Criminals and Their Scientists

The History of Criminology in International Perspective

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Author: Peter Becker,Richard F. Wetzell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521810128

Category: History

Page: 492

View: 9835

A history of criminology as a history of science and practice.

Crime and Criminal Justice in Modern Germany

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Author: Richard F. Wetzell

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 178238247X

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 3568

The history of criminal justice in modern Germany has become a vibrant field of research, as demonstrated in this volume. Following an introductory survey, the twelve chapters examine major topics in the history of crime and criminal justice from Imperial Germany, through the Weimar and Nazi eras, to the early postwar years. These topics include case studies of criminal trials, the development of juvenile justice, and the efforts to reform the penal code, criminal procedure, and the prison system. The collection also reveals that the history of criminal justice has much to contribute to other areas of historical inquiry: it explores the changing relationship of criminal justice to psychiatry and social welfare, analyzes representations of crime and criminal justice in the media and literature, and uses the lens of criminal justice to illuminate German social history, gender history, and the history of sexuality.

Bulletin

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Germany

Page: N.A

View: 7773

Engineering Society

The Role of the Human and Social Sciences in Modern Societies, 1880-1980

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Author: Kerstin Brückweh,Richard F. Wetzell

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137284501

Category: Social Science

Page: 318

View: 9708

Explaining crime by reference to abnormalities of the brain is just one example of how the human and social sciences have influenced the approach to social problems in Western societies since 1880. Focusing on applications such as penal policy, therapy, and marketing, this volume examines how these sciences have become embedded in society.

Degeneration, Normativity and the Gothic at the Fin de Siècle

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Author: S. Karschay

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137450339

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 304

View: 908

This exciting new study looks at degeneration and deviance in nineteenth-century science and late-Victorian Gothic fiction. The questions it raises are as relevant today as they were at the nineteenth century's fin de siecle: What constitutes the norm from which a deviation has occurred? What exactly does it mean to be 'normal' or 'abnormal'?

Policing World Society

Historical Foundations of International Police Cooperation

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Author: Mathieu Deflem

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 9780199274710

Category: Law

Page: 301

View: 5747

Deflem analyzes the history of international police cooperation from the middle of the 19th century until World War II. The text is a detailed exploration of international cooperation strategies involving police institutions from the United States and Germany as well as other European countries.

Control of Violence

Historical and International Perspectives on Violence in Modern Societies

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Author: Wilhelm Heitmeyer,Heinz-Gerhard Haupt,Stefan Malthaner,Andrea Kirschner

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441903839

Category: Social Science

Page: 622

View: 3445

The Control of Violence in Modern Society, starts from the hypothesis that in modern society we will face an increasing loss of control over certain phenomena of violence. This leads to unpredictable escalations and violence can no longer be contained adequately by the relevant control regimes, such as police, state surveillance institutions, national repression apparatuses and international law. However, before investigating this hypothesis from an internationally and historically comparative perspective, the terms and "tools" for this undertaking have to be rendered more precisely. Since both "control" and "violence" are all but clear-cut terms but rather highly debatable and contested concepts that may take multiple connotations. The main question is whether an increase in certain forms of violence can be explained by the failure or, in turn, "overeffectiveness" of certain control mechanisms. It is asked, for instance, which contribution religion can make to limit violence and, in turn, which destructive potential religion might have in its fundamentalist form. Moreover, the concept of individual self-control as well as social institutions and strategies of collective disengagement and de-radicalization are investigated with regard to their potential for controlling violence. The Control of Violence in Modern Society concludes with a re-examination of the hypothesis of a loss of control by specifying in what cases and under which circumstances we can speak of a loss of control over violence.

Politics and History of Violence and Crime in Central America

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Author: Sebastian Huhn,Hannes Warnecke-Berger

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 134995067X

Category: Political Science

Page: 330

View: 5557

This book highlights historical explanations to and roots of present phenomena of violence, insecurity, and law enforcement in Central America. Violence and crime are among the most discussed topics in Central America today, and sensationalism and fear of crime is as present as the increase of private security, the re-militarization of law enforcement, political populism, and mano dura policies. The contributors to this volume discuss historical forms, paths, continuities, and changes of violence and its public and political discussion in the region. This book thus offers in-depth analysis of different patterns of violence, their reproduction over time, their articulation in the present, and finally their discursive mobilization.

Foundational Texts in Modern Criminal Law

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Author: Markus D. Dubber

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199673616

Category: Law

Page: 432

View: 2592

Foundational Texts in Modern Criminal Law presents essays in which scholars from various countries and legal systems engage critically with formative texts in criminal legal thought since Hobbes. It examines the emergence of a transnational canon of criminal law by documenting its intellectual and disciplinary history and provides a snapshot of contemporary work on criminal law within that historical and comparative context. Criminal law discourse has become, and will continue to become, more international and comparative, and in this sense global: the long-standing parochialism of criminal law scholarship and doctrine is giving way to a broad exploration of the foundations of modern criminal law. The present book advances this promising scholarly and doctrinal project by making available key texts, including several not previously available in English translation, from the common law and civil law traditions, accompanied by contributions from leading representatives of both systems.

The Specter of Genocide

Mass Murder in Historical Perspective

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Author: Robert Gellately,Ben Kiernan

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521527507

Category: History

Page: 396

View: 667

Offers an up-to-date, comprehensive history and analyses of multiple cases of genocide and genocidal acts.

Kennedy in Berlin

Politik, Kultur und Emotionen im Kalten Krieg

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Author: Andreas W. Daum

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Berlin (Germany)

Page: 271

View: 5676

Beyond the Racial State

Rethinking Nazi Germany

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Author: Devin O. Pendas,Mark Roseman,Richard F. Wetzell

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 131673286X

Category: History

Page: N.A

View: 7345

The 'racial state' has become a familiar shorthand for the Third Reich, encapsulating its raison d'être, ambitions, and the underlying logic of its genocidal violence. The Nazi racial state's agenda is generally understood as a fundamental reshaping of society based on a new hierarchy of racial value. However, this volume argues that it is time to reappraise what race really meant under Nazism, and to question and complicate its relationship to the Nazis' agenda, actions, and appeal. Based on a wealth of new research, the contributors show that racial knowledge and racial discourse in Nazi Germany were far more contradictory and disparate than we have come to assume. They shed new light on the ways that racial policy worked and was understood, and consider race's function, content, and power in relation to society and nation, and above all, in relation to the extraordinary violence unleashed by the Nazis.

Intelligence and Statecraft

The Use and Limits of Intelligence in International Society

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Author: Jennifer L. Siegel

Publisher: Greenwood Publishing Group

ISBN: 9780275972950

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 5645

Developing new perspectives on the evolution of intelligence services over the past two centuries, this volume demonstrates that studying the historical context in which intelligence has evolved enriches our understanding of the nature of intelligence and its role in international relations today.

The Art of Law

Artistic Representations and Iconography of Law and Justice in Context, from the Middle Ages to the First World War

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Author: Stefan Huygebaert,Georges Martyn,Vanessa Paumen,Eric Bousmar,Xavier Rousseaux

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319907875

Category: Law

Page: 458

View: 2992

The contributions to this volume were written by historians, legal historians and art historians, each using his or her own methods and sources, but all concentrating on topics from the broad subject of historical legal iconography. How have the concepts of law and justice been represented in (public) art from the Late Middle Ages onwards? Justices and rulers had their courtrooms, but also churches, decorated with inspiring images. At first, the religious influence was enormous, but starting with the Early Modern Era, new symbols and allegories began appearing. Throughout history, art has been used to legitimise the act of judging, but artists have also satirised the law and the lawyers; architects and artisans have engaged in juridical and judicial projects and, in some criminal cases, convicts have even been sentenced to produce works of art. The book illustrates and contextualises the various interactions between law and justice on the one hand, and their artistic representations in paintings, statues, drawings, tapestries, prints and books on the other.

Is the Death Penalty Dying?

European and American Perspectives

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Author: Austin Sarat,Jürgen Martschukat

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139496522

Category: Law

Page: N.A

View: 9091

Is the Death Penalty Dying? provides a careful analysis of the historical and political conditions that shaped death penalty practice on both sides of the Atlantic from the end of World War II to the twenty-first century. This book examines and assesses what the United States can learn from the European experience with capital punishment, especially the trajectory of abolition in different European nations. As a comparative sociology and history of the present, the book seeks to illuminate the way death penalty systems and their dissolution work, by means of eleven chapters written by an interdisciplinary group of authors from the United States and Europe. This work will help readers see how close the United States is to ending capital punishment and some of the cultural and institutional barriers that stand in the way of abolition.

A New Understanding of Terrorism

Case Studies, Trajectories and Lessons Learned

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Author: M.R. Haberfeld,Agostino Hassell

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441901156

Category: Political Science

Page: 366

View: 3077

Terrorism is a complex phenomenon that cannot be understood through reading of a number of unrelated academic articles or a dry overview of the history of terrorism or the investigative techniques. For A New Understanding of Terrorism, the Editors have chosen a different paradigm. They have selected numerous case studies from actual events that illustrate various typologies of terrorist actions, be it from a separatist, nationalist, lone-wolf individual terrorist, religious fanatics or environmentalist orientation, and they present these cases within the context of following the trajectories of the terrorist activity, the terrorist act itself and, the response to the event from the relevant authorities. Some chapters concentrate on terrorist attacks that actually took place, others speculate about the possibilities of an attack occurring sometime in the future, such as the chapters on the Olympic Games, Aviation or Rail Security. When possibilities rather than a specific event are discussed, the authors of these chapters draw the attention of the reader towards the same direction—the reasoning, the actual event and the response that followed. The thorough analysis of the presented case studies and the applied counter-measures will, hopefully, if not curtail then possibly at least mitigate the operational and ideological strength of terrorist groups or individual actors. A New Understanding of Terrorism will enable the reader to make the connection between the emotional charge inherent in any terrorist activity, the cold-blooded tactics that lead to the terrorist event itself and the pragmatic and very straightforward, but at the same time very simplistically designed, strategic response that has to come from a synergy between academics, military and law enforcement brainstorming design in order to be more effective in the future. ABOUT THE EDITORS: M.R. (Maki) Haberfeld is a Professor of Police Science at John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York City. She has worked for the U.S. Drug Enforcement Administration, in the New York Field Office, as a special consultant. Prior to that she has served in a counter-terrorist unit in the Israeli Defense Forces and she left the army at the rank of Sergeant. She was also a lieutenant in the Israel National Police. For the past eight years, Dr. Haberfeld has been involved in developing, coordinating and teaching in a special training program for the New York City Police Department, where she teaches courses in police ethics, leadership and counter-terrorism. She was also an Academic Coordinator of the Law Enforcement Executive Police Institute for the State of New York, where she taught modules on counter-terrorism response. Agostino von Hassell is the president of The Repton Group LLC, a New York City based consulting group that deals mostly with national security issues. He has written numerous political and historical articles and is the author of two major military histories, Warriors: The United States Marine Corps and Strike Force: Marine Corps Special Operations. In 2003, he published a pictorial portrait of the United States—In Honor of America. He has taught as an adjunct professor in the graduate program of John Jay College of Criminal Justice in New York, teaching members of the New York City Police Department in subjects such as counter-terrorism and leadership. He is a life member of the United States Marine Corps Combat Correspondents, the National Defense Industry Association, the Association of Former Intelligence Officers and the Authors’ Guild.