Disease Maps

Epidemics on the Ground

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Author: Tom Koch

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226449351

Category: History

Page: 330

View: 7148

In the seventeenth century, a map of the plague suggested a radical idea—that the disease was carried and spread by humans. In the nineteenth century, maps of cholera cases were used to prove its waterborne nature. More recently, maps charting the swine flu pandemic caused worldwide panic and sent shockwaves through the medical community. In Disease Maps, Tom Koch contends that to understand epidemics and their history we need to think about maps of varying scale, from the individual body to shared symptoms evidenced across cities, nations, and the world. Disease Maps begins with a brief review of epidemic mapping today and a detailed example of its power. Koch then traces the early history of medical cartography, including pandemics such as European plague and yellow fever, and the advancements in anatomy, printing, and world atlases that paved the way for their mapping. Moving on to the scourge of the nineteenth century—cholera—Koch considers the many choleras argued into existence by the maps of the day, including a new perspective on John Snow’s science and legacy. Finally, Koch addresses contemporary outbreaks such as AIDS, cancer, and H1N1, and reaches into the future, toward the coming epidemics. Ultimately, Disease Maps redefines conventional medical history with new surgical precision, revealing that only in maps do patterns emerge that allow disease theories to be proposed, hypotheses tested, and treatments advanced.

Disease Mapping with WinBUGS and MLwiN

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Author: Andrew B. Lawson,William J. Browne,Carmen L. Vidal Rodeiro

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 047085605X

Category: Mathematics

Page: 292

View: 2490

Disease mapping involves the analysis of geo-referenced disease incidence data and has many applications, for example within resource allocation, cluster alarm analysis, and ecological studies. There is a real need amongst public health workers for simpler and more efficient tools for the analysis of geo-referenced disease incidence data. Bayesian and multilevel methods provide the required efficiency, and with the emergence of software packages – such as WinBUGS and MLwiN – are now easy to implement in practice. Provides an introduction to Bayesian and multilevel modelling in disease mapping. Adopts a practical approach, with many detailed worked examples. Includes introductory material on WinBUGS and MLwiN. Discusses three applications in detail – relative risk estimation, focused clustering, and ecological analysis. Suitable for public health workers and epidemiologists with a sound statistical knowledge. Supported by a Website featuring data sets and WinBUGS and MLwiN programs. Disease Mapping with WinBUGS and MLwiN provides a practical introduction to the use of software for disease mapping for researchers, practitioners and graduate students from statistics, public health and epidemiology who analyse disease incidence data.

Bayesian Disease Mapping

Hierarchical Modeling in Spatial Epidemiology, Third Edition

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Author: Andrew B. Lawson

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1351271741

Category: Mathematics

Page: 464

View: 9666

Since the publication of the second edition, many new Bayesian tools and methods have been developed for space-time data analysis, the predictive modeling of health outcomes, and other spatial biostatistical areas. Exploring these new developments, Bayesian Disease Mapping: Hierarchical Modeling in Spatial Epidemiology, Third Edition provides an up-to-date, cohesive account of the full range of Bayesian disease mapping methods and applications. In addition to the new material, the book also covers more conventional areas such as relative risk estimation, clustering, spatial survival analysis, and longitudinal analysis. After an introduction to Bayesian inference, computation, and model assessment, the text focuses on important themes, including disease map reconstruction, cluster detection, regression and ecological analysis, putative hazard modeling, analysis of multiple scales and multiple diseases, spatial survival and longitudinal studies, spatiotemporal methods, and map surveillance. It shows how Bayesian disease mapping can yield significant insights into georeferenced health data. The target audience for this text is public health specialists, epidemiologists, and biostatisticians who need to work with geo-referenced health data.

Spatial Epidemiological Approaches in Disease Mapping and Analysis

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Author: Poh-Chin Lai,Fun-Mun So,Ka-Wing Chan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9781420045536

Category: Medical

Page: 194

View: 1856

Containing method descriptions and step-by-step procedures, the Spatial Epidemiological Approaches in Disease Mapping and Analysis equips readers with skills to prepare health-related data in the proper format, process these data using relevant functions and software, and display the results as mapped or statistical summaries. Describing the wide range of available methods and key GIS concepts for spatial epidemiology, this book illustrates the utilities of the software using real-world data. Additional topics include geographic data models, address matching, geostatistical analysis, universal kriging, point pattern analysis, kernel density, spatio-temporal display, and disease surveillance.

Cartographies of Disease

Maps, Mapping, and Medicine

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Author: Tom Koch

Publisher: Esri Press

ISBN: 9781589481206

Category: Medical

Page: 389

View: 4793

Cartographies of Disease: Maps, Mapping, and Medicine, new expanded edition, is a comprehensive survey of the technology of mapping and its relationship to the battle against disease. This look at medical mapping advances the argument that maps are not merely representations of spatial realities but a way of thinking about relationships between viral and bacterial communities, human hosts, and the environments in which diseases flourish. Cartographies of Disease traces the history of medical mapping from its growth in the 19th century during an era of trade and immigration to its renaissance in the 1990s during a new era of globalization. Referencing maps older than John Snow's famous cholera maps of London in the mid-19th century, this survey pulls from the plague maps of the 1600s, while addressing current issues concerning the ability of GIS technology to track diseases worldwide. The original chapters have some minor updating, and two new chapters have been added. Chapter 13 attempts to understand how the hundreds of maps of Ebola revealed not simply disease incidence but the way in which the epidemic itself was perceived. Chapter 14 is about the spatiality of the disease and the means by which different cartographic approaches may affect how infectious outbreaks like ebola can be confronted and contained.

Mapping Disease Transmission Risk

Enriching Models Using Biogeography and Ecology

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Author: A. Townsend Peterson

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421414740

Category: Science

Page: 224

View: 5331

A. Townsend Peterson, one of the pioneers of ecological niche modeling, presents a synthesis that illuminates new and more effective infectious disease mapping methods. His work—the culmination of twelve years of refinement—breaks new ground by integrating biogeographic and ecological factors with spatial models. Aimed at seasoned epidemiologists and public health experts, this interdisciplinary book explains the conceptual and technical underpinnings of Peterson’s approach while simultaneously describing the potentially enormous benefits of his modeling method. Peterson treats disease transmission areas for what they are—distributions of species. The book argues that complex, fragmented, and highly irregular disease patterns can only be understood when underlying environmental drivers are considered. The result is an elegant modeling approach that challenges static spatial models and provides a framework for recasting disease mapping. Anyone working in the area of disease transmission, particularly those employing predictive maps, will find Peterson’s book both inspiring and indispensable. -- Lance A. Waller, Rollins School of Public Health, Emory University

Statistical Methods for Disease Clustering

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Author: Toshiro Tango

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441915729

Category: Mathematics

Page: 240

View: 6427

This book is intended to provide a text on statistical methods for detecting clus ters and/or clustering of health events that is of interest to ?nal year undergraduate and graduate level statistics, biostatistics, epidemiology, and geography students but will also be of relevance to public health practitioners, statisticians, biostatisticians, epidemiologists, medical geographers, human geographers, environmental scien tists, and ecologists. Prerequisites are introductory biostatistics and epidemiology courses. With increasing public health concerns about environmental risks, the need for sophisticated methods for analyzing spatial health events is immediate. Further more, the research area of statistical tests for disease clustering now attracts a wide audience due to the perceived need to implement wide ranging monitoring systems to detect possible health related bioterrorism activity. With this background and the development of the geographical information system (GIS), the analysis of disease clustering of health events has seen considerable development over the last decade. Therefore, several excellent books on spatial epidemiology and statistics have re cently been published. However, it seems to me that there is no other book solely focusing on statistical methods for disease clustering. I hope that readers will ?nd this book useful and interesting as an introduction to the subject.

Global Mapping of Infectious Diseases

Methods, Examples and Emerging Applications

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080471020

Category: Science

Page: 444

View: 6510

First published in 1963, Advances in Parasitology contains comprehensive and up-to-date reviews in all areas of interest in contemporary parasitology. This volume is an outline of global environmental and global population data including scripts for predicting disease distributions and evaluating the accuracy of these mapped products. Several application chapters discuss current research topics appropriately addressed at the global scale. Topics such as tick-borne disease and the mapping of geographic and phylogenetic space; implications of global ecozonation and transportation networks on pathogen flow; and the impacts of climate change on vector-borne diseases are covered in this latest volume. * Includes DVD of global environmental and global population data, including scripts for predicting disease distributions and evaluating the accuracy of these mapped products * Valuable source of both technical and epidemiological data in this rapidly growing field * Discusses practical applications of techniques to the study of parasitic and infectious diseases

Mapping the Cold War

Cartography and the Framing of America’s International Power

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Author: Timothy Barney

Publisher: UNC Press Books

ISBN: 1469618559

Category: History

Page: 338

View: 316

In this fascinating history of Cold War cartography, Timothy Barney considers maps as central to the articulation of ideological tensions between American national interests and international aspirations. Barney argues that the borders, scales, projections, and other conventions of maps prescribed and constrained the means by which foreign policy elites, popular audiences, and social activists navigated conflicts between North and South, East and West. Maps also influenced how identities were formed in a world both shrunk by advancing technologies and marked by expanding and shifting geopolitical alliances and fissures. Pointing to the necessity of how politics and values were "spatialized" in recent U.S. history, Barney argues that Cold War–era maps themselves had rhetorical lives that began with their conception and production and played out in their circulation within foreign policy circles and popular media. Reflecting on the ramifications of spatial power during the period, Mapping the Cold War ultimately demonstrates that even in the twenty-first century, American visions of the world--and the maps that account for them--are inescapably rooted in the anxieties of that earlier era.

Disease Mapping and Risk Assessment for Public Health

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Author: Andrew B. Lawson,Annibale Biggeri,Dankmar Böhning,Emmanuel Lesaffre,Jean-Fran Viel,Roberto Bertollini

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: 9780471986348

Category: Mathematics

Page: 502

View: 1646

Offers an in-depth report on advanced statistical tools for public health disease surveillance, which is the result of a prestigious World Health Organisation (WHO) and EU Biomed programme initiative. Traditionally, the role of public health disease surveillance has been to identify and evaluate morbidity and mortality but increasingly, more sophisticated methods are being applied as the authorities extend their studies to include control and prevention of disease. This book brings together leading experts to discuss complex methodologies for the statistical evaluation of disease mapping and risk assessment. It includes a broad variety of statistical techniques and where appropriate, examples are included on topical issues such as the analysis of putative health hazards. For easy reference the text is presented in five distinct sections, each with an introductory review: * Disease Mapping * Clustering of Disesase * Ecological Analysis * Risk Assessment for Putative Sources of Hazard * Public Health Applications and Case Studies Representative of the most pertinent issues within disease surveillance and mapping, this book will provide an accessible overview for statisticians and epidemiologists.

An Introductory Guide to Disease Mapping

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Author: Andrew B. Lawson,Fiona L. R. Williams

Publisher: Wiley

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 142

View: 9152

This superb introductory guide explains the basic principles underlying the construction and analysis of disease maps. Growing public awareness of environmental hazards has increased the demand for investigations into the geographical distribution of disease and as data resulting from studies is not always straightforward to interpret, there has been a need for an accessible, clearly written introduction to the subject. This book supplies the reader with an array of tools and skills so that maps may be produced and correctly interpreted, and also describes the role of disease mapping within epidemiology, highlighting its important role in studies of environmental health and environmental epidemiology. It provides: * An introduction to new developments in disease mapping * Comprehensive coverage of an active area of research and development * Numerous case studies to highlight the application of the techniques discussed This text will be invaluable to anyone with an interest in disease mapping, and is an essential volume for both the specialist and the non-specialist. It is of particular relevance to epidemiologists, medical statisticians, geographers, and public health advisors, as well as environmental health workers, occupational health physicians, and infectious disease specialists.

CDC Health Information for International Travel 2014

The Yellow Book

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Author: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 019994850X

Category: Medical

Page: 640

View: 9045

Health risks are real and ever-changing, especially while traveling abroad. To stay abreast of the most up-to-date health recommendations, experienced travelers and health care professionals have always relied on CDC's user-friendly Health Information for International Travel (commonly known as the The Yellow Book) as their one indispensable guide. Updated biennially by a team of almost two hundred experts-including both CDC staff and travel medicine experts--this book is the only publication that contains all of the official government recommendations for international travel. Clearly written and featuring full-color illustrations, the book provides easy-to-read disease risk maps, information on where to find health care during travel, advice for those traveling with infants and children, a comprehensive catalog of diseases, and detailed country-specific health warnings. For example, the section on the Caribbean lays out the recommended immunizations and examines specific health risks for travelers to the region, ranging from malaria to dengue, yellow fever, and traveler's diarrhea. But the book goes beyond the risk of disease to discuss dangers such as violent crime-fortunately, not a great danger to tourists in the area-and also to remind travelers that the single greatest cause of injury death among visitors are traffic accidents. The section on the Caribbean also notes hurricane season and outlines the risks involved in snorkeling, diving, and other water activities common to the area. Every facet of the previous edition has been revisited and revised where necessary, including country-by-country immunization suggestions and new drug information. For the primary care clinician, the specialized travel medicine clinician, or the avid or first-time international traveler, this book is an indispensable safety net, providing readers with everything they need to know to prevent or to seek treatment for illness abroad.

Medical Geography (Routledge Revivals)

Progress and Prospect

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Author: Michael Pacione

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134597339

Category: Social Science

Page: 338

View: 7729

Geographers have for a long time contributed much valuable detailed data on the geographical patterns of disease and health care delivery to the medical world. On its first publication in 1985, this edited collection addressed the need for a review of progress in the field of medical geography that could also shape further developments. Topics under discussion include national systems of health care, the utilisation of health services, medical planning and medical geography in the developing world. This is a comprehensive volume that is it still of great relevance to today’s students of medical geography, health care and demography.

MedMaps for Pathophysiology

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Author: Yasmeen Agosti

Publisher: Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

ISBN: 9780781777551

Category: Medical

Page: 259

View: 4010

"MedMaps for Pathophysiology contains 102 concept maps of disease processes and mechanisms. The book is organized by organ system and includes classic diseases such as hypertension, diabetes, and congestive heart failure, as well as complex diseases such as lupus and HIV. Each concept map is arranged to visually capture and clarify the relationships between various aspects of each disease, such as biochemical and genetic causes and responses."--PUBLISHER'S WEBSITE.

International Perspectives on Maps and the Internet

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Author: Michael P Peterson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540720294

Category: Science

Page: 441

View: 3215

The Internet has redefined how maps are used. No longer restricted to paper, maps are now transmitted almost instantly and delivered to the user in a fraction of the time required to distribute maps on paper. They are viewed in a more timely fashion. The Internet presents the map user with both a faster method of map distribution and different forms of mapping. This book provides an international perspective on this growing area of information dissemination.

Mind Maps for Medical Students

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Author: Olivia Antoinette Mary Smith

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482250322

Category: Medical

Page: 248

View: 670

This brand new revision aid has been designed specifically to help medical students memorize essential clinical facts, invaluable throughout medical studies and particularly useful in the pressured run-up to final exams. Over 100 maps are organized by body system, with a concluding section of miscellaneous examples.The book's format has been design

Mapping the Nation

History and Cartography in Nineteenth-Century America

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Author: Susan Schulten

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN: 0226740684

Category: History

Page: 246

View: 6065

All of these experiments involved the realization that maps were not just illustrations of data, but visual tools that were uniquely equipped to convey complex ideas and information. In Mapping the Nation, Susan Schulten charts how maps of epidemic disease, slavery, census statistics, the environment, and the past demonstrated the analytical potential of cartography, and in the process transformed the very meaning of a map.

Medical Geography

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Author: Melinda S. Meade,Michael Emch

Publisher: Guilford Press

ISBN: 1606230166

Category: Social Science

Page: 498

View: 4184

The leading text in the field, this book provides a comprehensive introduction to geographic approaches to studying disease and promoting health. It presents cutting-edge techniques of spatial and social analysis and explores their relevance for understanding cultural and political ecology, disease systems, and public health issues across the globe. Essential topics include how new diseases emerge and epidemics develop in particular places; the intersecting influences on health of biological processes, culture, environment, and behavior; and the changing landscape of health care planning and service delivery. The text is richly illustrated with tables, figures, and maps, including 16 color plates. New to This Edition: thoroughly updated in response to the challenges of globalization, development, and demographic changes incorporates the latest data and conceptual frameworks chapters on neighborhood analysis and the use of GIS in modeling health and disease GIS applications and examples are integrated throughout. This book will be important reading for students and instructors in geography, public health, epidemiology, international health policy and planning, medical sociology, and related fields. It will also serve as a primary text in advanced undergraduate- and graduate-level courses such as Medical Geography and Health Geography.

Advances in Clinical Chemistry

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Author: N.A

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128024658

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 7154

Volume 68 in the internationally acclaimed Advances in Clinical Chemistry contains chapters authored by world renowned clinical laboratory scientists, physicians and research scientists. The serial provides the latest and most up-to-date technologies related to the field of Clinical Chemistry and is the benchmark for novel analytical approaches in the clinical laboratory. Expertise of international contributors Latest cutting-edge technologies Comprehensive in scope

Cancer Mapping

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Author: Peter Boyle,Calum S. Muir,Ekkehard Grundmann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642836518

Category: Medical

Page: 277

View: 8026

The preceding decade has seen the production of many cancer at lases. As with other techniques of descriptive epidemiology, these atlases have proved valuable in identifying areas for further re sear~h employing the methods of analytical epidemiology. How ever, the various cancer atlases produceq to date have failed to pro vide a common format of presentation, which has limited their comparability and frustrated in a large measure any attempt to compare risks across national boundaries, boundaries which in terms of environmental exposures may have little meaning. In this volume, many features of cancer atlases are presented and there are discussions on the areas where moves towards standardization could greatly increase the utility of the finished product. In contrast to topographic maps, i. e., representations of natural and man-made features on the surface of the earth, thematic maps concentrate on displaying the geographical occurrence and varia tion of a single phenomenon - the "theme" of the map. The link between thematic and base mapping is rather strong as the themat ic information to be depicted is of greater value if displayed on an accurate base map. Further, the thematic map generally uses statis tical data which are frequently related to internal administrative boundaries for enumeration. The major reason for constructing a thematic map is to discover the spatial structure of the theme of the map and to then relate the structure to some aspects of the under lying environment.