Democracy in Latin America

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Author: Peter H. Smith,Cameron J. Sells,Co-Author Cameron Sells

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780190611347

Category: Democracy

Page: 416

View: 1919

Democracy in Latin America, Third Edition, examines processes of democratization in Latin America from 1900 to the present. Thoroughly revised and expanded, this new edition provides a widespread view of political transformation throughout the entire region. Adroitly blending qualitative and quantitative approaches, Democracy in Latin America, Third Edition, offers an innovative view of the "dialectic" of democratic change in Latin America. This interpretation draws upon new material concerning the rise of the "new Left," the relationship between social status and satisfaction with democracy, the effectiveness of antipoverty policies, changing roles of the judiciary, and the impact of the international environment. The text is enhanced by the inclusion of numerous photographic illustrations and brief "boxes" with portraits of personalities, explanations about methodology, and comments on conceptual approaches.

Promises of Empowerment

Women in Asia and Latin America

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Author: Jennifer L. Troutner,Peter H. Smith,Christine Hunefeldt

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780742529243

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 9478

How and to what degree are women worldwide gaining and using power? This book offers the first genuinely comparative assessment of this key question by exploring the conditions, actions, and accomplishments of women in Latin America and Asia. Encompassing 60 percent of the world's population and experiencing far-reaching transformations, these two regions offer a vital window into our understanding of the experiences of women globally. Revealing both basic similarities and fundamental differences, this volume offers thoughtful insights about the changing conditions of women, on the one hand, and, on the other, about patterns of social change throughout Asia and Latin America.

Modern Latin America

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Author: Thomas E. Skidmore,Peter H. Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 465

View: 7317

Civil-military Relations in Latin America

New Analytical Perspectives

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Author: David Pion-Berlin

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807849811

Category: Political Science

Page: 303

View: 3726

The armed forces may no longer rule nations throughout Latin America, but they continue to influence democratic governments across the region. In nine original, thought-provoking essays, this book offers fresh theoretical insights into the dilemmas facing

Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America

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Author: Jorge I. Domínguez,Michael Shifter

Publisher: JHU Press

ISBN: 1421409798

Category: History

Page: 377

View: 3992

After more than a century of assorted dictatorships and innumerable fiscal crises, the majority of Latin America's states are governed today by constitutional democratic regimes. Some analysts and scholars argue that Latin America weathered the 2008 fiscal crisis much better than the United States. How did this happen? Jorge I. Domínguez and Michael Shifter asked area specialists to examine the electoral and governance factors that shed light on this transformation and the region's prospects. They gather their findings in the fourth edition of Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America. This new edition is completely updated. Part I is thematic, covering issues of media, constitutionalism, the commodities boom, and fiscal management vis-à-vis governance. Part II focuses on eight important countries in the region—Argentina, Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Peru, and Venezuela. Already widely used in courses, Constructing Democratic Governance in Latin America will continue to interest students of Latin American politics, democratization studies, and comparative politics as well as policymakers.

Latin American Politics

An Introduction

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Author: David Close

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN: 1442604190

Category: Political Science

Page: 304

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Highlighting eleven different topics in separate chapters, the thematic approach of Latin American Politics offers students the conceptual tools they need to analyze the political systems of all twenty Latin American nations. Such a structure makes the book self-consciously comparative, allowing students to become stronger analysts of comparative politics and better political scientists in general.

Urban Elections in Democratic Latin America

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Author: Henry A. Dietz,Gil Shidlo

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780842026284

Category: Political Science

Page: 298

View: 8290

The mere notion of examining local elections in Latin America would have produced a puzzled look and a simple question: Why?

Latin American Political Culture

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Author: John A. Booth

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1452227896

Category: Political Science

Page: 320

View: 4366

This is the only book to extensively investigate the attitudes and behaviours of Latin Americans based on the Latin American Public Opinion Project's (LAPOP) AmericasBarometer surveys. Through its analysis of data on eighteen countries, the book systematically and comparatively evaluates norms, attitudes, and opinions concerning democracy and its consolidation. Beginning with an introduction of political culture and its scholarship, it examines democratic and authoritarian norms, explores how citizens relate to the political world, and considers implications for democratic stability. It then examines key behavioural outcomes in politics, such as in attitudes toward gays and fear of crime, and how political culture changes over time. Case studies highlight how these factors come together in particular cases. The findings reveal a complex Latin America with distinct political cultures. This book joins rigorous analysis with clear graphic presentation and extensive examples. Readers learn about public opinion research, engage with further questions for analysis, and have access to data, an expansive bibliography,

Talons of the Eagle

Latin America, the United States, and the World

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Author: Peter H. Smith

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780199856954

Category: History

Page: 417

View: 3563

Topical and up to date, Talons of the Eagle: Latin America, the United States, and the World, Fourth Edition, presents an eminent scholar's perspective on the interaction between global trends and inter-American affairs--a subject that has become crucially important in the current era. Rather than concentrating solely on U.S. policy, Peter H. Smith uniquely addresses the structural relationships between the two regions by focusing on international systems, the distribution of power, and the perception and pursuit of national interests. Throughout, this provocative text casts light on such contemporary issues as economic integration, drug trafficking, undocumented migration, and the rise of Latin America's "new left." It also analyzes Latin American reactions and responses to the U.S.--and to the rest of the world--in these complex and troubling times. NEW TO THIS EDITION * An innovative conceptual framework that reinterprets the post-9/11 period through the prism of two distinct "regimes" or "rules of the game"--one relating to geoeconomics (especially free trade), the other relating to geopolitics (specifically the War on Terror) * Two entirely new chapters (Ch. 13: Dilemmas of Immigration, and Ch. 14: Drug Trafficking, Drug Wars) * A sharpened distinction between "hard" and "soft" power

Presidentialism and Democracy in Latin America

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Author: Scott Mainwaring

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521576147

Category: Political Science

Page: 493

View: 2147

David J. Samuels and Matthew S. Shugart provide the first systematic analysis of how democratic constitutional design shapes party politics.

Militarization, Democracy, and Development

The Perils of Praetorianism in Latin America

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Author: Kirk S. Bowman

Publisher: Penn State Press

ISBN: 9780271046464

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 7838

Do Third World countries benefit from having large militaries, or does this impede their development? Kirk Bowman uses statistical analysis to demonstrate that militarization has had a particularly malignant impact in this region. For his quantitative comparison he draws on longitudinal data for a sample of 76 developing countries and for 18 Latin American nations. To illuminate the causal mechanisms at work, Bowman offers a detailed comparison of Costa Rica and Honduras between 1948 and 1998. The case studies not only serve to bolster his general argument about the harmful effects of militarization but also provide many new insights into the processes of democratic consolidation and economic transformation in these two Central American countries.

Latin American State Building in Comparative Perspective

Social Foundations of Institutional Order

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Author: Marcus J. Kurtz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521766443

Category: Political Science

Page: 275

View: 6453

This book provides an account of long-run institutional development in Latin America that emphasizes the social and political foundations of state-building processes.

Media and Politics in New Democracies

Europe in a Comparative Perspective

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Author: Jan Zielonka

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198747535

Category: Democratization

Page: 312

View: 5903

How is power being mediated in new democracies? Can media function independently in the unstable and polarised political environment experienced after the fall of autocracy? Do major shifts in economic and ownership structures help or hinder the quality of the media? How much can new media laws alter old journalistic habits and political cultures? And how do new technologies impact the media and democracy? This book examines these questions, drawing on a vast set of data assembled by a large international project.

Deepening Democracy: Global Governance and Political Reform in Latin America

Global Governance and Political Reform in Latin America

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Author: Francis Adams

Publisher: ABC-CLIO

ISBN: 0313390126

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 7597

Adams surveys the impact of transnational organizations and NGOs on Latin American politics since 1990. The transition from military to civilian rule in Latin American countries has benefited local progressive forces, but resilient remnants favoring the past's authoritarian politics have compelled organizations like the UN, IMF, OAS, and World Bank to engage in various campaigns to deepen democratic institutions and norms. Adams argues that to understand current political transformations in the region, one must consider the existing role of external organizations. Latin America is offered as a prime example of the increased influence transnational authorities have over political decisions that had long been the exclusive prerogative of national governments. Beginning with the Latin American experience, Adams reviews the contemporary character of power and politics in the area, outlining how democratic transitions have been limited. UN human rights and reform initiatives are considered. Adams scrutinizes the work of the World Bank, the IMF, and the Inter-American Development Bank to modernize public administration, strengthen political institutions, enhance transparency and accountability, and fortify civil society. He also examines the work and impact and the Organization of American States and various global citizens groups.

Decentralization, Democratic Governance, and Civil Society in Comparative Perspective

Africa, Asia, and Latin America

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Author: Philip Oxhorn,Joseph S. Tulchin,Andrew Selee

Publisher: Woodrow Wilson Center Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 368

View: 5407

The final chapter by Tulchin and Selee draws conclusions on these issues based on the case studies, while the introduction by Philip Oxhorn lays a theoretical foundation for understanding the relationship between decentralization and democracy.

Latin American political economy in the age of neoliberal reform

theoretical and comparative perspectives for the 1990s

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Author: William C. Smith,Carlos H. Acuña,Eduardo Gamarra

Publisher: Univ of Miami North South Center pr

ISBN: 9781560007319

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 218

View: 7458

"Series of well-written, multidisciplinary articles examines market-oriented reforms instituted by most Latin American countries during 1980s-90s. Emphasizes impact of market reforms on political system and democratization"--Handbook of Latin American Stu

The Politics of Freeing Markets in Latin America

Chile, Argentina, and Mexico

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Author: Judith A. Teichman

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 0807875074

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 296

View: 1231

In the 1980s and 1990s, nations throughout Latin America experienced the dual transformations of market liberalizing reforms and democratization. Since then, perhaps no issue has been more controversial among those who study the region than the exact nature of the relationship between these two processes. Bringing a much-needed comparative perspective to the discussion, Judith Teichman examines the politics of market reform in Chile, Argentina, and Mexico, analyzing its implications for democratic practices in each case. Teichman considers both internal and external influences on the process of Latin American market reform, anchoring her investigation in the historical, political, and cultural contexts unique to each country, while also highlighting the important role played by such international actors as the World Bank and the International Monetary Fund (IMF). Informed by interviews with more than one hundred senior officials involved in the reform process, her analysis reveals that while the initial stage of market reform is associated with authoritarian political practices, later phases witness a rise in the importance of electoral democracy. She concludes, however, that the legacy of authoritarian decision making represents a significant obstacle to substantive democratization.

Deepening Democracy in Latin America

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Author: Kurt von Mettenheim,James M. Malloy

Publisher: University of Pittsburgh Pre

ISBN: 0822971925

Category: Political Science

Page: 230

View: 4943

Ten leading scholars of the region present original research to argue that theories of democratic consolidation or institutionalization are too often Euro- and ethno-centric; that simple appeals for greater participation are insufficient; and that recent critics of populism, patronage, and presidentialism fail to capture new opportunities for democracies in the region.

Gender and the Politics of Rights and Democracy in Latin America

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Author: Maxine Molyneux

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1403914117

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 3364

This volume assesses one of the most important developments in contemporary Latin American women's movements: the engagement with rights-based discourses. Organised women have played a central role in the continued struggle for democracy in the region and with it gender justice. The foregrounding of human rights, and within them the recognition of women's rights, has offered women a strategic advantage in pursuing their goals of an inclusive citizenship. The country-based chapters analyse specific bodies of rights: rights and representation, domestic violence, labour rights, reproductive rights, legal advocacy, socio-economic rights, rights and ethnicity, and rights, the state and autonomy.