Culture and Cultural Entities

Toward a New Unity of Science

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Author: Joseph Margolis

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401576947

Category: Science

Page: 177

View: 1630

viii choice and these include efforts to provide logical frameworks within which wecan make senseof these notions. This series will attempt to bring together work from allof these approaches to the history and philosophy of science and technology in the belief that each has something to add to our understanding. The volumes of this series have emerged either from lectures given by an author while serving as an honorary visiting professor at The City Collegeof New York or from a conference sponsored by that institution. The City College Program in the History and Philosophy of Science and Technology oversees and directs these lectures and conferences with the financial aid of the Association for Philosophy ofScience, Psychotherapy, and Ethics. MARTIN TAMNY RAPHAEL STERN TABLE OF CONTENTS EDITO RS' PR EFACE vii PR EFACE xi ACKNOWLEDGEMENTS xiii I. NATUR E, CULTUR E, AND PERSONS 2. THE CONCEPT OF CONSCIOUSNESS 20 3. ANIMAL AND HUMAN MINDS 42 4 . ACTION AND CAUSALITY 64 5. PUZZLES ABOUT TH E CAUSAL EXPLANATION OF HUMAN ACTIONS 83 6. COGNITIVISM AND THE PROBLEM OF EXPLAINING HUMAN INTELLIGENCE 101 7. WITTGENSTEIN AND NATURAL LANGUAGES : AN ALTERNATIV E TO RATIONALIST AND EMPIRICIST THEO RIE S 133 INDEX 163 PREFACE I have tried to make a fresh beginning on the theory of cultural phenomena, largely from the perspectives of Anglo-American analytic philosophy.

Handbuch Pragmatismus

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Author: Michael G. Festl

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3476045579

Category: Philosophy

Page: 390

View: 7950

Das Handbuch bietet einen umfassenden und verlässlichen Überblick über die Philosophie des Pragmatismus. Als eine jeglichem Dogmatismus feindlich gegenüberstehende Denkhaltung kann man den Pragmatismus als besonders geeignet ansehen, einen philosophischen Beitrag zur Lösung vielschichtiger Probleme der globalisierten Welt zu leisten. Das Handbuch ist in sechs inhaltliche Teile gegliedert. Ausgehend von den klassischen Denkern und damit den philosophischen Grundlagen des Pragmatismus, stehen inhaltlich-thematische Fragestellungen im Fokus sowie Positionen vor allem gegenwärtiger pragmatistischer Denkerinnen und Denker. Das Handbuch wird durch ein Kapitel beschlossen, das sich mit ausgewählten aktuellen philosophischen und gesellschaftlichen Themen und Herausforderungen beschäftigt und das die theoretischen Beiträge skizziert, die auf Basis des Pragmatismus hierzu gerade entwickelt werden.

Technik und Kultur

Bedingungs- und Beeinflussungsverhältnisse

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Author: Gerhard Banse

Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing

ISBN: 3866444672

Category:

Page: 238

View: 3921

In der Publikation werden zunächst allgemeine Begriffsklärungen von "Technik" und "Kultur" sowie deren generelle Wechselwirkungen behandelt. Daran schliessen sich Beiträge an, die an konkreten Bereichen oder Beispielen die Verwobenheit von Technik und Kultur darstellen. Einschliesslich der den Band abschliessenden Auswahlbibliografie werden so gewichtige "Standort-Koordinaten" deutlich gemacht, die in den nachfolgenden Bänden dieser Reihe detaillierter gekennzeichnet werden.

Der Anteil der Dinge an der Gesellschaft

Sozialität - Kognition - Netzwerke

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Author: Gustav Roßler

Publisher: transcript Verlag

ISBN: 3839432979

Category: Social Science

Page: 284

View: 5957

Wie lässt sich das Miteinander von Menschen und Dingen in Gesellschaft denken? Kann man Dinge als soziale Akteure betrachten? Gustav Roßler plädiert für eine stärkere Berücksichtigung der Dinge in der Soziologie. Er bezieht die verteilte Kognition in seine Überlegungen ein und schlägt Weiterentwicklungen zentraler Begriffe der Wissenschafts- und Technikforschung (Science and Technology Studies) vor, darunter Handlungsmacht (agency), Quasi-Objekte, Grenzobjekte, technische Objekte, epistemische Dinge, Akteurnetzwerke, heterogene Assoziationen sowie Objektinstitutionen.

Reference, Truth and Conceptual Schemes

A Defense of Internal Realism

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Author: G. Forrai

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401728682

Category: Philosophy

Page: 163

View: 2346

1. HISTORICAL BACKGROUND The purpose of the book is to develop internal realism, the metaphysical-episte mological doctrine initiated by Hilary Putnam (Reason, Truth and History, "Introduction", Many Faces). In doing so I shall rely - sometimes quite heavily - on the notion of conceptual scheme. I shall use the notion in a somewhat idiosyncratic way, which, however, has some affinities with the ways the notion has been used during its history. So I shall start by sketching the history of the notion. This will provide some background, and it will also give opportunity to raise some of the most important problems I will have to solve in the later chapters. The story starts with Kant. Kant thought that the world as we know it, the world of tables, chairs and hippopotami, is constituted in part by the human mind. His cen tral argument relied on an analysis of space and time, and presupposed his famous doctrine that knowledge cannot extend beyond all possible experience. It is a central property of experience - he claimed - that it is structured spatially and temporally. However, for various reasons, space and time cannot be features of the world, as it is independently of our experience. So he concluded that they must be the forms of human sensibility, i. e. necessary ingredients of the way things appear to our senses.

Logic, Truth and the Modalities

From a Phenomenological Perspective

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Author: J.N. Mohanty

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401721130

Category: Philosophy

Page: 238

View: 2988

This volume is a collection of my essays on philosophy of logic from a phenomenological perspective. They deal with the four kinds of logic I have been concerned with: formal logic, transcendental logic, speculative logic and hermeneutic logic. Of these, only one, the essay on Hegel, touches upon 'speculative logic', and two, those on Heidegger and Konig, are concerned with hermeneutic logic. The rest have to do with Husser! and Kant. I have not tried to show that the four logics are compatible. I believe, they are--once they are given a phenomenological underpinning. The original plan of writing an Introduction in which the issues would have to be formulated, developed and brought together, was abandoned in favor of writing an Introductory Essay on the 'origin'- in the phenomenological sense -of logic. J.N.M. Philadelphia INTRODUCTION: THE ORIGIN OF LOGIC The question of the origin of logic may pertain to historical origin (When did it all begin? Who founded the science of logic?), psychological origin (When, in the course of its mental development, does the child learn logical operations?), cultural origin (What cultural - theological, metaphysical and linguisti- conditions make such a discipline as logic possible?), or transcendental constitutive origin (What sorts of acts and/or practices make logic possible?).

Language, Mind, and Art

Essays in Appreciation and Analysis, in Honor of Paul Ziff

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Author: D. Jamieson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9401583137

Category: Philosophy

Page: 220

View: 3771

This book is a collection of essays in honor of Paul Ziff written by his col leagues, students, and friends. Many of the authors address topics that Ziff has discussed in his writings: understanding, rules and regularities, proper names, the feelings of machines, expression, and aesthetic experience. Paul Ziff began his professional career as an artist, went on to study painting with J. M. Hanson at Cornell, and then studied for the Ph. D. in philosophy, also at Cornell, with Max Black. Over the next three decades he produced a series of remarkable papers in philosophy of art, culminating in 1984 with the publica tion of Antiaesthetics: An Appreciation of the Cow with the Subtile Nose. In 1960 he published Semantic Analysis, his masterwork in philosophy of lan guage. Throughout his career he made important contributions to philosophy of mind in such papers as "The Simplicity of Other Minds" (1965) and "About Behaviourism" (1958). In addition to his work in these areas, his lec tures at Harvard on philosophy of religion are an underground classic; and throughout his career he has continued to make art and to search for the meaning of life in the properties of prime numbers. Although his interests are wide and deep, questions about language, art, and mind have dominated his philosophical work, and it is problems in these areas that provide the topics of most of the essays in this volume.

Causality in Sociological Research

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Author: Jakub Karpinski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9400904959

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 1634

The general treatment of problems connected with the causal conditioning of phenomena has traditionally been the domain of philosophy, but when one examines the relationships taking place in the various fields, the study of such conditionings belongs to the empirical sciences. Sociology is no exception in that respect. In that discipline we note a certain paradox. Many problems connected with the causal conditioning of phenomena have been raised in sociology in relatively recent times, and that process marked its empirical or even so-called empiricist trend. That trend, labelled positivist, seems in this case to be in contradiction with a certain type of positivism. Those authors who describe positivism usually include the Humean tradition in its genealogy and, remembering Hume's criticism of the concept of cause, speak about positivism as about a trend which is inclined to treat lightly the study of causes and confines itself to the statements on co-occurrence of phenomena.

Rechtspositivismus und Wertbezug des Rechts

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Author: International Association for Philosophy of Law and Social Philosophy. Deutsche Sektion. Tagung

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 192

View: 2415

Interpretation, Relativism, and the Metaphysics of Culture

Themes in the Philosophy of Joseph Margolis

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Author: Michael Krausz,Richard Shusterman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9781573926560

Category: Philosophy

Page: 427

View: 1716

Combining historical exegesis and systematic elaboration, contemporary American philosopher Joseph Margolis has created and defended a metaphysics and a logic that he has applied throughout the realms of culture. Is his account fully consistent? Is it adequate to the needs of interpretative practice in the natural and human sciences? Scholars of various philosophical persuasions critically engage these questions. In fifteen hitherto unpublished essays, they explore the metaphysics of flux and relativistic logic that constitute Margolis' theory of culture. Specific issues covered include: the idea of interpretation, the fixity of meaning, objectivity, pragmatism, the embodiment of the self, and the metaphysics of flux. The careful study and criticism embodied in this collection of insightful articles attest to the originality and importance of Margolis' work. Besides the contributions by editors Krausz and Shusterman, and a concluding reply by Joseph Margolis himself, the other contributors include: Noel Carroll, Peter Caws, Dale Jacquette, Peter McCormick, J. N. Mohanty, Nicholas Rescher, Tom Rockmore, Gail Soffer, Laurent Stern, Marx W. Wartofsky, Joanne Waugh, and Eddy M. Zemach.

Rationale Ökonomik?

Überlegungen zu den Kriterien der ökonomischen Theoriendynamik

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Author: Christian Kastrop

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Economics

Page: 284

View: 5190

Human action signs in cultural context

the visible and the invisible in movement and dance

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Author: Brenda Margaret Farnell

Publisher: Scarecrow Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Medical

Page: 309

View: 4647

Despite the tremendous multi-disciplinary upsurge of interest in 'the body' of late, little or no attention has been given to the moving body or rather, the moving person, a situation that is remedied by this book. For the first time, leading scholars in the anthropology of dance and human movement come together to provide a rich sample of their current work, introducing theories and methods that move well beyond the more familiar 'proxemic' and 'kinesic' approaches to body movement and space. Chapter 1 consists of ethnographic studies as diverse as Hawaiian dance and poetry, Tai Chi Chuan, Ballet and the Roman Catholic Mass, Australian Aboriginal sign language, Plains Indians sign language, and African-American movement performance. Chapter 2 complements this ethnographic richness by providing an in-depth commentary, together with a critical examination of several fundamental philosophical and theoretical issues that have been raised.

Books in Series

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780835221092

Category: Monographic series

Page: 1756

View: 9152

The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology

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Author: Jaan Valsiner

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199366225

Category: Psychology

Page: 1136

View: 4421

The goal of cultural psychology is to explain the ways in which human cultural constructions -- for example, rituals, stereotypes, and meanings -- organize and direct human acting, feeling, and thinking in different social contexts. A rapidly growing, international field of scholarship, cultural psychology is ready for an interdisciplinary, primary resource. Linking psychology, anthropology, sociology, archaeology, and history, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is the quintessential volume that unites the variable perspectives from these disciplines. Comprised of over fifty contributed chapters, this book provides a necessary, comprehensive overview of contemporary cultural psychology. Bridging psychological, sociological, and anthropological perspectives, one will find in this handbook: - A concise history of psychology that includes valuable resources for innovation in psychology in general and cultural psychology in particular - Interdisciplinary chapters including insights into cultural anthropology, cross-cultural psychology, culture and conceptions of the self, and semiotics and cultural connections - Close, conceptual links with contemporary biological sciences, especially developmental biology, and with other social sciences - A section detailing potential methodological innovations for cultural psychology By comparing cultures and the (often differing) human psychological functions occuring within them, The Oxford Handbook of Culture and Psychology is the ideal resource for making sense of complex and varied human phenomena.

Towards a Global Community

Educating for Tomorrow's World

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Author: Jack Campbell,Nick Baikaloff,Colin Power

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402043384

Category: Education

Page: 218

View: 8279

This book is the outcome of a global study undertaken on behalf of the World Education Fellowship (WEF) in collaboration with UNESCO. It provides education policy makers with evidence to support programs that address the major challenges faced by education systems in the next decade. It contains case studies, and it expands on the work done by UNESCO’s International Commission on Education for the 21st Century (the Delors Report).