Computer Vision

Algorithms and Applications

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Author: Richard Szeliski

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781848829350

Category: Computers

Page: 812

View: 8731

Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications explores the variety of techniques commonly used to analyze and interpret images. It also describes challenging real-world applications where vision is being successfully used, both for specialized applications such as medical imaging, and for fun, consumer-level tasks such as image editing and stitching, which students can apply to their own personal photos and videos. More than just a source of “recipes,” this exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive textbook/reference also takes a scientific approach to basic vision problems, formulating physical models of the imaging process before inverting them to produce descriptions of a scene. These problems are also analyzed using statistical models and solved using rigorous engineering techniques. Topics and features: structured to support active curricula and project-oriented courses, with tips in the Introduction for using the book in a variety of customized courses; presents exercises at the end of each chapter with a heavy emphasis on testing algorithms and containing numerous suggestions for small mid-term projects; provides additional material and more detailed mathematical topics in the Appendices, which cover linear algebra, numerical techniques, and Bayesian estimation theory; suggests additional reading at the end of each chapter, including the latest research in each sub-field, in addition to a full Bibliography at the end of the book; supplies supplementary course material for students at the associated website, http://szeliski.org/Book/. Suitable for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate-level course in computer science or engineering, this textbook focuses on basic techniques that work under real-world conditions and encourages students to push their creative boundaries. Its design and exposition also make it eminently suitable as a unique reference to the fundamental techniques and current research literature in computer vision.

Computer Vision-Guided Virtual Craniofacial Surgery

A Graph-Theoretic and Statistical Perspective

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Author: Ananda S. Chowdhury,Suchendra M. Bhandarkar

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780857292964

Category: Computers

Page: 166

View: 3445

This unique text/reference discusses in depth the two integral components of reconstructive surgery; fracture detection, and reconstruction from broken bone fragments. In addition to supporting its application-oriented viewpoint with detailed coverage of theoretical issues, the work incorporates useful algorithms and relevant concepts from both graph theory and statistics. Topics and features: presents practical solutions for virtual craniofacial reconstruction and computer-aided fracture detection; discusses issues of image registration, object reconstruction, combinatorial pattern matching, and detection of salient points and regions in an image; investigates the concepts of maximum-weight graph matching, maximum-cardinality minimum-weight matching for a bipartite graph, determination of minimum cut in a flow network, and construction of automorphs of a cycle graph; examines the techniques of Markov random fields, hierarchical Bayesian restoration, Gibbs sampling, and Bayesian inference.

Computer Vision

Einführung in die Verarbeitung und Analyse digitaler Bilder

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Author: Lutz Priese

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3662451298

Category: Computers

Page: 332

View: 8524

Der Autor erläutert in dieser Einführung auf Bachelorniveau die in der Computer Vision verwendeten technischen Ausdrücke: Grundlagen des menschlichen Sehens, Farbe, exakte Begriffsbestimmungen zum Thema "Bild", Transformationen, lineare und nicht-lineare Filter, Fouriertransformation, Morphologie, Merkmale im Bild wie Kanten, Ecken, geometrische Formen mittels Hough-Transformation, diverse Hüllen und Skelettierung. Ferner höhere Merkmale wie SIFT, Shape-Context und statistische Merkmale, Texturmerkmale. Die Bestimmung von Segmenten (zusammenhängende Regionen ähnlicher Farben oder Grauwerte) wird in einem eigenen Kapitel ausführlich behandelt.

Computer Vision

Systems, Theory and Applications

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Author: Anup Basu,Xiaobo Li

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810213923

Category: Computers

Page: 257

View: 1182

This book contains a selection of papers which were presented at the Vision Interface '92 Conference. It also includes several invited articles from prominent researchers in the field, suggesting future directions in Computer Vision.

Computer Vision

Räumliche Information aus digitalen Bildern

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Author: Reinhard Klette,Andreas Koschan,Karsten Schlüns

Publisher: Springer-Verlag

ISBN: 3663119998

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 382

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Dieses Lehrbuch behandelt die Grundlagen, Algorithmen und Anwendungen eines Teilbereichs der digitalen Bildverarbeitung: die Szenenanalyse bzw. die 3D-Bildanalyse. Methoden der Bildbearbeitung und der Musteranalyse stellen Werkzeuge dar, um aus den Bildinformationen von dreidimensionalen Objekten Ausgangsdaten für die Bildinterpretation zu erzeugen.

Computer Vision Systems

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Author: Allen Hanson

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0323151205

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 418

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Computer Vision Systems is a collection of papers presented at the Workshop on Computer Vision Systems held at the University of Massachusetts in Amherst, Massachusetts, on June 1-3, 1977. Contributors discuss the breadth of problems that must be taken into account in the development of general computer vision systems. Topics covered include the application of system engineering techniques to the design of artificial intelligence systems; representation and segmentation of natural scenes; and pragmatic aspects of machine vision. Psychophysical measures of representation and interpretation are also considered. This monograph is divided into four sections: Issues and Research Strategies, Segmentation, Theory and Psychology, and Systems. The first chapter explores the problem of recovering the intrinsic characteristics of scenes from images, along with its implications for machine and human vision. The discussion then turns to special-purpose low-level vision systems that can be flexibly reconfigured as the need arises; design, development, and implementation of large systems from the human engineering point of view; and representation of visual information. The next section examines hierarchical relaxation for waveform parsing; the topology and semantics of intensity arrays; and visual images as spatial representations in active memory. The use of edge cues to recognize real-world objects is also analyzed. This text will be a useful resource for systems designers, computer engineers, and scientists as well as psychologists.

Data Segmentation and Model Selection for Computer Vision

A Statistical Approach

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Author: Alireza Bab-Hadiashar,David Suter

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 038721528X

Category: Computers

Page: 208

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This edited volume explores several issues relating to parametric segmentation including robust operations, model selection criteria and automatic model selection, plus 2D and 3D scene segmentation. Emphasis is placed on robust model selection with techniques such as robust Mallows Cp, least K-th order statistical model fitting (LKS), and robust regression receiving much attention. With contributions from leading researchers, this is a valuable resource for researchers and graduated students working in computer vision, pattern recognition, image processing and robotics.

Computer Vision Systems

7th International Conference on Computer Vision Systems, ICVS 2009 Liège, Belgium, October 13-15, 2009, Proceedings

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Author: Mario Fritz,Bernt Schiele,Justus H. Piater

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642046665

Category: Computers

Page: 456

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This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 7th International Conference on Computer Vision Systems, ICVS 2009, held in Liege, Belgium, October 13-15, 2009. The 21 papers for oral presentation presented together with 24 poster presentations and 2 invited papers were carefully reviewed and selected from 96 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on human-machine-interaction, sensors, features and representations, stereo, 3D and optical flow, calibration and registration, mobile and autonomous systems, evaluation, studies and applications, learning, recognition and adaption.

Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision

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Author: Richard Hartley,Andrew Zisserman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 9780521540513

Category: Computers

Page: 655

View: 7792

A basic problem in computer vision is to understand the structure of a real world scene given several images of it. Techniques for solving this problem are taken from projective geometry and photogrammetry. Here, the authors cover the geometric principles and their algebraic representation in terms of camera projection matrices, the fundamental matrix and the trifocal tensor. The theory and methods of computation of these entities are discussed with real examples, as is their use in the reconstruction of scenes from multiple images. The new edition features an extended introduction covering the key ideas in the book (which itself has been updated with additional examples and appendices) and significant new results which have appeared since the first edition. Comprehensive background material is provided, so readers familiar with linear algebra and basic numerical methods can understand the projective geometry and estimation algorithms presented, and implement the algorithms directly from the book.

Computer Vision: Craft, Engineering, and Science

Workshop Proceedings, Killarney, Ireland, September 9/10, 1991

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Author: David Vernon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540572114

Category: Computers

Page: 98

View: 7788

This volume assesses approaches to the construction of computer vision systems. It shows that there is a spectrum of approaches with different degrees of maturity and robustness. The useful exploitation of computer vision in industry and elsewhere and the development of the discipline itself depend on understanding the way these approaches influence one another. The chief topic discussed is autonomy.True autonomy may not be achievable in machines in the near future, and the workshop concluded that it may be more desirable - and is certainly more pragmatic - to leave a person in the processing loop. The second conclusion of the workshop concerns the manner in which a system is designedfor an application. It was agreed that designers should first specify the required functionality, then identify the knowledge appropriate to that task, and finally choose the appropriate techniques and algorithms. The third conclusion concerns the methodologies employed in developing vision systems: craft, engineering, and science are mutually relevant and contribute to one another. The contributors place heavy emphasis on providing the reader with concrete examples of operational systems. The book is based on a workshop held as part of the activities of an ESPRIT Basic Research Action.

Computer Vision, Models, and Inspection

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Author: A. Dave Marshall,Ralph R. Martin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810207727

Category: Computers

Page: 437

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The main focus of this book is on the uses of computer vision for inspection and model based matching. It also provides a short, self contained introductory course on computer vision. The authors describe various state-of-the-art approaches to probems and then set forth their proposed approach to matching and inspection. They deal primarily with 3-D vision but also discuss 2-D vision strategies when relevant.The book is suitable for researchers, final year undergraduates and graduate students. Useful review questions at the end of each chapter allow this book to be used for self-study.

Feature Extraction & Image Processing for Computer Vision

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Author: Mark S. Nixon,Alberto S. Aguado

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123965497

Category: Computers

Page: 609

View: 8794

This book is an essential guide to the implementation of image processing and computer vision techniques, with tutorial introductions and sample code in Matlab. Algorithms are presented and fully explained to enable complete understanding of the methods and techniques demonstrated. As one reviewer noted, "The main strength of the proposed book is the exemplar code of the algorithms." Fully updated with the latest developments in feature extraction, including expanded tutorials and new techniques, this new edition contains extensive new material on Haar wavelets, Viola-Jones, bilateral filtering, SURF, PCA-SIFT, moving object detection and tracking, development of symmetry operators, LBP texture analysis, Adaboost, and a new appendix on color models. Coverage of distance measures, feature detectors, wavelets, level sets and texture tutorials has been extended. Named a 2012 Notable Computer Book for Computing Methodologies by Computing Reviews Essential reading for engineers and students working in this cutting-edge field Ideal module text and background reference for courses in image processing and computer vision The only currently available text to concentrate on feature extraction with working implementation and worked through derivation

Color in Computer Vision

Fundamentals and Applications

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Author: Theo Gevers,Arjan Gijsenij,Joost van de Weijer,Jan-Mark Geusebroek

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118350065

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 384

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While the field of computer vision drives many of today’sdigital technologies and communication networks, the topic of colorhas emerged only recently in most computer vision applications. Oneof the most extensive works to date on color in computer vision,this book provides a complete set of tools for working with colorin the field of image understanding. Based on the authors’ intense collaboration for more thana decade and drawing on the latest thinking in the field ofcomputer science, the book integrates topics from color science andcomputer vision, clearly linking theories, techniques, machinelearning, and applications. The fundamental basics, sampleapplications, and downloadable versions of the software and datasets are also included. Clear, thorough, and practical, Colorin Computer Vision explains: Computer vision, including color-driven algorithms andquantitative results of various state-of-the-art methods Color science topics such as color systems, color reflectionmechanisms, color invariance, and color constancy Digital image processing, including edge detection, featureextraction, image segmentation, and image transformations Signal processing techniques for the development of both imageprocessing and machine learning Robotics and artificial intelligence, including such topics assupervised learning and classifiers for object and scenecategorization Researchers and professionals in computer science,computer vision, color science, electrical engineering, and signalprocessing will learn how to implement color in computer visionapplications and gain insight into future developments in thisdynamic and expanding field.

Computer Vision: Specialized Processors for Real-Time Image Analysis

Workshop Proceedings Barcelona, Spain, September 1991

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Author: Eduard Montseny,Joan Frau

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540570165

Category: Computers

Page: 218

View: 408

Computer vision falls short of human vision in two respects: execution time and intelligent interpretation. This book addresses the question of execution time. It is based on a workshop on specialized processors for real-time image analysis, held as part of the activities of an ESPRIT Basic Research Action, the Working Group on Vision. The aim of the book is to examine the state of the art in vision-oriented computers. Two approaches are distinguished: multiprocessor systems and fine-grain massively parallel computers. The development of fine-grain machines has become more important over the last decade, but one of the main conclusions of the workshop is that this does not imply the replacement of multiprocessor machines. The book is divided into four parts. Part 1 introduces different architectures for vision: associative and pyramid processors as examples of fine-grain machines and a workstation with bus-oriented network topology as an example of a multiprocessor system. Parts 2 and 3 deal with the design and development of dedicated and specialized architectures. Part 4 is mainly devoted to applications, including road segmentation, mobile robot guidance and navigation, reconstruction and identification of 3D objects, and motion estimation.

3D Computer Vision

Efficient Methods and Applications

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Author: Christian Wöhler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447141504

Category: Computers

Page: 382

View: 2871

This indispensable text introduces the foundations of three-dimensional computer vision and describes recent contributions to the field. Fully revised and updated, this much-anticipated new edition reviews a range of triangulation-based methods, including linear and bundle adjustment based approaches to scene reconstruction and camera calibration, stereo vision, point cloud segmentation, and pose estimation of rigid, articulated, and flexible objects. Also covered are intensity-based techniques that evaluate the pixel grey values in the image to infer three-dimensional scene structure, and point spread function based approaches that exploit the effect of the optical system. The text shows how methods which integrate these concepts are able to increase reconstruction accuracy and robustness, describing applications in industrial quality inspection and metrology, human-robot interaction, and remote sensing.

Computer Vision and Mathematical Methods in Medical and Biomedical Image Analysis

ECCV 2004 Workshops CVAMIA and MMBIA Prague, Czech Republic, May 15, 2004, Revised Selected Papers

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Author: Milan Sonka,Ioannis A. Kakadiaris,Jan Kybic

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540226753

Category: Computers

Page: 444

View: 1656

Medical imaging and medical image analysisare rapidly developing. While m- ical imaging has already become a standard of modern medical care, medical image analysis is still mostly performed visually and qualitatively. The ev- increasing volume of acquired data makes it impossible to utilize them in full. Equally important, the visual approaches to medical image analysis are known to su?er from a lack of reproducibility. A signi?cant researche?ort is devoted to developing algorithms for processing the wealth of data available and extracting the relevant information in a computerized and quantitative fashion. Medical imaging and image analysis are interdisciplinary areas combining electrical, computer, and biomedical engineering; computer science; mathem- ics; physics; statistics; biology; medicine; and other ?elds. Medical imaging and computer vision, interestingly enough, have developed and continue developing somewhat independently. Nevertheless, bringing them together promises to b- e?t both of these ?elds. We were enthusiastic when the organizers of the 2004 European Conference on Computer Vision (ECCV) allowed us to organize a satellite workshop devoted to medical image analysis.

Computer Vision

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Author: Linda G. Shapiro,George C. Stockman

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780130307965

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 580

View: 6753

Using a progressive intuitive/mathematical approach, this introduction to computer vision provides necessary theory and examples for practitioners who work in fields where significant information must be extracted automatically from images-- including those interested in multimedia, art and design, geographic information systems, and image databases, in addition to the traditional areas of automation, image science, medical imaging, remote sensing and computer cartography. The book provides a basic set of fundamental concepts, (representations of image information, extraction of 3D scene information from 2D images, etc.) algorithms for analyzing images, and discusses some of the exciting evolving application areas of computer vision. The approach is language and software independent, and includes two significant commercial case studies. Imaging and Image Representation. Binary Image Analysis. Pattern Recognition Concepts. Filtering and Enhancing Images. Color and Shading. Texture. Content-Based Image Retrieval. Motion from 2D Image Sequences. Image Segmentation. Matching in 2D. Perceiving 3D from 2D Images. 3D Sensing and Object Pose Computation. 3D Models and Matching. Virtual Reality. Case Studies. For practitioners in any field where information must be extracted automatically from images.

Computer Vision, Virtual Reality and Robotics in Medicine

First International Conference, CVRMed '95, Nice, France, April 3 - 6, 1995. Proceedings

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Author: Nicholas Ayache

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540591207

Category: Medical

Page: 574

View: 8435

This book contains the written contributions to the program of the First In ternational Conference on Computer Vision, Virtual Reality, and Robotics in Medicine (CVRMed'95) held in Nice during the period April 3-6, 1995. The articles are regrouped into a number of thematic sessions which cover the three major topics of the field: medical image understanding, registration problems in medicine, and therapy planning, simulation and control. The objective of the conference is not only to present the most innovative and promising research work but also to highlight research trends and to foster dialogues and debates among participants. This event was decided after a preliminary successful symposium organized in Stanford in March 1994 by E. Grimson (MIT), T. Kanade (CMU), R. Kikinis and W. Wells (Chair) (both at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital), and myself (INRIA). We received 92 submitted full papers, and each one was evaluated by at least three members of the Program Committee, with the help of auxiliary reviewers. Based on these evaluations, a representative subset of the Program Committee met to select 19 long papers, 29 regular papers, and 27 posters. The geographical repartition of the contributions is the following: 24 from European countries (other than France), 23 contributions from France, 20 from Northern America (USA and Canada), and 8 from Asia (Japan and Singapore).

Embedded Computer Vision

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Author: Branislav Kisacanin,Shuvra S. Bhattacharyya,Sek Chai

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1848003048

Category: Computers

Page: 284

View: 6235

As a graduate student at Ohio State in the mid-1970s, I inherited a unique c- puter vision laboratory from the doctoral research of previous students. They had designed and built an early frame-grabber to deliver digitized color video from a (very large) electronic video camera on a tripod to a mini-computer (sic) with a (huge!) disk drive—about the size of four washing machines. They had also - signed a binary image array processor and programming language, complete with a user’s guide, to facilitate designing software for this one-of-a-kindprocessor. The overall system enabled programmable real-time image processing at video rate for many operations. I had the whole lab to myself. I designed software that detected an object in the eldofview,trackeditsmovementsinrealtime,anddisplayedarunningdescription of the events in English. For example: “An object has appeared in the upper right corner...Itismovingdownandtotheleft...Nowtheobjectisgettingcloser...The object moved out of sight to the left”—about like that. The algorithms were simple, relying on a suf cient image intensity difference to separate the object from the background (a plain wall). From computer vision papers I had read, I knew that vision in general imaging conditions is much more sophisticated. But it worked, it was great fun, and I was hooked.

Computer Vision Technology for Food Quality Evaluation

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Author: Da-Wen Sun

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 9780080556246

Category: Health & Fitness

Page: 600

View: 3530

The first book in this rapidly expanding area, Computer Vision Technology for Food Quality Evaluation thoroughly discusses the latest advances in image processing and analysis. Computer vision has attracted much research and development attention in recent years and, as a result, significant scientific and technological advances have been made in quality inspection, classification and evaluation of a wide range of food and agricultural products. This unique work provides engineers and technologists working in research, development, and operations in the food industry with critical, comprehensive and readily accessible information on the art and science of computer vision technology. Undergraduate and postgraduate students and researchers in universities and research institutions will also find this an essential reference source. · Discusses novel technology for recognizing objects and extracting quantitative information from digital images in order to provide objective, rapid, non-contact and non-destructive quality evaluation. · International authors with both academic and professional credentials address in detail one aspect of the relevant technology per chapter making this ideal for textbook use · Divided into three parts, it begins with an outline of the fundamentals of the technology, followed by full coverage of the application in the most researched areas of meats and other foods, fruits, vegetables and grains.