Developmental Plasticity and Evolution

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Author: Mary Jane West-Eberhard

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780195122350

Category: Medical

Page: 794

View: 6459

West-Eberhard is widely recognized as one of the most incisive thinkers in evolutionary biology. This book assesses all the evidence for our current understanding of the role of changes in body plan and development for the process of speciation. The process of evolution is systematically reassessed to integrate the insights coming from developmental genetics. Every serious student of evolution, and a substantial share of developmental biologists and geneticists, will need to take note of this contribution. The timing is clearly ripe for the synthesis that this work will help bring about.

Die Evolution des Fliegens – Ein Fotoshooting

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Author: Georg Glaeser,Hannes F. Paulus,Werner Nachtigall

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662498995

Category: Science

Page: 249

View: 1204

Dieser Band nimmt sie mit auf eine spannende Reise in Bildern und Texten. Spektakuläre, großformatige Fotos auf Doppelseiten mit einem Erklärungstext machen die Leser neugierig auf das, was die Evolution im Bereich des Fliegens hervorgebracht hat: von der pflanzlichen Luftflotte (Pollenkörner, Flugsamen,...) über fliegende Schlangen und Fische, unter Wasser fliegende Pinguine bis zum Menschen, der sich in die Lüfte erhebt. Das Buch kann in beliebiger Reihenfolge, Doppelseite für Doppelseite, gelesen werden. Querverweise sorgen für bequemes Umspringen auf andere Doppelseiten. Die Textpassagen sind zumeist - abgesehen von der fundierten Einleitung - unabhängig von einander und besprechen besondere Highlights im evolutionären Prozess. Ergänzt wird die Doppelseite mit Literaturhinweisen und Verweisen auf instruktive Internet-Seiten.

Biologie und Ökologie der Insekten

ein Taschenlexikon

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Author: Werner Jacobs,Maximilian Renner,Klaus Honomichl

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9783827407993

Category: Entomology

Page: 678

View: 6253

Development and Environment

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Author: Warren Burggren,Benjamin Dubansky

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319759353

Category: Science

Page: 467

View: 3437

Rather than a loosely connected list of facts/topics, this book addresses virtually every field that involves the use of developing animals in environmental science. In doing so, it will help define the scientific collective within these fields to both those readers who are "outside" of a particular field (students and professionals alike) and those who work within said field, where multiple iterations of the same job description exist. Both the content and choice of authors fully support this goal, as the editors and contributing authors represent contemporary thought and experimentation in their respective fields – ranging from developmental physiology through environmental toxicology to medicine. As such, this work will appeal to a broad audience, including any scientist or trainee interested in the nexus of environment, development and physiology.

Biologie der Erkenntnis

die stammesgeschichtlichen Grundlagen der Vernunft

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Author: Rupert Riedl,Robert Kaspar

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783489610342

Category: Psychology

Page: 231

View: 4591

Developmental Plasticity

Behavioral and Biological Aspects of Variations in Development

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Author: Eugene Gollin

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323157203

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 2037

Developmental Plasticity: Behavioral and Biological Aspects of Variations in Development explores the behavioral and biological aspects of variations in development from a variety of theoretical viewpoints and research contexts. Topics covered include evolution and genetic variability; sensory bases of infant perception; and learning and ethology. The infancy of human learning processes is also discussed, along with epistemology and developmental psychology. Comprised of eight chapters, this book opens with a review of the broad evolutionary landscape and the specific genetic mechanisms implicated in biological and behavioral development. It then describes the sensory apparatus available to neonatal human beings and analyzes the similarities and differences between ethological theory and learning theory. Developmental plasticity is also examined in interdisciplinary contexts, while the acquisition of behavior patterns during early postnatal development is explored from a traditional learning theory point of view. The remaining chapters focus on the role played by asymmetry in general and by cerebral asymmetry in particular in the generation of individuality; cultural and biological instances of plasticity in development; and the barriers separating epistemology from developmental psychology and psycholinguistics. This monograph will be a useful resource for developmental psychologists and other professionals devoted to child development and learning, as well as those in the fields of genetics and behavioral and biological sciences.

Ecological Genomics

Ecology and the Evolution of Genes and Genomes

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Author: Christian R. Landry,Nadia Aubin-Horth

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400773471

Category: Science

Page: 359

View: 4362

Researchers in the field of ecological genomics aim to determine how a genome or a population of genomes interacts with its environment across ecological and evolutionary timescales. Ecological genomics is trans-disciplinary by nature. Ecologists have turned to genomics to be able to elucidate the mechanistic bases of the biodiversity their research tries to understand. Genomicists have turned to ecology in order to better explain the functional cellular and molecular variation they observed in their model organisms. We provide an advanced-level book that covers this recent research and proposes future development for this field. A synthesis of the field of ecological genomics emerges from this volume. Ecological Genomics covers a wide array of organisms (microbes, plants and animals) in order to be able to identify central concepts that motivate and derive from recent investigations in different branches of the tree of life. Ecological Genomics covers 3 fields of research that have most benefited from the recent technological and conceptual developments in the field of ecological genomics: the study of life-history evolution and its impact of genome architectures; the study of the genomic bases of phenotypic plasticity and the study of the genomic bases of adaptation and speciation.

Stoffwechselphysiologie der Pflanzen

Physiologie und Biochemie des Primär- und Sekundärstoffwechsels ; 10 Tabellen

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Author: Gerhard Richter

Publisher: Georg Thieme Verlag

ISBN: 9783134420067

Category: Plants

Page: 583

View: 5599

So gewinnt man den Nobelpreis

Das Geheimnis guter Wissenschaft

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Author: Peter Doherty

Publisher: Spektrum Akademischer Verlag

ISBN: 9783827418708

Category: Science

Page: 309

View: 5937

Kann man sich leidenschaftlich für Politik, Fußball oder Rhythm n’ Blues interessieren und trotzdem ein kreativer Wissenschaftler sein? Der australische Nobelpreisträger Peter Doherty vermittelt in diesem unterhaltsamen und anregenden Erfahrungsbericht Einblicke aus erster Hand in die Welt der Forschung und der Forschenden. Mit Beispielen aus seiner eigenen Karriere – von den wenig verheißungsvollen Anfängen in den Vororten Brisbanes bis zu der bahnbrechenden Entdeckung zur Funktionsweise des menschlichen Immunsystems – stellt Doherty anschaulich dar, wie das Leben eines Wissenschaftlers aussieht. Er beschreibt, wie Forschungsprojekte ausgewählt werden, wie Wissenschaft finanziert und organisiert wird, welche wichtigen Probleme man mit ihr zu lösen hofft und welche Belohnungen wie auch Fallstricke eine wissenschaftliche Karriere bereithält. Doherty verrät seinen Lesern außerdem, was ihn persönlich umtreibt – etwa seine Überzeugung, dass die Aufgabe der Wissenschaft darin bestehen sollte, die Welt lebenswerter zu machen. Und er versucht Antworten auf einige große Fragen unserer Zeit zu geben. Sind Nobelpreisträger ganz besondere Menschen – oder haben sie einfach nur Glück gehabt? Ist genmanipuliertes Getreide wirklich gefährlich? Warum kommen Wissenschaftler und fundamentalistische Christen nicht miteinander aus?

Handbuch Meditation

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Author: Culadasa John Yates

Publisher: Arkana

ISBN: 3641201853

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 560

View: 6595

Das universale Standardwerk zur Meditation. Die Meditation ist der Königsweg zum Erwachen. Sie erlaubt uns, mit zunehmender Übung immer tiefere Zustände der Glückseligkeit, des Friedens und der Erkenntnis zu erreichen, die schließlich in der endgültigen und dauerhaften Befreiung vom Leiden gipfeln. Der Meditationslehrer und promovierte Neurowissenschaftler Culadasa John Yates zeigt in dieser universalen Meditationsanleitung, wie wir Schritt für Schritt unsere Praxis vertiefen können. Das an Erfahrungstiefe und Kenntnisreichtum über die Stufen der Meditation einzigartige Handbuch gestattet es sowohl Einsteigern als auch erfahrenen Meditierenden, allseits bekannte Hindernisse und Probleme – beispielsweise Gedankenwandern, Unachtsamkeit oder Langeweile – zu überwinden, indem die Ursachen erklärt und eingängige Lösungsmethoden vorgestellt werden. Hierbei werden auch aktuelle neurowissenschaftliche Erkenntnisse genutzt. Das neue Standardwerk zur Meditation führt anhand vieler Übungen und Beispiele in erleuchtete Dimensionen des Bewusstseins.

Evolution and Empathy

The Genetic Factor in the Rise of Humanism

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Author: Milton E. Brener

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: N.A

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 258

View: 5700

This book applies new scientific research in the fields of biology and genetics to an empirical study of the Greco-Roman civilizations and the European Renaissance. These two periods were remarkable in part because of the dominance of empathy and humanism in the philosophical thought of each era. Both periods were preceded by the influx of many populations and genetic lines, a circumstance this book treats as not coincidental but probably causative. The author cites the expression of new genetic combinations in these periods as evidence that genetic evolution can play a large part in the development of new philosophical concepts, as manifested in these two periods. The author explains that humanistic traits seem to rise and fall in lockstep throughout human history, directly or indirectly correlating with changing genetic underpinnings.

Freaks of Nature

What Anomalies Tell Us About Development and Evolution

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Author: Mark Blumberg

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0198043430

Category: Psychology

Page: 344

View: 9896

In most respects, Abigail and Brittany Hensel are normal American twins. Born and raised in a small town, they enjoy a close relationship, though each has her own tastes and personality. But the Hensels also share a body. Their two heads sit side-by-side on a single torso, with two arms and two legs. They have not only survived, but have developed into athletic, graceful young women. And that, writes Mark S. Blumberg, opens an extraordinary window onto human development and evolution. In Freaks of Nature, Blumberg turns a scientist's eye on the oddities of nature, showing how a subject once relegated to the sideshow can help explain some of the deepest complexities of biology. Why, for example, does a two-headed human so resemble a two-headed minnow? What we need to understand, Blumberg argues, is that anomalies are the natural products of development, and it is through developmental mechanisms that evolution works. Freaks of Nature induces a kind of intellectual vertigo as it upends our intuitive understanding of biology. What really is an anomaly? Why is a limbless human a "freak," but a limbless reptile-a snake-a successful variation? What we see as deformities, Blumberg writes, are merely alternative paths for development, which challenge both the creature itself and our ability to fit it into our familiar categories. Rather than mere dead-ends, many anomalies prove surprisingly survivable-as in the case of the goat without forelimbs that learned to walk upright. Blumberg explains how such variations occur, and points to the success of the Hensel sisters and the goat as examples of the extraordinary flexibility inherent in individual development. In taking seriously a subject that has often been shunned as discomfiting and embarrassing, Mark Blumberg sheds new light on how individuals-and entire species-develop, survive, and evolve.

Plasticity, Robustness, Development and Evolution

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Author: Patrick Bateson,Peter Gluckman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 113949628X

Category: Science

Page: N.A

View: 4010

How do we understand and explain the apparent dichotomy between plasticity and robustness in the context of development? Can we identify these complex processes without resorting to 'either/or' solutions? Written by two leaders in the field, this is the first book to fully unravel the complexity of the subject, explaining that the epigenetic processes generating plasticity and robustness are in fact deeply intertwined. It identifies the different mechanisms that generate robustness and the various forms of plasticity, before considering the functional significance of the integrated mechanisms and how the component processes might have evolved. Finally, it highlights the ways in which epigenetic mechanisms could be instrumental in driving evolutionary change. Essential reading for biologists and psychologists interested in epigenetics and evolution, this book is also a valuable resource for biological anthropologists, sociobiologists, child psychologists and paediatricians.

Dog Behaviour, Evolution, and Cognition

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Author: Adam Miklosi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191045721

Category: Science

Page: 416

View: 780

This is the first book to collate and synthesize the recent burgeoning primary research literature on dog behaviour, evolution, and cognition. The author presents a new ecological approach to the understanding of dog behaviour, demonstrating how dogs can be the subject of rigorous and productive scientific study without the need to confine them to a laboratory environment. This second, fully updated edition of Dog Behaviour, Evolution and Cognition starts with an overview of the conceptual and methodological issues associated with the study of the dog, followed by a brief description of their role in human society. An evolutionary perspective is then introduced with a summary of current research into the process of domestication. The central part of the book is devoted to issues relating to the cognitive aspects of behaviour which have received particular attention in recent years from both psychologists and ethologists. The book's final chapters introduce the reader to many novel approaches to dog behaviour, set in the context of behavioural development and genetics. This second edition recognises and discusses the fact that dogs are increasingly being used as model organisms for studying aspects of human biology, such as genetic diseases and ageing. Specific attention is also given in this edition to attachment behaviour which emerges between humans and dogs, the importance of inter-specific communication in the success of dogs in human communities and the broad aspects of social cognition and how this may contribute to human-dog cooperation Directions for future research are highlighted throughout the text which also incorporates links to human and primate research by drawing on homologies and analogies in both evolution and behaviour. The book will therefore be of relevance and use to anyone with an interest in behavioural ecology including graduate students of animal behaviour and cognition, as well as a more general audience of dog enthusiasts, biologists, psychologists, veterinarians, and sociologists.

Komplexität und Widerspruch in der Architektur

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Author: Robert Venturi

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: N.A

Category: Architecture

Page: 231

View: 2936

Robert Venturi gehört zu den Architekten, die die Debatte über die Ästhetik der Architektur durch Schriften und eigene Projekte wieder in Gang gebracht haben. Sein Buch ist ein Plädoyer zur Wiederaneignung des mannigfaltigen Reichtums der Baukunst, ein Damm gegen die Sintflut von Funktionalität und Purismus.