Democracy in Latin America


Author: Peter H. Smith,Cameron J. Sells,Co-Author Cameron Sells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780190611347

Category: Democracy

Page: 416

View: 4530

Democracy in Latin America, Third Edition, examines processes of democratization in Latin America from 1900 to the present. Thoroughly revised and expanded, this new edition provides a widespread view of political transformation throughout the entire region. Adroitly blending qualitative and quantitative approaches, Democracy in Latin America, Third Edition, offers an innovative view of the "dialectic" of democratic change in Latin America. This interpretation draws upon new material concerning the rise of the "new Left," the relationship between social status and satisfaction with democracy, the effectiveness of antipoverty policies, changing roles of the judiciary, and the impact of the international environment. The text is enhanced by the inclusion of numerous photographic illustrations and brief "boxes" with portraits of personalities, explanations about methodology, and comments on conceptual approaches.

Promises of Empowerment

Women in Asia and Latin America


Author: Jennifer L. Troutner,Peter H. Smith,Christine Hunefeldt

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742529243

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 1276

How and to what degree are women worldwide gaining and using power? This book offers the first genuinely comparative assessment of this key question by exploring the conditions, actions, and accomplishments of women in Latin America and Asia. Encompassing 60 percent of the world's population and experiencing far-reaching transformations, these two regions offer a vital window into our understanding of the experiences of women globally. Revealing both basic similarities and fundamental differences, this volume offers thoughtful insights about the changing conditions of women, on the one hand, and, on the other, about patterns of social change throughout Asia and Latin America.

Modern Latin America


Author: Thomas E. Skidmore,Peter H. Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: History

Page: 465

View: 4400

Civil-military Relations in Latin America

New Analytical Perspectives


Author: David Pion-Berlin

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807849811

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 4368

The armed forces may no longer rule nations throughout Latin America, but they continue to influence democratic governments across the region. In nine original, thought-provoking essays, this book offers fresh theoretical insights into the dilemmas facing

Transformative Constitutionalism in Latin America

The Emergence of a New Ius Commune


Author: Armin von Bogdandy,Eduardo Ferrer Mac-Gregor,Mariela Morales Antoniazzi,Flávia Piovesan,Ximena Soley

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0192515470

Category: Law

Page: 448

View: 5216

This ground-breaking collection of essays outlines and explains the unique development of Latin American jurisprudence. It introduces the idea of the Ius Constitutionale Commune en América Latina (ICCAL), an original Latin American path of transformative constitutionalism, to an Anglophone audience for the first time. It charts the key developments that have transformed the region and assesses the success of the constitutional projects that followed a period of authoritarian regimes in Latin America. Coined by scholars who have been documenting, conceptualizing, and comparing the development of Latin American public law for more than a decade, the term ICCAL encompasses themes that cross national borders and legal fields, taking in constitutional law, administrative law, general public international law, regional integration law, human rights, and investment law. Not only does this volume map the legal landscape, it also suggests measures to improve society via due legal process and a rights-based, supranational and regionally rooted constitutionalism. The editors contend that with the strengthening of democracy, the rule of law, and human rights, common problems such as the exclusion of wide sectors of the population from having a say in government, as well as corruption, hyper-presidentialism, and the weak normativity of the law can be combatted more effectively in future.

New Constitutionalism in Latin America

Promises and Practices


Author: Dr Almut Schilling-Vacaflor,Prof Dr Detlef Nolte

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409483509

Category: Political Science

Page: 436

View: 7965

Latin America has a long tradition of constitutional reform. Since the democratic transitions of the 1980s, most countries have amended their constitutions at least once, and some have even undergone constitutional reform several times. The global phenomenon of a new constitutionalism, with enhanced rights provisions, finds expression in the region, but the new constitutions, such as those of Bolivia, Colombia, Ecuador and Venezuela, also have some peculiar characteristics which are discussed in this important book. Authors from a number of different disciplines offer a general overview of constitutional reforms in Latin America since 1990. They explore the historical, philosophical and doctrinal differences between traditional and new constitutionalism in Latin America and examine sources of inspiration. The book also covers sociopolitical settings, which factors and actors are relevant for the reform process, and analyzes the constitutional practices after reform, including the question of whether the recent constitutional reforms created new post-liberal democracies with an enhanced human and social rights record, or whether they primarily serve the ambitions of new political leaders.

The Future of Entrepreneurship in Latin America


Author: E. Brenes,J. Haar

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137003324

Category: Political Science

Page: 306

View: 3321

This book examines the outlook for Latin American entrepreneurs in the new global environment. Using case studies from across the region, the book highlights liberalization measures nations are adopting to facilitate small and medium size enterprise (SME) creation and growth, and existing barriers that are threatening SME sector gains.

Presidentialism and Democracy in Latin America


Author: Scott Mainwaring

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521576147

Category: Political Science

Page: 493

View: 6080

David J. Samuels and Matthew S. Shugart provide the first systematic analysis of how democratic constitutional design shapes party politics.

Urban Elections in Democratic Latin America


Author: Henry A. Dietz,Gil Shidlo

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780842026284

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

View: 9503

The mere notion of examining local elections in Latin America would have produced a puzzled look and a simple question: Why?

Latin American Democracy

Emerging Reality or Endangered Species?


Author: Richard L. Millett,Richard L. Millet,Jennifer S. Holmes,Orlando J. Pérez

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135854157

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 8843

Nearly thirty years have passed since Latin America began the arduous task of transitioning from military-led rule to democracy. In this time, more countries have moved toward the institutional bases of democracy than at any time in the region’s history. Nearly all countries have held free, competitive elections and most have had peaceful alternations in power between opposing political forces. Despite these advances, however, Latin American countries continue to face serious domestic and international challenges to the consolidation of stable democratic governance. The challenges range from weak political institutions, corruption, legacies of militarism, transnational crime and globalization among others. In Latin American Democracy contributors – both academics and practitioners, North Americans and Latin Americans – explore and assess the state of democratic consolidation in Latin America by focusing on the specific issues and challenges confronting democratic governance in the region.

Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective

Africa, Asia, and Latin America


Author: Philip Oxhorn,Joseph S. Tulchin,Andrew Selee

Publisher: Woodrow Wilson Center Press


Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 8747

The final chapter by Tulchin and Selee draws conclusions on these issues based on the case studies, while the introduction by Philip Oxhorn lays a theoretical foundation for understanding the relationship between decentralization and democracy.

Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America


Author: Jorge I. Domínguez,Michael Shifter

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421409801

Category: Political Science

Page: 408

View: 5327

After more than a century of assorted dictatorships and innumerable fiscal crises, the majority of Latin America's states are governed today by constitutional democratic regimes. Some analysts and scholars argue that Latin America weathered the 2008 fiscal crisis much better than the United States. How did this happen? Jorge I. Domínguez and Michael Shifter asked area specialists to examine the electoral and governance factors that shed light on this transformation and the region's prospects. They gather their findings in the fourth edition of Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America. This new edition is completely updated. Part I is thematic, covering issues of media, constitutionalism, the commodities boom, and fiscal management vis-à-vis governance. Part II focuses on eight important countries in the region—Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela. Already widely used in courses, Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America will continue to interest students of Latin American politics, democratization studies, and comparative politics as well as policymakers. -- Richard Feinberg

Talons of the Eagle

Latin America, the United States, and the World


Author: Peter H. Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199856954

Category: History

Page: 417

View: 1867

Topical and up to date, Talons of the Eagle: Latin America, the United States, and the World, Fourth Edition, presents an eminent scholar's perspective on the interaction between global trends and inter-American affairs--a subject that has become crucially important in the current era. Rather than concentrating solely on U.S. policy, Peter H. Smith uniquely addresses the structural relationships between the two regions by focusing on international systems, the distribution of power, and the perception and pursuit of national interests. Throughout, this provocative text casts light on such contemporary issues as economic integration, drug trafficking, undocumented migration, and the rise of Latin America's "new left." It also analyzes Latin American reactions and responses to the U.S.--and to the rest of the world--in these complex and troubling times. NEW TO THIS EDITION * An innovative conceptual framework that reinterprets the post-9/11 period through the prism of two distinct "regimes" or "rules of the game"--one relating to geoeconomics (especially free trade), the other relating to geopolitics (specifically the War on Terror) * Two entirely new chapters (Ch. 13: Dilemmas of Immigration, and Ch. 14: Drug Trafficking, Drug Wars) * A sharpened distinction between "hard" and "soft" power

Regimes and democracy in Latin America

theories and methods


Author: Gerardo Luis Munck

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199219902

Category: History

Page: 286

View: 4203

This volume focuses on democracy in Latin America and assesses the state of current knowledge on the topic and identifies new research frontiers in the study of Latin American politics. It provides an overview of research agendas and strategies used in the literature over the past four decades. It tackles a series of central questions--What is democracy? Is democracy an absolute value? Are current conceptualizations of democracy adequate? How and why does democracy work or fail in Latin America?--and spells out the implications of answers to these questions for current research agendas. It distinguishes between qualitative and quantitative approaches to the conceptualization and measurement of democracy, and presents a dataset on political regimes and democracy that illustrates how the differences between these two standard approaches might be overcome. Finally, it evaluates the strengths and weaknesses of conventional methods used to generate and test explanations of the causes and consequences of democracy, and proposes alternative ways to advance ongoing substantive debates given the current state of theory and data. The contributors are scholars from the United States and Latin America who are experts on Latin America, and who have established reputations as theorists and methodologists. The volume will be of interest to readers seeking to understand debates about democracy in developing societies and to grasp the concepts, theories and methods that are currently being developed to study Latin American politics.

Deepening Democracy in Latin America


Author: Kurt von Mettenheim,James M. Malloy

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822971925

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 9735

Ten leading scholars of the region present original research to argue that theories of democratic consolidation or institutionalization are too often Euro- and ethno-centric; that simple appeals for greater participation are insufficient; and that recent critics of populism, patronage, and presidentialism fail to capture new opportunities for democracies in the region.

Latin American Politics

An Introduction


Author: David Close

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442604190

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 3350

Highlighting eleven different topics in separate chapters, the thematic approach of Latin American Politics offers students the conceptual tools they need to analyze the political systems of all twenty Latin American nations. Such a structure makes the book self-consciously comparative, allowing students to become stronger analysts of comparative politics and better political scientists in general.

Democratic Transition and Consolidation in Southern Europe, Latin America and Southeast Asia


Author: Diane Ethier

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 134911412X

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 4478

The breakdown of authoritarian regimes in Greece, Spain and Portugal in the mid-70s was the beginning of a new cycle of democratization at the world scale. The 1980s have seen the emergence of formal, constitutional democracies in many countries, especially in Latin America and Southeast Asia. This book analyses in a comparative perspective the causes, the modalities and the prospects of these political changes in three regions: Southern Europe, Latin America and Southeast Asia.

Issues in democratic consolidation

the new South American democracies in comparative perspective


Author: Scott Mainwaring,Guillermo A. O'Donnell

Publisher: University of Notre Dame Press


Category: Political Science

Page: 357

View: 3293

Since 1974 there has been an unprecedented wave of democratization in the world. This trend has been particularly extensive in South America. But the problems confronting these new democracies are staggering, and the prospects for building consolidated democratic regimes are far from uniformly good. Focusing primarily on recent South American cases, Issues in Democratic Consolidation examines some of the difficulties of constructing consolidated democracies and provides a critical examination of the major issues involved. A prominent theme running through this collection is that the transitions from authoritative rule to civilian government may be arrested by political, economic, and social constraints. The articles contain analyses of the varied modalities and complex processes related to the transitions. The first transition begins with the initial stirrings of crisis under authoritarian rule that generate some form of political opening and greater respect for basic civil rights, and ends with the establishment of a government elected in an open, competitive contest. The volumes primary focus, however, is on the second transition, which begins with the inauguration of a democratic government and ends - if all goes well - with the establishment of a consolidated democratic regime.

Media and Politics in New Democracies

Europe in a Comparative Perspective


Author: Jan Zielonka

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198747535

Category: Democratization

Page: 312

View: 7327

How is power being mediated in new democracies? Can media function independently in the unstable and polarised political environment experienced after the fall of autocracy? Do major shifts in economic and ownership structures help or hinder the quality of the media? How much can new media laws alter old journalistic habits and political cultures? And how do new technologies impact the media and democracy? This book examines these questions, drawing on a vast set of data assembled by a large international project.

Democratization in America

A Comparative-Historical Analysis


Author: Desmond King,Robert C. Lieberman,Gretchen Ritter,Laurence Whitehead

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 0801893240

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 9400

The essays in this volume examine democracy’s development in the United States, demonstrating how that process has shaped—and continues to shape—the American political system. Scholars of American politics commonly describe the political development of the United States as exceptional and distinct from that of other advanced industrial democracies. They point to the United States as the longest-lived and most stable liberal democracy in history. What they often fail to mention, though, is that it took considerable time to extend democracy throughout the country. The contributors to this volume suggest that it is intellectually fruitful to consider the U.S. case in comparison to other countries. They argue that the development of democracy is ongoing in America; that even with a written constitution grounded in liberal democracy, the meaning and significance of U.S. democracy are still evolving. This volume shows that democratization and the pursuit of democracy are processes affected by multiple and continuing challenges—including such issues as citizenship, race, institution building, and political movements—as patterns and practices of politics and governance continue to change. This innovative approach contributes significantly to comparative democratization studies, a field normally confined to Latin America and former communist countries. The U.S. case is a unique reference point for students of American political development and comparative democratization.