Computer Vision in Robotics and Industrial Applications

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Author: Dominik Sankowski,Jacek Nowakowski

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814583731

Category: Computers

Page: 580

View: 2431

The book presents a collection of practical applications of image processing and analysis. Different vision systems are more often used among others in the automotive industry, pharmacy, military and police equipment, automated production and measurement systems. In each of these fields of technology, digital image processing and analysis module is a critical part of the process of building this type of system. The majority of books in the market deal with theoretical issues. However, this unique publication specially highlights industrial applications, especially industrial measurement applications. Along with its wide spectrum of image processing and analysis applications, this book is an interesting reference for both students and professionals. Contents:Theoretical Introduction to Image Reconstruction and Processing:Data Set Preparation for k-NN Classifier Using the Measure of Representativeness (Marcin Raniszewski)Segmentation Methods in the Selected Industrial Computer Vision Application (Anna Fabijanska and Dominik Sankowski)Line Fractional-Order Difference/Sum, Its Properties and an Application in Image Processing (Piotr Ostalczyk)Computer Vision in Robotics:Management Software for Distributed Mobile Robot System (Maciej Łaski, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Piotr Duch, Rafał Jachowicz, Adam Wulkiewicz, Dominik Sankowski and Piotr Ostalczyk)Advanced Vision Systems in Detection and Analysis of Characteristic Features of Objects (Adam Wulkiewicz, Rafał Jachowicz, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Piotr Duch, Maciej Łaski, Dominik Sankowski and Piotr Ostalczyk)Pattern Recognition Algorithms for the Navigation of Mobile Platform (Rafał Jachowicz, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Piotr Duch, Maciej Łaski, Adam Wulkiewicz, Dominik Sankowski and Piotr Ostalczyk)Partial Fractional-Order Difference in the Edge Detection (Piotr Duch, Rafał Jachowicz, Sylwester Błaszczyk, Maciej Łaski, Adam Wulkiewicz, Piotr Ostalczyk and Dominik Sankowski)Application of Fractional-Order Derivative for Edge Detection in Mobile Robot System (Sylwester Błaszczyk, Rafał Jachowicz, Piotr Duch, Maciej Łaski, Adam Wulkiewicz, Piotr Ostalczyk and Dominik Sankowski)Vision Based Human-Machine Interfaces: Visem Recognition (Krzysztof Ślot, Agnieszka Owczarek and Maria Janczyk)Industrial Applications of Computer Vision in Process Tomography, Material Science and Temperature Control:Hybrid Boundary Element Method Applied for Diffusion Tomography Problems (Jan Sikora, Maciej Pańczyk and Paweł Wieleba)Two-phase Gas-Liquid Flow Structures and Phase Distribution Determination Based on 3D Electrical Capacitance Tomography Visualization (Robert Banasiak, Radosław Wajman, Tomasz Jaworski, Paweł Fiderek, Jacek Nowakowski and Henryk Fidos)Tomographic Visualization of Dynamic Industrial Solid Transporting and Storage Systems (Zbigniew Chaniecki, Krzysztof Grudzień and Andrzej Romanowski)Tomography Data Processing for Multiphase Industrial Process Monitoring (Krzysztof Grudzień, Zbigniew Chaniecki, Andrzej Romanowski, Jacek Nowakowski and Dominik Sankowski)Dedicated 3D Image Processing Methods for the Analysis of X-Ray Tomography Data: Case Study of Materials Science (Laurent Babout and Marcin Janaszewski)Selected Algorithms of Quantitative Image Analysis for Measurements of Properties Characterizing Interfacial Interactions at High Temperatures (Krzysztof Strzecha, Anna Fabijańska, Tomasz Koszmider and Dominik Sankowski)Theoretical Introduction to Image Reconstruction for Capacitance Process Tomography (Radosław Wajman, Krzysztof Grudzien, Robert Banasiak, Andrzej Romanowski, Zbigniew Chaniecki and Dominik Sankowski)Infra-Red Thermovision in Surface Temperature Control System (Jacek Kucharski, Tomasz Jaworski, Andrzej Frączyk and Piotr Urbanek)Medical and Other Applications of Computer Vision:The Computer Evaluation of Surface Color Changes in Cultivated Plants Influence by Different Environmental Factors (Joanna Sekulska-Nalewajko and Jarosław Gocławski)Various Approaches to Processing and Analysis of Images Obtained from Immunoenzymatic Visualization of Secretory Activity with ELISPOT Method (Wojciech Bieniecki and Szymon Grabowski)Image Processing and Analysis Algorithms for Assessment and Diagnosis of Brain Diseases (Anna Fabijanska and Tomasz Węglinski)Computer Systems for Studying Dynamic Properties of Materials at High Temperatures (Marcin Bąkała, Rafał Wojciechowski and Dominik Sankowski) Readership: Researchers, professionals and academics in image analysis, machine perception/computer vision, software engineering and fuzzy logic. Keywords:Image Processing;Computer Vision;Robotics;Pattern Recognition;Fuzzy Logic;Process Tomography;Mobile Robots

Computer Vision And Robotics In Perioperative Process

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Author: Xu Yi,Tan Huan,Mao Ying

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813233303

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 120

View: 5061

This invaluable compendium highlights the challenges of perioperative process in hospitals today. It delves into the development of a multi-agent robotic system where a dirty-side robot that sorts instruments returned from a surgical room into different containers for easy scrubbing, a Traybot that navigates the environment and transports the instrument containers to different stations, a clean-side robot that picks up instruments and places them in surgical kits, and an orchestration software architecture that manages the cooperation between different robots. The book discusses the technical details of all the components, from system architecture to the details of the end-effector design. Readers will gain significant knowledge on how such a system was put together. Contents: Introduction Project Background Related Work Overall Robotic System Architecture Vision Based Instrument Singulation Dirty Side Robot Design Mobile Robot Architecture Clean Side Robot Design Experiments Conclusions and Future Work Readership: Researchers, academics, professionals and graduate students in machine perception /computer vision, pattern recognition/image analysis and robotics and automated systems software. Keywords: Computer Vision;Robotics;Mobile Robot;Bin-Picking;End-Effector;PerioperativeReview:0

Computer Vision and Sensor-Based Robots

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Author: C.H. Dodd

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461330270

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 353

View: 3421

The goal ofthe symposium, "Computer Vision and Sensor-Based Robots," held at the General Motors Research Laboratories on September 2S and 26, 1978, was to stimulate a closer interaction between people working in diverse areas and to discuss fundamental issues related to vision and robotics. This book contains the papers and general discussions of that symposium, the 22nd in an annual series covering different technical disciplines that are timely and of interest to General Motors as well as the technical community at large. The subject of this symposium remains timely because the cost of computer vision hardware continues to drop and there is increasing use of robots in manufacturing applications. Current industrial applications of computer vision range from simple systems that measure or compare to sophisticated systems for part location determination and inspection. Almost all industrial robots today work with known parts in known posi tions, and we are just now beginning to see the emergence of programmable automa tion in which the robot can react to its environment when stimulated by visual and force-touch sensor inputs. As discussed in the symposium, future advances will depend largely on research now underway in several key areas. Development of vision systems that can meet industrial speed and resolution requirements with a sense of depth and color is a necessary step.

Computer Vision: Theory and Industrial Applications

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Author: Carme Torras

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642486754

Category: Computers

Page: 455

View: 9476

This book is the fruit of a very long and elaborate process. It was conceived as a comprehensive solution to several deficiencies encountered while trying to teach the essentials of Computer Vision in different contexts: to technicians from industry looking for technological solutions to some of their problems, to students in search of a good subject for a PhD thesis, and to researchers in other fields who believe that Computer Vision techniques may help them to analyse their results. The book was carefully planned with all these people in mind. Thus, it covers the fundamentals of both 2D and 3D Computer Vision and their most widespread industrial applications, such as automated inspection, robot guidance and workpiece acquisition. The level of explanation is that of an expanded introductory text, in the sense that, besides the basic material, some special advanced topics are included in each chapter, together with an extensive bibliography for experts to follow up. Well-known researchers on each of the topics were appointed to write a chapter following several guidelines to ensure a consistent presentation throughout. I would like to thank the authors for their patience, because some of them had to go through several revisions of their chapters in order to avoid repetition and to improve the homogeneity and coherence of the book. I hope they will find that the final result has been worth their efforts.

Handbook of Machine and Computer Vision

The Guide for Developers and Users

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Author: Alexander Hornberg

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN: 352741343X

Category: Computers

Page: 848

View: 8252

The second edition of this accepted reference work has been updated to reflect the rapid developments in the field and now covers both 2D and 3D imaging. Written by expert practitioners from leading companies operating in machine vision, this one-stop handbook guides readers through all aspects of image acquisition and image processing, including optics, electronics and software. The authors approach the subject in terms of industrial applications, elucidating such topics as illumination and camera calibration. Initial chapters concentrate on the latest hardware aspects, ranging from lenses and camera systems to camera-computer interfaces, with the software necessary discussed to an equal depth in later sections. These include digital image basics as well as image analysis and image processing. The book concludes with extended coverage of industrial applications in optics and electronics, backed by case studies and design strategies for the conception of complete machine vision systems. As a result, readers are not only able to understand the latest systems, but also to plan and evaluate this technology. With more than 500 images and tables to illustrate relevant principles and steps.

Progress in Pattern Recognition, Image Analysis, Computer Vision, and Applications

18th Iberoamerican Congress, CIARP 2013, Havana, Cuba, November 20-13, 2013, Proceedings

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Author: José Ruiz-Shulcloper,Gabriella Sanniti di Baja

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642418228

Category: Computers

Page: 563

View: 9816

The two-volume set LNCS 8258 and 8259 constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 18th Iberoamerican Congress on Pattern Recognition, CIARP 2013, held in Havana, Cuba, in November 2013. The 137 papers presented, together with two keynotes, were carefully reviewed and selected from 262 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections on mathematical theory of PR, supervised and unsupervised classification, feature or instance selection for classification, image analysis and retrieval, signals analysis and processing, applications of pattern recognition, biometrics, video analysis, and data mining.

Machine Vision and Mechatronics in Practice

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Author: John Billingsley,Peter Brett

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3662455145

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 350

View: 1349

The contributions for this book have been gathered over several years from conferences held in the series of Mechatronics and Machine Vision in Practice, the latest of which was held in Ankara, Turkey. The essential aspect is that they concern practical applications rather than the derivation of mere theory, though simulations and visualization are important components. The topics range from mining, with its heavy engineering, to the delicate machining of holes in the human skull or robots for surgery on human flesh. Mobile robots continue to be a hot topic, both from the need for navigation and for the task of stabilization of unmanned aerial vehicles. The swinging of a spray rig is damped, while machine vision is used for the control of heating in an asphalt-laying machine. Manipulators are featured, both for general tasks and in the form of grasping fingers. A robot arm is proposed for adding to the mobility scooter of the elderly. Can EEG signals be a means to control a robot? Can face recognition be achieved in varying illumination?"

Advances in Machine Vision

Strategies and Applications

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Author: Colin Archibald

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810209766

Category: Computers

Page: 370

View: 2873

This book describes recent strategies and applications for extracting useful information from sensor data. For example, the methods presented by Roth and Levine are becoming widely accepted as the ?best? way to segment range images, and the neural network methods for Alpha-numeric character recognition, presented by K Yamada, are believed to be the best yet presented. An applied system to analyze the images of dental imprints presented by J C“t‚, et al. is one of several examples of image processing systems that have already been proven to be practical, and can serve as a model for the image processing system designer. Important aspects of the automation of processes are presented in a practical way which can provide immediate new capabilities in fields as diverse as biomedical image processing, document processing, industrial automation, understanding human perception, and the defence industries. The book is organized into sections describing Model Driven Feature Extraction, Data Driven Feature Extraction, Neural Networks, Model Building, and Applications.

Intelligent robots and computer vision

sixth in a series, 2-6 November 1987, Cambridge, Massachusetts

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Author: David Paul Casasent,Ernest L. Hall,Society of Photo-optical Instrumentation Engineers,IEEE Industrial Electronics Society,Keisoku Jidō Seigyo Gakkai (Japan)

Publisher: Society of Photo Optical

ISBN: N.A

Category: Computers

Page: 665

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Intelligent Robotics and Applications

First International Conference, ICIRA 2008 Wuhan, China, October 15-17, 2008 Proceedings

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Author: Caihua Xiong,Yongan Huang,Youlun Xiong

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540885129

Category: Computers

Page: 1284

View: 7924

Poland, - mania,Singapore,Slovakia,Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, Taiwan,UK,and USA.

Trends in Applied Intelligent Systems

23rd International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligent Systems, IEA/AIE 2010, Cordoba, Spain, June 1-4, 2010, Proceedings

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Author: Nicolás García-Pedrajas,Francisco Herrera,Colin Fyfe,José Manuel Benítez Sánchez,Moonis Ali

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642130259

Category: Computers

Page: 680

View: 8715

Annotation The three volume set LNAI 6096, LNAI 6097, and LNAI 6098 constitutes the thoroughly refereed conference proceedings of the 23rd International Conference on Industrial Engineering and Other Applications of Applied Intelligend Systems, IEA/AIE 2010, held in Cordoba, Spain, in June 2010. The total of 119 papers selected for the proceedings were carefully reviewed and selected from 297 submissions.

Texture Analysis in Machine Vision

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Author: M K Pietikäinen

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 981449268X

Category: Computers

Page: 280

View: 3002

Texture analysis is an important generic research area of machine vision. The potential areas of application include biomedical image analysis, industrial inspection, analysis of satellite or aerial imagery, content-based retrieval from image databases, document analysis, biometric person authentication, scene analysis for robot navigation, texture synthesis for computer graphics and animation, and image coding. Texture analysis has been a topic of intensive research for over three decades, but the progress has been very slow. A workshop on “Texture Analysis in Machine Vision” was held at the University of Oulu, Finland, in 1999, providing a forum for presenting recent research results and for discussing how to make progress in order to increase the usefulness of texture in practical applications. This book contains extended and revised versions of the papers presented at the workshop. The first part of the book deals with texture analysis methodology, while the second part covers various applications. The book gives a unique view of different approaches and applications of texture analysis. It should be of great interest both to researchers of machine vision and to practitioners in various application areas. Contents:Nonparametric Texture Analysis with Complementary Spatial Operators (M Pietikäinen & T Ojala)Multi-Resolution Clustering of Texture Images (S Battiato & G Gallo)Robustness of Local Binary Pattern (LBP) Operators to Tilt-Compensated Textures (M Soriano et al.)Using Texture in Image Similarity and Retrieval (S Aksoy & R M Haralick)Tongue Texture Analysis Using Gabor Wavelet Opponent Colour Features for Tongue Diagnosis in Traditional Chinese Medicine (P C Yuen et al.)Feature Evaluation of Texture Test Objects for Magnetic Resonance Imaging (A Materka et al.)Automatic Detection of Errors on Textures Using Invariant Grey-Scale Features and Polynomial Classifiers (M Schael & H Burkhardt)Combining Analysis and Synthesis of Textures for the Animation Industry (M Ollila et al.)and other papers Readership: Researchers, graduate students and industrialists in the field of machine vision. Keywords:Computer Vision;Image Analysis;Pattern Recognition;Feature Extraction;Classification;Segmentation;Texture Synthesis;Surface Properties;Color Texture;Applications

Colour Additives for Foods and Beverages

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Author: Michael J. Scotter

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN: 1782420207

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 260

View: 8196

Food colour additives have been the focus of much research in the last few years, and there is increasing consumer demand for natural and safer synthetic colours. This book reviews the natural and synthetic colours available, their properties and applications, as well as regulatory, sensory and analytical issues. Part one covers the development and safety of food colour additives. Part two covers properties and methods of analysis, and part three focuses on specific food product applications and future trends. Reviews the natural and synthetic colour additives available for foods and beverages, looking at their properties and applications as well as regulatory, sensory and analytical issues Expert analysis of natural origin colours, synthetic origin colours, overview of regulations, safety analysis and consumer health Comprehensive coverage of properties and development in food colours: chemical purity, colour stability, and consumer sensory perception

Proceedings of International Conference on Soft Computing Techniques and Engineering Application

ICSCTEA 2013, September 25-27, 2013, Kunming, China

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Author: Srikanta Patnaik,Xiaolong Li

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 8132216954

Category: Computers

Page: 579

View: 3709

The main objective of ICSCTEA 2013 is to provide a platform for researchers, engineers and academicians from all over the world to present their research results and development activities in soft computing techniques and engineering application. This conference provides opportunities for them to exchange new ideas and application experiences face to face, to establish business or research relations and to find global partners for future collaboration.

Machine Vision

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Author: Richard K. Miller,Nello Zeuch

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780442237370

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 209

View: 7788

Aimed at manufacturing managers and engineers looking for an introduction to computer vision and its potential, this book discusses the areas in which machine vision is being used, explains different types of machine vision hardware and software and summarizes research at several universities.

Practical Robot Design

Game Playing Robots

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Author: Jagannathan Kanniah,M. Fikret Ercan,Carlos A. Acosta Calderon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482210223

Category: Science

Page: 418

View: 8476

Designed for beginners, undergraduate students, and robotics enthusiasts, Practical Robot Design: Game Playing Robots is a comprehensive guide to the theory, design, and construction of game-playing robots. Drawing on years of robot building and teaching experience, the authors demonstrate the key steps of building a robot from beginning to end, with independent examples for extra modules. Each chapter covers basic theory and key topics, including actuators, sensors, robot vision, and control, with examples and case studies from robotic games. Furthermore, the book discusses the application of AI techniques and provides algorithms, and application examples with MATLAB® code. The book includes: Comprehensive coverate on drive motors and drive motor control References to vendor websites as necessary Digital control techniques, with a focus on implementation Techniques for designing and implementing slightly advanced controllers for pole-balancing robots Basic artificial intelligence techniques with examples in MATLAB Discussion of the vision systems, sensor systems, and controlling of robots The result of a summer course for students taking up robotic games as their final-year project, the authors hope that this book will empower readers in terms of the necessary background as well as the understanding of how various engineering fields are amalgamated in robotics.