Computer Vision in Robotics and Industrial Applications

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Author: Dominik Sankowski,Jacek Nowakowski

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814583731

Category: Computers

Page: 580

View: 3746

The book presents a collection of practical applications of image processing and analysis. Different vision systems are more often used among others in the automotive industry, pharmacy, military and police equipment, automated production and measurement systems. In each of these fields of technology, digital image processing and analysis module is a critical part of the process of building this type of system. The majority of books in the market deal with theoretical issues. However, this unique publication specially highlights industrial applications, especially industrial measurement applications. Along with its wide spectrum of image processing and analysis applications, this book is an interesting reference for both students and professionals. Contents:Theoretical Introduction to Image Reconstruction and Processing:Data Set Preparation for k-NN Classifier Using the Measure of Representativeness (Marcin Raniszewski)Segmentation Methods in the Selected Industrial Computer Vision Application (Anna Fabijanska and Dominik Sankowski)Line Fractional-Order Difference/Sum, Its Properties and an Application in Image Processing (Piotr Ostalczyk)Computer Vision in Robotics:Management Software for Distributed Mobile Robot System (Maciej Łaski, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Piotr Duch, Rafał Jachowicz, Adam Wulkiewicz, Dominik Sankowski and Piotr Ostalczyk)Advanced Vision Systems in Detection and Analysis of Characteristic Features of Objects (Adam Wulkiewicz, Rafał Jachowicz, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Piotr Duch, Maciej Łaski, Dominik Sankowski and Piotr Ostalczyk)Pattern Recognition Algorithms for the Navigation of Mobile Platform (Rafał Jachowicz, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Piotr Duch, Maciej Łaski, Adam Wulkiewicz, Dominik Sankowski and Piotr Ostalczyk)Partial Fractional-Order Difference in the Edge Detection (Piotr Duch, Rafał Jachowicz, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Maciej Łaski, Adam Wulkiewicz, Piotr Ostalczyk and Dominik Sankowski)Application of Fractional-Order Derivative for Edge Detection in Mobile Robot System (Sylwester Błaszczyk, Rafał Jachowicz, Piotr Duch, Maciej Łaski, Adam Wulkiewicz, Piotr Ostalczyk and Dominik Sankowski)Vision Based Human-Machine Interfaces: Visem Recognition (Krzysztof Ślot, Agnieszka Owczarek and Maria Janczyk)Industrial Applications of Computer Vision in Process Tomography, Material Science and Temperature Control:Hybrid Boundary Element Method Applied for Diffusion Tomography Problems (Jan Sikora, Maciej Pańczyk and Paweł Wieleba)Two-phase Gas-Liquid Flow Structures and Phase Distribution Determination Based on 3D Electrical Capacitance Tomography Visualization (Robert Banasiak, Radosław Wajman, Tomasz Jaworski, Paweł Fiderek, Jacek Nowakowski and Henryk Fidos)Tomographic Visualization of Dynamic Industrial Solid Transporting and Storage Systems (Zbigniew Chaniecki, Krzysztof Grudzień and Andrzej Romanowski)Tomography Data Processing for Multiphase Industrial Process Monitoring (Krzysztof Grudzień, Zbigniew Chaniecki, Andrzej Romanowski, Jacek Nowakowski and Dominik Sankowski)Dedicated 3D Image Processing Methods for the Analysis of X-Ray Tomography Data: Case Study of Materials Science (Laurent Babout and Marcin Janaszewski)Selected Algorithms of Quantitative Image Analysis for Measurements of Properties Characterizing Interfacial Interactions at High Temperatures (Krzysztof Strzecha, Anna Fabijańska, Tomasz Koszmider and Dominik Sankowski)Theoretical Introduction to Image Reconstruction for Capacitance Process Tomography (Radosław Wajman, Krzysztof Grudzien, Robert Banasiak, Andrzej Romanowski, Zbigniew Chaniecki and Dominik Sankowski)Infra-Red Thermovision in Surface Temperature Control System (Jacek Kucharski, Tomasz Jaworski, Andrzej Frączyk and Piotr Urbanek)Medical and Other Applications of Computer Vision:The Computer Evaluation of Surface Color Changes in Cultivated Plants Influence by Different Environmental Factors (Joanna Sekulska-Nalewajko and Jarosław Gocławski)Various Approaches to Processing and Analysis of Images Obtained from Immunoenzymatic Visualization of Secretory Activity with ELISPOT Method (Wojciech Bieniecki and Szymon Grabowski)Image Processing and Analysis Algorithms for Assessment and Diagnosis of Brain Diseases (Anna Fabijanska and Tomasz Węglinski)Computer Systems for Studying Dynamic Properties of Materials at High Temperatures (Marcin Bąkała, Rafał Wojciechowski and Dominik Sankowski) Readership: Researchers, professionals and academics in image analysis, machine perception/computer vision, software engineering and fuzzy logic. Keywords:Image Processing;Computer Vision;Robotics;Pattern Recognition;Fuzzy Logic;Process Tomography;Mobile Robots

Computer Vision And Robotics In Perioperative Process

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Author: Xu Yi,Tan Huan,Mao Ying

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813233303

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 120

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This invaluable compendium highlights the challenges of perioperative process in hospitals today. It delves into the development of a multi-agent robotic system where a dirty-side robot that sorts instruments returned from a surgical room into different containers for easy scrubbing, a Traybot that navigates the environment and transports the instrument containers to different stations, a clean-side robot that picks up instruments and places them in surgical kits, and an orchestration software architecture that manages the cooperation between different robots. The book discusses the technical details of all the components, from system architecture to the details of the end-effector design. Readers will gain significant knowledge on how such a system was put together. Contents: Introduction Project Background Related Work Overall Robotic System Architecture Vision Based Instrument Singulation Dirty Side Robot Design Mobile Robot Architecture Clean Side Robot Design Experiments Conclusions and Future Work Readership: Researchers, academics, professionals and graduate students in machine perception /computer vision, pattern recognition/image analysis and robotics and automated systems software. Keywords: Computer Vision;Robotics;Mobile Robot;Bin-Picking;End-Effector;PerioperativeReview:0

Computer Vision: Theory and Industrial Applications

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Author: Carme Torras

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642486754

Category: Computers

Page: 455

View: 6923

This book is the fruit of a very long and elaborate process. It was conceived as a comprehensive solution to several deficiencies encountered while trying to teach the essentials of Computer Vision in different contexts: to technicians from industry looking for technological solutions to some of their problems, to students in search of a good subject for a PhD thesis, and to researchers in other fields who believe that Computer Vision techniques may help them to analyse their results. The book was carefully planned with all these people in mind. Thus, it covers the fundamentals of both 2D and 3D Computer Vision and their most widespread industrial applications, such as automated inspection, robot guidance and workpiece acquisition. The level of explanation is that of an expanded introductory text, in the sense that, besides the basic material, some special advanced topics are included in each chapter, together with an extensive bibliography for experts to follow up. Well-known researchers on each of the topics were appointed to write a chapter following several guidelines to ensure a consistent presentation throughout. I would like to thank the authors for their patience, because some of them had to go through several revisions of their chapters in order to avoid repetition and to improve the homogeneity and coherence of the book. I hope they will find that the final result has been worth their efforts.

Computer Vision, Virtual Reality and Robotics in Medicine

First International Conference, CVRMed '95, Nice, France, April 3 - 6, 1995. Proceedings

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Author: Nicholas Ayache

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540591207

Category: Medical

Page: 574

View: 2342

This book contains the written contributions to the program of the First In ternational Conference on Computer Vision, Virtual Reality, and Robotics in Medicine (CVRMed'95) held in Nice during the period April 3-6, 1995. The articles are regrouped into a number of thematic sessions which cover the three major topics of the field: medical image understanding, registration problems in medicine, and therapy planning, simulation and control. The objective of the conference is not only to present the most innovative and promising research work but also to highlight research trends and to foster dialogues and debates among participants. This event was decided after a preliminary successful symposium organized in Stanford in March 1994 by E. Grimson (MIT), T. Kanade (CMU), R. Kikinis and W. Wells (Chair) (both at Harvard Medical School and Brigham and Women's Hospital), and myself (INRIA). We received 92 submitted full papers, and each one was evaluated by at least three members of the Program Committee, with the help of auxiliary reviewers. Based on these evaluations, a representative subset of the Program Committee met to select 19 long papers, 29 regular papers, and 27 posters. The geographical repartition of the contributions is the following: 24 from European countries (other than France), 23 contributions from France, 20 from Northern America (USA and Canada), and 8 from Asia (Japan and Singapore).

Computational Intelligence, Control and Computer Vision in Robotics and Automation

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Author: Bidyadhar Subudhi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788173199530

Category: Computers

Page: 230

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Computational Intelligence, Control and Computer Vision in Robotics and Automation describes the significance of Computational Intelligence, Control and Computer Vision towards developing intelligent robots and industrial automation with applications. The key features of the book are: * Presents the state-of-the-art technologies on robotics research. * Includes an array of recent investigations on navigation, motion planning of mobile robots, control of underactuated systems such as flexible robots and quadrotor together with soft computing approaches to control of single and multiple rigid robots. * Assembles research contributions in the frontier areas of robotics and automation from major researchers in India, USA, Canada, United Kingdom, Mexico and Malaysia. * Provides new directions of robotics applications e.g. electrical power line maintenance.

Machine Vision for Advanced Production

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Author: Matti Pietik„inen,Louis-Fran‡ois Pau

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9810225261

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 182

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Machine vision technology has created a strong interest among research organizations, resulting in many innovative products. Despite this end users have been very skeptical towards machine vision and its robustness in harsh industrial environments. This book presents the results of a national machine vision technology program aimed at boosting research and putting research results to work in practical industrial applications. The topics to be covered include image acquisition, analysis of surface color and texture, applications of machine vision in surface inspection and process control, 3-D measurements, and CAD-based machine vision.

Robotics and Automation in the Food Industry

Current and Future Technologies

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Author: Darwin G Caldwell

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 0857095765

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 528

View: 6833

The implementation of robotics and automation in the food sector offers great potential for improved safety, quality and profitability by optimising process monitoring and control. Robotics and automation in the food industry provides a comprehensive overview of current and emerging technologies and their applications in different industry sectors. Part one introduces key technologies and significant areas of development, including automatic process control and robotics in the food industry, sensors for automated quality and safety control, and the development of machine vision systems. Optical sensors and online spectroscopy, gripper technologies, wireless sensor networks (WSN) and supervisory control and data acquisition (SCADA) systems are discussed, with consideration of intelligent quality control systems based on fuzzy logic. Part two goes on to investigate robotics and automation in particular unit operations and industry sectors. The automation of bulk sorting and control of food chilling and freezing is considered, followed by chapters on the use of robotics and automation in the processing and packaging of meat, seafood, fresh produce and confectionery. Automatic control of batch thermal processing of canned foods is explored, before a final discussion on automation for a sustainable food industry. With its distinguished editor and international team of expert contributors, Robotics and automation in the food industry is an indispensable guide for engineering professionals in the food industry, and a key introduction for professionals and academics interested in food production, robotics and automation. Provides a comprehensive overview of current and emerging robotics and automation technologies and their applications in different industry sectors Chapters in part one cover key technologies and significant areas of development, including automatic process control and robotics in the food industry and sensors for automated quality and safety control Part two investigates robotics and automation in particular unit operations and industry sectors, including the automation of bulk sorting and the use of robotics and automation in the processing and packaging of meat, seafood, fresh produce and confectionery

Computer Vision in Vehicle Technology

Land, Sea, and Air

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Author: Antonio M. López,Atsushi Imiya,Tomas Pajdla,Jose M. Álvarez

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 1118868072

Category: Computers

Page: 216

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A unified view of the use of computer vision technology for different types of vehicles Computer Vision in Vehicle Technology focuses on computer vision as on-board technology, bringing together fields of research where computer vision is progressively penetrating: the automotive sector, unmanned aerial and underwater vehicles. It also serves as a reference for researchers of current developments and challenges in areas of the application of computer vision, involving vehicles such as advanced driver assistance (pedestrian detection, lane departure warning, traffic sign recognition), autonomous driving and robot navigation (with visual simultaneous localization and mapping) or unmanned aerial vehicles (obstacle avoidance, landscape classification and mapping, fire risk assessment). The overall role of computer vision for the navigation of different vehicles, as well as technology to address on-board applications, is analysed. Key features: Presents the latest advances in the field of computer vision and vehicle technologies in a highly informative and understandable way, including the basic mathematics for each problem. Provides a comprehensive summary of the state of the art computer vision techniques in vehicles from the navigation and the addressable applications points of view. Offers a detailed description of the open challenges and business opportunities for the immediate future in the field of vision based vehicle technologies. This is essential reading for computer vision researchers, as well as engineers working in vehicle technologies, and students of computer vision.

Robotic Welding, Intelligence and Automation

RWIA’2010

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Author: Tzyh-Jong Tarn,Shan-Ben Chen,Gu Fang

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783642199592

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 506

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This book shows some contributions presented in the 2010 International Conference on Robotic Welding, Intelligence and Automation (RWIA’2010), Oct. 14-16, 2010, Shanghai, China. Welding handicraft is one of the most primordial and traditional techniques, mainly by manpower and human experiences. Weld quality and efficiency are, therefore, straightly limited by the welder’s skill. In the modern manufacturing, automatic and robotic welding is becoming an inevitable trend. In recent years, the intelligentized techniques for robotic welding have a great development. The current teaching play-back welding robot is not with real-time functions for sensing and adaptive control of weld process. Generally, the key technologies on Intelligentized welding robot and robotic welding process include computer visual and other information sensing, monitoring and real-time feedback control of weld penetration and pool shape and welding quality. Seam tracking is another key technology for welding robot system. Some applications on intelligentized robotic welding technology is also described in this book, it shows a great potential and promising prospect of artificial intelligent technologies in the welding manufacturing.

Parallel and Distributed Computing

Theory and Practice. First Canada-France Conference, Montreal, Canada, May 19 - 21, 1994. Proceedings

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Author: Michel Cosnard,Afonso Ferreira,Joseph Peters

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9783540580782

Category: Computers

Page: 278

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This volume presents the proceedings of the First Canada-France Conference on Parallel Computing; despite its name, this conference was open to full international contribution and participation, as shown by the list of contributing authors. This volume consists of in total 22 full papers, either invited or accepted and revised after a thorough reviewing process. All together the papers provide a highly competent perspective on research in parallel algorithms and complexity, interconnection networks and distributed computing, algorithms for unstructured problems, and structured communications from the point of view of parallel and distributed computing.

Industrial Robotics

Programming, Simulation and Applications

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Author: Kin-Huat Low

Publisher: I-Tech

ISBN: 3866112866

Category:

Page: 690

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Intelligent Robotics and Applications

Second International Conference, ICIRA 2009, Singapore, December 16-18, 2009, Proceedings

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Author: Ming Xie,Youlun Xiong,Caihua Xiong,Zhencheng Hu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642108164

Category: Computers

Page: 1296

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The market demands for skills, knowledge and personalities have positioned robotics as an important field in both engineering and science. To meet these challenging - mands, robotics has already seen its success in automating many industrial tasks in factories. And, a new era will come for us to see a greater success of robotics in n- industrial environments. In anticipating a wider deployment of intelligent and auto- mous robots for tasks such as manufacturing, eldercare, homecare, edutainment, search and rescue, de-mining, surveillance, exploration, and security missions, it is necessary for us to push the frontier of robotics into a new dimension, in which motion and intelligence play equally important roles. After the success of the inaugural conference, the purpose of the Second Inter- tional Conference on Intelligent Robotics and Applications was to provide a venue where researchers, scientists, engineers and practitioners throughout the world could come together to present and discuss the latest achievement, future challenges and exciting applications of intelligent and autonomous robots. In particular, the emphasis of this year’s conference was on “robot intelligence for achieving digital manufact- ing and intelligent automations. ” This volume of Springer’s Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Computer Science contains accepted papers presented at ICIRA 2009, held in Singapore, December 16–18, 2009. On the basis of the reviews and recommendations by the international Program Committee members, we decided to accept 128 papers having technical novelty, out of 173 submissions received from different parts of the world.

Encyclopedia of Computer Science and Technology

Volume 35 - Supplement 20: Acquiring Task-Based Knowledge and Specifications to Seek Time Evaluation

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Author: Allen Kent,James G. Williams

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9780824722883

Category: Computers

Page: 408

View: 7547

Acquiring Task-Based Knowledge and Specifications to Seek Time Evaluation

Robotic Vision: Technologies for Machine Learning and Vision Applications

Technologies for Machine Learning and Vision Applications

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Author: Garcia-Rodriguez, Jose

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN: 1466627034

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 535

View: 5925

Robotic systems consist of object or scene recognition, vision-based motion control, vision-based mapping, and dense range sensing, and are used for identification and navigation. As these computer vision and robotic connections continue to develop, the benefits of vision technology including savings, improved quality, reliability, safety, and productivity are revealed. Robotic Vision: Technologies for Machine Learning and Vision Applications is a comprehensive collection which highlights a solid framework for understanding existing work and planning future research. This book includes current research on the fields of robotics, machine vision, image processing and pattern recognition that is important to applying machine vision methods in the real world.

Emerging Topics in Computer Vision and Its Applications

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Author: C. H. Chen

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814343005

Category: Computer vision

Page: 508

View: 6079

This book gives a comprehensive overview of the most advanced theories, methodologies and applications in computer vision. Particularly, it gives an extensive coverage of 3D and robotic vision problems. Example chapters featured are Fourier methods for 3D surface modeling and analysis, use of constraints for calibration-free 3D Euclidean reconstruction, novel photogeometric methods for capturing static and dynamic objects, performance evaluation of robot localization methods in outdoor terrains, integrating 3D vision with force/tactile sensors, tracking via in-floor sensing, self-calibration of camera networks, etc. Some unique applications of computer vision in marine fishery, biomedical issues, driver assistance, are also highlighted.

From Animals to Robots and Back: Reflections on Hard Problems in the Study of Cognition

A Collection in Honour of Aaron Sloman

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Author: Jeremy L. Wyatt,Dean D. Petters,David C. Hogg

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319066145

Category: Computers

Page: 258

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Cognitive Science is a discipline that brings together research in natural and artificial systems and this is clearly reflected in the diverse contributions to From Animals to Robots and Back. In tribute to Aaron Sloman and his pioneering work in Cognitive Science and Artificial Intelligence, the editors have collected a unique collection of cross-disciplinary papers that include work on: · intelligent robotics; · philosophy of cognitive science; · emotional research · computational vision; · comparative psychology; and · human-computer interaction. Key themes such as the importance of taking an architectural view in approaching cognition, run through the text. Drawing on the expertize of leading international researchers, contemporary debates in the study of natural and artificial cognition are addressed from complementary and contrasting perspectives with key issues being outlined at various levels of abstraction. From Animals to Robots and Back, will give readers with backgrounds in the study of both natural and artificial cognition an important window on the state of the art in cognitive systems research.

Innovations in Intelligent Image Analysis

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Author: Halina Kwasnicka,Lakhmi C. Jain

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642179339

Category: Computers

Page: 312

View: 3685

This book presents an introduction to new and important research in the images processing and analysis area. It is hoped that this book will be useful for scientists and students involved in many aspects of image analysis. The book does not attempt to cover all of the aspects of Computer Vision, but the chapters do present some state of the art examples.

Unifying Perspectives in Computational and Robot Vision

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Author: Danica Kragic,Ville Kyrki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387755233

Category: Computers

Page: 206

View: 4875

Assembled in this volume is a collection of some of the state-of-the-art methods that are using computer vision and machine learning techniques as applied in robotic applications. Currently there is a gap between research conducted in the computer vision and robotics communities. This volume discusses contrasting viewpoints of computer vision vs. robotics, and provides current and future challenges discussed from a research perspective.

Machine Vision and Mechatronics in Practice

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Author: John Billingsley,Peter Brett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662455145

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 350

View: 2422

The contributions for this book have been gathered over several years from conferences held in the series of Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice, the latest of which was held in Ankara, Turkey. The essential aspect is that they concern practical applications rather than the derivation of mere theory, though simulations and visualization are important components. The topics range from mining, with its heavy engineering, to the delicate machining of holes in the human skull or robots for surgery on human flesh. Mobile robots continue to be a hot topic, both from the need for navigation and for the task of stabilization of unmanned aerial vehicles. The swinging of a spray rig is damped, while machine vision is used for the control of heating in an asphalt-laying machine. Manipulators are featured, both for general tasks and in the form of grasping fingers. A robot arm is proposed for adding to the mobility scooter of the elderly. Can EEG signals be a means to control a robot? Can face recognition be achieved in varying illumination?"