Contemporary Debates in Social Philosophy

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Author: Laurence Thomas

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470766476

Category: Philosophy

Page: 336

View: 348

In this important and engaging volume, international scholars present opposing viewpoints to debate ten of the most important issues in contemporary social philosophy. Provides an original analysis of some of society’s most pressing issues Written by an outstanding cast of international scholars Issues covered include the nature of freedom, the limits of religious tolerance, affirmative action, parenting, the death penalty, privacy, violence, world hunger, social diversity, homosexuality, and abortion Invites the reader to participate in the exchange of arguments

Contemporary Debates in Political Philosophy

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Author: Thomas Christiano,John Christman

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444310382

Category: Philosophy

Page: 488

View: 2217

This collection of 24 essays, written by eminent philosophers and political theorists, brings together fresh debates on some of the most fundamental questions in contemporary political philosophy, including human rights, equality, constitutionalism, the value of democracy, identity and political neutrality. Presents fresh debates on six of the fundamental questions in contemporary political philosophy Each question is treated by a pair of opposing essays written by eminent scholars Lively debate format sharply defines the issues, invites the reader to participate in the exchange of arguments and paves the way for further discussion Will serve as an accessible introduction to the major topics in political philosophy, whilst also capturing the imagination of professional philosophers Offers the unique opportunity to observe leading philosophers engaging in head-to-head debate

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science

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Author: Christopher Hitchcock

Publisher: Wiley-Blackwell

ISBN: 9781405101523

Category: Science

Page: 368

View: 9124

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Science contains sixteen original essays by leading authors in the philosophy of science, each one defending the affirmative or negative answer to one of eight specific questions, including: Are there laws of social science? Are causes physically connected to their effects? Is the mind a system of modules shaped by natural selection? Brings together fresh debates on eight of the most controversial issues in the philosophy of science. Questions addressed include: “Are there laws of social science?”; “Are causes physically connected to their effects?”; “Is the mind a system of modules shaped by natural selection?” Each question is treated by a pair of opposing essays written by eminent scholars, and especially commissioned for the volume. Lively debate format sharply defines the issues, and paves the way for further discussion. Will serve as an accessible introduction to the major topics in contemporary philosophy of science, whilst also capturing the imagination of professional philosophers.

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Biology

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Author: Francisco J. Ayala,Robert Arp

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 9781444314939

Category: Science

Page: 440

View: 7172

This collection of specially commissioned essays puts top scholarshead to head to debate the central issues in the lively and fastgrowing field of philosophy of biology Brings together original essays on ten of the most hotlydebated questions in philosophy of biology Lively head-to-head debate format sharply defines the issuesand paves the way for further discussion Includes coverage of the new and vital area of evolutionarydevelopmental biology, as well as the concept of a unified species,the role of genes in selection, the differences between micro- andmacro-evolution, and much more Each section features an introduction to the topic as well assuggestions for further reading Offers an accessible overview of this fast-growing and dynamicfield, whilst also capturing the imagination of professionalphilosophers and biologists

Questioning Ethics

Contemporary Debates in Continental Philosophy

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Author: Mark Dooley,Charles B Seelig Chair of Philosophy Richard Kearney,Richard Kearney

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134679254

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 9488

This major discussion takes a look at some of the most important ethical issues confronting us today by some of the world’s leading thinkers. Including essays from leading thinkers, such as Jurgen Habermas, Alasdair MacIntyre, Julia Kristeva and Paul Ricoeur, the book’s highlight – an interview with Jacques Derrida - presents the most accessible insight into his thinking on ethics and politics for many years. Exploring topics ranging from history, memory, revisionism, and the self and responsibility to democracy, multiculturalism, feminism and the future of politics, the essays are grouped into five thematic sections: * hermeneutics * deconstruction * critical theory * psychoanalysis * applied ethics. Each section considers the challenges posed by ethics and how critical thinking has transformed philosophy today. Questioning Ethics affords an unsurpassed overview of the state of ethical thinking today by some of the world’s foremost philosophers.

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Mind

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Author: Brian P. McLaughlin,Jonathan Cohen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 0470766328

Category: Philosophy

Page: 384

View: 1930

Contemporary Debates in Philosophy of Mind showcases the leading contributors to the field, debating the major questions in philosophy of mind today. Comprises 20 newly commissioned essays on hotly debated issues in the philosophy of mind Written by a cast of leading experts in their fields, essays take opposing views on 10 central contemporary debates A thorough introduction provides a comprehensive background to the issues explored Organized into three sections which explore the ontology of the mental, nature of the mental content, and the nature of consciousness

Contemporary Debates in Epistemology

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Author: Matthias Steup,John Turri,Ernest Sosa

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118328124

Category: Philosophy

Page: 400

View: 5254

Fully updated with new topics covering the latest developments and debates, the second edition of this highly influential text retains its unique combination of accessibility and originality. Second edition of a highly influential text that has already become a standard in the field, for students and professional researchers alike, due to its impressive line-up of contributors, and its unique combination of accessibility and originality Twenty-six essays in total, covering 13 essential topics Features five new topics that bring readers up to speed on some of the latest developments in the field, and give them a glimpse of where it's headed: Should knowledge come first? Do practical matters affect whether you know? Is virtuous motivation essential to knowing? Can knowledge be lucky? Can evidence be permissive? Substantially updates two other debates: Is there immediate justification? Can belief be justified through coherence alone?

Current Debates in Sociology & Philosophy

Current Debates in Social Sciences Series Volume 26

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Author: Şükrü Aslan,Bora Erdağı

Publisher: IJOPEC

ISBN: 1912503387

Category: Social Science

Page: 124

View: 4333

The articles in this book focus on some areas where classical sociology usually leaves out. In this respect, it is placed in a channel determined by critical sociological approach. This channel is an area where thousands of different forms of sociality and acquisitions are collected (relations, tensions, reflections, conflicts, compromises, change, transformation, etc.). The sociology of everyday life is also discusses, understands and explains the area of socialites that remain in this area. It must be noted that the sociology of everyday life not only reveals the place of individuals within the community, but also the place of sociality in "society". The sociological articles of the book in your hand are an example of this approach and initiative. In this book you will find two philosophical articles dealing with sociological articles from a more theoretical ground. In the modern world we will see that the current philosophy is not as archaic as it might seem, but in fact it has important potentials to understand this reified world.

Contemporary Debates in Bioethics

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Author: Arthur L. Caplan,Robert Arp

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118328477

Category: Medical

Page: 536

View: 6358

Contemporary Debates in Bioethics features a timelycollection of highly readable, debate-style arguments contributedby many of today’s top bioethics scholars, focusing on corebioethical concerns of the twenty-first century. Written in an engaging, debate-style format for accessibilityto non-specialists Features general introductions to each topic that precedescholarly debates Presents the latest, cutting-edge thoughts on relevantbioethics ideas, arguments, and debates

Identity and Difference

Contemporary Debates on the Self

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Author: Rafael Winkler

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331940427X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 286

View: 8447

This book provides a persuasive account of how identity and difference factor in the debate on the self in the humanities. It explores this topic by applying the question to fields such as philosophy, cultural studies, politics and race studies. Key themes discussed in this collection include authenticity in Michel de Montaigne’s essays, the limits of the narrative constitution of the self, the use and abuse of the notion of human nature in political theory and in the current political context of multiculturalism, and the feminist notion of the erotic and of sexual violence. This book will appeal to readers with an interest in new perspectives on the self within the humanities.

Contemporary Debates in the Sociology of Education

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Author: R. Brooks,M. McCormack,K. Bhopal

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 113726988X

Category: Education

Page: 238

View: 8342

Some of the most prominent sociologists working in education today have collaborated to address a wide range of empirical and theoretical issues. Adopting an international perspective, this book foregrounds cutting-edge research that highlights both the diversity and complexity of understanding education in society.

The Philosophy of Free Will

Essential Readings from the Contemporary Debates

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Author: Paul Russell,Oisin Deery

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199733392

Category: Philosophy

Page: 542

View: 7437

This collection provides a selection of the most essential contributions to the contemporary free will debate. Among the issues discussed and debated are skepticism and naturalism, alternate possibilities, the consequence argument, libertarian metaphysics, illusionism and revisionism, optimism and pessimism, neuroscience and free will, and experimental philosophy.

Debates in Contemporary Political Philosophy

An Anthology

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Author: Derek Matravers,Jonathan E. Pike

Publisher: Psychology Press

ISBN: 9780415302104

Category: Philosophy

Page: 454

View: 1806

This textbook reflects the buoyant state of contemporary political philosophy, and the development of the subject in the past two decades. It includes seminal papers on fundamental philosophical issues such as: the nature of social explanation distributive justice liberalism and communitarianism citizenship and multiculturalism nationalism democracy criminal justice. A range of views is represented, demonstrating the richness of the philosophical contribution to some of the most contested areas of public policy and political decision making. Each section has an introduction by the editors that situates the papers in the ongoing debate. Further Reading sections feature at the end of each chapter. Readings from the following thinkers are included: Steven Lukes, Robert Nozick, John Rawls, Bhikhu Parekh, Antony Duff, G.A. Cohen, Derek Parfit, Roger Scruton, Michael Sandel, Alasdair MacIntrye. Debates in Contemporary Political Philosophy will be a valuable resource for upper-level students interested in current thinking in this area.

The Philosophy of Recognition

Historical and Contemporary Perspectives

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Author: Hans-Christoph Schmidt am Busch,Christopher F. Zurn

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield

ISBN: 9780739144251

Category: Philosophy

Page: 378

View: 2805

This volume collects original, cutting-edge essays on the philosophy of recognition by international scholars eminent in the field. By considering the topic of recognition as addressed by both classical and contemporary authors, the volume explores the connections between historical and contemporary recognition research and makes substantive contributions to the further development of contemporary theories of recognition.

Probleme der Philosophie

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Author: Bertrand Russell

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9783518102077

Category: Knowledge, Theory of

Page: 151

View: 1556

Philosophy of Social Science

A New Introduction

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Author: Nancy Cartwright,Eleonora Montuschi

Publisher: OUP Oxford

ISBN: 0191030082

Category: Philosophy

Page: 320

View: 1322

This is a much-needed new introduction to a field that has been transformed in recent years by exciting new subjects, ideas, and methods. It is designed both for students with central interests in philosophy and those planning to concentrate on the social sciences, and it presupposes no particular background in either domain. From the wide range of topics at the forefront of debate in philosophy of social science, the editors have chosen those which are representative of the most important and interesting contemporary work. A team of distinguished experts explore key aspects of the field such as social ontology (what are the things that social science studies?), objectivity, formal methods, measurement, and causal inference. Also included are chapters focused on notable subjects of social science research, such as well-being and climate change. Philosophy of Social Science provides a clear, accessible, and up-to-date guide to this fascinating field.

Reclaiming Reality

A Critical Introduction to Contemporary Philosophy

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Author: Roy Bhaskar

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136911952

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 5718

Originally published in 1989, Reclaiming Reality still provides the most accessible introduction to the increasingly influential multi-disciplinary and international body of thought, known as critical realism. It is designed to "underlabour" both for the sciences, especially the human sciences, and for the projects of human emancipation which such sciences may come to inform; and provides an enlightening intervention in current debates about realism and relativism, positivism and poststucturalism, modernism and postmodernism, etc. Elaborating his critical realist perspective on society, nature, science and philosophy itself, Roy Bhaskar shows how this perspective can be used to undermine currently fashionable ideologies of the Right, and at the same time, to clear the ground for a reinvigorated Left. Reclaiming Reality contains powerful critiques of some of the most important schools of thought and thinkers of recent years—from Bachelard and Feyerabend to Rorty and Habermas; and it advances novel and convincing resolutions of many traditional philosophical problems. Now with a new introduction from Mervyn Hartwig, this book continues to provide a straightforward and stimulating introduction to current debates in philosophy and social theory for the interested lay reader and student alike. Reclaiming Reality will be of particular value not only for critical realists but for all those concerned with the revitalization of the socialist emancipatory project and the renaissance of the Marxist theoretical tradition. Roy Bhaskar is the originator of the philosophy of critical realism, and the author of many acclaimed and influential works including A Realist Theory of Science, The Possibility of Naturalism, Scientific Realism and Human Emancipation and Dialectic: The Pulse of Freedom. He is an editor of the recently published Critical Realism: Essential Readings and is currently chair of the Centre for Critical Realism.

New Atheism: Critical Perspectives and Contemporary Debates

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Author: Christopher R. Cotter,Philip Andrew Quadrio,Jonathan Tuckett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319549642

Category: Philosophy

Page: 240

View: 9330

Whether understood in a narrow sense as the popular works of a small number of (white male) authors, or as a larger more diffuse movement, twenty-first century scholars, journalists, and activists from all ‘sides’ in the atheism versus theism debate, have noted the emergence of a particular form of atheism frequently dubbed ‘New Atheism’. The present collection has been brought together to provide a scholarly yet accessible consideration of the place and impact of ‘New Atheism’ in the contemporary world. Combining traditional and innovative approaches, chapters draw on the insights of philosophers, religious studies scholars, sociologists, anthropologists, and literary critics to provide never-before-seen insights into the relationship between ‘New Atheism’, science, gender, sexuality, space, philosophy, fiction and much more. With contributions from Australia, Germany and the United Kingdom, the volume also presents diversity in regard to religious/irreligious commitment, with contributions from atheists, theists and more agnostic orientations. New Atheism: Critical Perspectives and Contemporary Debates features an up-to-date overview of current research on ‘New Atheism’, a Foreword from Stephen Bullivant (co-editor of The Oxford Handbook of Atheism), and eleven new chapters with extensive bibliographies that will be important to both a general audience and to those conducting research in this area. It provides a much-needed fresh look at a contentious phenomenon, and will hopefully encourage the cooperation and dialogue which has predominantly been lacking in relevant contemporary debates.

Current Debates in Global Justice

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Author: Gillian Brock,Darrel Moellendorf

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 140203847X

Category: Philosophy

Page: 307

View: 8742

Issues of global justice dominate our contemporary world. Incre- ingly, philosophers are turning their attention to thinking about particular issues of global justice and the accounts that would best facilitate theorizing about these. This volume of papers on global justice derives from a mini-conference held in conjunction with the Paci?c Division meeting of the American Philosophical Association in Pasadena, California, in 2004. The idea of holding a mini-c- ference on global justice was inspired by the growth of interest in such questions, and it was hoped that organizing the mini-conference 1 would stimulate further good writing in this area. We believe that our mission has been accomplished! We received a number of thoughtful papers on both theoretical and more applied issues, showing excellent coverage of a range of topics in the domain of global justice. A selection of some of the very best papers is published in this special issue of The Journal of Ethics. In particular, we tried to include papers that would re?ect some of the range of topics that were covered at the conference, to give readers a sense of both the scope of the ?eld as it is currently emerging and the direction that the debates seem to be taking. As a result of increased attention to theorizing about global j- tice, cosmopolitanism has enjoyed a resurgence of interest as well.