Digital Apollo

Human and Machine in Spaceflight

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Author: David A. Mindell

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262266680

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

View: 8558

As Apollo 11's Lunar Module descended toward the moon under automatic control, a program alarm in the guidance computer's software nearly caused a mission abort. Neil Armstrong responded by switching off the automatic mode and taking direct control. He stopped monitoring the computer and began flying the spacecraft, relying on skill to land it and earning praise for a triumph of human over machine. In Digital Apollo, engineer-historian David Mindell takes this famous moment as a starting point for an exploration of the relationship between humans and computers in the Apollo program. In each of the six Apollo landings, the astronaut in command seized control from the computer and landed with his hand on the stick. Mindell recounts the story of astronauts' desire to control their spacecraft in parallel with the history of the Apollo Guidance Computer. From the early days of aviation through the birth of spaceflight, test pilots and astronauts sought to be more than "spam in a can" despite the automatic controls, digital computers, and software developed by engineers.Digital Apollo examines the design and execution of each of the six Apollo moon landings, drawing on transcripts and data telemetry from the flights, astronaut interviews, and NASA's extensive archives. Mindell's exploration of how human pilots and automated systems worked together to achieve the ultimate in flight -- a lunar landing -- traces and reframes the debate over the future of humans and automation in space. The results have implications for any venture in which human roles seem threatened by automated systems, whether it is the work at our desktops or the future of exploration.

Digital Apollo

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Author: William Jayden

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781547291793

Category:

Page: 364

View: 6302

As Apollo 11's Lunar Module descended toward the moon under automatic control, a program alarm in the guidance computer's software nearly caused a mission abort. Neil Armstrong responded by switching off the automatic mode and taking direct control. He stopped monitoring the computer and began flying the spacecraft, relying on skill to land it and earning praise for a triumph of human over machine

Die dunkle Prophezeiung

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Author: Rick Riordan

Publisher: Carlsen

ISBN: 3646929685

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 448

View: 2165

Apollo muss sich ja neuerdings als pickliger Junge Lester auf der Erde durchschlagen. Aber nun weiß er, was er tun muss, um seine Unsterblichkeit zurückzuerlangen: Er muss die alten Orakel, sein eigentliches Wirkungsfeld, wieder zum Leben erwecken. Mit dem Bronzedrachen Festus fliegt er quer durch die USA, um nach einem Höhlenorakel zu suchen. Doch seine Gegenspieler, der alte römische Kaiser Nero und seine zwei Mitstreiter, wollen ihn daran hindern und laufen zu ganz neuer Fiesheit auf ... Die Serie »Die Abenteuer des Apollo« ist auf 5 Bände angelegt. Bisher erschienen: Die Abenteuer des Apollo− Das verborgene Orakel (Band 1) Die Abenteuer des Apollo− Die dunkle Prophezeiung (Band 2) Die Abenteuer des Apollo− Das brennende Labyrinth (Band 3)

Inventing the American Astronaut

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Author: Matthew H. Hersch

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137025298

Category: Science

Page: 219

View: 4029

Who were the men who led America's first expeditions into space? Soldiers? Daredevils? The public sometimes imagined them that way: heroic military men and hot-shot pilots without the capacity for doubt, fear, or worry. However, early astronauts were hard-working and determined professionals - 'organization men' - who were calm, calculating, and highly attuned to the politics and celebrity of the Space Race. Many would have been at home in corporate America - and until the first rockets carried humans into space, some seemed to be headed there. Instead, they strapped themselves to missiles and blasted skyward, returning with a smile and an inspiring word for the press. From the early days of Project Mercury to the last moon landing, this lively history demystifies the American astronaut while revealing the warring personalities, raw ambition, and complex motives of the men who were the public face of the space program.

Adobe Apollo in Flight (Digital Short Cut)

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Author: Michael Tyler Givens

Publisher: Sams Publishing

ISBN: 0132714884

Category: Computers

Page: 60

View: 7137

This is the eBook version of the printed book. With the release of the Apollo alpha, the code name of Adobe's new technology, the next generation of rich desktop applications is already under way. At an accelerating rate, new Apollo applications are vying for your PC's desktop real estate. Combining the existing web technologies you already know (Flex, AJAX, HTML, and others) with the Apollo runtime allows you to create engaging experiences for both Windows and Mac platforms that function even while disconnected from the network. In this Digital Short Cut, you will learn about the Apollo alpha and see a sample workflow for taking your current web development and server-side skills and applying them to create a new kind of desktop application. After reading this Short Cut, you will be well on your way to creating a different kind of desktop experience. Beginning with a sample application, Hello Apollo World, and progressing to a real-world desktop application, Go Fly, you will learn about some of the most important aspects of this exciting new technology. Apollo in Flight is targeted for developers that want just the facts - no fluff, only stuff.

The Apollo Guidance Computer

Architecture and Operation

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Author: Frank O'Brien

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441908773

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 440

View: 1057

The technological marvel that facilitated the Apollo missions to the Moon was the on-board computer. In the 1960s most computers filled an entire room, but the spacecraft’s computer was required to be compact and low power. Although people today find it difficult to accept that it was possible to control a spacecraft using such a ‘primitive’ computer, it nevertheless had capabilities that are advanced even by today’s standards. This is the first book to fully describe the Apollo guidance computer’s architecture, instruction format and programs used by the astronauts. As a comprehensive account, it will span the disciplines of computer science, electrical and aerospace engineering. However, it will also be accessible to the ‘space enthusiast’. In short, the intention is for this to be the definitive account of the Apollo guidance computer. Frank O’Brien’s interest in the Apollo program began as a serious amateur historian. About 12 years ago, he began performing research and writing essays for the Apollo Lunar Surface Journal, and the Apollo Flight Journal. Much of this work centered on his primary interests, the Apollo Guidance Computer (AGC) and the Lunar Module. These Journals are generally considered the canonical online reference on the flights to the Moon. He was then asked to assist the curatorial staff in the creation of the Cradle of Aviation Museum, on Long Island, New York, where he helped prepare the Lunar Module simulator, a LM procedure trainer and an Apollo space suit for display. He regularly lectures on the Apollo computer and related topics to diverse groups, from NASA's computer engineering conferences, the IEEE/ACM, computer festivals and university student groups.

Adrian Frutiger – Typefaces

The Complete Works

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Author: Heidrun Osterer,Philipp Stamm

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3038212601

Category: Architecture

Page: 464

View: 7276

The international creation of typefaces after 1950 was decisively influenced by the Swiss type designer Adrian Frutiger. His Univers typeface and the machine-readable font OCR-B, which was adopted as an ISO standard, are milestones, as is his type for the Paris airports, which set new standards for signage types and evolved into the Frutiger typeface. With his corporate types, he helped to define the public profiles of companies such as the Japanese Shiseido line of cosmetics. In all he created some fifty types, including Ondine, Méridien, Avenir, and Vectora. Based on conversations with Frutiger himself and on extensive research in France, England, Germany, and Switzerland, this publication provides a highly detailed and accurate account of the type designer’s artistic development. All of his types – from the design phase to the marketing stage – are illustrated and analyzed with reference to the technology and related types. Hitherto unpublished types that were never realized and more than one hundred logos complete the picture. This second, revised and expanded study edition, which now has an index, makes Frutiger’s achievement even more accessible.

Das verborgene Orakel

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Author: Rick Riordan

Publisher: Carlsen

ISBN: 3646929677

Category: Juvenile Fiction

Page: 416

View: 7294

Der Gott Apollo fällt vom Himmel direkt in ein paar Mülltonnen – er ist bei Zeus in Ungnade gefallen und wurde zur Strafe seiner Unsterblichkeit beraubt! Prompt wird er auch noch überfallen, doch zum Glück springt ihm Meg zur Seite – frech, kampflustig, höchstens zwölf und zweifelsfrei eine Halbgöttin. Zusammen machen sie sich auf nach Camp Half-Blood, doch dort lauern weitere Gefahren. Und noch dazu funktioniert das Orakel von Delphi nicht mehr, denn es ist immer noch von Apollos altem Feind Python besetzt ... Neue Abenteuer aus der Welt der Götter, und auchmit Percy Jackson gibt es ein Wiedersehen! Alle Bände der Apollo-Serie: Die Abenteuer des Apollo− Das verborgene Orakel (Band 1) Die Abenteuer des Apollo− Die dunkle Prophezeiung (Band 2) Die Abenteuer des Apollo− Das brennende Labyrinth (Band 3) Zwei weitere Bände folgen

The Digital Age (1947 – Present Day)

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Author: Charlie Samuels

Publisher: Gareth Stevens Publishing LLLP

ISBN: 1433949148

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 3234

This volume presents some of the technological highlights for the period 1947 through 2010.

Dreamworks SKG: Traumfabrik im digitalen Zeitalter

Analyse des Aufbaus eines Medienunternehmens

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Author: Filipp Goldscheider

Publisher: diplom.de

ISBN: 3832461272

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 209

View: 5585

Inhaltsangabe:Einleitung: Als im Herbst 1994 Steven Spielberg, Jeffrey Katzenberg und David Geffen bei einer Pressekonferenz die Gründung eines gemeinsamen Medienunternehmens bekanntgaben, reagierte die amerikanische Presse mit Begeisterung und verkündete eine Neubelebung der Medienbranche. Die International Herald Tribune prognostizierte, daß diese Troika der Branche einen seismischen Schock verpassen würde. Der Wall Street Journal sprach von einem Dream Team , das die in Hollywood herrschenden Studios herausfordern und eine neue Dynamik in den Konkurrenzkampf bringen würde. Die hohen Erwartungen an das Trio beruhen auf ihren bisherigen Erfolgen: - Steven Spielberg gilt als der populärste Filmregisseur und Produzent der letzten zwanzig Jahre. Im Laufe seiner Hollywood-Karriere stellte er mit Filmen wie Jaws, E.T. und zuletzt Jurassic Park stets neue Kinokassenrekorde auf. - Der ehemalige Disney-Manager Jeffrey Katzenberg zählt zu den ehrgeizigsten und kompetentesten Studio-Managern Hollywoods. Der Erfolg des Disney-Zeichentrickfilms The Lion King und die Revitalisierung der Animationsabteilung des Walt Disney-Studios wird vor allem ihm zugerechnet. Zusammen mit dem Disney-Chef Michael Eisner baute Katzenberg das Disney-Studio zu einem der bedeutendsten Medienkonzerne aus. - David Geffen erwarb sich mit der Betreuung von Interpreten und Gruppen wie Bob Dylan, James Brown bis hin zu Guns N Roses und Nirvana den Ruf, einer der einflußreichsten Männer der Musikbranche zu sein. Als Grund für den Zusammenschluß gaben die drei Hollywood-Insider an, daß es wieder Zeit sei, Filme mit Leidenschaft und nicht mit Kalkül zu machen und mehr Geld in junge Talente zu investieren anstatt in kreativitätsfeindliche Bürokratien. Aufgrund dieser Ankündigungen wurde das neue Unternehmen von Spielberg, Katzenberg und Geffen zu einem kreativen Gegenpol zu den großen Hollywood-Studios stilisiert, die ausschließlich zu global operierenden Medienkonzernen mit großen Verwaltungsapparaten gehören. Wenige Monate nach der Ankündigung ihrer Partnerschaft wurde der Name des gemeinsamen Medienunternehmens bekanntgegeben: DreamWorks SKG. Die Initialen SKG sollten noch einmal verdeutlichen, daß hinter diesem Medienkonzern, der die Bereiche Film, Fernsehen, Musik und neue interaktive Medien umfassen würde, die Medienkenner Spielberg, Katzenberg und Geffen stehen. Ein Kapitalvolumen in Höhe von zwei Milliarden Dollar und Allianzen mit erstrangigen Geschäftspartnern [...]

The Oxford Handbook of the Archaeology of the Contemporary World

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Author: Paul Graves-Brown,Rodney Harrison,Angela Piccini

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191663956

Category: Social Science

Page: 864

View: 6255

It has been clear for many years that the ways in which archaeology is practised have been a direct product of a particular set of social, cultural, and historical circumstances - archaeology is always carried out in the present. More recently, however, many have begun to consider how archaeological techniques might be used to reflect more directly on the contemporary world itself: how we might undertake archaeologies of, as well as in the present. This Handbook is the first comprehensive survey of an exciting and rapidly expanding sub-field and provides an authoritative overview of the newly emerging focus on the archaeology of the present and recent past. In addition to detailed archaeological case studies, it includes essays by scholars working on the relationships of different disciplines to the archaeology of the contemporary world, including anthropology, psychology, philosophy, historical geography, science and technology studies, communications and media, ethnoarchaeology, forensic archaeology, sociology, film, performance, and contemporary art. This volume seeks to explore the boundaries of an emerging sub-discipline, to develop a tool-kit of concepts and methods which are applicable to this new field, and to suggest important future trajectories for research. It makes a significant intervention by drawing together scholars working on a broad range of themes, approaches, methods, and case studies from diverse contexts in different parts of the world, which have not previously been considered collectively.

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Für Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt. Eine Verteidigung

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Author: Steven Pinker

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3104030685

Category: Philosophy

Page: 736

View: 1220

Eine leidenschaftliche Antithese zum üblichen Kulturpessimismus und ein engagierter Widerspruch zu dem weitverbreiteten Gefühl, dass die Moderne dem Untergang geweiht ist. Hass, Populismus und Unvernunft regieren die Welt, Wissenschaftsfeindlichkeit macht sich breit, Wahrheit gibt es nicht mehr: Wer die Schlagzeilen von heute liest, könnte so denken. Doch Bestseller-Autor Steven Pinker zeigt, dass das grundfalsch ist. Er hat die Entwicklung der vergangenen Jahrhunderte gründlich untersucht und beweist in seiner fulminanten Studie, dass unser Leben stetig viel besser geworden ist. Heute leben wir länger, gesünder, sicherer, glücklicher, friedlicher und wohlhabender denn je, und nicht nur in der westlichen Welt. Der Grund: die Aufklärung und ihr Wertesystem. Denn Aufklärung und Wissenschaft bieten nach wie vor die Basis, um mit Vernunft und im Konsens alle Probleme anzugehen. Anstelle von Gerüchten zählen Fakten, anstatt überlieferten Mythen zu glauben baut man auf Diskussion und Argumente. Anschaulich und brillant macht Pinker eines klar: Vernunft, Wissenschaft, Humanismus und Fortschritt sind weiterhin unverzichtbar für unser Wohlergehen. Ohne sie wird die Welt auf keinen Fall zu einem besseren Ort für uns alle. »Mein absolutes Lieblingsbuch aller Zeiten.« Bill Gates

Simulation

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computer simulation

Page: N.A

View: 4222

Our Robots, Ourselves

Robotics and the Myths of Autonomy

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Author: David A. Mindell

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698157664

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 208

View: 4293

“[An] essential book… it is required reading as we seriously engage one of the most important debates of our time.”—Sherry Turkle, author of Reclaiming Conversation: The Power of Talk in a Digital Age From drones to Mars rovers—an exploration of the most innovative use of robots today and a provocative argument for the crucial role of humans in our increasingly technological future. In Our Robots, Ourselves, David Mindell offers a fascinating behind-the-scenes look at the cutting edge of robotics today, debunking commonly held myths and exploring the rapidly changing relationships between humans and machines. Drawing on firsthand experience, extensive interviews, and the latest research from MIT and elsewhere, Mindell takes us to extreme environments—high atmosphere, deep ocean, and outer space—to reveal where the most advanced robotics already exist. In these environments, scientists use robots to discover new information about ancient civilizations, to map some of the world’s largest geological features, and even to “commute” to Mars to conduct daily experiments. But these tools of air, sea, and space also forecast the dangers, ethical quandaries, and unintended consequences of a future in which robotics and automation suffuse our everyday lives. Mindell argues that the stark lines we’ve drawn between human and not human, manual and automated, aren’t helpful for understanding our relationship with robotics. Brilliantly researched and accessibly written, Our Robots, Ourselves clarifies misconceptions about the autonomous robot, offering instead a hopeful message about what he calls “rich human presence” at the center of the technological landscape we are now creating. From the Hardcover edition.

Hidden Figures - Unerkannte Heldinnen

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Author: Margot Lee Shetterly

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 3959676433

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 8210

1943 stellt das Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory der NACA,die später zur NASA wird, erstmalig afroamerikanische Frauen ein. "Menschliche Rechner" - unter ihnen Dorothy Vaughan, die 1953 Vorgesetzte der brillanten afroamerikanischen Mathematikerin Katherine Johnson wird. Trotz Diskriminierung und Vorurteilen, treiben sie die Forschungen der NASA voran und Katherine Johnsons Berechnungen werden maßgeblich für den Erfolg der Apollo-Missionen. Dies ist ihre Geschichte. "Mit dieser unglaublich mitreißenden und vielschichtigen Erzählung zeigt Shetterly ihr Können. Die Geschichte begeistert in allen Aspekten." Booklist