Philosophical Anarchism and Political Obligation

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Author: Magda Egoumenides

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1441144110

Category: Philosophy

Page: 296

View: 8360

This Contemporary Anarchist Studies volume focuses on anarchism's contribution to the debate on political authority, specifically how philosophical anarchism challenges the idea of political obligation.

Rethinking Political Obligation

Moral Principles, Communal Ties, Citizenship

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Author: D. Mokrosinska,Dorota Mokrosi?ska

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137025034

Category: Political Science

Page: 221

View: 925

What are the grounds for and limits to obedience to the state? This book offers a fresh analysis of the debate concerning the moral obligation to obey the state, develops a novel account of political obligation and provides the first detailed argument of how a theory of political obligation can apply to subjects of an unjust state.

Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought

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Author: Paul Barry Clarke,Joe Foweraker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136908633

Category: Political Science

Page: 768

View: 9393

Containing almost 200 entries from 'accountability' to the 'Westminster model' the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought explores all the ideas that matter to democracy past, present and future. It is destined to become the first port-of-call for all students, teachers and researchers of political science interested in democratic ideas, democratic practice, and the quality of democratic governance. The Encyclopedia provides extensive coverage of all the key concepts of democratic thought written by a stellar team of distinguished international contributors. The Encyclopedia draws on every tradition of democratic thought, as well as developing new thinking, in order to provide full coverage of the key democratic concepts and engage with their practical implications for the conduct of democratic politics in the world today. In this way, it brings every kind of democratic thinking to bear on the challenges facing contemporary democracies and on the possibilities of the democratic future. The Encyclopedia is global in scope and responds in detail to the democratic revolution of recent decades. Referring both to the established democratic states of Western Europe, North America and Australasia, and to the recent democracies of Latin America, Eastern and Central Europe, Africa and Asia, classical democratic concerns are related to new democracies, and to important changes in the older democracies. Supplemented by full bibliographical information, extensive cross-referencing and suggestions for further reading, the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought is a unique work of reference combining the expertise of many of the world's leading political scientists, political sociologists and political philosophers. It will be welcomed as an essential resource for both teaching and for independent study, and as a solid starting point both for further research and wider exploration.

Rational Choice and Democratic Deliberation

A Theory of Discourse Failure

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Author: Guido Pincione,Fernando R. Tesón

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 0521862698

Category: Philosophy

Page: 258

View: 5980

This 2006 books offers a comprehensive and sustained critique of theories of deliberative democracy.

A Theory of Justice

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Author: John RAWLS

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674017726

Category: Philosophy

Page: 607

View: 7861

In this book, Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition - justice as fairness - and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls's theory is as powerful today as it was when first published, in 1971.

Political Obligations

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Author: George Klosko

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 9780199256204

Category: Law

Page: 266

View: 2797

Providing a full defence of the theory of political obligation George Klosko presents arguments based on a number of key principles, as well as commenting on popular attitudes and how the state views them.

The Problem of Political Obligation

A Critique of Liberal Theory

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Author: Carole Pateman

Publisher: Univ of California Press

ISBN: 9780520056503

Category: Political Science

Page: 222

View: 1046

00 Pateman examines the notion of political obligation in relation to the liberal democratic state and presents a vision of participatory democracy as a means to effect a more satisfactory relationship between the citizen and the state. She offers a general assessment of liberal theory and an interpretation of all familiar arguments about political obligation and democratic consent. Pateman examines the notion of political obligation in relation to the liberal democratic state and presents a vision of participatory democracy as a means to effect a more satisfactory relationship between the citizen and the state. She offers a general assessment of liberal theory and an interpretation of all familiar arguments about political obligation and democratic consent.

A Theory of Political Obligation

Membership, Commitment, and the Bonds of Society

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Author: Margaret Gilbert

Publisher: Oxford University Press on Demand

ISBN: 0199274959

Category: Law

Page: 332

View: 9004

Margaret Gilbert offers an incisive new approach to a classic problem of political philosophy: when and why should I do what the laws of my country tell me to do? Beginning with carefully argued accounts of social groups in general and political societies in particular, the author argues that in central, standard senses of the relevant terms membership in a political society in and of itself obligates one to support that society's political institutions. The obligations in questionare not moral requirements derived from general moral principles, as is often supposed, but a matter of one's participation in a special kind of commitment: joint commitment. An agreement is sufficient but not necessary to generate such a commitment. Gilbert uses the phrase 'plural subject' to referto all of those who are jointly committed in some way. She therefore labels the theory offered in this book the plural subject theory of political obligation.The author concentrates on the exposition of this theory, carefully explaining how and in what sense joint commitments obligate. She also explores a classic theory of political obligation --- actual contract theory --- according to which one is obligated to conform to the laws of one's country because one agreed to do so. She offers a new interpretation of this theory in light of a theory of plural subject theory of agreements. She argues that actual contract theory has more merit than has beenthought, though the more general plural subject theory is to be preferred. She compares and contrasts plural subject theory with identification theory, relationship theory, and the theory of fair play. She brings it to bear on some classic situations of crisis, and, in the concluding chapter,suggests a number of avenues for related empirical and moral inquiry.Clearly and compellingly written, A Theory of Political Obligation will be essential reading for political philosophers and theorists.

Intellectual Property Rights in China

Politics of Piracy, Trade and Protection

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Author: Gordon C.K Cheung

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134217870

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 128

View: 6678

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) infringement is so rampant in China that counterfeit goods - from general household merchandise, garments and media consumables to specialist products including pharmaceutical products and super computer chips - can be found in roadside stalls, markets, shops, department stores and even laboratory of leading universities. If allowed to continue these infringements may further engender a socially accepted culture of ‘fakeness’ that may seriously hamper innovation and economic progress. Gordon C. K. Cheung uses the case of intellectual property rights (IPR) to examine how and to what extent market forces and knowledge development affect the relationships of China and the world, especially the United States. Including detailed original statistics and data collected from Chinese provinces and cities and in-depth interviews with legal experts and policy makers, this book gives a unique insight into the opportunities and challenges that China faces as it increasingly becomes part of the global society. Intellectual Property Rights in China is a stimulating read for anyone studying Chinese Business and International Political Economy.

Readings in Social and Political Philosophy

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Author: Robert M. Stewart,Robert Stewart

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA

ISBN: 9780195095180

Category: Philosophy

Page: 454

View: 9604

Anthology of essays on social and political thought with a focus on modern Western political thought

Bureaucratic responsibility

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Author: John P. Burke

Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 9521

A civil servant in the Pentagon blows the whistle on the Defense Department by leaking to the press stories of gross overspending. A high-level official in the Environmental Protection Agency publicly reports irregularities in the handling of toxic waste cleanup and the agency's head is forced to resign. The Energy Department fines oil companies for overcharging consumers; does an official overstep his bounds in ordering that the money be distributed to help the poor and elderly pay their heating bills?

Global political philosophy

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Author: Louis P. Pojman

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages

ISBN: 9780072524659

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 9375

This up-to-date text treats political philosophy and issues (including the terrorist attacks of September 11) from a global perspective, considering the virtues of both nationalism and cosmopolitanism. As part of his aim of describing a comprehensive global political philosophy, Pojman devotes considerable attention to a defense of ethical objectivism over its ubiquitous rival, ethical relativism.

The Metaphysics of Self-Realisation and Freedom

The Liberal Socialism of Thomas Hill Green

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Author: Colin Tyler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 213

View: 3990

This first part of Colin Tyler’s new critical assessment of the social and political thought of T.H. Green (1836–1882) explores the grounding that Green gives to liberal socialism. Tyler shows how, for Green, ultimately, personal self-realisation and freedom stem from the innate human drive to construct a bedrock of fundamental values and commitments that can define and give direction to the individual’s most valuable potentials and talents. This book is not only a significant contribution to British idealist scholarship. It highlights also the enduring philosophical and ethical resources of a social democratic tradition that remains one of the world’s most important social and political movements, and not least across Britain, Europe, North America, India and Australia. Dr Colin Tyler is Reader in Politics at the University of Hull and joint convenor of the Centre for British Idealism.

The Oxford Handbook of the History of Political Philosophy

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Author: George Klosko

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN: 0199238804

Category: History

Page: 840

View: 7044

Fifty distinguished contributors survey the entire history of political philosophy. They consider questions about how the subject should best be studied; they examine historical periods and great theorists in their intellectual contexts; and they discuss aspects of the subject that transcend periods, such as democracy, the state, and imperialism.