Contextualizing Disaster

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Author: Gregory V. Button,Mark Schuller

Publisher: Berghahn Books

ISBN: 1785332813

Category: Social Science

Page: 214

View: 1390

Contextualizing Disaster offers a comparative analysis of six recent "highly visible" disasters and several slow-burning, "hidden," crises that include typhoons, tsunamis, earthquakes, chemical spills, and the unfolding consequences of rising seas and climate change. The book argues that, while disasters are increasingly represented by the media as unique, exceptional, newsworthy events, it is a mistake to think of disasters as isolated or discrete occurrences. Rather, building on insights developed by political ecologists, this book makes a compelling argument for understanding disasters as transnational and global phenomena.

Die Flutwelle

Roman

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Author: Mikael Niemi

Publisher: btb Verlag

ISBN: 3641121574

Category: Fiction

Page: 320

View: 4770

Wie würdest du dich verhalten im Angesicht einer Katastrophe? Hoch oben im Norden Schwedens regnet es schon fast den ganzen Herbst. Und dann zeigen sich im obersten Staudamm des Lule älv tatsächlich Risse. Keiner kann sich vorstellen, dass er brechen könnte. Doch dann geschieht genau das - die Katastrophe nimmt ihren Lauf. Das Wasser kommt in gigantischen Massen. Ein Tsunami im eigenen Land. Inmitten des Infernos eine Gruppe von Menschen, die unterschiedlicher nicht sein könnten und die nun aufeinander angewiesen sind, wollen sie überleben: Der Hubschrauberpilot, der kurz vor einem Selbstmord stand. Die Künstlerin, die mit ihrer Malgruppe in den Wäldern umherstreift. Die Schwangere, die an einen Schornstein geklammert um ihr Überleben kämpft und von einem anderen Schiffbrüchigen ins Boot gezerrt wird. Zwei Ingenierinnen, die schon lange vor der Gefahr gewarnt haben. Sie alle stehen vor einer gewaltigen Herausforderung: Sie kämpfen nicht nur ums Überleben, sondern auch um ihre eigene Menschlichkeit ...

Historical Disasters in Context

Science, Religion, and Politics

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Author: Andrea JANKU,Gerrit Schenk,Franz Mauelshagen

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136476253

Category: History

Page: 312

View: 1056

Growing concerns about climate change and the increasing occurrence of ever more devastating natural disasters in some parts of the world and their consequences for human life, not only in the immediately affected regions, but for all of us, have increased our desire to learn more about disaster experiences in the past. How did disaster experiences impact on the development of modern sciences in the early modern era? Why did religion continue to play such an important role in the encounter with disasters, despite the strong trend towards secularization in the modern world? What was the political role of disasters? Historical Disasters in Context illustrates how past societies coped with a threatening environment, how societies changed in response to disaster experiences, and how disaster experiences were processed and communicated, both locally and globally. Particular emphasis is put on the realms of science, religion, and politics. International case studies demonstrate that while there are huge differences across cultures in the way people and societies responded to disasters, there are also many commonalities and interactions between different cultures that have the potential to alter the ways people prepare for and react to disasters in future. To explain these relationships and highlight their significance is the purpose of this volume.

Cultural Psychology of Coping with Disasters

The Case of an Earthquake in Java, Indonesia

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Author: Manfred Zaumseil,Silke Schwarz,Mechthild von Vacano,Gavin Brent Sullivan,Johana E. Prawitasari-Hadiyono

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461493544

Category: Psychology

Page: 356

View: 8878

This book offers a broad theoretical foundation by relating and contrasting relevant international literature with the outcomes of a particular research project. It provides a critical reevaluation of the complex phenomena of coping with disasters on a general level by applying this integrative theory of disaster coping to a specific context. A cultural psychological model is developed in order to suggest ways of understanding and assessing local and cultural specificity. This interaction of the general and locally specific is central to our understanding of cultural psychology of coping with disaster. The book provides a basic overview, by presenting various approaches to coping with natural disasters and relating them to each other in a coherent manner. So far, most research approaches either focus on technical, social, psychological or cultural aspects of coping, neglecting their interconnectedness. Coping is seldom seen as an extensive, long-term process, in which disaster relief complexly interacts and is integrated with the local actors and conditions. Until now, a perspective is missing, in which the mentioned modes of coping are integrated with cultural interpretations and practices and long-standing forms of communal self-help, which possibly develop in places that are frequently threatened by natural disasters.

Zwischen mir und der Welt

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Author: Ta-Nehisi Coates

Publisher: Hanser Berlin

ISBN: 3446251952

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 2401

Wenn in den USA schwarze Teenager von Polizisten ermordet werden, ist das nur ein Problem von individueller Verfehlung? Nein, denn rassistische Gewalt ist fest eingewebt in die amerikanische Identität – sie ist das, worauf das Land gebaut ist. Afroamerikaner besorgten als Sklaven seinen Reichtum und sterben als freie Bürger auf seinen Straßen. In seinem schmerzhaften, leidenschaftlichen Manifest verdichtet Ta-Nehisi Coates amerikanische und persönliche Geschichte zu einem Appell an sein Land, sich endlich seiner Vergangenheit zu stellen. Sein Buch wurde in den USA zum Nr.-1-Bestseller und ist schon jetzt ein Klassiker, auf den sich zukünftig alle Debatten um Rassismus beziehen werden.

Psychosocial Capacity Building in Response to Disasters

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Author: Joshua L. Miller

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 0231519761

Category: Psychology

Page: 360

View: 5809

Disaster responders treat more than just the immediate emotional and psychological trauma of victims: they empower individuals and families to heal themselves long into a disaster's aftermath. This requires helping survivors to rebuild their ability to meet their emotional and psychological needs, not only for themselves but also for others, which necessitates a careful consideration of survivors' social, economic, and political realities as their communities heal and recover. This comprehensive book integrates Western mental health approaches and international models of psychosocial capacity building within a social ecology framework, providing practitioners and volunteers with a blueprint for individual, family, group, and community interventions. Joshua L. Miller focuses on a range of disasters at local, regional, national, and international levels. Global case studies explore the social, psychological, economic, political, and cultural issues affecting various reactions to disaster and illustrate the importance of drawing on local cultural practices to promote empowerment and resiliency. Miller encourages developing people's capacity to direct their own recovery, using a social ecology framework to conceptualize disasters and their consequences. He also considers sources of vulnerability and how to support individual, family, and community resiliency; adapt and implement traditional disaster mental health interventions in different contexts; use groups and activities to facilitate recovery as part of a larger strategy of psychosocial capacity building; and foster collective grieving and memorializing. Miller's text examines the unique dynamics of intergroup conflict and the relationship between psychosocial healing, social justice, and peace and reconciliation. Each chapter ends with a mindfulness exercise, and a section reviews practitioner self-care.

Governance of Risk, Hazards and Disasters

Trends in Theory and Practice

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Author: Giuseppe Forino,Sara Bonati,Lina Maria Calandra

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1315463873

Category: Science

Page: 296

View: 587

Growing debates around governance are taking place among academic, policy-making, and practice-based communities. In light of the increasing focus on governance, this book presents and discusses governance as a framework that is able to both conceptualize and contextualize risks and disasters as currently experienced and managed into social systems. Contributions offer a variety of perspectives, experiences and socio-cultural contexts which have identified the challenges, opportunities and critiques of promoting governance. Part I explores approaches, models, and keywords as applied to risk and disaster governance theory. Part II investigates practices of risk governance and associated issues by focusing on disaster risk reduction policy and practice. Finally, Part III explores practices of disaster governance and associated issues, by focusing on disaster recovery experiences. This book highlights cutting-edge recent theoretical and empirical trends and is a valuable resource for students, academics, practitioners and policy-makers interested in risk and disaster governance.

Die Organisation des Wissens

Wie japanische Unternehmen eine brachliegende Ressource nutzbar machen

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Author: Ikujiro Nonaka,Hirotaka Takeuchi

Publisher: Campus Verlag

ISBN: 3593396319

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 320

View: 6221

In jedem Mitarbeiter schlummert wertvolles Wissen. Wer seine Firma richtig organisiert, kann diese Schätze heben. Japanische Manager haben dies früh begriffen und ihren Unternehmen langfristige Wettbewerbsvorteile verschafft. Anhand ausführlicher Fallbeispiele erläutern die Autoren in diesem Klassiker der Managementliteratur, wie Führungskräfte die Ressource Wissen nutzbar machen und sie in erfolgreiche Produkte und Technologien umwandeln können. "Dies ist das bisher kreativste Buch über Management aus Japan. Absolute Pflichtlektüre für Manager in einer Welt ohne Grenzen." Kenichi Ohmae "Ein wichtiges Buch für die Unternehmenspraxis." Michael E. Porter "Mit Nonakas Thesen zeichnet sich ein Paradigmenwechsel ab." Wirtschaftswoche "Spannend geschrieben, mit vielen Aha-Erlebnissen beim Lesen." ManagerSeminare

Making a Market for Acts of God

The Practice of Risk Trading in the Global Reinsurance Industry

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Author: Paula Jarzabkowski,Rebecca Bednarek,Paul Spee

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 0199664765

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 231

View: 7647

Reinsurance is a financial market that trades in the risk of unpredictable and devastating disasters - such as Hurricane Katrina, the Tohoku earthquake and tsunami, and the terrorist attacks on the World Trade Centre. Such disasters are increasing in both frequency and severity, with the cost of their losses mounting rapidly. Reinsurance insures insurance companies, enabling them to pay claims arising from these losses. It is thus a market mechanism that is a critical part of the social and economic safety net, helping to pick up the pieces after disasters. Yet, how is the risk of such disasters calculated and traded in a global market? This book brings to life the reinsurance market through vivid real-life tales that draw from an ethnographic, "fly-on-the-wall" study of the global reinsurance industry over three annual cycles. The authors shadowed underwriters around the world as they traded risks through multiple disasters. For instance, this book takes readers into the desperate hours of pricing Japanese risks during March 2011, while the devastating aftermath of the Tohoku earthquake is unfolding. To show how the market works, the book offers authentic tales gathered from observations of reinsurers in Bermuda, Lloyd's of London, Continental Europe and SE Asia as they evaluate, price and compete for different risks as part of their everyday practice. Understanding how this market for disasters works has never been more critical given the impact of climate change and increased global connectivity, where a flood in one country can trigger losses to supply chains around the world. The authors develop a novel concept of how global markets work, which advances scholarship and challenges current thinking about how financial markets trade in intangible assets such as risk. This book will be useful to readers interested in markets for disasters, insurance, reinsurance and financial markets, and academics interested in the practice of financial markets specifically or the practice of strategy and organizations generally.

Grundbegriffe Ganztagsbildung

Das Handbuch

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Author: Thomas Coelen,Hans-Uwe Otto

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 9783531153674

Category: Education

Page: 992

View: 8295

Ganztagsbildung ist zu einem Schlüsselbegriff in der gegenwärtigen Bildungsdebatte geworden, der neue Perspektiven auf ein umfassendes Bildungsverständnis in der Wissensgesellschaft eröffnet. Er kennzeichnet innovative Kooperationsformen zwischen Schule, Jugendhilfe und anderen soziokulturellen Einrichtungen, mit dem Ziel, allen Kindern und Jugendlichen eine ganzheitliche Erziehung und Bildung zu ermöglichen. Die 'Grundbegriffe' bieten als Handbuch erstmalig einen umfassenden Gesamtüberblick, in dem das Handlungsfeld terminologisch geklärt und systematisch erörtert wird. In ihrer bildungstheoretischen Fundierung und empirischen Verankerung werden Entwicklungen der Ganztagsbildung mit neuen Strukturen einer Politik des gerechten Aufwachsens verbunden und in bildungs- und sozialpolitischen Forderungen konkretisiert.

Disaster Capitalism

Three Plays

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Author: Richard W. Mitchell

Publisher: Intellect Books

ISBN: 1841504300

Category: Drama

Page: 299

View: 8122

The book includes three full-length plays: Shadow Anthropology (a dark comedy about the U.S. occupation of Afghanistan), Through the Roof (a Faustian trip through the social history of "natural" disaster in New Orleans), and Celestial Flesh (a sacrilegious romp through the 1980s sanctuary movement, sacred sex, and CIA drug running in a Los Angeles Catholic Church). Placing the plays within an historical and thematic context, the author introduces the collection with an essay examining catastrophe, capitalism, and what he calls "Apocalypse Theatre for the Twenty-First Century. & qu.

America's Disaster Culture

The Production of Natural Disasters in Literature and Pop Culture

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Author: Robert C. Bell,Robert M. Ficociello

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1628924624

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 176

View: 4547

Are we inside the era of disasters or are we merely inundated by mediated accounts of events categorized as catastrophic? America's Disaster Culture offers answers to this question and a critical theory surrounding the culture of "natural†? disasters in American consumerism, literature, media, film, and popular culture. In a hyper-mediated global culture, disaster events reach us with great speed and minute detail, and Americans begin forming, interpreting, and historicizing catastrophes simultaneously with fellow citizens and people worldwide. America's Disaster Culture is not policy, management, or relief oriented. It offers an analytical framework for the cultural production and representation of disasters, catastrophes, and apocalypses in American culture. It focuses on filling a need for critical analysis centered upon the omnipresence of real and imagined disasters, epidemics, and apocalypses in American culture. However, it also observes events, such as the Dust Bowl, Hurricane Katrina, and 9/11, that are re-framed and re-historicized as "natural†? disasters by contemporary media and pop culture. Therefore, America's Disaster Culture theorizes the very parameters of classifying any event as a "natural†? disaster, addresses the biases involved in a catastrophic event's public narrative, and analyzes American culture's consumption of a disastrous event. Looking toward the future, what are the hypothetical and actual threats to disaster culture? Or, are we oblivious that we are currently living in a post-apocalyptic landscape?

The Great Catastrophe of My Life

Divorce in the Old Dominion

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Author: Thomas E. Buckley

Publisher: Univ of North Carolina Press

ISBN: 9780807853801

Category: FAMILY & RELATIONSHIPS

Page: 346

View: 2428

Great Catastrophe of My Life: Divorce in the Old Dominion

The Northridge Earthquake

Vulnerability and Disaster

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Author: Robert Bolin,Lois Stanford

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134682328

Category: Science

Page: 264

View: 6326

This book provides a global view of the social effects of disaster in developed and developing countries. It focuses on the 1994 Northridge Earthquake in the US and other recent disasters to examine vulnerability and post-disaster recovery strategies. The authors also explore the ways state policy can reduce vulnerability in the future.

Koenig and Schultz's Disaster Medicine

Comprehensive Principles and Practices

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Author: Kristi L. Koenig,Carl H. Schultz

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139483269

Category: Medical

Page: N.A

View: 1999

As societies become more complex and interconnected, the global risk for catastrophic disasters is increasing. Demand for expertise to mitigate the human suffering and damage these events cause is also high. A new field of disaster medicine is emerging, offering innovative approaches to optimize disaster management. Much of the information needed to create the foundation for this growing specialty is not objectively described or is scattered among multiple different sources. Now, for the first time, a coherent and comprehensive collection of scientific observations and evidence-based recommendations with expert contributors from around the globe is available in Koenig and Schultz's Disaster Medicine: Comprehensive Principles and Practices. This definitive work on disaster medicine identifies essential subject matter, clarifies nomenclature, and outlines necessary areas of proficiency for healthcare professionals handling mass casualty crises. It also describes in-depth strategies for the rapid diagnosis and treatment of victims suffering from blast injuries or exposure to chemical, biological, and radiological agents.