Critique and Radical Discourses on Crime

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Author: George Pavlich

Publisher: Ashgate Pub Limited

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 194

View: 7690

Reassessing the genres of critique evident in previous forms of radical criminology, this book formulates a different genre of critique appropriate to the uncertainties of postmodern conditions, showing how these genres can be articulated to differently conceived radical discourses on crime.

Punishment and Social Control

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Author: Thomas G. Blomberg,Stanley Cohen

Publisher: Transaction Publishers

ISBN: 0202368394

Category: Law

Page: 516

View: 4767

While crime, law, and punishment are subjects that have everyday meanings not very far from their academic representations, "social control" is one of those terms that appear in the sociological discourse without any corresponding everyday usage. This concept has a rather mixed lineage. "After September 11" has become a slogan that conveys all things to all people but carries some very specific implications on interrogation and civil liberties for the future of punishment and social control. The editors hold that the already pliable boundaries between ordinary and political crime will become more unstable; national and global considerations will come closer together; domestic crime control policies will be more influenced by interests of national security; measures to prevent and control international terrorism will cast their reach wider (to financial structures and ideological support); the movements of immigrants, refugees, and asylum seekers will be curtailed and criminalized; taken-for-granted human rights and civil liberties will be restricted. In the midst of these dramatic social changes, hardly anyone will notice the academic field of "punishment and social control" being drawn closer to political matters. Criminology is neither a "pure" academic discipline nor a profession that offers an applied body of knowledge to solve the crime problem. Its historical lineage has left an insistent tension between the drive to understand and the drive to be relevant. While the scope and orientation of this new second edition remain the same, in recognition of the continued growth and diversity of interest in punishment and social control, new chapters have been added and several original chapters have been updated and revised.

Kritik, Norm und Utopie

Die normativen Grundlagen der Krititschen Theorie

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Author: Seyla Benhabib

Publisher: S. Fischer Verlag

ISBN: 3105615970

Category: Philosophy

Page: 270

View: 8406

Seyla Benhabib liefert eine sorgfältige Darstellung der philosophischen Fundamente der Kritischen Theorie – eine intensive Befragung ihrer Ideenquellen bei Kant und Hegel und ihrer Entwicklungsgeschichte bis zu Jürgen Habermas. Verglichen mit anderen Werken zu diesem Thema ist die Arbeit der amerikanischen Philosophin sowohl systematischer komponiert als auch in ihren philosophiehistorischen Differenzierungen von erstaunlicher Schlüssigkeit und Präzision. (Dieser Text bezieht sich auf eine frühere Ausgabe.)

Comparative Criminal Justice and Globalization

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Author: Professor David Nelken

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN: 1409497615

Category: Social Science

Page: 228

View: 6373

In this exciting and topical collection, leading scholars discuss the implications of globalisation for the fields of comparative criminology and criminal justice. How far does it still make sense to distinguish nation states, for example in comparing prison rates? Is globalisation best treated as an inevitable trend or as an interactive process? How can globalisation's effects on space and borders be conceptualised? How does it help to create norms and exceptions? The editor, David Nelken, is a Distinguished Scholar of the American Sociological Association, a recipient of the Sellin-Glueck award of the American Society of Criminology, and an Academician of the Academy of Social Sciences, UK. He teaches a course on Comparative Criminal Justice as Visiting Professor in Criminology at Oxford University's Centre of Criminology.

Children’s Rights and the Minimum Age of Criminal Responsibility

A Global Perspective

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Author: Don Cipriani

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317167597

Category: Law

Page: 252

View: 1524

Children of almost any age can break the law, but at what age should children first face the possibility of criminal responsibility for their alleged crimes? This work is the first global analysis of national minimum ages of criminal responsibility (MACRs), the international legal obligations that surround them, and the principal considerations for establishing and implementing respective age limits. Taking an international children's rights approach, with a rich theoretical framework and the vitality of the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child, this work maintains a critical perspective, such as in challenging the assumptions of many children's rights scholars and advocates. Compiling the age limits and statutory sources for all countries, this book explains the broad historical origins behind most of them, identifying the recurring practical challenges that affect every country and providing the first comprehensive evidence that a general principle of international law requires all nations, regardless of their treaty ratifications, to establish respective minimum age limits.

Radical and Marxist Theories of Crime

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Author: Paul B. Stretesky

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351906976

Category: Social Science

Page: 546

View: 2907

The essays selected for this volume show how radical and Marxist criminology has established itself as an influential critique since it emerged in the late 1960s. Unlike orthodox criminology which emphasizes individual level explanations of criminal behavior, radical and Marxist criminology emphasizes power inequality and structures, especially those related to class, as key factors in crime, law and justice. This collection of essays draws attention to the way in which structural forces shape and influence both individual and institutional (for example, governmental) behavior; highlights neglected crime (corporate, governmental, state-corporate and environmental) which causes more extensive damage than the street crimes examined by orthodox criminology; and discusses the ways in which law and criminal justice processes reinforce power structures and contribute to class control.

Integrating a Victim Perspective Within Criminal Justice

International Debates

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Author: Adam Crawford,Jo Goodey

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: 9781840144864

Category: Law

Page: 318

View: 916

The implications of introducing a victim's perspective into the delicate balance between state and offender will be a key issue in the future of criminal justice. This book outlines the contours of the relevant debates, drawing together contributions from

Racism and criminology

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Author: Dee Cook,Barbara Hudson

Publisher: Sage Publications Ltd

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 175

View: 7939

Racism and Criminology stimulates criminological debate on issues of crime, race, racism, and criminal justice and offers practical guidance to those seeking to address race issues and confront racism in their own work. This unique text critiques the existing,largely empirical, research on race and criminal justice. It then presents theoretical advances in criminology and sociology and the methodological implications of applying such theory to future research. After reviewing work on race and crime within the major criminological paradigms to date and the uses and limitations of such research for policy development, distinguished contributors go on to explore some central problems of method inherent to research on race. They discuss issues such as competing ethnic classification schemes, the definition of "racial," and ethnic data in criminal justice agency records. The theoretical contributions explore the development of antiracism, the relationship between race and wider sociologies of disadvantage, the "racialization" of the politics of crime, and the "criminalization" of the politics of race during the 1980s. Finally, they examine one of the key problems for the 1990s: the development of discourses and control strategies, which exclude black people from enjoyment of full citizenship rights. This book will be invaluable in helping students and researchers make informed theoretical choices and evaluate the various theoretical perspectives. It will encourage engagement with race issues by open discussion of the methodological dilemmas which are usually left unspoken. As such, it is essential reading for all those who wish to understand and confront racism in state systems of control and regulation.

Radical Criminology

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Author: Michael J. Lynch

Publisher: Dartmouth Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 501

View: 2768

This text contains a variety of works that represent the radical tradition within criminology and criminal justice. The essays provide some background into radical assumptions, feature contemporary advances, include empirical examinations and illustrate substantive issues.

Expanding the criminological imagination

critical readings in crimonology

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Author: Alana Barton

Publisher: Willan Pub

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 226

View: 1591

This book brings together a series of writings on the problems facing contemporary criminology, highlighting the main theoretical priorities of critical analysis and their application to substantive case studies of research in action. Its main aim is to establish the conceptual and practical foundations for a new generation of studies in criminology, and to set a new agenda for critical criminology. Each chapter will critically assess the main conceptual and empirical problems they have encountered in their research, and to bring to life the key theoretical debates within the discipline. This book will be essential reading for students seeking an understanding of the nature of the discipline of criminology and criminological research.

The Social Science Encyclopedia

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Author: Adam Kuper,Jessica Kuper

Publisher: Taylor & Francis

ISBN: 9780415108294

Category: Reference

Page: 923

View: 3389

The Social Science Encyclopedia, first published in 1985 to acclaim from social scientists, librarians and students, was thoroughly revised in 1996, when reviewers began to describe it as a classic. This third edition has been radically recast. Over half the entries are new or have been entirely rewritten, and most of the balance have been substantially revised. Written by an international team of contributors, the Encyclopedia offers a global perspective on the key issues within the social sciences. Some 500 entries cover a variety of enduring and newly vital areas of study and research methods. Experts review theoretical debates from neo-evolutionism and rational choice theory to poststructuralism, and address the great questions that cut across the social sciences. What is the influence of genes on behaviour? What is the nature of consciousness and cognition? What are the causes of poverty and wealth? What are the roots of conflict, wars, revolutions and genocidal violence? This authoritative reference work is aimed at anyone with a serious interest in contemporary academic thinking about the individual in society.

Criminology

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Author: Stephen Jones

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199651841

Category: Law

Page: 457

View: 6452

The fifth edition of Criminology offers updated coverage of the main criminological theories. An engaging read for students of criminology, it traces the history and development of these key theories, and provides full references to guide the reader in their further criminological studies.

Recent Developments in Criminological Theory

Toward Disciplinary Diversity and Theoretical Integration

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Author: Stuart Henry,Scott A. Lukas

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing Company

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 521

View: 6043

This book contains recent cutting-edge articles from leading criminological theorists. The contributors focus on theory rather than empirical research and describe the new theoretical directions of their respective approaches and how they envision the future development of their theories. Taken together the articles represent different multi-disciplinary perspectives and present a cross-section of contemporary criminological theory.

Außenseiter

Zur Soziologie abweichenden Verhaltens

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Author: Howard S. Becker

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3658012544

Category: Social Science

Page: 197

View: 4225

​ „Der Mensch mit abweichendem Verhalten ist ein Mensch, auf den diese Bezeichnung erfolgreich angewandt worden ist; abweichendes Verhalten ist Verhalten, das Menschen als solches bezeichnen“: Es ist einer der klassischen Sätze der Devianzsoziologie in einem der Klassiker des Feldes. Howard S. Becker betont fernab von alten und simplistischen Fragen danach, „warum Menschen Regeln brechen“, welche Situationen und welche Prozesse dazu führen, dass Menschen in Positionen geraten, in denen sie als „Regelbrecher“ betitelt werden, wie sie mit diesen Positionen umgehen und sich auch gegen diese wehren. „Außenseiter“ erschien erstmals 1963 in New York und wurde 1981 bei S. Fischer in deutscher Übersetzung publiziert. Seit den frühen neunziger Jahren vergriffen, liegt hier nun eine von Michael Dellwing überarbeitete und herausgegebene Version vor.

Criminology and Justice

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Author: N.A

Publisher: McGraw-Hill College

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 692

View: 4465

This introduction to criminology, designed for course in criminology offered at two and four schools, is one of the most comprehensive, and well-researched books on the market. For use in both Sociology and Criminal Justice departments, this text offers detailed coverage of theories and types of crime.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

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Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 6144

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

Understanding crime prevention

social control, risk, and late modernity

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Author: Gordon Hughes

Publisher: Open Univ Pr

ISBN: 9780335199419

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 179

View: 6946