Computational Intelligence, Control and Computer Vision in Robotics and Automation

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Author: Bidyadhar Subudhi

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9788173199530

Category: Computers

Page: 230

View: 4149

Computational Intelligence, Control and Computer Vision in Robotics and Automation describes the significance of Computational Intelligence, Control and Computer Vision towards developing intelligent robots and industrial automation with applications. The key features of the book are: * Presents the state-of-the-art technologies on robotics research. * Includes an array of recent investigations on navigation, motion planning of mobile robots, control of underactuated systems such as flexible robots and quadrotor together with soft computing approaches to control of single and multiple rigid robots. * Assembles research contributions in the frontier areas of robotics and automation from major researchers in India, USA, Canada, United Kingdom, Mexico and Malaysia. * Provides new directions of robotics applications e.g. electrical power line maintenance.

Computational Intelligence for Modelling, Control & Automation

Intelligent Image Processing, Data Analysis & Information Retrieval

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Author: Masoud Mohammadian

Publisher: IOS Press

ISBN: 9789051994759

Category: Computers

Page: 338

View: 2366

This edited volume is dedicated to the theory and applications of Computational Intelligence techniques for Intelligent Image Processing, Data Analysis and Information Retrieval. It consists of 52 accepted research papers from the 1999 International Conference on Computational Intelligence for Modeling, Control and Automation - CIMCA'99. The goal of this conference was to provide a medium for the exchange of ideas between theoreticians and practitioners to address the important issues in computational intelligence for modelling, control and automation. The research papers presented in this book cover new techniques and applications in the of Image Processing, Computer Vision, Multimedia Systems, Filtering, Classification, Data Analysis, Prediction, Intelligent Database and Information Retrievals.

Introduction to AI Robotics

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Author: Robin Murphy,Robin R.. Murphy,Ronald C. Arkin

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN: 9780262133838

Category: Computers

Page: 466

View: 2528

A comprehensive introduction to the AI approach to robotics, combining theoretical rigor and practical applications; with case studies and exercises. This text covers all the material needed to understand the principles behind the AI approach to robotics and to program an artificially intelligent robot for applications involving sensing, navigation, planning, and uncertainty. Robin Murphy is extremely effective at combining theoretical and practical rigor with a light narrative touch. In the overview, for example, she touches upon anthropomorphic robots from classic films and science fiction stories before delving into the nuts and bolts of organizing intelligence in robots. Following the overview, Murphy contrasts AI and engineering approaches and discusses what she calls the three paradigms of AI robotics: hierarchical, reactive, and hybrid deliberative/reactive. Later chapters explore multiagent scenarios, navigation and path-planning for mobile robots, and the basics of computer vision and range sensing. Each chapter includes objectives, review questions, and exercises. Many chapters contain one or more case studies showing how the concepts were implemented on real robots. Murphy, who is well known for her classroom teaching, conveys the intellectual adventure of mastering complex theoretical and technical material. An Instructor's Manual including slides, solutions, sample tests, and programming assignments is available to qualified professors who are considering using the book or who are using the book for class use.

Applications of AI, Machine Vision and Robotics

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Author: Kim L. Boyer,Louise Stark,Horst Bunke

Publisher: World Scientific

ISBN: 9789810221508

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 259

View: 1431

This text features a broad array of research efforts in computer vision including low level processing, perceptual organization, object recognition and active vision. The volume's nine papers specifically report on topics such as sensor confidence, low level feature extraction schemes, non-parametric multi-scale curve smoothing, integration of geometric and non-geometric attributes for object recognition, design criteria for a four degree-of-freedom robot head, a real-time vision system based on control of visual attention and a behavior-based active eye vision system. The scope of the book provides an excellent sample of current concepts, examples and applications from multiple areas of computer vision.

Robotic Welding, Intelligence and Automation

RWIA’2014

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Author: Tzyh-Jong Tarn,Shan-Ben Chen,Xiao-Qi Chen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3319189972

Category: Computers

Page: 640

View: 4322

The primary aim of this volume is to provide researchers and engineers from both academic and industry with up-to-date coverage of new results in the field of robotic welding, intelligent systems and automation. The book is mainly based on papers selected from the 2014 International Conference on Robotic Welding, Intelligence and Automation (RWIA’2014), held Oct. 25-27, 2014, at Shanghai, China. The articles show that the intelligentized welding manufacturing (IWM) is becoming an inevitable trend with the intelligentized robotic welding as the key technology. The volume is divided into four logical parts: Intelligent Techniques for Robotic Welding, Sensing of Arc Welding Processing, Modeling and Intelligent Control of Welding Processing, as well as Intelligent Control and its Applications in Engineering.

Recent Advances in Robotics and Automation

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Author: Gourab Sen Gupta,Donald Bailey,Serge Demidenko,Dale Carnegie

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3642373879

Category: Computers

Page: 344

View: 5209

There isn’t a facet of human life that has not been touched and influenced by robots and automation. What makes robots and machines versatile is their computational intelligence. While modern intelligent sensors and powerful hardware capabilities have given a huge fillip to the growth of intelligent machines, the progress in the development of algorithms for smart interaction, collaboration and pro-activeness will result in the next quantum jump. This book deals with the recent advancements in design methodologies, algorithms and implementation techniques to incorporate intelligence in robots and automation systems. Several articles deal with navigation, localization and mapping of mobile robots, a problem that engineers and researchers are grappling with all the time. Fuzzy logic, neural networks and neuro-fuzzy based techniques for real world applications have been detailed in a few articles. This edited volume is targeted to present the latest state-of-the-art computational intelligence techniques in Robotics and Automation. It is a compilation of the extended versions of the very best papers selected from the many that were presented at the 5th International Conference on Automation, Robotics and Applications (ICARA 2011) which was held in Wellington, New Zealand from 6-8 December, 2011. Scientists and engineers who work with robots and automation systems will find this book very useful and stimulating.

Robotics and Artificial Intelligence

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Author: Michael Brady,L.A. Gerhardt,H.F. Davidson

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642821537

Category: Computers

Page: 696

View: 8280

Dr. Lester A. Gerhardt Professor and Chairman Electrical, Computer, and Systems Engineering Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute Troy, New York 12180 This book is a collection of papers on the subject of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence. Most of the papers contained herein were presented as part of the program of the NATO Advanced Study Institute held in June 1983 at Castel vecchio Pascoli, Italy on the same subject. Attendance at this two week Institute was by invitation only, drawing people internationally representing industry, government and the academic community worldwide. Many of the people in attendance, as well as those presenting papers, are recognized leaders in the field. In addition to the formal paper presentations, there were several informal work shops. These included a workshop on sensing, a workshop on educational methodology in the subject area, as examples. This book is an outgrowth and direct result of that Institute and includes the papers presented as well as a few others which were stimulated by that meeting. A special note is the paper entitled "State-of-the-Art and Predictions for Artificial Intelligence and Robotics" by Dr. R. Nagel which appears in the Introduction and Overview chapter of this book. This paper was originally developed as part of a study for the United States Army performed by the National Research Council of the National Academy of Science and published as part of a report entitled "Applications of Robotics and Artificial Intelligence to Reduce Risk and Improve Effectiveness" by National Academy Press in 1983.

Robotics, Vision and Control

Fundamental Algorithms in MATLAB

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Author: Peter Corke

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642201431

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 570

View: 953

The practice of robotics and computer vision both involve the application of computational algorithms to data. Over the fairly recent history of the fields of robotics and computer vision a very large body of algorithms has been developed. However this body of knowledge is something of a barrier for anybody entering the field, or even looking to see if they want to enter the field — What is the right algorithm for a particular problem?, and importantly, How can I try it out without spending days coding and debugging it from the original research papers? The author has maintained two open-source MATLAB Toolboxes for more than 10 years: one for robotics and one for vision. The key strength of the Toolboxes provide a set of tools that allow the user to work with real problems, not trivial examples. For the student the book makes the algorithms accessible, the Toolbox code can be read to gain understanding, and the examples illustrate how it can be used —instant gratification in just a couple of lines of MATLAB code. The code can also be the starting point for new work, for researchers or students, by writing programs based on Toolbox functions, or modifying the Toolbox code itself. The purpose of this book is to expand on the tutorial material provided with the toolboxes, add many more examples, and to weave this into a narrative that covers robotics and computer vision separately and together. The author shows how complex problems can be decomposed and solved using just a few simple lines of code, and hopefully to inspire up and coming researchers. The topics covered are guided by the real problems observed over many years as a practitioner of both robotics and computer vision. It is written in a light but informative style, it is easy to read and absorb, and includes a lot of Matlab examples and figures. The book is a real walk through the fundamentals of robot kinematics, dynamics and joint level control, then camera models, image processing, feature extraction and epipolar geometry, and bring it all together in a visual servo system. Additional material is provided at http://www.petercorke.com/RVC

Advanced Topics on Computer Vision, Control and Robotics in Mechatronics

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Author: Osslan Osiris Vergara Villegas,Manuel Nandayapa,Israel Soto

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 331977770X

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 432

View: 2226

The field of mechatronics (which is the synergistic combination of precision mechanical engineering, electronic control and systems thinking in the design of products and manufacturing processes) is gaining much attention in industries and academics. It was detected that the topics of computer vision, control and robotics are imperative for the successful of mechatronics systems. This book includes several chapters which report successful study cases about computer vision, control and robotics. The readers will have the latest information related to mechatronics, that contains the details of implementation, and the description of the test scenarios.

Knowledge-Based Vision-Guided Robots

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Author: Nick Barnes,Zhi-Quiang Liu

Publisher: Physica

ISBN: 3790817805

Category: Computers

Page: 212

View: 1922

Many robotics researchers consider high-level vision algorithms (computational) too expensive for use in robot guidance. This book introduces the reader to an alternative approach to perception for autonomous, mobile robots. It explores how to apply methods of high-level computer vision and fuzzy logic to the guidance and control of the mobile robot. The book introduces a knowledge-based approach to vision modeling for robot guidance, where advantage is taken of constraints of the robot's physical structure, the tasks it performs, and the environments it works in. This facilitates high-level computer vision algorithms such as object recognition at a speed that is sufficient for real-time navigation. The texts presents algorithms that exploit these constraints at all levels of vision, from image processing to model construction and matching, as well as shape recovery. These algorithms are demonstrated in the navigation of a wheeled mobile robot.

Industrial and Engineering Applications of Artificial Intelligence and Expert Systems

Proceedings of the Tenth International Conference

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Author: M Ali,M Matthews,D Potter

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN: 9789056996154

Category: Computers

Page: 512

View: 1007

The field of artificial intelligence has been maturing for a number of years and has inspired many researchers to produce innovative intelligent systems to demonstrate the capability of intelligent machines and their success in solving human problems. Only recently, however, have intelligent systems shown progress in demonstrating success in real-life applications, particularly in industrial environments. Many organizations have successfully used at least some limited aspects of intelligent research in their day-to-day operations. The objectives of this volume are to focus on these real-life applications and report a comprehensive view of the theoretical and applied aspects of intelligent systems technology. The most recent work in industrial, commercial, military, and academic environments is summarized, including 61 state-of-the-art reports on active research applied to real world problems.

Soft Computing for Intelligent Control and Mobile Robotics

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Author: Oscar Castillo,Witold Pedrycz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642155332

Category: Computers

Page: 484

View: 1483

This book describes in a detailed fashion the application of hybrid intelligent systems using soft computing techniques for intelligent control and mobile robotics. Soft Computing (SC) consists of several intelligent computing paradigms, including fuzzy logic, neural networks, and bio-inspired optimization algorithms, which can be used to produce powerful hybrid intelligent systems. The prudent combination of SC techniques can produce powerful hybrid intelligent systems that are capable of solving real-world problems. This is illustrated in this book with a wide range of applications, with particular emphasis in intelligent control and mobile robotics. The book is organized in five main parts, which contain a group of papers around a similar subject. The first part consists of papers with the main theme of theory and algorithms, which are basically papers that propose new models and concepts, which can be the basis for achieving intelligent control and mobile robotics. The second part contains papers with the main theme of intelligent control, which are basically papers using bio-inspired techniques, like evolutionary algorithms and neural networks, for achieving intelligent control of non-linear plants. The third part contains papers with the theme of optimization of fuzzy controllers, which basically consider the application of bio-inspired optimization methods to automate the de-sign process of optimal type-1 and type-2 fuzzy controllers. The fourth part contains papers that deal with the application of SC techniques in times series prediction and intelligent agents. The fifth part contains papers with the theme of computer vision and robotics, which are papers considering soft computing methods for applications related to vision and robotics.

Design and Control of Intelligent Robotic Systems

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Author: Dikai Liu,Lingfeng Wang,Kay Chen Tan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN: 3540899332

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 478

View: 6637

With the increasing applications of intelligent robotic systems in various ?elds, the - sign and control of these systems have increasingly attracted interest from researchers. This edited book entitled “Design and Control of Intelligent Robotic Systems” in the book series of “Studies in Computational Intelligence” is a collection of some advanced research on design and control of intelligent robots. The works presented range in scope from design methodologies to robot development. Various design approaches and al- rithms, such as evolutionary computation, neural networks, fuzzy logic, learning, etc. are included. We also would like to mention that most studies reported in this book have been implemented in physical systems. An overview on the applications of computational intelligence in bio-inspired robotics is given in Chapter 1 by M. Begum and F. Karray, with highlights of the recent progress in bio-inspired robotics research and a focus on the usage of computational intelligence tools to design human-like cognitive abilities in the robotic systems. In Chapter 2, Lisa L. Grant and Ganesh K. Venayagamoorthy present greedy search, particle swarm optimization and fuzzy logic based strategies for navigating a swarm of robots for target search in a hazardous environment, with potential applications in high-risk tasks such as disaster recovery and hazardous material detection.

Robotics Technology and Flexible Automation

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Author: Deb

Publisher: Tata McGraw-Hill Education

ISBN: 0070077916

Category: Automation

Page: 552

View: 4106

The authors, who have over four decades of experience in the industry and academia, have enhanced the coverage of the work by comprehensively adding the latest developments in the field. New topics include robot dynamics, drives, actuator systems, mechatronics, modeling of intelligent systems based on soft computing techniques, CAD/CAM based numerical control part programming, robotic assembly in CIM environment and other industrial applications.

Menschheit 2.0

Die Singularität naht

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Author: Ray Kurzweil

Publisher: Lola Books

ISBN: 3944203135

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 672

View: 4649

Das Jahr 2045 markiert einen historischen Meilenstein: Es ist das Jahr, in dem der Mensch seine biologischen Begrenzungen mithilfe der Technik überwinden wird. Diese als technologische Singularität bekannt gewordene Revolution wird die Menschheit für immer verändern. Googles Chefingenieur Ray Kurzweil, dessen wahnwitzigen Visionen in den vergangenen Jahrzehnten immer wieder genau ins Schwarze trafen, zeichnet in diesem Klassiker des Transhumanismus mit beispielloser Detailwut eine bunt schillernde Momentaufnahme der technischen Evolution und legt dar, weshalb diese so bald kein Ende finden, sondern im Gegenteil immer weiter an Dynamik gewinnen wird. Daraus ergibt sich eine ebenso faszinierende wie schockierende Vision für die Zukunft der Menschheit.

Unifying Perspectives in Computational and Robot Vision

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Author: Danica Kragic,Ville Kyrki

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 0387755233

Category: Computers

Page: 206

View: 917

Assembled in this volume is a collection of some of the state-of-the-art methods that are using computer vision and machine learning techniques as applied in robotic applications. Currently there is a gap between research conducted in the computer vision and robotics communities. This volume discusses contrasting viewpoints of computer vision vs. robotics, and provides current and future challenges discussed from a research perspective.

Musical Robots and Interactive Multimodal Systems

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Author: Jorge Solis,Kia Ng

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3642222900

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 278

View: 4388

Musical robotics is a multi- and trans-disciplinary research area involving a wide range of different domains that contribute to its development, including: computer science, multimodal interfaces and processing, artificial intelligence, electronics, robotics, mechatronics and more. A musical robot requires many different complex systems to work together; integrating musical representation, techniques, expressions, detailed analysis and controls, for both playing and listening. The development of interactive multimodal systems provides advancements which enable enhanced human-machine interaction and novel possibilities for embodied robotic platforms. This volume is focused on this highly exciting interdisciplinary field. This book consists of 14 chapters highlighting different aspects of musical activities and interactions, discussing cutting edge research related to interactive multimodal systems and their integration with robots to further enhance musical understanding, interpretation, performance, education and enjoyment. It is dichotomized into two sections: Section I focuses on understanding elements of musical performance and expression while Section II concentrates on musical robots and automated instruments. Musical Robots and Interactive Multimodal Systems provides an introduction and foundation for researchers, students and practitioners to key achievements and current research trends on interactive multimodal systems and musical robotics.

Analysis and Design of Intelligent Systems Using Soft Computing Techniques

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Author: Patricia Melin,Oscar Castillo,Eduardo G. Ramírez,Witold Pedrycz

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN: 3540724311

Category: Computers

Page: 855

View: 7403

This book comprises a selection of papers on new methods for analysis and design of hybrid intelligent systems using soft computing techniques from the IFSA 2007 World Congress, held in Cancun, Mexico, June 2007.