Computer Vision And Robotics In Perioperative Process

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Author: Xu Yi,Tan Huan,Mao Ying

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9813233303

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 120

View: 5091

This invaluable compendium highlights the challenges of perioperative process in hospitals today. It delves into the development of a multi-agent robotic system where a dirty-side robot that sorts instruments returned from a surgical room into different containers for easy scrubbing, a Traybot that navigates the environment and transports the instrument containers to different stations, a clean-side robot that picks up instruments and places them in surgical kits, and an orchestration software architecture that manages the cooperation between different robots. The book discusses the technical details of all the components, from system architecture to the details of the end-effector design. Readers will gain significant knowledge on how such a system was put together. Contents: Introduction Project Background Related Work Overall Robotic System Architecture Vision Based Instrument Singulation Dirty Side Robot Design Mobile Robot Architecture Clean Side Robot Design Experiments Conclusions and Future Work Readership: Researchers, academics, professionals and graduate students in machine perception /computer vision, pattern recognition/image analysis and robotics and automated systems software. Keywords: Computer Vision;Robotics;Mobile Robot;Bin-Picking;End-Effector;PerioperativeReview:0

Numerical Algorithms

Methods for Computer Vision, Machine Learning, and Graphics

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Author: Justin Solomon

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 1482251892

Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 1407

Numerical Algorithms: Methods for Computer Vision, Machine Learning, and Graphics presents a new approach to numerical analysis for modern computer scientists. Using examples from a broad base of computational tasks, including data processing, computational photography, and animation, the textbook introduces numerical modeling and algorithmic design from a practical standpoint and provides insight into the theoretical tools needed to support these skills. The book covers a wide range of topics—from numerical linear algebra to optimization and differential equations—focusing on real-world motivation and unifying themes. It incorporates cases from computer science research and practice, accompanied by highlights from in-depth literature on each subtopic. Comprehensive end-of-chapter exercises encourage critical thinking and build students’ intuition while introducing extensions of the basic material. The text is designed for advanced undergraduate and beginning graduate students in computer science and related fields with experience in calculus and linear algebra. For students with a background in discrete mathematics, the book includes some reminders of relevant continuous mathematical background.

Robot Vision

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Author: Berthold Horn

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262081597

Category: Computers

Page: 509

View: 5993

"Presents a solid framework for understanding existing work and planning future research."--Cover.

New Trends in Medical and Service Robots

Theory and Integrated Applications

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Author: Doina Pisla,Hannes Bleuler,Aleksandar Rodić,Calin Vaida,Adrian Pisla

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3319015923

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 238

View: 1637

This book contains mainly the selected papers of the First International Workshop on Medical and Service Robots, held in Cluj-Napoca, Romania, in 2012. The high quality of the scientific contributions is the result of a rigorous selection and improvement based on the participants’ exchange of opinions and extensive peer-review. This process has led to the publishing of the present collection of 16 independent valuable contributions and points of view and not as standard symposium or conference proceedings. The addressed issues are: Computational Kinematics, Mechanism Design, Linkages and Manipulators, Mechanisms for Biomechanics, Mechanics of Robots, Control Issues for Mechanical Systems, Novel Designs, Teaching Methods, all of these being concentrated around robotic systems for medical and service applications. The results are of interest to researchers and professional practitioners as well as to Ph.D. students in the field of mechanical and electrical engineering. This volume marks the start of a subseries entitled “New Trends in Medical and Service Robots” within the Machine and Mechanism Science Series, presenting recent trends, research results and new challenges in the field of medical and service robotics.

Popular Mechanics Robots

A New Age of Bionics, Drones and Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Daniel H. Wilson

Publisher: Hearst Books

ISBN: 9781618371683

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 144

View: 7474

Robots and AI have long intrigued humans—and the fascination continues in this fantastic collection of allPopular Mechanics' robotic coverage from 2010 to the present. Exploring machines that can recognize our faces, diagnose illnesses, drive our cars, and go into space, author David H. Wilson shows how robots aren't out to destroy humanity . . . but part of a wonderful new world.

Component-based Software Development

Case Studies

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Author: Kung-Kiu Lau

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9812562427

Category: Computers

Page: 303

View: 8437

Component-based software development (CBD) is an emerging discipline that promises to take software engineering into a new era. Building on the achievements of object-oriented software construction, CBD aims to deliver software engineering from a cottage industry into an industrial age for Information Technology, wherein software can be assembled from components, in the manner that hardware systems are currently constructed from kits of parts. This volume provides a survey of the current state of CBD, as reflected by activities that have been taking place recently under the banner of CBD, with a view to giving pointers to future trends. The contributions report case studies - self-contained, fixed-term investigations with a finite set of clearly defined objectives and measurable outcomes - on a sample of the myriad aspects of CBD. The book includes chapters dealing with COTS (commercial off-the-shelf) components; methodologies for CBD; compositionality, i.e. how to calculate or predict properties of a composite from those of its constituents; component software testing; and grid computing.

Medicine Meets Virtual Reality 14

Accelerating Change in Healthcare: Next Medical Toolkit

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Author: J.D. Westwood,R.S. Haluck,H.M. Hoffman

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 1607501589

Category: Computers

Page: 620

View: 7157

Machine intelligence will eclipse human intelligence within the next few decades - extrapolating from Moore’s Law - and our world will enjoy limitless computational power and ubiquitous data networks. Today’s iPod® devices portend an era when biology and information technology will fuse to create a human experience radically different from our own. Already, our healthcare system now appears on the verge of crisis; accelerating change is part of the problem. Each technological upgrade demands an investment of education and money, and a costly infrastructure more quickly becomes obsolete. Practitioners can be overloaded with complexity: therapeutic options, outcomes data, procedural coding, drug names etc. Furthermore, an aging global population with a growing sense of entitlement demands that each medical breakthrough be immediately available for its benefit: what appears in the morning paper is expected simultaneously in the doctor’s office. Meanwhile, a third-party payer system generates conflicting priorities for patient care and stockholder returns. The result is a healthcare system stressed by scientific promise, public expectation, economic and regulatory constraints and human limitations. Change is also proving beneficial, of course. Practitioners are empowered by better imaging methods, more precise robotic tools, greater realism in training simulators, and more powerful intelligence networks. The remarkable accomplishments of the IT industry and the Internet are trickling steadily into healthcare. The Medicine Meets Virtual Reality series can readily see the progress of the past fourteen years: more effective healthcare at a lower overall cost, driven by cheaper and better computers.

Perioperative Management in Robotic Surgery

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Author: Alan Kaye,Richard Urman

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 1107143128

Category: Medical

Page: 400

View: 6321

Perioperative Management in Robotic Surgery covers perioperative considerations for robot-assisted surgery (RAS), from preoperative through to postoperative. This is the first extensive, evidence-based, clinical work covering the perioperative management of commonly performed and emerging RAS. Included inside are discussions of surgical procedures, preoperative evaluation, patient selection, common emergencies, complications, pain management and recovery (including same day surgery). There are also reviews of patient management, the basics of various procedures and techniques, useful patient care protocols, as well as an overview of the perioperative issues that are unique to any given RAS procedure. Written for anesthesiologists, surgeons, and other perioperative physicians - as well as allied health professionals, nurses, and physician assistants who assist during RAS procedures and help manage patients during the perioperative period.

Serious Games and Edutainment Applications

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Author: Minhua Ma,Andreas Oikonomou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319516450

Category: Computers

Page: 702

View: 2650

With the continued application of gaming for training and education, which has seen exponential growth over the past two decades, this book offers an insightful introduction to the current developments and applications of game technologies within educational settings, with cutting-edge academic research and industry insights, providing a greater understanding into current and future developments and advances within this field. Following on from the success of the first volume in 2011, researchers from around the world presents up-to-date research on a broad range of new and emerging topics such as serious games and emotion, games for music education and games for medical training, to gamification, bespoke serious games, and adaptation of commercial off-the shelf games for education and narrative design, giving readers a thorough understanding of the advances and current issues facing developers and designers regarding games for training and education. This second volume of Serious Games and Edutainment Applications offers further insights for researchers, designers and educators who are interested in using serious games for training and educational purposes, and gives game developers with detailed information on current topics and developments within this growing area.

Discrete Fractional Calculus

Applications in Control and Image Processing

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Author: Piotr Ostalczyk

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814725676

Category: Mathematics

Page: 356

View: 6350

The main subject of the monograph is the fractional calculus in the discrete version. The volume is divided into three main parts. Part one contains a theoretical introduction to the classical and fractional-order discrete calculus where the fundamental role is played by the backward difference and sum. In the second part, selected applications of the discrete fractional calculus in the discrete system control theory are presented. In the discrete system identification, analysis and synthesis, one can consider integer or fractional models based on the fractional-order difference equations. The third part of the book is devoted to digital image processing.

CONTROLO’2014 – Proceedings of the 11th Portuguese Conference on Automatic Control

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Author: António Paulo Moreira,Aníbal Matos,Germano Veiga

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319103806

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 763

View: 4098

During the last 20 years the Portuguese association of automatic control, Associação Portuguesa de Controlo Automático, with the sponsorship of IFAC have established the CONTROLO conference as a reference international forum where an effective exchange of knowledge and experience amongst researchers active in various theoretical and applied areas of systems and control can take place, always including considerable space for promoting new technical applications and developments, real-world challenges and success stories. In this 11th edition the CONTROLO conference evolved by introducing two strategic partnerships with Spanish and Brazilian associations in automatic control, Comité Español de Automática and Sociedade Brasileira de Automatica, respectively.

3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing

Principles and ApplicationsFifth Edition of Rapid Prototyping Fivth Edition

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Author: Chee Kai Chua,Kah Fai Leong

Publisher: World Scientific Publishing Company

ISBN: 9813149280

Category:

Page: 456

View: 6649

Additive Manufacturing (AM) technologies are developing impressively and are expected to bring about the next revolution. AM is gradually replacing traditional manufacturing methods in some applications because of its unique properties of customisability and versatility. This book provides a very comprehensive and updated text about different types of AM technologies, their respective advantages, shortcomings and potential applications. 3D Printing and Additive Manufacturing: Principles and Applications is a comprehensive textbook that takes readers inside the world of additive manufacturing. This book introduces the different types of AM technologies, categorised by liquid, solid and powder-based AM systems, the common standards, the trends in the field and many more. Easy to understand, this book is a good introduction to anyone interested in obtaining a better understanding of AM. For people working in the industry, this book will provide information on new methods and practices, as well as recent research and development in the field. For professional readers, this book provides a comprehensive guide to distinguish between the different technologies, and will help them make better decisions regarding which technology they should use. For the general public, this book sheds some light on the fast-moving AM field. In this edition, new AM standards (e.g. Standard of Terminology and Classification of AM systems) and format standards will be included, Furthermore, the listing of new machines and systems, materials, and software; as well as new case studies and applications in industries that have recently adopted AM (such as the Marine and Offshore industry) have also been incorporated. Request Inspection Copy

Surgical Robotics

Systems Applications and Visions

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Author: Jacob Rosen,Blake Hannaford,Richard M. Satava

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9781441911261

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 819

View: 5591

Surgical robotics is a rapidly evolving field. With roots in academic research, surgical robotic systems are now clinically used across a wide spectrum of surgical procedures. Surgical Robotics: Systems Applications and Visions provides a comprehensive view of the field both from the research and clinical perspectives. This volume takes a look at surgical robotics from four different perspectives, addressing vision, systems, engineering development and clinical applications of these technologies. The book also: -Discusses specific surgical applications of robotics that have already been deployed in operating rooms -Covers specific engineering breakthroughs that have occurred in surgical robotics -Details surgical robotic applications in specific disciplines of surgery including orthopedics, urology, cardiac surgery, neurosurgery, ophthalmology, pediatric surgery and general surgery Surgical Robotics: Systems Applications and Visions is an ideal volume for researchers and engineers working in biomedical engineering.

Anesthesia for Urologic Surgery

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Author: Daniel M. Gainsburg,Ethan O. Bryson,Elizabeth A. M. Frost

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461473632

Category: Medical

Page: 367

View: 458

This is a concise, up-to-date reference on anesthesia for urological surgery. Urological anesthesia is not recognized as a specialty, and a majority of anesthesiologists and nurse anesthetists will provide anesthesia for these patients. Advances in urological procedures, the advent of treatment of patients with strong anticoagulant and antiplatelet medications, and the demographics of urology patients (many of whom are young or elderly) present challenges for the anesthesiologist and have necessitated changes in anesthesia practice. The last volume on this topic was published in 2000, and the time is right for a fresh presentation of contemporary expertise in anesthesia for urological surgery. The book provides a brief review of renal physiology and pharmacology then addresses anesthesia for each major group of urological procedures (e.g., endoscopic, office-based, laparoscopic and robotic, nephrolithotripsy, renal transplantation, etc.) and in special populations, including the geriatric patient, the pediatric patient, and the pregnant patient. Separate chapters discuss the unique challenges of positioning the patient, and of managing the patient taking anticoagulant and antiplatelet medication, and the chapter on pain management addresses common and important perioperative concerns. The book provides a brief review of renal physiology and pharmacology then addresses anesthesia for each major group of urological procedures (e.g., endoscopic, office-based, laparoscopic and robotic, nephrolithotripsy, renal transplantation, etc.) and in special populations, including the geriatric patient, the pediatric patient, and the pregnant patient. Separate chapters discuss the unique challenges of positioning the patient, and of managing the patient taking anticoagulant and antiplatelet medication, and the chapter on pain management addresses common and important perioperative concerns.

Textbook of Surgery for Dental Students

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Author: Sanjay Marwah

Publisher: JP Medical Ltd

ISBN: 9352702379

Category: Medical

Page: 388

View: 1104

This textbook is a comprehensive guide to surgical procedures for undergraduate dental students. Divided into 31 chapters, the text provides step by step information on the treatment of various common and less common disorders including infections, tumours, diseases of the salivary glands, head and cranial nerve injury, cleft lip, swellings of the jaw, and much more. This second edition has been fully revised, with new topics added, to provide students with the latest advances in the field. Key topics are accompanied by case summaries and important learning points and nearly 750 photographs, diagrams, flow charts and tables assist understanding and revision. The accompanying interactive CD ROM demonstrates minor operations and ward procedures. Key points Comprehensive guide to surgical procedures for dental students Fully revised, new edition Includes interactive CD ROM demonstrating procedures Previous edition (9788184487459) published in 2010

Perioperative Considerations and Positioning for Neurosurgical Procedures

A Clinical Guide

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Author: Adam Arthur,Kevin Foley,C. Wayne Hamm

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331972679X

Category: Medical

Page: 287

View: 8693

There are relationships that exist between neuroanesthesia, neurosurgical procedures, individual patient pathology and the positioning of a patient for said procedure. A comprehensive examination of these relationships, their association with patient morbidity/mortality and how to approach these issues in an evidence-based manner has yet to become available. Positioning related injuries have been documented as major contributors to neurosurgical/neuroanesthesiology liability. This text examines these relationships. It provides considerations necessary to the correct positioning of a patient for a neurosurgical procedure for each individual patient and their individual pathology. In other words, this text will demonstrate how to construct the necessary surgical posture for the indicated neurosurgical procedure given the individual constraints of the patient within the environment of anesthesia and conforming to existing evidence-based practice guidelines. Sections will address physiological changes inherent in positioning in relation to anesthesia for neurosurgical procedures, assessment of patient for planned procedure, as well as considerations for managing problems associated with these relationships. Additional sections will examine the relationship between neurosurgical positioning and medical malpractice and the biomechanical science between positioning devices and neurosurgical procedures. Neurosurgery and its patient population are in a constant state of change. Providing the necessary considerations for the neurosurgical procedure planned under the anesthesia conditions planned in the position planned, often in the absence of multicase study literary support, without incurring additional morbidity is the goal of this text.

Robotic Urologic Surgery

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Author: Vipul R. Patel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1846287049

Category: Medical

Page: 222

View: 2566

Robotic Urologic Surgery is a technical manual for various robotic approaches to surgical procedures, with helpful hints for avoiding pitfalls. The book shows how to develop a successful robotics program, learn the various techniques, and improve outcomes. Leading robotic urologic surgeons worldwide contribute chapters. The body of available data is reviewed in table format and supported by schematic diagrams and anatomic photographs to illustrate the concept being discussed. An accompanying DVD gives instructional content. This book is essential reading for all urologists as a reference to establish a robotics program, refine their surgical technique and provide information to patients.

Robotics in Genitourinary Surgery

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Author: Ashok K. Hemal,Mani Menon

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319206451

Category: Medical

Page: 961

View: 5281

This updated volume provides a comprehensive guide to the recent developments of digital and intelligent technologies related to genitourinary surgery. New topics include the adaptation of simulators, training programs, standardized credentialing, evidence-based practice, as well as the economics of robotic surgery. The impact on public and global health is also covered. Robotics in Genitourinary Surgery aims to help surgeons and patients adopt the techniques and procedures discussed, and in turn educate and expand research activities within the field.

Emerging Topics in Computer Vision and Its Applications

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Author: C. H. Chen

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9814343005

Category: Computer vision

Page: 508

View: 6403

This book gives a comprehensive overview of the most advanced theories, methodologies and applications in computer vision. Particularly, it gives an extensive coverage of 3D and robotic vision problems. Example chapters featured are Fourier methods for 3D surface modeling and analysis, use of constraints for calibration-free 3D Euclidean reconstruction, novel photogeometric methods for capturing static and dynamic objects, performance evaluation of robot localization methods in outdoor terrains, integrating 3D vision with force/tactile sensors, tracking via in-floor sensing, self-calibration of camera networks, etc. Some unique applications of computer vision in marine fishery, biomedical issues, driver assistance, are also highlighted.