Computer Vision, Models, and Inspection

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Author: A. Dave Marshall,Ralph R. Martin

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810207727

Category: Computers

Page: 437

View: 9733

The main focus of this book is on the uses of computer vision for inspection and model based matching. It also provides a short, self contained introductory course on computer vision. The authors describe various state-of-the-art approaches to probems and then set forth their proposed approach to matching and inspection. They deal primarily with 3-D vision but also discuss 2-D vision strategies when relevant.The book is suitable for researchers, final year undergraduates and graduate students. Useful review questions at the end of each chapter allow this book to be used for self-study.

Food Process Monitoring Systems

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Author: A.C. Pinder,G. Godfrey

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461521394

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 220

View: 4915

The manufacture of foods and beverages is a highly competitive, interna tionalindustry, and the range ofproducts is becomingincreasingly diverse. Manufacturers are required to produce quality foods with the highest possible efficiency and lowest possible cost, and international legislation is imposingstrict controls on food safety. Process control is the essential link between quality, safety and cost. Radical changes in the technology of manufacturing bring with them new requirements for monitoring (and ultimately controlling) increasingly complex parameters. The aim of this book is to review the latest developments in monitoring systems, particu larly those suitable for the rapid sensing of composition, structure or microbial status. The emphasis is on 'up and coming' methods that have been proven in the laboratory or in other industrial environments, and offer potential in the food sector. As such, it is hoped that this book will increase the general awareness ofwhat new systems have to offer, and will act as a catalyst in the technology transfer process. The book features chapters on automated machine vision, fluorescence cytometry, infrared spectroscopy, light scattering spectroscopy, ultra sound, mass spectrometry, and chemical and biological sensors. In all cases, the basic approach is to describe the underlying principles, and then to consider the implementation of a particular technique. Examples are given of the practical application to specific problems in the food industry.

Intelligent Machine Vision

Techniques, Implementations and Applications

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Author: Bruce Batchelor,Frederick Waltz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447102398

Category: Computers

Page: 422

View: 8032

A number of important aspects of intelligent machine vision in one volume, describing the state of the art and current developments in the field, including: fundamentals of 'intelligent'image processing for machine vision systems; algorithm optimisation; implementation in high-speed electronic digital hardware; implementation in an integrated high-level software environment and applications for industrial product quality and process control. Backed by numerous illustrations, created using the authors IP software, this book will be of interest to researchers in the field of machine vision wishing to understand the discipline and develop new techniques. Also useful for under- and postgraduates.

Computer Vision

Models, Learning, and Inference

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Author: Simon J. D. Prince

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107011795

Category: Computers

Page: 580

View: 4080

A modern treatment focusing on learning and inference, with minimal prerequisites, real-world examples and implementable algorithms.

Computer Vision for X-Ray Testing

Imaging, Systems, Image Databases, and Algorithms

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Author: Domingo Mery

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319207474

Category: Computers

Page: 347

View: 6525

This accessible textbook presents an introduction to computer vision algorithms for industrially-relevant applications of X-ray testing. Features: introduces the mathematical background for monocular and multiple view geometry; describes the main techniques for image processing used in X-ray testing; presents a range of different representations for X-ray images, explaining how these enable new features to be extracted from the original image; examines a range of known X-ray image classifiers and classification strategies; discusses some basic concepts for the simulation of X-ray images and presents simple geometric and imaging models that can be used in the simulation; reviews a variety of applications for X-ray testing, from industrial inspection and baggage screening to the quality control of natural products; provides supporting material at an associated website, including a database of X-ray images and a Matlab toolbox for use with the book’s many examples.

Computer Vision

Algorithms and Applications

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Author: Richard Szeliski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9781848829466

Category: Computers

Page: 812

View: 9045

Humans perceive the three-dimensional structure of the world with apparent ease. However, despite all of the recent advances in computer vision research, the dream of having a computer interpret an image at the same level as a two-year old remains elusive. Why is computer vision such a challenging problem and what is the current state of the art? Computer Vision: Algorithms and Applications explores the variety of techniques commonly used to analyze and interpret images. It also describes challenging real-world applications where vision is being successfully used, both for specialized applications such as medical imaging, and for fun, consumer-level tasks such as image editing and stitching, which students can apply to their own personal photos and videos. More than just a source of “recipes,” this exceptionally authoritative and comprehensive textbook/reference also takes a scientific approach to basic vision problems, formulating physical models of the imaging process before inverting them to produce descriptions of a scene. These problems are also analyzed using statistical models and solved using rigorous engineering techniques Topics and features: structured to support active curricula and project-oriented courses, with tips in the Introduction for using the book in a variety of customized courses; presents exercises at the end of each chapter with a heavy emphasis on testing algorithms and containing numerous suggestions for small mid-term projects; provides additional material and more detailed mathematical topics in the Appendices, which cover linear algebra, numerical techniques, and Bayesian estimation theory; suggests additional reading at the end of each chapter, including the latest research in each sub-field, in addition to a full Bibliography at the end of the book; supplies supplementary course material for students at the associated website, http://szeliski.org/Book/. Suitable for an upper-level undergraduate or graduate-level course in computer science or engineering, this textbook focuses on basic techniques that work under real-world conditions and encourages students to push their creative boundaries. Its design and exposition also make it eminently suitable as a unique reference to the fundamental techniques and current research literature in computer vision.

Calibration and Orientation of Cameras in Computer Vision

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Author: Armin Gruen,Thomas S. Huang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3662045672

Category: Computers

Page: 236

View: 3703

This book was conceived during the Workshop "Calibration and Orientation of Cameras in Computer Vision" at the XVIIth Congress of the ISPRS (In ternational Society of Photogrammetry and Remote Sensing), in July 1992 in Washington, D. C. The goal of this workshop was to bring photogrammetry and computer vision experts together in order to exchange ideas, concepts and approaches in camera calibration and orientation. These topics have been addressed in photogrammetry research for a long time, starting in the sec ond half of the 19th century. Over the years standard procedures have been developed and implemented, in particular for metric cameras, such that in the photogrammetric community such issues were considered as solved prob lems. With the increased use of non-metric cameras (in photogrammetry they are revealingly called "amateur" cameras), especially CCD cameras, and the exciting possibilities of acquiring long image sequences quite effortlessly and processing image data automatically, online and even in real-time, the need to take a new and fresh look at various calibration and orientation issues became obvious. Here most activities emerged through the computer vision commu nity, which was somewhat unaware as to what had already been achieved in photogrammetry. On the other hand, photogrammetrists seemed to ignore the new and interesting studies, in particular on the problems of orienta tion, that were being performed by computer vision experts.

Computer Vision Technology for Food Quality Evaluation

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Author: Da-Wen Sun

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128025999

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 658

View: 5523

Computer Vision Technology for Food Quality Evaluation, Second Edition continues to be a valuable resource to engineers, researchers, and technologists in research and development, as well as a complete reference to students interested in this rapidly expanding field. This new edition highlights the most recent developments in imaging processing and analysis techniques and methodology, captures cutting-edge developments in computer vision technology, and pinpoints future trends in research and development for food quality and safety evaluation and control. It is a unique reference that provides a deep understanding of the issues of data acquisition and image analysis and offers techniques to solve problems and further develop efficient methods for food quality assessment. Thoroughly explains what computer vision technology is, what it can do, and how to apply it for food quality evaluation Includes a wide variety of computer vision techniques and applications to evaluate a wide variety of foods Describes the pros and cons of different techniques for quality evaluation

Computer Vision

Principles, Algorithms, Applications, Learning

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Author: E. R. Davies

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 012809575X

Category: Computers

Page: 900

View: 7074

Computer Vision: Principles, Algorithms, Applications, Learning (previously entitled Computer and Machine Vision) clearly and systematically presents the basic methodology of computer vision, covering the essential elements of the theory while emphasizing algorithmic and practical design constraints. This fully revised fifth edition has brought in more of the concepts and applications of computer vision, making it a very comprehensive and up-to-date text suitable for undergraduate and graduate students, researchers and R&D engineers working in this vibrant subject. See an interview with the author explaining his approach to teaching and learning computer vision - http://scitechconnect.elsevier.com/computer-vision/ Three new chapters on Machine Learning emphasise the way the subject has been developing; Two chapters cover Basic Classification Concepts and Probabilistic Models; and the The third covers the principles of Deep Learning Networks and shows their impact on computer vision, reflected in a new chapter Face Detection and Recognition. A new chapter on Object Segmentation and Shape Models reflects the methodology of machine learning and gives practical demonstrations of its application. In-depth discussions have been included on geometric transformations, the EM algorithm, boosting, semantic segmentation, face frontalisation, RNNs and other key topics. Examples and applications—including the location of biscuits, foreign bodies, faces, eyes, road lanes, surveillance, vehicles and pedestrians—give the ‘ins and outs’ of developing real-world vision systems, showing the realities of practical implementation. Necessary mathematics and essential theory are made approachable by careful explanations and well-illustrated examples. The ‘recent developments’ sections included in each chapter aim to bring students and practitioners up to date with this fast-moving subject. Tailored programming examples—code, methods, illustrations, tasks, hints and solutions (mainly involving MATLAB and C++)

Vision, Modeling, and Visualization 2004

Proceedings, November 16 - 18, 2004, Standford, USA

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Author: Bernd Girod,Marcus Andreas Magnor,Hans-Peter Seidel

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9781586034726

Category: Computers

Page: 472

View: 607

These proceedings include the contributions to the 9th International Workshop on Vision, Modeling and Visualization held in November, 2004 in Stanford, USA. The contributions cover the areas: .Calibration, Registration, Tracking .Image and Video-based Modeling and Rendering .Simulation and Rendering .Geometry Processing .Volume Data Processing and Scientific Visualization The workshop has been organized jointly by members of the Computer Graphics Group at the Max-Planck-Institute in Saarbrücken and by members of Stanford University. VMV 2004 marks the launch of the Max Planck Center for Visual Computing and Communication between Stanford and the German Max Planck Society this year, which opens a new chapter of transatlantic research collaboration in this area. Additionally, VMV 2004 has generously been supported by the Graduate Research Center - 3D Image Analysis and Synthesis, Signal Processing Society IEEE, Sonderforschungsbereich 603, German Informatics Society GI and the Eurographics - European Association for Computer Graphics.

Three-dimensional and unconventional imaging for industrial inspection and metrology

23-25 October 1995, Philadelphia, Pennsylvania

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Author: Michael R. Descour,Kevin G. Harding,Donald J. Svetkoff,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers

Publisher: SPIE-International Society for Optical Engineering

ISBN: 9780819419637

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 420

View: 5186

Machine Vision

Automated Visual Inspection: Theory, Practice and Applications

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Author: Jürgen Beyerer,Fernando Puente León,Christian Frese

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662477947

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 798

View: 879

The book offers a thorough introduction to machine vision. It is organized in two parts. The first part covers the image acquisition, which is the crucial component of most automated visual inspection systems. All important methods are described in great detail and are presented with a reasoned structure. The second part deals with the modeling and processing of image signals and pays particular regard to methods, which are relevant for automated visual inspection.

Learning OpenCV 3

Computer Vision in C++ with the OpenCV Library

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Author: Adrian Kaehler,Gary Bradski

Publisher: "O'Reilly Media, Inc."

ISBN: 1491937963

Category: COMPUTERS

Page: 1024

View: 8760

Get started in the rapidly expanding field of computer vision with this practical guide. Written by Adrian Kaehler and Gary Bradski, creator of the open source OpenCV library, this book provides a thorough introduction for developers, academics, roboticists, and hobbyists. You’ll learn what it takes to build applications that enable computers to "see" and make decisions based on that data. With over 500 functions that span many areas in vision, OpenCV is used for commercial applications such as security, medical imaging, pattern and face recognition, robotics, and factory product inspection. This book gives you a firm grounding in computer vision and OpenCV for building simple or sophisticated vision applications. Hands-on exercises in each chapter help you apply what you’ve learned. This volume covers the entire library, in its modern C++ implementation, including machine learning tools for computer vision. Learn OpenCV data types, array types, and array operations Capture and store still and video images with HighGUI Transform images to stretch, shrink, warp, remap, and repair Explore pattern recognition, including face detection Track objects and motion through the visual field Reconstruct 3D images from stereo vision Discover basic and advanced machine learning techniques in OpenCV

3D Computer Vision

Efficient Methods and Applications

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Author: Christian Wöhler

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1447141504

Category: Computers

Page: 382

View: 3866

This indispensable text introduces the foundations of three-dimensional computer vision and describes recent contributions to the field. Fully revised and updated, this much-anticipated new edition reviews a range of triangulation-based methods, including linear and bundle adjustment based approaches to scene reconstruction and camera calibration, stereo vision, point cloud segmentation, and pose estimation of rigid, articulated, and flexible objects. Also covered are intensity-based techniques that evaluate the pixel grey values in the image to infer three-dimensional scene structure, and point spread function based approaches that exploit the effect of the optical system. The text shows how methods which integrate these concepts are able to increase reconstruction accuracy and robustness, describing applications in industrial quality inspection and metrology, human-robot interaction, and remote sensing.

Computer and Machine Vision

Theory, Algorithms, Practicalities

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Author: E. R. Davies

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0123869080

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 871

View: 5748

Annotation. Computer and Machine Vision: Theory, Algorithms, Practicalities (previously entitled Machine Vision) clearly and systematically presents the basic methodology of computer and machine vision, covering the essential elements of the theory while emphasizing algorithmic and practical design constraints. This fully revised fourth edition has brought in more of the concepts and applications of computer vision, making it a very comprehensive and up-to-date tutorial text suitable for graduate students, researchers and R the first of these has been widely used internationally for more than 20 years, and is now out in this much enhanced fourth edition. Roy holds a DSc at the University of London, and has been awarded Distinguished Fellow of the British Machine Vision Association, and Fellow of the International Association of Pattern Recognition.Mathematics and essential theory are made approachable by careful explanations and well-illustrated examples.Updated content and new sections cover topics such as human iris location, image stitching, line detection using RANSAC, performance measures, and hyperspectral imaging.The 'recent developments' section now included in each chapter will be useful in bringing students and practitioners up to date with the subject.

Computer Vision for Assistive Healthcare

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Author: Leo Marco,Giovanni Maria Farinella

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN: 0128134461

Category: Computers

Page: 396

View: 2540

Computer Vision for Assistive Healthcare describes how advanced computer vision techniques provide tools to support common human needs, such as mental functioning, personal mobility, sensory functions, daily living activities, image processing, pattern recognition, machine learning and how language processing and computer graphics cooperate with robotics to provide such tools. Users will learn about the emerging computer vision techniques for supporting mental functioning, algorithms for analyzing human behavior, and how smart interfaces and virtual reality tools lead to the development of advanced rehabilitation systems able to perform human action and activity recognition. In addition, the book covers the technology behind intelligent wheelchairs, how computer vision technologies have the potential to assist blind people, and about the computer vision-based solutions recently employed for safety and health monitoring. Gives the state-of-the-art computer vision techniques and tools for assistive healthcare Includes a broad range of topic areas, ranging from image processing, pattern recognition, machine learning to robotics, natural language processing and computer graphics Presents a wide range of application areas, ranging from mobility, sensory substitution, and safety and security, to mental and physical rehabilitation and training Written by leading researchers in this growing field of research Describes the outstanding research challenges that still need to be tackled, giving researchers good indicators of research opportunities

Multiple View Geometry in Computer Vision

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Author: Richard Hartley,Andrew Zisserman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1139449141

Category: Computers

Page: N.A

View: 5893

A basic problem in computer vision is to understand the structure of a real world scene given several images of it. Techniques for solving this problem are taken from projective geometry and photogrammetry. Here, the authors cover the geometric principles and their algebraic representation in terms of camera projection matrices, the fundamental matrix and the trifocal tensor. The theory and methods of computation of these entities are discussed with real examples, as is their use in the reconstruction of scenes from multiple images. The new edition features an extended introduction covering the key ideas in the book (which itself has been updated with additional examples and appendices) and significant new results which have appeared since the first edition. Comprehensive background material is provided, so readers familiar with linear algebra and basic numerical methods can understand the projective geometry and estimation algorithms presented, and implement the algorithms directly from the book.