We the Corporations: How American Businesses Won Their Civil Rights

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Author: Adam Winkler

Publisher: Liveright Publishing

ISBN: 0871403846

Category: Law

Page: 384

View: 2383

We the Corporations chronicles the revelatory story of one of the most successful, yet least known, “civil rights movements” in American history. We the Corporations chronicles the astonishing story of one of the most successful yet least well-known “civil rights movements” in American history. Hardly oppressed like women and minorities, business corporations, too, have fought since the nation’s earliest days to gain equal rights under the Constitution—and today have nearly all the same rights as ordinary people. Exposing the historical origins of Citizens United and Hobby Lobby, Adam Winkler explains how those controversial Supreme Court decisions extending free speech and religious liberty to corporations were the capstone of a centuries-long struggle over corporate personhood and constitutional protections for business. Beginning his account in the colonial era, Winkler reveals the profound influence corporations had on the birth of democracy and on the shape of the Constitution itself. Once the Constitution was ratified, corporations quickly sought to gain the rights it guaranteed. The first Supreme Court case on the rights of corporations was decided in 1809, a half-century before the first comparable cases on the rights of African Americans or women. Ever since, corporations have waged a persistent and remarkably fruitful campaign to win an ever-greater share of individual rights. Although corporations never marched on Washington, they employed many of the same strategies of more familiar civil rights struggles: civil disobedience, test cases, and novel legal claims made in a purposeful effort to reshape the law. Indeed, corporations have often been unheralded innovators in constitutional law, and several of the individual rights Americans hold most dear were first secured in lawsuits brought by businesses. Winkler enlivens his narrative with a flair for storytelling and a colorful cast of characters: among others, Daniel Webster, America’s greatest advocate, who argued some of the earliest corporate rights cases on behalf of his business clients; Roger Taney, the reviled Chief Justice, who surprisingly fought to limit protections for corporations—in part to protect slavery; and Roscoe Conkling, a renowned politician who deceived the Supreme Court in a brazen effort to win for corporations the rights added to the Constitution for the freed slaves. Alexander Hamilton, Teddy Roosevelt, Huey Long, Ralph Nader, Louis Brandeis, and even Thurgood Marshall all played starring roles in the story of the corporate rights movement. In this heated political age, nothing can be timelier than Winkler’s tour de force, which shows how America’s most powerful corporations won our most fundamental rights and turned the Constitution into a weapon to impede the regulation of big business.

Just Business: Multinational Corporations and Human Rights (Norton Global Ethics Series)

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Author: John Gerard Ruggie

Publisher: W. W. Norton & Company

ISBN: 0393089762

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 304

View: 7620

"A true master class in the art of making the impossible possible." —Paul Polman One of the most vexing human rights issues of our time has been how to protect the rights of individuals and communities worldwide in an age of globalization and multinational business. Indeed, from Indonesian sweatshops to oil-based violence in Nigeria, the challenges of regulating harmful corporate practices in some of the world’s most difficult regions long seemed insurmountable. Human rights groups and businesses were locked in a stalemate, unable to find common ground. In 2005, the United Nations appointed John Gerard Ruggie to the modest task of clarifying the main issues. Six years later, he had accomplished much more than that. Ruggie had developed his now-famous "Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights," which provided a road map for ensuring responsible global corporate practices. The principles were unanimously endorsed by the UN and embraced and implemented by other international bodies, businesses, governments, workers’ organizations, and human rights groups, keying a revolution in corporate social responsibility. Just Business tells the powerful story of how these landmark “Ruggie Rules” came to exist. Ruggie demonstrates how, to solve a seemingly unsolvable problem, he had to abandon many widespread and long-held understandings about the relationships between businesses, governments, rights, and law, and develop fresh ways of viewing the issues. He also takes us through the journey of assembling the right type of team, of witnessing the severity of the problem firsthand, and of pressing through the many obstacles such a daunting endeavor faced. Just Business is an illuminating inside look at one of the most important human rights developments of recent times. It is also an invaluable book for anyone wanting to learn how to navigate the tricky processes of global problem-solving and consensus-building and how to tackle big issues with ambition, pragmatism, perseverance, and creativity.

When Corporations Rule the World

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Author: David C. Korten

Publisher: Berrett-Koehler Publishers

ISBN: 162656289X

Category: Political Science

Page: 432

View: 5114

Our Choice: Democracy or Corporate Rule A handful of corporations and financial institutions command an ever-greater concentration of economic and political power in an assault against markets, democracy, and life. It's a “suicide economy,” says David Korten, that destroys the very foundations of its own existence. The bestselling 1995 edition of When Corporations Rule the World helped launch a global resistance against corporate domination. In this twentieth-anniversary edition, Korten shares insights from his personal experience as a participant in the growing movement for a New Economy. A new introduction documents the further concentration of wealth and corporate power since 1995 and explores why our institutions resolutely resist even modest reform. A new conclusion chapter outlines high-leverage opportunities for breakthrough change.

Corporations

Examples and Explanations

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Author: Alan R. Palmiter

Publisher: Aspen Publishers Online

ISBN: 0735578265

Category: Law

Page: 780

View: 7057

Examples & Explanations: Corporations is a practical and straightforward guide that has won enduring popularity by demystifying corporate law for students with no business background. Through clear introductions and visual aids, students are able to grasp the rules of corporate law and apply them in context, using the examples. A leading study guide in corporate law for over 15 years, Examples & Explanations: Corporations, now in its Sixth Edition, features: the time-tested and class-proven Examples & Explanations pedagogy --clear introductions are followed by questions in the form of examples (or hypos), followed by full and lucid explanations with analysis thorough coverage that tracks topics typically covered in a corporations or business organizations class statutes and cases presented in context examples that illustrate the intersection of law and business--and highlight the differences between the Model Business Corporation Act and Delaware law sensible organization that outlines the principal legal themes of corporate law helpful visual aids, such as tables and diagrams student-friendly writing style that neatly unpacks the intricacies of corporate law and requires no business background from the reader Updated throughout, the Sixth Edition includes: new cases on shareholder proxy access new developments in executive compensation new examples of institutional shareholder activism new cases on duty of good faith, the direct/derivative distinction, inspection rights, and the definition of independent director continuing coverage of Sarbanes-Oxley revised examples drawn from social responsibility and alternative energy business models Students struggling to understand corporate law will get more out of their casebook assignments and classroom experience if you steer them toward the help they need. Alan R. Palmiter's Examples & Explanations: Corporations is the leading study guide in this area--an authoritative, timely, and student-friendly aid to a more complete understanding of basic coverage, now in its Sixth Edition.

Ohio Corporations Other Than Municipal

As Authorized by the Old and New Constitutions and Regulated by Statute, with Notes of Decisions and a Complete Manual of Forms

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Author: Abraham Titus Brewer,Gustav Adolf Laubscher

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Corporation law

Page: 429

View: 4398

Corporations

A Contemporary Approach

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Author: Alan R. Palmiter,Frank Partnoy

Publisher: West Academic

ISBN: N.A

Category: Law

Page: 1080

View: 4235

Corporations and Morality

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Author: Thomas Donaldson

Publisher: Englewood Cliffs, N.J. : Prentice-Hall

ISBN: 0131770144

Category: Industries

Page: 214

View: 4350

The Corporation

An Epic Story of the Cuban American Underworld

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Author: T. J. English

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062568973

Category: History

Page: 592

View: 3960

“A mob saga that has it all—brotherhood and betrayal, swaggering power and glittering success, and a Godfather whose reach seems utterly unrivaled. What a relentless, irresistible read.” — Don Winslow, New York Times bestselling author of The Force A fascinating, cinematic, multigenerational history of the Cuban mob in the US from "America’s top chronicler of organized crime"* and New York Times bestselling author of Havana Nocturne. By the mid 1980s, the criminal underworld in the United States had become an ethnic polyglot; one of the most powerful illicit organizations was none other than the Cuban mob. Known on both sides of the law as "the Corporation," the Cuban mob’s power stemmed from a criminal culture embedded in south Florida’s exile community—those who had been chased from the island by Castro’s revolution and planned to overthrow the Marxist dictator and reclaim their nation. An epic story of gangsters, drugs, violence, sex, and murder rooted in the streets, The Corporation reveals how an entire generation of political exiles, refugees, racketeers, corrupt cops, hitmen, and their wives and girlfriends became caught up in an American saga of desperation and empire building. T. J. English interweaves the voices of insiders speaking openly for the first time with a trove of investigative material he has gathered over many decades to tell the story of this successful criminal enterprise, setting it against the larger backdrop of revolution, exile, and ethnicity that makes it one of the great American gangster stories that has been overlooked—until now. Drawing on the detailed reporting and impressive volume of evidence that drive his bestselling works, English offers a riveting, in-depth look at this powerful and sordid crime organization and its hold in the US.

Corporations

A Study of the Origin and Development of Great Business Combinations and of Their Relation to the Authority of the State

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Author: John P. Davis

Publisher: Beard Books

ISBN: 9781587980107

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 332

View: 9737

An early treatment of the history of corporations.

International Corporate Social Responsibility

The Role of Corporations in the Economic Order of the 21st Century

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Author: Ramon Mullerat

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN: 9041125906

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 510

View: 1037

"At present, Corporate Social Responsibility (CSR) for some may not be more than an attitude. Can it be more? What degree of commitment can we reasonably expect of corporations in the struggle to eradicate poverty, promote human rights, halt climate change and reverse ongoingenvironmental destruction? It is not a question of power; more than half of the worlds top 100 economies are corporations, not nation-states. Whatever can be done to "fix" the world's problems, corporations are in the best position to do [it]."--Back cover.

Of Corporations, Fraternities, and Guilds

Or, a Discourse, Wherein the Learning of the Law Touching Bodies Politique is Unfolded, Shewing the Use and Necessity of that Invention, the Antiquity, Various Kinds, Order and Government of the Same : Necessary to be Known Not Only of All Members and Dependants of Such Bodies : But of All the Professours of Our Common Law : with Forms and Presidents, of Charters of Corporation

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Author: William Sheppard

Publisher: The Lawbook Exchange, Ltd.

ISBN: 1584779217

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 187

View: 3141

Corporations

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Author: Steven Emanuel,Lazar Emanuel

Publisher: Aspen Publishers Online

ISBN: 0735572291

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 284

View: 6080

CrunchTime provides a comprehensive topic breakdown and critical information review all in one tool. The application flow charts can be used all semester long, but the capsule summaries are ideal for exam preparation. Each title offers capsule summaries of major points of law and critical issues , exam tips for identifying common traps and pitfalls, sample exam and essay questions with model answers, and recommended approaches for crafting essays that will get winning grades! CrunchTime Series Features: Capsule summary of subject matter Condensed format Flow charts illustrate major concepts Multiple-choice questions with answers Essay questions with model answers

Climate Change, Capitalism, and Corporations

Processes of Creative Self-Destruction

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Author: Christopher Wright,Daniel Nyberg

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316409325

Category: Business & Economics

Page: N.A

View: 7477

Climate change is one of the greatest threats facing humanity, a definitive manifestation of the well-worn links between progress and devastation. This book explores the complex relationship that the corporate world has with climate change and examines the central role of corporations in shaping political and social responses to the climate crisis. The principal message of the book is that despite the need for dramatic economic and political change, corporate capitalism continues to rely on the maintenance of 'business as usual'. The authors explore the different processes through which corporations engage with climate change. Key discussion points include climate change as business risk, corporate climate politics, the role of justification and compromise, and managerial identity and emotional reactions to climate change. Written for researchers and graduate students, this book moves beyond descriptive and normative approaches to provide a sociologically and critically informed theory of corporate responses to climate change.

Corporations, Crime and Accountability

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Author: Brent Fisse,John Braithwaite

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521459235

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 279

View: 4139

This book asks why corporations are rarely held accountable for corporate crime and proposes solutions to the problem.

The Business of America is Lobbying

How Corporations Became Politicized and Politics Became More Corporate

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Author: Lee Drutman

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0190215518

Category: Political Science

Page: 269

View: 4051

Corporate lobbyists are everywhere in Washington. Of the 100 organizations that spend the most on lobbying, 95 represent business. The largest companies now have upwards of 100 lobbyists representing them. How did American businesses become so invested in politics? And what does all their money buy? Drawing on extensive data and original interviews with corporate lobbyists, The Business of America is Lobbying provides a fascinating and detailed picture of what corporations do in Washington, why they do it, and why it matters. Prior to the 1970s, very few corporations had Washington offices. But a wave of new government regulations and declining economic conditions mobilized business leaders. Companies developed new political capacities, and managers soon began to see public policy as an opportunity, not just a threat. Ever since, corporate lobbying has become increasingly more pervasive, more proactive, and more particularistic. Lee Drutman argues that lobbyists drove this development, helping managers to see why politics mattered, and how proactive and aggressive engagement could help companies' bottom lines. All this lobbying doesn't guarantee influence. Politics is a messy and unpredictable bazaar, and it is more competitive than ever. But the growth of lobbying has driven several important changes that make business more powerful. The status quo is harder to dislodge; policy is more complex; and, as Congress increasingly becomes a farm league for K Street, more and more of Washington's policy expertise now resides in the private sector. These and other changes increasingly raise the costs of effective lobbying to a level only businesses can typically afford. Lively and engaging, rigorous and nuanced, The Business of America is Lobbying will change how we think about lobbying-and how we might reform it.

The Corporate Records Handbook

Meetings, Minutes & Resolutions

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Author: Anthony Mancuso

Publisher: Nolo

ISBN: 1413322603

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 640

View: 9267

Keep your corporation valid in the eyes of the IRS and courts. If you've taken the time to turn your business into a corporation, chances are you'd like to see it stay that way. Your business card may say "incorporated," but if the courts and the IRS think differently, it's closing time. Meeting minutes are the primary paper trail of your corporation's legal life, so it's essential to know when and how to prepare these minutes. The Corporate Records Handbook provides all the forms and instructions you need to stay legal, including: Call of Meeting Meeting Participant List Notice of Meeting Certification of Mailing Acknowledgment of Receipt of Notice of Meeting Shareholder Proxy Meeting Summary Sheet Minutes of Annual Shareholders' Meeting Minutes of Special Shareholders' Meeting Minutes of Annual Directors' Meeting Minutes of Special Directors' Meeting Waiver of Notice of Meeting Approval of Corporate Minutes by Directors of Shareholders Cover Letter for Approval of Minutes of Paper Meeting Written Consent to Action Without Meeting The Corporate Records Handbook gives you the forms you need to keep required records, plus more than 75 additional resolutions to insert into your minutes. This edition has been updated to reflect the latest changes in the law. Forms are available to download at nolo.com.