Critical Thinking

Tools for Evaluating Research

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Author: Peter Nardi

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 0520291840

Category: Social Science

Page: 168

View: 7694

"Critical Thinking: A Methodology for Interpreting Information 'deconstructs' common errors in thinking and teaches students to become smarter consumers of research results. Written to complement a textbook or a collection of readings, this brief methods book strengthens students' ability to interpret information whenever and wherever data are used. It includes a wide range of examples along with end of chapter exercises for further discussion. This book will be a coursebook for the undergraduate social science courses where critical thinking, numeracy, and data literacy are common learning objectives"--Provided by publisher.

Critical Thinking and Learning

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Author: Mark Mason

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1444306782

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 1326

By introducing current debates in the field of critical thinkingand posing new questions from contributing scholars, CriticalThinking and Learning examines the received wisdom in the fieldof critical thinking and learning. Examines the different perspectives in the field of criticalthinking and learning Provides insights into critical thinking by posing newquestions from contributing authors Introduces cross-cultural viewpoints into the dominant'western'-based educational viewpoint Highlights differences among a variety of thinkers in thefield

Critical Thinking

Step by Step

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Author: Robert Cogan

Publisher: University Press of America

ISBN: 9780761810674

Category: Philosophy

Page: 381

View: 8079

This book is a comprehensive introduction to critical thinking skills and the philosophical and factual bases of critical thinking. Contents: DEGREESI ANALYSIS OF REASONING. Short Simple Reasoning; Longer More Complex Discourse. EVALUATION OF REASONING. Basic Concepts of Evaluation; Degrees of Support Reasons Give to Conclusions; Critical Life Decisions: Complete Evaluation of Reasoning; Syllogistic Logic; Reasoning with Statements; Moderate to Fallacious Arguments. EVALUATING UNSUPPORTED BELIEFS. Justification, Paradigms, and Reasoning; Seeing, Reasoning and Scientific Justification; Justification in Law; Philosophical Dialectic and High Justification; Religion and Science; Pseudoscience as Unjustified Statements; The United States and the Global Corporate Economy. Appendices; Index; Bibliography; Exer

AS Critical Thinking for OCR

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Author: Jacqui Thwaites

Publisher: Heinemann

ISBN: 9780435235819

Category: Critical thinking

Page: 88

View: 9816

A Level Critical Thinking for OCR is a brand new course for a brand new A Level. All of the AS and A2 Student Books will inspire your critical thinkers and provide support for you as a specialist or non-specialist in Critical Thinking. AS Level Critical Thinking for OCR Unit 1 covers the first unit of AS Critical Thinking. * This brand new course covers the complete range of topics in the right amount of detail. * The AS Student Book for Unit 1 offers up-to-date, topical examples and scenarios covering current affairs and moral, social, ethical and philosophical issues to make Critical Thinking really come alive for your students. * This Student Book is differentiated to meet the needs of all your students' abilities by providing examples and activities that practise each skill at different levels. * Exam hints, revision tips, model answers, mark schemes and feedback help your students' fully prepare for their exams.

An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity

Think More, Think Better

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Author: J. Y. F. Lau

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781118033432

Category: Mathematics

Page: 272

View: 3434

A valuable guide on creativity and critical thinking to improve reasoning and decision-making skills Critical thinking skills are essential in virtually any field of study or practice where individuals need to communicate ideas, make decisions, and analyze and solve problems. An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity: Think More, Think Better outlines the necessary tools for readers to become critical as well as creative thinkers. By gaining a practical and solid foundation in the basic principles that underlie critical thinking and creativity, readers will become equipped to think in a more systematic, logical, and imaginative manner. Creativity is needed to generate new ideas to solve problems, and critical thinking evaluates and improves an idea. These concepts are uniquely introduced as a unified whole due to their dependence on each other. Each chapter introduces relevant theories in conjunction with real-life examples and findings from cognitive science and psychology to illustrate how the theories can be applied in numerous fields and careers. An emphasis on how theoretical principles of reasoning can be practical and useful in everyday life is featured, and special sections on presentation techniques, the analysis of meaning, decision-making, and reasoning about personal and moral values are also highlighted. All chapters conclude with a set of exercises, and detailed solutions are provided at the end of the book. A companion website features online tutorials that further explore topics including meaning analysis, argument analysis, logic, statistics, and strategic thinking, along with additional exercises and multimedia resources for continued study. An Introduction to Critical Thinking and Creativity is an excellent book for courses on critical thinking and logic at the undergraduate and graduate levels. The book also serves as a self-contained study guide for readers interested in the topics of critical thinking and creativity as a unified whole.

Critical Thinking and Intelligence Analysis

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Author: David T. Moore

Publisher: DIANE Publishing

ISBN: 1437934927

Category:

Page: 134

View: 8061

Contents: (1) How Do People Reason?; (2) What is Critical Thinking?; (3) What Can Be Learned from the Past?: Thinking Critically about Cuba: Deploying the Missiles; Assessing the Implications; Between Dogmatism and Refutation; Lacking: Disconfirmation; The Roles of Critical Thinking in the Cuban Crisis; Winners and Losers: The Crisis in Context; Ten Years Later, They Meet Again; Judgment; (4) How Can Intelligence Analysts Employ Critical Thinking?; (5) How Can Intelligence Analysts be Taught to Think Critically?; (6) How Does Critical Thinking Transform?; (7) What Other Points of View Exist?; (8) What Does the Future Hold?; (9) NSA¿s Critical Thinking and Structured Analysis Class Syllabus. Charts and tables.

Critical Thinking

A Concise Guide

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Author: Tracy Bowell,Gary Kemp

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317677188

Category: Philosophy

Page: 318

View: 5333

We are frequently confronted with arguments. Arguments are attempts to persuade us – to influence our beliefs and actions – by giving us reasons to believe this or that. Critical Thinking: A Concise Guide will equip students with the concepts and techniques used in the identification, analysis and assessment of arguments. Through precise and accessible discussion, this book provides the tools to become a successful critical thinker, one who can act and believe in accordance with good reasons, and who can articulate and make explicit those reasons. Key topics discussed include: core concepts in argumentation how language can serve to obscure or conceal the real content of arguments; how to distinguish argumentation from rhetoric how to avoid common confusions surrounding words such as ‘truth’, ‘knowledge’ and ‘opinion’ how to identify and evaluate the most common types of argument how to distinguish good reasoning from bad in terms of deductive validly and induction. This fourth edition has been revised and updated throughout, with a new introduction for each chapter and up-to-date topical examples. Particular revisions include: practical reasoning; understanding quantitative data, statistics, and the rhetoric used about them; scientific reasoning; the connection to formal logic and the logic of probability; conditionals; ambiguity; vagueness; slippery slope arguments; and arguments by analogy. The dynamic Routledge Critical Thinking companion website provides thoroughly updated resources for both instructors and students including new examples and case studies, flashcards, sample questions, practice questions and answers, student activities and a testbank of questions for use in the classroom.

Creativity, Critical Thinking, and Communication

Strategies to Increase Students' Skills

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Author: Melissa Goodwin,Catherine Sommervold

Publisher: R&L Education

ISBN: 1610487990

Category: Education

Page: 134

View: 7552

Creativity, Critical Thinking, and Communication: Strategies to Increase Students' Skills is a collection of research, strategies, and lesson plans that will help increase students' skill level in the 3Cs:creativity, critical thinking, and communication. The 3Cs strategies renew stale curriculum and support deeper learning of core concepts.

Introduction to Logic and Critical Thinking

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Author: Merrilee H. Salmon

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1133711642

Category: Education

Page: 528

View: 7824

Designed for students with no prior training in logic, INTRODUCTION TO LOGIC AND CRITICAL THINKING offers an accessible treatment of logic that enhances understanding of reasoning in everyday life. The text begins with an introduction to arguments. After some linguistic preliminaries, the text presents a detailed analysis of inductive reasoning and associated fallacies. This order of presentation helps to motivate the use of formal methods in the subsequent sections on deductive logic and fallacies. Lively and straightforward prose assists students in gaining facility with the sometimes challenging concepts of logic. By combining a sensitive treatment of ordinary language arguments with a simple but rigorous exposition of basic principles of logic, the text develops students' understanding of the relationships between logic and language, and strengthens their skills in critical thinking. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Creativity and Critical Thinking

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Author: Steve Padget

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136182640

Category: Education

Page: 144

View: 6467

What do we mean by creativity? What is the link between creativity and critical thinking? How can creativity and critical thinking be incorporated into classroom practice and what are the benefits for students? Creativity and critical thinking are central to effective teaching and learning and have a significant impact on students’ attainment, engagement, attendance and behaviour. This book draws on recent research and policy to provide teachers with a clear framework for understanding creativity and critical thinking and practically demonstrates how they can be incorporated into classroom practice. Bringing together an expert team of contributors with a wide-range of experience of bringing creative approaches into the classroom the book includes: an analysis of the issues associated with creativity and critical thinking clear guidance on how schools can develop dynamic thinking and creative learning strategies and use them with all learners advice on using external agencies to bring the creative perspective into schools case studies alongside examples of current activities and practice in schools links to resources and organisations who can offer support. Providing clear guidance on the underpinning theory and policy and drawing upon current initiatives in schools, this book is essential reading for trainee and practising teachers that want to provide the best possible learning experience for their students.

Critical Thinking, fourth edition

An Introduction to the Basic Skills

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Author: William Hughes,Jonathan Lavery

Publisher: Broadview Press

ISBN: 9781551115733

Category: Philosophy

Page: 403

View: 8790

"William Hughes's Critical Thinking, recently revised and updated by Jonathan Lavery, is a comprehensive and accessible introduction to the essential skills required to make strong arguments. Hughes and Lavery give a thorough treatment of such traditional topics as deductive and inductive reasoning, logical fallacies and how to spot them, the importance of inference, how to recognise and avoid ambiguity, and how to assess what is or is not relevant to an argument. But they also cover a variety of topics not always treated in books of this sort - special concerns to keep in mind when reasoning about ethical matters and how the nature of a language can affect the structure of an argument. The book gives a lucid treatment of the differences between descriptive and evaluative meaning: one person's freedom fighter is another person's terrorist." "For the fourth edition, Jonathan Lavery has added a new chapter on scientific reasoning, expanded the treatment of analogies, added numerous examples, and revised and updated the text throughout."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved

CriticalThinking.Com

A Guide to Deep Thinking in a Shallow Age

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Author: Myron Tuman

Publisher: Xlibris Corporation

ISBN: 9781469114705

Category: Reference

Page: 206

View: 6479

"Critical Thinking.com is bound to raise a few hackles. It takes on two major thought-clichés of today ́s world: first, that critical thinking is the ultimate form of thinking and that we know what it is when we encounter it; and, second, that the Internet promises us a brave new world of virtual literacy that will not only replace traditional literacy but improve it. Partly philosophical, partly practical, partly pedagogical, Critical Thinking.com is mostly a refreshing look at the interaction of knowledge production and technology. It is smart, more than a little daring, and probably will make you think a little differently about some of the things you thought you knew ̃ -- Gerald Early (Merle Kling Professor of Modern Letters. Washington University) "Critical thinking has been oversold as a cure for ignorance and apathy. Myron Tuman exposes the shallowness of the conventional recipes and provides a good thing instead--a book of incisive distinctions, captivating material, and provocative reflections. It is bound to leave the reader a more thoughtful person." -- Albert Borgmann (Department of Philosophy. The University of Montana) Table of ContentPrologue: “Critical Thinking for Dummies” - - - - 9 Chapter 1 Thinking Critically (about Critical Thinking) - - - - 13 “Critical” Questions Analysis or Reflection—Which One Is Critical? Analysis and Progress A Cautionary Conclusion about Critical Thinking Seven Elements of Critical Thinking as Reflection Coda: Descartes and Questioning Chapter 2 - - - - 39 Finding and Evaluating Web Content The Open Web The Invisible Web The Gated Web Libraries and Web Access Facts, Commentary, and Experts Hot Topics and Emily Dickinson Summary: Stephen King on the Web Coda: Stephen King for Free! Chapter 3 - - - - 73 News and Reflection The Two Sides of Thomas Jefferson Internal and External Clues More on Authority News on the Web Plato and Rushkoff Coda: Cold Fusion Chapter 4 - - - - 99 The End of Books and Libraries? What Is a Book? What Does It Mean to Read? Two Models of Libraries Libraries Without Walls, Libraries Without Books Coda: Books, Libraries, and Marshall McLuhan Chapter 5 - - - - 121 The “Free” World of the Web The First Freedom: Expression The Second Freedom: Information The Third Freedom: Association Defining Community Coda: Thomas Jefferson Revisited Chapter 6 - - - - 143 Grassroots and Astroturf Promotion, Top-Down and Bottom-Up Grassroots and Astroturf Selling with Buzz Coda: Swag and Fan Empowerment Chapter 7 - - - - 156 Passion, Identity, and Censorship Identity Politics Hate Groups, the Dark Side of Identity Politics The Appeal of Censorship Critical Thinking and Taboos Coda: Edgar Allen Poe’s “Purloined Letter” Chapter 8 - - - - 182 The Elements of Guile Stories as Subversion The Foolish Physics Professor The Comic as Subversive This American Life Coda: Chief Seattle, Another Populist Tale Epilogue Feeling the World - - - - 199 Index

Critical Thinking: A User’s Manual

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Author: Debra Jackson,Paul Newberry

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495814075

Category: Philosophy

Page: 368

View: 2937

CRITICAL THINKING: A USER’S MANUAL offers an innovative skill-based approach to critical thinking that provides step-by-step tools for learning to evaluate arguments. Students build a complete skill set by recognizing, analyzing, diagramming, and evaluating arguments; later chapters encourage application of the basic skills to categorical, truth-functional, analogical, generalization, and causal arguments as well as fallacies. The exercises throughout the text engage readers in active learning, integrate writing as part of the critical thinking process, and emphasize skill transference. A special feature, called Your Turn! encourages students to not just skim through the book’s explanations, but stop, think, and apply what they are learning. CRITICAL THINKING: A USER’S MANUAL offers multiple opportunities for different kinds of practice and options for appealing to different learning styles. The quantity and variety of exercises allow for group work, reflection and application, and writing practice as well as traditional homework exercises. Aplia, an online homework solution that increases student effort and engagement, is available as an option with this text to provide additional critical thinking practice with immediate feedback to reinforce the skills students are building in class. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Critical Thinking Skills

Effective Analysis, Argument and Reflection

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Author: Stella Cottrell

Publisher: Macmillan International Higher Education

ISBN: 113755052X

Category: Critical thinking

Page: 309

View: 1974

Thinking critically about critical thinking. Instructor&s manual

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Author: Diane F. Halpern

Publisher: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates

ISBN: N.A

Category: Education

Page: 205

View: 8657

Thinking is not a spectator sport. Research has shown that the skills of critical thinking must be practiced with a wide variety of problems in many different contexts in order to be learned and retained. The exercises, questions, and reviews in this workbook are designed to provide the systematic practice needed to help readers become more critical thinkers. By reading and responding to the questions before reading the accompanying chapter in the text, readers will develop a framework that will help them to comprehend, anticipate, and organize the information in the accompanying chapter. Based on principles of active learning with authentic tasks, all of the exercises were written to be similar to problems and situations readers are likely to encounter in real life -- and they provide numerous examples for both short and extended writing assignments. Problems include topics such as saving money; understanding a research report that appears in a newspaper; recognizing propaganda; reaching reasoned conclusions; avoiding common biases; and deciding when a risk is "too risky." These exercises also work well for cooperative learning projects and are designed to help adult learners develop the skills and the habits of mind essential for life-long learning. Designed to be used in conjunction with Halpern's text, Thought & Knowledge, this workbook could also be used with other texts or as a stand-alone enhancement in courses on thinking skills and cognitive psychology. All exercises along with syllabus suggestions and self assessments are available in the Instructor's Manual.

Invitation to Critical Thinking

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Author: Joel Rudinow,Vincent E. Barry

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 0495103713

Category: Psychology

Page: 448

View: 3310

INVITATION TO CRITICAL THINKING teaches you how to recognize, analyze, evaluate, and compose arguments that can be used as tools of rational persuasion. Fostering discussions of critical thinking and its application in mass media, effective writing, and p

Critical Thinking

An Introduction to Reasoning Well

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Author: Robert Arp,Jamie Carlin Watson

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing

ISBN: 1472595696

Category: Philosophy

Page: 464

View: 6475

'You shouldn't drink too much. The Earth is round. Milk is good for your bones.' Are any of these claims true? How can you tell? Can you ever be certain you are right? For anyone tackling philosophical logic and critical thinking for the first time, Critical Thinking: An Introduction to Reasoning Well provides a practical guide to the skills required to think critically. From the basics of good reasoning to the difference between claims, evidence and arguments, Robert Arp and Jamie Carlin Watson cover the topics found in an introductory course. Now revised and fully updated, this Second Edition features a glossary, chapter summaries, more student-friendly exercises, study questions, diagrams, and suggestions for further reading. Topics include: the structure, formation, analysis and recognition of arguments deductive validity and soundness inductive strength and cogency inference to the best explanation truth tables tools for argument assessment informal and formal fallacies With real life examples, advice on graduate school entrance exams and an expanded companion website packed with additional exercises, an answer key and help with real life examples, this easy-to-follow introduction is a complete beginner's tool set to good reasoning, analyzing and arguing. Ideal for students in basic reasoning courses and students preparing for graduate school.

Practical Guide to Critical Thinking

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Author: Mike Andolina

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 9780766845824

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 366

View: 5801

"Building on real-world employment surroundings and adult situations, this new text introduces the concept of critical thinking"--Back cover.