Culture in Networks

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Author: Paul McLean

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0745687202

Category: Social Science

Page: 264

View: 3882

Today, interest in networks is growing by leaps and bounds, in both scientific discourse and popular culture. Networks are thought to be everywhere – from the architecture of our brains to global transportation systems. And networks are especially ubiquitous in the social world: they provide us with social support, account for the emergence of new trends and markets, and foster social protest, among other functions. Besides, who among us is not familiar with Facebook, Twitter, or, for that matter, World of Warcraft, among the myriad emerging forms of network-based virtual social interaction? It is common to think of networks simply in structural terms – the architecture of connections among objects, or the circuitry of a system. But social networks in particular are thoroughly interwoven with cultural things, in the form of tastes, norms, cultural products, styles of communication, and much more. What exactly flows through the circuitry of social networks? How are people's identities and cultural practices shaped by network structures? And, conversely, how do people's identities, their beliefs about the social world, and the kinds of messages they send affect the network structures they create? This book is designed to help readers think about how and when culture and social networks systematically penetrate one another, helping to shape each other in significant ways.

Routledge Handbook of Cultural Sociology

2nd Edition

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Author: Laura Grindstaff,Ming-Cheng M. Lo,John R. Hall

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351974092

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 688

View: 2762

The thoroughly revised and updated second edition of the Routledge Handbook of Cultural Sociology provides an unparalleled overview of sociological and related scholarship on the complex relations of culture to social structures and everyday life. With 70 essays written by scholars from around the world, the book brings diverse approaches into dialogue, charting new pathways for understanding culture in our global era. Short, accessible chapters by contributing authors address classic questions, emergent issues, and new scholarship on topics ranging from cultural and social theory to politics and the state, social stratification, identity, community, aesthetics, and social and cultural movements. In addition, contributors explore developments central to the constitution and reproduction of culture, such as power, technology, and the organization of work. This handbook is essential reading for undergraduate and postgraduate students interested in a wide range of subfields within sociology, as well as cultural studies, media and communication, and postcolonial theory.

Culture in Mind

Toward a Sociology of Culture and Cognition

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Author: Karen A. Cerulo

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1135956421

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 4323

What is thought and how does one come to study and understand it? How does the mind work? Does cognitive science explain all the mysteries of the brain? This collection of fourteen original essays from some of the top sociologists in the country, including Eviatar Zerubavel, Diane Vaughan, Paul Dimaggio and Gary Alan Fine, among others, opens a dialogue between cognitive science and cultural sociology, encouraging a new network of scientific collaboration and stimulating new lines of social scientific research. Rather than considering thought as just an individual act, Culture in Mind considers it in a social and cultural context. Provocatively, this suggests that our thoughts do not function in a vacuum: our minds are not alone. Covering such diverse topics as the nature of evil, the process of storytelling, defining mental illness, and the conceptualizing of the premature baby, these essays offer fresh insights into the functioning of the mind. Leaving the MRI behind, Culture in Mind will uncover the mysteries of how we think.

Cultures and Societies in a Changing World

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Author: Wendy Griswold

Publisher: Pine Forge Press

ISBN: 1412961262

Category: Social Science

Page: 204

View: 1425

"The author takes a global approach by considering cultural examples from various countries and time periods, be delving into the ways globalization processes are affecting cultures, and by offering an explanation of post-Cold War culture-related conflicts. Readers will develop a deeper appreciation of culture and society from this text, gleaning useful insights that will help them overcome cultural misunderstandings, conflicts, and ignorance and equip them to live their professional and personal lives as effective, wise citizens of the world."--BOOK JACKET.

Culture

Critical Concepts in Sociology

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Author: Chris Jenks

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415226929

Category: Culture

Page: 279

View: 4325

Culture is a concept that has remained on the top of the agenda within the social sciences for two decades. It incites controversy and debate and always appears fresh. This book, updated throughout and with new sections on visual culture, urban culture and subcultures, argues that to understand the concept we need to locate it within traditions of thought and appreciate its political and ideological bases. The book looks at the concept of culture in the context of idealism and materialism, examining its relation to the notion of social structure and assessing its once assumed monopoly within literary study. Culture remains stimulating throughout. A standard reference text for students on sociology and cultural studies courses, this second concise and student-friendly edition offers an overview over the sociology of culture in an accessible format.

Digital Media Sport

Technology, Power and Culture in the Network Society

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Author: Brett Hutchins,David Rowe

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 113410801X

Category: Social Science

Page: 292

View: 2043

Live broadband streaming of the 2008 Beijing Olympics accounted for 2,200 of the estimated 3,600 total hours shown by the American NBC-Universal networks. At the 2012 London Olympics, unprecedented multi-platforming embraced online, mobile devices, game consoles and broadcast television, with the BBC providing 2,500 hours of live coverage, including every competitive event, much in high definition and some in 3D. The BBC also had 12 million requests for video on mobile phones and 9.2 million browsers on its mobile Olympics website and app. This pattern will only intensify at future sport mega events like the 2014 FIFA World Cup and 2016 Summer Olympics, both of which will take place in Brazil. Increasingly, when people talk of the screen that delivers footage of their favorite professional sport, they are describing desktop, laptop, and tablet computer screens as well as television and mobile handsets. Digital Media Sport analyzes the intersecting issues of technological change, market power, and cultural practices that shape the contemporary global sports media landscape. The complexity of these related issues demands an interdisciplinary approach that is adopted here in a series of thematically-organized essays by international scholars working in media studies, Internet studies, sociology, cultural studies, and sport studies. .

The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Sociology

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Author: David Inglis,Anna-Mari Almila

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473958687

Category: Social Science

Page: 636

View: 3794

Cultural sociology - or the sociology of culture - has grown from a minority interest in the 1970s to become one of the largest and most vibrant areas within sociology globally. In The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Sociology, a global range of experts explore the theory, methodology and innovations that make up this ever-expanding field. The Handbook's 40 original chapters have been organised into five thematic sections: Theoretical Paradigms Major Methodological Perspectives Domains of Inquiry Cultural Sociology in Contexts Cultural Sociology and Other Analytical Approaches Both comprehensive and current, The SAGE Handbook of Cultural Sociology will be an essential reference tool for both advanced students and scholars across sociology, cultural studies and media studies.

Culture and Demography in Organizations

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Author: J. Richard Harrison,Glenn Carroll

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691124827

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 269

View: 7526

How do corporations and other organizations transmit their cultures over time? This book grounds its analysis in mathematical tools and computer simulation, and offers a comprehensive answer to this question. It is for students of organization theory and behavior, cultural studies, strategic management, sociology, economics, and social simulation

Science, Culture and Society

Understanding Science in the 21st Century

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Author: Mark Erickson

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 074562975X

Category: Science

Page: 241

View: 8089

In this easily accessible text, Mark Erickson explains what science is and how it is carried out, the nature of the relationship between science and society, the representation of science in contemporary culture, and how scientific institutions are structured.

Culture and Politics in the Information Age

A New Politics?

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Author: Frank Webster

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415246361

Category: Political Science

Page: 231

View: 5232

This volume addresses these key issues through an analysis of important theoretical debates on issues such as digital democracy, cultural politics and transnational communities. Featuring contributors from both sides of the Atlantic, the book contains a series of case studies on new social movements including campaigns on the environment, gender, animal rights and human rights. It combines cutting edge research with theoretical material and makes an important contribution to this highly topical and rapidly growing area. This book will be invaluable reading for students in areas including Politics, Communications and IT, Sociology and Cultural Studies.

Art and Society

Readings in the Sociology of the Arts

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Author: Arnold W. Foster,Judith R. Blau

Publisher: SUNY Press

ISBN: 9780791401170

Category: Social Science

Page: 513

View: 9050

There is currently no reader in print that provides a broad ranging overview for an undergraduate course on the sociology of the arts or the sociology of culture. This book remedies this situation as it provides students with an overall understanding of the current issues, theoretical approaches, and substantive contributions in the sociology of the arts. Included are chapters on the aesthetic meaning of art; the social and institutional production of art; the links among audiences, artists, and cultural organizations; tensions between artists and their bureaucratized working settings; the training and careers of artists; relations between art and society; and the dynamics of cultural change. In addition to section introductions, there is a comprehensive introduction to provide students with an understanding of the history of the field, its main theoretical currents, and also to provide them with an appreciation of the contributions to cultural studies by other disciplines, such as anthropology and history. An extensive bibliography is also included in the reader, which was developed to assist students who wish to pursue research topics.

Network Culture

Politics for the Information Age

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Author: Tiziana Terranova

Publisher: Pluto Press

ISBN: 9780745317489

Category: Political Science

Page: 192

View: 8922

In an age of email lists and discussion groups, e-zines and weblogs, bringing together users, consumers, workers and activists from around the globe, what kinds of political subjectivity are emerging? What kinds of politics become possible in a time of information overload and media saturation? What structures of power and control operate over a self-organising system like the internet?In this highly original new work, Tiziana Terranova investigates the political dimension of the network culture in which we now live, and explores what the new forms of communication and organisation might mean for our understanding of power and politics. Terranova engages with key concepts and debates in cultural theory and cultural politics, using examples from media culture, computing, network dynamics, and internet activism within the anti-capitalist and anti-war movements. Network Culture concludes that the nonlinear network dynamics that link different modes of communication at different levels (from local radio to satellite television, from the national press to the internet, from broadcasting to rumours and conspiracy theories) provide the conditions within which another politics can emerge. This other politics, the book suggests, does not entail the production of a new political discourse or ideology, but the invention of micropolitical tactics able to stand up to new forms of social control.

Indigenous Screen Cultures in Canada

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Author: Sigurjón Baldur Hafsteinsson,Marian Bredin

Publisher: Univ. of Manitoba Press

ISBN: 088755718X

Category: History

Page: 202

View: 300

Who has the power to narrate and the power to suppress indigenous narratives? Are indigenous media representations themselves appropriate? What is the role of indigenous media in striking a balance between external interests and local constituencies?" Indigenous Screen Cultures in Canada "explores these key questions and undertakes a critical examination of the history and role of indigenous media organizations, content, and audiences in Canada and their growing importance in domestic and global movements for information democracy. Drawing upon work in anthropology, sociology, media studies, and Native studies, the book investigates the political economy of contemporary indigenous television, film, and cyber production. Focussing primarily on Aboriginal television and the first ten years of the Aboriginal Peoples Television Network, the authors also examine indigenous language broadcasting in radio and film; Aboriginal journalism practices; audience creation within and beyond indigenous communities; the roles of program scheduling and content acquisition policies in the decolonization process; the roles of digital video technologies and co-production agreements in indigenous filmmaking; and the emergence of Aboriginal cyber-communities. Each chapter provides concrete examples of how mass media permits increasing cultural and social agency among indigenous groups and how Aboriginal producers conceive of traditional knowledge, language, and practices as vehicles of modern culture.

Die Großstädte und das Geistesleben

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Author: Georg Simmel

Publisher: Musaicum Books

ISBN: 802721386X

Category: Social Science

Page: 47

View: 3030

Die Großstädte und das Geistesleben ist ein 1903 erschienener Aufsatz des Soziologen Georg Simmel, mit dem dieser die Grundlagen der Stadtsoziologie schuf. Das tiefste Problem des modernen Lebens ist nach Georg Simmel der Anspruch des Individuums nach der Selbstständigkeit und Eigenart seines Daseins gegen die Übermächte der Gesellschaft, das geschichtlich Ererbte der äußerlichen Kultur und Technik des Lebens zu bewahren. Der Großstädter ist - im Gegensatz zum Kleinstädter - einer "Steigerung des Nervenlebens" ausgesetzt. Darin besteht die Basis für den Typus großstädtischer Individualität. Georg Simmel (1858-1918) war ein deutscher Philosoph und Soziologe. Er leistete wichtige Beiträge zur Kulturphilosophie, war Begründer der "formalen Soziologie" und der Konfliktsoziologie. Simmel stand in der Tradition der Lebensphilosophie, aber auch der des Neukantianismus.

Kulturbetriebslehre

Grundlagen einer Inter-Disziplin

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Author: Tasos Zembylas

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3322805980

Category: Social Science

Page: 373

View: 9642

Das Buch stellt "Kulturbetriebslehre" als eine Synthese von kultur-, sozial- und wirtschaftswissenschaftlichen Einsichten umfassend dar.

Structure, Culture, and History

Recent Issues in Social Theory

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Author: Sing C. Chew,J. David Knottnerus

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780847698370

Category: History

Page: 344

View: 7423

This book offers the newest research developments and theory in the re-emerging field of structural analysis. The first section provides an overview and appraisal of the history and future of structural analysis. Subsequent sections focus on culture, historical processes, and macro-micro level interactions. The book's synthetic essays take a variety of forms dealing with structural levels of analysis, agency and structure, multidimensional views of social structure, and theory integration. Visit our website for sample chapters!

Pop Culture and the Everyday in Japan

Sociological Perspectives

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Author: Katsuya Minamida

Publisher: Apollo Books

ISBN: 9781920901455

Category: Social Science

Page: 299

View: 4060

In this study, a group of young Japanese sociologists scrutinizes the sociological foundations of the ways in which the Japanese people produce and consume cultural commodities and live their everyday lives surrounded by these products.

Cultural Studies in Question

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Author: Marjorie Ferguson,Peter Golding

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780803979246

Category: Social Science

Page: 247

View: 339

This major text offers a critical reappraisal of the contemporary practice of cultural studies. It focuses in particular on the contribution of cultural studies to the understanding of media, communications and popular cultures in contemporary societies. The contributors, an outstanding group of internationally acclaimed scholars, examine topics such as: the different strands of cultural studies and how they are developed; whether cultural studies is a coherent discipline; tensions and debates within cultural studies; alternative or related approaches to contemporary media and society; and the movement by cultural studies revisionists towards more empirical and sociological modes of analysis.

Popular Culture: Global Intercultural Perspectives

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Author: Ann Brooks

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 1137426721

Category: Social Science

Page: 184

View: 3434

Popular Culture: Global Intercultural Perspectives provides an understanding of popular culture in a globalized world through the intersection of sociology and cultural studies. Exploring a diverse range of different forms of popular culture in everyday life – from fashion, to digital technology and social networking, to music, visual culture and dance – this vibrant book offers contextual insights into key areas of study, including hybridity, identity, popular culture consumption and production. This critical and far-reaching text is the ideal companion to popular culture modules in sociology, media studies, cultural studies, communication studies and other related disciplines.

Enter Culture, Exit Arts?

The Transformation of Cultural Hierarchies in European Newspaper Culture Sections, 1960–2010

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Author: Semi Purhonen,Riie Heikkilä,Irmak Karademir Hazir,Tina Lauronen,Carlos J. Fernández Rodríguez,Jukka Gronow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351728040

Category: Social Science

Page: 256

View: 7066

Key debates of contemporary cultural sociology – the rise of the ‘cultural omnivore’, the fate of classical ‘highbrow’ culture, the popularization, commercialization and globalization of culture – deal with temporal changes. Yet, systematic research about these processes is scarce due to the lack of suitable longitudinal data. This book explores these questions through the lens of a crucial institution of cultural mediation – the culture sections in quality European newspapers – from 1960 to 2010. Starting from the framework of cultural stratification and employing systematic content analysis both quantitative and qualitative of more than 13,000 newspaper articles, Enter Culture, Exit Arts? presents a synthetic yet empirically rich and detailed account of cultural transformation in Europe over the last five decades. It shows how classifications and hierarchies of culture have changed in course of the process towards increased cultural heterogeneity. Furthermore, it conceptualizes the key trends of rising popular culture and declining highbrow arts as two simultaneous processes: the one of legitimization of popular culture and the other of popularization of traditional legitimate culture, both important for the loosening of the boundary between ‘highbrow’ and ‘popular’. Through careful comparative analysis and illustrative snapshots into the specific socio-historical contexts in which the newspapers and their representations of culture are embedded – in Finland, France, Spain, Sweden, Turkey and the UK – the book reveals the key patterns and diversity of European variations in the transformation of cultural hierarchies since the 1960s. The book is a collective endeavour of a large-scale international research project active between 2013 and 2018.