African American Classics in Criminology and Criminal Justice

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Author: Shaun L Gabbidon,Helen Taylor Greene,Vernetta D Young

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 9780761924333

Category: Social Science

Page: 399

View: 1942

This anthology provides a collection of classic articles in criminology/criminal justice written by black scholars and researchers beginning with W E B Dubois up through Lee Brown, the current mayor of Houston, TX. Articles focus on crime and the black community in social, economic, and political contexts. Never before collected in a single volume, this book offers a chronology of late 19th and 20th century perspectives from African-American scholars who, until recently, have not had a major voice in the development of criminological theory and social policy.

African-American Political Psychology

Identity, Opinion, and Action in the Post-Civil Rights Era

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Author: Tasha S. Philpot,Ismail K. White

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 246

View: 9664

Decades of research in both political science and psychology have demonstrated that external, environmental factors influence individuals’ mental processes, especially as they relate to politics. Inasmuch as such factors vary systematically across racial and ethnic groups, the political psychology of these groups warrants study, hence, the objective of this volume. We have assembled a number of papers from both psychologists and political scientists in an effort to combine both disciplines’ understanding of the psychological underpinnings of Blacks’ orientation to the political world. Our goal is to take lessons learned from previous research and incorporate them into new theories and utilize new data sources in an effort to create a unified study of Black political psychology.

The New Jim Crow

Masseninhaftierung und Rassismus in den USA

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Author: Michelle Alexander

Publisher: Antje Kunstmann

ISBN: 3956141598

Category: Political Science

Page: 352

View: 6952

Die Wahl von Barack Obama im November 2008 markierte einen historischen Wendepunkt in den USA: Der erste schwarze Präsident schien für eine postrassistische Gesellschaft und den Triumph der Bürgerrechtsbewegung zu stehen. Doch die Realität in den USA ist eine andere. Obwohl die Rassentrennung, die in den sogenannten Jim-Crow-Gesetzen festgeschrieben war, im Zuge der Bürgerrechtsbewegung abgeschafft wurde, sitzt heute ein unfassbar hoher Anteil der schwarzen Bevölkerung im Gefängnis oder ist lebenslang als kriminell gebrandmarkt. Ein Status, der die Leute zu Bürgern zweiter Klasse macht, indem er sie ihrer grundsätzlichsten Rechte beraubt – ganz ähnlich den explizit rassistischen Diskriminierungen der Jim-Crow-Ära. In ihrem Buch, das in Amerika eine breite Debatte ausgelöst hat, argumentiert Michelle Alexander, dass die USA ihr rassistisches System nach der Bürgerrechtsbewegung nicht abgeschafft, sondern lediglich umgestaltet haben. Da unter dem perfiden Deckmantel des »War on Drugs« überproportional junge männliche Schwarze und ihre Communities kriminalisiert werden, funktioniert das drakonische Strafjustizsystem der USA heute wie das System rassistischer Kontrolle von gestern: ein neues Jim Crow.

African American criminological thought

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Author: Helen Taylor Greene,Shaun L. Gabbidon

Publisher: State Univ of New York Pr

ISBN: 9780791446966

Category: Social Science

Page: 192

View: 7505

This landmark book presents the contributions of African Americans past and present to understanding crime, criminological theory, and the administration of justice. The authors devote individual chapters to African-American pioneers Ida B. Wells-Barnett, W. E.B. Du Bois, E. Franklin Frazier, and Monroe N. Work, and contemporary scholars Lee P. Brown, Daniel Georges-Abeyie, Darnell F. Hawkins, Coramae Richey Mann, William Julius Wilson, and Vernetta D. Young. Included for each individual are a biography, information on their contributions to criminological thought, and a list of selected references. A wide range of issues are covered such as lynching, the convict lease system, homicide, female crime and delinquency, terrorism, community policing, the black ethnic monolith paradigm, and explanations of criminality.

African American Male Students in PreK-12 Schools

Informing Research, Policy, and Practice

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Author: Chance W. Lewis,James L. Moore III

Publisher: Emerald Group Publishing

ISBN: 178441283X

Category: Education

Page: 424

View: 1661

Presents a comprehensive viewpoint on preK-12 schooling for African American males. Including theoretical, conceptual, and research based chapters, this edited volume offers readers compelling evidence of the education challenges and successes for this student population.

Criminology: The Core

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Author: Larry J. Siegel

Publisher: Cengage Learning

ISBN: 1305887336

Category: Education

Page: 528

View: 790

It's no mystery why Larry Siegel remains THE best-selling author in Criminal Justice. Professor Siegel is known for presenting real-life stories of crime, criminals, and the hottest debates in the field, and CRIMINOLOGY: THE CORE, Sixth Edition, does not disappoint. Clear, engaging, and completely current, this four-color paperback is also concise and affordable. The text effectively uses real-world material to clarify concepts and theories, equipping students with a solid foundation in modern criminology. Grounded in Siegel's signature style -- cutting-edge theory plus meticulous research -- this book covers all sides of an issue without taking a political or theoretical position and provides a broad view of the interdisciplinary nature of the field. This edition includes the latest insights into political crime; terrorism (e.g., ISIS, lone wolves; white-collar, blue-collar, and green-collar crime; cyber crime; transnational crime (e.g. sex-trafficking); and many other topics. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Hillbilly-Elegie

Die Geschichte meiner Familie und einer Gesellschaft in der Krise

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Author: J. D. Vance

Publisher: Ullstein Buchverlage

ISBN: 3843715777

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 304

View: 1040

Seine Großeltern versuchten, mit Fleiß und Mobilität der Armut zu entkommen und sich in der Mitte der Gesellschaft zu etablieren. Doch letztlich war alles vergeblich. J. D. Vance erzählt die Geschichte seiner Familie — eine Geschichte vom Scheitern und von der Resignation einer ganzen Bevölkerungsschicht. Armut und Chaos, Hilflosigkeit und Gewalt, Drogen und Alkohol: Genau in diesem Teufelskreis befinden sich viele weiße Arbeiterfamilien in den USA — entfremdet von der politischen Führung, abgehängt vom Rest der Gesellschaft, anfällig für populistische Parolen. Früher konnten sich die »Hillbillys«, die weißen Fabrikarbeiter, erhoffen, sich zu Wohlstand zu schuften. Doch spätestens gegen Ende des 20sten Jahrhunderts zog der Niedergang der alten Industrien ihre Familien in eine Abwärtsspirale, in der sie bis heute stecken. Vance gelingt es wie keinem anderen, diese ausweglose Situation und die Krise einer ganzen Gesellschaft eindrücklich zu schildern. Sein Buch bewegte Millionen von Lesern in den USA und erklärt nicht zuletzt den Wahltriumph eines Donald Trump.

African-American Perspectives on Crime Causation, Criminal Justice Administration, and Crime Prevention

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Author: Anne Thomas Sulton

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 2729

African-American Perspectives is a collection of articles offering fresh and exciting ways of thinking about urban crime and its control. These articles, written by leading African American criminologists and practitioners, provide critical insights into several of the most pressing crime problems plaguing America's inner cities. The authors provide incisive and timely examinations of a wide range of contemporary urban crime issues, including youth violence, gangs, victimization of foreign visitors, police brutality and HIV/AIDS among prisoners. The authors also propose numerous innovative recommendations for crime control and prevention. Written by leading African-American criminologists and practitioners. Offers dozens of innovative recommendations for reducing crime. Suggests fresh and exciting new ways of thinking about a wide range of contemporary crime problems.

Criminological theories

traditional and non-traditional voices and themes

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Author: Imogene L. Moyer

Publisher: Sage Publications, Inc

ISBN: 9780803958500

Category: Social Science

Page: 376

View: 5945

This comprehensive textbook not only offers a detailed presentation of theoretical perspectives and theorists, but also includes a history of the social environment for each theoretical perspective and biographies of the various theorists. Unlike other comparable criminology texts, Imogene L. Moyer includes discussions of the levels of analysis and the assumptions of the theorists regarding society and people. In addition to covering the traditional theories, the book features currently developing feminist and peacemaking theories, as well as theories from people of color. Exerts from the original sources are frequently incorporated into the chapters. The text features flow charts, photographs, inset biographical sketches, and disc

Explaining Criminal Conduct

Theories and Systems in Criminology

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Author: Paul Knepper

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 2226

How do we understand the nature and origin of crime in society today? Criminology is the special field of study that addresses this question, and criminologists have offered hundreds of explanations for crime. In his book, Explaining Criminal Conduct, Knepper argues that these many different explanations derive from seven basic, organizing areas relative to our ideas about human nature, the human body, the mind, society, language, [race relations, and spirituality]. He assesses how adequately each area helps us understand crime and the criminal, and the theoretical positions that shape ongoing social policy. The first chapter introduces the process of intellectual inquiry that is followed in criminology. Chapters Two through Eight each consider one of the basic theoretical areas of criminological explanation, beginning with the thought of a key founder and tracing its elaboration through contemporary practice. In addition, each chapter assesses the coherence of that particular approach and its value in the formation of public policy. The final chapter sketches a moral basis for government intervention. The criminologist's task is not just to uncover some unknown source of criminal behavior by means of social-scientific technique. Criminology's greatest promise lies in its articulation of those enduring elements of moral tradition that provide an appropriate basis for ethical public policy concerning crime. Explaining Criminal Conduct expresses the hope for an understanding of criminal conduct grounded in respect for the dignity of each human being.

Criminology

A Sociological Approach

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Author: Piers Beirne,James W. Messerschmidt

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195394764

Category: Social Science

Page: 444

View: 5676

Ideal for undergraduate courses in criminology--especially those taught from a critical perspective--Criminology: A Sociological Approach, Fifth Edition, is a comprehensive yet highly accessible introduction to the study of crime and criminological theory. Authors Piers Beirne and James W. Messerschmidt present the topic from a sociological standpoint, emphasizing the social construction of crime and showing how crime relates to gender, class, race, and age. Providing students with a strong theoretical foundation, the book also addresses historical, feminist, and comparative perspectives and highlights the major types of crime and victimization patterns. The text is divided into three Parts: * Part I focuses on three questions: "What is crime?" "How can we measure how much crime there is in the United States?" and finally, "How can we compare rates of crime in different societies?" * Part II is a systematic guide to modern criminological theory and its historical development. * Part III examines specific types of crime, including property crime, interpersonal violence, white-collar crime, and political crime. Written in student-friendly language, Criminology uses abundant illustrations, examples, and case studies to elucidate key points. The text also offers many helpful learning aids, including chapter previews, lists of key terms, chapter reviews, questions for class discussion, and suggestions for further study. NEW TO THE FIFTH EDITION * Moves the theory chapters to earlier in the book, helping to better connect them with one another * Reorganizes the chapters on theory to showcase the self-contained, internally coherent nature of criminology--rather than criminology's place in the historical record * Adds examples throughout * Presents new and up-to-date empirical data in all sections * Discusses many new topics, including cultural criminology and green criminology * Covers numerous types of crime that were not discussed in previous editions (e.g., whiteness and crime, the rape-war connection, Ponzi schemes, domestic right-wing terrorism, and state- sanctioned torture)

Religion and Suicide in the African-American Community

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Author: Kevin E. Early

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780313284700

Category: Psychology

Page: 132

View: 9535

Suicide among African Americans occurs at about half the rate with which it occurs among white Americans. Why is the black rate of suicide so much lower, particularly when one considers the effects of racism and other socio-economic factors? One answer that has been offered is that churches within the African-American community have a greater influence than among white Americans and that black churches provide amelioration of social forces that would otherwise lead to suicide. Now, for the first time, Early provides an in-depth ethnographic examination of the impact of the black church and confirms that there is a consensus within the black community opposed to the concept of suicide.

African American Fraternities and Sororities

The Legacy and the Vision

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Author: Tamara L. Brown,Gregory S. Parks,Clarenda M. Phillips

Publisher: University Press of Kentucky

ISBN: 0813136628

Category: Fiction

Page: 525

View: 2116

This second edition includes new chapters that address issues such as the role of Christian values in black Greek-letter organizations and the persistence of hazing. Offering an overview of the historical, cultural, political, and social circumstances that have shaped these groups, African American Fraternities and Sororities explores the profound contributions that black Greek-letter organizations and their members have made to America.

Encyclopedia of Race, Ethnicity, and Society

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Author: Richard T. Schaefer

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1412926947

Category: Social Science

Page: 1622

View: 6117

This three volume reference set offers a comprehensive look at the roles race and ethnicity play in society and in our daily lives. General readers, students, and scholars alike will appreciate the informative coverage of intergroup relations in the United States and the comparative examination of race and ethnicity worldwide. These volumes offer a foundation to understanding as well as researching racial and ethnic diversity from a multidisciplinary perspective. Over a hundred racial and ethnic groups are described, with additional thematic essays offering insight into broad topics that cut across group boundaries and which impact on society. The encyclopedia has alphabetically arranged author-signed essays with references to guide further reading. Numerous cross-references aid the reader to explore beyond specific entries, reflecting the interdependent nature of race and ethnicity operating in society. The text is supplemented by photographs, tables, figures and custom-designed maps to provide an engaging visual look at race and ethnicity. An easy-to-use statistical appendix offers the latest data with carefully selected historical comparisons to aid study and research in the area

Bruder und Hüter

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Author: John Edgar Wideman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518044414

Category: Afro-American criminals

Page: 371

View: 6003

Who Are the Criminals?

The Politics of Crime Policy from the Age of Roosevelt to the Age of Reagan

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Author: John Hagan

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 1400845076

Category: Law

Page: 328

View: 3424

How did the United States go from being a country that tries to rehabilitate street criminals and prevent white-collar crime to one that harshly punishes common lawbreakers while at the same time encouraging corporate crime through a massive deregulation of business? Why do street criminals get stiff prison sentences, a practice that has led to the disaster of mass incarceration, while white-collar criminals, who arguably harm more people, get slaps on the wrist--if they are prosecuted at all? In Who Are the Criminals?, one of America's leading criminologists provides new answers to these vitally important questions by telling how the politicization of crime in the twentieth century transformed and distorted crime policymaking and led Americans to fear street crime too much and corporate crime too little. John Hagan argues that the recent history of American criminal justice can be divided into two eras--the age of Roosevelt (roughly 1933 to 1973) and the age of Reagan (1974 to 2008). A focus on rehabilitation, corporate regulation, and the social roots of crime in the earlier period was dramatically reversed in the later era. In the age of Reagan, the focus shifted to the harsh treatment of street crimes, especially drug offenses, which disproportionately affected minorities and the poor and resulted in wholesale imprisonment. At the same time, a massive deregulation of business provided new opportunities, incentives, and even rationalizations for white-collar crime--and helped cause the 2008 financial crisis and subsequent recession. The time for moving beyond Reagan-era crime policies is long overdue, Hagan argues. The understanding of crime must be reshaped and we must reconsider the relative harms and punishments of street and corporate crimes. In a new afterword, Hagan assesses Obama's policies regarding the punishment of white-collar and street crimes and debates whether there is any evidence of a significant change in the way our country punishes them.

Was ist Theorie?

Theoriebegriff und Dialogische Theorie in den Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften

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Author: Peter V. Zima

Publisher: UTB

ISBN: 382524797X

Category: Social Science

Page: 308

View: 7884

Was ist Theorie und welche Bedeutung haben Ideologien und Werturteile für sie? Wie könnte ein kultur- und sozialwissenschaftlicher Theoriebegriff aussehen? Die Tatsache, dass eine zweite Auflage des vorliegenden Werks zustande kam, lässt das Bedürfnis nach einer konkreten Beantwortung der Frage erkennen. Das Buch antwortet auf die oben genannten Fragen, indem es zunächst klärt, wie sich Theorien in den verschiedenen Wissenschaftsbereichen definieren lassen. Anschließend werden die wichtigsten Theoriedebatten des 20. Jahrhunderts dargestellt, aber auch kritisch bewertet. Am Schluss des Bandes steht die Zusammenführung der unterschiedlichen Ansätze im Konzept einer Dialogischen Theorie, die den Besonderheiten der Kultur- und Sozialwissenschaften Rechnung trägt.

Criminology, 1998-1999

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Author: Mark L. Fisch

Publisher: McGraw-Hill/Dushkin

ISBN: 9780697391353

Category: Social Science

Page: 229

View: 5004

Criminology Today

An Integrative Introduction

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Author: Frank Schmalleger

Publisher: Pearson College Division

ISBN: 9780138482688

Category: Social Science

Page: 624

View: 438

Debates the primary issue of whether crime should be addressed as a matter of individual responsibility and accountability, or treated as a symptom of a dysfunctional society. Addresses the latest social issues and discusses innovative criminological perspectives within a well-grounded and traditional theoretical framework. Emphasizes the wide and interdisciplinary variety of academic perspectives which contribute to a thorough and well-informed understanding of the crime problem. Considers Jack Kevorkian and the issue of whether the "assisted death" should continue to be criminalized; the insanity defense and John E. du Pont; analyses of the Daubert standard and DNA testing, the FBI's new National Computer Crime Squad (NCCS), the Reno v. ACLU 1997 case on internet indecency, and much more. Includes an award-winning web site and numerous other supplementary resources.