tailor your coverage to focus on materials (semiconductors, polymers, nanomaterials, and so forth) that are most relevant to your students and your own interests. Chapter 13 treats the formation and properties of solutions in much the same manner as the previous edition. The next several chapters examine the factors that determine the speed and extent of chemical reactions: kinetics (Chapter 14), equilibria (Chapters 15–17), thermodynamics (Chapter 19), and electrochemistry (Chapter 20). Also in this section is a chapter on environmental chemistry (Chapter 18), in which the concepts developed in preceding chapters are applied to a discussion of the atmosphere and hydrosphere. This chapter has increasingly come to be focused on green chemistry and the impacts of human activities on Earth’s water and atmosphere. After a discussion of nuclear chemistry (Chapter 21), the book ends with three survey chapters. Chapter 22 deals with nonmetals, Chapter 23 with the chemistry of transition metals, including coordination compounds, and Chapter 24 with the chemistry of organic compounds and elementary biochemical themes. These final four chapters are developed in a parallel fashion and can be covered in any order. Our chapter sequence provides a fairly standard organization, but we recognize that not everyone teaches all the topics in the order we have chosen. We have therefore made sure that instructors can make common changes in teaching sequence with no loss in student comprehension. In particular, many instructors prefer to introduce gases (Chapter 10) after stoichiometry (Chapter 3) rather than with states of matter. The chapter on gases has been written to permit this change with no disruption in the flow of material. It is also possible to treat balancing redox equations (Sections 20.1 and 20.2) earlier, after the introduction of redox reactions in Section 4.4. Finally, some instructors like to cover organic chemistry (Chapter 24) right after bonding (Chapters 8 and 9). This, too, is a largely seamless move. We have brought students into greater contact with descriptive organic and inorganic chemistry by integrating examples throughout the text. You will find pertinent and relevant examples of “real” chemistry woven into all the chapters to illustrate principles and applications. Some chapters, of course, more directly address the “descriptive” properties of elements and their compounds, especially Chapters 4, 7, 11, 18, and 22–24. We also incorporate descriptive organic and inorganic chemistry in the end-of-chapter exercises. Changes in This Edition The What is New in This Edition section on pp. xx–xxi details changes made throughout the new edition. Beyond a mere listing, however, it is worth dwelling on the general goals we set forth in formulating this new edition. Chemistry: The Central Science has traditionally been valued for its clarity of writing, its scientific accuracy and currency, its strong end-of-chapter exercises, and its consistency in level of coverage. In making changes, we have made sure not to compromise these characteristics, and we have also continued to employ an open, clean design in the layout of the book. The art program for this thirteenth edition has continued the trajectory set in the twelfth edition: to make greater and more effective use of the figures as learning tools, by drawing the reader more directly into the figure. The art itself has continued to evolve, with modifications of many figures and additions or replacements that teach more effectively. The Go Figure feature has been expanded greatly to include a larger number of figures. In the same vein, we have added to the Give it Some Thought feature, which stimulates more thoughtful reading of the text and fosters critical thinking. We provide a valuable overview of each chapter under the What’s Ahead banner. Concept links ( ) continue to provide easy-to-see cross-references to pertinent material covered earlier in the text. The essays titled Strategies in Chemistry, which provide advice to students on problem solving and “thinking like a chemist,” continue to be an important feature. For example, the new Strategies in Chemistry essay at the end of Chapter 3 introduces the new Design an Experiment feature and provides a worked out example as guidance. We have continued to emphasize conceptual exercises in the end-of-chapter exercise materials. The well-received Visualizing Concepts exercise category has been continued in this edition. These exercises are designed to facilitate concept understanding through use of models, graphs, and other visual materials. They precede the regular end-of-chapter exercises and are identified in each case with the relevant chapter section number. A generous selection of Integrative Exercises, which give students the opportunity to solve problems that integrate concepts from the present chapter with those of previous chapters, is included at the end of each chapter. The importance of integrative problem solving is highlighted by the Sample Integrative Exercise, which ends each chapter beginning with Chapter 4. In general, we have included more conceptual endof- chapter exercises and have made sure that there is a good representation of somewhat more difficult exercises to provide a better mix in terms of topic and level of difficulty. Many of the exercises have been restructured to facilitate their use in MasteringChemistry ®. We have made extensive use of the metadata from student use of MasteringChemistry® to analyze end-ofchapter exercises and make appropriate changes, as well as to develop Learning Outcomes for each chapter. New essays in our well-received Chemistry Put to Work and Chemistry and Life series emphasize world events, scientific discoveries, and medical breakthroughs that bear on topics developed in each chapter. We maintain our focus on the positive aspects of chemistry without neglecting the problems that can arise in an increasingly technological world. Our goal is to help students appreciate the real-world perspective of chemistry and the ways in which chemistry affects their lives. It is perhaps a natural tendency for chemistry textbooks to grow in length with succeeding editions, but it is one that we have resisted. There are, nonetheless, many new items in this edition, mostly ones that replace other material considered less pertinent. Here is a list of several significant changes in content: In Chapter 1, the Closer Look box on the scientific method has been rewritten. The Chemistry Put to Work box, dealing with Chemistry in the News, has been completely rewritten, with items that describe diverse ways in which chemistry intersects with the affairs of modern society. The Chapter Summary and Learning Outcomes sections at the end of the chapter have been rewritten for ease of use by both instructor and student, in this and all chapters in the text. Similarly, the exercises have been thoroughly vetted, modified where this was called for and replaced or added to, here and in all succeeding chapters. In Chapter 3, graphic elements highlighting the correct approach to problem solving have been added to Sample Exercises on calculating an empirical formula from mass percent of the elements present, combustion analysis, and calculating a theoretical yield. Chapter 5 now presents a more explicit discussion of combined units of measurement, an improved introduction to enthalpy, and more consistent use of color in art. Changes in Chapter 6 include a significant revision of the discussion of the energy levels of the hydrogen atom, including greater clarity on absorption versus emission processes. There is also a new Closer Look box on Thought Experiments and Schrödinger’s Cat, which gives students a brief glimpse of some of the philosophical issues in quantum mechanics and also connects to the 2012 Nobel Prize in Physics. In Chapter 7, the emphasis on conceptual thinking was enhanced in several ways: the section on effective nuclear charge was significantly revised to include a classroom-tested analogy, the number of Go Figure features was increased substantially, and new end-of-chapter exercises emphasize critical thinking and understanding concepts. In addition, the Chemistry Put to Work box on lithium-ion batteries was updated and revised to include discussion of current issues in using these batteries. Finally, the values of ionic radii were revised to be consistent with a recent research study of the best values for these radii. In Chapter 9, which is one of the most challenging for students, we continue to refine our presentation based on our classroom experience. Twelve new Go Figure exercises will stimulate more student thought in a chapter with a large amount of graphic material. The discussion of molecular geometry was made more conceptually oriented. The section on delocalized bonding was completely revised to provide what we believe will be a better introduction that students will find useful in organic chemistry. The Closer Look box on phases in orbitals was revamped with improved artwork. We also increased the number of end-of-chapter exercises, especially in the area of molecular orbital theory. The Design an Experiment feature in this chapter gives the students the opportunity to explore color and conjugated π systems. Chapter 10 contains a new Sample Exercise that walks the student through the calculations that are needed to understand Torricelli’s barometer. Chapter 11 includes an improved definition of hydrogen bonding and updated data for the strengths of intermolecular attractions. Chapter 12 includes the latest updates to materials chemistry, including plastic electronics. New material on the diffusion and mean free path of colloids in solution is added to Chapter 13, making a connection to the diffusion of gas molecules from Chapter 10. In Chapter 14, ten new Go Figure exercises have been added to reinforce many of the concepts presented as figures and graphs in the chapter. The Design an Experiment exercise in the chapter connects strongly to the Closer Look box on Beer’s Law, which is often the basis for spectrometric kinetics experiments performed in the general chemistry laboratory. The presentation in Chapter 16 was made more closely tied to that in Chapter 15, especially through the use of more initial/ change/equilibrium (ICE) charts. The number of conceptual end-of-chapter exercises, including Visualizing Concepts features, was increased significantly. Chapter 17 offers improved clarity on how to make buffers, and when the Henderson–Hasselbalch equation may not be accurate. Chapter 18 has been extensively updated to reflect changes in this rapidly evolving area of chemistry. Two Closer Look boxes have been added; one dealing with the shrinking level of water in the Ogallala aquifer and a second with the potential environmental consequences of hydraulic fracking. In Chapter 20, the description of Li-ion batteries has been significantly expanded to reflect the growing importance of these batteries, and a new Chemistry Put to Work box on batteries for hybrid and electric vehicles has been added. Chapter 21 was updated to reflect some of the current issues in nuclear chemistry and more commonly used nomenclature for forms of radiation are now used. Chapter 22 includes an improved discussion of silicates. In Chapter 23, the section on crystal-field theory (Section 23.6) has undergone considerable revision. The description of how the d-orbital energies of a metal ion split in a tetrahedral crystal field has been expanded to put it on par with our treatment of the octahedral geometry, and a new Sample Exercise that effectively integrates the links between color, magnetism, and the spectrochemical series has been added. Chapter 24’s coverage of organic chemistry and biochemistry now includes oxidation–reduction reactions that organic chemists find most relevant. To the Student Chemistry: The Central Science, Thirteenth Edition, has been written to introduce you to modern chemistry. As authors, we have, in effect, been engaged by your instructor to help you learn chemistry. Based on the comments of students and instructors who have used this book in its previous editions, we believe that we have done that job well. Of course, we expect the text to continue to evolve through future editions. We invite you to write to tell us what you like about the book so that we will know where we have helped you most. Also, we would like to learn of any shortcomings so that we might further improve the book in subsequent editions. Our addresses are given at the end of the Preface. Advice for Learning and Studying Chemistry Learning chemistry requires both the assimilation of many concepts and the development of analytical skills. In this text, we have provided you with numerous tools to help you succeed in both tasks. If you are going to succeed in your chemistry course, you will have to develop good study habits. Science courses, and chemistry in particular, make different demands on your learning skills than do other types of courses. We offer the following tips for success in your study of chemistry: Don’t fall behind! As the course moves along, new topics will build on material already presented. If you don’t keep up in your reading and problem solving, you will find it much harder to follow the lectures and discussions on current topics. Experienced teachers know that students who read the relevant sections of the text before coming to a class learn more from the class and retain greater recall. “Cramming” just before an exam has been shown to be an ineffective way to study any subject, chemistry included. So now you know. How important to you, in this competitive world, is a good grade in chemistry? Focus your study. The amount of information you will be expected to learn can sometimes seem overwhelming. It is essential to recognize those concepts and skills that are particularly important. Pay attention to what your instructor is emphasizing. As you work through the Sample Exercises and homework assignments, try to see what general principles and skills they employ. Use the What’s Ahead feature at the beginning of each chapter to help orient yourself to what is important in each chapter. A single reading of a chapter will simply not be enough for successful learning of chapter concepts and problem- solving skills. You will need to go over assigned materials more than once. Don’t skip the Give It Some Thought and Go Figure features, Sample Exercises, and Practice Exercises. They are your guides to whether you are learning the material. They are also good preparation for test-taking. The Learning Outcomes and Key Equations at the end of the chapter should help you focus your study. Keep good lecture notes. Your lecture notes will provide you with a clear and concise record of what your instructor regards as the most important material to learn. Using your lecture notes in conjunction with this text is the best way to determine which material to study. Skim topics in the text before they are covered in lecture. Reviewing a topic before lecture will make it easier for you to take good notes. First read the What’s Ahead points and the end-of-chapter Summary; then quickly read through the chapter, skipping Sample Exercises and supplemental sections. Paying attention to the titles of sections and subsections gives you a feeling for the scope of topics. Try to avoid thinking that you must learn and understand everything right away. You need to do a certain amount of preparation before lecture. More than ever, instructors are using the lecture period not simply as a one-way channel of communication from teacher to student. Rather, they expect students to come to class ready to work on problem solving and critical thinking. Coming to class unprepared is not a good idea for any lecture environment, but it certainly is not an option for an active learning classroom if you aim to do well in the course. After lecture, carefully read the topics covered in class. As you read, pay attention to the concepts presented and to the application of these concepts in the Sample Exercises. Once you think you understand a Sample Exercise, test your understanding by working the accompanying Practice Exercise. Learn the language of chemistry. As you study chemistry, you will encounter many new words. It is important to pay attention to these words and to know their meanings or the entities to which they refer. Knowing how to identify chemical substances from their names is an important skill; it can help you avoid painful mistakes on examinations. For example, “chlorine” and “chloride” refer to very different things. Attempt the assigned end-of-chapter exercises. Working the exercises selected by your instructor provides necessary practice in recalling and using the essential ideas of the chapter. You cannot learn merely by observing; you must be a participant. In particular, try to resist checking the Student Solutions Manual (if you have one) until you have made a sincere effort to solve the exercise yourself. If you get stuck on an exercise, however, get help from your instructor, your teaching assistant, or another student. Spending more than 20 minutes on a single exercise is rarely effective unless you know that it is particularly challenging. Learn to think like a scientist. This book is written by scientists who love chemistry. We encourage you to develop your critical thinking skills by taking advantage of new features in this edition, such as exercises that focus on conceptual learning, and the Design an Experiment exercises. Use online resources. Some things are more easily learned by discovery, and others are best shown in three dimensions. If your instructor has included MasteringChemistry® with your book, take advantage of the unique tools it provides to get the most out of your time in chemistry. The bottom line is to work hard, study effectively, and use the tools available to you, including this textbook. We want to help you learn more about the world of chemistry and why chemistry is the central science. If you really learn chemistry, you can be the life of the party, impress your friends and parents, and … well, also pass the course with a good grade The production of a textbook is a team effort requiring the involvement of many people besides the authors who contributed hard work and talent to bring this edition to life. Although their names don’t appear on the cover of the book, their creativity, time, and support have been instrumental in all stages of its development and production. Each of us has benefited greatly from discussions with colleagues and from correspondence with instructors and students both here and abroad. Colleagues have also helped immensely by reviewing our materials, sharing their insights, and providing suggestions for improvements. On this edition, we were particularly blessed with an exceptional group of accuracy checkers who read through our materials looking for both technical inaccuracies and typographical errors

Manisch-depressiv für Dummies


Author: Candida Fink,Joe Kraynak

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 3527658149

Category: Psychology

Page: 364

View: 3041

Himmelhochjauchzend und zu Tode betr?bt - manisch-depressive Stimmungsschwankungen kennen viele. Aber wie kann man sie ertragen oder besser noch lindern? Die Psychiaterin Candida Fink erkl?rt, was im Gehirn passiert, wie man den richtigen Arzt findet und welche Therapien und Medikamente heute angewandt werden. Betroffenen und Angeh?rigen gibt sie Tipps zur Selbsthilfe, die die Symptome lindern k?nnen, Krisenzeiten ?berstehen lassen und sie f?r manische oder depressive Episoden wappnen. ?bungen, Checklisten und Stimmungsbarometer machen auch kleine Fortschritte gleich ersichtlich und helfen, den Alltag in Familie und Beruf trotz aller Stimmungsschwankungen zu meistern.

Der Ungehorsam als ein psychologisches und ethisches Problem

Disobedience as a Psychological and Moral Problem


Author: Erich Fromm

Publisher: Open Publishing Rights GmbH

ISBN: 395912077X

Category: Psychology

Page: N.A

View: 4485

In "Der Ungehorsam als ein psychologisches und ethisches Problem" stellt Fromm die Fähigkeit und Notwendigkeit zum Ungehorsam systematisch dar. Er verbindet dabei die Fähigkeit zum Ungehorsam mit seiner Lehre vom humanistischen Gewissen. Dieses legitimiert den Ungehorsam und stellt eine Gegenkraft zur autoritären Charakterorientierung dar, für die Gehorsam eine Haupttugend ist. Fromms Plädoyer für den Ungehorsam richtet sich aber nicht nur gegen alle Formen des Autoritarismus. Es geht darum, auch gegen das, was als gesunder Menschenverstand und als „völlig normal“ gilt, ungehorsam zu sein und als common non-sense und eine „Pathologie der Normalität“ anzusehen. Heute werden beispielweise die Selbstregulation des Marktes, der Wettbewerb, die Gewinnmaximierung, das endlose Wachstumsstreben oder technische Lösungen bei menschlichen Problemen als „völlig normal“ angesehen. Diesem common non-sense gegenüber gilt es ungehorsam zu sein, um den Menschen und das individuelle und soziale Wohl-Sein wieder zum Maßstab des wirtschaftlichen, politischen und gesellschaftlichen Handelns zu machen.