Decision Modelling for Health Economic Evaluation


Author: Andrew H. Briggs,Karl Claxton,Mark J. Sculpher

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0198526628

Category: Medical

Page: 237

View: 6816

This is a practical guide to the use of modelling techniques, starting with the basics of constructing different forms of model, the population of the model with input parameter estimates, analysis of the results, and progression to the holistic view of models as a tool to inform future research exercises. Key techniques and approaches are discussed, and a comprehensive set of example exercises take the reader through how to conduct decision-analytic modelling. These exercises are supported with templates and solutions made available via the book website. -- BOOK JACKET.




Author: Kornelia van der Beek,Gregor van der Beek

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3486706659

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 212

View: 1317

Die Bedeutung der Ökonomie im Gesundheitswesen steigt Jahr für Jahr. Hinzu kommt, dass die Allokation und Distribution von Gesundheitsleistungen immer häufiger in der Diskussion steht. Die Autoren beleuchten deswegen dieses Spannungsfeld: Sie stellen das Angebot und die Nachfrage von Gesundheitsleistungen dar, analysieren Krankenversicherungen unter Berücksichtigung bestehender Informationsasymmetrien und beleuchten zudem unterschiedliche Gesundheitssysteme in Europa und den USA. In diesem Kontext wird auch das Managed Care-Konzept im Detail vorgestellt.

Gesundheitsökonomische Bewertung von Präventionsmaßnahmen

Eine Markov-Modellierung zur Analyse der Kosten-Effektivität juveniler Bewegungsförderung


Author: Sebastian Liersch

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658141743

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 280

View: 9999

Sebastian Liersch ermittelt die gesundheits- und forschungspolitische Relevanz präventiver Förderung körperlicher (In-)Aktivität und erarbeitet ein gesundheitsökonomisches Entscheidungsmodell, das die Beurteilung der langfristigen Kosten-Effektivität der Förderung eines aktiven Lebensstils ermöglicht. Das entwickelte Markov-Modell analysiert am Beispiel des täglichen Schulsports das Kosten-Nutzen-Verhältnis von Präventionsmaßnahmen auf Basis eines veränderten Aktivitätsverhaltens. Darüber hinaus kann es für die Evaluation zukünftiger Bewegungsprogramme genutzt werden. Es berücksichtigt die präventiven Wirkungen körperlicher Aktivität auf Morbidität und Mortalität von Adipositas und Hypertonie als Risikofaktoren sowie der Krankheiten Schlaganfall, koronare Herzkrankheit, Typ-2-Diabetes, Depression, Brust- und Darmkrebs.

Evidence-based Laboratory Medicine

Principles, Practice, and Outcomes


Author: Christopher P. Price,Robert H. Christenson

Publisher: American Association for Clinical Chemistry, Incorporated


Category: Diagnosis, Laboratory

Page: 545

View: 8148

Economic Evaluation in Clinical Trials


Author: Henry A. Glick,Jalpa A. Doshi,Seema S. Sonnad,Daniel Polsky

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191508055

Category: Medical

Page: 288

View: 977

It is becoming increasingly important to examine the relationship between the outcomes of a clinical trial and the costs of the medical therapy under study. The results of such analysis can affect reimbursement decisions for new medical technologies, drugs, devices or diagnostics. It can aid companies seeking to make claims about the cost-effectiveness of their product, as well as allowing early consideration of the economic value of therapies which may be important to improving initial adoption decisions. It is also vital for addressing the requirements of regulatory bodies. Economic Evaluation in Clinical Trials provides practical advice on how to conduct cost-effectiveness analyses in controlled trials of medical therapies. This new edition has been extensively rewritten and revised; topics discussed range from design issues such as the types of services that should be measured and price weights, to assessment of quality-adjusted life years. Illustrative materials, case histories and worked examples are included to encourage the reader to apply the methods discussed. These exercises are supported with datasets, programmes and solutions made available online.

Handbook of Economic Evaluation of HIV Prevention Programs


Author: David R. Holtgrave

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1489918787

Category: Medical

Page: 282

View: 4594

If resources for HIV prevention efforts were truly unlimited, then this book would be en tirely unnecessary. In a world with limitless support for HIV prevention activities, one would simply implement all effective (or potentially effective) programs without regard to expense. We would do everything useful to prevent the further spread of the virus that has already claimed hundreds of thousands of lives in the United States and millions of lives worldwide. Unfortunately, funding for HIV prevention programs is limited. Even though the amount of available funding may seem quite large (especially in the United States), it is still fixed and not sufficient to meet all needs for such programs. This was very well illustrated in the summer of 1997 when over 500 community-based organizations applied for a combined total of $18 million of HIV prevention funding from the U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC). Less than one-fifth ofthese organizations received support via this funding mechanism. Hence, although $18 million may seem like a large amount of money at first blush, it is not enough to meet all of the prevention needs that could be addressed by these community-based organizations.

Sozial- und Präventivmedizin, public health


Author: Felix Gutzwiller

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783456831770


Page: 518

View: 3659

Dieses Buch vermittelt einen vollständigen Überblick über die theoretischen Grundlagen und praktischen Anwendungen der Sozial- und Präventivmedizin bzw. von Public Health.

Gesundheitsökonomie / Health Economics

Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik 5+6/2007 227.Jahrgang, Heft 5/6.2007 Themenheft Jahrbücher für Nationalökonomie und Statistik


Author: Klaus-Dirk Henke

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN: 3110510324

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 380

View: 5088

Die Gesundheitsökonomie hat sich in Deutschland als akademisches Lehr- und Forschungsgebiet etabliert. Inhalt und Methoden der Gesundheitsökonomie sind vielfältig. Die fachlichen Hintergründe liegen nach wie vor in der Sozialpolitik, in der Finanzwissenschaft, in der Ordnungspolitik, aber auch in der Versicherungswissenschaft, der Institutionenökonomie und der angewandten Mikroökonomie sowie neuerdings sogar in der Spieltheorie. Innerhalb der Betriebswirtschaftslehre war es insbesondere die Krankenhausbetriebslehre, die Pate stand für die Weiterentwicklung zum Gesundheitsmanagement als Schwerpunkt in der betriebswirtschaftlichen Ausbildung und Forschung im Fach Gesundheitsökonomie. Fragen an der Schnittstelle zu anderen Sozialwissenschaften und der Medizin werden insbesondere in der Public Health-Forschung aufgegriffen. Im vorliegenden Themenheft wird der beschriebene Hintergrund des Faches an vier ausgewählten Themenfeldern deutlich. 1. Ordnungspolitik und Steuerung 2. Finanzierung und Vergütung 3. Wachstum und Verteilung 4. Neue Versorgungsformen und Evaluation

Handbook for Evaluating Infrastructure Regulatory Systems


Author: Ashley C. Brown,Jon Stern,Bernard William Tenenbaum,Defne Gencer

Publisher: World Bank Publications

ISBN: 0821365800

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 397

View: 4368

More than 200 new infrastructure regulators have been created around the world in the last 15 years. They were established to encourage clear and sustainable long-term economic and legal commitments by governments and investors to encourage new investment to benefit existing and new customers. There is now considerable evidence that both investors and consumers-the two groups that were supposed to have benefited from these new regulatory systems-have often been disappointed with their performance. The fundamental premise of this book is that regulatory systems can be successfully reformed only if there are independent, objective and public evaluations of their performance. Just as one goes to a medical doctor for a regular health checkup, it is clear that infrastructure regulation would also benefit from periodic checkups. This book provides a general framework as well as detailed practical guidance on how to perform such "regulatory checkups."

Handbook of Health Economics


Author: A J. Culyer,J.P. Newhouse

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780444504715

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1996

View: 8757

V. 1B. Economics and mental health / Richard G. Frank and Thomas G. McGuire ; Long-term care / Edward C. Norton ; Economics of disability and disability policy / Robert Haveman and Barbara Wolfe ; Child health in developed countries / Janet Currie ; The industrial organization of health care markets / David Dranove and Mark A. Satterthwaite ; Not-for-profit ownership and hospital behavior / Frank A. Sloan ; Economics of general practice / Anthony Scott ; Waiting lists and medical treatment / John G. Cullis, PhilipR. Jones and Carol Propper ; Economics of dental services / Harri sintonen and Ismo Linnosmaa ; The pharmaceutical industry / F.M. Scherer ; Liability for medical malpractice / Patricia M. Danzon ; Antitrust and competition in health care markets / Martin Gaynor and William B. Vogt ; Regulation of prices and investment in hospitals in th U.S. / David S. Salkever ; The economics of smoking / Frank J. Chaloupka and Kenneth E. Warner ; Alcohol / Philip J. Cook and Michael J. Moor ...

Health technology assessment

Konzepte, Methoden, Praxis für Wissenschaft und Entscheidungsfindung


Author: Matthias Perleth,Reinhard Busse

Publisher: MWV

ISBN: 3939069221

Category: Medical

Page: 259

View: 1722

Applied Methods of Cost-effectiveness Analysis in Healthcare


Author: Alastair M. Gray,Philip M. Clarke,Jane L. Wolstenholme

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199227284

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 313

View: 1364

This book provides the reader with a comprehensive set of instructions and examples of how to perform an economic evaluation of a health intervention, focusing solely on cost-effectiveness analysis in healthcare.

Action Evaluation of Health Programmes and Changes

A Handbook for a User-focused Approach


Author: John Ovretveit

Publisher: Radcliffe Publishing

ISBN: 9781857759259

Category: Medical

Page: 246

View: 4586

Healthcare Performance and Organisational Culture examines the evidence for a relationship between organisational culture and organisational performance in the health care sector. This book provides essential information to assist health managers improve the performance of their organisation by addressing the factors of style and culture, using practical tools throughout to measure them and link them to performance. It comprehensively examines the theoretical basis of the relationship between organisational culture and performance and assesses the various tools designed to measure or assess the culture of organisations. All healthcare professionals and clinicians with management responsibilities will find this book essential reading.

The Advanced Handbook of Methods in Evidence Based Healthcare


Author: Andrew Stevens,Keith Abrams,John Brazier,Ray Fitzpatrick,Richard Lilford

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1847876757

Category: Medical

Page: 544

View: 3398

'This handbook is an excellent reflection of the growing maturity and methodological sophistication of the field of Health Technology Assessment. The Handbook covers a spectrum of issues, from primary evidence (clinical trials) through reviews and meta-analysis, to identifying and filling gaps in the evidence. Up-to-date, clearly written, and well-edited, the handbook is a needed addition to any personal or professional library dealing with Health Technology Assessment.' Professor David Banta, TNO Prevention and Health, The Netherlands 'This text presents the most advanced knowledge on methodology in health care research, and will form the backbone of many future studies' - Paula Roberts, Nurse Researcher The `effectiveness revolution' both in research and clinical practice, has tested available methods for health services research to the extreme. How far can observational methods, routine data and qualitative methods be used in health care evaluation? What cost and outcome measures are appropriate, and how should data be gathered? With the support of over two million pounds from the British Health Technology Assessment Research Programme, the research project for this Handbook has led to both a synthesis of all of the existing knowledge in these areas and an agenda for future debate and research. The chapters and their authors have been selected through a careful process of peer review and provide a coherent and complete approach to the field. The handbook has been a unique collaboration between internationally regarded clinicians, statisticians, epidemiologists, social scientists, health economists and ethicists. It provides the most advanced thinking and the most authoritative resource for a state of the art review of methods of evaluating health care and will be required reading for anyone involved in health services research and management.

Health Information Systems

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools and Applications


Author: Joel Rodrigues

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1605669881

Category: Medical

Page: 2229

View: 8567

"This reference set provides a complete understanding of the development of applications and concepts in clinical, patient, and hospital information systems"--Provided by publisher.

Community-Oriented Health Services

Practices Across Disciplines


Author: Elias Mpofu, PhD, DEd, CRC

Publisher: Springer Publishing Company

ISBN: 082619818X

Category: Social Science

Page: 384

View: 6671

Grounded in a transdisciplinary approach, this groundbreaking text provides extensive, evidence-based information on the value of communities as the primary drivers of their own health and well-being. It describes foundational community health concepts and procedures and presents proven strategies for engaging communities as resources for their own health improvementñan important determinant of individual well-being. It is based on recommendations by the World Health Organization's International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health and on the premise that healthy communities are those with populations that participate in their own health promotion, maintenance, and sustenance. The book is unique in its integration of environmental and social justice issues as they significantly affect the advancement of community health. The text focuses on community-oriented health interventions informed by prevention, inclusiveness, and timeliness that both promote better health and are more cost effective than individually focused interventions. It addresses the foundations of community-oriented health services including their history, social determinants, concepts, and policies as well as the economics of community-oriented health services and health disparities and equity. It covers procedures for designing, implementing, monitoring, and evaluating sustainable community health coalitions along with tools for measuring their success. Detailed case studies describe specific settings and themes in U.S. and international community health practice in which communities are both enactors and beneficiaries. An accompanying instructor's manual provides learning exercises, field-based experiential assignments, and multiple-choice questions. A valuable resource for students and practitioners of education, public policy, and social services, this book bridges the perspectives of environmental justice, public health, and community well-being and development, which, while being mutually interdependent, have rarely been considered together. KEY FEATURES: Offers a new paradigm for improving public health through community-driven health coalitions Includes evidence-based strategies for engaging communities in the pursuit of health Demonstrates how to design, implement, monitor, and evaluate community health partnerships Presents transdisciplinary approaches that consider environmental and social justice variables Includes contributions of international authors renowned in community health research and practice

Leading Change

Wie Sie Ihr Unternehmen in acht Schritten erfolgreich verändern


Author: John P. Kotter

Publisher: Vahlen

ISBN: 3800646153

Category: Fiction

Page: 158

View: 9326

John P. Kotters wegweisendes Werk Leading Change erschien 1996 und zählt heute zu den wichtigsten Managementbüchern überhaupt. Es wurde in zahlreiche Sprachen übersetzt und millionenfach verkauft. Der Druck auf Unternehmen, sich den permanent wandelnden internen und externen Einflüssen zu stellen, wird weiter zunehmen. Dabei gehört ein offener, aber professionell geführter Umgang mit Change-Prozessen zu den Wesensmerkmalen erfolgreicher Unternehmen im 21. Jahrhundert und zu den größten Herausforderungen in der Arbeit von Führungskräften. Einer der weltweit renommiertesten Experten auf diesem Gebiet hat basierend auf seinen Erfahrungen aus Forschung und Praxis einen visionären Text geschrieben, der zugleich inspirierend und gefüllt ist mit bedeutenden Implikationen für das Change-Management. Leading Change zeigt Ihnen, wie Sie Wandlungsprozesse in Unternehmen konsequent führen. Beginnend mit den Gründen, warum viele Unternehmen an Change-Prozessen scheitern, wird im Anschluss ein Acht-Stufen-Plan entwickelt, der Ihnen hilft, pragmatisch einen erfolgreichen Wandel zu gestalten. Wenn Sie wissen möchten, warum Ihre letzte Change-Initiative scheiterte, dann lesen Sie dieses Buch am besten gleich, sodass Ihr nächstes Projekt von Erfolg gekrönt wird. Ralf Dobelli, Leading Change is simply the best single work I have seen on strategy implementation. William C. Finnie, Editor-in-Chief Strategy & Leadership Leading Change ist ein weltweiter, zeitloser Bestseller. Werner Seidenschwarz, Seidenschwarz & Comp.

Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health


Author: Sven E. Jorgensen,Fu-Liu Xu,Robert Costanza

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780203490181

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 464

View: 7962

The field of ecosystem health explores the interactions between natural systems, human health, and social organization. As decision makers require a sound, modular approach to environmental management and sustainable development, ecosystem health assessment indicators are increasingly used across any number of applications. The Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health provides a comprehensive account and guidebook to ecological indicators for evaluating the health of a wide variety of ecosystems. The book presents a conceptual framework for selecting, evaluating, and validating ecological indicators of ecosystem health, such as thermodynamics, resilience estimates, exergy, and emergy indicators. This framework is applied in a series of chapters on major ecosystem types, including coastal areas, forests, wetlands, fisheries, and agricultural land. The authors take into account biodiversity, energy needs, ecological economics, and natural capital in their measurement of ecological health. Using material synthesized from a variety of books, journals, and private research, the book presents first-hand accounts of the indicators, used in several different types of ecosystems. Case studies highlight the advantages and disadvantages of each method as well. The Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health explains what is needed to apply the methods and indicators, including theoretical background and modeling techniques, to evaluate the state of a given ecosystem. It will be useful for a wide range of environmental managers, natural resource managers, land use planners, and policy makers in government and non-governmental organizations worldwide.