Crime and Modernity

Continuities in Left Realist Criminology

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Author: John Lea

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 141293270X

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 443

'Lea has produced a serious and scholarly contribution of great interest to criminologists (whether "critical "or not), to post graduates, as well as the more advanced undergraduate. This is a book that is well written, absorbing, thoughtful and thought provoking' - The British Journal of Criminology Crime control is in crisis. Not only have levels of crime risen but, more important, crime is increasingly regarded as a normal aspect of the social and economic system rather than disruption or deviance. The blurring boundaries between the criminal and the normal are evident in a number of areas from the activities of multinational corporations to the life of the inner city. In this book, John Lea develops a broad historical and sociological overview relating the rise and fall of effective crime control to different types of social structures. It traces the process of modernisation and industrialisation from the eighteenth to the mid twentieth centuries which established the social preconditions for effective control and management of criminality. In the early years of the present century it is clear that these preconditions are now being progressively undermined as industrial society undergoes profound changes in its direction of development. The result is traced through a variety of types of criminality and the progressive debilitation of existing institutions and processes of crime control. A major feature of this book is its wide scope and imaginative application of historical and theoretical perspectives on modernisation and capitalist social development to the contemporary problems of controlling a wide variety of crime. It represents a significant contribution to the ability of criminology and the sociology of crime to confront the dilemmas and controversies of the twenty first century.

Geometries of Crime

How Young People Perceive Crime and Justice

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Author: Avi Brisman

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137546204

Category: Social Science

Page: 249

View: 8686

This book explores how young people perceive the severity of crime and delinquency. It particularly addresses whom or what they consider to be the victims of crime and delinquency, how they analyze and assess appropriate responses by the criminal justice system, as well as their place within it. The book proposes tools for developing a more elaborate and robust understanding of what constitutes crime, identifying those affected by it, and what is deemed adequate or appropriate punishment. In so doing, it offers thick description of young peoples' conceptions of and experiences with crime, delinquency, justice and law, and uses this description to interrogate the role of the state in influencing - indeed, shaping - these perceptions.

Invisible Crimes and Social Harms

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Author: P. Davies,P. Francis,T. Wyatt

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137347821

Category: Social Science

Page: 263

View: 3674

This unique collection explores the continuing invisibility of much crime and victimization, and the lack of adequate responses to them. Shaping the lens through which criminology and victimology is approached in the twenty-first century, the volume examines major issues including (in)justice, risks, rights, regulation and enforcement.

Key Concepts in Crime and Society

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Author: Ross Coomber,Joseph F Donnermeyer,Karen McElrath,John Scott

Publisher: SAGE

ISBN: 1473925150

Category: Social Science

Page: 200

View: 6705

"A crucial text for whetting the academic appetite of those studying criminology at university. The comprehensive engagement with key crime and deviance debates and issues make this a perfect springboard for launching into the complex, diverse and exciting realm of researching criminology." - Dr Ruth Penfold-Mounce, University of York "Essential reading for those new to the discipline and an invaluable reference point for those well versed in criminology and the sociology of crime and deviance." - Dr Mark Monaghan, University of Leeds Key Concepts in Crime and Society offers an authoritative introduction to key issues in the area of crime as it connects to society. By providing critical insight into the key issues within each concept as well as highlighted cross-references to other key concepts, students will be helped to grasp a clear understanding of each of the topics covered and how they relate to broader areas of crime and criminality. The book is divided into three parts: Understanding Crime and Criminality: introduces topics such as the social construction of crime and deviance, social control, the fear of crime, poverty and exclusion, white collar crime, victims of crime, race/gender and crime. Types of Crime and Criminality: explores examples including human trafficking, sex work, drug crime, environmental crime, cyber crime, war crime, terrorism, and interpersonal violence. Responses to Crime: looks at areas such as crime and the media, policing, moral panics, deterrence, prisons and rehabilitation. The book provides an up-to-date, critical understanding on a wide range of crime related topics covering the major concepts students are likely to encounter within the fields of sociology, criminology and across the social sciences.

The Cinema of Aki Kaurismäki

Contrarian Stories

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Author: Andrew Nestingen

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231850417

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 224

View: 5425

Aki Kaurismäki is an enigma, an eminent auteur who claims his films are a joke. Since 1983, Kaurismäki has produced classically-styled films filled with cinephilic references to film history. He has earned an international art-house audience and many prizes, influencing such directors as Jim Jarmusch, Quentin Tarantino, and Wes Anderson. Yet Kaurismäki is often depicted as the loneliest, most nostalgic of Finns (except when he promotes his films, makes political statements, and runs his many businesses). He is also depicted as a bohemian known for outlandish actions and statements. The Cinema of Aki Kaurismäki is the first comprehensive English-language study of this eccentric director. Drawing on revisionist approaches to film authorship, the text links the filmmaker and his films to the stories and issues animating film aesthetics and history, nostalgia, late modernity, politics, commerce, film festivals, and national cinema.

Limited Responsibilities

Social Movements and Criminal Justice

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Author: Tamar Pitch

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415086547

Category: Medical

Page: 233

View: 5951

Limited Responsibilities explores the interaction between the criminal justice system and the wider concerns of political and social institutions, including the welfare state, social work and forensic psychiatry. Using the key concept of `responsibility', Tamar Pitch critiques the classical theories of Anglo-American and Italian criminologies, examining the allocation of responsibilities to individuals and society. Looking at the shifting political relationship between criminal justice and the welfare system, Pitch considers the problems which arise in our understandings of responsibility, particularly in relation to the young and the mentally disabled. She also documents the centrality of responsiblity as an issue in women's struggles for legislation on sexual violence, as a paradigm of the politicisation of notions of crime, victimization and criminal responsibility. Limited Responsiblities will be of interest to lecturers, students and professionals in criminology, social policy and women's studies.

Marxism and Criminological Theory

A Critique and a Toolkit

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Author: Mark Cowling

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9781403945990

Category: Social Science

Page: 280

View: 7043

This volume details existing uses of Marxist thought in criminology, including examination of the work of Willem Bonger, Georg Rusche and Otto Kircheimer, as well as assessing the role of Marxist analysis within particular schools of thought such as Critical Criminology and Left Realism. Arguing for the continued relevance of Marxism in the post-Soviet era, this study also offers a 'toolkit' of Marxist theories detailing how theorists can make a fully systematic use of a set of Marxist ideas.

Metropole und Verbrechen

die Gerichtsreportage in Berlin, Paris und Chicago 1919-1933

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Author: Daniel Siemens

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag Wiesbaden gmbh

ISBN: 9783515090087

Category: History

Page: 444

View: 979

A comparative study of legal journalism as a reflection of the socio-political situation in Germany, France and the United States from the end of World War I to the rise of the Nazi government in Germany. German text.

Scapegoats of September 11th

Hate Crimes & State Crimes in the War on Terror

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Author: Michael Welch (Ph. D.)

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780813538952

Category: Social Science

Page: 222

View: 902

From its largest cities to deep within its heartland, from its heavily trafficked airways to its meandering country byways, America has become a nation racked by anxiety about terrorism and national security. In response to the fears prompted by the tragedy of September 11th, the country has changed in countless ways. Airline security has tightened, mail service is closely examined, and restrictions on civil liberties are more readily imposed by the government and accepted by a wary public. The altered American landscape, however, includes more than security measures and ID cards. The country's desperate quest for security is visible in many less obvious, yet more insidious ways. In Scapegoats of September 11th, criminologist Michael Welch argues that the "war on terror" is a political charade that delivers illusory comfort, stokes fear, and produces scapegoats used as emotional relief. Regrettably, much of the outrage that resulted from 9/11 has been targeted at those not involved in the attacks on the Pentagon or the Twin Towers. As this book explains, those people have become the scapegoats of September 11th. Welch takes on the uneasy task of sorting out the various manifestations of displaced aggression, most notably the hate crimes and state crimes that have become embarrassing hallmarks both at home and abroad.Drawing on topics such as ethnic profiling, the Abu Ghraib scandal, Guantanamo Bay, and the controversial Patriot Act, Welch looks at the significance of knowledge, language, and emotion in a post-9/11 world. In the face of popular and political cheerleading in the war on terror, this book presents a careful and sober assessment, reminding us that sound counterterrorism policies must rise above, rather than participate in, the propagation of bigotry and victimization. Michael Welch is a professor of criminal justice at Rutgers University. He is the author of numerous books including Ironies of Imprisonment and Detained: Immigration Laws and the Expanding INS Jail Complex.

Crime and fantasy in Scandinavia

fiction, film, and social change

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Author: Andrew K. Nestingen

Publisher: Univ of Washington Pr

ISBN: N.A

Category: Performing Arts

Page: 326

View: 1394

Crime and Fantasy in Scandinavia provides significant insight into the changing nature of civil society under the Scandinavian welfare state through the lens of popular culture. Nestingen argues that the growth and visibility of pupular cuture have been at the heart of the development of heterogenous "publics" in Scandinavia, demonstrating that novels and films have mobilized readers and viewers, serving as a preeminent site for debates over individualism, collectivity, national homogeneity, gender, and transnational relations. Andrew Nestingen is an assistant professor of Scandinavian studies at the University of Washington.

A History of Rape

Sexual Violence in France from the 16th to the 20th Century

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Author: Georges Vigarello

Publisher: Polity

ISBN: 9780745621708

Category: History

Page: 320

View: 363

This important new book, by one of the leading social historians in France today, analyses the changing meaning of rape through numerous case studies across the centuries. The book begins with a history of the relative tolerance of sexual violence in early modern France, and the tendency to condemn the victims by enveloping them in the shame of the act. It then traces the changing legal attitudes to sexual violence at the end of the eighteenth century, and the slow recognition of the role of moral violence in rape in the nineteenth century. Vigarello also stresses the importance of the new medical jurisprudence and the introduction of forensic psychiatry into the courtroom. But despite the increased number of convictions in the nineteenth century, it was only after the campaigns conducted by feminists in the twentieth century that the true gravity of rape as a crime against women's integrity was fully recognized. As a result, acts of sexual violence are no longer assessed in terms of the risk of debauchery, but in terms of the risk of 'psychic murder' and inner damage. A History of Rape is a valuable resource for students and scholars of social history, and anyone interested in changing attitudes to sexuality and sexual violence

Vampires, Dragons, and Egyptian Kings

Youth Gangs in Postwar New York

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Author: Eric C. Schneider

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 9780691074542

Category: History

Page: 334

View: 6289

They called themselves "Vampires," "Dragons," and "Egyptian Kings." They were divided by race, ethnicity, and neighborhood boundaries, but united by common styles, slang, and codes of honor. They fought--and sometimes killed--to protect and expand their territories. In postwar New York, youth gangs were a colorful and controversial part of the urban landscape, made famous by West Side Story and infamous by the media. This is the first historical study to explore fully the culture of these gangs. Eric Schneider takes us into a world of switchblades and slums, zoot suits and bebop music to explain why youth gangs emerged, how they evolved, and why young men found membership and the violence it involved so attractive. Schneider begins by describing how postwar urban renewal, slum clearances, and ethnic migration pitted African-American, Puerto Rican, and Euro-American youths against each other in battles to dominate changing neighborhoods. But he argues that young men ultimately joined gangs less because of ethnicity than because membership and gang violence offered rare opportunities for adolescents alienated from school, work, or the family to win prestige, power, adulation from girls, and a masculine identity. In the course of the book, Schneider paints a rich and detailed portrait of everyday life in gangs, drawing on personal interviews with former members to re-create for us their language, music, clothing, and social mores. We learn what it meant to be a "down bopper" or a "jive stud," to "fish" with a beautiful "deb" to the sounds of the Jesters, and to wear gang sweaters, wildly colored zoot suits, or the "Ivy League look." He outlines the unwritten rules of gang behavior, the paths members followed to adulthood, and the effects of gang intervention programs, while also providing detailed analyses of such notorious gang-related crimes as the murders committed by the "Capeman," Salvador Agron. Schneider focuses on the years from 1940 to 1975, but takes us up to the present in his conclusion, showing how youth gangs are no longer social organizations but economic units tied to the underground economy. Written with a profound understanding of adolescent culture and the street life of New York, this is a powerful work of history and a compelling story for a general audience.

Ökologie der Angst

das Leben mit der Katastrophe

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Author: Mike Davis

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783492238199

Category:

Page: 541

View: 8784

Kriminologie im Deutschen Kaiserreich

Geschichte einer gebrochenen Verwissenschaftlichung

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Author: Silviana Galassi

Publisher: Franz Steiner Verlag

ISBN: 9783515083522

Category: History

Page: 452

View: 8914

Warum werden Verbrechen begangen? Steckt das Bose in den biologischen Anlagen oder ist das soziale Umfeld fuer die Kriminalitat verantwortlich? Gibt es geborene Verbrecher? Ende des 19. Jahrhunderts werden diese Fragen zum Ausgangspunkt einer neuen Wissenschaft, der Kriminologie. Warum beginnen Mediziner und Soziologen gerade zu dieser Zeit, Kriminalitat wissenschaftlich zu erforschen? Welche Theorien werden entwickelt und diskutiert? Und welche Rolle spielt die Kriminalpolitik bei der Entwicklung der neuen Wissenschaft? Ist die Kriminologie an der Wende vom 19. zum 20. Jahrhundert ueberhaupt eine Wissenschaft? Diese Fragen werden hier fuer das Deutsche Kaiserreich erstmals eingehend und auf einer sehr breiten Quellengrundlage untersucht. eine "anregend geschriebene Studie. a Die durch das Konzept der Verwissenschaftlichung gewonnenen Schluesse sind sehr geeignet, auch die fortgeschrittene Diskussion zur Geschichte der Kriminologie zu bereichern." H-Soz-Kult.

Die Struktur des Verhaltens

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Author: Maurice Merleau-Ponty

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter

ISBN: 3110833107

Category: Philosophy

Page: 303

View: 8091