Philosophical Anarchism and Political Obligation

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Author: Magda Egoumenides

Publisher: Bloomsbury Publishing USA

ISBN: 1441124454

Category: Political Science

Page: 288

View: 9700

Political obligation refers to the moral obligation of citizens to obey the law of their state and to the existence, nature, and justification of a special relationship between a government and its constituents. This volume in the Contemporary Anarchist Studies series challenges this relationship, seeking to define and defend the position of critical philosophical anarchism against alternative approaches to the issue of justification of political institutions. The book sets out to demonstrate the value of taking an anarchist approach to the problem of political authority, looking at theories of natural duty, state justification, natural duty of justice, fairness, political institutions, and more. It argues that the anarchist perspective is in fact indispensable to theorists of political obligation and can improve our views of political authority and social relations. This accessible book builds on the works of philosophical anarchists such as John Simmons and Leslie Green, and discusses key theorists, including Rousseau, Rawls, and Horton. This key resource will make an important contribution to anarchist political theory and to anarchist studies more generally.

Rethinking Political Obligation

Moral Principles, Communal Ties, Citizenship

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Author: Dorota Mokrosinska

Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan

ISBN: 0230360750

Category: Law

Page: 221

View: 3722

What are the grounds for and limits to obedience to the state? Dorota Mokrosinska presents a fresh analysis of the most influential theories of political obligation and develops a novel approach to this foundational problem of political philosophy, an intriguing combination of the elements of natural duty and associative theories. The theory of political obligation developed in the book extends the scope of the contemporary debate on political obligation by arguing that political obligation can be binding even under the jurisdiction of unjust states. The arguments pursued in the book are illustrated with the results of sociological research concerning the reasons that governed people's attitudes to the authoritarian communist regimes in East Europe viz. communist Poland. This book provides the first detailed argument of how a theory of political obligation can apply to subjects of an unjust state.

Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought

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Author: Paul Barry Clarke,Joe Foweraker

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1136908633

Category: Political Science

Page: 768

View: 4146

Containing almost 200 entries from 'accountability' to the 'Westminster model' the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought explores all the ideas that matter to democracy past, present and future. It is destined to become the first port-of-call for all students, teachers and researchers of political science interested in democratic ideas, democratic practice, and the quality of democratic governance. The Encyclopedia provides extensive coverage of all the key concepts of democratic thought written by a stellar team of distinguished international contributors. The Encyclopedia draws on every tradition of democratic thought, as well as developing new thinking, in order to provide full coverage of the key democratic concepts and engage with their practical implications for the conduct of democratic politics in the world today. In this way, it brings every kind of democratic thinking to bear on the challenges facing contemporary democracies and on the possibilities of the democratic future. The Encyclopedia is global in scope and responds in detail to the democratic revolution of recent decades. Referring both to the established democratic states of Western Europe, North America and Australasia, and to the recent democracies of Latin America, Eastern and Central Europe, Africa and Asia, classical democratic concerns are related to new democracies, and to important changes in the older democracies. Supplemented by full bibliographical information, extensive cross-referencing and suggestions for further reading, the Encyclopedia of Democratic Thought is a unique work of reference combining the expertise of many of the world's leading political scientists, political sociologists and political philosophers. It will be welcomed as an essential resource for both teaching and for independent study, and as a solid starting point both for further research and wider exploration.

Isaiah Berlin

The Journey of a Jewish Liberal

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Author: A. Dubnov

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 1137015721

Category: Religion

Page: 318

View: 5876

This study offers an intellectual biography of the philosopher, political thinker, and historian of ideas Sir Isaiah Berlin. It aims to provide the first historically contextualized monographic study of Berlin's formative years and identify different stages in his intellectual development, allowing a reappraisal of his theory of liberalism.

A Theory of Justice

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Author: John RAWLS

Publisher: Harvard University Press

ISBN: 9780674017726

Category: Philosophy

Page: 607

View: 2019

In this book, Rawls aims to express an essential part of the common core of the democratic tradition - justice as fairness - and to provide an alternative to utilitarianism, which had dominated the Anglo-Saxon tradition of political thought since the nineteenth century. Rawls substitutes the ideal of the social contract as a more satisfactory account of the basic rights and liberties of citizens as free and equal persons. Advancing the ideas of Rousseau, Kant, Emerson, and Lincoln, Rawls's theory is as powerful today as it was when first published, in 1971.

Intellectual Property Rights in China

Politics of Piracy, Trade and Protection

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Author: Gordon C.K Cheung

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN: 1134217870

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 128

View: 5962

Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) infringement is so rampant in China that counterfeit goods - from general household merchandise, garments and media consumables to specialist products including pharmaceutical products and super computer chips - can be found in roadside stalls, markets, shops, department stores and even laboratory of leading universities. If allowed to continue these infringements may further engender a socially accepted culture of ‘fakeness’ that may seriously hamper innovation and economic progress. Gordon C. K. Cheung uses the case of intellectual property rights (IPR) to examine how and to what extent market forces and knowledge development affect the relationships of China and the world, especially the United States. Including detailed original statistics and data collected from Chinese provinces and cities and in-depth interviews with legal experts and policy makers, this book gives a unique insight into the opportunities and challenges that China faces as it increasingly becomes part of the global society. Intellectual Property Rights in China is a stimulating read for anyone studying Chinese Business and International Political Economy.

Global political philosophy

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Author: Louis P. Pojman

Publisher: McGraw-Hill Humanities/Social Sciences/Languages

ISBN: 9780072524659

Category: Philosophy

Page: 272

View: 2327

This up-to-date text treats political philosophy and issues (including the terrorist attacks of September 11) from a global perspective, considering the virtues of both nationalism and cosmopolitanism. As part of his aim of describing a comprehensive global political philosophy, Pojman devotes considerable attention to a defense of ethical objectivism over its ubiquitous rival, ethical relativism.

Bureaucratic responsibility

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Author: John P. Burke

Publisher: Johns Hopkins University Press

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 280

View: 2268

A civil servant in the Pentagon blows the whistle on the Defense Department by leaking to the press stories of gross overspending. A high-level official in the Environmental Protection Agency publicly reports irregularities in the handling of toxic waste cleanup and the agency's head is forced to resign. The Energy Department fines oil companies for overcharging consumers; does an official overstep his bounds in ordering that the money be distributed to help the poor and elderly pay their heating bills?

The Metaphysics of Self-Realisation and Freedom

The Liberal Socialism of Thomas Hill Green

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Author: Colin Tyler

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Philosophy

Page: 213

View: 5034

This first part of Colin Tyler’s new critical assessment of the social and political thought of T.H. Green (1836–1882) explores the grounding that Green gives to liberal socialism. Tyler shows how, for Green, ultimately, personal self-realisation and freedom stem from the innate human drive to construct a bedrock of fundamental values and commitments that can define and give direction to the individual’s most valuable potentials and talents. This book is not only a significant contribution to British idealist scholarship. It highlights also the enduring philosophical and ethical resources of a social democratic tradition that remains one of the world’s most important social and political movements, and not least across Britain, Europe, North America, India and Australia. Dr Colin Tyler is Reader in Politics at the University of Hull and joint convenor of the Centre for British Idealism.

Civil disobedience

(un)common sense in mass democracies

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Author: Lawrence Quill

Publisher: Palgrave MacMillan

ISBN: 9780230555051

Category: Political Science

Page: 195

View: 3568

Traces the history of disobedience from Ancient Greece to the Milgram experiments and beyond. This book offers a comprehensive analysis of civil disobedience from within the major theoretical traditions. It covers instances which have political relevance - the expressive use of law breaking particularly from within the feminist movement.

Bentham on Liberty

Jeremy Bentham's Idea of Liberty in Relation to His Utilitarianism

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Author: Douglas G. Long

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: N.A

Category: Political Science

Page: 294

View: 5824