Death and Dying in Contemporary Japan

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Author: Hikaru Suzuki

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415631904

Category: Social Science

Page: 240

View: 3934

This book, based on extensive original research, explores the various ways in which Japanese people think about death and how they approach the process of dying and death. It shows how new forms of funeral ceremonies have been developed by the funeral industry, how traditional grave burial is being replaced in some cases by the scattering of ashes and forest mortuary ritual, and how Japanese thinking on relationships, the value of life, and the afterlife are changing. Throughout, it assesses how these changes reflect changing social structures and social values.

Japanese Tree Burial

Ecology, Kinship and the Culture of Death

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Author: Sébastien Penmellen Boret

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317912446

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 3021

Tree burial, a new form of disposal for the cremated remains of the dead, was created in 1999 by Chisaka Genpo, the head priest of a Zen Buddhist temple in northern Japan. Instead of a conventional family gravestone, perpetuating the continuity of a household and its identity, tree burial uses vast woodlands as cemeteries, with each burial spot marked by a tree and a small wooden tablet inscribed with the name of the deceased. Tree burial is gaining popularity, and is a highly-effective means of promoting the rehabilitation of Japanese forestland critically damaged by post-war government mismanagement. This book, based on extensive original research, explores the phenomenon of tree burial, tracing its development, discussing the factors which motivate Japanese people to choose tree burial, and examining the impact of tree burial on traditional views of death, memorialisation, and the afterlife. The author argues that non-traditional, non-ancestral modes of burial have become a means of negotiating new social orders and that this symbiosis of environmentalism and memorialisation corroborates the idea that graveyards are not only places for the containment of human remains and the memorialisation of the dead, but spaces where people (re)construct, challenge, and find new senses of belonging to the wider society in which they live. Throughout, the book demonstrates how the new practice fits with developing ideas of ecology, with the individual’s corporality nourishing the earth and thus re-entering the cycle of life in nature.

Double Exposure

Memory and Photography

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Author: Olga Shevchenko

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351521675

Category: Social Science

Page: 252

View: 619

Over the past decade, historians and sociologists have increasingly used visual materials, in particular photographs, in their work. This volume brings together historians, sociologists, anthropologists, and media and visual scholars to articulate how photography, as a practice and as a visual medium, can provide insights into national memory, collective identities, and the historical imagination. This collection allows the reader to trace parallel conceptual developments occurring in the sociology and anthropology of memory and in the history and theory of photography, and to illustrate the unique "angles of vision" these disciplines offer. Photographic images commonly accompany historical accounts, from documentaries to family scrapbooks, and since the early days of commercial photography, pictures have been viewed as tools to capture memories. Later critical writing has challenged this equation by inverting it: photos, along with other archival practices, were often viewed as falling short of their supposed function as vessels of memory and at times even denounced as devices that distorted memories. How does photography participate in the formation and maintenance of collective identities and shared memory discourses, from the family to the nation? Furthermore, how can we begin to conceptualize photography's effects on the historical imagination of individuals and groups? Double Exposure endeavors to answer these questions by calling attention to the variety of contexts in which images circulate and to the narratives from which they spring and which they, in turn, shape. This is the latest volume in Transaction's Memory and Narrative series.

Abandoned Japanese in Postwar Manchuria

The Lives of War Orphans and Wives in Two Countries

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Author: Yeeshan Chan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136883894

Category: Social Science

Page: 208

View: 317

This book relates the experiences of the zanryu-hojin - the Japanese civilians, mostly women and children, who were abandoned in Manchuria after the end of the Second World War when Japan’s puppet state in Manchuria ended, and when most Japanese who has been based there returned to Japan. Many zanryu-hojin survived in Chinese peasant families, often as wives or adopted children; the Chinese government estimated that there were around 13,000 survivors in 1959, at the time when over 30,000 "missing" people were deleted from Japanese family registers as" war dead". Since 1972 the zanryu-hojin have been gradually repatriated to Japan, often along with several generations of their extended Chinese families, the group in Japan now numbering around 100,000 people. Besides outlining the zanryu-hojin’s experiences, the book explores the related issues of war memories and war guilt which resurfaced during the 1980s, the more recent court case brought by zanryu-hojin against the Japanese government in which they accuse the Japanese government of abandoning them, and the impact on the towns in northeast China from which the zanryu-hojin were repatriated and which now benefit hugely from overseas remittances from their former residents. Overall, the book deepens our understanding of Japanese society and its anti-war social movements, besides providing vivid and colourful sketches of individuals’ worldviews, motivations, behaviours, strategies and difficulties.

ABPR

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Books

Page: N.A

View: 7929

TransArea

Eine literarische Globalisierungsgeschichte

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Author: Ottmar Ette

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 311028720X

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 344

View: 7974

This volume takes the view that globalization is not a recent phenomenon, but instead an enduring process, marked by four periods of accelerated change. The Early Modern period in European historiography is linked to our present experience of globalization by way of the diverse global trends that took place during the Age of Modernity. The literatures of the world provide a visceral understanding of what can only be understood from the perspectives of multiple logics – namely, the life of our planet and its inhabitants. The wisdom of literature cannot be replaced by any other kind of knowledge: it is life’s wisdom about life.

Jenseits von Natur und Kultur

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Author: Philippe Descola

Publisher: Suhrkamp Verlag

ISBN: 3518768409

Category: Social Science

Page: 638

View: 2175

Seit der Zeit der Renaissance ist unser Weltbild von einer zentralen Unterscheidung bestimmt: der zwischen Natur und Kultur. Dort die von Naturgesetzen regierte, unpersönliche Welt der Tiere und Dinge, hier die Menschenwelt mit ihrer individuellen und kulturellen Vielfalt. Diese fundamentale Trennung beherrscht unser ganzes Denken und Handeln. In seinem faszinierenden Buch zeigt der große französische Anthropologe und Schüler von Claude Lévi-Strauss, Philippe Descola, daß diese Kosmologie alles andere als selbstverständlich ist. Dabei stützt er sich auf reiches Material aus zum Teil eigenen anthropologischen Feldforschungen bei Naturvölkern und indigenen Kulturen in Afrika, Amazonien, Neuguinea oder Sibirien. Descola führt uns vor Augen, daß deren Weltbilder ganz andersartig aufgebaut sind als das unsere mit seinen »zwei Etagen« von Natur und Kultur. So betrachten manche Kulturen Dinge als beseelt oder glauben, daß verwandtschaftliche Beziehungen zwischen Tieren und Menschen bestehen. Descola plädiert für eine monistische Anthropologie und entwirft eine Typologie unterschiedlichster Weltbilder. Auf diesem Wege lassen sich neben dem westlichen dualistischen Naturalismus totemistische, animistische oder analogistische Kosmologien entdecken. Eine fesselnde Reise in fremde Welten, die uns unsere eigene mit anderen Augen sehen läßt.

Der kleine Hobbit

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Author: J. R. R. Tolkien

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783423213936

Category: Baggins, Bilbo (Fictitious character)

Page: 333

View: 9069

Die aufregenden Abenteuer des Hobbits Bilbo Beutlin, der Feen und Riesenspinnen begegnet, einem gefährlichen Drachen auflauert und mit Unterstützung des fähigen Zauberers Gandalf den geraubten Schatz der Zwerge rettet.

Theater über Ozeane

Vermittler transatlantischen Austauschs (1890–1925)

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Author: Nic Leonhardt

Publisher: Vandenhoeck & Ruprecht

ISBN: 3847008056

Category: History

Page: 341

View: 5427

Sei es Artistik, Oper, Tanz, Schauspiel, Musical, Comedy oder Drama: die internationale Theaterszene im späten 19. und frühen 20. Jahrhundert wurde stark durch professionelle, international tätige Vermittler (Agenten, Broker) gesteuert. Dieser Band betritt die infrastrukturellen »Hinterbühnen« globaler kultureller Mobilität im Zeitraum von 1890 bis 1925. Diskursiv verortet sich die Studie im Forschungsfeld der Globalgeschichte und -theorie. Der gewählte geographische Fokus ist ein transatlantischer, begründet durch den regen Austausch zwischen Europa und Nord- sowie Südamerika. Die enorme Handlungsmacht der Vermittler im fokussierten Zeitraum wurde bisher kaum wissenschaftlich erforscht. Am Beispiel ausgewählter Agentinnen und Agenten erörtert die Autorin Professionalisierung und Praktiken künstlerischer transatlantischer Vermittlung. Artistic performances, opera, dance, acting, musical, comedy or drama: the international theatre scene in the late 19th and early 20th century was strongly controlled by professional and international operating agents and brokers. This volume focuses on the infrastructural “backstages” of global cultural mobility from 1890 to 1925. From a discoursive perspective the study is located in the study field of global history and theory. Due to the strong exchange between Europe and North and South America a transatlantic geographical focus has been selected. The enormous power of the agents during this time has merely been analysed yet. The author explains professionalisation and methods of artistic transatlantic agencies from the example of selected agents.

Kultur all inclusive

Identität, Tradition und Kulturerbe im Zeitalter des Massentourismus

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Author: Burkhard Schnepel,Felix Girke,Eva-Maria Knoll

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 383942089X

Category: Social Science

Page: 350

View: 4229

Wie ist es um das Verhältnis zwischen modernem Massentourismus und den unterschiedlichen Spielarten von »Kulturerbe« bestellt? Wo Einheimische und Touristen aufeinandertreffen, verändern materielles wie immaterielles Kulturerbe - ja oft sogar Ethnizität und sozio-kulturelle Identität - ihre Ausdrucksformen und Bedeutungsinhalte. Vielfach entsteht Kulturerbe - oder das, was als solches verstanden und (an-)erkannt wird - in der touristischen Arena erst neu. Das Hauptinteresse des Buchs gilt dieser generativen Dynamik, in der Kulturerbe selektiert, präsentiert, produziert und kommodifiziert wird.