Computer Analysis of Visual Textures

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Author: Fumiaki Tomita,Saburo Tsuji

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461315530

Category: Computers

Page: 173

View: 4992

This book presents theories and techniques for perception of textures by computer. Texture is a homogeneous visual pattern that we perceive in surfaces of objects such as textiles, tree barks or stones. Texture analysis is one of the first important steps in computer vision since texture provides important cues to recognize real-world objects. A major part of the book is devoted to two-dimensional analysis of texture patterns by extracting statistical and structural features. It also deals with the shape-from-texture problem which addresses recovery of the three-dimensional surface shapes based on the geometry of projection of the surface texture to the image plane. Perception is still largely mysterious. Realizing a computer vision system that can work in the real world requires more research and ex periment. Capability of textural perception is a key component. We hope this book will contribute to the advancement of computer vision toward robust, useful systems. vVe would like to express our appreciation to Professor Takeo Kanade at Carnegie Mellon University for his encouragement and help in writing this book; to the members of Computer Vision Section at Electrotechni cal Laboratory for providing an excellent research environment; and to Carl W. Harris at Kluwer Academic Publishers for his help in preparing the manuscript.

Dynamic Analysis of Robot Manipulators

A Cartesian Tensor Approach

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Author: Constantinos A. Balafoutis,Rajnikant V. Patel

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461539528

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 292

View: 6805

The purpose of this monograph is to present computationally efficient algorithms for solving basic problems in robot manipulator dynamics. In par ticular, the following problems of rigid-link open-chain manipulator dynam ics are considered : i) computation of inverse dynamics, ii) computation of forward dynamics, and iii) generation of linearized dynamic models. Com putationally efficient solutions of these problems are prerequisites for real time robot applications and simulations. Cartesian tensor analysis is the mathematical foundation on which the above mentioned computational algorithms are based. In particular, it is shown in this monograph that by exploiting the relationships between second order Cartesian tensors and their vector invariants, a number of new tensor vector identities can be obtained. These identities enrich the theory of Carte sian tensors and allow us to manipulate complex Cartesian tensor equations effuctively. Moreover, based on these identities the classical vector descrip tion for the Newton-Euler equations of rigid body motion are rewritten in an equivalent tensor formulation which is shown to have computational advan tages over the classical vector formulation. Thus, based on Cartesian tensor analysis, a conceptually simple, easy to implement and computationally efficient tensor methodology is presented in this monograph for studying classical rigid body dynamics. XlI Application of this tensor methodology to the dynamic analysis of rigid-link open-chain robot manipulators is simple and leads to an efficient fonnulation of the dynamic equations of motion.

Biomedical Data and Applications

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Author: Amandeep S. Sidhu,Tharam S. Dillon,Matthew Bellgard

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642021921

Category: Computers

Page: 344

View: 8444

Compared with data from general application domains, modern biological data has many unique characteristics. The goal of this book is to cover data and applications identifying new issues and directions for future research in biomedical domain.

Computer-Aided Mechanical Assembly Planning

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Author: Luis S. Homem de Mello,Sukhan Lee

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1461540380

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 446

View: 9194

Some twenty years have elapsed since the first attempts at planning were made by researchers in artificial intelligence. These early programs concentrated on the development of plans for the solution of puzzles or toy problems, like the rearrangement of stacks of blocks. These early programs provided the foundation for the work described in this book, the automatic generation of plans for industrial assembly. As one reads about the complex and sophisticated planners in the current gen eration, it is important to keep in mind that they are addressing real-world problems. Although these systems may become the "toy" systems of tomor row, they are providing a solid foundation for future, more general and more advanced planning tools. As demonstrated by the papers in this book, the field of computer-aided mechanical assembly planning is maturing. It now may include: • geometric descriptions of parts extracted from or compatible with CAD programs; • constraints related to part interference and the use of tools; • fixtures and jigs required for the assembly; • the nature of connectors, matings and other relations between parts; • number of turnovers required during the assembly; • handling and gripping requirements for various parts; • automatic identification of subassemblies. This is not an exhaustive list, but it serves to illustrate the complexity of some of the issues which are discussed in this book. Such issues must be considered in the design of the modern planners, as they produce desirable assembly sequences and precedence relations for assembly.

Integrated Image and Graphics Technologies

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Author: David D. Zhang,Mohamed Kamel,George Baciu

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1402077750

Category: Computers

Page: 416

View: 4943

Integrated Image and Graphics Technologies attempts to enhance the access points to both introductory and advanced material in this area, and to facilitate the reader with a comprehensive reference for the study of integrated technologies, systems of image and graphics conveniently and effectively. This edited volume will provide a collection of fifteen contributed chapters by experts, containing tutorial articles and new material describing in a unified way, the basic concepts, theories, characteristic features of the technology and the integration of image and graphics technologies, with recent developments and significant applications.

Scale-Space Theory in Computer Vision

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Author: Tony Lindeberg

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475764650

Category: Computers

Page: 424

View: 3531

The problem of scale pervades both the natural sciences and the vi sual arts. The earliest scientific discussions concentrate on visual per ception (much like today!) and occur in Euclid's (c. 300 B. C. ) Optics and Lucretius' (c. 100-55 B. C. ) On the Nature of the Universe. A very clear account in the spirit of modern "scale-space theory" is presented by Boscovitz (in 1758), with wide ranging applications to mathemat ics, physics and geography. Early applications occur in the cartographic problem of "generalization", the central idea being that a map in order to be useful has to be a "generalized" (coarse grained) representation of the actual terrain (Miller and Voskuil 1964). Broadening the scope asks for progressive summarizing. Very much the same problem occurs in the (realistic) artistic rendering of scenes. Artistic generalization has been analyzed in surprising detail by John Ruskin (in his Modern Painters), who even describes some of the more intricate generic "scale-space sin gularities" in detail: Where the ancients considered only the merging of blobs under blurring, Ruskin discusses the case where a blob splits off another one when the resolution is decreased, a case that has given rise to confusion even in the modern literature.

Data Engineering and Intelligent Computing

Proceedings of IC3T 2016

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Author: Suresh Chandra Satapathy,Vikrant Bhateja,K. Srujan Raju,B. Janakiramaiah

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811032238

Category: Computers

Page: 669

View: 456

The book is a compilation of high-quality scientific papers presented at the 3rd International Conference on Computer & Communication Technologies (IC3T 2016). The individual papers address cutting-edge technologies and applications of soft computing, artificial intelligence and communication. In addition, a variety of further topics are discussed, which include data mining, machine intelligence, fuzzy computing, sensor networks, signal and image processing, human-computer interaction, web intelligence, etc. As such, it offers readers a valuable and unique resource.

Principles of 3D Image Analysis and Synthesis

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Author: Bernd Girod,Günther Greiner,Heinrich Niemann

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 1475731868

Category: Computers

Page: 466

View: 9235

Traditionally, say 15 years ago, three-dimensional image analysis (aka computer vi sion) and three-dimensional image synthesis (aka computer graphics) were separate fields. Rarely were expert

Multimedia Database Management Systems

Research Issues and Future Directions

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Author: B. Thuraisingham,Kingsley C. Nwosu,P. Bruce Berra

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780792398868

Category: Computers

Page: 151

View: 403

Multimedia Database Management Systems brings together in one place important contributions and up-to-date research results in this important area. Multimedia Database Management Systems serves as an excellent reference, providing insight into some of the most important research issues in the field.

Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns

12th International Conference, CAIP 2007, Vienna, Austria, August 27-29, 2007, Proceedings

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Author: Walter Kropatsch,Martin Kampel,Allan Hanbury

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540742719

Category: Computers

Page: 1006

View: 9143

The refereed proceedings of the 12th International Conference on Computer Analysis of Images and Patterns are presented in this volume. The papers cover motion detection and tracking, medical imaging, biometrics, color, curves and surfaces beyond two dimensions, reading characters, words and lines, image segmentation, shape, image registration and matching, signal decomposition and invariants, and features and classification.

Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Information Technology and Software Engineering

Information Technology & Computing Intelligence

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Author: Wei Lu,Guoqiang Cai,Weibin Liu,Weiwei Xing

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642345220

Category: Computers

Page: 1008

View: 8539

Proceedings of the 2012 International Conference on Information Technology and Software Engineering presents selected articles from this major event, which was held in Beijing, December 8-10, 2012. This book presents the latest research trends, methods and experimental results in the fields of information technology and software engineering, covering various state-of-the-art research theories and approaches. The subjects range from intelligent computing to information processing, software engineering, Web, unified modeling language (UML), multimedia, communication technologies, system identification, graphics and visualizing, etc. The proceedings provide a major interdisciplinary forum for researchers and engineers to present the most innovative studies and advances, which can serve as an excellent reference work for researchers and graduate students working on information technology and software engineering. Prof. Wei Lu, Dr. Guoqiang Cai, Prof. Weibin Liu and Dr. Weiwei Xing all work at Beijing Jiaotong University.

Models of the Visual System

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Author: George K. Hung,Kenneth J. Ciuffreda

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 9780306467158

Category: Computers

Page: 781

View: 5866

Over the past thirty years, with improvements in optics, electronics, and computer technology, great strides have been made in the quantitative analysis of the visual system. A number of books on eye movement research have been written that have dealt with specific aspects of either eye movement control. However, none of these books provide a comprehensive overview of multiple aspects of the visual system. Moreover, few of these books contain modeling and detailed quantitative analyses of the visual system. Further, since the major books are almost ten years old, there is a need for an update to include the most recent research findings. It is with these considerations in mind that we have carefully compiled this updated, comprehensive, and quantitative model-based edited book on various components of the visual system. Some of the best vision scientists in the world in their respective fields have contributed to chapters in this book. They have expertise in a wide variety of fields, including bioengineering, basic and clinical visual science, medicine, neurophysiology, optometry, and psychology. Their combined efforts have resulted in a high quality book that covers modeling and quantitative analysis of optical, neurosensory, oculomotor, perceptual and clinical systems. It includes only those techniques and models that have such fundamentally strong physiological, control system, and perceptual bases that they will serve as foundations for models and analysis techniques in the future. The book is aimed first towards seniors and beginning graduate students in biomedical engineering, neurophysiology, optometry, and psychology, who will gain a broad understanding of quantitative analysis of the visual system. In addition, it has sufficient depth in each area to be useful as an updated reference and tutorial for graduate and post-doctoral students, as well as general vision scientists.

Advances in Computer Science and Ubiquitous Computing

CSA-CUTE 17

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Author: James J. Park,Vincenzo Loia,Gangman Yi,Yunsick Sung

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811076057

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1482

View: 4675

This book presents the combined proceedings of the 12th KIPS International Conference on Ubiquitous Information Technologies and Applications (CUTE 2017) and the 9th International Conference on Computer Science and its Applications (CSA2017), both held in Taichung, Taiwan, December 18 - 20, 2017. The aim of these two meetings was to promote discussion and interaction among academics, researchers and professionals in the field of ubiquitous computing technologies. These proceedings reflect the state of the art in the development of computational methods, involving theory, algorithms, numerical simulation, error and uncertainty analysis and novel applications of new processing techniques in engineering, science, and other disciplines related to ubiquitous computing. James J. (Jong Hyuk) Park received Ph.D. degrees in Graduate School of Information Security from Korea University, Korea and Graduate School of Human Sciences from Waseda University, Japan. From December, 2002 to July, 2007, Dr. Park had been a research scientist of R&D Institute, Hanwha S&C Co., Ltd., Korea. From September, 2007 to August, 2009, He had been a professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering, Kyungnam University, Korea. He is now a professor at the Department of Computer Science and Engineering and Department of Interdisciplinary Bio IT Materials, Seoul National University of Science and Technology (SeoulTech), Korea. Dr. Park has published about 200 research papers in international journals and conferences. He has been serving as chair, program committee, or organizing committee chair for many international conferences and workshops. He is a steering chair of international conferences – MUE, FutureTech, CSA, CUTE, UCAWSN, World IT Congress-Jeju. He is editor-in-chief of Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences (HCIS) by Springer, The Journal of Information Processing Systems (JIPS) by KIPS, and Journal of Convergence (JoC) by KIPS CSWRG. He is Associate Editor / Editor of 14 international journals including JoS, JNCA, SCN, CJ, and so on. In addition, he has been serving as a Guest Editor for international journals by some publishers: Springer, Elsevier, John Wiley, Oxford Univ. press, Emerald, Inderscience, MDPI. He got the best paper awards from ISA-08 and ITCS-11 conferences and the outstanding leadership awards from IEEE HPCC-09, ICA3PP-10, IEE ISPA-11, PDCAT-11, IEEE AINA-15. Furthermore, he got the outstanding research awards from the SeoulTech, 2014. His research interests include IoT, Human-centric Ubiquitous Computing, Information Security, Digital Forensics, Vehicular Cloud Computing, Multimedia Computing, etc. He is a member of the IEEE, IEEE Computer Society, KIPS, and KMMS. Vincenzo Loia (BS ‘85, MS ‘87, PhD ‘89) is Full Professor of Computer Science. His research interests include Intelligent Agents, Ambient intelligence, Computational Intelligence. Currently he is Founder & Editor-in-chief of “Ambient Intelligence and Humanized Computing”, and Co-Editor-in-Chief of “Softcomputing”, Springer-Verlag. He is Chair of the Task Forces “Intelligent Agents” and “Ambient Intelligence” IEEE CIS ETTC. He has been Chair the Emergent Technical Committe "Emergent Technology", IEEE CIS Society and Vice-Chair of Intelligent Systems Applications Technical Committee. He has been author of more than 200 scientific works, Editor/co-editor of 4 Books, 64 journal papers, 25 book chapters, and 100 conference papers. He is Senior member of the IEEE, Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Industrial Informatics, and Associate Editor of IEEE Transactions on Systems, Man, and Cybernetics: Systems. Many times reviewers for national and international projects, Dr. Loia is active in the research domain of agents, ambient intelligence, computational intelligence, smartgrids, distributed platform for enrich added value. Gangman Yi in Computer Sciences at Texas A&M University, USA in 2007, and doctorate in Computer Sciences at Texas A&M University, USA in 2011. In May 2011, he joined System S/W group in Samsung Electronics, Suwon, Korea. He joined the Department of Computer Science & Engineering, Gangneung-Wonju National University, Korea, since March 2012. Dr. Yi has been researched in an interdisciplinary field of researches. His research focuses especially on the development of computational methods to improve understanding of biological systems and its big data. Dr. Yi actively serves as a managing editor and reviewer for international journals, and chair of international conferences and workshops. Yunsick Sung received his B.S. degree in division of electrical and computer engineering from Pusan National University, Busan, Korea, in 2004, his M.S. degree in computer engineering from Dongguk University, Seoul, Korea, in 2006, and his Ph.D. degree in game engineering from Dongguk University, Seoul, Korea, in 2012. He was employed as a member of the researcher at Samsung Electronics between 2006 and 2009. He was the plural professor at Shinheung College in 2009 and at Dongguk University in 2010. His main research interests are many topics in brain-computer Interface, programming by demonstration, ubiquitous computing and reinforcement learning. His Journal Service Experiences is Associate Editor at Human-centric Computing and Information Sciences, Springer (2015- Current).

Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Computer and Communication Technologies

IC3T 2015

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Author: Suresh Chandra Satapathy,K. Srujan Raju,Jyotsna Kumar Mandal,Vikrant Bhateja

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 8132225236

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 833

View: 3027

The book is about all aspects of computing, communication, general sciences and educational research covered at the Second International Conference on Computer & Communication Technologies held during 24-26 July 2015 at Hyderabad. It hosted by CMR Technical Campus in association with Division – V (Education & Research) CSI, India. After a rigorous review only quality papers are selected and included in this book. The entire book is divided into three volumes. Three volumes cover a variety of topics which include medical imaging, networks, data mining, intelligent computing, software design, image processing, mobile computing, digital signals and speech processing, video surveillance and processing, web mining, wireless sensor networks, circuit analysis, fuzzy systems, antenna and communication systems, biomedical signal processing and applications, cloud computing, embedded systems applications and cyber security and digital forensic. The readers of these volumes will be highly benefited from the technical contents of the topics.

Advances in Biometrics

Third International Conferences, ICB 2009, Alghero, Italy, June 2-5, 2009, Proceedings

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Author: Massimo Tistarelli,Mark S. Nixon

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642017924

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1302

View: 7806

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the Third International Conference on Biometrics, ICB 2009, held in Alghero, Italy, June 2-5, 2009. The 36 revised full papers and 93 revised poster papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 250 submissions. Biometric criteria covered by the papers are assigned to face, speech, fingerprint and palmprint, multibiometrics and security, gait, iris, and other biometrics. In addition there are 4 papers on challenges and competitions that currently are under way, thus presenting an overview on the evaluation of biometrics.

Progress in Advanced Computing and Intelligent Engineering

Proceedings of ICACIE 2016

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Author: Khalid Saeed,Nabendu Chaki,Bibudhendu Pati,Sambit Bakshi,Durga Prasad Mohapatra

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 9811068720

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 707

View: 8418

The book focuses on both theory and applications in the broad areas of communication technology, computer science and information security. This two volume book contains the Proceedings of International Conference on Advanced Computing and Intelligent Engineering. These volumes bring together academic scientists, professors, research scholars and students to share and disseminate information on knowledge and scientific research works related to computing, networking, and informatics to discuss the practical challenges encountered and the solutions adopted. The book also promotes translation of basic research into applied investigation and convert applied investigation into practice.

Information Systems Design and Intelligent Applications

Proceedings of Third International Conference INDIA 2016

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Author: Suresh Chandra Satapathy,Jyotsna Kumar Mandal,Siba K. Udgata,Vikrant Bhateja

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 8132227522

Category: Computers

Page: 767

View: 8361

The third international conference on INformation Systems Design and Intelligent Applications (INDIA – 2016) held in Visakhapatnam, India during January 8-9, 2016. The book covers all aspects of information system design, computer science and technology, general sciences, and educational research. Upon a double blind review process, a number of high quality papers are selected and collected in the book, which is composed of three different volumes, and covers a variety of topics, including natural language processing, artificial intelligence, security and privacy, communications, wireless and sensor networks, microelectronics, circuit and systems, machine learning, soft computing, mobile computing and applications, cloud computing, software engineering, graphics and image processing, rural engineering, e-commerce, e-governance, business computing, molecular computing, nano-computing, chemical computing, intelligent computing for GIS and remote sensing, bio-informatics and bio-computing. These fields are not only limited to computer researchers but also include mathematics, chemistry, biology, bio-chemistry, engineering, statistics, and all others in which computer techniques may assist.