Contentious Politics in the Middle East

Political Opposition Under Authoritarianism

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Author: Holger Albrecht

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: History

Page: 252

View: 3954

"A fine collection of empirically rich and thoughtful studies on a topic of considerable interest. Its fine-grained analyses of individual countries, organizations, and episodes of regime-opposition interaction make an important contribution to our understanding of authoritarian rule in the Middle East and beyond."--David Waldner, University of Virginia "Clearly addresses a gap in the literature on Middle East politics by focusing on various oppositions within different countries of the region. Deepens understanding of the concepts of opposition and contentious politics within authoritarian political systems."--Nicola Pratt, University of Warwick Scholarship examining the governments in the Middle East and North Africa rarely focuses on opposition movements, since those countries tend to be ruled by a centralized, often authoritarian government. However, even in an oppressive state, there are civil society and oppositional forces at work. The contributors to Contentious Politics in the Middle East reveal how such forces emerge and are manifested in nondemocratic states across the region. In most cases, the essays offer a comparative perspective, highlighting similarities across political borders. Providing historical context for current events, they examine the sociopolitical situations in Egypt, Syria, Jordan, Kuwait, Bahrain, Iraq, Morocco, Tunisia, Lebanon, and Algeria and analyze the role of Islam in Arab states' governments and in the opposition movements to them. They also demonstrate that not all opposition forces propose the overthrow of authority and point out the various forms opposition takes in societies that leave little room for political activism. The contributors to the volume are drawn from countries across three continents and bring backgrounds in political science, conflict resolution, and history. Challenging the assertion that state-society relations are limited to coercive top-down arrangements in authoritarian regimes, the book will inspire debate on the topic of contentious political participation within the region as well as in similar settings throughout the world.

Contentious Politics in the Middle East

Popular Resistance and Marginalized Activism beyond the Arab Uprisings

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Author: Fawaz A. Gerges

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137530863

Category: Political Science

Page: 566

View: 6760

While the Arab people took center stage in the Arab Spring protests, academic studies have focused more on structural factors to understand the limitations of these popular uprisings. This book analyzes the role and complexities of popular agency in the Arab Spring through the framework of contentious politics and social movement theory.

The Arab Uprisings Explained

New Contentious Politics in the Middle East

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Author: Marc Lynch

Publisher: Columbia University Press

ISBN: 023115884X

Category: Political Science

Page: 400

View: 7703

Why did Tunisian protests following the self-immolation of Mohammed Bouazizi lead to a massive wave of uprisings across the entire Arab world? Who participated in those protests, and what did they hope to achieve? Why did some leaders fall in the face of popular mobilization while others found ways to survive? And what have been the lasting results of the contentious politics of 2011 and 2012? The Arab uprisings pose stark challenges to the political science of the Middle East, which for decades had focused upon the resilience of entrenched authoritarianism, the relative weakness of civil society, and what seemed to be the largely contained diffusion of new norms and ideas through new information technologies. In this volume, leading scholars in the field take a sharp look at the causes, dynamics, and effects of the Arab uprisings. Compiled by one of the foremost experts on Middle East politics and society, The Arab Uprisings Explained offers a fresh rethinking of established theories and presents a new framework through which scholars and general readers can better grasp the fast-developing events remaking the region. These essays not only advance the study of political science in the Middle East but also integrate the subject seamlessly into the wider political science literature. Deeply committed to the study of this region and working out the kinks of the discipline, the contributors to this volume help scholars and policymakers across the world approach this unprecedented historical period smartly and effectively.

Islamist Politics in the Middle East

Movements and Change

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Author: Samer Said Shehata

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 0415783615

Category: Political Science

Page: 225

View: 9623

For over three decades, Islamist politics, or political Islam, has been one of the most dynamic and contentious political forces in the Middle East. Although there is broad consensus on the importance of political Islam, there is far less agreement on its character, the reasons for Islamist's success, the role of Islamist movements in domestic and international affairs, or what these movements portend for the future. This volume addresses a number of central questions in the study of Islamist politics in the Middle East through detailed case studies of some of the region's most important Islamist movements. Chapters by leading scholars in the field examine the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas, Hizbullah, Morocco's Justice and Benevolence, the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood, the Sunni Insurgency in Iraq and Islamist politics in Turkey and Iran. The topics addressed within this volume include social networks and social welfare provision, Islamist groups as opposition actors, Islamist electoral participation, the intersection of Islam and national liberation struggles, the role of religion in Islamist politics, and Islam and state politics in Iran, among other topics. All of the contributing authors are specialists with deep knowledge of the subject matter who are committed to empirically based research. These scholars take Islamists seriously as modern, sophisticated, and strategic political players. Together, their work captures much of the diversity of Islamist politics in the region and will contribute to the scholarship on a topic that continues to be important for the Middle East and the world.

Islamist Politics in the Middle East

Movements and Change

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Author: Samer Shehata

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136455361

Category: Political Science

Page: 240

View: 6326

For over three decades, Islamist politics, or political Islam, has been one of the most dynamic and contentious political forces in the Middle East. Although there is broad consensus on the importance of political Islam, there is far less agreement on its character, the reasons for Islamist’s success, the role of Islamist movements in domestic and international affairs, or what these movements portend for the future. This volume addresses a number of central questions in the study of Islamist politics in the Middle East through detailed case studies of some of the region’s most important Islamist movements. Chapters by leading scholars in the field examine the Egyptian Muslim Brotherhood, Hamas, Hizbullah, Morocco’s Justice and Benevolence, the Jordanian Muslim Brotherhood, the Sunni Insurgency in Iraq and Islamist politics in Turkey and Iran. The topics addressed within this volume include social networks and social welfare provision, Islamist groups as opposition actors, Islamist electoral participation, the intersection of Islam and national liberation struggles, the role of religion in Islamist politics, and Islam and state politics in Iran, among other topics. All of the contributing authors are specialists with deep knowledge of the subject matter who are committed to empirically based research. These scholars take Islamists seriously as modern, sophisticated, and strategic political players. Together, their work captures much of the diversity of Islamist politics in the region and will contribute to the scholarship on a topic that continues to be important for the Middle East and the world.

Popular Politics in the Making of the Modern Middle East

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Author: John Chalcraft

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 110700750X

Category: History

Page: 525

View: 3911

A ground-breaking account of popular protest in the Middle East and North Africa from the eighteenth century to the present. A work of unprecedented range and depth, this book will be welcomed by undergraduates and graduates studying protest in the region and beyond.

Revolution 2.0

Wie wir mit der ägyptischen Revolution die Welt verändern

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Author: Wael Ghonim

Publisher: Ullstein eBooks

ISBN: 3843701830

Category: Political Science

Page: 384

View: 1328

Mit verbundenen Augen saß Wael Ghonim, Marketingchef von Google, 12 Tage im Gefängnis der ägyptischen Staatspolizei. Kaum war er wieder frei, wurden ihm vor laufender Kamera Bilder von getöteten Demonstranten gezeigt. Er brach in Tränen aus. Der Widerstand hatte ein neues Gesicht. Zum ersten Mal erzählt Ghonim von seinem Kampf gegen die ägyptische Regierung nach der Ermordung des Bloggers Khaled Said. Während der Protestbewegung gegen Präsident Mubarak gründete er die Facebook-Gruppe »We are all Khaled Said«, wo er zu Demonstrationen gegen das Regime aufrief. Zwei Wochen später trat Mubarak zurück. Wael Ghonim erklärt, warum eine Revolution in Ägypten unausweichlich war und was man daraus lernen kann: Er liefert die Blaupause dafür, wie wir Dinge verändern können – bis zur Revolution 2.0.

Egypt in a Time of Revolution

Contentious Politics and the Arab Spring

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Author: Neil Ketchley

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1316885852

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 2659

This book considers the diverse forms of mass mobilization and contentious politics that emerged during the Egyptian Revolution of 2011 and its aftermath. Drawing on a catalogue of more than 8,000 protest events, as well as interviews, video footage and still photographs, Neil Ketchley provides the first systematic account of how Egyptians banded together to overthrow Husni Mubarak, and how old regime forces engineered a return to authoritarian rule. Eschewing top-down, structuralist and culturalist explanations, the author shows that the causes and consequences of Mubarak's ousting can only be understood by paying close attention to the evolving dynamics of contentious politics witnessed in Egypt since 2011. Setting these events within a larger social and political context, Ketchley sheds new light on the trajectories and legacies of the Arab Spring, as well as recurring patterns of contentious collective action found in the Middle East and beyond.

Youth Activism and Contentious Politics in Egypt

Dynamics of Continuity and Change

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Author: Nadine Sika

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1108418805

Category: Political Science

Page: N.A

View: 5279

This book studies the role of youth movements in the Arab uprisings of 2010 and 2011, and the regime's responses to these movements.

SPD und Parlamentarismus

Entwicklungslinien und Problemfelder 1871–1990

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Author: Detlef Lehnert

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN: 3412501344

Category: History

Page: 315

View: 4505

Die SPD gilt als eine Partei der parlamentarischen Demokratie. Dies umso mehr, nachdem 1933 allein von ihrer Fraktion im Reichstag Hitlers Ermächtigungsgesetz abgelehnt wurde. Die Entwicklungslinien dorthin und seither werden in diesem Band nachgezeichnet. Dabei treten im Kaiserreich, in der Weimarer Republik und schließlich der Bundesrepublik unterschiedliche Problemfelder hervor. Neben dem politischen Wirken der SPD im und mit dem Parlamentarismus werden auch die sich zuweilen manifestierenden antiparlamentarischen Tendenzen und außerparlamentarischen Bewegungen mit einbezogen. Die jeweiligen Autoren behandeln zentrale Aspekte in ungefähren Zehnjahres-Abschnitten nach der Reichsgründung von 1871 bis zur Wiedervereinigung (auch der SPD) im Jahrhundert darauf.

Mein gelobtes Land

Triumph und Tragödie Israels

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Author: Ari Shavit

Publisher: C. Bertelsmann Verlag

ISBN: 3641148219

Category: Political Science

Page: 592

View: 9057

Die große Geschichte Israels Der renommierte Journalist Ari Shavit sieht Israel in einer halt- und ausweglosen Lage: als jüdisch-westlicher Staat in einer arabisch-islamischen (Um-)Welt seit seiner Gründung in der Existenz bedroht, andererseits Okkupationsmacht über ein anderes, das palästinensische Volk. Der Innovationskraft und Lebensfreude seiner Menschen stehen ein bröckelndes Gemeinwesen, zermürbende Konflikte, militärische Scheinerfolge und der Verlust internationalen Ansehens gegenüber. Was als gemeinschaftlicher hoffnungsfroher Aufbruch begann, insbesondere nach den Schrecken des Holocausts, der gemeinsame Bau von Eretz Israel, ist heute allgemeiner Desillusion und Desintegration gewichen. Shavit erzählt, zunächst auf den Spuren seines zionistischen Urgroßvaters, eine sehr persönliche Geschichte Israels während der letzten anderthalb Jahrhunderte, von Erfolgen im steten Überlebenskampf, aber auch von schuldbehafteter Tragik und unübersehbarem Niedergang.

Die Araber und der Holocaust

Der arabisch-israelische Krieg der Geschichtsschreibungen

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Author: Gilbert Achcar

Publisher: Edition Nautilus

ISBN: 3960541260

Category: History

Page: 368

View: 1483

Es gibt kaum ein explosiveres Thema als "Die Araber und der Holocaust" - das Terrain ist vermint, voller Vorwürfe und Gegenvorwürfe: Die einen werden beschuldigt, den Holocaust zu verleugnen; den anderen wird vorgeworfen, die eigene Tragödie auszubeuten und die der Gegenseite zu ignorieren. In seiner wegweisenden Untersuchung hat der Politikwissenschaftler Gilbert Achcar das Geflecht der unvereinbar scheinenden Narrative und ihre Rolle im Nahost-Konflikt untersucht. Er analysiert die verschiedenen arabischen Reaktionen auf den Nationalsozialismus, von den ersten drohenden Vorzeichen des Völkermords an den Juden über die Gründung Israels und die von Massenvertreibungen begleitete Zerstörung des historischen Palästina bis zur Gegenwart, und stellt sie in ihren jeweiligen historischen und politischen Kontext. Er kritisiert jede Geschichtsschreibung und politische Propaganda, die durch Antisemitismus und Holocaust-Leugnung motiviert sind. Berechtigte Kritik, darauf besteht Achcar, muss einhergehen mit ehrlicher Selbstkritik. Achcars Buch wirkt befreiend, weil es Möglichkeiten der Verständigung eröffnet, die seit Jahren durch einen erbitterten internationalen Propagandakrieg verschüttet werden.

Identity Politics in the Middle East

Liberal Discourse and Islamic Challenge in Egypt

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Author: Meir Hatina

Publisher: I.B.Tauris

ISBN: 085771340X

Category: Political Science

Page: 264

View: 2818

The role of Islam in the state has become one of the most contentious issues in modern Middle Eastern society. It holds a central position in every public debate over constitution, law and civil rights, as well as over the very essence of cultural identity. Here Meir Hatina sheds light on the issue of Islam in the state through the prism of Egypt during the twentieth century. He traces the continuity of Egyptian liberalism, from its emergence during the first half of the century through its repression following the July 1952 revolution, to the rise of secular liberalists such as Faraj Fuda in post-revolutionary Egypt. ‘Identity Politics’ reveals the assertive nature of the Islamic struggle, the desire to remake the state by fostering a close affinity between faith and power, worship and politics, which holds contemporary resonance for all Middle Eastern states.

Der Untergang des Morgenlandes

Warum die islamische Welt ihre Vormacht verlor

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Author: Bernard Lewis

Publisher: BASTEI LÜBBE

ISBN: 3838757920

Category: History

Page: 254

View: 9143

Die Probleme der islamischen Welt sind unübersehbar, ebenso deren Folgen für den Westen. Mit dieser provokanten Feststellung analysiert Beranard Lewis die historische Entwicklung des Orients - insbesondere des Osmanischen Reiches und seine Nachfolgestaaten: Die einstige Drehscheibe der Kultur, des Fortschritts und der Kunst verlor im Laufe der Geschichte ihre zivilisatorische Vormachtrolle gegenüber dem Westen und geriet in einen konfliktträchtigen Dualismus zwischen Tradition und Moderne. Das E-Book wendet sich an Leser und Leserinnen, die sich für Lösungsansätze der Krise zwischen der islamischen und der westlichen Welt interessieren: Themenfelder wie Wohlstand und Macht, soziale und kulturelle Schranken, Modernisierung und soziale Gleichheit, Säkularismus und Zivilgesellschaft. Zeit, Raum und Modernität sind die Leitfäden der Darstellung. Die Originalausgabe des Bandes aus der Feder des Princeton-Emeritus Lewis erschien unter dem Titel "What went wrong?".

Politischer Islam

Religion und Politik in der arabischen Welt

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Author: Nazih N. M. Ayubi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783451052798

Category: Arab countries

Page: 368

View: 2631

New Opposition in the Middle East

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Author: Dara Conduit,Shahram Akbarzadeh

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 9789811088209

Category: Political Science

Page: 216

View: 4689

This book uses a Contentious Politics lens to examine patterns of contestation since 2009 and 2011 among the Middle East's most important opposition actors. The volume is comprised of seven chapters that ask questions in relation to the responsiveness of opposition groups to their political environments, the long-term legacies of authoritarianism, and whether the post-2009/2011 political environment is better or worse for Middle Eastern oppositions. It interrogates the ways in which oppositions have morphed in relation to this changed operating environment, subjectively interpreting the costs and benefits of contestation in order to maximise political opportunities. To some oppositions, changes in the power balance between regime structures and opposition agents led to unprecedented opportunity for political action, while for others, structures were galvanised to restrict opposition activities. In total, the volume shows that even though the Arab Uprisings and Green Movement achieved few of their overt goals, the events unleashed smaller shifts across the region that have led to a fundamental change in the politics of contestation amongst the region’s oppositions. These patterns echo experiences in other parts of the world, including the coloured revolutions in post-Soviet states, and the political environment in Chile after Pinochet.

Contentious Politics

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Author: Charles Tilly,Sidney Tarrow

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0190255064

Category: Social Science

Page: 272

View: 5830

Revolutions, social movements, religious and ethnic conflict, nationalism and civil rights, and transnational movements: these forms of contentious politics combine in Charles Tilly's and Sidney Tarrow's Contentious Politics. The authors present a set of analytical tools and procedures for study, comparison, and explanation of these very different sorts of contention. Drawing on many historical and contemporary cases, the book shows that similar principles describe and explain a wide variety of struggles as well as many more routine forms of politics. This fully revised and updated edition explores some of the major contentious events that have taken place since the original book was published in 2007, including the Occupy movement in the United States, the campaign for free elections in the city of Hong Kong, insurrections against Middle Eastern dictatorships, and armed conflicts on the border of the former Soviet Union. Comprehensive and empirically rich, Contentious Politics, 2nd edition remains a valuable resource for developing a more nuanced understanding of modern social movements and political conflicts for students and scholars.