Curves and Singularities

A Geometrical Introduction to Singularity Theory

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Author: James William Bruce,P. J. Giblin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521429993

Category: Mathematics

Page: 321

View: 6691

The differential geometry of curves and surfaces in Euclidean space has fascinated mathematicians since the time of Newton. Here the authors take a novel approach by casting the theory into a new light, that of singularity theory. The second edition of this successful textbook has been thoroughly revised throughout and includes a multitude of new exercises and examples. A new final chapter has been added that covers recently developed techniques in the classification of functions of several variables, a subject central to many applications of singularity theory. Also in this second edition are new sections on the Morse lemma and the classification of plane curve singularities. The only prerequisites for students to follow this textbook are a familiarity with linear algebra and advanced calculus. Thus it will be invaluable for anyone who would like an introduction to the modern theories of catastrophes and singularities.

Real and Complex Singularities

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Author: Ana Claudia Nabarro,Juan J. Nuño-Ballesteros,Raúl Oset Sinha,Maria Aparecida Soares Ruas

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 1470422050

Category: Differential geometry -- Classical differential geometry -- Classical differential geometry

Page: 355

View: 9542

This volume is a collection of papers presented at the XIII International Workshop on Real and Complex Singularities, held from July 27–August 8, 2014, in São Carlos, Brazil, in honor of María del Carmen Romero Fuster's 60th birthday. The volume contains the notes from two mini-courses taught during the workshop: on intersection homology by J.-P. Brasselet, and on non-isolated hypersurface singularities and Lê cycles by D. Massey. The remaining contributions are research articles which cover topics from the foundations of singularity theory (including classification theory and invariants) to topology of singular spaces (links of singularities and semi-algebraic sets), as well as applications to topology (cobordism and Lefschetz fibrations), dynamical systems (Morse-Bott functions) and differential geometry (affine geometry, Gauss-maps, caustics, frontals and non-Euclidean geometries). This book is published in cooperation with Real Sociedad Matemática Española (RSME)

Topics on Real and Complex Singularities

Proceedings of the 4th Japanese–Australian Workshop (JARCS4)

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Author: Satoshi Koike,Toshizumi Fukui,Laurentiu Paunescu,Adam Harris,Alexander Isaev

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814596051

Category: Mathematics

Page: 212

View: 8986

A phenomenon which appears in nature, or human behavior, can sometimes be explained by saying that a certain potential function is maximized, or minimized. For example, the Hamiltonian mechanics, soapy films, size of an atom, business management, etc. In mathematics, a point where a given function attains an extreme value is called a critical point, or a singular point. The purpose of singularity theory is to explore the properties of singular points of functions and mappings. This is a volume on the proceedings of the fourth Japanese–Australian Workshop on Real and Complex Singularities held in Kobe, Japan. It consists of 11 original articles on singularities. Readers will be introduced to some important new notions for characterizations of singularities and several interesting results are delivered. In addition, current approaches to classical topics and state-of-the-art effective computational methods of invariants of singularities are also presented. This volume will be useful not only to the singularity theory specialists but also to general mathematicians. Contents:On the CR Hamiltonian Flows and CR Yamabe Problem (T Akahori)An Example of the Reduction of a Single Ordinary Differential Equation to a System, and the Restricted Fuchsian Relation (K Ando)Fronts of Weighted Cones (T Fukui and M Hasegawa)Involutive Deformations of the Regular Part of a Normal Surface (A Harris and K Miyajima)Connected Components of Regular Fibers of Differentiable Maps (J T Hiratuka and O Saeki)The Reconstruction and Recognition Problems for Homogeneous Hypersurface Singularities (A V Isaev)Openings of Differentiable Map-Germs and Unfoldings (G Ishikawa)Non Concentration of Curvature near Singular Points of Two Variable Analytic Functions (S Koike, T-C Kuo and L Paunescu)Saito Free Divisors in Four Dimensional Affine Space and Reflection Groups of Rank Four (J Sekiguchi)Holonomic Systems of Differential Equations of Rank Two with Singularities along Saito Free Divisors of Simple Type (J Sekiguchi)Parametric Local Cohomology Classes and Tjurina Stratifications for μ-Constant Deformations of Quasi-Homogeneous Singularities (S Tajima) Readership: Mathematicians in singularity theory or in adjacent areas; advanced undergraduates and graduate students in mathematics; non-experts interested in singularity theory and its applications. Key Features:Contains applications of the singularity theory to other mathematical fieldsNew topics in singularity theory, e.g. the relationship between free divisors and holonomic systems, openings of differentiable map-germs, non-concentration of curvatureIncludes articles by prize-winning researchers like Kimio Miyajima and Osamu SaekiKeywords:Singularities;CR Structure;Deformation Theory;Free Divisor;Concentration of Curvature;Holonomic System;Front;Opening

Singular Points of Plane Curves

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Author: C. T. C. Wall

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521547741

Category: Mathematics

Page: 370

View: 2002

Even the simplest singularities of planar curves, e.g. where the curve crosses itself, or where it forms a cusp, are best understood in terms of complex numbers. The full treatment uses techniques from algebra, algebraic geometry, complex analysis and topology and makes an attractive chapter of mathematics, which can be used as an introduction to any of these topics, or to singularity theory in higher dimensions. This book is designed as an introduction for graduate students and draws on the author's experience of teaching MSc courses; moreover, by synthesising different perspectives, he gives a novel view of the subject, and a number of new results.

Introduction to Singularities and Deformations

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Author: Gert-Martin Greuel,Christoph Lossen,Eugenii I. Shustin

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540284192

Category: Mathematics

Page: 472

View: 5702

Singularity theory is a young, rapidly-growing topic with connections to algebraic geometry, complex analysis, commutative algebra, representations theory, Lie groups theory and topology, and many applications in the natural and technical sciences. This book presents the basic singularity theory of analytic spaces, including local deformation theory and the theory of plane curve singularities. It includes complete proofs.

Singularities in Geometry and Topology

Proceedings of the Trieste Singularity Summer School and Workshop, ICTP, Trieste, Italy, 15 August - 3 September 2005

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Author: Jean-Paul Brasselet

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812700226

Category: Mathematics

Page: 902

View: 2462

Singularity theory appears in numerous branches of mathematics, as well as in many emerging areas such as robotics, control theory, imaging, and various evolving areas in physics. The purpose of this proceedings volume is to cover recent developments in singularity theory and to introduce young researchers from developing countries to singularities in geometry and topology.The contributions discuss singularities in both complex and real geometry. As such, they provide a natural continuation of the previous school on singularities held at ICTP (1991), which is recognized as having had a major influence in the field.

Ebene algebraische Kurven

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Author: Egbert Brieskorn,Horst Knörrer

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Mathematics

Page: 964

View: 9440

Nonlinear Computational Geometry

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Author: Ioannis Z. Emiris,Frank Sottile,Thorsten Theobald

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1441909990

Category: Mathematics

Page: 239

View: 9159

An original motivation for algebraic geometry was to understand curves and surfaces in three dimensions. Recent theoretical and technological advances in areas such as robotics, computer vision, computer-aided geometric design and molecular biology, together with the increased availability of computational resources, have brought these original questions once more into the forefront of research. One particular challenge is to combine applicable methods from algebraic geometry with proven techniques from piecewise-linear computational geometry (such as Voronoi diagrams and hyperplane arrangements) to develop tools for treating curved objects. These research efforts may be summarized under the term nonlinear computational geometry. This volume grew out of an IMA workshop on Nonlinear Computational Geometry in May/June 2007 (organized by I.Z. Emiris, R. Goldman, F. Sottile, T. Theobald) which gathered leading experts in this emerging field. The research and expository articles in the volume are intended to provide an overview of nonlinear computational geometry. Since the topic involves computational geometry, algebraic geometry, and geometric modeling, the volume has contributions from all of these areas. By addressing a broad range of issues from purely theoretical and algorithmic problems, to implementation and practical applications this volume conveys the spirit of the IMA workshop.

Algebraic Geometry and Singularities

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Author: Antonio Campillo Lopez,Luis Narvaez Macarro

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783764353346

Category: Mathematics

Page: 407

View: 996

The volume contains both general and research papers. Among the first ones are papers showing recent and original developments or methods in subjects such as resolution of singularities, D-module theory, singularities of maps and geometry of curves. The research papers deal on topics related to, or close to, those listed_above. The contributions are organized in three parts according to their contents. Part I presents a set of papers on resolution of singularities, a topic of renewed activity. It deals with important topics of current interest, such as canonical, algorithmic, combinatorial and graphical procedures (Villamayor, Oka, Marijmin), as well as special results on desingularization in characteristic p (Cossart, Moh), and connections between resolution and structure of the space of arcs through a singularity (Gonz81ez-Sprinberg-Lejeune-Jalabert). Part II contains a series of papers on the study~of singularities and its connections with differential systems and deformation or perturbation theo­ ries. Two expository papers (Maisonobe-Briam;on, :'vlebkhout) describe, in an algebro-geometric way, the interaction between singularities and D-module t.he­ ory including recent progress on Bernstein polynomials and Newton polygon techniques. Geometry of foliations (Henaut, Garcfa-Reguera), polar varieties and stratifications (Hajto) are also topics treated here. Two other papers (Wall, Greuel-Pfister) deal with quasihomogeneous singularities in the contexts of per­ turbations and moduli spaces. Globalization of deformations of singularities (de Jong) and determination of complex topology from the real one (~10nd) com­ plete this series of papers. Part III consists of papers on algebraic geometry of curves and surfaces.

International Conference on Shape Modeling and Applications

Proceedings : Genova, Italy, May 7-11, 2001

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Author: N.A

Publisher: IEEE

ISBN: 9780769508535

Category: Computers

Page: 367

View: 3675

This proceedings volume includes papers presented at the third International Conference on Shape Modeling and Applications in Genova, Italy, May, 2001. Thirty-one contributions focus on implicit modeling, subdivision techniques, topological modeling, shape similarity, and surface modeling. Coverage

Singularities

The Brieskorn Anniversary Volume

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Author: Vladimir I. Arnold,Gert-Martin Greuel,Joseph H.M. Steenbrink

Publisher: Birkhäuser

ISBN: 3034887701

Category: Mathematics

Page: 488

View: 8693

In July 1996, a conference was organized by the editors of this volume at the Mathematische Forschungsinstitut Oberwolfach to honour Egbert Brieskorn on the occasion of his 60th birthday. Most of the mathematicians invited to the conference have been influenced in one way or another by Brieskorn's work in singularity theory. It was the first time that so many people from the Russian school could be present at a conference in singularity theory outside Russia. This volume contains papers on singularity theory and its applications, written by participants of the conference. In many cases, they are extended versions of the talks presented there. The diversity of subjects of the contributions reflects singularity theory's relevance to topology, analysis and geometry, combining ideas and techniques from all of these fields, as well as demonstrating the breadth of Brieskorn's own interests. This volume contains papers on singularity theory and its applications, written by participants of the conference. In many cases, they are extended versions of the talks presented there. The diversity of subjects of the contributions reflects singularity theory's relevance to topology, analysis and geometry, combining ideas and techniques from all of these fields, as well as demonstrates the breadth of Brieskorn's own interests.

Singularities

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Author: Unité de recherche associée au CNRS' Geometry, Analysis, and Topology

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521466318

Category: Mathematics

Page: 419

View: 5329

This book contains papers given at the International Singularity Conference held in 1991 at Lille.

Resolution of Singularities

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Author: Steven Dale Cutkosky

Publisher: American Mathematical Soc.

ISBN: 0821835556

Category: Mathematics

Page: 186

View: 4449

The notion of singularity is basic to mathematics. In algebraic geometry, the resolution of singularities by simple algebraic mappings is truly a fundamental problem. It has a complete solution in characteristic zero and partial solutions in arbitrary characteristic. The resolution of singularities in characteristic zero is a key result used in many subjects besides algebraic geometry, such as differential equations, dynamical systems, number theory, the theory of $\mathcal{D}$-modules, topology, and mathematical physics. This book is a rigorous, but instructional, look at resolutions. A simplified proof, based on canonical resolutions, is given for characteristic zero. There are several proofs given for resolution of curves and surfaces in characteristic zero and arbitrary characteristic. Besides explaining the tools needed for understanding resolutions, Cutkosky explains the history and ideas, providing valuable insight and intuition for the novice (or expert). There are many examples and exercises throughout the text. The book is suitable for a second course on an exciting topic in algebraic geometry. A core course on resolutions is contained in Chapters 2 through 6. Additional topics are covered in the final chapters. The prerequisite is a course covering the basic notions of schemes and sheaves.

Real and Complex Singularities

Proceedings of the Australian-Japanese Workshop, University of Sydney, Australia, 5-8 September, 2005

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Author: Laurentiu Paunescu

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812705511

Category: Science

Page: 459

View: 4852

The modern theory of singularities provides a unifying theme that runs through fields of mathematics as diverse as homological algebra and Hamiltonian systems. It is also an important point of reference in the development of a large part of contemporary algebra, geometry and analysis. Presented by internationally recognized experts, the collection of articles in this volume yields a significant cross-section of these developments. The wide range of surveys includes an authoritative treatment of the deformation theory of isolated complex singularities by prize-winning researcher K Miyajima. Graduate students and even ambitious undergraduates in mathematics will find many research ideas in this volume and non-experts in mathematics can have an overview of some classic and fundamental results in singularity theory. The explanations are detailed enough to capture the interest of the curious reader, and complete enough to provide the necessary background material needed to go further into the subject and explore the research literature.

Visual Motion of Curves and Surfaces

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Author: Roberto Cipolla,Peter Giblin

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521632515

Category: Computers

Page: 184

View: 9393

Computer vision aims to detect and reconstruct features of surfaces from the images produced by cameras, in some way mimicking the way in which humans reconstruct features of the world around them by using their eyes. In this book the authors describe research in computer vision aimed at recovering the 3D shape of surfaces from image sequences of their 'outlines'. They provide all the necessary background in differential geometry (assuming knowledge of elementary algebra and calculus) and in the analysis of visual motion, emphasising intuitive visual understanding of the geometric techniques with computer-generated illustrations. They also give a thorough introduction to the mathematical techniques and the details of the implementations and apply the methods to data from real images using the most current techniques.