Crime and Community in Ciceronian Rome

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Author: Andrew M. Riggsby

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN: 0292785453

Category: History

Page: 267

View: 5231

In the late Roman Republic, acts of wrongdoing against individuals were prosecuted in private courts, while the iudicia publica (literally "public courts") tried cases that involved harm to the community as a whole. In this book, Andrew M. Riggsby thoroughly investigates the types of cases heard by the public courts to offer a provocative new understanding of what has been described as "crime" in the Roman Republic and to illuminate the inherently political nature of the Roman public courts. Through the lens of Cicero's forensic oratory, Riggsby examines the four major public offenses: ambitus (bribery of the electorate), de sicariis et veneficiis (murder), vis (riot), and repetundae (extortion by provincial administrators). He persuasively argues that each of these offenses involves a violation of the proper relations between the state and the people, as interpreted by orators and juries. He concludes that in the late Roman Republic the only crimes were political crimes.

Rom, das bin ich

Marcus Tullius Cicero ; ein Leben

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Author: Francisco Pina Polo

Publisher: Klett-Cotta

ISBN: 9783608946451

Category:

Page: 381

View: 8911

Historische Kriminalitätsforschung

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Author: Gerd Schwerhoff

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593393093

Category: History

Page: 234

View: 4482

Gewaltrituale, organisiertes Verbrechen oder verbotene Sexualität - kaum etwas charakterisiert eine Gesellschaft anschaulicher als das, was sie als abweichendes Verhalten definiert. Folgerichtig beschäftigt sich die Geschichtswissenschaft zusehends intensiver mit den typischen Erscheinungsformen von Kriminalität und ihrem Wandel in verschiedenen Epochen. Gerd Schwerhoff vermittelt in diesem Band die zentralen Fragestellungen, Methoden und Theorien der historischen Kriminalitätsforschung. Er skizziert die wichtigsten Deliktfelder vom Mittelalter bis in die neueste Zeit sowie das breite Spektrum möglicher Sanktionen und zeigt, welche Quellen wie genutzt werden können. Der Band gibt einen umfassenden Überblick über die Geschichte der Kriminalität und ihre Erforschung.

Brill's Companion to Cicero

Oratory and Rhetoric

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Author: James M. May

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN: 9047400933

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 646

View: 8681

This volume is intended as a companion to the study of Cicero's oratory and rhetoric, for both students and experts in the field. A group of impressive Ciceronian scholars have contributed articles that analyze in new and interesting ways the oratorical and rhetorical works of Cicero.

Violence in Roman Egypt

A Study in Legal Interpretation

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Author: Ari Z. Bryen

Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press

ISBN: 0812208218

Category: History

Page: 376

View: 9458

What can we learn about the world of an ancient empire from the ways that people complain when they feel that they have been violated? What role did law play in people's lives? And what did they expect their government to do for them when they felt harmed and helpless? If ancient historians have frequently written about nonelite people as if they were undifferentiated and interchangeable, Ari Z. Bryen counters by drawing on one of our few sources of personal narratives from the Roman world: over a hundred papyrus petitions, submitted to local and imperial officials, in which individuals from the Egyptian countryside sought redress for acts of violence committed against them. By assembling these long-neglected materials (also translated as an appendix to the book) and putting them in conversation with contemporary perspectives from legal anthropology and social theory, Bryen shows how legal stories were used to work out relations of deference within local communities. Rather than a simple force of imperial power, an open legal system allowed petitioners to define their relationships with their local adversaries while contributing to the body of rules and expectations by which they would live in the future. In so doing, these Egyptian petitioners contributed to the creation of Roman imperial order more generally.

Cicero's De Provinciis Consularibus Oratio

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Author: Luca Grillo

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190266376

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 9970

Perhaps no other single Roman speech exemplifies the connection between oratory, politics and imperialism better than Cicero's De Provinciis Consularibus, pronounced to the senate in 56 BC. Cicero puts his talents at the service of the powerful "triumviri" (Caesar, Crassus and Pompey), whose aims he advances by appealing to the senators' imperialistic and chauvinistic ideology. This oration, then, yields precious insights into several areas of late republican life: international relations between Rome and the provinces (Gaul, Macedonia and Judaea); the senators' view on governors, publicani (tax-farmers) and foreigners; the dirty mechanics of high politics in the 50s, driven by lust for domination and money; and Cicero's own role in that political choreography. This speech also exemplifies the exceptional range of Cicero's oratory: the invective against Piso and Gabinius calls for biting irony, the praise of Caesar displays high rhetoric, the rejection of other senators' recommendations is a tour de force of logical and sophisticated argument, and Cicero's justification for his own conduct is embedded in the self-fashioning narrative which is typical of his post reditum speeches. This new commentary includes an updated introduction, which provides the readers with a historical, rhetorical and stylistic background to appreciate the complexities of Cicero's oration, as well as indexes and maps.

Roman Law: Oxford Bibliographies Online Research Guide

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Author: Paul du Plessis

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199805156

Category:

Page: 25

View: 7228

This ebook is a selective guide designed to help scholars and students of the ancient world find reliable sources of information by directing them to the best available scholarly materials in whatever form or format they appear from books, chapters, and journal articles to online archives, electronic data sets, and blogs. Written by a leading international authority on the subject, the ebook provides bibliographic information supported by direct recommendations about which sources to consult and editorial commentary to make it clear how the cited sources are interrelated. A reader will discover, for instance, the most reliable introductions and overviews to the topic, and the most important publications on various areas of scholarly interest within this topic. In classics, as in other disciplines, researchers at all levels are drowning in potentially useful scholarly information, and this guide has been created as a tool for cutting through that material to find the exact source you need. This ebook is just one of many articles from Oxford Bibliographies Online: Classics, a continuously updated and growing online resource designed to provide authoritative guidance through the scholarship and other materials relevant to the study of classics. Oxford Bibliographies Online covers most subject disciplines within the social science and humanities, for more information visit www.aboutobo.com.

Rekonstruktionen einer Republik

die politische Kultur des antiken Rom und die Forschung der letzten Jahrzehnte

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Author: Karl-Joachim Hölkeskamp

Publisher: Oldenbourg Wissenschaftsverlag

ISBN: N.A

Category: Rome

Page: 146

View: 453

Cicero and the Jurists

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Author: Jill Harries

Publisher: Bristol Classical Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Foreign Language Study

Page: 240

View: 9693

This book traces Cicero's thought on law as an advocate; as the friend of jurists; as writer on the philosophy of the 'higher law'; and as a politician who both asserted and subverted the rights of citizens under the law. The Roman Republican jurists, hitherto largely neglected by historians, are placed in their intellectual, social and political context. As the institutions of the old Republic collapsed around them, the jurists disputed not only about legal niceties but also about fairness, trust and the rights and duties of the citizen. Although specialists, they were not culturally isolated. In the intensely competitive environment of Republican politics, senatorial jurists competed for office and honours; yet their low-profile activity could not compete with the showy victories of generals or the public performances of such advocates as Cicero. As an advocate, Cicero downplayed the contribution of jurists. But the vicissitudes of his career taught him the importance of Citizen Law as an expression of citizen rights.In the last years of his life he argued for a new integration of jurisprudence with the wider law of the philosopher and the statesman, but he also exploited the philosophy of the 'higher law' to deny 'bad citizens' their rights and to undermine the formal regulation of the Roman state.

Roman Law and the Legal World of the Romans

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Author: Andrew M. Riggsby

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052168711X

Category: History

Page: 283

View: 3190

In this book, Andrew Riggsby surveys the main areas of Roman law, and their place in Roman life.

Political Speeches

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Author: Marcus Tullius Cicero,D. H. Berry

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: N.A

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 345

View: 4187

'Two things alone I long for: first, that when I die I may leave the Roman people free...and second, that each person's fate may reflect the way he has behaved towards his country.' Cicero (106-43 BC) was the greatest orator of the ancient world and a leading politician of the closing era of the Roman republic. This book presents nine speeches which reflect the development, variety, and drama of his political career,among them two speeches from his prosecution of Verres, a corrupt and cruel governor of Sicily; four speeches against the conspirator Catiline; and the Second Philippic, the famous denunciation of Mark Antony which cost Cicero his life. Also included are On the Command of Gnaeus Pompeius, in which he praises the military successes of Pompey, and For Marcellus, a panegyric in praise of the dictator Julius Caesar. These new translations preserve Cicero's rhetorical brilliance and achieve new standards of accuracy. A general introduction outlines Cicero's public career, and separate introductions explain the political significance of each of the speeches. Together with its companion volume, Defence Speeches, this edition provides an unparalleled sampling of Cicero's oratorical achievements.

Antiquitas

Abhandlungen zur alten Geschichte

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Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category:

Page: N.A

View: 1036