Death Squad

The Anthropology of State Terror

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Author: Jeffrey A. Sluka

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812200489

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 3404

"There is real personal danger for anthropologists who dare to speak and write against terror; by doing so, they potentially and sometimes actually bring the terror down on themselves."—Jeffrey A. Sluka, from the Introduction Death Squad is the first work to focus specifically on the anthropology of state terror. It brings together an international group of anthropologists who have done extensive research in areas marked by extreme forms of state violence and who have studied state terror from the perspective of victims and survivors. The book presents eight case studies from seven countries—Spain, India (Punjab and Kashmir), Argentina, Guatemala, Northern Ireland, Indonesia, and the Philippines—to demonstrate the cultural complexities and ambiguities of terror when viewed at the local level and from the participants' point of view. Contributors deal with such topics as the role of Loyalist death squads in the culture of terror in Northern Ireland, the three-tier mechanism of state terror in Indonesia, the complex role of religion in violence by both the state and insurgents in Punjab and Kashmir, and the ways in which "disappearances" are used to destabilize and demoralize opponents of the state in Argentina, Guatemala, and India.

Handbuch für die gefährlichsten Orte der Welt

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Author: Rosie Garthwaite

Publisher: ebook Berlin Verlag

ISBN: 3827074843

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 4508

Rosie Garthwaite berichtet seit Jahren aus Krisengebieten und hat nun genaudas Buch geschrieben, das sie zu Beginn ihrer Karriere gern gehabt hätte: eine Sammlung von Geschichten und Ratschlägen erfahrener Kollegen. In diesem Handbuch berichten die Autorin und über dreißig weitere Reporter, Filmemacher und NGO-Mitarbeiter von fatalen Fehlern im Kampfgebiet, gefährlichen Missverständnissen im Umgang mit irakischen Milizen oder den Unwägbarkeiten des afghanischen Humors. Darunter so namhafte Experten wie Al-Jazeera-Geschäftsführer Wadah Khanfar, renommierte BBC- und Times-Korrespondenten, aber auch Bestsellerautor Sebastian Junger (Der Sturm). Ein hochspannendes Survival-Kit für die Brandherde dieser Welt.Alle medizinischen Informationen wurden von Médecins Sans Frontières/Ärzte ohne Grenzen e. V. überprüft - einer der renommiertesten Nothilfeorganisationen, die seit 1971 in Kriegsgebieten oder nach Naturkatastrophen weltweit hilft, Leid und Not zu lindern. Dreißig Prozent der Tantiemen des Buches gehen an Ärzte ohne Grenzen e. V.

Beobachtungen der Moderne

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Author: Niklas Luhmann

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322936171

Category: Social Science

Page: 220

View: 4353

Die Proklamation der "Postmoderne" hatte mindestens ein Verdienst. Sie hat bekannt gemacht, daß die moderne Gesellschaft das Vertrauen in die Richtigkeit ihrer eigenen Selbstbeschreibungen verloren hat. Vielleicht hatte das Stichwort der Postmoderne nur eine andere, variantenreichere Beschreibung der Moderne versprechen wollen, die ihre eigene Einheit nur noch negativ vorstellen kann als Unmöglichkeit eines métarécit. Wir mögen gern konzedieren, daß es keine verbindliche Repräsentation der Gesellschaft in der Gesellschaft gibt. Aber das wäre dann nicht das Ende, sondern der Beginn einer Reflexion der Form von Selbstbeobachtungen und Selbstbeschreibungen eines Systems, die im System selbst vorgeschlagen und durchgesetzt werden müssen in einem Prozeß, der seinerseits wieder beobachtet und beschrieben wird.Die hier publizierten Texte gehen von der Überzeugung aus, daß darüber etwas ausgesagt werden kann, ja, daß Theoriematerialien schon verfügbar sind, die nur auf dieses Thema der Beobachtungen der Moderne hingeführt werden müssen.

The Ashgate Research Companion to Anthropology

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Author: Andrew J. Strathern

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317044118

Category: Social Science

Page: 440

View: 7812

This companion provides an indispensable overview of contemporary and classical issues in social and cultural anthropology. Although anthropology has expanded greatly over time in terms of the diversity of topics in which its practitioners engage, many of the broad themes and topics at the heart of anthropological thought remain perennially vital, such as understanding order and change, diversity and continuity, and conflict and co-operation in the reproduction of social life. Bringing together leading scholars in the field, the contributors to this volume provide us with thoughtful and fruitful ways of thinking about a number of contemporary and long-standing arenas of work where both established and more recent researchers are engaged. The companion begins by exploring classic topics such as Religion; Rituals; Language and Culture; Violence; and Gender. This is followed by a focus on current developments within the discipline including Human Rights; Globalization; and Diasporas and Cosmopolitanism. It provides an interesting and challenging look at the state of current thinking in anthropology, serving as a rich resource for scholars and students alike.

Guter Moslem, böser Moslem

Amerika und die Wurzeln des Terrors

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Author: Mahmood Mamdani

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783894014759

Category: Afghanistan

Page: 317

View: 7551

"Der in Uganda geborene Sohn indischer Einwanderer, heute Professor an der Columbia Universität in New York, schreibt über religiösen Fundamentalismus und seine politischen Auswirkungen. Er wendet sich gegen die Vorstellung vom "Clash of civilizations" zwischen dem Islam und dem Westen und schildert, wie die "Achse des Bösen" aus den von den US-Amerikanern geförderten antikommunistischen Stellvertreterkriegen nach der Niederlage in Vietnam entstand. In diesem Buch-protegiert von Edward Said-zeigt sich Mamdani als leidenschaftlicher Häretiker."

Ethnographic Fieldwork

An Anthology

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Author: Antonius C. G. M. Robben,Jeffrey A. Sluka

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405125932

Category: Social Science

Page: 632

View: 7631

Ethnographic Fieldwork: An Anthropological Reader provides a comprehensive selection of classic and contemporary reflections, examining the tensions between self and other, the relationships between anthropologists and informants, conflicts and ethical challenges, various types of ethnographic research, and different styles of writing about fieldwork. Discusses fieldwork in general, as opposed to its formal methods Presents a good sense of the historical and conceptual development of fieldwork as the predominant methodological approach of social and cultural anthropology Includes introductory chapter and 38 leading articles on ethnographic fieldwork in cultural anthropology, organized around ten themes – Beginnings; Fieldwork Identity; Fieldwork Relations and Rapport; The Other Talks Back; Conflicts, Hazards, and Dangers in Fieldwork; Ethics; Multi-Sited Fieldwork; Sensorial Fieldwork; Reflexive Ethnography; and Fictive Fieldwork and Fieldwork Novels.

Virtual War and Magical Death

Technologies and Imaginaries for Terror and Killing

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Author: Neil L. Whitehead,Sverker Finnström

Publisher: Duke University Press

ISBN: 082237904X

Category: Social Science

Page: 304

View: 9891

Virtual War and Magical Death is a provocative examination of the relations between anthropology and contemporary global war. Several arguments unite the collected essays, which are based on ethnographic research in varied locations, including Guatemala, Uganda, and Tanzania, as well as Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iraq, and the United States. Foremost is the contention that modern high-tech warfare—as it is practiced and represented by the military, the media, and civilians—is analogous to rituals of magic and sorcery. Technologies of "virtual warfare," such as high-altitude bombing, remote drone attacks, night-vision goggles, and even music videoes and computer games that simulate battle, reproduce the imaginative worlds and subjective experiences of witchcraft, magic, and assault sorcery long studied by cultural anthropologists. Another significant focus of the collection is the U.S. military's exploitation of ethnographic research, particularly through its controversial Human Terrain Systems (HTS) Program, which embeds anthropologists as cultural experts in military units. Several pieces address the ethical dilemmas that HTS and other counterinsurgency projects pose for anthropologists. Other essays reveal the relatively small scale of those programs in relation to the military's broader use of, and ambitions for, social scientific data. Contributors. Robertson Allen, Brian Ferguson, Sverker Finnström, Roberto J. González, David H. Price, Antonius Robben, Victoria Sanford, Jeffrey Sluka, Koen Stroeken, Matthew Sumera, Neil L. Whitehead

A Companion to Moral Anthropology

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Author: Didier Fassin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118290585

Category: Social Science

Page: 664

View: 1077

A Companion to Moral Anthropology is the first collective consideration of the anthropological dimensions of morals, morality, and ethics. Original essays by international experts explore the various currents, approaches, and issues in this important new discipline, examining topics such as the ethnography of moralities, the study of moral subjectivities, and the exploration of moral economies. Investigates the central legacies of moral anthropology, the formation of moral facts and values, the context of local moralities, and the frontiers between moralities, politics, humanitarianism Features contributions from pioneers in the field of moral anthropology, as well as international experts in related fields such as moral philosophy, moral psychology, evolutionary biology and neuroethics

Karaoke Fascism

Burma and the Politics of Fear

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Author: Monique Skidmore

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 081220476X

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 3462

To come to Burma, one of the few places where despotism still dominates, is to take both a physical and an emotional journey and, like most Burmese, to become caught up in the daily management of fear. Based on Monique Skidmore's experiences living in the capital city of Rangoon, Karaoke Fascism is the first ethnography of fear in Burma and provides a sobering look at the psychological strategies employed by the Burmese people in order to survive under a military dictatorship that seeks to invade and dominate every aspect of life. Skidmore looks at the psychology and politics of fear under the SLORC and SPDC regimes. Encompassing the period of antijunta student street protests, her work describes a project of authoritarian modernity, where Burmese people are conscripted as army porters and must attend mass rallies, chant slogans, construct roads, and engage in other forms of forced labor. In a harrowing portrayal of life deep within an authoritarian state, recovering heroin addicts, psychiatric patients, girl prostitutes, and poor and vulnerable women in forcibly relocated townships speak about fear, hope, and their ongoing resistance to four decades of oppression. "Karaoke fascism" is a term the author uses to describe the layers of conformity that Burmese people present to each other and, more important, to the military regime. This complex veneer rests on resistance, collaboration, and complicity, and describes not only the Burmese form of oppression but also the Burmese response to a life of domination. Providing an inside look at the madness and the militarization of the city, Skidmore argues that the weight of fear, the anxiety of constant vulnerability, and the numbing demands of the State upon individuals force Burmese people to cast themselves as automata; they deliberately present lifeless hollow bodies for the State's use, while their minds reach out into the cosmos for an array of alternate realities. Skidmore raises ethical and methodological questions about conducting research on fear when doing so evokes the very emotion in question, in both researcher and informant.

Die Konkurrenz der Opfer

Genozid, Identität und Anerkennung

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Author: Jean-Michel Chaumont

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783934920057

Category: Genocide

Page: 359

View: 1374

Violence

Ethnographic Encounters

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Author: Parvis Ghassem-Fachandi

Publisher: Berg

ISBN: 1847886256

Category: Social Science

Page: 176

View: 1993

Violence takes many forms. From large-scale acts of terrorism to assaults on single individuals, violence is a defining force in shaping human experience and a central theme in anthropological study. Violence: Ethnographic Encounters presents a set of vivid first-hand accounts of fieldwork experiences of violence. The examples range across Latin America, Asia, the Middle East and Africa, and illustrate instances of state terror, insurgency, communal violence, war, prison violence, class conflict, security measures, and sexual violence. How do these anthropologists come to know a place through such violent experience? Why do they not leave such scenes? What insights follow from such experience? Violence: Ethnographic Encounters offers readers a broad anthropological study of violence through personal encounters.

Nato-Geheimarmeen in Europa

Inszenierter Terror und verdeckte Kriegsführung

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Author: Daniele Ganser,Carsten Roth

Publisher: Orell Füssli Verlag

ISBN: 328003860X

Category: Political Science

Page: 446

View: 9639

Dieses Buch zeichnet ein erschreckendes Bild: Ein durch die NATO und die militärischen Geheimdienste koordiniertes Netzwerk von Geheimarmeen war bis zum Auseinanderfall der Sowjetunion in mehreren westeuropäischen Ländern in schwere Verbrechen verwickelt, darunter Mord, Folter, Staatsstreich und Terror. Daniele Ganser ist in seiner mehrjährigen Forschungsarbeit auf brisante Dokumente gestoßen: Sie belegen, dass die von den USA angeführte Militärallianz nach dem Zweiten Weltkrieg in allen Ländern Westeuropas geheime Armeen aufgebaut hat, welche von den Geheimdiensten CIA und MI6 trainiert wurden. Ihr Ziel: im Falle einer sowjetischen Invasion als Guerilla zu kämpfen, um die besetzten Länder wieder zu befreien. Doch dabei ist es nicht geblieben. Gezielt wurden Attentate gegen die eigene Bevölkerung ausgeführt, um Unsicherheit zu erzeugen und den Ruf nach einem starken Staat zu unterstützen. Sowohl die ursprüngliche Planung als auch die antikommunistisch motivierten Verbrechen sind heute der Öffentlichkeit noch weitgehend unbekannt.

Die Pest der Phantasmen

die Effizienz des Phantasmatischen in den neuen Medien

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Author: Slavoj Žižek

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783851653847

Category: Cyberspace

Page: 201

View: 5573

American Anthropologist

Organ of the American Anthropological Association and Affiliated Societies

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Author: American Anthropological Association

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 2245