Cosimo I De'Medici as Collector

Antiquities and Archaeology in Sixteenth-century Florence

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Author: Andrea Gáldy

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 571

View: 4969

This study is exploring the collections and the collector's aims in putting together one of the major examples of a princely collection of antiquities. Both the categories of the objects and the forms of display adopted at different times during Cosimo's reign are discussed in the historical context of a developing and expanding independent principality. Using a wealth of (mostly unpublished) archival sources, this volume attempts to reconstruct as far as possible the collection and its display in Florence. It also sets out the archaeological and artistic context of Cosimo's collection of antiquities that survives in part in the Florentine museums. Cosimo I de' Medici (1519-1574) collected antiquities from the moment he became Duke of Florence in January 1537. In so doing he continued a family tradition from the previous century and also connected with the cultural politics of the main line of the house of Medici.

Giorgio Vasari and the Birth of the Museum

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Author: MaiaWellington Gahtan

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1351565516

Category: Art

Page: 296

View: 5194

Giorgio Vasari and the Birth of the Museum offers the first dedicated and comprehensive study of Vasari?s original contributions to the making of museums, addressing the subject from the full range of aspects - collecting, installation, conceptual-historical - in which his influence is strongly felt. Uniting specialists of Giorgio Vasari with scholars of historical museology, this collection of essays presents a cross-disciplinary overview of Vasari?s approaches to the collecting and display of art, artifacts and memorabilia. Although the main focus of the book is on the mid-late 16th century, contributors also bring to light that Vasari?s museology enjoyed a substantial afterlife well into the modern museum era. This volume is a fundamental addition to the museum studies literature and a welcome enhancement to the scholarly industry on Giorgio Vasari.

Concepts of Value in European Material Culture, 1500-1900

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Author: Bert De Munck,Dries Lyna

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317162404

Category: History

Page: 304

View: 3005

In contemporary society it would seem self-evident that people allow the market to determine the values of products and services. For everything from a loaf of bread to a work of art to a simple haircut, value is expressed in monetary terms and seen as determined primarily by the 'objective' interplay between supply and demand. Yet this 'price-mechanism' is itself embedded in conventions and frames of reference which differed according to time, place and product type. Moreover, the dominance of the conventions of utility maximising and calculative homo economicus is a relatively new phenomenon, and one which directly correlates to the steady advent of capitalism in early modern Europe. This volume brings together scholars with expertise in a variety of related fields, including economic history, the history of consumption and material culture, art history, and the history of collecting, to explore changing concepts of value from the early modern period to the nineteenth century and present a new view on the advent of modern economic practices. Jointly, they fundamentally challenge traditional historical narratives about the rise of our contemporary market economy and consumer society.

Cosimo I De' Medici and His Self-Representation in Florentine Art and Culture

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Author: Henk Th. van Veen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521837227

Category: Art

Page: 265

View: 3081

In this study, Henk Th. van Veen reassesses how Cosimo de' Medici represented himself in images during the course of his rule. The text examines not only art and architecture, but also literature, historiography, religion, and festive culture.

Women Patrons and Collectors

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Author: Susan Bracken,Andrea M. Gáldy

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443834769

Category: Art

Page: 220

View: 5996

In looking at the history of collecting, one may be excused for regarding it as an activity in which, traditionally, women have shown little interest or in which they have not been involved. As the present volume shows, women—particularly aristocratic women—not only resisted this discrimination through the ages, but also built important collections and used them to their own advantage, in order to make statements about their lineage, power, cultural heritage or religious preferences. That is not to say that there was not an increasing number of middle-class women who became draughtswomen, painters and natural scientists and who found it equally beneficial for their chosen profession to collect. In every case, the female collector chose to collect and what to collect; she chose how and where to present the collection and she also decided when to dispose of objects, thereby occasionally taking on a curatorial role. Women have been seen as gatherers of furnishings, jewellery, dress and objects of domestic life. This third volume in the Collecting & Display series of conference proceedings challenges such perceptions through the detailed analysis of different types of collecting by women from the early modern period onwards; it thus seeks to give a voice to a group of important female collectors from the sixteenth to the early nineteenth century whose importance for the history of collecting has not yet, or not sufficiently, been acknowledged.

The Spanish Presence in Sixteenth-Century Italy

Images of Iberia

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Author: Piers Baker-Bates,Miles Pattenden

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1317015010

Category: Art

Page: 292

View: 7220

The sixteenth century was a critical period both for Spain’s formation and for the imperial dominance of her Crown. Spanish monarchs ruled far and wide, spreading agents and culture across Europe and the wider world. Yet in Italy they encountered another culture whose achievements were even prouder and whose aspirations often even grander than their own. Italians, the nominally subaltern group, did not readily accept Spanish dominance and exercised considerable agency over how imperial Spanish identity developed within their borders. In the end Italians’ views sometimes even shaped how their Spanish colonizers eventually came to see themselves. The essays collected here evaluate the broad range of contexts in which Spaniards were present in early modern Italy. They consider diplomacy, sanctity, art, politics and even popular verse. Each essay excavates how Italians who came into contact with the Spanish crown’s power perceived and interacted with the wider range of identities brought amongst them by its servants and subjects. Together they demonstrate what influenced and what determined Italians’ responses to Spain; they show Spanish Italy in its full transcultural glory and how its inhabitants projected its culture - throughout the sixteenth century and beyond.

The Chimaera of Arezzo

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Author: Mario Iozzo,Giuseppina Carlotta Cianferoni,Claire L. Lyons,Seth D. Pevnick

Publisher: Edizioni Polistampa

ISBN: 9788859606284

Category: Art

Page: 51

View: 9039

This volume is the catalog of the exhibition The Chimera of Arezzo , displayed at the J. Paul Getty Museum at the Getty Villa in Los Angeles from July 16th, 2009 to February 8th, 2010. Discovered outside of Porta S. Lorentino in Arezzo in 1553, this impressive Etruscan bronze dates back to the 5th century B.C. and is usually housed in the Museo Archeologico Nazionale in Florence. It depicts a mythical beast with characteristics of a lion, a goat and a serpent; she is the daughter of the giants Typhoon and Echidna, and was vanquished by the hero Bellerophon on the back of the winged horse Pegasus. For Florence, the Chimera is more than an exceptional archaeological artifact; it is a symbol, the first piece of a Granducal collection and an object much admired by Cosimo I, according to Benvenuto Cellini. Today, for the very first time, this unique and irreplaceable masterpiece of Etruscan bronzework will be presented to the American public along with several other works from the collection of the Getty Museum and Research Library. Beyond the presentation of the works exhibited, this volume outlines the history of the myth of the Chimera, and elaborates on this precious Etruscan bronze and the image of this monstrous creature in the Etruscan world through the scientific contributions of Fulvia Lo Schiavo, Karol Wight, Claire L. Lyons, Seth D. Pevnick, G. Carlotta Cianferoni, Adriano Maggiani, Mario Iozzo. English text (Italian-language version also available).

Power and Pathos

Bronze Sculpture of the Hellenistic World

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Author: Jens M. Deahner,Kenneth Lapatin

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 1606064398

Category: Art

Page: 368

View: 4799

For the general public and specialists alike, the Hellenistic period (323–31 BC) and its diverse artistic legacy remain underexplored and not well understood. Yet it was a time when artists throughout the Mediterranean developed new forms, dynamic compositions, and graphic realism to meet new expressive goals, particularly in the realm of portraiture. Rare survivors from antiquity, large bronze statues are today often displayed in isolation, decontextualized as masterpieces of ancient art. Power and Pathos gathers together significant examples of bronze sculpture in order to highlight their varying styles, techniques, contexts, functions, and histories. As the first comprehensive volume on large-scale Hellenistic bronze statuary, this book includes groundbreaking archaeological, art-historical, and scientific essays offering new approaches to understanding ancient production and correctly identifying these remarkable pieces. Designed to become the standard reference for decades to come, the book emphasizes the unique role of bronze both as a medium of prestige and artistic innovation and as a material exceptionally suited for reproduction. Power and Pathos is published on the occasion of an exhibition on view at Palazzo Strozzi in Florence from March 14 to June 21, 2015; at the J. Paul Getty Museum from July 20 through November 1, 2015; and at the National Gallery of Art in Washington, DC, from December 6, 2015, through March 20, 2016.

Scribes and Scholars

A Guide to the Transmission of Greek and Latin Literature

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Author: L. D. Reynolds,N. G. Wilson

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199686335

Category: History

Page: 325

View: 2621

It explores how the texts from classical Greece and Rome have survived and gives an account of the reasons why it was thought worthwhile to preserve them for future generations. In this 4th edition adjustments have been made to the text and the notes have been revised in order to take account of advances in scholarship over the last twenty years.

Collecting East and West

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Author: Susan Bracken,Andrea M. Gáldy,Adriana Turpin

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443852597

Category: Art

Page: 250

View: 8943

If collecting the rare and valuable is an entirely normal trait of human behaviour, amassing objects from far-away places has also long played a role in the history of collecting. “East” and “West”, or “North” and “South”, for that matter, are of course entirely relative to one’s particular geographical position. Therefore, it is interesting that collecting exotic objects is an endeavour that unites humanity over millennia and round the globe. The ancient Assyrians did so as assiduously as eighteenth-century collectors in Paris or London; Chinese emperors collected Western art and artefacts at a time when Western collectors started to gather ceramics, lacquered furniture, or South-East Asian prints. Key factors were, of course, increasingly frequent contact and an ever growing knowledge about the “other” and about the other’s artistic production. Of particular interest to the mission of this working group is the fact that the building of collections was only part of the endeavour but that, in many cases, the objects imported at huge cost and logistic effort were meant to be displayed in surroundings reminiscent of their original habitat, even though their exact original context may have been open to debate and their final exhibition surroundings may have been unrecognisable to anyone from their former home. Western collectors built Chinese cabinets for their exotic treasures, often complemented by depictions of Oriental tea parties. Less familiar is perhaps the fact that, from the seventeenth century onwards, Chinese emperors displayed their European collectibles in palaces built for them for this purpose in Western architectural style. The essays in the present volume, therefore, attempt to connect the collections of exotic objects with the forms of display adopted by collectors and institutions and thus chart the levels of increasingly informed and intimate encounters between East and West, scholars and collectors, art lovers and institutions from the early first millennium BC to the early twentieth century and from South-East Asia to North-Western Europe.

The Italic People of Ancient Apulia

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Author: T. H. Carpenter,K. M. Lynch,E. G. D. Robinson

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107041864

Category: Art

Page: 369

View: 5429

This book makes recent scholarship on the Italic people of fourth-century BC Apulia available to English-speaking audiences.

Collecting and dynastic ambition

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Author: Susan Bracken,Andrea Gáldy,Adriana Turpin

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: N.A

Category: Antiques & Collectibles

Page: 143

View: 4651

Michelangelo

Divine Draftsman and Designer

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Author: Carmen C. Bambach,Claire Barry,Francesco Caglioti,Caroline Elam,Marcella Marongiu,Mauro Mussolin

Publisher: Metropolitan Museum of Art

ISBN: 1588396371

Category: Art

Page: 392

View: 3116

Consummate painter, draftsman, sculptor, and architect, Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475–1564) was celebrated for his disegno, a term that embraces both drawing and conceptual design, which was considered in the Renaissance to be the foundation of all artistic disciplines. To his contemporary Giorgio Vasari, Michelangelo was “the divine draftsman and designer” whose work embodied the unity of the arts. Beautifully illustrated with more than 350 drawings, paintings, sculptures, and architectural views, this book establishes the centrality of disegno to Michelangelo’s work. Carmen C. Bambach presents a comprehensive and engaging narrative of the artist’s long career in Florence and Rome, beginning with his training under the painter Domenico Ghirlandaio and the sculptor Bertoldo and ending with his seventeen-year appointment as chief architect of Saint Peter’s Basilica at the Vatican. The chapters relate Michelangelo’s compositional drawings, sketches, life studies, and full-scale cartoons to his major commissions—such as the ceiling frescoes and the Last Judgment in the Sistine Chapel, the church of San Lorenzo and its New Sacristy (Medici Chapel) in Florence, and Saint Peter’s—offering fresh insights into his creative process. Also explored are Michelangelo’s influential role as a master and teacher of disegno, his literary and spiritual interests, and the virtuoso drawings he made as gifts for intimate friends, such as the nobleman Tommaso de’ Cavalieri and Vittoria Colonna, the marchesa of Pescara. Complementing Bambach’s text are thematic essays by leading authorities on the art of Michelangelo. Meticulously researched, compellingly argued, and richly illustrated, this book is a major contribution to our understanding of this timeless artist.

Collecting Nature

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Author: Andrea Gáldy,Sylvia Heudecker

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN: 1443875082

Category: Art

Page: 195

View: 4987

Nature can be collected in many forms and shapes: live animals have been locked up in cages, displayed in zoos and menageries and their hides and dried body parts have been used as part of installations in galleries and studies. Plants from far-away countries have been cultivated in botanical gardens and in hothouses. Furthermore, the depiction of medicinal plants and of prized animals was regarded as an important part of the decorative schemes, in an attempt to bring nature indoors. Recent research has also shown that artificialia and naturalia were displayed side by side in early modern Europe—sometimes in the company of scientifica—and that the exhibition set-up often included a complex arrangement of stables, kennels, aviaries, art gallery and library. Villas and country houses displayed favourite horses as well as paintings and antiquities. Botanical gardens and gardens of simples at monastic foundations and universities imposed order and intellectual scope to the cultivation of many new species imported to Europe during the age of exploration. Of particular interest to the mission of this working group is the fact that so many collections of naturalia were displayed in close proximity to other collecting categories, according to a similar choreography as well as according to a similar logistical set-up. Thus, the collections, outdoors as well as indoors, resemble one another in terms of labels adopted and discussions conducted on the respective merits of order and categorisation. The essays in the present volume, therefore, connect art, nature and science by tracing objects, as well as the practices of collecting and display from the early kunst- und wunderkammern to the more scientific aspirations and publications of the eighteenth century. Indoor as well as outdoor locations of collecting are considered as well as the dissemination of objects and knowledge in the form of books during a period, which gradually led from an intrinsic, if untidy, connection between art and nature towards a new world of clear, if unhappy, divisions.

The Medici Villas

Complete Guide

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Author: Isabella Lapi Ballerini,Mario Scalini

Publisher: Giunti Editore

ISBN: 9788809029958

Category: Travel

Page: 125

View: 4151

Court Culture in Dresden

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Author: H. Watanabe-O'Kelly

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 0230514499

Category: History

Page: 310

View: 7523

This is the first cultural history of Baroque Dresden, the capital of Saxony and the most important Protestant territory in the Empire from the mid-sixteenth to the early eighteenth century. Helen Watanabe-O'Kelly shows how the art patronage of the Electors fits into the intellectual climate of the age and investigates its political and religious context. Lutheran church music and architecture, the influence of Italy, the cabinet of curiosities and the culture of collecting, alchemy, mining and early technology, official image-making and court theatre are some of the wealth of colourful subjects dealt with during the period 1553 to 1733.

Display of Art in the Roman Palace, 1550–1750

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Author: Gail Feigenbaum

Publisher: Getty Publications

ISBN: 1606062980

Category: Art

Page: 384

View: 5931

This book explores the principles of the display of art in the magnificent Roman palaces of the early modern period, focusing attention on how the parts function to convey multiple artistic, social, and political messages, all within a splendid environment that provided a model for aristocratic residences throughout Europe. Many of the objects exhibited in museums today once graced the interior of a Roman Baroque palazzo or a setting inspired by one. In fact, the very convention of a paintings gallery— the mainstay of museums—traces its ancestry to prototypes in the palaces of Rome. Inside Roman palaces, the display of art was calibrated to an increasingly accentuated dynamism of social and official life, activated by the moving bodies and the attention of residents and visitors. Display unfolded in space in a purposeful narrative that reflected rank, honor, privilege, and intimacy. With a contextual approach that encompasses the full range of media, from textiles to stucco, this study traces the influential emerging concept of a unified interior. It argues that art history—even the emergence of the modern category of fine art—was worked out as much in the rooms of palaces as in the printed pages of Vasari and other early writers on art.

Laboratories of Art

Alchemy and Art Technology from Antiquity to the 18th Century

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Author: Sven Dupré

Publisher: Springer Science & Business

ISBN: 3319050656

Category: Science

Page: 200

View: 6078

This book explores the interconnections and differentiations between artisanal workshops and alchemical laboratories and between the arts and alchemy from Antiquity to the eighteenth century. In particular, it scrutinizes epistemic exchanges between producers of the arts and alchemists. In the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries the term laboratorium uniquely referred to workplaces in which ‘chemical’ operations were performed: smelting, combustion, distillation, dissolution and precipitation. Artisanal workshops equipped with furnaces and fire in which ‘chemical’ operations were performed were also known as laboratories. Transmutational alchemy (the transmutation of all base metals into more noble ones, especially gold) was only one aspect of alchemy in the early modern period. The practice of alchemy was also about the chemical production of things--medicines, porcelain, dyes and other products as well as precious metals and about the knowledge of how to produce them. This book uses examples such as the Uffizi to discuss how Renaissance courts established spaces where artisanal workshops and laboratories were brought together, thus facilitating the circulation of materials, people and knowledge between the worlds of craft (today’s decorative arts) and alchemy. Artisans became involved in alchemical pursuits beyond a shared material culture and some crafts relied on chemical expertise offered by scholars trained as alchemists. Above all, texts and books, products and symbols of scholarly culture played an increasingly important role in artisanal workshops. In these workplaces a sort of hybrid figure was at work. With one foot in artisanal and the other in scholarly culture this hybrid practitioner is impossible to categorize in the mutually exclusive categories of scholar and craftsman. By the seventeenth century the expertise of some glassmakers, silver and goldsmiths and producers of porcelain was just as based in the worlds of alchemical and bookish learning as it was grounded in hands-on work in the laboratory. This book suggests that this shift in workshop culture facilitated the epistemic exchanges between alchemists and producers of the decorative arts.

The Scholar in His Study

Ownership and Experience in Renaissance Italy

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Author: Dora Thornton

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN: 0300073895

Category: Architecture

Page: 214

View: 4910

In fifteenth- and sixteenth-century Italy, many leading citizens constructed and furnished distinctive studies for themselves. The study was an individually designed room for private and social use - as an office, library, a family archive or treasury, as the nucleus of an art collection, or as a space for contemplation. This book is an account of the Renaissance Italian study and its contents. Illustrated with depictions of studies and the precious and unusual objects they contained, the book examines the significance of the study to its owner and visitors, its structure and location, and the prized possessions that might fill such a special room.